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1.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 46(6): 4129-4146, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713562

RESUMO

Visual object tracking often employs a multi-stage pipeline of feature extraction, target information integration, and bounding box estimation. To simplify this pipeline and unify the process of feature extraction and target information integration, in this paper, we present a compact tracking framework, termed as MixFormer, built upon transformers. Our core design is to utilize the flexibility of attention operations, and we propose a Mixed Attention Module (MAM) for simultaneous feature extraction and target information integration. This synchronous modeling scheme allows us to extract target-specific discriminative features and perform extensive communication between target and search area. Based on MAM, we build our MixFormer trackers simply by stacking multiple MAMs and placing a localization head on top. Specifically, we instantiate two types of MixFormer trackers, a hierarchical tracker MixCvT, and a non-hierarchical simple tracker MixViT. For these two trackers, we investigate a series of pre-training methods and uncover the different behaviors between supervised pre-training and self-supervised pre-training in our MixFormer trackers. We also extend the masked autoencoder pre-training to our MixFormer trackers and design the new competitive TrackMAE pre-training technique. Finally, to handle multiple target templates during online tracking, we devise an asymmetric attention scheme in MAM to reduce computational cost, and propose an effective score prediction module to select high-quality templates. Our MixFormer trackers set a new state-of-the-art performance on seven tracking benchmarks, including LaSOT, TrackingNet, VOT2020, GOT-10 k, OTB100, TOTB and UAV123. In particular, our MixViT-L achieves AUC scores of 73.3% on LaSOT, 86.1% on TrackingNet and 82.8% on TOTB.

2.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 46: 101083, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745972

RESUMO

Background: Despite emerging studies suggesting that occupational physical activity (OPA) might be harmful to health, the available evidence is not definitive. Most of these research studies were conducted in high-income Western countries or in urbanized setting. In China, where over one-third of the population resides in rural area, the impact of OPA on health is not well understood. The goal of this study is to investigate how the association between OPA and mortality vary by urban-rural settings. Methods: Baseline data on OPA was gathered using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire from 30,650 urban and 49,674 rural working adults as part of the 2013-2014 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. Participants were followed for a median of 6.2 years, and death records were retrieved from the National Mortality Surveillance System until December 31, 2019. The multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine urban-rural differences in the association between OPA and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Subgroup analyses were performed by sex, socioeconomic status, leisure time, transportation, and non-occupational physical activity. Findings: During the study period, 1342 deaths were recorded, of which 426 were caused by CVD. In rural area, working adults engaging in occupational moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for ≥40 h per week, compared to those without any, had an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.60 (95% CI: 0.49-0.73) for all-cause mortality and 0.55 (95% CI: 0.37-0.83) for CVD mortality. However, no significant association was found in urban area (0.84 [0.61-1.15] for all-cause mortality, Pinteraction = 0.036; and 0.94 [0.53-1.66] for CVD mortality, Pinteraction = 0.098). The negative associations of occupational MVPA with mortality were more pronounced in women, non-smokers, and those with less non-occupational physical activities. Hypertension, heart rate, and diabetes were important contributors to the relationship between occupational MVPA and mortality. Interpretation: The findings from the current study did not support the notion that high levels of OPA would induce harm. On the contrary, in rural setting, higher levels of OPA were associated with lower mortality risks. Furthermore, the observed urban-rural differences in the association between OPA and mortality underscored the need for context-specific public health guidelines on physical activities. Funding: R&D Program of Beijing Municipal Education Commission (KM202210025026),National Key Research and Development Program of China (2021YFC2500201), and Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by BAST (BYESS2023385).

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1344644, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716417

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of the double-guidewire technique along with other methods (persistent standard cannulation techniques, transpancreatic sphincterotomy, and pancreatic stent-assisted technique) for difficult biliary cannulation. Methods: Two researchers searched for literature on the efficacy and safety of the double-guidewire technique and other techniques in difficult biliary cannulation in databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The success rate of cannulation, duration of cannulation, post-ERCP pancreatitis, and overall postoperative complications were also analyzed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results: In total, 20 randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies involving 2008 participants were identified. The success rate of cannulation in the double-guidewire technique was much higher than that in persistent standard cannulation techniques [RR = 1.37, 95%CI (1.05, 1.79), p = 0.02]. However, it was lower than the success rate observed with transpancreatic sphincterotomy [RR = 0.89, 95%CI (0.81, 0.97), p = 0.01]. There was no significance in post-ERCP pancreatitis [RR = 1.09, 95% CI (0.85, 1.40), p = 0.49], overall postoperative complications [RR = 0.90, 95% CI (0.56, 1.45), p = 0.66], and duration of cannulation [SMD = -0.14, 95%C I (-1.43, 1.15), p = 0.83] between the double-guidewire technique and other techniques. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the success rate of cannulation ranged from transpancreatic sphincterotomy to the double-guidewire technique and then to persistent standard cannulation techniques.

4.
Org Lett ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727243

RESUMO

By using cyclic (vinyl triflate)iodonium salts, a novel triple Suzuki-Miyaura reaction was accomplished for the synthesis of polyaromatic ethylene derivatives in the presence of palladium catalysts. The reaction exhibits extensive compatibility with a wide range of readily available arylboronic acids, giving triaryl-substituted ethylenes in good yields.

5.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 488, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734729

RESUMO

Domesticated herbivores are an important agricultural resource that play a critical role in global food security, particularly as they can adapt to varied environments, including marginal lands. An understanding of the molecular basis of their biology would contribute to better management and sustainable production. Thus, we conducted transcriptome sequencing of 100 to 105 tissues from two females of each of seven species of herbivore (cattle, sheep, goats, sika deer, horses, donkeys, and rabbits) including two breeds of sheep. The quality of raw and trimmed reads was assessed in terms of base quality, GC content, duplication sequence rate, overrepresented k-mers, and quality score distribution with FastQC. The high-quality filtered RNA-seq raw reads were deposited in a public database which provides approximately 54 billion high-quality paired-end sequencing reads in total, with an average mapping rate of ~93.92%. Transcriptome databases represent valuable resources that can be used to study patterns of gene expression, and pathways that are related to key biological processes, including important economic traits in herbivores.


Assuntos
Herbivoria , Transcriptoma , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Feminino , Coelhos/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Cervos/genética , Equidae/genética , Cabras/genética , Cavalos/genética , Ovinos/genética
6.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(18): 401-407, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737479

RESUMO

Introduction: This research investigates trends pertaining to the prevalence of low fruit and vegetable consumption among the labor force population in China. The study considered data derived from four nationally representative cross-sectional surveys. Methods: The data under review for this study was derived from the China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance (CCDRFS) carried out in 2010, 2013, 2015, and 2018, correspondingly. We utilized a food frequency questionnaire to evaluate the quantity and frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption. The estimated prevalence of low fruit and vegetable consumption was calculated for each survey, while considering factors such as sex, age, location, and socioeconomic status (SES). Participants' SES was ascertained via latent class analysis, serving to identify distinct classes based on criteria such as education, occupation, and household income per capita. Logistic regression was deployed to determine the statistical significance of trends. Results: From 2010 to 2018, there was a notable increase in the average daily consumption of vegetables and fruits among the working population, rising from 418.6 g/day to 491.8 g/day (P<0.01 for trend). During the same period, the prevalence of low fruit and vegetable intake declined from 51.1% to 43.5% [P<0.001 for trend; -1.6% average annual percent change (AAPC)]. This downward trend was prevalent across genders, however, certain subgroups of adults (e.g., those living in rural areas or those of low SES) saw stable consumption levels throughout this period (P>0.05 for trend). Conclusion: Over the past nine years, there has been a notable decline in the prevalence of low fruit and vegetable consumption among the labor force population in China. Moreover, the comparatively deficient intake of fruits and vegetables evident among individuals of lower SES warrants further attention.

7.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 20: 841-851, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655558

RESUMO

Cyclic annulation involving diaryliodonium salts is an efficient tool for the construction of two or more chemical bonds in a one-pot process. Ortho-functionalized diaryliodonium salts have showcased distinct reactivity in the exploration of benzocyclization or arylocyclization. With this strategy of ortho-ester-substituted diaryliodonium salts, herein, we utilized a copper catalyst to activate the C-I bond of diaryliodonium salts in the generation of aryl radicals, thus resulting in an annulation reaction with naphthols and substituted phenols. This approach yielded a diverse array of 3,4-benzocoumarin derivatives bearing various substituents.

8.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 10(4)2024 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667969

RESUMO

Fusarium crown rot (FCR) in wheat is a prevalent soil-borne disease worldwide and poses a significant threat to the production of wheat (Triticum aestivum) in China, with F. pseudograminearum being the dominant pathogen. Currently, there is a shortage of biocontrol resources to control FCR induced by F. pseudograminearum, along with biocontrol mechanisms. In this study, we have identified 37 strains of biocontrol bacteria displaying antagonistic effects against F. pseudograminearum from over 8000 single colonies isolated from soil samples with a high incidence of FCR. Among them, QY43 exhibited remarkable efficacy in controlling FCR. Further analysis identified the isolate QY43 as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, based on its colony morphology and molecular biology. In vitro, QY43 significantly inhibited the growth, conidial germination, and the pathogenicity of F. pseudograminearum. In addition, QY43 exhibited a broad spectrum of antagonistic activities against several plant pathogens. The genomics analysis revealed that there are genes encoding potential biocontrol factors in the genome of QY43. The experimental results confirmed that QY43 secretes biocontrol factor siderophores and pyocyanin. In summary, QY43 exhibits a broad spectrum of antagonistic activities and the capacity to produce diverse biocontrol factors, thereby showing substantial potential for biocontrol applications to plant disease.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619959

RESUMO

Unsupervised feature selection is an important tool in data mining, machine learning, and pattern recognition. Although data labels are often missing, the number of data classes can be known and exploited in many scenarios. Therefore, a structured graph, whose number of connected components is identical to the number of data classes, has been proposed and is frequently applied in unsupervised feature selection. However, methods based on the structured graph learning face two problems. First, their structured graphs are not always guaranteed to maintain the same number of connected components as the data classes with existing optimization algorithms. Second, they usually lack strategies for choosing moderate hyperparameters. To solve these problems, an efficient and stable unsupervised feature selection method based on a novel structured graph and data discrepancy learning (ESUFS) is proposed. Specifically, the novel structured graph, consisting of a pairwise data similarity matrix and an indicator matrix, can be efficiently learned by solving a discrete optimization problem. Data discrepancy learning focuses on features that maximize the difference among data and helps in selecting discriminative features. Extensive experiments conducted on various datasets show that ESUFS outperforms state-of-the-art methods not only in accuracy (ACC) but also in stability and speed.

10.
Foods ; 13(8)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38672918

RESUMO

A reliable strategy for improving the stability and shelf life of protein-stabilized systems is by covalently attaching the protein onto a polysaccharide. In this study, ovalbumin (OVA) was modified with dextran (DEX) of different molecular weights by the Maillard reaction, and was used to enhance the stability of emulsions loaded with resveratrol. The surface hydrophobicity, thermal stability, and FT-IR spectroscopy of the OVA-DEX conjugates were evaluated. The results showed that the surface hydrophobicity of OVA decreased, while the thermal stability of OVA was significantly improved after DEX covalent modification. The OVA-DEX1k-stabilized emulsion exhibited high encapsulation efficiency of resveratrol, with the value of 89.0%. In addition, OVA-DEX was considerably more effective in droplet stabilization against different environmental stresses (heat, pH, and ionic strength). After 28 days of storage at 25 °C, the OVA-stabilized emulsion showed faster decomposition of resveratrol, whereas the OVA-DEX-conjugate-stabilized emulsion had approximately 73% retention of resveratrol. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of resveratrol-loaded emulsions stabilized by OVA-DEX was higher during storage under different temperatures. These results proved that the OVA-DEX conjugates had the potential to form stable, food-grade emulsion-based delivery systems against environmental stresses, which strongly supports their potential in the field of food and biomedical applications.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598384

RESUMO

Traditional video action detectors typically adopt the two-stage pipeline, where a person detector is first employed to generate actor boxes and then 3D RoIAlign is used to extract actor-specific features for classification. This detection paradigm requires multi-stage training and inference, and the feature sampling is constrained inside the box, failing to effectively leverage richer context information outside. Recently, a few query-based action detectors have been proposed to predict action instances in an end-to-end manner. However, they still lack adaptability in feature sampling and decoding, thus suffering from the issues of inferior performance or slower convergence. In this paper, we propose two core designs for a more flexible one-stage sparse action detector. First, we present a query-based adaptive feature sampling module, which endows the detector with the flexibility of mining a group of discriminative features from the entire spatio-temporal domain. Second, we devise a decoupled feature mixing module, which dynamically attends to and mixes video features along the spatial and temporal dimensions respectively for better feature decoding. Based on these designs, we instantiate two detection pipelines, that is, STMixer-K for keyframe action detection and STMixer-T for action tubelet detection. Without bells and whistles, our STMixer detectors obtain state-of-the-art results on five challenging spatio-temporal action detection benchmarks for keyframe action detection or action tube detection.

13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1349397, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533382

RESUMO

Background: Graves' disease (GD), characterized by immune aberration, is associated with gut dysbiosis. Despite the growing interest, substantial evidence detailing the precise impact of gut microbiota on GD's autoimmune processes remains exceedingly rare. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the influence of gut microbiota on immune dysregulation in GD. Methods: It encompassed 52 GD patients and 45 healthy controls (HCs), employing flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to examine lymphocyte and cytokine profiles, alongside lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels. Gut microbiota profiles and metabolic features were assessed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and targeted metabolomics. Results: Our observations revealed a disturbed B-cell distribution and elevated LPS and pro-inflammatory cytokines in GD patients compared to HCs. Significant differences in gut microbiota composition and a marked deficit in short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria, including ASV263(Bacteroides), ASV1451(Dialister), and ASV503(Coprococcus), were observed in GD patients. These specific bacteria and SCFAs showed correlations with thyroid autoantibodies, B-cell subsets, and cytokine levels. In vitro studies further showed that LPS notably caused B-cell subsets imbalance, reducing conventional memory B cells while increasing naïve B cells. Additionally, acetate combined with propionate and butyrate showcased immunoregulatory functions, diminishing cytokine production in LPS-stimulated cells. Conclusion: Overall, our results highlight the role of gut dysbiosis in contributing to immune dysregulation in GD by affecting lymphocyte status and cytokine production.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doença de Graves , Humanos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Disbiose/complicações , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos , Doença de Graves/complicações , Bactérias/genética , Citocinas
14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1356197, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533385

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the composition of ocular surface microbiota in patients with obesity. Methods: This case-control study, spanning from November 2020 to March 2021 at Henan Provincial People's Hospital, involved 35 patients with obesity and an equivalent number of age and gender-matched healthy controls. By employing 16S rRNA sequencing, this study analyzed the differences in ocular surface microbiota between the two groups. The functional prediction analysis of the ocular surface microbiota was conducted using PICRUSt2. Results: The alpha diversity showed no notable differences in the richness or evenness of the ocular surface microbiota when comparing patients with obesity to healthy controls (Shannon index, P=0.1003). However, beta diversity highlighted significant variances in the microbiota composition of these two groups (ANOSIM, P=0.005). LEfSe analysis revealed that the relative abundances of Delftia, Cutibacterium, Aquabacterium, Acidovorax, Caulobacteraceae unclassified, Comamonas and Porphyromonas in patients with obesity were significantly increased (P<0.05). Predictive analysis using PICRUSt2 highlighted a significant enhancement in certain metabolic pathways in patients with obesity, notably xenobiotics metabolism via cytochrome P450 (CYP450), lipid metabolism, and the oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling pathway (P<0.05). Conclusions: Patients with obesity exhibit a distinct ocular surface core microbiome. The observed variations in this microbiome may correlate with increased activity in CYP450, changes in lipid metabolism, and alterations in NOD-like receptor signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Olho , Microbiota , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Obesidade
15.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542929

RESUMO

The oral delivery strategy of natural anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agents has attracted great attention to improve the effectiveness of ulcerative colitis (UC) treatment. Herein, we developed a novel orally deliverable nanoparticle, carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC)-modified astaxanthin (AXT)-loaded nanoparticles (CMC-AXT-NPs), for UC treatment. The CMC-AXT-NPs were evaluated by appearance, morphology, particle size, ζ-potential, and encapsulation efficiency (EE). The results showed that CMC-AXT-NPs were nearly spherical in shape with a particle size of 34.5 nm and ζ-potential of -30.8 mV, and the EE of CMC-AXT-NPs was as high as 95.03%. The CMC-AXT-NPs exhibited preferable storage stability over time and well-controlled drug-release properties in simulated intestinal fluid. Additionally, in vitro studies revealed that CMC-AXT-NPs remarkably inhibited cytotoxicity induced by LPS and demonstrated superior antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities in Raw264.7 cells. Furthermore, CMC-AXT-NPs effectively alleviated clinical symptoms of colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS), including maintaining body weight, inhibiting colon shortening, and reducing fecal bleeding. Importantly, CMC-AXT-NPs suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß and ameliorated DSS-induced oxidative damage. Our results demonstrated the potential of CMC-modified nanoparticles as an oral delivery system and suggested these novel AXT nanoparticles could be a promising strategy for UC treatment.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Xantofilas
16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 663: 961-970, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447409

RESUMO

High-voltage medium-nickel low-cobalt lithium layered oxide cathode materials are intriguing for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) applications because of their relatively low cost and high capacity. Unfortunately, high charging voltage induces bulk layered structure decline and interface environment deterioration, low cobalt content reduces lithium diffusion kinetics, severely limiting the performance liberation of this kind of cathode. Here, a multifunctional Al/Zr dual cation doping strategy is employed to enhance the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.6Co0.05Mn0.35O2 (NCM) cathode at a high charging cut-off voltage of 4.5 V. On the one hand, Al/Zr co-doping weakens the Li+/Ni2+ mixing through magnetic interactions due to the inexistence of unpaired electrons for Al3+ and Zr4+, thereby increasing the lithium diffusion rate and suppressing the harmful coexistence of H1 and H2 phases. On the other hand, they enhance the lattice oxygen framework stability due to strong Al-O and Zr-O bonds, inhibiting the undesired H2 to H3 phase transition and interface lattice oxygen loss, thereby enhancing the stability of the bulk structure and cathode-electrolyte interface. As a result, Al/Zr co-doped NCM (NCMAZ) shows a 94.2 % capacity retention rate after 100 cycles, while that of NCM is only 79.4 %. NCMAZ also exhibits better rate performance than NCM, with output capacities of 92 mAh/g and 59 mAh/g at a high current density of 5C, respectively. The modification strategy will make the high-voltage medium-nickel low-cobalt cathode closer to practical applications.

17.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 33: 1740-1752, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437142

RESUMO

Action tube detection is a challenging task as it requires not only to locate action instances in each frame, but also link them in time. Existing action tube detection methods often employ multi-stage pipelines with complex designs and time-consuming linking procedure. In this paper, we present a simple end-to-end action tube detection method, termed as Sparse Tube Detector (STDet). Unlike those dense action detectors, our core idea is to use a set of learnable tube queries and directly decode them into action tubes (i.e., a set of tracked boxes with action label) from video content. This sparse detection paradigm shares several advantages. First, the large number of hand-crafted anchor candidates in dense action detectors is greatly reduced to a small number of learnable tubes, which results in a more efficient detection framework. Second, our learnable tube queries directly attend the whole video content, which endows our method with the capacity of capturing long-range information for action detection. Finally, our action detector is an end-to-end tube detection without requiring the linking procedure, which directly and explicitly predicts the action boundary instead of depending on the linking strategy. Extensive experiments shows that our STDet outperforms the previous state-of-the-art methods on two challenging untrimmed video action detection datasets of UCF101-24 and MultiSports. We hope our method will be an simple end-to-end tube detection baseline and can inspire new ideas in this direction.

19.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canonical biocontrol bacteria were considered to inhibit pathogenic bacteria mainly by secreting antibiotic metabolites or enzymes. Recent studies revealed that some biocontrol bacteria can inhibit pathogenic bacteria through contact-dependent killing (CDK) mediated by contact-dependent secretion systems. The CDK was independent of antibiotic metabolites and often ignored in normal biocontrol activity assay. RESULTS: In this study, we aimed to use a pathogen enrichment strategy to isolate non-canonical bacteria with CDK ability. Rhizosphere soil samples from Chinese cabbage showing soft rot symptom were collected and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc), the pathogen of cabbage soft rot, were added into these samples to enrich bacteria which attached on Pcc cells. By co-culture with Pcc, four bacteria strains (named as PcE1, PcE8, PcE12 and PcE13) showing antibacterial activity were isolated from Chinese cabbage rhizosphere. These four bacteria strains showed CDK abilities to different pathogenic bacteria of horticultural plants. Among them, PcE1 was identified as Chryseobacterium cucumeris. Genome sequencing showed that PcE1 genome encoded a type VI secretion system (T6SS) gene cluster. By heterologous expression, four predicted T6SS effectors of PcE1 showed antibacterial activity to Escherichia coli. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study isolated four bacteria strains with CDK activity to various horticultural plant pathogens, and revealed possible involvement of T6SS of Chryseobacterium cucumeris in antibacterial activity. These results provide valuable insight for potential application of CDK activity in biocontrol bacteria. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

20.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1175109, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375340

RESUMO

Introduction: Converging evidence suggests that urban living is associated with an increased likelihood of developing mental health and sleep problems. Although these aspects have been investigated in separate streams of research, stress, autonomic reactivity and circadian misalignment can be hypothesized to play a prominent role in the causal pathways underlining the complex relationship between the urban environment and these two health dimensions. This study aims at quantifying the momentary impact of environmental stressors on increased autonomic reactivity and circadian rhythm, and thereby on mood and anxiety symptoms and sleep quality in the context of everyday urban living. Method: The present article reports the protocol for a feasibility study that aims at assessing the daily environmental and mobility exposures of 40 participants from the urban area of Jerusalem over 7 days. Every participant will carry a set of wearable sensors while being tracked through space and time with GPS receivers. Skin conductance and heart rate variability will be tracked to monitor participants' stress responses and autonomic reactivity, whereas electroencephalographic signal will be used for sleep quality tracking. Light exposure, actigraphy and skin temperature will be used for ambulatory circadian monitoring. Geographically explicit ecological momentary assessment (GEMA) will be used to assess participants' perception of the environment, mood and anxiety symptoms, sleep quality and vitality. For each outcome variable (sleep quality and mental health), hierarchical mixed models including random effects at the individual level will be used. In a separate analysis, to control for potential unobserved individual-level confounders, a fixed effect at the individual level will be specified for case-crossover analyses (comparing each participant to oneself). Conclusion: Recent developments in wearable sensing methods, as employed in our study or with even more advanced methods reviewed in the Discussion, make it possible to gather information on the functioning of neuro-endocrine and circadian systems in a real-world context as a way to investigate the complex interactions between environmental exposures, behavior and health. Our work aims to provide evidence on the health effects of urban stressors and circadian disruptors to inspire potential interventions, municipal policies and urban planning schemes aimed at addressing those factors.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Sono , Humanos , Sono/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Actigrafia , Afeto
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