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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723492

RESUMO

As a special carbon material, graphdiyne (GDY) features the superiorities of incomplete charge transfer effect on the atomic level, tunable electronic structure and anchoring metal atoms directly with organometallic coordination bonds M (metal)-C (alkynyl carbon in GDY), providing it an ideal platform to construct single-atom catalysts (ACs). The coordination environment of single atoms anchored on GDY plays a key role in their catalytic performance. The mini-review highlights state-of-the-art progress in the rational design of GDY-based ACs and their applications, and mainly reveals the relationship between the coordination engineering of the GDY-based ACs and corresponding catalytic performance. Finally, some prospects concerning the future development of GDY-based ACs in energy conversion are also discussed.

2.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677199

RESUMO

Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that exist in body circulation as intercellular message transmitters. Although the potential of tumor-derived exosomes for non-invasive cancer diagnosis is promising, the rapid detection and effective capture of exosomes remains challenging. Herein, a portable electrochemical aptasensor of cubic AuPt dendritic nanocrystals (AuPt DNs)/Ti3C2 assisted in signal amplification, and aptamer CD63 modified graphene oxide (GO) was immobilized on a screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) as the substrate materials for the direct capture and detection of colorectal carcinoma exosomes. Cubic AuPt DNs/Ti3C2 was synthesized according to a simple hydrothermal procedure, and the AuPt DNs/Ti3C2-Apt hybrid demonstrated an efficient recognition of exosomes. Under optimal conditions, a detection limit of down to 20 exosomes µL-1 was achieved with the linear range from 100 exosomes µL-1 to 5.0 × 105 exosomes µL-1. The proposed immunosensor could be suitable for the analysis of exosomes and has clinical value in the early diagnosis of cancer.

3.
Ren Fail ; 45(1): 2162415, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both sepsis and AKI are diseases of major concern in intensive care unit (ICU). This study aimed to evaluate the excess mortality attributable to sepsis for acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: A propensity score-matched analysis on a multicenter prospective cohort study in 18 Chinese ICUs was performed. Propensity score was sequentially conducted to match AKI patients with and without sepsis on day 1, day 2, and day 3-5. The primary outcome was hospital death of AKI patients. RESULTS: A total of 2008 AKI patients (40.9%) were eligible for the study. Of the 1010 AKI patients with sepsis, 619 (61.3%) were matched to 619 AKI patients in whom sepsis did not develop during the screening period of the study. The hospital mortality rate of matched AKI patients with sepsis was 205 of 619 (33.1%) compared with 150 of 619 (24.0%) for their matched AKI controls without sepsis (p = 0.001). The attributable mortality of total sepsis for AKI patients was 9.1% (95% CI: 4.8-13.3%). Of the matched patients with sepsis, 328 (53.0%) diagnosed septic shock. The attributable mortality of septic shock for AKI was 16.2% (95% CI: 11.3-20.8%, p < 0.001). Further, the attributable mortality of sepsis for AKI was 1.4% (95% CI: 4.1-5.9%, p = 0.825). CONCLUSIONS: The attributable hospital mortality of total sepsis for AKI were 9.1%. Septic shock contributes to major excess mortality rate for AKI than sepsis. REGISTRATION FOR THE MULTICENTER PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY: registration number ChiCTR-ECH-13003934.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Sepse , Humanos , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico
4.
Planta ; 257(2): 45, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695892

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: This study reported seven new plastomes from Impatiens and observed three highly variable regions for phylogeny and DNA barcoding, which resolved the relationships among sections of subgenus Impatiens. Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae, Ericales) is one of the largest and most diverse genera of angiosperms, widely known for its taxonomic difficulty. In this study, we reevaluated the infrageneric relationships within the genus Impatiens, using complete plastome sequence data. Seven complete plastomes of Impatiens (representing 6 species) were newly sequenced and characterized along with 20 previously published plastomes of other Impatiens species, plus 2 plastomes of outgroups (Hydrocera triflora, Balsaminaceae; Marcgravia coriacea, Marcgraviaceae). The total size of these 29 plastomes ranged from 151,538 bp to 152,917 bp, except 2 samples of Impatiens morsei, which exhibited a shorter length and lost some genes encoding NADH dehydrogenase subunits. Moreover, the number of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) ranged from 51 to 113, and the number of long repeats from 17 to 26. In addition, three highly variable regions were identified (trnG-GCC (The previous one), ndhF-rpl32-trnL-UGA-ccsA, and ycf1). Our phylogenomic analysis based on 80 plastome-derived protein-coding genes strongly supported the monophyly of Impatiens and its two subgenera (Clavicarpa and Impatiens), and fully resolved relationships among the six (out of seven) sampled sections of subgenus Impatiens. Overall, the plastome DNA markers and phylogenetic results reported in this study will facilitate future identification, taxonomic and DNA barcoding studies in Impatiens as well as evolutionary studies in Balsaminaceae.


Assuntos
Balsaminaceae , Impatiens , Balsaminaceae/genética , Impatiens/genética , Filogenia , Sequência de Bases , Evolução Molecular
5.
Exp Cell Res ; 424(1): 113492, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702194

RESUMO

Lactate extensively involves in gastric cancer (GC) progression, such as suppressing immune cells function and facilitating tumor angiogenesis. However, it remains unclear whether lactate promotes tumor progression by interacting with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), one of the major stroma components in GC. Here, we investigated the influence of lactate on the phenotype and function of MSCs. The migration of MSCs and the expression of several CAF markers in MSCs after lactate treatment were detected. We also evaluated the effect of lactate-primed MSCs on GC cells migration, proliferation, and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. It was found that lactate significantly activated MSCs, and increased fibroblast activation protein (FAP) expression via monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1)/transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) signaling. In addition, lactate-primed MSCs promoted GC cells migration and proliferation via PD-L1. Inhibiting MCT1 by AZD3965 abrogated lactate induced FAP expression and tumor-promoting potential of MSCs. Therefore, targeting MCT1/TGF-ß1/FAP axis in MSCs may serve as a potential strategy to restrain GC development.

6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; : 15385744231154087, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705019

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of the double microcatheter technique in the treatment of saccular splenic artery aneurysms. METHODS: From November 2013 to October 2020, 56 patients with saccular splenic artery aneurysms underwent endovascular treatment with the double microcatheter technique at our institution. Technical success was defined as embolization of the aneurysmal cavity with no obstruction of the parent artery. Clinical success was defined as no deaths due to splenic artery aneurysms, and no reintervention, recrudescence or organ dysfunction at 1, 6, and 12 months. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 100%. No major complications related to angiography or embolization were observed. Minor complications included fever, pain, and nausea, and 13 patients developed minor complications. At 1 month, the rate of clinical success was 96.4%. At 6 and 12 months, the clinical success rate was 92.9%. There were no aneurysmal recurrences or necessities of reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: Coil embolization with the double microcatheter technique is a safe and effective modality for treating saccular splenic artery aneurysms and offers a reasonable choice for patients who want to retain their original hemodynamics.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 230: 123123, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603718

RESUMO

As a significant pest of rice the white-backed planthopper (WBPH) Sogatella furcifera is a focus of pest management. However, traditional chemical-based control methods risk the development of pesticide resistance as well as severe ecological repercussions. Although nanoparticle-encapsulated dsRNAs provide a promising alternative method for sustainable pest management, gene targets specific to WBPH have yet to be optimized. Genes in the tyrosine-melanin pathway impact epidermal melanization and sclerotization, two processes essential for insect development and metabolism, have been proposed as good candidate targets for pest management. Seven genes (aaNAT, black, DDC, ebony, tan, TH, and yellow-y) in this group were identified from WBPH genome and functionally characterized by using RNAi for their impact on WBPH body color, development, and mortality. Knockdown of SfDDC, Sfblack, SfaaNAT, and Sftan caused cuticles to turn black, whereas Sfyellow-y and Sfebony knockdown resulted in yellow coloration. SfTH knockdown resulted in pale-colored bodies and high mortality. Additionally, an Escherichia coli expression system for large-scale dsRNA production was coupled with star polycation nanoparticles to develop a sprayable RNAi method targeting SfTH that induced high WBPH mortality rates on rice seedlings. These findings lay the groundwork for the development of large-scale dsRNA nanoparticle sprays as a WBPH control method.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; : 161506, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626999

RESUMO

The intensive mining activities to extract rare earth elements from ion-adsorption rare earth deposits have introduced massive amounts of ammonium into the tailing soils in southern China. Compared to the ubiquitous soil nitrification in cropland, forest, and grassland soils, however, there is no feasible strategy to alleviate the ammonium contamination in tailing soil. Herein, the feasibility to remove ammonium by adding ammonium adsorbents (e.g., biochar, activated carbon, and zeolite), alkaline materials, and organic fertilizer to the rare earth mining soil was explored. The amendment of rice straw biochar, activated carbon, or zeolite in combination with CaCO3 and organic fertilizer showed no significant effect on ammonium removal due to their limited capacity to elevate soil pH. However, the co-application of peanut straw biochar (PSBC), CaCO3, and organic fertilizer activated both the ammonia volatilization and soil nitrification processes. Specifically, the three components functioned as follows: organic fertilizer supplied active ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB); PSBC stimulated AOB proliferation by elevating soil pH above 7.75; CaCO3 ameliorated soil acidity and reduced the lag time for activating soil nitrification. The soil ammonium removal and nitrate accumulation rates were positively correlated to the acid neutralization capacity of PSBC prepared at 400 °C-800 °C. The qPCR and microbial community analysis results indicated that Nitrosomonas europaea was the dominant AOB that was responsible for enhanced soil nitrification. Our findings pave the way for developing cost-effective strategies to remediate ammonium contamination in rare earth mining soils.

9.
Se Pu ; 41(1): 58-65, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633077

RESUMO

Organophosphate diesters (Di-OPEs) are biotic or abiotic degradation products of organophosphate esters (OPEs). Current analytical methods focus on detecting Di-OPEs in human urine. Human exposure to Di-OPEs in environmental matrices has not been systematically studied. Soil plays an important role in the environmental migration and transformation of organic pollutants. Previous studies found that OPEs are ubiquitous in soil. However, few studies reported OPEs metabolite pollution in soil, especially in facility vegetable soil. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPHLC-Orbitrap HRMS) method was developed for the determination of five Di-OPEs (bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP), bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BDCP), di-n-butyl phosphate (DnBP), diphenyl phosphate (DPhP), and bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (DEHP)) in the facility vegetable soil. The pretreatment process and chromatographic and mass spectrometric conditions were optimized in the present study. Comparative study of the purification effects of different solid-phase extraction columns showed that Oasis WAX cartridge had best purification efficiency for the five Di-OPEs. The cartridge was first activated using 3 mL methanol, 3 mL methanol containing 5% (v/v) ammonia, and 3 mL 0.1 mol/L sodium acetate-acetic acid buffer solution. Then, the cartridge was rinsed with 3 mL of 30% (v/v) methanol aqueous solution, and finally eluted using 8 mL methanol containing 5% (v/v) ammonia. The effects of mobile phase (with respect to solvent composition and flow rate) and column temperature on the shape and intensity of chromatographic peaks were studied. The optimized UHPLC conditions were as follows: chromatographic column, Thermo Accucore RP-MS; column temperature, 30 ℃; mobile phase, 0.2 mmol/L ammonium acetate aqueous solution and methanol; flow rate, 0.2 mL/min. In the UHPLC-Orbitrap HRMS experiment, the five Di-OPEs were analyzed in full MS mode with negative ionization. Instrumental parameters, such as sheath gas and auxiliary gas, were optimized to determine the MS conditions. The optimized Orbitrap HRMS conditions were as follows: heating electrospray ionization source (HESI), full MS mode with negative ionization; scan range, m/z 100-500; ion transfer tube temperature, 320 ℃; automatic gain control of target particle count, 1×106; sheath gas flow rate, 8.58 L/min; auxiliary gas flow rate, 17.40 L/min; spray voltage, 3.2 kV; and S-lens voltage, 50 V. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.001-0.047 ng/g and 0.004-0.156 ng/g, respectively. The correlation coefficients of the calibration curve were 0.9985-0.9999. At three spiked levels, 5.0, 25.0, and 50.0 ng/g, the recoveries of the five Di-OPEs ranged from 56.9% to 133.0% with relative standard deviations of 4.4%-18.9%. The established method was applied to the analysis of the five Di-OPEs in 16 facility vegetable soils. The detection frequencies of the five Di-OPEs exceeded 60% in all soil samples, indicating that the Di-OPEs were ubiquitous in the facility vegetable soil. The contents of the five Di-OPEs in the facility vegetable soil samples ranged from 2.53-6.94 ng/g. DnBP (1.37-3.20 ng/g) and DPhP (0.47-2.44 ng/g) were the predominant congeners in the facility vegetable soil samples, accounting for 23.4%-68.8% and 16.3%-35.9% of the five Di-OPEs, respectively. The developed method is simple, sensitive, and reproducible and can be used effectively for the determination of Di-OPEs in soil. The results of this study will be helpful for understanding the environmental behavior of Di-OPEs and their human exposure in facility vegetable soils.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos , Verduras , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Organofosfatos/urina , Metanol , Eletricidade Estática , Amônia , Espectrometria de Massas , Fosfatos , Água
10.
Sci Total Environ ; : 161564, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640893

RESUMO

Humans are mainly exposed to cadmium (Cd) due to the rice consumption, however there exist considerable differences across rice cultivars in terms of Cd absorption and accumulation in the grains, and subsequent release after digestion (bioaccessibility), as well as uptake by Caco-2 cells of humans (bioavailability). This study comprised of field and lab simulation trials where in the field, firstly 39 mid-rice cultivars were screened for their phytoremediation potential coupled with safe production in relation to uptake and translocation of Cd. Lower Cd concentrations (˂0.2 mg kg-1) in polished rice of 74 % cultivars were ascribed to the increased root to straw translocation indicating that straw may acquire higher accumulation of Cd. Furthermore, the ionomic profile demonstrated that the spatial distribution of metals in different rice organs corresponds to the plant growth morphology. In the second year, in vitro-in vivo assay model was employed to assess the bioaccessibility and bioavailability of Cd in polished rice and to further estimate the daily Cd intake by humans through rice grains. The results of bioaccessibility and bioavailability assays and daily estimated Cd intake presented the corresponding values of 39.02-59.76 %, 8.69-24.26 %, and 0.0185-0.9713 µg kg-1 body weight day-1, respectively. There exists a strong connection between total Cd and bioaccessible Cd to humans (R2 = 0.94, P < 0.01). Polynomial fitting (R2 = 0.91, P < 0.01) showed a better statistically significant correlation between total Cd contents and bioavailable levels, suggesting that in vitro-in vivo assays should be considered in future studies. The results of field experiments and in vitro-in vivo assays recommended the Tianyouhuazhan (MR-29), Heliangyou1hao (MR-17), and Yongyou15 (MR-1) as suitable mid-rice cultivars for the phytoremediation of slightly Cd contaminated soils coupled with rice agro-production due to their high nutritional value and lower total and bioavailable Cd for human.

11.
Injury ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623999

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pelvic fractures are associated with high morbidity and often require surgical intervention. An Anterior Posterior Compression (APC) II injury consists of disruption at the pubic symphysis and anterior sacroiliac joint. Studies investigating specific ligamentous contributions would aid in development of novel fixation techniques. The objective of this study is to determine the level of pelvic destabilization from progressive soft tissue disruptions associated with APC II injuries. METHODS: Six fresh-frozen cadaveric pelvises were dissected of soft tissues, preserving joint capsules and ligaments. Each pelvis was secured in a double-leg stance and joint motion was tracked with the specimens cyclically loaded to 60% body weight. Each specimen was measured in the intact state and again following stepwise destabilization to an APC II injury model (PS: sectioned pubic symphysis, IPS JOINT: PS + ipsilateral anterior sacroiliac, sacrotuberous, sacrospinous ligaments sectioned, IPS LIGS: IPS JOINT + ipsilateral interosseous ligaments sectioned, IPS JOINT+CONT ASI: IPS LIGS + contralateral anterior sacroiliac ligament disruption). RESULTS: Compared to the intact state, there was a statistically significant increase in movement in the IPS JOINT (ipsilateral 177%, p<0.001; contralateral 46%, p<0.005) and IPS JOINT+CONT ASI (ipsilateral 184%, p<0.002; and contralateral 62%, p<0.002) states bilaterally. No significant change was demonstrated in the PS or IPS LIGS state. CONCLUSION: Disruption of ipsilateral ligamentous structures destabilized both sacroiliac joints. The interosseous and posterior sacroiliac ligaments provide the majority of stability of the sacroiliac joint and will likely benefit most from surgical stabilization. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: mechanism-based reasoning.

12.
Platelets ; 34(1): 2166677, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719251

RESUMO

In our previous study, target drug delivery and treatment of malignant tumors have been achieved by using platelets as carriers loading nano-chemotherapeutic agents (ND-DOX). However, drug release from ND-DOX-loaded platelets is dependent on negative platelet activation by tumor cells, whose activation is not significant enough for the resulting drug release to take an effective anti-tumor effect. Exploring strategies to proactively manipulate the controlled release of drug-laden platelets is imperative. The present study innovatively revealed that photodynamic action can activate platelets in a spatiotemporally controlled manner. Consequently, based on the previous study, platelets were used to load iron oxide-polyglycerol-doxorubicin-chlorin e6 composites (IO-PG-DOX-Ce6), wherein the laser-triggered drug release ability and anti-tumor capability were demonstrated. The findings suggested that IO-PG-DOX-Ce6 could be stably loaded by platelets in high volume without any decrease in viability. Importantly and interestingly, drug-loaded platelets were significantly activated by laser irradiation, characterized by intracellular ROS accumulation and up-regulation of CD62p. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and hydrated particle size results also showed a significant aggregation response of laser irradiated-drug-loaded platelets. Further transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements indicated that the activated platelets released extracellularly their cargo drug after laser exposure, which could be taken up by co-cultured tumor cells. Finally, the co-culture model of drug-loaded platelets and tumor cells proved that laser-triggered delivery system of platelets could effectively damage the DNA and promote apoptosis of tumor cells. Overall, the present study discovers a drug-loaded platelets delivery using photodynamic effect, enabling laser-controlled intelligent drug delivery and anti-tumor therapy, which provides a novel and feasible approach for clinical application of cytopharmaceuticals.


What is the context?1. Platelets were applied to load IO-PG-DOX-Ce6, wherein the laser-triggered drug release and anti-tumor effect were investigated in vitro.2. The findings indicated that IO-PG-DOX-Ce6 could be stably loaded by platelets in high volume without any decrease in viability, which may attribute to the activation of autophagy in platelets.3. IO-PG-DOX-Ce6-loaded platelets could be significantly activated by laser irradiation (690 nm).4. Activated platelets released extracellularly their cargo drug after laser exposure, which could be taken up by co-cultured tumor cells5. The co-culture model of drug-loaded platelets and tumor cells proved that the laser-triggered delivery system of platelets could effectively damage the DNA and promote apoptosis of tumor cells.What is new?1. Platelets could be utilized as the vehicle to load photosensitizer-loaded-nano-drug.2. Photodynamic action can activate platelets in a spatiotemporally controlled manner, which could be a tool to regulate the activation of platelets.3. The laser-triggered activation of drug-loaded platelets allows for target release of cargo.4. The limitation of the current research is that only in vitro experiments were carried out to demonstrate our conclusions.What is impact?The present work provides a novel and feasible approach for the clinical application of cytopharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Lasers
13.
Ann Epidemiol ; 79: 24-31, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640917

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the potential survival benefit associated with receipt of definitive treatment (radical prostatectomy or radiation), compared to non-definitive treatment (hormonal therapy or chemotherapy) among men with metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: A cohort of men diagnosed with metastatic (T4/M1/N1 or T4/M1) prostate cancer from 1999 to 2013 in the Veterans Health Administration were identified and followed to December 28, 2014. All-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality were evaluated at 10 years for the T4/M1/N1 cohort and 8 years for the T4/M1/ cohort. The association of definitive treatment (radical prostatectomy or radiation), compared to non-definitive (hormonal therapy or chemotherapy) with both all-cause and prostate cancer-specific mortality was assessed using inverse probability of treatment weighted (IPTW) multivariable survival analyses. RESULTS: The cohort included 2919 with T4/M1/N1 disease and 1479 men with T4/M1 disease. Receipt of definitive treatment was associated with a reduced risk of 10-year all-cause (Hazard Ratio (HR): 0.61; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.57-0.65) and prostate cancer-specific mortality (HR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.46-0.55) among men diagnosed with T4/M1/N1 met-astatic disease. Definitive treatment was similarly associated with a reduced risk of all-cause (HR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.77-0.91) and prostate cancer-specific (HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.73-0.90) mortality among men diagnosed with T4/M1 only metastatic disease. CONCLUSIONS: Definitive treatment may improve survival in men diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer.

14.
Transl Psychiatry ; 13(1): 16, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658152

RESUMO

Aerobic exercise effectively relieves anxiety disorders via modulating neurogenesis and neural activity. The molecular mechanism of exercise-mediated anxiolysis, however, remains incomplete. On a chronic restrain stress (CRS) model in adolescent mice, we showed that 14-day treadmill exercise profoundly maintained normal neural activity and axonal myelination in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), in association with the prevention of anxiety-like behaviors. Further interrogation of molecular mechanisms revealed the activation of the mechanistic target of the rapamycin (mTOR) pathway within mPFC under exercise training. At the upstream of mTOR, exercise-mediated brain RNA methylation inhibited the expression of Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) to activate the mTOR pathway. In summary, treadmill exercise modulates an FMRP-mTOR pathway to maintain cortical neural activity and axonal myelination, contributing to improved stress resilience. These results extended our understanding of the molecular substrate of exercise-mediated anxiolytic effect during adolescent period.


Assuntos
Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Estresse Psicológico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Animais , Camundongos , Axônios/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Ansiedade
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202216739, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651658

RESUMO

Regulating the second sphere of homogeneous molecular catalysts is a common and effective method to boost their catalytic activities, while the second sphere effects have rarely been investigated for heterogeneous single-atom catalysts primarily due to the synthetic challenge for installing functional groups in their second spheres. Benefiting from the well-defined and readily tailorable structure of graphdiyne (GDY), an Au single-atom catalyst on amino-substituted GDY is constructed, where the amino group is located in the second sphere of the Au center. The Au atoms on amino-decorated GDY displayed superior activity for formic acid dehydrogenation compared with those on unfunctionalized GDY. The experimental studies, particularly the proton inventory studies, and theoretical calculations revealed that the amino groups adjacent to an Au atom could serve as proton relays and thus facilitate the protonation of an intermediate Au-H to generate H2 . Our study paves the way to precisely constructing the functional second sphere on single-atom catalysts.

16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 115: 109661, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608440

RESUMO

Suppression of the immune microenvironment is an important endogenous contributor to treatment failure in lung cancer. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely used in the treatment of malignant tumors owing to its photo-selectivity and minimal side effects. Some studies have shown the ability of photodynamic action not only to cause photo-cytotoxicity to tumor cells but also to induce immunogenic cell death (ICD). However, the mechanism by which PDT enhances tumor immunogenicity is poorly understood. The present study aimed to explore the immunogenicity effect of PDT on lung cancer and to reveal the underlying mechanism. First, we searched for effective conditions for PDT-induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells. Just as expected, chlorin e6 (Ce6) PDT could enhance the immunogenicity of lung cancer cells alongside the induction of apoptosis, characterized by up-regulation of CRT, HSP90, HMGB1 and MHC-I. Further results showed the generation of ROS by Ce6 PDT under the above conditions, which is an oxidative damaging agent. Simultaneously, PDT induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in cells, as evidenced by enhanced Tht staining and up-regulated CHOP and GRP78 expression. Moreover, PDT led to DNA damage response (DDR) as well. However, the redox inhibitor NAC abolished the ER stress and DDR caused by PDT. More importantly, NAC also attenuated PDT-induced improvement of immunogenicity in lung cancer. On this basis, the PDT-induced CRT up-regulation was found to be attenuated in response to inhibition of ER stress. In addition, PDT-induced increase in HMGB1 and HSP90 release was blocked by inhibition of DDR. In summary, Ce6 PDT could produce ROS under certain conditions, which leads to ER stress that promotes CRT translocation to the cell membrane, and the resulting DNA damage causes the expression and release of nuclear HMGB1 and HSP90, thereby enhancing the immunogenicity of lung cancer. This current study elucidates the mechanism of PDT in ameliorating the immunogenicity of lung cancer, providing a rationale for PDT in regulating the immune microenvironment for the treatment of malignant tumors.

17.
Reprod Toxicol ; 115: 49-55, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503164

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a form of cell death caused by the accumulation of lipid peroxidation products due to abnormal iron metabolism. However, it remains unknown whether ferroptosis participates in the process of radiation-induced ovarian injury. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is an important bioactive sphingolipid that has a protective effect on ovarian injury. The present study aims to determine whether X-ray radiation induces ferroptosis in the ovarian granulosa KGN cell line, and explore the potential effect of S1P and its mechanism in radiation-induced ferroptosis. The results indicated that irradiation reduced the viability of KGN cells, altered the mitochondrial morphology, induced the intracellular accumulation of iron ions, increased oxidative stress, and induced lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, the radiation exposure triggered the ferroptosis in KGN cells. S1P can alleviate radiation-induced ferroptosis. Furthermore, the protective effect of S1P was reversed after the application of siRNA to interfere with the glutathione peroxidase 4 expression. Ferroptosis might be pervasive in radiation-induced ovarian injury, and S1P may serve as a potential therapeutic approach to protect against the toxic effect of radiation in female gonads by inhibiting ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Humanos , Feminino , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo
18.
Mol Med Rep ; 27(2)2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579659

RESUMO

The mechanism underlying bladder cancer metastasis is associated with tumor angiogenesis. The present study aimed to evaluate the predictive role and value of an angiogenesis­associated long non­coding (lnc)RNA signature in patients with bladder cancer and the role of long intergenic non­coding RNA (LINC)02321 in the progression of this malignancy. Angiogenesis­related lncRNAs were screened using Pearson correlation analysis and the signaturewas constructed using Cox regression analysis and evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic curve. LINC02321, which expressed the largest difference in bladder cancer, was screened using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR. The role of LINC02321 in the malignant progression of bladder cancer was evaluated using Transwell, wound healing and Cell Counting Kit 8 assays. A total of six angiogenesis­associated lncRNAs (USP30­AS1, LINC02321, PSMB8­AS1, KRT7­AS, LINC01767 and OCIAD1­AS1) were identified as candidates for the prognostic signature using Cox regression analysis. The overall survival of patients in the low­risk group was significantly longer compared with that in the high­risk group, with the highest area under the curve value being 0.807. A nomogram was constructed based on the traditional clinical indicators (age, sex, grade, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage) and risk score of patients. Compared with the traditional clinical indicators, the risk score demonstrated better clinical prediction capacity for predicting the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer. The Cancer Genome Atlas prediction and RT­qPCR experimental results demonstrated that only LINC02321 was highly expressed in bladder cancer tissue and promoted the proliferation, invasion, migration and cisplatin resistance of the malignancy. Gene set enrichment, Pearson's correlation analysis and experimental results demonstrated that the VEGFA signalling pathway may be involved in the LINC02321­regulated progression of bladder cancer. In conclusion, the six angiogenesis­associated lncRNA signatures reported in the present study may be used to predict the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer, and LINC02321 promoted malignant progression of bladder cancer via the VEGFA signalling pathway.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Tioléster Hidrolases/genética , Tioléster Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo
19.
Infect Genet Evol ; 107: 105395, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the actual hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection rate, occult HBV infection (OBI) rate, and molecular evolutionary characteristics of the OBI virus S gene in the adolescent population living in rural and pastoral areas of Xinjiang Province. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among the adolescent population living in the farming and herding areas. Venous blood samples (3-5 mL) were collected from eligible students in three central schools located in Banfanggou Township, Shuixigou Village, and Miaolgou Village, all in Urumqi County, in the nine-year compulsory system. Clustersampling in a population was adopted, and informed consent was obtained from the participating students. All serum samples were qualitatively tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by electrochemiluminescence. Subsequently, the HBV S gene was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the positive PCR products were purified; the target gene sequences were then amplified. Molecular evolutionary characterization of the target gene sequences was performed using MEGA 11software. RESULTS: Overall, 1712 subjects were enrolled. The HBsAg carrier rate and OBI infection rate were 1.93% (33/1712) and 6.13% (103/1679), respectively. HBsAg (-) samples included 103 OBI strains, of which B-genotype strains accounted for 80.58% (83/103; 1 case of ayw1 serotype and 82 cases of adw2 serotype), C-genotype strains accounted for 14.56% (15/103; 1 case of adw2 serotype and 14 cases of adrq+serotype), and D-genotype strains accounted for 4.85% (5/103; 1 case of adw2 serotype and 4 cases of ayw2 serotype). Mutations were detected in the "a" determinant region of the following genes: P127S, G130R, and N146S (B-genotype OBI strains); T126I and T143S (C-genotype OBI strains); T126I, P127S, F134Y, and T143S (D-genotype OBI strains). CONCLUSION: A certain proportion of young people are infected with OBI strains. The B-genotype of OBI strains is the possible dominant genotype. OBI strains have amino acid mutations in the "a" determinant region, and they are likely to undergo a change in their antigenicity and immunogenicity. More attention must be paid to prevent problems due to OBI.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Adolescente , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/genética , Genótipo , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , População Rural , China
20.
Langmuir ; 39(1): 357-366, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524998

RESUMO

Nonlinear optical (NLO) materials have become important materials in the field of high-speed optical devices due to the changes in light absorption and refraction caused by the photoelectric field. Compounds tend to exist as aggregates rather than single molecules, so intermolecular interactions are crucial to the nature of aggregates. Therefore, to study the effects of intermolecular interactions on nonlinear optical properties, we use a dimer simplified model and adopt the methods of controlling variables, which are the different intermolecular interactions resulting from the different stacking patterns of dimers based on the same monomer structures (2PMDI-1NDI and 2NDI-1PDI). It is found that compared with dimers involving π-π interactions, dimers involving C-H···O interactions have shorter intermolecular distances, larger intermolecular interaction energies, and smaller highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) energy gaps. Moreover, the C-H···O interactions are more conducive to the intermolecular charge transfers and more beneficial for increasing the nonlinear optical response values of aggregates with respect to π-π interactions. This work provides an important basis for the influence of intermolecular interactions on nonlinear optical properties.

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