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1.
Opt Lett ; 49(11): 3046-3049, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824324

RESUMO

Solid-state indirect time-of-flight (iToF) cameras are crucial to numerous short-to-medium-range applications, owing to their advantages in terms of system integrability and long-term reliability. However, due to the low light intensity, the sensing range of iToF cameras is generally limited to a few meters, which hinders their wide applications. Further increasing the sensing range requires not only higher-power laser diodes but also well-designed driver circuits, which are based on prior knowledge of the laser diodes' equivalent circuits (ECs). However, experimental studies on ECs of a mounted, high-power vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array that comprehensively incorporates all parasitic components, especially parasitic stemming from printed circuit boards (PCBs), remain absent. In this Letter, an 850 nm VCSEL array with a 15.3 W peak power and a 581 MHz bandwidth is fabricated, and more importantly, its EC is experimentally established. Leveraging the accurate EC, a compact iToF camera with a sensing range up to 11.50 m is designed. In addition, a modified precision model is proposed to better evaluate the iToF camera's performance.

2.
Food Chem ; 455: 139913, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824731

RESUMO

This study investigates the effectiveness of microwave-assisted hot air drying (MAHD) on corn drying process, water migration, dielectric properties, microstructure, and quality attributes. The research compares MAHD with conventional hot air drying (HAD), employing various microwave powers (1.2-3.6 kW) and hot air temperatures (35-55 °C). The results demonstrate that MAHD significantly reduces the drying time (by 30.95-64.29%) compared to HAD. Two-term model accurately describes the drying kinetics of corn. Microwave facilitated the transformation and more uniform distribution of water within the corn, observed through LF-NMR/MRI. Additionally, MAHD was effective in preserving the color and carotenoids, while reducing fat acidity, indicating better quality retention. Microstructure analysis revealed that MAHD increases microporosity and cracks in corn, which correlates with the observed enhancement in drying efficiency. These findings underscore the potential of MAHD as a superior method for drying corn, offering benefits in terms of reduced drying time and improved quality preservation.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13649, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871753

RESUMO

In modern tunnel construction, TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine) plays a very important role. In response to the needs of tunnel wall reinforcement and TBM automated construction for tunnel construction, a shotcrete mechanism mounted on the TBM is designed. In order to evaluate the kinematic performance of the mechanism, this paper studies the forward and inverse kinematics and spatial architecture of the TBM shotcrete robot. Firstly, based on the D-H parameter method, the number of joints and links is determined and structural analysis is performed to obtain the robot's forward kinematics equation, achieving the mapping between joint space and pose space. Then, by determining the joint variables, the mapping of the end tool in Cartesian space is achieved. Finally, based on the Monte Carlo random sampling method, the workspace of the robot is constructed, and its reachability and flexibility within the robot workspace are evaluated. The performance of the device is verified by building a prototype, which meets the requirements well. Through the research in this paper, it can provide theoretical basis and guidance for the design and control of the shotcrete robot.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(11)2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869594

RESUMO

Polarization-insensitive semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) in all-optical networks can improve the signal-light quality and transmission rate. Herein, to reduce the gain sensitivity to polarization, a multi-quantum-well SOA in the 1550 nm band is designed, simulated, and developed. The active region mainly comprises the quaternary compound InGaAlAs, as differences in the potential barriers and wells of the components cause lattice mismatch. Consequently, a strained quantum well is generated, providing the SOA with gain insensitivity to the polarization state of light. In simulations, the SOA with ridge widths of 4 µm, 5 µm, and 6 µm is investigated. A 3 dB gain bandwidth of >140 nm is achieved with a 4 µm ridge width, whereas a 6 µm ridge width provides more output power and gain. The saturated output power is 150 mW (21.76 dB gain) at an input power of 0 dBm but increases to 233 mW (13.67 dB gain) at an input power of 10 dBm. The polarization sensitivity is <3 dBm at -20 dBm. This design, which achieves low polarization sensitivity, a wide gain bandwidth, and high gain, will be applicable in a wide range of fields following further optimization.

5.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 336, 2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880905

RESUMO

Oxygen is necessary for life and plays a key pivotal in maintaining normal physiological functions and treat of diseases. Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) have been studied and developed as a replacement for red blood cells (RBCs) in oxygen transport due to their similar oxygen-carrying capacities. However, applications of HBOCs are hindered by vasoactivity, oxidative toxicity, and a relatively short circulatory half-life. With advancements in nanotechnology, Hb encapsulation, absorption, bioconjugation, entrapment, and attachment to nanomaterials have been used to prepare nanomaterial-related HBOCs to address these challenges and pend their application in several biomedical and therapeutic contexts. This review focuses on the progress of this class of nanomaterial-related HBOCs in the fields of hemorrhagic shock, ischemic stroke, cancer, and wound healing, and speculates on future research directions. The advancements in nanomaterial-related HBOCs are expected to lead significant breakthroughs in blood substitutes, enabling their widespread use in the treatment of clinical diseases.


Assuntos
Substitutos Sanguíneos , Hemoglobinas , Lipossomos , Nanoestruturas , Oxigênio , Humanos , Hemoglobinas/química , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Substitutos Sanguíneos/química , Oxigênio/química , Animais , Nanoestruturas/química , Lipossomos/química , Nanocápsulas/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Choque Hemorrágico/tratamento farmacológico
6.
J Food Sci ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865253

RESUMO

Food analysis is significantly important in monitoring food quality and safety for human health. Traditional methods for food detection mainly rely on benchtop instruments and require a certain amount of analysis time, which promotes the development of portable sensors. Portable sensing methods own many advantages over traditional techniques such as flexibility and accessibility in diverse environments, real-time monitoring, cost-effectiveness, and rapid deployment. This review focuses on the portable approaches based on carbon dots (CDs) for food analysis. CDs are zero-dimensional carbon-based material with a size of less than 10 nm. In the manner of sensing, CDs exhibit rich functional groups, low biotoxicity, good biocompatibility, and excellent optical properties. Furthermore, there are many methods for the synthesis of CDs using various precursor materials. The incorporation of CDs into food science and engineering for enhancing food safety control and risk assessment shows promising prospects.

7.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 10: e2065, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855206

RESUMO

Emotion recognition utilizing EEG signals has emerged as a pivotal component of human-computer interaction. In recent years, with the relentless advancement of deep learning techniques, using deep learning for analyzing EEG signals has assumed a prominent role in emotion recognition. Applying deep learning in the context of EEG-based emotion recognition carries profound practical implications. Although many model approaches and some review articles have scrutinized this domain, they have yet to undergo a comprehensive and precise classification and summarization process. The existing classifications are somewhat coarse, with insufficient attention given to the potential applications within this domain. Therefore, this article systematically classifies recent developments in EEG-based emotion recognition, providing researchers with a lucid understanding of this field's various trajectories and methodologies. Additionally, it elucidates why distinct directions necessitate distinct modeling approaches. In conclusion, this article synthesizes and dissects the practical significance of EEG signals in emotion recognition, emphasizing its promising avenues for future application.

8.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e31639, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831834

RESUMO

Stem cells have been documented as a new therapeutic method for ovarian injuries such as premature ovarian failure (POF). However, effects of exosomes (Exos) derived from human endometrial stem cells (EnSCs) on diminished ovarian failure remain to be carefully elucidated. Our study aims to investigate the mechanisms of EnSC-Exos in the recovery of the cisplatin-induced granulosa cell injury model in vitro or POF mouses model in vivo and whether the Hippo signaling pathway is involved in the regulation. In this study, we established successful construction of the cisplatin-induced granulosa cell injury model and evaluated Hippo signaling pathway activation in cisplatin-damaged granulosa cells (GCs). Furthermore, laser scanning confocal microscope and immunofluorescence demonstrated that EnSC-Exos can be transferred to cisplatin-damaged GCs to decrease apoptosis. In addition, the enhanced expression of YAP at the protein level as well as YAP/TEAD target genes, such as CTGF, ANKRD1, and the increase of YAP into the nucleus in immunofluorescence staining after the addition of EnSC-Exos to cisplatin-damaged GCs confirmed the suppression of Hippo signaling pathway. While in vivo, EnSC-Exos successfully remedied POF in a mouse model. Collectively, our findings suggest that chemotherapy-induced POF was associated with the activating of Hippo signaling pathway. Human EnSC-Exos significantly elevated the proliferation of ovarian GCs and the ovarian function by regulating Hippo signaling pathway. These findings provide new insights for further understanding of EnSC-Exos in the recovery of ovary function.

9.
Transl Psychiatry ; 14(1): 210, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802393

RESUMO

Atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) are primary medications for schizophrenia (SZ). However, their use is frequently associated with the development of adverse metabolic effects, and the mechanisms behind these negative effects remain inadequately elucidated. To investigate the role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in regulating antipsychotic-induced metabolic abnormalities, between 2017 and 2020, a cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 142 healthy individuals and 388 SZ patients undergoing treatment with either typical antipsychotic (TAP) or AAP medications. Symptoms of SZ patients were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and measurements of metabolic indices and plasma MIF levels were performed on all individuals. A significant increase in plasma MIF levels was observed in groups receiving five major AAP monotherapies in comparison to healthy controls (all p < 0.0001). There was no such increase shown in the group receiving TAP treatment (p > 0.05). Elevated plasma MIF levels displayed a notable correlation with insulin resistance (ß = 0.024, p = 0.020), as well as with the levels of triglycerides (ß = 0.019, p = 0.001) and total cholesterol (ß = 0.012, p = 0.038) in the groups receiving AAPs. However, while the TAP group also displayed certain metabolic dysfunction compared to healthy controls, no significant association was evident with plasma MIF levels (all p > 0.05). In conclusion, plasma MIF levels exhibit a distinctive correlation with metabolic abnormalities triggered by AAPs. Hence, there is potential for further development of MIF as a distinctive marker for monitoring adverse metabolic effects induced by AAPs in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/sangue , Masculino , Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Adulto , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resistência à Insulina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Triglicerídeos/sangue
10.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 18(2): 178-187, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723775

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiation-induced dermatitis (RD) is a common side-effect of therapeutic ionizing radiation that can severely affect patient quality of life. This study aimed to develop a risk prediction model for the occurrence of RD in patients with cervical carcinoma undergoing chemoradiotherapy using electronic medical records (EMRs). METHODS: Using EMRs, the clinical data of patients who underwent simultaneous radiotherapy and chemotherapy at a tertiary cancer hospital between 2017 and 2022 were retrospectively collected, and the patients were divided into two groups: a training group and a validation group. A predictive model was constructed to predict the development of RD in patients who underwent concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cervical cancer. Finally, the model's efficacy was validated using a receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: The incidence of radiation dermatitis was 89.5% (560/626) in the entire cohort, 88.6% (388/438) in the training group, and 91.5% (172/188) in the experimental group. The nomogram was established based on the following factors: age, the days between the beginning and conclusion of radiotherapy, the serum albumin after chemoradiotherapy, the use of single or multiple drugs for concurrent chemotherapy, and the total dose of afterloading radiotherapy. Internal and external verification indicated that the model had good discriminatory ability. Overall, the model achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of .66. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of RD in patients with cervical carcinoma undergoing chemoradiotherapy is high. A risk prediction model can be developed for RD in cervical carcinoma patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy, based on over 5 years of EMR data from a tertiary cancer hospital.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Idoso , Radiodermite/etiologia , Medição de Risco , Nomogramas , Fatores de Risco
11.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating histones are released by extensive tissue injury or cell death and play important pathogenic roles in critical illnesses. Their interaction with circulating plasma components and the potential roles in the clinical setting are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize the interaction of histones with fibrinogen and explore its roles in vitro, in vivo, and in patient samples. METHODS: Histone-fibrinogen binding was assessed by electrophoresis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based affinity assay. Functional significance was explored using washed platelets and endothelial cells in vitro and histone-infusion mouse models in vivo. To determine clinical translatability, a retrospective single-center cohort study was conducted on patients requiring intensive care admission (n = 199) and validated in a cohort of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 (n = 69). RESULTS: Fibrinogen binds histones through its D-domain with high affinity (calf thymus histones, KD = 18.0 ± 5.6 nM; histone 3, KD = 2.7 ± 0.8 nM; and histone 4, KD = 2.0 ± 0.7 nM) and significantly reduces histone-induced endothelial damage and platelet aggregation in vitro and in vivo in a histone-infusion mouse model. Physiologic concentrations of fibrinogen can neutralize low levels of circulating histones and increase the cytotoxicity threshold of histones to 50 µg/mL. In a cohort of patients requiring intensive care, a histone:fibrinogen ratio of ≥6 on admission was associated with moderate-severe thrombocytopenia and independently predicted mortality. This finding was validated in a cohort of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Fibrinogen buffers the cytotoxic properties of circulating histones. Detection and monitoring of circulating histones and histone:fibrinogen ratios will help identify critically ill patients at highest risk of adverse outcomes who might benefit from antihistone therapy.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 354: 124170, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759748

RESUMO

A total of 138 samples including urban soil, surface dust, atmospheric dustfall, and commercial food were collected from the semi-arid industrial city of Lanzhou in Northwest China, and 22 phthalate esters (PAEs) were analyzed in these samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the pollution characteristics, potential sources, and combined exposure risks of PAEs. The results showed that the total concentration of 22 PAEs (Æ©22PAEs) presented surface dust (4.94 × 104 ng/g) â‰« dustfall (1.56 × 104 ng/g) â‰« food (2.14 × 103 ng/g) â‰« urban soil (533 ng/g). Di-n-butyl phthalate (DNBP), di-isobutyl phthalate, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and di-isononyl phthalate/di-isodecyl phthalate were predominant in the environmental media and commercial food, being controlled by priority (52.1%-65.5%) and non-priority (62.1%) PAEs, respectively. Elevated Æ©22PAEs in the urban soil and surface dust was found in the west, middle, and east of Lanzhou. Principal component analysis indicated that PAEs the urban soil and surface dust were related with the emissions of products containing PAEs, atmosphere depositions, and traffic and industrial emissions. PAEs in the foods were associated with the growth and processing environment. The health risk assessment of United States Environmental Protection Agency based on the Chinese population exposure parameters indicated that the total exposure dose of 22 PAEs was from 0.111 to 0.226 mg/kg/day, which were above the reference dose (0.02 mg/kg/day) and tolerable daily intake (TDI, 0.05 mg/kg/day) for DEHP (0.0333-0.0631 mg/kg/day), and TDI (0.01 mg/kg/day) for DNBP (0.0213-0.0405 mg/kg/day), implying that the exposure of PAEs via multi-media should not be ignored; the total non-carcinogenic risk of six priority PAEs was below 1 for the three environmental media (1.21 × 10-5-2.90 × 10-3), while close to 1 for food (4.74 × 10-1-8.76 × 10-1), suggesting a potential non-carcinogenic risk of human exposure to PAEs in food; the total carcinogenic risk of BBP and DEHP was below 1 × 10-6 for the three environmental media (9.13 × 10-10-5.72 × 10-7), while above 1 × 10-4 for DEHP in food (1.02 × 10-4), suggesting a significantly carcinogenic risk of human exposure to DEHP in food. The current research results can provide certain supports for pollution and risk prevention of PAEs.


Assuntos
Poeira , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ésteres , Ácidos Ftálicos , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , China , Poeira/análise , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Ésteres/análise , Cidades , Humanos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 246: 116252, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788622

RESUMO

Balanophora harlandii Hook (B. harlandii), a folk medicine, has been traditionally employed to treat traumatic bleeding, gastroenteritis, icteric hepatitis, hemorrhoids, and other conditions. In this work, polysaccharides with anti-inflammatory effects were extracted from B. harlandii and purified. The extraction conditions were optimized, and the properties of one purified neutral fraction, denoted as BHPs-W-S3, were analyzed. BHPs-W-S3 has a molecular weight of 14.1 kDa, and its three main monosaccharides are glucose, galactose, and xylose, with a molar ratio of 6.4:1.7:1.1. Its main chain consists of →6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →4,6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →6)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, →3,6)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, and it has branch chains at the O-4 and/or O-3 positions. In addition, in vitro experiments showed that the polysaccharides from B. harlandi can decrease the phosphorylation level of p65 and IκBα in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells to reduce the expression of the pro-inflammatory genes such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Polissacarídeos , Camundongos , Animais , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7 , Peso Molecular , Balanophoraceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(9)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727381

RESUMO

Broad-area lasers (BALs) have found applications in a variety of crucial fields on account of their high output power and high energy transfer efficiency. However, they suffer from poor spatial beam quality due to multi-mode behavior along the waveguide transverse direction. In this paper, we propose a novel metasurface waveguide structure acting as a transverse mode selective back-reflector for BALs. In order to effectively inverse design such a structure, a digital adjoint algorithm is introduced to adapt the considerably large design area and the high degree of freedom. As a proof of the concept, a device structure with a design area of 40 × 20 µm2 is investigated. The simulation results exhibit high fundamental mode reflection (above 90%), while higher-order transverse mode reflections are suppressed below 0.2%. This is, to our knowledge, the largest device structure designed based on the inverse method. We exploited such a device and the method and further investigated the device's robustness and feasibility of the inverse method. The results are elaborately discussed.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403241, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710651

RESUMO

Exocytosis involving the fusion of intracellular vesicles with cell membrane, is thought to be modulated by the mechanical cues in the microenvironment. Single-cell electrochemistry can offer unique information about the quantification and kinetics of exocytotic events; however, the effects of mechanical force on vesicular release have been poorly explored. Herein, we developed a stretchable microelectrode with excellent electrochemical stability under mechanical deformation by microfabrication of functionalized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) conductive ink, which achieved real-time quantitation of strain-induced vesicular exocytosis from a single cell for the first time. We found that mechanical strain could cause calcium influx via the activation of Piezo1 channels in chromaffin cell, initiating the vesicular exocytosis process. Interestingly, mechanical strain increases the amount of catecholamines released by accelerating the opening and prolonging the closing of fusion pore during exocytosis. This work is expected to provide revealing insights into the regulatory effects of mechanical stimuli on vesicular exocytosis.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 671: 154-164, 2024 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797141

RESUMO

Although various conductive hydrogels have been developed for sensing, ideal materials for meeting the safety and toughness requirements of food detection are still lacking. This study introduces Ion-SSPB, a conductive hydrogel fabricated from eco-friendly, food-grade materials such as corn starch (CS), sodium alginate (SA), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and bentonite (BT). It leverages a green manufacturing approach designed for application in electronic food sensors. The hydrogel is achieved through a double network strategy and salt immersion method, which endows it with tunable mechanical and rheological properties. A key innovation of Ion-SSPB is the incorporation of bentonite, which enhances its performance, including low swelling, freezing resistance, and minimal residual adhesion. The hydrogel with 4% (w/v) BT concentration (Ion-SSPB4%) is an effective medium for detecting impedance changes in mangoes, correlating with their ripening stages. The Ion-SSPB hydrogel represents a significant advancement in the field of electronic food labels, combining environmental sustainability with technical efficacy.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Hidrogéis , Hidrogéis/química , Alginatos/química , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Bentonita/química , Amido/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Química Verde
17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 134: 112218, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an increasingly important role in various autoimmune diseases. We aimed to characterize the expression profiles of lncRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from RA patients and to assess the potential of these lncRNAs as RA biomarkers. METHODS: Whole-transcriptome sequencing was used to establish a lncRNA expression profile. A total of 155 RA patients, 145 healthy controls, 59 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and 59 primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients were recruited for this study. Four candidate lncRNAs (linc00152, lnc-ADM-1, ITSN1-2, and lnc-FTH1-7) were validated via qRT-PCR in independent samples, and their expression, association with RA clinical features and value as RA biomarkers were evaluated. RESULTS: Linc00152 and lnc-ADM-1 exhibited upregulated expression (p = 0.001, p = 0.014, respectively), while ITSN1-2 and lnc-FTH1-7 exhibited downregulated expression (both p < 0.001, respectively) in RA patients compared to controls. Lnc-ADM-1 and lnc-FTH1-7 expression correlated positively with the C4 level (p = 0.016 and p = 0.012, respectively). ITSN1-2 levels were negatively associated with CRP levels (p = 0.024). Linc00152, lnc-ADM-1, ITSN1-2, and lnc-FTH1-7 showed potential as RA biomarkers, with the four-lncRNA panel distinguishing RA patients from controls, SLE patients, or pSS patients (AUC = 0.886, 0.746, and 0.749, respectively). CONCLUSION: The altered expression of linc00152, lnc-ADM-1, ITSN1-2 and lnc-FTH1-7 in RA patients suggested that these genes may serve as potential biomarkers for RA and could be involved in its pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Biomarcadores , Leucócitos Mononucleares , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Feminino , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/genética , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Idoso
18.
Neurology ; 102(11): e209351, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of neurologic disability in young adults, but the burden caused by MS in China is lacking. We aimed to comprehensively describe the prevalence and health loss due to MS by demographic and geographical variables from 1990 to 2019 across China. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019). We used GBD methodology to systematically analyze the prevalence, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), years of life lost (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to MS by age, sex, and location from 1990 to 2019 in mainland China and its provinces. We also compared the MS burden in China with the world and other Group of 20 (G20) countries. RESULTS: In 2019, 42,571 (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 33,001-53,329) individuals in China had MS, which doubled from 1990. The age-standardized prevalence rate of MS was 2.32 per 100,000 (95% UI 1.78-2.91), which increased by 23.31% (95% UI 20.50-25.89) from 1990, with most of the growth occurring after 2010. There was a positive latitudinal gradient with the increasing prevalence from south to north across China. The total DALYs caused by MS were 71,439 (95% UI 58,360-92,254) in 2019, ranking China third among G20 countries. Most of the MS burden in China derived from premature mortality, with the higher fraction of YLLs than that at the global level and most other G20 countries. From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized DALY and YLL rate had nonsignificant changes; however, the age-standardized YLD rate substantially increased by 23.33% (95% UI 20.50-25.89). The geographic distribution of MS burden varied at the provincial level in China, with a slight downward trend in the age-standardized DALY rates along with increasing Socio-Demographic Index over the study period. DISCUSSION: Although China has a low risk of MS, the substantial and increasing prevalent cases should not be underestimated. The high burden due to premature death and geographic disparity of MS burden reveals insufficient management of MS in China, highlighting the needs for increased awareness and effective intervention.


Assuntos
Carga Global da Doença , Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Deficiência , Idoso , Adolescente , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
19.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 46: 101083, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745972

RESUMO

Background: Despite emerging studies suggesting that occupational physical activity (OPA) might be harmful to health, the available evidence is not definitive. Most of these research studies were conducted in high-income Western countries or in urbanized setting. In China, where over one-third of the population resides in rural area, the impact of OPA on health is not well understood. The goal of this study is to investigate how the association between OPA and mortality vary by urban-rural settings. Methods: Baseline data on OPA was gathered using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire from 30,650 urban and 49,674 rural working adults as part of the 2013-2014 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. Participants were followed for a median of 6.2 years, and death records were retrieved from the National Mortality Surveillance System until December 31, 2019. The multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine urban-rural differences in the association between OPA and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Subgroup analyses were performed by sex, socioeconomic status, leisure time, transportation, and non-occupational physical activity. Findings: During the study period, 1342 deaths were recorded, of which 426 were caused by CVD. In rural area, working adults engaging in occupational moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for ≥40 h per week, compared to those without any, had an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.60 (95% CI: 0.49-0.73) for all-cause mortality and 0.55 (95% CI: 0.37-0.83) for CVD mortality. However, no significant association was found in urban area (0.84 [0.61-1.15] for all-cause mortality, Pinteraction = 0.036; and 0.94 [0.53-1.66] for CVD mortality, Pinteraction = 0.098). The negative associations of occupational MVPA with mortality were more pronounced in women, non-smokers, and those with less non-occupational physical activities. Hypertension, heart rate, and diabetes were important contributors to the relationship between occupational MVPA and mortality. Interpretation: The findings from the current study did not support the notion that high levels of OPA would induce harm. On the contrary, in rural setting, higher levels of OPA were associated with lower mortality risks. Furthermore, the observed urban-rural differences in the association between OPA and mortality underscored the need for context-specific public health guidelines on physical activities. Funding: R&D Program of Beijing Municipal Education Commission (KM202210025026),National Key Research and Development Program of China (2021YFC2500201), and Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by BAST (BYESS2023385).

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