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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613579

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although urgent orbital decompression surgery for sight-threatening Graves' orbitopathy unresponsive to available medical treatments continues to evolve, post-operative new-onset or worsened pre-operative strabismus or diplopia remains a significant complication. At present, the optimal surgical technique remains debatable. Here, we sought to compare long-term outcomes after balanced medial-lateral wall versus selective 3-wall decompression as an urgent treatment for unresponsive sight-threatening GO. METHODS: This retrospective study examined the post-operative outcome of 102 eyes (57 patients) that underwent urgent orbital decompression for sight-threatening GO. Treatment effectiveness was measured by visual acuity, proptosis, perimetry, and strabismus/diplopia, while fundus findings were detected by fundus color photography and optical coherence tomography and followed up for more than 12 months. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients (102 orbits) with an average age of 52.7 ± 10.2 years were evaluated. Balanced medial-lateral wall (BMLW-OD) or selective 3-wall decompression(S3W-OD) were performed in 54 and 48 eyes, respectively. Twelve months after orbital decompression, all parameters significantly improved in both groups, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean defect of visual field (VF-MD), pattern standard deviation of visual field (VF-PSD), and proptosis (all P < 0.01). However, new-onset esotropia occurred in 25.8% and 3.8% of patients who underwent BMLW-OD surgery or S3W-OD, respectively. Moreover, 6.5% and 38.5% of patients improved after decompression in the medial-lateral wall decompression group and the selective 3-wall decompression group, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that S3W-OD provides a lower rate of new-onset strabismus/diplopia as compared with BMLW-OD surgery, while still allowing for satisfactory visual outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:  : NCT05627401. Date of registration: November 25, 2022.

2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3034, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589429

RESUMO

Chronic stress induces anxiety disorders via both neural pathways and circulating factors. Although many studies have elucidated the neural circuits involved in stress-coping behaviors, the origin and regulatory mechanism of peripheral cytokines in behavioural regulation under stress conditions are not fully understood. Here, we identified a serum cytokine, lipocalin 2 (LCN2), that was upregulated in participants with anxiety disorders. Using a mouse model of chronic restraint stress (CRS), circulating LCN2 was found to be related to stress-induced anxiety-like behaviour via modulation of neural activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). These results suggest that stress increases hepatic LCN2 via a neural pathway, leading to disrupted cortical functions and behaviour.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Fígado/metabolismo
3.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598065

RESUMO

Our previous studies have highlighted the pivotal role of gastric cancer mesenchymal stem cells (GCMSCs) in tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis. In parallel, it is well-documented that endothelial cells (ECs) undergo functional alterations in response to challenging tumor microenvironment. This study aims to elucidate whether functional changes in ECs might be induced by GCMSCs and thus influence cancer progression. Cell proliferation was assessed through CCK-8 and colony formation assays, while cell migration and invasion capabilities were evaluated by wound-healing and Transwell assays. Immunohistochemistry was employed to examine protein distribution and expression levels. Additionally, quantitative analysis of protein and mRNA expression was carried out through Western blotting and qRT-PCR respectively, with gene knockdown achieved using siRNA. Our findings revealed that GCMSCs effectively stimulate cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), both in vitro and in vivo. GCMSCs promote the migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells by inducing the expression of Slit2 in HUVECs. Notably, the inhibition of phosphorylated AKT partially mitigates the aforementioned effects. In conclusion, GCMSCs may exert regulatory control over Slit2 expression in ECs via the AKT signaling pathway, thereby inducing functional changes in ECs that promote tumor progression.

4.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 16: 1390324, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586827

RESUMO

Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) was initially recognized as a significant regulator of cancer suppression and could impede cancer cell survival, proliferation, and energy metabolism. PTEN is highly expressed in neurons and performs crucial functions in neurogenesis, synaptogenesis, and neuronal survival. Disruption of PTEN activity may also result in abnormal neuronal function and is associated with various neurological disorders, including stroke, seizures, and autism. Although several studies have shown that PTEN is involved in the development and degenerative processes of the nervous system, there is still a lack of in-depth studies that summarize and analyse patterns of cooperation between authors, institutions, countries, and journals, as well as research hotspots and trends in this important field. To identify and further visualize the cooperation and comprehend the development and trends of PTEN in the nervous system, especially in neural development and neurological diseases, we used a bibliometric analysis to identify relevant publications on this topic. We first found that the number of publications displayed a growing trend with time, but this was not stable. Universities, institutions, and authors from the United States are leading in this area of research. In addition, many cutting-edge research results have been discovered, such as key regulatory molecules and cellular mechanisms of PTEN in the nervous system, which may provide novel intervention targets and precise therapeutic strategies for related pathological injuries and diseases. Finally, the literature published within the last 5 years is discussed to identify future research trends regarding PTEN in the nervous system. Taken together, our findings, analysed using bibliometrics, may reflect research hotspots and trends, providing a reference for studying PTEN in the nervous system, especially in neural development and neurological diseases. These findings can assist new researchers in developing their research interests and gaining basic information. Moreover, our findings also may provide precise clinical guidelines and strategies for treating nervous system injuries and diseases caused by PTEN dysfunction.

5.
J Econ Entomol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592125

RESUMO

Given the rapid spread and potential harm caused by the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in China, it has become imperative to comprehend the developmental biology of this invasive species. Currently, there is limited knowledge regarding the impact of A. tumida female oviposition site preference on larval growth and development. To examine this, we investigated the ovipositional preference of adult female A. tumida on bee pupae, beebread, banana, and honey through a free choice test. Furthermore, we assessed the impact of these food resources on offspring performance, which included larval development time, survival, wandering larvae weight, emerged adult body mass, reproduction, and juvenile hormone titer. Our results showed that A. tumida females exhibited a strong preference for ovipositing on bee pupae compared to other diets, while showing reluctance toward honey. Moreover, A. tumida larvae that were fed on bee pupae displayed accelerated growth compared to those fed on other diets. Furthermore, A. tumida fed on bee pupae exhibited higher weights for wandering larvae, and emerged adult, increased pupation rates, enhanced fecundity and fertility, as well as a larger number of unilateral ovarioles during the larval stage when compared to those fed on other diets. Overall, the results indicate that the oviposition preferences of A. tumida females are adaptive, as their choices can enhance the fitness of their offspring. This finding aligns broadly with the hypothesis of oviposition preference and larval performance. This study can provide a foundation for the development of attractants aimed at promoting the oviposition of the A. tumida adults.

6.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611660

RESUMO

Clustered ring enhancement (CRE) is a new lexicon for non-mass enhancement (NME) of breast MR in the 5th BIRADS, indicating a high suspicion of malignancy. We wonder if the presence of CRE correlates with expression of prognostic molecular biomarkers of breast cancer. A total of 58 breast lesions, which MRI reported with NME, were collected between July 2013 and December 2018. The patterns of enhancement including CRE were reviewed and the pathological results with expression of molecular biomarkers were collected. The association between MRI NME, pathological, and IHC stain findings were investigated under univariate analysis. A total of 58 breast lesions were pathologically proven to have breast cancer, comprising 31 lesions with CRE and 27 lesions without CRE on breast MRI. The expression of the estrogen receptor (ER) (p = 0.017) and the progesterone receptor (PR) (p = 0.017) was significantly lower in lesions with CRE as compared with those without CRE. The expression of Ki-67 (≥25%) was significantly higher in lesions with CRE (p = 0.046). The lesions with CRE had a lower expression ratio of ER (50.71 ± 45.39% vs. 74.26 ± 33.59%, p = 0.028). Our study indicated that lesions with CRE may possess different features from those without CRE in molecular expression, bearing a more aggressive behavior.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18299, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613355

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disorder affecting the lungs that involves the overexpressed extracellular matrix, scarring and stiffening of tissue. The repair of lung tissue after injury relies heavily on Type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEII), and repeated damage to these cells is a crucial factor in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Studies have demonstrated that chronic exposure to PM2.5, a form of air pollution, leads to an increase in the incidence and severity of pulmonary fibrosis by stimulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in lung epithelial cells. Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a bioactive compound found naturally that exhibits potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The mechanism by which PQQ prevents pulmonary fibrosis caused by exposure to PM2.5 through EMT has not been thoroughly discussed until now. In the current study, we discovered that PQQ successfully prevented PM2.5-induced pulmonary fibrosis by targeting EMT. The results indicated that PQQ was able to inhibit the expression of type I collagen, a well-known fibrosis marker, in AEII cells subjected to long-term PM2.5 exposure. We also found the alterations of cellular structure and EMT marker expression in AEII cells with PM2.5 incubation, which were reduced by PQQ treatment. Furthermore, prolonged exposure to PM2.5 considerably reduced cell migratory ability, but PQQ treatment helped in reducing it. In vivo animal experiments indicated that PQQ could reduce EMT markers and enhance pulmonary function. Overall, these results imply that PQQ might be useful in clinical settings to prevent pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Cofator PQQ/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Material Particulado/toxicidade
8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 26(3): 275-281, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nutritional status of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and understand the correlation between malnutrition and clinical characteristics as well as lung function. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data of CF children admitted from January 2016 to June 2023. Clinical characteristics of CF children with different nutritional statuses were compared, and the correlation between malnutrition and lung function was analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 52 CF children were included, comprising 25 boys (48%) and 27 girls (52%), aged between 7 months and 17 years. Respiratory symptoms were the predominant clinical manifestations (96%, 50/52). The prevalence of malnutrition was 65% (34/52), with moderate/severe malnutrition being the most common (65%, 22/34). The malnutrition group had a longer duration of illness, higher proportion of digestive system symptoms, and lower levels of serum albumin (P<0.05). Pulmonary function parameters, including forced expiratory volume in one second as a percentage of the predicted value, ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity, forced expiratory flow at 25% of forced vital capacity exhaled, forced expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity exhaled, forced expiratory flow at 75% of forced vital capacity exhaled, and maximum mid-expiratory flow as a percentage of the predicted value, were lower in the malnutrition group compared to the normal nutrition group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed body mass index Z-score was positively correlated with the above six pulmonary function parameters (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of malnutrition is high in CF children and is associated with decreased lung function. CF children with higher body mass index have better lung function. Therefore, screening and evaluation of nutritional status as well as appropriate nutritional intervention should be emphasized in CF children.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Desnutrição , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Pulmão , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/complicações
9.
Semin Dial ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of refractory peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis as well as the risk factors of its occurrence and treatment failure. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted among 519 patients undergoing PD from January 2007 to October 2021. According to the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis guidelines, all episodes occurred in our center were divided into two groups: refractory and nonrefractory. Demographic, biochemical, and pathogenic bacteria and treatment outcome data were collected. RESULTS: During the 15-year period, 282 episodes of peritonitis occurred in 166 patients undergoing PD. The refractory rate was 34.0% (96/282). Gram-positive organisms were the leading cause of peritonitis (47.9%); however, gram-negative organisms were predominant in refractory peritonitis (34.4%, p = 0.002). Multiple logistic regression revealed that gram-negative organism-based peritonitis, longer PD duration, and female sex were the significant independent predictors of refractory peritonitis. Among 96 refractory episodes, white blood cell (WBC) count, dialysate WBC on Day 3, and PD duration ≥5 years were the independent risk factors of treatment failure. CONCLUSIONS: Gram-negative organism-based peritonitis, longer PD duration, and female sex were the independent risk factors of refractory peritonitis. Refractory peritonitis with higher WBC count, higher dialysate WBC on Day 3, and PD duration ≥5 years increased treatment failure risk and required immediate PD catheter removal. The timely identification of refractory peritonitis with high risk of treatment failure as well as timely PD catheter removal is important.

10.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(4)2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498522

RESUMO

As the only aquatic lineage of Pteridaceae, Parkerioideae is distinct from many xeric-adapted species of the family and consists of the freshwater Ceratopteris species and the only mangrove ferns from the genus Acrostichum. Previous studies have shown that whole genome duplication (WGD) has occurred in Parkerioideae at least once and may have played a role in their adaptive evolution; however, more in-depth research regarding this is still required. In this study, comparative and evolutionary transcriptomics analyses were carried out to identify WGDs and explore their roles in the environmental adaptation of Parkerioideae. Three putative WGD events were identified within Parkerioideae, two of which were specific to Ceratopteris and Acrostichum, respectively. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that the lineage-specific WGD events have played a role in the adaptation of Parkerioideae to the low oxygen concentrations of aquatic habitats, as well as different aquatic environments of Ceratopteris and Acrostichum, such as the adaptation of Ceratopteris to reduced light levels and the adaptation of Acrostichum to high salinity. Positive selection analysis further provided evidence that the putative WGD events may have facilitated the adaptation of Parkerioideae to changes in habitat. Moreover, the gene family analysis indicated that the plasma membrane H+-ATPase (AHA), vacuolar H+-ATPase (VHA), and suppressor of K+ transport growth defect 1 (SKD1) may have been involved in the high salinity adaptation of Acrostichum. Our study provides new insights into the evolution and adaptations of Parkerioideae in different aquatic environments.

11.
Phytomedicine ; 127: 155391, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the commonest cancers worldwide. Metastasis is the most common cause of death in patients with CRC. Arenobufagin is an active component of bufadienolides, extracted from toad skin and parotid venom. Arenobufagin reportedly inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis in various cancers. However, the mechanism through which arenobufagin inhibits CRC metastasis remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which arenobufagin inhibits CRC metastasis. METHODS: Wound-healing and transwell assays were used to assess the migration and invasion of CRC cells. The expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the CRC tissues was assessed using immunohistochemistry. The protein expression levels of c-MYC and Nrf2 were detected by immunoblotting. A mouse model of lung metastasis was used to study the effects of arenobufagin on CRC lung metastasis in vivo. RESULTS: Arenobufagin observably inhibited the migration and invasion of CRC cells by downregulating c-MYC and inactivating the Nrf2 signaling pathway. Pretreatment with the Nrf2 inhibitor brusatol markedly enhanced arenobufagin-mediated inhibition of migration and invasion, whereas pretreatment with the Nrf2 agonist tert­butylhydroquinone significantly attenuated arenobufagin-mediated inhibition of migration and invasion of CRC cells. Furthermore, Nrf2 knockdown with short hairpin RNA enhanced the arenobufagin-induced inhibition of the migration and invasion of CRC cells. Importantly, c-MYC acts as an upstream modulator of Nrf2 in CRC cells. c-MYC knockdown markedly enhanced arenobufagin-mediated inhibition of the Nrf2 signaling pathway, cell migration, and invasion. Arenobufagin inhibited CRC lung metastasis in vivo. Together, these findings provide evidence that interruption of the c-MYC/Nrf2 signaling pathway is crucial for arenobufagin-inhibited cell metastasis in CRC. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings show that arenobufagin could be used as a potential anticancer agent against CRC metastasis. The arenobufagin-targeted c-MYC/Nrf2 signaling pathway may be a novel chemotherapeutic strategy for treating CRC.


Assuntos
Bufanolídeos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Movimento Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células , Metástase Neoplásica
12.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27154, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524574

RESUMO

Importance: Breast milk is the safest food for infants and has many psychological and physical benefits for infants and mothers. However, problems encountered during the breastfeeding process can reduce postpartum women's willingness to breastfeed. Lactation and engorgement may be improved through Traditional Chinese Medicine auxiliary therapy. However, the overall efficacy of various Traditional Chinese Medicine auxiliary therapies and the relevant meridians and acupuncture points for treating breast milk deficiency remain unclear. Objective: To investigate Traditional Chinese Medicine auxiliary therapy's effectiveness and acupoints for postpartum women who experience problems during the breastfeeding process. Methods: Data were sourced from Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, CNKI, PubMed, and the Airiti Library Central Register of Controlled Trials and Clinical Trials from the database inception to October 2022. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Main outcome measures: The primary outcomes were overall efficiency, prolactin level, milk volume, and breast engorgement in postpartum women with lactation deficiency after-assisted therapies and the correlation between meridian points and milk secretion. Results: A total of 1,516 studies were initially identified, and 357 articles were assessed. In the final analysis, 20 studies were included, covering various Traditional Chinese Medicine therapies (acupuncture, acupressure, scrapping, moxibustion cupping, etc.) to stimulate relative acupoints without any acupoint stimulation. The overall efficiency (odds ratio [OR] = 14.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.49 to 30.92), prolactin level (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.074 to 0.64), improvement of milk volume (SMD = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.59 to 1.29), reduction of engorgement level (OR= 18, 95% CI = 8.34 to 38.82) demonstrated that Traditional Chinese Medicine therapies can effectively improve lactation and breast fullness, thereby helping patients with breast milk deficiency. The most common acupuncture points used to treat agalactia were classified as the Stomach Meridian, Small Intestine Meridian, and Conception Vessel, with the common acupoints CV17: Danzhong, ST18: Rugen, SI1: Shaoze, ST36: Zusanli, and ST16: Yingchuang. Conclusion: Adjuvant Traditional Chinese Medicine therapy can improve lactation and breast engorgement, thereby increasing the willingness to breastfeed. Clinical Finding: 1. The best time for Traditional Chinese Medicine acupoint intervention for breast deficiency treatment is within 24 h 2. The most effective acupuncture points for improving milk deficiency and bloating pain are ST18: Rugen, ST16: Yingchuang, ST36: Zusanli, SI1: Shaoze, CV17: Danzhong. 3. Traditional Chinese Medicine is non-invasive and effective techniques such as scraping, cupping, acupressure and ear peas. 4. Traditional Chinese Medicine can be combined with other different acupuncture points according to the different constitutions of post-partum women. Breast acupressure, ear acupuncture, scrapping, cupping, and moxibustion are noninvasive treatments that can effectively help patients during lactation, and their clinical practice should be considered and widely promoted.

13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 203, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quinoa leaves demonstrate a diverse array of colors, offering a potential enhancement to landscape aesthetics and the development of leisure-oriented sightseeing agriculture in semi-arid regions. This study utilized integrated transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to investigate the mechanisms underlying anthocyanin synthesis in both emerald green and pink quinoa leaves. RESULTS: Integrated transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses indicated that both flavonoid biosynthesis pathway (ko00941) and anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway (ko00942) were significantly associated with anthocyanin biosynthesis. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) were analyzed between the two germplasms during different developmental periods. Ten DEGs were verified using qRT-PCR, and the results were consistent with those of the transcriptomic sequencing. The elevated expression of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS), 4-coumarate CoA ligase (4CL) and Hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (HCT), as well as the reduced expression of flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H) and Flavonol synthase (FLS), likely cause pink leaf formation. In addition, bHLH14, WRKY46, and TGA indirectly affected the activities of CHS and 4CL, collectively regulating the levels of cyanidin 3-O-(3'', 6''-O-dimalonyl) glucoside and naringenin. The diminished expression of PAL, 4CL, and HCT decreased the formation of cyanidin-3-O-(6"-O-malonyl-2"-O-glucuronyl) glucoside, leading to the emergence of emerald green leaves. Moreover, the lowered expression of TGA and WRKY46 indirectly regulated 4CL activity, serving as another important factor in maintaining the emerald green hue in leaves N1, N2, and N3. CONCLUSION: These findings establish a foundation for elucidating the molecular regulatory mechanisms governing anthocyanin biosynthesis in quinoa leaves, and also provide some theoretical basis for the development of leisure and sightseeing agriculture.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Chenopodium quinoa , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Chenopodium quinoa/genética , Chenopodium quinoa/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Transcriptoma , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Glucosídeos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
14.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 9(3): 357-360, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516230

RESUMO

Hericium erinaceus (Bull.:Fr.) Pers., 1797, is an edible and medicinal fungus found in China. In this study, specimens of H. erinaceus HE0021 were collected from southeastern China (Yunhe County, Lishui City, Zhejiang Province, 28°7'12″N, 119°34'12″E). The whole mitochondrial genome of H. erinaceus HE0021 was sequenced using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology, which comprised 15 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 27 transfer RNAs (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNAs, with a total length of 83,518 base pairs (bp). The results of the phylogenetic analysis show that H. erinaceus and H. coralloides were clustered in the same clade. The complete mitogenome sequence provides essential data for the subsequent investigation of Hericium and Russulales.

15.
Epigenomics ; 16(7): 461-472, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482663

RESUMO

Aim: To elucidate the epigenetic consequences of DNA methylation in healthspan termination (HST), considering the current limited understanding. Materials & methods: Genetically predicted DNA methylation models were established (n = 2478). These models were applied to genome-wide association study data on HST. Then, a poly-methylation risk score (PMRS) was established in 241,008 individuals from the UK Biobank. Results: Of the 63,046 CpGs from the prediction models, 13 novel CpGs were associated with HST. Furthermore, people with high PMRSs showed higher HST risk (hazard ratio: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.13-1.25). Conclusion: The study indicates that DNA methylation may influence HST by regulating the expression of genes (e.g., PRMT6, CTSK). PMRSs have a promising application in discriminating subpopulations to facilitate early prevention.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fatores de Risco , Marcadores Genéticos , Ilhas de CpG , Proteínas Nucleares , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases
16.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; 91(3): e13837, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514448

RESUMO

PROBLEM: Studies on subsequent pregnancy loss prediction models specific for recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) patients are very limited. This study aims to develop a risk predictive model based on the immunological parameters for the subsequent pregnancy loss risk in northwest Chinese RPL patients. METHOD OF STUDY: Totally of 357 RPL patients recruited from Lanzhou University Second Hospital were included in this retrospective study. Univariate analysis was performed on RPL patients with outcomes of live birth or pregnancy loss. Subsequently, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression and multivariate logistic regression were utilized to select variables among baseline and clinical characteristics and to develop a pregnancy loss risk prediction model with all 357 RPL patients. The area under the curve (AUC), calibration curve and decision curve analyses were used to evaluate the performance of the prediction model; moreover, 10-fold cross-validation was used for internal validation. RESULTS: Ten factors of maternal age, age of menarche, previous pregnancy loss, IL-10, complement 4, IgA, antiprothrombin antibody IgG/IgM, rheumatoid factor IgA, and lupus anticoagulant (LA) 1/LA2 ratio were finally selected as variables for the prediction model of pregnancy loss risk. The AUC value and Hosmer-Lemeshow test p-value of the model were .707 and .599, respectively, indicating a satisfactory discrimination and calibration performance. Moreover, the clinical decision curve suggested this prediction model have a good positive net benefit. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first prediction model for the risk of subsequent pregnancy loss in northwest Chinese women with RPL, providing a user-friendly tool to clinicians for the early prediction and timely management of RPL patients.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aborto Habitual/epidemiologia , Nascido Vivo , Fatores Imunológicos , Imunoglobulina A
17.
Chin Med Sci J ; 39(1): 54-68, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426411

RESUMO

Objective Dexmedetomidine (Dex) is a highly selective α2 adrenoceptor agonist that reduces blood pressure and heart rate. However, its ability to provide stable hemodynamics and a clinically significant reduction in blood loss in spine surgery is still a matter of debate. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Dex on intraoperative hemodynamics and blood loss in patients undergoing spine surgery.Methods The Web of Science, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to February 2023 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including patients undergoing spine surgeries under general anaesthesia and comparing Dex and saline. A fixed- or random-effect model was used depending on heterogeneity.Results Twenty-one RCTs, including 1388 patients, were identified. Dex added the overall risk of intraoperative hypotension (odds ratio [OR]: 2.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24 - 3.58; P=0.006) and bradycardia (OR: 2.48; 95%CI: 1.57 - 3.93; P=0.0001). The use of a loading dose of Dex led to significantly increased risks of intraoperative hypotension (OR: 2.00; 95%CI: 1.06 - 3.79; P=0.03) and bradycardia (OR: 2.28; 95%CI: 1.42 - 3.66; P=0.0007). For patients receiving total intravenous anesthesia, there was an increased risk of hypotension (OR: 2.90; 95%CI: 1.24 - 6.82; P=0.01) and bradycardia (OR: 2.66; 95%CI: 1.53 - 4.61; P=0. 0005). For patients in the inhalation anesthesia group, only an increased risk of bradycardia (OR: 4.95; 95%CI: 1.41 - 17.37; P=0.01) was observed. No significant increase in the risk of hypotension and bradycardia was found in the combined intravenous-inhalation anesthesia group. The incidence of severe hypotension (OR: 2.57; 95%CI: 1.05 - 6.32; P=0.04), but not mild hypotension, was increased. Both mild (OR: 2.55; 95%CI: 1.06 - 6.15; P=0.04) and severe (OR: 2.45; 95%CI: 1.43 - 4.20; P=0.001) bradycardia were associated with a higher risk. The overall analyses did not reveal significant reduction in intraoperative blood loss. However, a significant decrease in blood loss was observed in total inhalation anesthesia subgroup (mean difference [MD]: -82.97; 95%CI: -109.04 - -56.90; P<0.001).Conclusions Dex increases the risks of intraoperative hypotension and bradycardia in major spine surgery. The administration of a loading dose of Dex and the utilization of various anesthesia maintenance methods may potentially impact hemodynamic stability and intraoperative blood loss.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Hipotensão , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Bradicardia/induzido quimicamente , Bradicardia/tratamento farmacológico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Hemodinâmica , Anestesia Geral , Hipotensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Hipotensão/tratamento farmacológico
18.
ACS Nano ; 18(14): 10312-10323, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533779

RESUMO

Defect engineering is essential for the development of efficient electrocatalysts at the atomic level. While most work has focused on various vacancies as effective catalytic modulators, little attention has been paid to the relation between the local atomic environment of vacancies and catalytic activities. To face this challenge, we report a facile synthetic approach to manipulate the local atomic environments of vacancies in MoS2 with tunable Mo-to-S ratios. Our studies indicate that the MoS2 with more Mo terminated vacancies exhibits better hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance than MoS2 with S terminated vacancies and defect-free MoS2. The improved performance originates from the adjustable orbital orientation and distribution, which is beneficial for regulating H adsorption and eventually boosting the intrinsic per-site activity. This work uncovers the underlying essence of the local atomic environment of vacancies on catalysis and provides a significant extension of defect engineering for the rational design of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) catalysts and beyond.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133894, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452668

RESUMO

Exposure to different types of nanoparticles (NPs) results in their deposition in human bodies. While most studies have examined the cellular uptake of only one type of NP at a time, how the dynamics of NP uptake may change in the presence of other types of NPs remains unclear. We therefore investigated the interplay of two differently sized SiO2 NPs during their uptake by A549 human lung carcinoma cells. Both NPs contained a CdSeTe core, which was labeled with different Cd isotopes to differentiate between them. Our study showed that the uptake of one size of SiO2 NPs either increased or decreased with the concentration of the other size of SiO2 NPs. This variation in uptake was attributable to the concentration-dependent aggregation of SiO2 NPs, as determined by the amount of cell-excreted proteins adsorbed on the NP surface. Further, the effects of the protein corona on the attachment of SiO2 NPs to the cell surface and uptake competition between differently sized SiO2 NPs also played important roles. Cell-excreted proteins were then analyzed by proteomics. Overall, the complex interactions between coexisting NPs of different physicochemical properties and cell-excreted proteins should be considered during bio-applications and bio-safety evaluations of NPs.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Dióxido de Silício , Humanos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular , Membrana Celular/metabolismo
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171608, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492588

RESUMO

The ubiquitous presence of emerging contaminants (ECs) in the environment and their associated adverse effects has raised concerns about their potential risks. The increased toxicity observed during the environmental transformation of ECs is often linked to the formation of their transformation products (TPs). However, comprehension of their formation mechanisms and contribution to the increased toxicity remains an unresolved challenge. To address this gap, by combining quantum chemical and molecular simulations with photochemical experiments in water, this study investigated the formation of TPs and their molecular interactions related to estrogenic effect using the photochemical degradation of benzylparaben (BZP) preservative as a representative example. A non-targeted analysis was carried out and three previously unknown TPs were identified during the transformation of BZP. Noteworthy, two of these novel TPs, namely oligomers BZP-o-phenol and BZP-m-phenol, exhibited higher estrogenic activities compared to the parent BZP. Their IC50 values of 0.26 and 0.50 µM, respectively, were found to be lower than that of the parent BZP (6.42 µM). The binding free energies (ΔGbind) of BZP-o-phenol and BZP-m-phenol (-29.71 to -23.28 kcal·mol-1) were lower than that of the parent BZP (-20.86 kcal·mol-1), confirming their stronger binding affinities toward the estrogen receptor (ER) α-ligand binding domain. Subsequent analysis unveiled that these hydrophobic residues contributed most favorably to ER binding, with van der Waals interactions playing a significant role. In-depth examination of the formation mechanisms indicated that these toxic TPs primarily originated from the successive cleavage of ester bonds (OCH2C6H5 and COO group), followed by their combination with BZP*. This study provides valuable insight into the mechanisms underlying the formation of toxic TPs and their binding interactions causing the endocrine-disrupting effects. It offers a crucial framework for elucidating the toxicological patterns of ECs with similar structures.


Assuntos
Estrogênios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Estrogênios/toxicidade , Parabenos/toxicidade , Parabenos/análise , Fotólise , Conservantes Farmacêuticos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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