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2.
Adv Mater ; : e2404199, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734974

RESUMO

External stimuli triggering chemical reactions in cancer cells to generate highly reactive chemical species are very appealing for cancer therapy, in which external irradiation activating sensitizers to transfer energy or electrons to surrounding oxygen or other molecules is critical for generating cytotoxic reactive species. However, poor light penetration into tissue, low activity of sensitizers, and reliance on oxygen supply restrict the generation of cytotoxic chemical species in hypoxic tumors, which lowers the therapeutic efficacy. Here, we present galvanic cell nanomaterials that can directly release highly reactive electrons in tumors without external irradiation or photosensitizers. The released reactive electrons directly react with surrounding biomolecules such as proteins and DNA within tumors to destroy them or react with other surrounding (bio)molecules to yield cytotoxic chemical species to eliminate tumors independent of oxygen. Administering these nanogalvanic cells to mice results in almost complete remission of subcutaneous solid tumors and deep metastatic tumors. The results demonstrate that this strategy can further arouse an immune response even in a hypoxic environment. This method offers a promising approach to effectively eliminate tumors, similar to photodynamic therapy, but does not require oxygen or irradiation to activate photosensitizers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 257, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711089

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a multifactorial disease in which abnormal growth factor activation and embryonic reawakening are considered important factors. Here we demonstrated that the aberrant activation of transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß)/Rho kinase 1 (ROCK1) increased the stemness of BPH tissue by recruiting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), indicating the important role of embryonic reawakening in BPH. When TGF-ß/ROCK1 is abnormally activated, MSCs are recruited and differentiate into fibroblasts/myofibroblasts, leading to prostate stromal hyperplasia. Further research showed that inhibition of ROCK1 activation suppressed MSC migration and their potential for stromal differentiation. Collectively, our findings suggest that abnormal activation of TGF-ß/ROCK1 regulates stem cell lineage specificity, and the small molecule inhibitor GSK269962A could target ROCK1 and may be a potential treatment for BPH.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Hiperplasia Prostática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Quinases Associadas a rho , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Camundongos , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia
4.
Small ; : e2402651, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747046

RESUMO

SnTe, as a potential medium-temperature thermoelectric material, reaches a maximum power factor (PF) usually above 750 K, which is not conducive to continuous high-power output in practical applications. In this study, PF is maintained at high values between 18.5 and 25 µW cm-1 K-2 for Sn0.99In0.01Te-x wt% tourmaline samples within the temperature range of 323 to 873 K, driving the highest PFeng of 1.2 W m-1 K-1 and PFave of 22.5 µW cm-1 K-2, over 2.5 times that of pristine SnTe. Such an extraordinary PF is attributed to the synergy of resonant levels and Sn vacancy suppression. Specifically, the Seebeck coefficient increases dramatically, reaching 88 µV K-1 at room temperature. Meanwhile, by Sn vacancy suppression, carrier concentration, and mobility are optimized to ≈1019 cm-3 and 740 cm2 V-1 s-1, respectively. With the tourmaline compositing, Sn vacancies are further suppressed and the thermal conductivity simultaneously decreases, with the minimum lattice thermal conductivity of 0.9 W m-1 K-1. Finally, the zT value ≈0.8 is obtained in the Sn0.99In0.01Te sample. The peak of the power output density reaches 0.89 W cm-2 at a temperature difference of 600 K. Such SnTe alloys with high and "temperature-independent" PF will offer an option for realizing high output power in thermoelectric devices.

5.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747405

RESUMO

Considerable research efforts have been directed toward the symptom relief of Parkinson's disease (PD) by attenuating dopamine (DA) depletion. One common feature of these existing therapies is their unavailability of preventing the neurodegenerative process of dopaminergic neurons. (+)-Borneol, a natural highly lipid-soluble bicyclic monoterpene, has been reported to regulate the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in the central nervous system and exhibit neuroprotective effects. However, the effect of (+)-borneol on the dopaminergic neuronal loss of methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mice is not defined. Herein, we first report that 30 mg/kg (+)-borneol significantly attenuated the motor deficits of PD mice, which benefits from markedly increasing the level of DA and decreasing the metabolic rate of DA in the striatum of conscious and freely moving mouse detected by ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry online combined with in vivo brain microdialysis sampling. It is worth noting that the enhanced level of DA by (+)-borneol was enabled by the reduction in loss of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and striatum and promotion of reserpine- or nomifensine-induced DA release in PD mice. Interestingly, (+)-borneol evidently inhibited the decreased expression levels of DA transporter (DAT) and vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) on the MPTP mouse model of PD. Moreover, (+)-borneol suppressed the neuroinflammation by inhibiting the production of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α and attenuated oxidative stress by decreasing the level of MDA and increasing the activities of SOD and GSH-px in PD mice. These findings demonstrate that (+)-borneol protects DA neurons by inhibiting neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. Further research work for the neuroprotection mechanism of (+)-borneol will focus on reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis. Therefore, (+)-borneol is a potential therapeutic candidate for retarding the neurodegenerative process of PD.

6.
J Psychiatr Res ; 175: 227-234, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is a potential therapeutic psychiatric tool that has been shown to modulate clinical symptoms and brain function by inducing brain oscillations. However, direct evidence on the effects of gamma-tACS (γ-tACS) on Bipolar I Disorder (BD-I) is limited. In the present study we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy to explore prefrontal hemodynamic changes in BD-I patients receiving combined γ-tACS intervention in addition to pharmacological treatment. METHODS: Only 39 male patients with BD-I in the acute manic phase were included, and they were randomly divided into an intervention group (n = 18) and a control group (n = 21). The intervention group received γ-tACS treatment on a weekday for a total of 10 sessions in the right prefrontal cortex and left prefrontal cortex. All participants were pretested (baseline) and posttested (2 weeks after) with questionnaires to assess clinical symptoms and cognitive abilities, and with functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to assess spontaneous cortical hemodynamic activities. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the intervention group had greater increases in Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores, and greater decreases in Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Rating Scale (BRMS) scores. In the intervention group, functional connectivity (FC) was significantly greater in the left hemisphere. γ-tACS treatment resulted in a left hemispheric lateralization effect of resting state FC in BD-I patients, increasing the hemodynamic activity of the patient's left prefrontal cortex. CONCLUSIONS: γ-tACS can improve cognitive impairment and mood symptoms with BD-I patients in an acute manic episode by enhancing FC in the patients' left prefrontal cortex.

7.
Brain Behav ; 14(5): e3537, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several studies have illustrated that elevated RC levels are related to a heightened risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Our research aimed to explore the correlation between RC levels and poor prognosis after a 90-day interval in AIS patients. METHODS: A total of 287 individuals were enrolled in the study, the primary outcome was defined as poor prognosis. RC was derived by the exclusion of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) from total cholesterol (TC). RESULTS: Following the screening process, 253 AIS patients were included in the study, presenting a median age of 66[57, 75] years. Upon stratifying RC levels into quartiles, those in the top quartile faced a greater likelihood of diabetes diagnosis (42.86%, p = .014) and experienced a higher rate of unfavorable outcomes after 90 days (36.51%, p = .001). After accounting for confounding factors, the correlation between the fourth quartile of RC levels and the amplified likelihood of poor prognosis remained significant (odds ratio (OR) 8.471, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.841, 38.985); p = .006). Analysis of subgroups unveiled a notable correlation between higher RC levels and poor 90-day prognosis, particularly in individuals with elevated NIHSS scores (p = .044). A progressively increasing 90-day risk of poor prognosis after an RC greater than 0.38 mmol/L was visualized by restricted cubic spline plots (p-overall = .011). CONCLUSIONS: Including RC as a contributing element may refine the prediction of poor 90-day prognosis for AIS patients. Integrating RC with traditional risk factors can potentially enhance the predictive value for cerebrovascular disease.


Assuntos
Colesterol , AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Masculino , AVC Isquêmico/sangue , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Colesterol/sangue , Fatores de Risco , LDL-Colesterol/sangue
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132138, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718998

RESUMO

Addressing marine oil spills and industrial water pollution necessitates the development of eco-efficient oil-absorbing materials. With increasing concern for the environment, there is a consensus to decrease the use of petroleum-based polymers. Herein, lightweight poly(lactic acid) (PLA) blend foams with varying thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) content were fabricated via a solvent-free, eco-friendly supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) extrusion foaming technology. The incorporation of TPU significantly enhanced the crystallization rate of PLA, with the semi-crystallization time of PT30 and PT50 blends at 105 °C exhibiting a reduction of 77.2 % and 47.9 %, respectively, compared to neat PLA. The resulting foams exhibited an open-cell structure with excellent selective oil adsorption capabilities. Notably, the PT30 foam achieved a remarkable maximum expansion ratio of 36.0, while the PT50 foam attained the highest open-cell content of 96.2 %. The PT50 foam demonstrated an outstanding adsorption capacity, spanning from 4.7 to 18.8 g/g for diverse oils and solvents, with rapid adsorption kinetics, reaching 94.9 % of the equilibrium adsorption capacity for CCl4 within just 1 min. Furthermore, the PT50 foam retained 95.2 % of its adsorption capacity for CCl4 over 10 adsorption-desorption cycles. This study presents a scalable and sustainable approach for large-scale production of high-performance, bio-based foams, facilitating efficient oil-water separation.

9.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 634, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, exhibits distinct sexual dimorphism, with the males growing faster and larger than the females. During breeding, all-male offspring can be obtained using 17ß-estradiol (E2). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying E2-induced sexual reversal have not yet been elucidated. Previous studies have investigated the molecular sequence and expression characteristics of estrogen receptors (ERs). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, primary liver cells and embryos of P. sinensis were treated with ER agonists or inhibitors. Cell incubation experiments revealed that nuclear ERs (nERs) were the main pathway for the transmission of estrogen signals. Our results showed that ERα agonist (ERα-ag) upregulated the expression of Rspo1, whereas ERα inhibitor (ERα-Inh) downregulated its expression. The expression of Dmrt1 was enhanced after ERα-Inh + G-ag treatment, indicating that the regulation of male genes may not act through a single estrogen receptor, but a combination of ERs. In embryos, only the ERα-ag remarkably promoted the expression levels of Rspo1, Wnt4, and ß-catenin, whereas the ERα-Inh had a suppressive effect. Additionally, Dmrt1, Amh, and Sox9 expression levels were downregulated after ERß inhibitor (ERß-Inh) treatment. GPER agonist (G-ag) has a significant promotion effect on Rspo1, Wnt4, and ß-catenin, while the inhibitor G-Inh does not affect male-related genes. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these results suggest that ERs play different roles during sexual reversal in P. sinensis and ERα may be the main carrier of estrogen-induced sexual reversal in P. sinensis. Further studies need to be performed to analyze the mechanism of ER action.


Assuntos
Receptores de Estrogênio , Tartarugas , Animais , Tartarugas/genética , Tartarugas/metabolismo , Masculino , Feminino , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Estradiol/farmacologia , Estradiol/metabolismo , Caracteres Sexuais , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Estrogênios/farmacologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2400297, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704675

RESUMO

It is newly revealed that collagen works as a physical barrier to tumor immune infiltration, oxygen perfusion, and immune depressor in solid tumors. Meanwhile, after radiotherapy (RT), the programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) overexpression and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) excessive secretion would accelerate DNA damage repair and trigger T cell exclusion to limit RT efficacy. However, existing drugs or nanoparticles can hardly address these obstacles of highly effective RT simultaneously, effectively, and easily. In this study, it is revealed that inducing mitochondria dysfunction by using oxidative phosphorylation inhibitors like Lonidamine (LND) can serve as a highly effective multi-immune pathway regulation strategy through PD-L1, collagen, and TGF-ß co-depression. Then, IR-LND is prepared by combining the mitochondria-targeted molecule IR-68 with LND, which then is loaded with liposomes (Lip) to create IR-LND@Lip nanoadjuvants. By doing this, IR-LND@Lip more effectively sensitizes RT by generating more DNA damage and transforming cold tumors into hot ones through immune activation by PD-L1, collagen, and TGF-ß co-inhibition. In conclusion, the combined treatment of RT and IR-LND@Lip ultimately almost completely suppressed the growth of bladder tumors and breast tumors.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis is the most effective early treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), outcomes vary greatly among patients. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is prone to distant organ ischemia and may be a predictor for poor prognosis in AIS patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Our aim was to investigate the predictivity of LVSD diagnosis (as measured by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)) on 90-day clinical outcomes in AIS patients undergoing thrombolysis. METHODS: The current prospective cohort study continuously enrolled 273 AIS patients from the National Stroke Prevention and Treatment Engineering Management Special Database who underwent IVT and completed echocardiography within 24 h of admission between 2021 and 2023. LVSD was examined by evaluation of the echocardiographic LVEF values using Simpson's biplane method of discs in line with international guidelines, and defined as a LVEF value < 50%. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression model was performed to analyze the association between LVEF and functional outcome at 3 months. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to examine the shape of the dose-response association between reduced LVEF and poor functional outcomes. Subgroup analysis was also employed to further verify the reliability and practicability of the results. RESULTS: Baseline data analysis showed LVSD patients had more comorbidities including on multivariate analyses, LVSD (OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.23 to 6.24, P=0.014), pre-existing diabetes mellitus (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.11 to 3.90, P=0.023) and NIHSS on arrival (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.21 to 1.49, P<0.001) were independent predictors of poor functional outcomes (mRS ≥ 3) at 3 months. Multivariable-adjusted spline regression indicated a linear dose-response association between LVEF after IVT and poor functional outcomes (p for linearity < 0.001), with the optimal cutoff values of LVEF being 0.48. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding indicated that AIS patients with LVSD after IVT had poorer outcomes, suggesting the need to monitor and optimize LVEF in stroke management.

14.
Environ Pollut ; : 124125, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740244

RESUMO

Nanoplastics pollution has emerged as a global issue due to its widespread potential toxicity. This study delved in to toxic effects of nanoplastics on juvenile P. clarkii and molecular mechanisms from perspectives of growth, biochemical, histopathological analysis and transcriptome level for the first time. The findings of this study indicated that nanoplastics of different concentrations have varying influence mechanisms on juvenile P. clarkii. Nanoplastics have inhibitory effects on growth of juvenile P. clarkii, can induce oxidative stress. The biochemical analysis and transcriptome results indicated that 10mg/L nanoplastics can activate the antioxidant defense system and non-specific immune system in juvenile P. clarkii, and affect energy metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation. While 20mg/L and 40mg/L have a destructive influence on the immune function in juvenile P. clarkii, leading to lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage, and induce apoptosis, can affect ion transport and osmotic pressure regulation. The findings of this study can offer foundational data for delving further into impacts of nanoplastics on crustaceans and toxicity mechanism.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(38): 5054-5057, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634482

RESUMO

Three new distinct NIR α,α-NH-bridged BODIPY dimers were prepared by a direct nucleophilic substitution reaction. The synergistic effects of the nitrogen bridges and strong excitonic coupling between each BODIPY unit play major roles in enhancing the delocalization of an electron spin over the entire BODIPY dimers. The in situ formed aminyl radical dimer showed an absorption maximum at 1040 nm.

16.
Front Surg ; 11: 1329771, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655210

RESUMO

Objectives: The diameter, area, and volume of the true lumen and false lumen (FL) have been measured in previous studies to evaluate the extent of DeBakey type I aortic dissection. However, these indicators have limitations because of the irregular shapes of the true and false lumens and the constant oscillation of intimal flap during systole and diastole. The ratio of arch lengths seems to be a more reliable indicator. FL% was defined as the ratio of the arch length of FL to the circumference of the aorta at the different levels of the aorta. The purpose of this article was to investigate whether FL% is a predictor of the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection in patients undergoing frozen elephant trunk (FET) and total arch replacement. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed a total of 344 patients with acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection that underwent FET and total arch replacement at our center from October 2015 to October 2019. The patients were divided into two groups by cluster analysis according to the perioperative course. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether FL% could predict the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to assess the power of the multivariate logistic regression model for the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. Results: The patients in the ultra-high-risk group (109 patients) had significantly more severe clinical comorbidities and complications than the patients in the high-risk group (235 patients). The ascending aortic FL% [odds ratio (OR), 11.929 (95% CI: 1.421-100.11); P = 0.022], location of initial tear [OR, 0.68 (95% CI: 0.47-0.98); P = 0.041], the degree of left iliac artery involvement [OR, 1.95 (95% CI: 1.15-3.30); P = 0.013], and the degree of right coronary artery involvement [OR, 1.46 (95% CI: 1.01-2.12); P = 0.045] on preoperative computed tomography angiography were associated with the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. The AUROC value of this multivariate logistic regression analysis was 0.940 (95% CI: 0.914-0.967; P < 0.001). The AUROC value of ascending aortic FL% was 0.841 (95% CI: 0.798-0.884; P < 0.001) for the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection in patients undergoing FET and total arch replacement. Conclusions: Ascending aortic FL% was validated as an essential radiologic index for assessing the severity of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection in patients undergoing FET and total arch replacement. Higher values of ascending aortic FL% were more severe.

17.
Gut Microbes ; 16(1): 2340487, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626129

RESUMO

Obesity is becoming a major global health problem in children that can cause diseases such as type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders, which are closely related to the gut microbiota. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, a significant positive correlation was observed between Prevotella copri (P. copri) and obesity in children (p = 0.003). Next, the effect of P. copri on obesity was explored by using fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) experiment. Transplantation of P. copri. increased serum levels of fasting blood glucose (p < 0.01), insulin (p < 0.01) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) (p < 0.05) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice, but not in normal mice. Characterization of the gut microbiota indicated that P. copri reduced the relative abundance of the Akkermansia genus in mice (p < 0.01). Further analysis on bile acids (BAs) revealed that P. copri increased the primary BAs and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in HFD-induced mice (p < 0.05). This study demonstrated for the first time that P. copri has a significant positive correlation with obesity in children, and can increase fasting blood glucose and insulin levels in HFD-fed obese mice, which are related to the abundance of Akkermansia genus and bile acids.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Obesidade Infantil , Prevotella , Humanos , Criança , Animais , Camundongos , Insulina , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/farmacologia , Glicemia , Camundongos Obesos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
18.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 109, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) has a rare incidence with better prognosis than nonmucinous adenocarcinoma. We aimed to investigate the prognosis between limited resection and lobectomy for patients with clinical stage IA IMA ≤ 2 cm. METHODS: Data were taken from two cohorts: In Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital (SPH) corhort, we identified 403 patients with clinical stage IA IMA who underwent surgery. In the SEER corhort, 480 patients with stage T1 IMA who after surgery were included. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) for SPH corhort, lung cancer-specific survival (LCSS) for the SEER corhort and overall survival (OS) for both corhort were compared between patients undergoing lobectomy and limited resection by Log-rank and Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: In SPH corhort, patients who underwent limited resection had equivalent prognosis than those underwent lobectomy (5-year RFS: 79.3% versus. 82.6%, p = 0.116; 5-year OS: 86.2% versus. 88.3%, p = 0.235). However, patients with IMA > 2 to 3 cm had worse prognosis than those with IMA ≤ 2 cm (5-year RFS: 73.7% versus. 86.1%, p = 0.007). In the analysis of IMA > 2 to 3 cm subgroup, multivariate analysis showed that limited resection was an independent risk factor of RFS (hazard ratio, 2.417; 95% confidence interval, 1.157-5.049; p = 0.019), while OS (p = 0.122) was not significantly different between two groups. For IMA ≤ 2 cm, limited resection was not a risk factor of RFS (p = 0. 953) and OS (p = 0.552). In the SEER corhort, IMA ≤ 2 cm subgroup, limited resection was equivalent prognosis in LCSS (p = 0.703) and OS (p = 0.830). CONCLUSIONS: Limited resection could be a potential surgical option which comparable to lobectomy in patients with clinical stage IA IMA ≤ 2 cm.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonectomia , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/mortalidade , Masculino , Feminino , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Pneumonectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Idoso , Seguimentos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134245, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603910

RESUMO

This study delved into the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying the mitigation of cadmium (Cd) stress in the model medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza through the application of ZnO quantum dots (ZnO QDs, 3.84 nm). A pot experiment was conducted, wherein S. miltiorrhiza was subjected to Cd stress for six weeks with foliar application of 100 mg/L ZnO QDs. Physiological analyses demonstrated that compared to Cd stress alone, ZnO QDs improved biomass, reduced Cd accumulation, increased the content of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll and carotenoids), and enhanced the levels of essential nutrient elements (Ca, Mn, and Cu) under Cd stress. Furthermore, ZnO QDs significantly lowered Cd-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, including H2O2, O2-, and MDA, while enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, POD, APX, and GSH-PX). Additionally, ZnO QDs promoted the biosynthesis of primary and secondary metabolites, such as total protein, soluble sugars, terpenoids, and phenols, thereby mitigating Cd stress in S. miltiorrhiza. At the molecular level, ZnO QDs were found to activate the expression of stress signal transduction-related genes, subsequently regulating the expression of downstream target genes associated with metal transport, cell wall synthesis, and secondary metabolite synthesis via transcription factors. This activation mechanism contributed to enhancing Cd tolerance in S. miltiorrhiza. In summary, these findings shed light on the mechanisms underlying the mitigation of Cd stress by ZnO QDs, offering a potential nanomaterial-based strategy for enhancing Cd tolerance in medicinal plants.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Pontos Quânticos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Óxido de Zinco , Pontos Quânticos/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade , Salvia miltiorrhiza/efeitos dos fármacos , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(6): 2236-2260, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617546

RESUMO

Thrombocytopenia, a prevalent hematologic challenge, correlates directly with the mortality of numerous ailments. Current therapeutic avenues for thrombocytopenia are not without limitations. Here, we identify genistin, an estrogen analogue, as a promising candidate for thrombocytopenia intervention, discovered through AI-driven compound library screening. While estrogen's involvement in diverse biological processes is recognized, its role in thrombopoiesis remains underexplored. Our findings elucidate genistin's ability to enhance megakaryocyte differentiation, thereby augmenting platelet formation and production. In vivo assessments further underscore genistin's remedial potential against radiation-induced thrombocytopenia. Mechanistically, genistin's efficacy is attributed to its direct interaction with estrogen receptor ß (ERß), with subsequent activation of both ERK1/2 and the Akt signaling pathways membrane ERß. Collectively, our study positions genistin as a prospective therapeutic strategy for thrombocytopenia, shedding light on novel interplays between platelet production and ERß.


Assuntos
Isoflavonas , Trombocitopenia , Humanos , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/genética , Trombocitopenia/tratamento farmacológico , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas
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