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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114650, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536515

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Chinese Medicine, Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC., as the principle herb of ShengDiHuang Decotion (SDHD), has the effect of cooling blood and hemostasis, and tonifying the yin and kidney. Rheum L., as adjuvant herbs, assist Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. to promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis. AIM OF STUDY: To study the mechanism of Rhein (RH) involved in the promotion of Rehmannioside D (RD) absorption by pharmacokinetic studies, single-pass intestinal perfusion, Caco-2 cell models, molecular docking technique and western blotting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, the intestinal absorption of RD in the presence or absence of RH was conducted through pharmacokinetic studies. Thereafter, the intestinal absorption of RD and RH was studied using the single-pass intestinal perfusion and Caco-2 cell models. Finally, using molecular docking technique and western blotting. RESULTS: We found that the promotion of RD absorption by RH was mediated by breast cancer resistance and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, thereby affecting the permeability of the intestinal epithelium. Additionally, RH and RD can competitively bind to breast cancer resistance and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, and that RH inhibits the expression of breast cancer resistance and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 in the ileum to promote the intestinal absorption of RD. CONCLUSION: This study reveals the mechanisms associated with the RH-mediated promotion of RD absorption and provides a basis for further exploring the synergistic effect of Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC and rhubarb.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120309, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479026

RESUMO

The geometrical configurations of the XBiSe3 (X = Ga, In, Tl) monolayers are identified by employing the first-principles density functional theory calculations, and the stabilities are confirmed by phonon dispersion, formation energy, and ab initio molecular dynamics simulation, respectively. The bandgap and band edges, the density of states, the optical absorption, mobility, and effect of strain engineering are evaluated to understand the photoelectronic properties of the monolayers. The results show that the XBiSe3 monolayers have the indirect bandgaps of 1.14-1.69 (1.20-1.84) eV by HSE06(GW), leading to the enhanced optical absorption from the visible to near-ultraviolet region. The large mobility of the electron and hole are also observed, which is helpful for the separation and transfer of the photogenerated carrier pair. The band edges and bandgaps, as well as the optical absorptions, can effectively be tuned by strain engineering. It should be noted that the band edges of the InBiSe3 monolayer could satisfy the condition of redox potential for the hydrogen evolution reaction under the compressive strain heavier than -3%, implicating this monolayer can also be used for photocatalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen. Therefore, these monolayers have potential applications in photocatalytic materials or photoelectronic devices such as energy harvesters and visible-light sensors.

3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 207: 114376, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656935

RESUMO

Botanicals have played an important role in maintaining human health and well-being throughout history. During the past few decades in particular, the use of botanical health products has gained more popularity. Whereas, quality, safety and efficacy concerns have continuously been critical issues due to the intrinsic chemical complexity of botanicals. Chemical analytical technologies play an imperative role in addressing these issues. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful and useful tool for the investigation of botanical health products. In this review, NMR techniques and methodologies that have been successfully applied to the research and development of botanical health products in all stages, from plants to products, are discussed and summarized. Furthermore, applications of NMR together with other analytical techniques in a variety of domains of botanical health products investigation, such as plant species differentiation, adulteration detection, and bio-activity evaluation, are discussed and illustrated with typical examples. This article provides an overview of the potential uses of NMR techniques and methodologies in an attempt to further promote their recognition and utilization in the field of botanical health products analysis and quality control.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Medicamentos , Plantas , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Controle de Qualidade
5.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132026, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461328

RESUMO

The applications of biogenic Mn oxides (BMOs) formed by Mn-oxidizing fungus in decontaminating heavy metals have attracted increasing attention. In this study, an efficient Mn-oxidizing fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Cladosporium halotolerans strain XM01. The Mn(II) adsorption and oxidation activities of this strain were investigated, showing significantly high removal and oxidation rates of soluble Mn(II) of 99.9% and 88.2%, respectively. Dynamic analysis of the Mn(II) removal process demonstrated the oxidation process of Mn(II) to Mn(III) was the rate-limiting step in the Mn(II) metabolic process. The XRD and SAED characterization showed that more layers were orderly accumulated along the c-axis with the formation of fungal BMOs, which might lead to the decrease in its specific surface area. The adsorption of Cd(II) by the formed BMOs was investigated and compared with two typical abiotic Mn oxides, indicating that the adsorption capacity decreased with the following order: immature BMO, mature BMO, δ-MnO2, acid birnessite, while the fixation capacity decreased in the order of acid birnessite, mature BMO, δ-MnO2, immature BMO. The inverse correlation between the capacity of Cd(II) adsorption and fixation of immature and mature BMOs was probably attributed to the increase in the layer stacking of BMOs. This result indicates an interesting phenomenon of high reservation of Cd(II) resulting from sequential transformation from strong adsorption to strong fixation with the formation of BMOs. This study offers considerable insights into fungal Mn oxidation mechanisms and provides theoretical guidance for fungal BMOs in heavy metals bioremediation.

6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131991, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461336

RESUMO

Cr contamination is frequently combined with organic pollution. Cr flocculation using flocculants results in difficulty in Cr recovery and increase of salinity. Moreover, the fates of coexisted organic pollutants are rarely attended. In this study, the Fenton-like reaction based on Cr redox reaction (Cr-Fenton-like reaction) coupled with Cr flocculation was established using H2O2 as additives, which gave the opportunity to realize simultaneous removal of Cr and organic matters sustainably. In the coupling system, Cr-Fenton-like reaction generated more OH- for Cr flocculation via the H2O2 decomposition, meanwhile, Cr flocculation provided heterogeneous catalytic regions for Cr-Fenton-like reaction. The formation of Cr flocs was the key to the coupling effect. They created partially alkaline regions, therefore Cr-Fenton-like reaction (reaction condition: pH > 5) and Cr flocculation (reaction condition: pH > 8) occurred in these heterogeneous regions, although the pH of the solutions was below 5. Besides, the Cr flocs in the coupling system tended to adsorb Cr(III) which also contributed to the coupling effect. Although Cr-Fenton-like reaction generated Cr(VI) inevitably, the dissolved Cr(VI) didn't accumulate due to the persistent acidic condition and the heterogeneous catalysis of Cr flocs in the coupling system. When the coupling effect was applied to a stimulated tannery wastewater with Cr and organic co-pollution, the simultaneous removal rates for Cr and total organic carbon were 81.2% and 41.34% respectively after an 8-h running. This study gives deep insights into the coupling effect and provides a sustainable and eco-friendly strategy for the remediation of wastewater with Cr and organic co-pollution.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534676

RESUMO

Amylin is a 37-amino acid polypeptide that has been found to be involved in feeding regulation in some mammals, birds, and goldfish. We cloned amylin of Siberian sturgeon and detected its distribution pattern in 15 tissues. The expression levels in the periprandial period (pre-and post-feeding), the changes in the food intake, and the expression levels of related appetite factors after the intraperitoneal injection of amylin were detected. The expression of amylin was found to be the highest in the hypothalamus. Compared with 1 h pre-feeding, the expression levels of amylin in the hypothalamus and duodenum were increased significantly 1 h post-feeding. Compared with the control group (saline), intraperitoneal injection of 50 ng/g, 100 ng/g, and 200 ng/g of amylin significantly inhibited food intake at 1 h post injection, but not at 3 h and 6 h. The injection of 50 ng/g, 100 ng/g, and 200 ng/g amylin significantly inhibited the cumulative feed. After 1 h of 50 ng/g amylin injection, the levels of MC4R and somatostatin in the hypothalamus increased significantly, while the levels of amylin and NPY decreased significantly. The levels of CCK in the valvular intestine were increased significantly. Insulin in the duodenum was also increased significantly, but there was no significant change in ghrelin in the duodenum. These results show that amylin inhibits feeding in Siberian sturgeon by down-regulating the appetite-stimulating factor NPY and up-regulating the appetite-suppressing factors somatostatin, MC4R, CCK, and insulin. This study provides a theoretical basis for studying the feeding function and action mechanisms of amylin in Siberian sturgeon.

8.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 758978, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721119

RESUMO

Objective: Although previous studies have reported on disrupted amygdala subregional functional connectivity in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), most of these studies were conducted in GAD patients with comorbidities or with drug treatment. Besides, whether/how the amygdala subregional functional networks were associated with state and trait anxiety is still largely unknown. Methods: Resting-state functional connectivity of amygdala subregions, including basolateral amygdala (BLA) and centromedial amygdala (CMA) as seed, were mapped and compared between 37 drug-naïve, non-comorbidity GAD patients and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). Relationships between amygdala subregional network dysfunctions and state/trait anxiety were examined using partial correlation analyses. Results: Relative to HCs, GAD patients showed weaker functional connectivity of the left BLA with anterior cingulate/medial prefrontal cortices. Significantly increased functional connectivity of right BLA and CMA with superior temporal gyrus and insula were also identified in GAD patients. Furthermore, these functional connectivities showed correlations with state and trait anxiety scores. Conclusions: These findings revealed abnormal functional coupling of amygdala subregions in GAD patients with regions involved in fear processing and emotion regulation, including anterior cingulate/medial prefrontal cortex and superior temporal gyrus, which provide the unique biological markers for GAD and facilitating the future accurate clinical diagnosis and target treatment.

9.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726825

RESUMO

Root architecture is one of the most important agronomic traits that determines rice crop yield. The primary root (PR) absorbs mineral nutrients and provides mechanical support; however, the molecular mechanisms of PR elongation remain unclear in rice. Here, the two loss-of-function T-DNA insertion mutants of root length regulator 4 (OsRLR4), osrlr4-1 and osrlr4-2 with longer PR, and three OsRLR4 overexpression lines, OE-OsRLR4-1/-2/-3 with shorter PR compared to the wild type, Hwayoung (WT/HY), were identified. OsRLR4 is one of five members of the PRAF subfamily of the regulator chromosome condensation 1 (RCC1) family. Phylogenetic analysis of OsRLR4 from wild and cultivated rice indicated that it is under selective sweeps, suggesting its potential role in domestication. OsRLR4 controls PR development by regulating auxin accumulation in the PR tip and thus the root apical meristem activity. A series of biochemical and genetic analyses demonstrated that OsRLR4 functions directly upstream of the auxin transporter OsAUX1. Moreover, OsRLR4 interacts with the TRITHORAX-like protein OsTrx1 to promote H3K4me3 deposition at the OsAUX1 promoter, thus altering its transcription level. This work provides insight into the cooperation of auxin and epigenetic modifications in regulating root architecture and provides a genetic resource for plant architecture breeding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 26: 102-109, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To predict risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) in women using machine learning (ML) algorithms, based on electronic health records (EHR) collected at the early second trimester. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3759 cases of pregnancy who received antenatal care at Xinhua hospital Chongming branch Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University were included in this retrospective EHR-based study. Thirty-eight candidate clinical parameters routinely available at the first visit in antenatal care were collected by manual chart review. Logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM) and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) were used to construct the prediction model. Features that contributed to the model predictions were identified using XGBoost. OUTCOME MEASURES: The performance of ML models to predict women at risk of PE was quantified in terms of accuracy, precision, recall, false negative score, f1_score, brier score and the area under the receiver operating curve (auROC). RESULTS: The XGboost model had the best prediction performance (accuracy = 0.920, precision = 0.447, recall = 0.789, f1_score = 0.571, auROC = 0.955). The most predictive feature of PE development was fasting plasma glucose, followed by mean blood pressure and body mass index. An easy-to-use model that a patient could answer independently still enabled accurate prediction, with auROC of 0.83. CONCLUSION: risk of PE development can be predicted with excellent discriminative ability using ML algorithms based on EHR collected at the early second trimester. Future studies are needed to assess the real-world clinical utility of the model.

11.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 226: 112350, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785489

RESUMO

Solar UVA irradiation-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), leading to photoaging, however the molecular mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we found that eriodictyol remarkably reduces UVA-mediated ROS generation and protects the skin cells from oxidative damage and the ensuing cell death. Moreover eriodictyol pretreatment significantly down-regulates the UVA-induced MMP-1 expression, and lowers the inflammatory responses within the skin cells. Pretreatment with eriodictyol upregulates the expression of tissue inhibitory metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) and collagen-I (COL-1) at the transcriptional level in a dose-dependent manner. UVA-induced phosphorylation levels of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 leading to increased MMP-1 expression are significantly reduced in eriodictyol-treated skin cells. In addition, eriodictyol pretreatment significantly suppresses inflammatory cytokines and inhibits the activation of MAPK signaling cascades in skin cells. Taken together, our results demonstrate that eriodictyol has both potent anti-inflammatory and anti-photoaging effects.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 293: 118510, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793909

RESUMO

Plant growth regulators (PGRs) assisted phytoextraction was investigated as a viable phytoremediation technology to increase the phytoextraction efficiency in contaminated soils. This study aimed to evaluate the cadimum (Cd)/lead (Pb)/zinc (Zn) phytoextraction efficiency by a hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii Hance (S. alfredii) treated with 9 PGRs, including indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellin (GA3), cytokinin (CKs), abscisic acid (ABA), ethylene (ETH), brassinosteroid (BR), salicylic acid (SA), strigolactones (SL) and jasmonic acid (JA), in slightly or heavily contaminated (SC and HC, respectively) soil. Results demonstrated that PGRs were able to improve S. alfredii biomass, the most significant increases were observed in GA3 and SL for HC soil, while for SC soil, IAA and BR exhibited positive effects. The levels of Cd, Pb and Zn in the shoots of S. alfredii treated with ABA and SL were noticeably greater than in the CK treatment in HC soil, while the uptake of metals were increased by IAA and CKs in SC soil. Combined with the results of biomass and metal contents in shoots, we found that ABA showed the highest Cd removal efficiency and the maximum Pb and Zn removal efficiency was observed with GA3, which was 62.99%, 269.23%, and 41.18%, respectively higher than the control in HC soil. Meanwhile, compared to control, the maximum removal efficiency of Cd by IAA treatment (52.80%), Pb by JA treatment (165.1%), and Zn by BR treatment (44.97%) in the SC soil. Overall, our results suggested that these PGRs, especially, ABA, SL, IAA, BR and GA3 had great potential in improving phytoremediation efficiency of S. alfredii grown in contaminated soils.

13.
Opt Express ; 29(22): 36988-36996, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809096

RESUMO

Large scale ordered Au nanoarrays are fabricated by nanosphere lithography technique. The photoluminescence improvement of CsPbBr3-xIx nanocrystals by more than three times is realized in the CsPbBr3-xIx nanocrystal/Au nanoarray/Si structure. Time-resolved photoluminescence decay curves indicate that the lifetime is decreased by introducing the Au nanoarrays, which results in a increasing radiation recombination rate. The reflection spectra with two major valleys (the dip in the curve) located at ∼325 nm and 545 nm of Au nanoarray/Si structure, which illustrates two plasmonic resonance absorption peaks of the Au nanoarrays. The enhancement of photoluminescence is ascribed to a well match between the excitation/emission of CsPbBr3-xIx nanocrystals and localized surface plasmon/gap plasmon resonance absorption of the ordered Au nanoarrays, as also revealed from the finite-difference time-domain simulation analysis. Our work offers an effective strategy to improve the fluorescence of perovskite nanocrystals and provide the potential for further applications.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21418, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725415

RESUMO

A femoral neck fracture is currently one of the most common types of fracture in clinical practice. The incidence continues to increase due to traffic accidents, trauma, and osteoporosis. This research includes a biomechanical study and a clinical retrospective study. In the biomechanical studies, three groups' effects (Control Group: 3CCS, DHS group, and study Group: 3CCS + mFNSS group) were compared by vertical compression tests, torsion tests, and fatigue tests. All the data were collected and analyzed. We subsequently performed a retrospective analysis of 131 patients with femoral neck fractures. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, quality of postoperative fracture reduction, and follow-up observation of fracture healing, screw retreatment rates and fixation failure rates, as well as femoral head necrosis rates and hip function in two groups with 3CCS and 3CCS + mFNSS were compared. By the biomechanical study, we found that 3CCS + Mfnss group were biomechanically superior to 3CCS group and superior to the DHS group in terms of resistance to torsion. However, it was less effective than the DHS group in compressive strength and fatigue resistance. In terms of clinical application, 3CCS + mFNSS group was found to have lower screw retreatment rates and femoral head necrosis rates, and to have better fracture healing rates than group with 3CCS, indicating that medial support screws can effectively resist the vertical shear forces of fracture ends and promote the stability and healing of fracture ends, as well as to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications.

15.
Future Oncol ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751593

RESUMO

Aims: HOX clusters encode proteins that play pivotal roles in regulating transcription factors and many other proteins during embryogenesis. However, little is known about the diagnostic and prognostic values of HOXC family members in gastric cancer (GC). Materials and methods: The authors evaluated the data in patients with GC based on bioinformatics analysis. Results: HOXC6/8/9/10/11/13 were overexpressed in GC and associated with a poor prognosis. HOXC4/5 were downregulated in GC tissues. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that they have high diagnostic value. In addition, HOXC4/5/6/9/10/11/13 were negatively correlated with DNA methylation level. The gene set enrichment analysis results implied that they play essential roles in multiple biological processes underlying tumorigenesis. Conclusion: HOXC family members are potential targets for diagnosis and may work as prognostic biomarkers of GC.

16.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24108, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant expression of exosomal miRNAs has emerged as a research hotspot. However, no studies have been conducted on the dysregulation of exosomal miRNAs derived from cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in supraglottic laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SLSCC). METHODS: Cancer-associated fibroblasts and paired normal fibroblasts (NFs) from SLSCC patients were cultured, and exosomes in the culture supernatants were collected and identified. Exosomal miRNA expression was compared in each pair of CAFs and NFs by next-generation sequencing, and expression of selected exosomal miRNAs was validated by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Four online bioinformatic algorithms predicted the potential target genes of aberrantly expressed miRNAs, while gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment and network analysis identified downstream target genes and their interactions. RESULTS: Three pairs of CAFs and NFs were successfully cultured and purified. CAF-derived exosomal miRNAs were mostly downregulated and included miR-656-3p, miR-337-5p, miR-29a-3p and miR-655-3p; however, some, including miR-184-3p, miR-92a-1-5p, miR-212-3p and miR-3135b, were upregulated. Bioinformatics analysis revealed involvement of these miRNAs in biological processes, cellular components and molecular functions. KEGG analysis revealed the top 30 pathways involvement in cancer initiation and progression and in cell cycle regulation. An interaction network showed miR-16-5p, miR-29a-3p, miR-34c-5p, miR-32-5p and miR-490-5p as the top five miRNAs and CCND1, CDKN1B, CDK6, PTEN and FOS as the top five target genes. CONCLUSIONS: SLSCC patients showed aberrant expression of CAF-derived exosomal miRNAs. The top five miRNAs and their target genes may jointly constitute a carcinogenic tumour microenvironment and act as biomarkers for SLSCC intervention.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between post-diagnostic metformin or statin use with all-cause and prostate cancer (PCa)-specific mortality in men with advanced prostate cancer. METHODS: Our study consisted of 4572 men (Black = 1352, White = 3192, Other Race = 28) diagnosed with advanced cancer (T4/M1/N1) between 1999 and 2013 in the Veteran Health Administration. The association between post-diagnostic (1) metformin and (2) statin use with all-cause and PCa-specific mortality was examined using multivariable, time-varying Cox Proportional Hazard Models. In a secondary analysis, models were stratified by race. RESULTS: Post-diagnostic metformin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause (Hazard Ratio (HR) 0.84, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.73, 0.96) and PCa-specific death (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.63, 0.91). In stratified analyses, the inverse association between post-diagnostic metformin use and both all-cause PCa-specific mortality was limited to White men. Post-diagnostic statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause (HR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.68, 0.83) and PCa-specific mortality (HR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.64, 0.81). In stratified analyses, similar inverse associations were observed for post-diagnostic statin use and all-cause and PCa-specific mortality in both Black and White men. CONCLUSION: Post diagnostic metformin and statin use may prevent progression to lethal prostate cancer in men with advanced prostate cancer.

18.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773204

RESUMO

Decidualization is a substantive differentiation process experienced by endometrium to prepare for pregnancy. During this process, the endometrial stromal cells are transformed to endometrial epithelial cells. The receptivity of endometrium is necessary for the decidualization and successful implantation of endometrium, while the main hormones coordinating this process are estrogen and progesterone (P). In our study, the immunofluorescence, qPCR, and western blot experiments were conducted on different types of clinical endometrial tissue samples. The experimental results show that in the endometrium of normal subjects during the luteal phase, the protein level and serum P4 level of the orphan nuclear receptor NR4A1 messenger RNA were all significantly higher than those of patients with endometriosis or primary infertility, and the two levels presented positive correlation. Through decidualization induction of the human endometrial stromal cells (hESCs) cultured in vitro and additional P treatment, the results of chromatin immunoprecipitation and other experiments show that the P treatment could upregulate the expression of NR4A1 in hESCs, and this process was mediated under the direct effect of progesterone receptor (PR) and NR4A1. When the NR4A1 in hESCs was silenced, the promotion of hESC proliferation by P was inhibited. P and overexpressed NR4A1 increased the expression of epithelial cell marker in decidual hESCs, and qPCR showed that NR4A1's response to P was earlier than that of the epithelial cell marker. The results of spheroid adhesion assay show that the silent NR4A1 had reduced the adhesion of decidual hESCs induced in vitro to embryo. To sum it up, NR4A1 participated in the decidualization process by responding to the P regulation via and by promoting the hESCs' mesenchymal-epithelial transition, so as to further influence the receptivity of endometrium.

19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive nitrogen (N) fertilization in greenhouse fields greatly increases N loss and fossil-fuel energy consumption resulting in serious environmental risks. Microbial inoculants are strongly emerging as potential alternatives to agrochemicals and offer an eco-friendly fertilization strategy to reduce our dependence on synthetic chemical fertilizers. Effects of a nitrogen-fixing strain Pseudomonas protegens CHA0-ΔretS-nif on ginger plant growth, yield, and nutrient uptake, and on earthworm biomass and the microbial community were investigated in greenhouse fields in Shandong Province, northern China. RESULTS: Application of CHA0-ΔretS-nif could promote ginger plant development, and significantly increased rhizome yields, by 12.93% and 7.09%, respectively, when compared to uninoculated plants and plants treated with the wild-type bacterial strain. Inoculation of CHA0-ΔretS-nif had little impact on plant P acquisition, whereas it was associated with enhanced N and K acquisition by ginger plants. Moreover, inoculation of CHA0-ΔretS-nif had positive effects on the bacteria population size and the number of earthworms in the rhizosphere. Similar enhanced performances were also found in CHA0-ΔretS-nif-inoculated ginger plants even when the N-fertilizer application rate was reduced by 15%. A chemical N input of 573.8 kg ha-1 with a ginger rhizome yield of 1.31 × 105 kg ha-1 was feasible. CONCLUSIONS: The combined application of CHA0-ΔretS-nif and a reduced level of N-fertilizers can be employed in greenhouse ginger production for the purpose of achieving high yields while at the same time reducing the inorganic-N pollution from traditional farming practices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(21): 2619-2628, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microribose nucleic acids (miRNAs) are implicated in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA-345-5p (miR-345-5p) is a recently identified anti-oncogene in some human cancers, but its functional role and possible molecular mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma remain unknown. This study aimed to identify the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-345-5p in lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: In this study, lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2016 and February 2017. The expression of miR-345-5p and ras homolog family member A (RhoA) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549, H1650, PC-9, and H441) was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Functional assays including colony formation, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing, and transwell assays were performed to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to evaluate the relationship between miR-345-5p and RhoA. Difference between the two groups was analyzed with Student's t test, while that among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: MiR-345-5p expression displayed lower level in lung adenocarcinoma tissues (0.241 ± 0.095 vs.1.000 ± 0.233, t = 19.247, P < 0.001) and cell lines (F = 56.992, P < 0.001) than control tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that upregulation of miR-345-5p inhibited the malignant phenotypes of lung adenocarcinoma cells via suppressing cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and facilitating cell apoptosis. Additionally, RhoA was verified to be the downstream target of miR-345-5p. Expression of RhoA was downregulated by overexpression of miR-345-5p in PC-9 (0.321 ± 0.047 vs. 1.000 ± 0.127, t = 8.536, P < 0.001) and H1650 (0.398 ± 0.054 vs. 1.000 ± 0.156, t = 4.429, P = 0.011) cells. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of RhoA rescued the suppressive effects of miR-345-5p upregulation on proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further, miR-345-5p was found to regulate the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway by downregulation of RhoA in lung adenocarcinoma cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-345-5p plays a tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating RhoA to inactivate the Rho/ROCK pathway.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/genética
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