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1.
Bioact Mater ; 8: 355-367, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541406

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve regeneration and functional recovery remain a major clinical challenge. Nerve guidance conduit (NGC) that can regulate biological behavior of Schwann cells (SCs) and facilitate axonal regeneration through microenvironmental remodeling is beneficial for nerve regeneration and functional recovery. Gastrodin, a main constituent of a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, has been known to display several biological and pharmacological properties, especially antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and nerve regeneration. Herein, polyurethane (PU) NGCs modified by different weight ratio of Gastrodin (0, 1 and 5 wt%) were designed for sequential and sustainable drug release, that created a favorable microenvironment for nerve regeneration. The scaffold showed suitable pore structure and biocompatibility in vitro, and evidently promoted morphological and functional recovery of regenerated sciatic nerves in vivo. Compared to the PU and 1%Gastrodin/PU scaffolds, the 5%Gastrodin/PU significantly enhanced the proliferation, migration and myelination of SCs and up-regulated expression of neurotrophic factors, as well as induction of the differentiation of PC12 cells. Interestingly, the obvious anti-inflammatory response was observed in 5%Gastrodin/PU by reduced expression of TNF-α and iNOS, which also evidenced by the few fibrous capsule formation in the subcutaneous implantation. Such a construct presented a similarity to autograft in vivo repairing a 10 mm sciatic nerve defects. It was able to not only boost the regenerated area of nerve and microvascular network, but also facilitate functional axons growth and remyelination, leading to highly improved functional restoration. These findings demonstrate that the 5%Gastrodin/PU NGC efficiently promotes nerve regeneration, indicating their potential for use in peripheral nerve regeneration applications.

2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130553, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284194

RESUMO

A method for real-time monitoring of lipid digestion based on photonic crystals formed from silica was developed. As an effective "net", the highly ordered silica colloidal crystal (SCC) film provides structural support for lipid payload. This method based on optical interferometric film kinetics was used to record the whole kinetics progress of olive oil hydrolysis by lipase in real time and calculate the kinetic Michaelis constant. The kinetic parameters were compared with the results determined by the titration method. The effects of bile salt content on lipase and olive oil layer were studied. This method provides a potential evaluation system for real-time digestion and degradation of edible oil in the food field. It also provides a basis for further real-time evaluation of lipid bioavailability in food systems by real-time recording the release and degradation of lipids in the food nano-matrix.


Assuntos
Lipídeos , Lipólise , Digestão , Interferometria , Lipase/metabolismo
3.
Food Chem ; 366: 130557, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284195

RESUMO

Diacylglycerol (DAG) is commonly used as fat substitute in food manufacture due to its functional properties, but DAG has poor emulsification and oxidation stability, which limits its wide application in food industry. In this work, fluorescence quenching data and thermodynamic parameters were analyzed to investigate the interaction mechanism between l-theanine (L-Th) and ß-lactoglobulin (ß-LG). DAG emulsion was prepared by using ß-lactoglobulin-theanine (ß-LG-Th) as surface stabilizer, and its emulsification and oxidation stability were evaluated. The results showed that the hydrophobic interaction played an important role on the conjugate of ß-LG and L-Th due to the negative values for ΔG, positive values for ΔH and ΔS at pH 4.0, pH 6.0 and pH 8.0. The DAG has been better embedded by using ß-LG-Th as surface stabilizer, and the droplet size was about 0.2 µm to 1.5 µm when the pH was 6.0, the ratio of L-Th to ß-LG was 1:1. ß-LG-Th as surface stabilizer for DAG can increase the ζ-potential and emulsion index, make the emulsion droplet size distribution more uniform. The l-theanine was better to be used to improve the emulsification stability and antioxidant capacity of DAG by binding ß-LG as surface stabilizer.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Lactoglobulinas , Diglicerídeos , Emulsões , Glutamatos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 790-802, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371424

RESUMO

Carbon aerogels are prepared by a thermal treating-freeze drying approach from chitosan, with glycine hydrochloride ionic liquid (IL) acting as solvent and nitrogen source. Different post-treatments such as ball milling and high temperature carbonization are employed to functionalize the obtained carbon aerogels with tuned properties, making it promising candidates as fluorescence material (NACs-Q), electrode material (FDC-800) and catalyst support (NACPd-C). NACs-Q is water-soluble quantum dot with average particle sizes of 3.8 nm, presenting excitation-/emission-independent and pH-sensitive properties, which could be used as sensor for testing acetone vapor or an "on-off-on" sensor for detections of Fe3+ and vitamin C in fruits. FDC-800 exhibits fluffy lamellar structure with developed micro-mesopores and nitrogen-containing groups on their surfaces, which is beneficial for building flexible solid-state supercapacitor with excellent performance, delivering a capacitance of 208F/g at 0.5 A/g, and achieving an energy density of 7.2 W h/kg at a power density of 50 W/kg. Moreover, NACPd-C can be used as catalyst for phenol hydrogenation, and phenol conversion of 100% with cyclohexanone selectivity of 98.3% is achieved, due to the synergetic effects of the Pd active-site, the N-containing groups, and the Lewis acid sites on the support.


Assuntos
Carbono , Quitosana , Capacitância Elétrica , Nitrogênio , Porosidade
5.
Talanta ; 237: 122958, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736683

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a significant ingredient of immunological activity in milk and colostrum, the activity and content of which is easily disturbed by potentially conditional variant during sterilization. Therefore, developing robust methods for the detection of IgG levels in milk is especially important. Herein, protein A from the Staphylococcus aureus functionalized silica colloidal crystalline film (SCC@SPA) sensing unit combined with ordered porous layer interferometry (OPLI) for IgG detection in untreated bovine milk was developed. Calibration curves in milk and buffer were set up by the variations of the optical thickness (OT) of the sensing unit after the IgG association and dissociation phases. The influence of temperature on the level of IgG was evaluated. Furthermore, the identification of IgG levels with pasteurized milk and ultrahigh temperature (UHT) sterilized milk from the market randomly was successfully carried out without any sample pretreatment. More importantly, compared with other methods, this novel method has the advantages of convenient operation, low cost, and suitability for point-of-care (POC) testing.


Assuntos
Colostro , Leite , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Imunoglobulina G , Interferometria , Porosidade , Gravidez
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150385, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610565

RESUMO

Variations in iodinated aromatic disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in the presence of I- and organic compounds as a function of reaction time in different molar ratios (MRs) of HOCl:NH3-N were investigated. Up to 17 kinds of iodinated aromatic DBPs were identified in the breakpoint chlorination of iodide (I-)/organic (phenol, bisphenol S (BPS) and p-nitrophenol (p-NP)) systems, and the possible pathways for the formation of iodinated aromatic DBPs were proposed. The reaction pathways include HOCl/HOI electrophilic substitution and oxidation, while the dominant iodinated DBPs were quantified. In the I-/phenol system (pH = 7.0), the sum of the concentrations of four iodinated aliphatic DBPs ranged from 0.32 to 1.04 µM (triiodomethane (TIM), dichloroiodomethane (DCIM), diiodochloromethane (DICM) and monoiodoacetic acid (MIAA)), while the concentration of 4-iodophenol ranged from 2.99 to 12.87 µM. The concentration of iodinated aromatic DBPs remained stable with an MR = 1:1. When the MR was 6:1, iodinated aromatic DBPs decreased with increasing reaction time, in which the main disinfectant in the system was active chlorine. This study proposed the formation mechanism of iodinated aromatic DBPs during the breakpoint chlorination of iodide-containing water. These results can be used to control the formation of hazardous iodinated aromatic DBPs in the disinfection of iodine containing water.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118325, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634408

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is a toxic metal in industrial production, which can seriously threat to human health and food safety. Thus, it is particularly crucial to reduce the content of Pb in the environment. In this study, raw fly ash (FA) was used to synthesise a new active silicate materials (IM) employing the low-temperature-assisted alkali (NaOH) roasting approach. The IM was further synthesised to form zeolite-A (ZA) using the hydrothermal method. The physicochemical characteristics of IM and ZA amendments before and after Pb2+ adsorption were analysed using the Scanning electron microscope-Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (SEM-EDS), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) apparatuses. The results revealed the considerably change in the microstructure and functional groups of IM and ZA amendments, conducive to Pb2+ removal. Moreover, a 3-year field experiment revealed that the IM and ZA significantly improved the growth of rice and reduced available Pb by 21%-26.8% and 9.7%-16.9%, respectively. After 3 years of remediation, the Pb concentration of the rice grain reached the national edible standard (≤0.2 mg kg-1) of 0.171 mg kg-1 and 0.179 mg kg-1, respectively. Meanwhile, the concentration of acid-exchangeable Pb reduced, while those of reducible and residual fractions of Pb increased. There was no significant difference between the IM and ZA treatments. The potential mechanisms of remediation by the amendments were ion-exchange, complexation, precipitation, and electrostatic attraction. Overall, the results indicate that IM is suitable for the remediation of contaminated soil and promotes safe food production, and develops an environmentally friendly and cost-effective amendment for the remediation of polluted soil.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Humanos , Silicatos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 82-90, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311315

RESUMO

A highly stable Pd-loaded N-doped carbon catalyst (ACNpd) for phenol hydrogenation was prepared from chitosan by hydrothermal carbonization. ACNpd does not require a reduction step before catalytic use due to the Pd in the as-prepared catalyst mainly exists in the form of Pd0 (80%). The carbon support involves N-containing groups such as pyridinic nitrogen and pyrrolic nitrogen, which could provide basic sites to adsorb phenol effectively. The as-fabricated ACNpd shows high catalytic performance with turnover frequency (TOF) of 29.34 h-1. Accordingly, a phenol conversion of 100% and a cyclohexanone selectivity of 99.1% are achieved in 5 h at 100 °C and 1 MPa H2. This outstanding performance is attributed to the synergetic effects of the Pd particles, the N-functional groups, and the Lewis acid sites on the support. The carbon support presents intrinsic Lewis acid sites due to its electrophilicity, and Pd doping further increases the strength of such acid sites as it causes electron-deficient structural features. Moreover, the Lewis acid sites inhibit the over-hydrogenation from cyclohexanone to cyclohexanol. This study provides new insights into the application of functional biomass-based carbon materials as catalyst supports.


Assuntos
Carbono , Quitosana , Cicloexanonas , Hidrogenação , Fenol , Fenóis
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150115, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818763

RESUMO

Gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate, CaSO4 ·2H2O) is commonly applied to improve soil quality and nutrient supply. Previous studies also suggested it is a cost-effective soil amendment in alleviating cadmium (Cd) toxicity and accumulation in plants. The aim of this study was to investigate how this is achieved. We used pak choi as our research material because it is a popular vegetable in Asia, and as a leafy vegetable, it accumulates higher Cd level than other types of vegetable. Under Cd stress, application of CaSO4 promoted pak choi seedling growth, decreased the oxidative stress in roots, reduced Cd accumulation, and enhanced the photosynthesis in shoots. We revealed the inhibition of Cd2+ absorption by CaSO4 is largely due to the competition between Ca2+ and Cd2+ for ion channels or transporter. Moreover, under Cd stress, CaSO4 facilitated the sulphate assimilation, increased the biosynthesis of phytochelatins, and activated the expression of transporters for vacuolar sequestration. Together, CaSO4 could benefit plant growth and enhance Cd tolerance by suppressing Cd root uptake and lowering the Cd content in cytoplasm.


Assuntos
Plântula , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Sulfato de Cálcio , Raízes de Plantas/química , Plântula/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
10.
Food Chem ; 371: 131209, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598121

RESUMO

In this study, non-targeted and targeted metabolomics/lipidomics studies based on UPLC-QTOF-MS and UPLC-MS/MS were carried out to clarify the effects of tebuconazole and its different enantiomers on lettuce metabolites and lipids. Slight enantioselective degradation of tebuconazole was observed and six degradation metabolites were tentatively identified. The endogenous metabolites involved in carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleic acid metabolism, phenylpropanoid and flavonoid metabolism, vitamins, and lipid metabolism were significantly affected with enantioselectivity by tebuconazole exposure. Nucleotide metabolism and nicotinic acid metabolic network were significantly activated by the stimulation of tebuconazole. Rac- and (-)-R-tebuconazole caused the down-regulation of soluble sugars and subsequent amino acids and organic acids. Overall, lettuce exposed to tebuconazole was shown to have a significant impact on plant metabolism and lipid metabolism, with notable stereoselectivity. The results showed stereoselective toxicity of tebuconazole and provided a better understanding of its metabolomic and lipidomic effects on lettuce.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Cromatografia Líquida , Fungicidas Industriais/análise , Fungicidas Industriais/toxicidade , Alface , Lipidômica , Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triazóis/toxicidade
11.
Exp Mol Med ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848837

RESUMO

The NLRC4 inflammasome, a member of the nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family, amplifies inflammation by facilitating the processing of caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-18. We explored whether NLRC4 knockdown alleviated inflammatory injury following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Furthermore, we investigated whether NLRC4 inflammasome activation can be adjusted by the regulator of G protein signaling 2/leucine-rich repeat kinase-2 pathway. Fifty microliters of arterial blood was drawn and injected into the basal ganglion to simulate the ICH model. NLRC4 small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were utilized to knockdown NLRC4. An LRRK2 inhibitor (GNE7915) was injected into the abdominal cavity. Short hairpin (sh) RNA lentiviruses and lentiviruses containing RGS2 were designed and applied to knockdown and promote RGS2 expression. Neurological functions, brain edema, Western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent, hematoxylin and eosin staining, Nissl staining, immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence assay and Evans blue dye extravasation and autofluorescence assay were evaluated. It was shown that the NLRC4 inflammasome was activated following ICH injury. NLRC4 knockdown extenuated neuronal death, damage to the blood-brain barrier, brain edema and neurological deficiency 3 days after ICH. NLRC4 knockdown reduced myeloperoxidase (MPO) cells as well as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß and IL-18 following ICH. GNE7915 reduced pNLRC4 and NLRC4 inflammasome activation. RGS2 suppressed the interaction of LRRK2 and NLRC4 and NLRC4 inflammasome activation by regulating pLRRK2. Our study demonstrated that the NLRC4 inflammasome may aggravate the inflammatory injury induced by ICH and that RGS2/LRRK2 may relieve inflammatory injury by restraining NLRC4 inflammasome activation.

12.
J Anim Sci ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850908

RESUMO

This study was aimed to explore the effect of using cassava as an amylopectin source in low protein (LP) diets on growth performance, nitrogen efficiency and postprandial changes in plasma glucose and related hormones concentrations of growing pigs. Three animal experiments were included in the present study. Treatments included corn-soybean meal LP (Corn LP), corn-cassava-soybean meal LP (Corn + Cassava LP), and cassava-soybean meal LP (Cassava LP). The in vitro digestion proved that Corn + Cassava LP and Cassava LP diets induced more rapid starch digestion and glucose release, compared with Corn LP diet. The results of animal experiments are as follows: Cassava LP diet caused the most rapid changes in plasma glucose and relevant hormones concentrations after a meal. And it decreased the concentrations of fasting plasma insulin, glucagon, and leptin concentrations compared with other treatments (P < 0.05). These modulationes above led to a strong desire to eat and increased feed intake and then weight gain in growing pigs fed Cassava LP diet. Besides, feeding Cassava LP diet caused diarrhea, increased noxious gas release from feces, and increased concentrations of fecal isobutyrate and isovalerate (P < 0.05). Compared with Corn LP group, Corn + Cassava LP group showed significantly decreased urinary nitrogen (P < 0.05) and improved post-absorptive amino acid utilization efficiency. In conclusion, the use of cassava as an amylopectin source in LP diets could modulate glucose absorption and related gut secreted hormones secretion, subsequently strengthened the desire to eat, improved growth performance, and enhanced nitrogen efficiency in growing pigs.

13.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731303

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment of choledocholithiasis combined with cholecystolithiasis remains controversial. Common surgical methods vary among endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE), laparoscopic transductal common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) with or without T-tube drainage. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of surgical methods and to determine the appropriate procedure for patients with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2019, a total of 1555 consecutive patients diagnosed with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis who underwent surgical treatment in Tongji Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Total 521 patients with intrahepatic bile duct stones underwent LC + LCBDE + T-Tube were excluded from the analysis. At last, 1034 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into three groups according to their surgical methods: preoperative ERCP + subsequent LC (ERCP + LC group, n = 275), LC + LCBDE + intraoperative endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) + primary duct closure (Tri-scope group, n = 479) and LC + laparoscopic transcystic CBD exploration (LTCBDE group, n = 280). Clinical records, operative findings and postoperative follow-up were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: There was no mortality in three groups. Common bile duct (CBD) stone clearance rate was 97.5% in ERCP + LC group, 98.7% in Tri-scope group, and 99.3% in LTCBDE group. There were no difference in terms of demographic characteristics, biochemistry findings and presentations, but the Tri-scope group had the biggest diameter and amount of stones and diameter of CBD, the LTCBDE group had the least CBD stones and the biggest diameter of cystic gall duct (CGD). ERCP + LC group have the longest hospital stay (14.16 ± 3.88 days vs 6.92 ± 1.71 days vs 10.74 ± 5.30 days, P < 0.05), also has the longest operative time than others (126.08 ± 42.79 min vs 92.31 ± 10.26 min, 99.09 ± 8.46 min, P < 0.05). Compared to ERCP + LC group, LTCBDE group and Tri-scope group had lower postoperation-leukocyte, shorter surgery duration and hospital stay (P < 0.05). Compared to the Tri-scope group, the LTCBDE group had the shorter hospital stay, extubation time and operation time and less intraoperative bleeding. There were less postoperative complications in LTCBDE group (1.1%) compared to the ERCP + LC group (3.6%) and Tri-scope group (2.2%). Follow-up time was 6 to 72 months. Four patients in ERCP + LC group and 5 in Tri-scope group reported recurrent stones. CONCLUSION: All the three surgical methods are safe and effective. Tri-scope approach and LTCBDE approach have superiority to preoperative ERCP + LC. LC + LTCBDE shows priority over Tri-scope approach, but should be performed in selected patients. LC + LCBDE + T-Tube can be an alternative management if the other three procedures were failed. The surgeons should choose the most appropriate surgical procedure according to the preoperative examination results and intraoperative situation.

14.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730251

RESUMO

Invariant NK T (iNKT) cells are innate-like lymphocytes that can recognize the lipid Ag presented by MHC I like molecule CD1d. Distinct tissue distribution of iNKT cells subsets implies a contribution of these subsets to their related tissue regional immunity. iNKT cells are enriched in liver, an organ with unique immunological properties. Whether liver-specific iNKT cells exist and dedicate to the liver immunity remains elusive. Here, a liver-specific CD24+ iNKT subset is shown. Hepatic CD24+ iNKT cells show higher levels of proliferation, glucose metabolism, and mTOR activity comparing to CD24- iNKT cells. Although CD24+ iNKT cells and CD24- iNKT cells in the liver produce similar amounts of cytokines, the hepatic CD24+ iNKT cells exhibit lower granzyme B production. These liver-specific CD24+ iNKT cells are derived from thymus and differentiate into CD24+ iNKT in the liver microenvironment. Moreover, liver microenvironment induces the formation of CD24+ conventional T cells as well, and these cells exhibit higher proliferation ability but lower granzyme B production in comparison with CD24- T cells. The results propose that liver microenvironment might induce the generation of liver-specific iNKT subset that might play an important role in maintaining liver homeostasis.

15.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Everolimus with exemestane (EVE+EXE) was FDA-approved to treat metastatic hormone receptor-positive breast cancer (mHRBC) based on BOLERO-2. However, none of those patients received prior CDK4/6 inhibitors. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of EVE+EXE in mHRBC after CDK4/6 inhibitors. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients ≥18 years old with mHRBC treated with EVE+EXE, for ≥30 days, at our institution from January 1, 2012, to April 1, 2020 was conducted. Primary objective was to compare progression free survival (PFS) for EVE+EXE between patients with and without prior exposure to CDK4/6 inhibitors. Secondary outcomes included overall survival and safety. RESULTS: 192 patients were included in the study (n = 79, prior CDK4/6 inhibitor use; n = 113, no prior CDK4/6 inhibitor use). Baseline patient characteristics were similar between groups. Greater number of prior therapies before EVE+EXE use increased risk of disease progression (P = .017). Patients with prior CDK4/6 inhibitor use had a lower median PFS of 3.8 months (95% CI: 3.4-4.7) vs. 5.4 months (95% CI: 3.9-6.2) for patients without prior CDK4/6 inhibitor use, with a HR for progression of 1.46 (95% CI: 1.08 to 1.97, P = .013). Overall survival between groups was not significantly different. CONCLUSION: Patients who received a prior CDK4/6 inhibitor had a lower median PFS benefit from EVE+EXE compared to those who did not, without differences in overall survival. Although PFS is expected to decrease with subsequent lines of therapy, it is reasonable to use EVE+EXE after CDK4/6 inhibitors in selected patients, recognizing that additional benefit is modest.

16.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741399

RESUMO

Increased abnormal spindle-like microcephaly (ASPM) expression has been linked to clinical stage and poor prognosis in cancers, but the molecular mechanisms by which ASPM promotes cell metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been identified. This study showed that the abilities of cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were attenuated in ASPM-deficient CRC cell lines. Furthermore, we reported that attenuation of ASPM expression inhibited CRC cell metastasis in vivo. Additionally, the expression of ASPM was positively correlated with ß-catenin level in CRC tissues. Mechanistically, ASPM can upregulate ß-catenin transcription by stimulating the ß-catenin promoter and enhancing the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin in CRC cells, which leads to the activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Finally, we showed that ASPM effectively induced CRC cell migration and invasion in a ß-catenin-dependent manner.

17.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747287

RESUMO

A new dihydroflavone, 2(S)-isookanin-4'-methoxy-8-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (1), and a new polyacetylene glucoside, (10S)-tridecane-2E-ene-4,6,8-triyne-1-ol-10-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (2), along with seven known compounds (3-9), were isolated from the herb of Bidens parviflora Willd. The structures of all the extracted compounds were elucidated by HR-ESI-MS, 1 D and 2 D NMR spectra, as well as circular dichroism (CD).

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(43): 24834-24841, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719695

RESUMO

The speed with which electronic products are updated is continuously increasing. Consequently, since waste electronic products can cause serious environmental pollution, the demand for electronic products made of biological materials is becoming increasingly urgent. Although biological memristors have significant advantages, their electrical characteristics still do not meet the requirements to be used in future nonvolatile memories. Therefore, how to control their electrical characteristics has become a popular topic of research. In this study, tunable biomemristors with an Al/tussah blood (TB)-carbon nanotube (CNT)/indium tin oxide (ITO)/glass structure were fabricated. Such a device exhibits stable bipolar resistance switching behavior and good retention characteristics (104 s). Experimental results show that the ON/OFF current ratio can be effectively controlled by modifying the CNT concentration in the TB-CNT composite film. Multilevel (8 levels, 3 bits per cell) storage capabilities can be achieved in the device by controlling its compliance current in order to achieve high-density storage. The resistance switching behavior originates from the formation and rupture of conductive oxygen vacancy filaments. TB is a promising natural biomaterial in the field of green electronics, and this research could blaze a new trail for the development of biological memory devices. Biomemristors with multilevel resistance states can be used as electronic synapses and are one of the choices for simulating biological synapses.

19.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 879-891, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760335

RESUMO

RNA editing is widely involved in stem cell differentiation and development; however, RNA editing events during human cardiomyocyte differentiation have not yet been characterized and elucidated. Here, we identified genome-wide RNA editing sites and systemically characterized their genomic distribution during four stages of human cardiomyocyte differentiation. It was found that the expression level of ADAR1 affected the global number of adenosine to inosine (A-to-I) editing sites but not the editing degree. Next, we identified 43, 163, 544, and 141 RNA editing sites that contribute to changes in amino acid sequences, variation in alternative splicing, alterations in miRNA-target binding, and changes in gene expression, respectively. Generally, RNA editing showed a stage-specific pattern with 211 stage-shared editing sites. Interestingly, cardiac muscle contraction and heart-disease-related pathways were enriched by cardio-specific editing genes, emphasizing the connection between cardiomyocyte differentiation and heart diseases from the perspective of RNA editing. Finally, it was found that these RNA editing sites are also related to several congenital and noncongenital heart diseases. Together, our study provides a new perspective on cardiomyocyte differentiation and offers more opportunities to understand the mechanisms underlying cell fate determination, which can promote the development of cardiac regenerative medicine and therapies for human heart diseases.

20.
Small ; : e2105209, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761520

RESUMO

Plasmonic nanostructures have raised the interest of biomedical applications of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). To improve the enhancement and produce sensitive SERS probes, porous Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles (NPs) are synthesized by dealloying Au-Ag alloy NP-precursors with Au or Ag core in aqueous colloidal environment through galvanic replacement reaction. The novel designed core-shell Au-Ag alloy NP-precursors facilitate controllable synthesis of porous nanostructure, and dealloying degree during the reaction has significant effect on structural and spectral properties of dealloyed porous NPs. Narrow-dispersed dealloyed NPs are obtained using NPs of Au/Ag ratio from 10/90 to 40/60 with Au and Ag core to produce solid core@porous shell and porous nanoshells, having rough surface, hollowness, and porosity around 30-60%. The clean nanostructure from colloidal synthesis exhibits a redshifted plasmon peak up to near-infrared region, and the large accessible surface induces highly localized surface plasmon resonance and generates robust SERS activity. Thus, the porous NPs produce intensely enhanced Raman signal up to 68-fold higher than 100 nm AuNP enhancement at single-particle level, and the estimated Raman enhancement around 7800, showing the potential for highly sensitive SERS probes. The single-particle SERS probes are effectively demonstrated in quantitative monitoring of anticancer drug Doxorubicin release.

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