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1.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824092

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer (LC) remains a leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, underscoring the urgent need for novel therapeutic targets. The integration of Mendelian randomization (MR) with proteomic data presents a novel approach to identifying potential targets for LC treatment. METHODS: This study utilized a proteome-wide MR analysis, leveraging publicly available data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) studies. We analyzed genetic association data for LC from the TRICL-ILCCO Consortium and proteomic data from the Decode cohort. The MR framework was employed to estimate the causal effects of specific proteins on LC risk, supplemented by external validation, co-localization analyses, and exploration of protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks. RESULTS: Our analysis identified five proteins (TFPI, ICAM5, SFTPB, COL6A3, EPHB1) with significant associations to LC risk. External validation confirmed the potential therapeutic relevance of ICAM5 and SFTPB. Co-localization analyses and PPI network exploration provided further insights into the biological pathways involved and their potential mechanistic roles in LC pathogenesis. CONCLUSION: The study highlights the power of integrating genomic and proteomic data through MR analysis to uncover novel therapeutic targets for lung cancer. The identified proteins, particularly ICAM5 and SFTPB, offer promising directions for future research and development of targeted therapies, demonstrating the potential to advance personalized medicine in lung cancer treatment.

2.
IUBMB Life ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838376

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common autoimmune illness that is difficult to treat. The upregulation of Th17 cells is critical in the pathological process of MS. Hederagenol (Hed) has been shown to lower IL-17 levels, although its role in MS pathophysiology is uncertain. In this study, we explore whether Hed could ameliorate MS by modulating Th17 cell differentiation, with the goal of identifying new treatment targets for MS. The experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model was conducted and Hed was intraperitoneally injected into mice. The weight was recorded and the clinical symptom grade was assessed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was carried out to determine the extent of inflammation in the spinal cord and liver. The luxol Fast Blue staining was performed to detect the pathological changes in the myelin sheath. Nerve damage was detected using NeuN immunofluorescence staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling staining. Immunohistology approaches were used to study alterations in immune cells in the spinal cord. The proportions of T cell subsets in the spleens were analyzed by flow cytometry. RORγt levels were measured using quantitative real-time PCR or Western blot. The activity of the RORγt promoter was analyzed by Chromatin immunoprecipitation. Hed administration reduced the clinical symptom grade of EAE mice, as well as the inflammatory infiltration, demyelination, and cell disorder of the spinal cord, while having no discernible effect on the mouse weight. In addition, Hed treatment significantly reduced the number of T cells, particularly Th17 cells in the spinal cord and spleen-isolated CD4+ T cells. Hed lowered the RORγt levels in spleens and CD4+ T cells and overexpression of RORγt reversed the inhibitory effect of Hed on Th17 differentiation. Hed decreased nerve injury by modulating Th17 differentiation through the RORγt promoter. Hed regulates Th17 differentiation by reducing RORγt promoter activity, which reduces nerve injury and alleviates EAE.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839721

RESUMO

A novel cyclic chalcone fluorescent probe C-PN was synthesized to detect ONOO-. After reaction with peroxynitrite, the double bond of C-PN in the cyclic chalcone structure was disconnected, which caused the change of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) effect, emitting blue fluorescence and quenching orange red fluorescence. Visible to the naked eye, the color of the probe solution changed. The probe showed low sensitivity (detection limit = 20.2 nm), short response time (less than 60 s) at low concentration of ONOO-, good visibility, and good selectivity and stability for ONOO-.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841994

RESUMO

Infection and aseptic loosening caused by bacteria and poor osseointegration remain serious challenges for orthopedic implants. The advanced surface modification of implants is an effective strategy for addressing these challenges. This study presents a "pneumatic nanocannon" coating for titanium orthopedic implants to achieve on-demand release of antibacterial and sustained release of osteogenic agents. SrTiO3 nanotubes (SrNT) were constructed on the surface of Ti implants as "cannon barrel," the "cannonball" (antibiotic) and "propellant" (NH4HCO3) were codeposited into SrNT with assistance of mussel-inspired copolymerization of dopamine and subsequently sealed by a layer of polydopamine. The encapsulated NH4HCO3 within the nanotubes could be thermally decomposed into gases under near-infrared irradiation, propelling the on-demand delivery of antibiotics. This coating demonstrated significant efficacy in eliminating typical pathogenic bacteria both in planktonic and biofilm forms. Additionally, this coating exhibited a continuous release of strontium ions, which significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of preosteoblasts. In an implant-associated infection rat model, this coating demonstrated substantial antibacterial efficiency (>99%) and significant promotion of osseointegration, along with alleviated postoperative inflammation. This pneumatic nanocannon coating presents a promising approach to achieving on-demand infection inhibition and sustained osseointegration enhancement for titanium orthopedic implants.

6.
Mater Today Bio ; 26: 101094, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854952

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) is a major challenge to neuronal survival in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, effective neuroprotective agents remain to be developed for the treatment of CIRI. In this work, we have developed an Anti-TRAIL protein-modified and indocyanine green (ICG)-responsive nanoagent (Anti-TRAIL-ICG) to target ischemic areas and then reduce CIRI and rescue the ischemic penumbra. In vitro and in vivo experiments have demonstrated that the carrier-free nanoagent can enhance drug transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in stroke mice, exhibiting high targeting ability and good biocompatibility. Anti-TRAIL-ICG nanoagent played a better neuroprotective role by reducing apoptosis and ferroptosis, and significantly improved ischemia-reperfusion injury. Moreover, the multimodal imaging platform enables the dynamic in vivo examination of multiple morphofunctional information, so that the dynamic molecular events of nanoagent can be detected continuously and in real time for early treatment in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. Furthermore, it has been found that Anti-TRAIL-ICG has great potential in the functional reconstruction of neurovascular networks through optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Taken together, our work effectively alleviates CIRI after stoke by blocking multiple cell death pathways, which offers an innovative strategy for harnessing the apoptosis and ferroptosis against CIRI.

7.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(4): 684-693, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846337

RESUMO

Four new N-acylated aminoalkanoic acids, namely clonoroseins E-H (1-4), together with three previously identified analogs, clonoroseins A, B, and D (5-7), were identified from the endophytic fungus Clonostachys rosea strain 15020 (CR15020), using Feature-based Molecular Networking (FBMN). The elucidation of their chemical structures, including their absolute configurations, was achieved through spectroscopic analysis combined with quantum chemical calculations. Bioinformatics analyses suggested that an iterative type I HR-PKS (CrsE) generates the polyketide side chain of these clonoroseins. Furthermore, a downstream adenylate-forming enzyme of the PKS (CrsD) was suspected to function as an amide synthetase. CrsD potentially facilitates the transformation of the polyketide moiety into an acyl-AMP intermediate, followed by nucleophilic substitution with either ß-alanine or γ-aminobutyric acid to produce amide derivatives. These findings significantly expand our understanding of PKS-related products originating from C. rosea and also underscore the powerful application of FBMN analytical methods in characterization of new compounds.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844882

RESUMO

DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (AgNCs-DNA) can be synthesized via a one-pot method bypassing the tedious process of biomolecular labeling. Appending an aptamer to DNA templates results in dual-functionalized DNA strands that can be utilized for synthesizing aptamer-modified AgNCs, thereby enabling the development of label-free fluorescence aptasensors. However, a major challenge lies in the necessity to redesign the dual-functionalized DNA strand for each specific target, thus increasing the complexity and hindering widespread application of these aptasensors. To overcome this challenge, we designed six DNA strands (DNA1-DNA6) that incorporate the templates for AgNCs synthesis and A4-linker for further aptamer coupling. Among all the synthesized AgNCs-DNA samples, it was found that both AgNCs-DNA1 and AgNCs-DNA2 stood out for their excellent long-term stability. After capturing the T4-linker that connected with aptamer1 specific for aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), however, we found that only AgNCs-DNA1/aptamer1 maintained excellent long-term stability. This finding highlighted the potential of AgNCs-DNA1 as a versatile label-free fluorescence probe for the development of on-demand fluorescence aptasensors. To emphasize its benefits in aptasensing applications, we utilized AgNCs-DNA1/aptamer1 as the fluorescence probe and MoS2 nanosheets as the quencher to develop a FRET aptasensor for AFB1 detection. This aptasensor demonstrated remarkable sensitivity, enabling the detection of AFB1 within a wide concentration range of 0.03-120 ng/mL, with a limit of detection as low as 3.6 pg/mL (S/N = 3). The versatility of the aptasensor has been validated through the recognition of diverse targets, employing aptamer2 specific for ochratoxin A and aptamer3 specific for zearalenone, thereby showcasing its extensive applicability for on-demand detection. The universal applicability of this aptasensor holds great promise for future applications in diverse fields including food safety, environmental monitoring, and clinical diagnosis.

9.
High Alt Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847053

RESUMO

Background: Controversy remains in the association between smoking and the risk of acute mountain sickness (AMS). Therefore, a systematic review of the existing literature may help clarify this association. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from database inception up to October 19, 2021. Both unadjusted and adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to compare the risk of AMS in the smoking and nonsmoking groups. Meta-regression was conducted to explore the factors causing heterogeneity of the studies, and subsequent stratified analysis was performed to present the pooled RR in different subgroups. Publication bias was assessed using funnel plots. Results: A total of 28 eligible articles (31 studies) were included. The pooled unadjusted and adjusted RRs were 0.88 (95% CI: 0.78-1.01) and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.77-0.99), respectively, using random-effect models. Publication bias was observed owing to restrictions on the sample size. The ascending altitude and sex composition of the study population were likely sources of heterogeneity according to meta-regression. Studies on participants with an ascending altitude of over 3,500 m or composed of both males and females reported a slight but not significant protective effect of smoking on the risk of AMS, with high heterogeneity. Conclusions: Smoking had no significant effect on AMS risk in this meta-analysis. Current studies showed high heterogeneity and included little information on quantitative exposure to smoking (i.e., dose and frequency); thus, the results require careful explanation.

10.
J Med Internet Res ; 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828692

RESUMO

UNSTRUCTURED: Migraine, a frequent and highly disabling disorder, necessitates enhanced education of individuals with migraine to mitigate this global burden. The rapidly evolving field of large language models (LLMs) presents a promising avenue for assisting in migraine patient education. This study aims to assess the potential of LLMs in this context by evaluating the accuracy of responses from five leading LLMs, including OpenAI's ChatGPT 3.5 and 4.0, Google Bard, Meta Llama2, and Anthropic Claude2, in addressing 30 commonly asked migraine-related queries. We found that LLMs demonstrated varied levels of accuracy. ChatGPT-4.0 provided 96.7% appropriate responses, while other chatbots provided 83.3% to 90% appropriate responses (Pearson's chi-squared test, P=0.481). Additionally, Google Bard had a 'poor' rating proportion of 6.7%, other LLMs had 3.3% (Pearson's chi-squared test, P=0.961). This study underscores the potential of LLMs to accurately address common migraine-related queries. Such findings could advance AI-assisted education for individuals with migraine, providing insights for a holistic approach to migraine management.

11.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(6): 401, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829506

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anthracycline-based or platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy belongs to the standard treatment for early-stage breast cancer (EBC) that is either triple-negative or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2 +). Currently, there is a paucity of data comparing their impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Triple-negative or HER2 + EBC from our two prospective randomized controlled trials, neoCARH and neoCART, were divided into two groups based on the neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens they received: anthracycline-based or platinum-based group. HRQoL was the exploratory endpoint in these two trials, which was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-Core30 and Breast23 questionnaires. The primary variable of interest was the C30 summary score (C30-SumSc). Assessments were carried out at baseline, after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 1 year and 2 years after diagnosis. RESULTS: The mean questionnaires' compliance rate was 95.0%. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 210 patients had evaluable HRQoL data, the mean least square change from baseline for the platinum-based group was - 15.997 (95% confidence interval (CI): - 17.877 to - 14.117), and it was - 20.156 (95% CI: - 22.053 to - 18.258) for the anthracycline-based group (difference: 4.159, 95% CI: 1.462 to 6.855, P = 0.003, minimal important difference = 3). For the majority of the domains of interest assessed by the C30 and BR23 questionnaires, the platinum-based group demonstrated superior outcomes in comparison to the anthracycline-based group. CONCLUSION: Patients receiving platinum-based or anthracycline-based regimens both experienced worsened HRQoL after neoadjuvant chemotherapy; however, the former provided relatively better HRQoL compared with the latter. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03140553. Registered 4 May 2017 (neoCARH). NCT03154749. Registered 16 May 2017 (neoCART).


Assuntos
Antraciclinas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Estudos Prospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5040, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866786

RESUMO

Direct chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of graphene on dielectric/insulating materials is a promising strategy for subsequent transfer-free applications of graphene. However, graphene growth on noncatalytic substrates is faced with thorny issues, especially the limited growth rate, which severely hinders mass production and practical applications. Herein, graphene glass fiber fabric (GGFF) is developed by graphene CVD growth on glass fiber fabric. Dichloromethane is applied as a carbon precursor to accelerate graphene growth, which has a low decomposition energy barrier, and more importantly, the produced high-electronegativity Cl radical can enhance adsorption of active carbon species by Cl-CH2 coadsorption and facilitate H detachment from graphene edges. Consequently, the growth rate is increased by ~3 orders of magnitude and carbon utilization by ~960-fold, compared with conventional methane precursor. The advantageous hierarchical conductive configuration of lightweight, flexible GGFF makes it an ultrasensitive pressure sensor for human motion and physiological monitoring, such as pulse and vocal signals.

13.
Biomater Res ; 28: 0038, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868091

RESUMO

Immunotherapy shows great therapeutic potential for long-term protection against tumor relapse and metastasis. Innate immune sensors, such as cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) and stimulator of interferon genes (STING), dissolve DNA and induce type I interferon. Through activation of the cGAS/STING pathway, chemotherapy drugs and reversine (REV) may provide synergetic anti-tumor effects. Here, we prepared drug-loaded cell membrane hybrid lipid nanovesicles (LEVs) (designated LEV@DOX@REV) by fusion of cell membranes, phospholipids, doxorubicin (DOX), and REV, to realize accurate delivery to tumors and chemo-immunotherapy. The cell membranes of LEVs confer "homing" abilities. DOX can induce immunogenic cell death as a result of its specific immunomodulatory effects, which promotes the maturation of immune cells and improves the microenvironment of the immune system. REV is proven to efficiently activate cGAS/STING signaling, thereby enhancing the immune system. The antitumor efficacy of LEV@DOX@REV was evaluated in a 4T1 subcutaneous tumor xenograft model, a distant metastatic tumor model, and a liver metastatic tumor model. LEV@DOX@REV facilitated the infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes within tumors, increased the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, and modified the tumor microenvironment. In conclusion, LEV@DOX@REV displayed favorable antitumor effects and extended the survival of tumor-bearing mice. We therefore successfully developed nanoparticles capable of enhancing immune activation that have potential therapeutic applications for cancer immunotherapy.

14.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 260: 116455, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824702

RESUMO

In this work, a potential-controlled electrochromic visual biosensor was developed for detecting zearalenone (ZEN) using a distance readout strategy. The sensor chip includes a square detection area and a folded signal output area created with laser etching technology. The detection area is modified with graphene oxide and ZEN aptamer, while Prussian blue (PB) is electrodeposited onto the signal output channel. When an appropriate voltage is applied, PB in the signal output area is reduced to colorless Prussian white (PW). The target ZEN molecules have the capability to release aptamers from graphene oxide (GO) surface in the detection area, resulting in a subsequent change in the potential of the visual signal output channel. This change determines the length of the channel that changes from blue to colorless, with the color change distance being proportional to the ZEN concentration. Using this distance readout strategy, ZEN detection within the range of 1 ng/mL to 300 ng/mL was achieved, with a detection limit of 0.29 ng/mL.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite , Limite de Detecção , Zearalenona , Zearalenona/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Grafite/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Ferrocianetos/química , Colorimetria/instrumentação , Colorimetria/métodos
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13373, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862547

RESUMO

Generally, the recognition performance of lightweight models is often lower than that of large models. Knowledge distillation, by teaching a student model using a teacher model, can further enhance the recognition accuracy of lightweight models. In this paper, we approach knowledge distillation from the perspective of intermediate feature-level knowledge distillation. We combine a cross-stage feature fusion symmetric framework, an attention mechanism to enhance the fused features, and a contrastive loss function for teacher and student models at the same stage to comprehensively implement a multistage feature fusion knowledge distillation method. This approach addresses the problem of significant differences in the intermediate feature distributions between teacher and student models, making it difficult to effectively learn implicit knowledge and thus improving the recognition accuracy of the student model. Compared to existing knowledge distillation methods, our method performs at a superior level. On the CIFAR100 dataset, it boosts the recognition accuracy of ResNet20 from 69.06% to 71.34%, and on the TinyImagenet dataset, it increases the recognition accuracy of ResNet18 from 66.54% to 68.03%, demonstrating the effectiveness and generalizability of our approach. Furthermore, there is room for further optimization of the overall distillation structure and feature extraction methods in this approach, which requires further research and exploration.

16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(23): 13341-13347, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830118

RESUMO

Iron is an essential element in the composition of living organisms and plays a crucial role in a wide range of biological activities. The human body primarily obtains essential iron through the consumption of food. Therefore, it is vital for the health of human body to maintain iron homeostasis. The reducing character of the cellular microenvironment enables Fe2+ to occupy a dominant position within the cell. Hence, there is an urgent need for a simple and sensitive tool that can detect a large amount of Fe2+ in organisms. In this work, a highly specific fluorescent chemodosimeter NPCO ("NP" represents the naphthalimide fluorophore, and "CO" represents the carbamoyl oxime structure) for the detection of Fe2+ with excellent sensitivity (LOD = 82 nM) was constructed by incorporating a novel carbamoyl oxime structure as the recognition group. NPCO can be effectively employed for the detection of Fe2+ in food samples, living cells, and zebrafish. Furthermore, by using soybean sprouts as a model plant, the application of NPCO was expanded to detect Fe2+ in plants. Therefore, NPCO could be used as an excellent assay tool for detecting Fe2+ in organisms and is expected to be an important aid in exploring the mechanism of iron regulation.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Ferro , Oximas , Peixe-Zebra , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Animais , Ferro/análise , Ferro/química , Oximas/química
17.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400190, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38860451

RESUMO

Six low molecular weight fenugreek polysaccharides (FP) were isolated and purified by ethanol stepwise precipitation (EFP-20, EFP-40, and EFP-60) and DEAE-52 cellulose column method (DFP-0, DFP-0.15, and DFP-0.3), respectively. The effects of different separation and purification techniques on the preliminary properties and biological activities of fenugreek polysaccharides were compared. The results showed that the DEAE-52 cellulose-eluted fractions had a higher total sugar content and displayed a looser structure. The molecular weights of all six fractions were in the range of 4-19 kDa, with significant changes in the ratio of galactose to mannose. All six fractions contained α-D-galactopyranose and ß-D-mannopyranose structures. Activity tests showed that all six fractions possessed antioxidant, hypoglycemic and DNA-protective activities. Among them, the DFP-0 fraction showed the highest activity. Overall, different isolation and purification methods lead to changes in the properties and bioactivities of FP, which provides a theoretical basis for the development and application of FP in functional foods and drugs.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 474: 134785, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843634

RESUMO

Lake Nansi, primarily dominated by macrophytes, faces threats from heavy metals and antibiotics due to human activity. This study investigated sediment dissolved organic matter (SDOM) characteristics and complexation of lead (Pb) and tetracycline (TC) in barren zone (BZ) and submerged macrophytes zone (PZ). Additionally, a microbial degradation experiment was conducted to examine its impact on the regional variations in complexation. SDOM abundance and protein-like materials in PZ was significantly greater than in BZ, indicating a probable contribution from the metabolism and decomposition of submerged macrophytes. Both zones exhibited a higher affinity of SDOM for Pb compared to TC, with all four components participating in Pb complexation. Protein-like materials in PZ had a higher binding ability (LogKPb=4.19 ± 1.07, LogKTC=3.89 ± 0.67) than in BZ (LogKPb=3.98 ± 0.61, LogKTC=3.69 ± 0.13), suggesting a potential presence of organically bound Pb and TC due to the higher abundance of protein-like materials in PZ. Although microbial communities differed noticeably, the degradation patterns of SDOM were similar in both zones, affecting the binding ability of SDOM in each. Notably, the fulvic-like component C4 emerged as the dominant binding material for both Pb and TC in both zones. Degradation might increase the amount of organically bound TC due to the increase in the LogKTC.

19.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 157: 104826, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders significantly impact the job performance and quality of life of nursing personnel in China, necessitating an understanding of their prevalence and risk factors to enhance occupational health and improve medical safety. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical nurses in China. DESIGN: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A computerized search was conducted on databases, including the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wanfang Database, China Biomedical Literature Database, Weipu Database, Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL, covering studies from inception to February 28, 2024, addressing the risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical nursing professionals in China. The meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.4 and Stata 14 software. RESULTS: The analysis included 23 articles, involving a total of 21,042 cases, and revealed a prevalence rate of 79 % (95 % CI: 73 %-84 %) for work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical nursing staff in China. Subgroup analysis revealed that the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders was highest among those with length of service >15 years, at 87 %; the 31-40 age group had a higher prevalence than other age groups, at 85 %; female nurses exhibited a prevalence rate of 80 %, surpassing male nurses at 77 %, while surgical nurses had a higher prevalence rate (83 %) than those in other departments. The most affected body parts were the neck (58 %), waist (57 %), shoulders (49 %), and back (35 %). Identified risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical nurses in China included age >35 years (OR = 1.69, 95 % CI: 1.16-2.45), length of service ≥10 years (OR = 3.30, 95 % CI: 1.84-5.92), marital status (married) (OR = 2.19, 95 % CI: 1.91-2.50), heavy workload (OR = 2.46, 95 % CI: 1.25-4.83), weekly work hours >40 h (OR = 1.50, 95 % CI: 1.34-1.67), daily work hours >8 h (OR = 1.71, 95 % CI: 1.32-2.21), strong sense of work fatigue (OR = 1.47, 95 % CI: 1.22-1.76), and high night shift frequency (OR = 1.81, 95 % CI: 1.62-2.02). Regular physical exercise was found to be a protective factor (OR = 0.68, 95 % CI: 0.56-0.82). CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical nursing staff in China was 79 %. Age >35 years, length of service ≥10 years, marital status (married), heavy workload, weekly work hours >40 h, daily work hours >8 h, strong sense of work fatigue, and night shift frequency were identified as risk factors. Nursing administrators and staff can take proactive measures against the aforementioned factors to reduce the risk of illness and ensure the safety of medical care. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO: CRD42023479433.

20.
iScience ; 27(6): 109926, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832027

RESUMO

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and terminal exhausted T lymphocyte (ETL) activities crucially influence immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) response. Despite this, the efficacy of ETL and CTL transcriptomic signatures for response prediction remains limited. Investigating this across the TCGA and publicly available single-cell cohorts, we find a strong positive correlation between ETL and CTL expression signatures in most cancers. We hence posited that their limited predictability arises due to their mutually canceling effects on ICI response. Thus, we developed DETACH, a computational method to identify a gene set whose expression pinpoints to a subset of melanoma patients where the CTL and ETL correlation is low. DETACH enhances CTL's prediction accuracy, outperforming existing signatures. DETACH signature genes activity also demonstrates a positive correlation with lymphocyte infiltration and the prevalence of reactive T cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME), advancing our understanding of the CTL cell state within the TME.

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