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1.
Cureus ; 15(9): e45398, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37854739

RESUMO

Objective This study evaluated the association between N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration and one-year mortality in geriatric patients with intertrochanteric and femoral neck fractures receiving the operative treatment. Methods Consecutive age ≥65 years patients with hip fractures were screened between January 2015 and September 2019. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected. The multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the association between preoperative NT-proBNP concentrations and mortality. All analyses were performed using EmpowerStats and the R software. Result One thousand two hundred nineteen patients were included in the study. The average age was 79.73±6.65 years (range 66-99 years). The mean NT-proBNP concentration was 616.09±1086.85 ng/L (median 313.40 ng/L, range 16.09-20123.00 ng/L). The follow-up was 35.39±15.09 months (median 35.78 months, range 0.10-80.14 months). One hundred and eleven (9.1%) patients died within one year. After adjusting for confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression models showed a curved association between preoperative NT-proBNP concentration and one-year mortality. When the NT-proBNP concentration was below 1099 ng/L, the mortality increased by 10% (OR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.03-1.17, P=0.0025) when NT-proBNP increased by 100 ng/L. When the NT-proBNP concentration was above 1099 ng/L, the mortality did not increase anymore when NT-proBNP increased (OR=1.00, 95%CI: 0.99-1.02, P=0. 7786). Thus, NT-proBNP was a valuable indicator to predict high one-year mortality in practice. Conclusion The NT-proBNP concentrations were nonlinearly associated with mortality in elderly hip fractures with a saturation effect, and NT-proBNP was a risk indicator of all-cause mortality. A well-designed controlled trial to show the role of mortality by decreasing the concentration of NT-proBNP is needed in the future.

2.
Arch Osteoporos ; 18(1): 99, 2023 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37460802

RESUMO

Geriatric hip fracture patients often have increased N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels. This study found a curved association between preoperative NT-proBNP level and all-cause mortality. There was an inflection point of NT-proBNP 781 ng/L in the saturation effect. Thus, NT-proBNP was a valuable indicator of all-cause mortality. PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level and all-cause mortality in geriatric hip fractures and evaluate the possible predictive role of NT-proBNP level. METHODS: Consecutive older adult patients with hip fractures were screened between January 2015 and September 2019. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected. Linear and nonlinear multivariate Cox regression models were used to identify the association between NT-proBNP levels and mortality. All analyses were performed using EmpowerStats and the R software. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred fifty-four patients were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 34.35 ± 15.82 months. Four hundred twenty-nine (31.68%) patients died due to all-cause mortality. The preoperative NT-proBNP was median 337.95 (range 16.09-20,123.00) ng/L. Multivariate Cox regression models showed a nonlinearity association between NT-proBNP levels and mortality in elderly hip fractures. An NT-proBNP of 781 ng/L was an inflection point in the saturation effect. When < 781 ng/L, NT-proBNP was associated with mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-1.18, P < 0.0001), whereas at > 781 ng/L, NT-proBNP was not associated with mortality (HR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.98-1.01, P = 0.4718). In the stratification analysis, the result was stable. CONCLUSIONS: The NT-proBNP levels were nonlinearly associated with mortality in elderly hip fractures, and NT-proBNP of 781 ng/L was a valuable indicator of all-cause mortality. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2200057323.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Humanos , Idoso , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fragmentos de Peptídeos
3.
BMJ Open ; 13(4): e072474, 2023 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37041061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between the consumption frequencies of alcohol, tea and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and the hypertension risk among Chinese adults. DESIGN: A longitudinal study of the effect of beverage consumption on hypertension risk. SETTING: Nine provinces in China, including Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Shandong and Henan. PARTICIPANTS: The longitudinal data of the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 2004 to 2015 were used. A total of 4427 participants from 9 provinces were included at baseline. OUTCOME: First incidence of hypertension. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 8.7 years, 1478 participants developed hypertension. Alcohol consumption more than twice a week in young men (HR 1.86, 95% CI 1.09 to 3.18) or middle-aged men (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.87) was associated with a higher hypertension risk. Middle-aged women who consumed tea frequently (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.97), or young women who consumed SSBs less than once a week (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.14 to 0.67) had a lower risk of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency alcohol consumption increased the risk of hypertension in men, and frequent tea consumption and low-frequency SSBs consumption were associated with lower risk of hypertension in women. Consumption frequency of beverages was also suggested to be considered in the prevention and control of hypertension.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Hipertensão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Longitudinais , China , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Chá
4.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 336, 2022 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35177008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome has become a major health threat throughout the world, but there are few studies that focus on the effects of housework on human metabolism. This study explores the association between housework and metabolic markers and examines whether there are gender differences in the relationship of housework intensity on these markers. METHODS: We obtained data for 2,624 participants from the China Health and Nutrition Survey and used binary logistic regression to analyze the association between housework and metabolic markers (triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hemoglobin, blood glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure). RESULTS: We observed no association between housework and metabolic markers for men. However, we find that women who engaged in housework had a higher risk of triglycerides than those who did not (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.16, 4.25). Compared with low-intensity, we also find that women who performed moderate- and high-housework intensity had a higher risk of triglycerides (moderate-intensity: OR=1.78, 95% CI: 1.14, 2.78; high-intensity: OR=1.91, 95% CI: 1.22, 2.98), MetS (OR=1.54, 95% CI: 0.98, 2.43; OR=1.68, 95% CI: 1.07, 2.66), pre-hypertension (OR=1.68, 95% CI: 1.08, 2.62; OR=1.63, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.55), and obesity (OR=1.65, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.70; OR=1.66, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.72). CONCLUSION: In women, we find that housework is positively associated with the metabolic markers, triglycerides, MetS, and pre-hypertension. However, we did not find evidence that this relationship exists in men, f or any biomarkers we considered. One possible explanation is that people who engage in high-intensity housework are more stressed and sleep less, which could be a mechanism by which housework becomes associated with metabolic disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Pré-Hipertensão , Biomarcadores , Glicemia/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol , HDL-Colesterol , Feminino , Zeladoria , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11270, 2021 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050206

RESUMO

Controversial results have been reported about the association of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus and stroke risk, but none in China. To investigate the association between dietary calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and stroke incidence in Chinese adults, we collected data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 2004 to 2011, including 6411 participants aged 45-79 years and free of stroke at baseline. Diet was assessed by interviews combining 3-d 24-h food recalls and household food inventory weighing at each survey round. The stroke incident was identified based on the validated self-report. Multivariate Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). For 32,024 person-years of follow-up, 179 stroke cases were documented. After adjustment for major lifestyle and dietary risk factors, calcium intake was positively associated with reduced stroke risk, and the HR of stroke comparing extreme quartiles was 0.53 (95% CI 0.29-0.96, Ptrend = 0.03). In further stratified analyses, significant heterogeneity across sex strata was found (Pinteraction = 0.03). Dietary calcium intake among men was more inversely related to stroke, with HRs being 0.33 (95% CI 0.15-0.76, P trend = 0.02), compared to 1.24 (95% CI 0.46-3.35, Ptrend = 0.89) among women. However, no significant association between stroke and magnesium or phosphorus was revealed. Our findings suggest that higher dietary calcium intake was associated with a lower risk of stroke in Chinese adults, particularly in men.


Assuntos
Cálcio da Dieta/metabolismo , Fósforo na Dieta/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Idoso , Povo Asiático/genética , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cálcio/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Magnésio/metabolismo , Magnésio/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Fósforo/metabolismo , Fósforo/farmacologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(3): 289-300, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32206179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The single nucleotide polymorphisms of interleukin-21 (IL-21) gene were confirmed to be related to various diseases, but no studies have examined the possible role of IL-21 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs907715, rs2221903, and rs12508721) in gastric precancerous lesions. AIM: To explore the associations between SNPs of IL-21 gene (rs907715, rs2221903, and rs12508721) and gastric precancerous lesions in a Chinese population. METHODS: Three SNPs of IL-21 were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction in 588 cases and 290 healthy controls from May 2013 to December 2016 in northwestern China. Gastric precancerous lesions were confirmed by endoscopic examination and categorized as non-atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis, and intestinal metaplasia. Descriptive statistic and logistic regression were used for data analyses. RESULTS: IL-21 rs907715 genotype CC and C frequencies were higher in in patients with gastric precancerous lesions than in the controls (OR = 1.59, 95%CI: 1.06-2.38, P = 0.013; OR = 1.28, 95%CI: 1.01-2.22, P = 0.044, respectively) after adjusting for confounding factors. For SNP rs907715 in intestinal metaplasia patients, significant differences between cases and controls were observed in the frequencies of genotype CC and C (OR = 1.92, 95%CI: 1.24-2.98, P = 0.004; OR = 1.53, 95%CI: 1.04-2.24, P = 0.028, respectively); for non-atrophic gastritis and atrophic gastritis patients, the CC and C genotypes showed no significant association with risk in all models. No association between either rs2221903 or rs12508721 and gastric precancerous lesions was found in the present study. In the haplotype analysis, the TC haplotype (rs907715 and rs12508721) and TT haplotype (rs2221903 and rs907715) were more frequent in the case group than control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that SNP rs907715 of IL-21 gene is associated with gastric precancerous lesions. The TC haplotype (rs907715 and rs12508721) and TT haplotype (rs2221903 and rs907715) increased the risk of gastric precancerous lesions. If confirmed, these findings will shed light on the etiology of precancerous lesions.

7.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 28(4): 783-792, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Citrus fruit are suggested to be associated with reduced risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but findings from epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent. We aimed to synthesize the association by conducting a meta-analysis of existing evidence. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Databases including Medline, EMBASE, Web of science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies up to March 2019 using a series comprehensive searching terms. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of citrus fruit intake with NPC risk from each study were extracted to calculate a pooled association estimate with its 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Nine studies totaling 3304 cases and 3850 controls were included in this analysis. Citrus fruit intake was significantly associated with reduced risk of NPC (OR: 0.72, 95% CI 0.58-0.91, p=0.005). In addition, this association tended to be stronger in Chinese (OR: 0.67, 95% CI 0.54-0.84, p<0.001). Dose-response analysis using cubic splines showed the risk of NPC decreased by 21% for citrus fruit intake of 4 times/week (OR: 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.94). CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of citrus fruit was associated with a significantly reduced risk of NPC, especially in Chinese.


Assuntos
Citrus , Dieta , Frutas , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(34): 5152-5161, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG) gene at chromosome 13q33 consists of 15 exons, which may be related to the occurrence and development of gastric cancer (GC). AIM: To examine the association of several common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the XPG gene with GC risk and survival. METHODS: Five SNPs of XPG (rs2094258, rs751402, rs873601, rs2296147, and rs1047768) were genotyped by PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism in 956 histologically confirmed GC cases and 1012 controls in North China. GC patients were followed for survival status and, if deceased, cause of death. Logistic regression and Cox regression were used for analysing associations of XPG SNPs with risk of GC and prognosis, respectively. For rs2094258, heterozygous model (CT vs CC), homozygous model (TT vs CC), recessive model (TT vs CT + CC), and dominant model (TT + CT vs CC) were analyzed. RESULTS: None of the examined loci were statistically associated with GC risk, although rs2296147 was marginally associated with GC risk (P = 0.050). GC patients with the rs2094258 CT + CC genotype showed worse survival than those with the TT genotype (log-rank test, P = 0.028), and patients with the CC genotype had a tendency of unfavourable prognosis compared with those with the TT + CT genotype (log-rank test, P = 0.039). The increase in C alleles of rs2094258 [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.45, P = 0.037] were associated with the long-term survival of GC cases. Other risk factors for survival included tumor differentiation (HR = 4.51, 95%CI: 1.99-8.23, P < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (HR = 1.97, 95%CI: 1.44-3.01, P < 0.001), and use of chemotherapy (HR = 0.81, 95%CI: 0.63-0.98, P = 0.041). CONCLUSION: The XPG rs2094258 polymorphism may be associated with overall survival in GC patients.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
9.
Environ Pollut ; 249: 676-685, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933765

RESUMO

Economic development puts pressure on environment through air, water and land degradation, which in turn brings real costs to the economy. Actual economy growth should therefore consider the environmental degradation cost resulted from economic activities. Pearl River Delta (PRD) region as a typical delta area with rapid development in China, is with great significance to understand the loses resulted from environmental pollution. This study conducts an environmental economic accounting within the PRD region from 2011 to 2015 using the environmental degradation cost accounting approach. We identified and calculated the economic, agricultural, industrial and social losses resulting from air, water and waste pollution with different valuation methods, which includes shadow price, replacement costs, market value method, etc. The results showed the total environmental degradation cost ranged from 18.1 to 19.8 billion US$ and the environmental degradation index declined slightly over the years, with significant differences among cities. It implied that the environmental condition of PRD region has been continuously improved over the years, but the capacity of environment control between cities had large differences. Cities in PRD region should therefore take measures tailored to their current situation to optimize their resource endowment and industrial structure, to overcome the conflicts between economic development and environmental protection. For cities with relatively high degradation cost, it is urgent to accelerate the efforts in improving the quality of the environment and ecosystem. For cities with lower degradation cost, it is important to take actions to keep on a sustainable and ecological efficient developing path. MAIN FINDINGS: The total environmental degradation cost of the PRD region is firstly calculated with insights on environmental management.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Rios/química , Agricultura , China , Cidades , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/economia , Poluição Ambiental/economia , Indústrias
10.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-238455

RESUMO

Genital tract infections with ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and chlamydia trachomatis (CT) are the most frequent sexually-transmitted disease worldwide. UU and CT infections are considered to be the leading cause for infertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about the specific effect of cervical UU and CT infections on the etiology of female infertility, as well as the pregnancy outcomes of the patients undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET). In order to find the association between cervical UU and/or CT infection and pregnancy outcomes, we conducted a retrospective case-control study on the patients undergoing IVF/ICSI-ET with cervical UU and/or CT infection. A total of 2208 patients who received IVF/ICSI-ET were enrolled in this study. Data on the general conditions, pregnancy history and clinical pregnant outcomes were analyzed in terms of the cervical UU and CT detection. Our results revealed that cervical UU and CT infections were the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor-induced infertility. Moreover, the pregnancy rate, abortion rate, ectopic pregnancy rate and premature birth rate in patients with UU and/or CT infections showed no significant difference when compared with the control group. We recommend that cervical UU and CT detection should be an optional item for infertility patients and clinical UU detection should differentiate the subtypes of cervical UU. Positive cervical UU and CT infections should not be taken as strict contraindications for IVF/ICSI-ET.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Infecções por Chlamydia , Microbiologia , Patologia , Chlamydia trachomatis , Virulência , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização in vitro , Taxa de Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Infecções do Sistema Genital , Microbiologia , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Métodos , Infecções por Ureaplasma , Microbiologia , Patologia , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Virulência
11.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15711, 2015 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26503844

RESUMO

Three high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-related loci have been reported to be associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but the results were inconsistent. In this study, the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) rs3764261 variant was significantly associated with an increased risk of AMD (odds ratio [OR] = 1.13, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-1.21, P < 0.001), and the hepatic lipase (LIPC) rs10468017 variant was associated with a significantly decreased risk of AMD (OR = 0.81, CI: 0.76-0.86, P < 0.001). Individuals carrying the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) rs12678919 polymorphism (A → G) had no significant change in the risk of developing AMD (OR = 1.01, CI: 0.92-1.10, P = 0.17). After adjusting for the complement factor H (CFH) gene, both CETP and LPL conferred a significantly increased AMD risk (ORCETP = 1.17, CI: 1.08-1.26, P < 0.001; ORLPL = 1.11, CI: 1.01-1.22, P = 0.02). Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity revealed a significant association between the CETP variant and AMD in both Americans (OR = 1.12, CI: 1.02-1.23, P = 0.01) and Europeans (OR = 1.10, CI: 1.01-1.19, P = 0.011). This meta-analysis revealed that both CETP rs3764261 and LIPC rs10468017 polymorphisms were significantly associated with AMD risk. After adjustment for the CFH gene, CETP/LPL conferred a significantly increased susceptibility to the disease, indicating potential interactions among genes in the complement system and the lipid metabolism pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lipase/genética , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Degeneração Macular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Genótipo , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Razão de Chances , Risco
12.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 56(9): 5590-8, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26305531

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Two common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CX3CR1 gene, T280M and V249I, have been reported to affect the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in several studies. The aim of the present study was to combine all published data on the relationship between these two variants and AMD susceptibility in a meta-analysis to clarify this association. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science were searched for all eligible studies on the relationship between AMD and T280M and V249I variants. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each SNP in the allele frequency, homozygote, second codominant genotype, and dominant genotype models were calculated to evaluate the strength of this association. RESULTS: A total of 3017 AMD cases and 4096 controls from eight studies were involved in this meta-analysis. Both T280M and V249I SNPs exhibited significant associations with increased risk of AMD in the allele (T versus C: OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.06-1.91; A versus G: OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.01-1.55) and homozygous models (TT versus CC: OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1.00-4.43; AA versus GG: OR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.00-1.61), while no significance association was observed for the codominant genotype model. Moreover, studies showing high linkage disequilibrium between these two variants demonstrated a significantly stronger connection between these SNPs and AMD risk, compared with the moderate linkage disequilibrium group. CONCLUSIONS: Significant evidence for a relationship between T280M and V249I variants in CX3CR1 in the homozygote state with increased susceptibility to AMD was reported. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Quimiocinas/genética , Alelos , Receptor 1 de Quimiocina CX3C , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Degeneração Macular/metabolismo
13.
Gene ; 567(1): 51-7, 2015 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25921964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between G1961E and D2177N variants in the ABCA4 gene with AMD susceptibility. DESIGN AND METHODS: All eligible studies published up to October 2014 were obtained from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to evaluate the strength of this association. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies enrolling 4580 AMD cases and 5180 controls were identified. Both G1961E (OR = 3.22, 95% CI: 1.74-5.95) and D2177N (OR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.41-3.93) variations showed significant associations with increased risk of AMD. In addition, a more significant relationship in the D2177N mutation with increased risk for AMD was found in Americans (OR = 4.31, 95% CI: 1.90-9.73), while no association was demonstrated in Europeans. For Asians, no carriers of the risk factor A allele in either variant were detected in any of AMD patients and control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Significant evidence was found for a relationship between the G1961E and D2177N variants in ABCA4 with increased susceptibility to AMD, specifically for Americans. However, large-scale studies are still required to further validate these findings in different ethnicities.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Degeneração Macular/genética , Mutação , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-250317

RESUMO

Whether the type of culture media utilized in assisted reproductive technology has impacts on laboratory outcomes and birth weight of newborns in in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was investigated. A total of 673 patients undergoing IVF/ICSI and giving birth to live singletons after fresh embryo transfer on day 3 from Jan. 1, 2010 to Dec. 31, 2012 were included. Three types of culture media were used during this period: Quinn's Advantage (QA), Single Step Medium (SSM), and Continuous Single Culture medium (CSC). Fertilization rate (FR), normal fertilization rate (NFR), cleavage rate (CR), normal cleavage rate (NCR), good-quality embryo rate (GQER) and neonatal birth weight were compared using one-way ANOVA and χ (2) tests. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the impact of culture media on laboratory outcomes and birth weight. In IVF cycles, GQER was significantly decreased in SSM medium group as compared with QA or CSC media groups (63.6% vs. 69.0% in QA; vs. 71.3% in CSC, P=0.011). In ICSI cycles, FR, NFR and CR were significantly lower in CSC medium group than in other two media groups. No significant difference was observed in neonatal birthweight among the three groups (P=0.759). Multiple linear regression analyses confirmed that the type of culture medium was correlated with FR, NFR, CR and GQER, but not with neonatal birth weight. The type of culture media had potential influences on laboratory outcomes but did not exhibit an impact on the birth weight of singletons in ART.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Peso ao Nascer , Meios de Cultura , Fertilização in vitro , Resultado da Gravidez
15.
Neurochem Int ; 62(7): 922-30, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23499794

RESUMO

Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) produces neurodegeneration and brain injury, and leads to behavioral and cognitive dysfunction. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment may potentially be neuroprotective in HI injury. The aim of this study was to examine any neuroprotection by HBO treatment on long-term neurological function in the rat model of neontatal HI. Seven-day-old rats were subjected to HI or sham surgery. HBO treatment was administered (2.5 ATA for 90 min) 1h after hypoxia exposure. Sensorimotor (grip test and rota-rod) and cognitive tests (inhibitory avoidance and Morris water maze) were performed at postnatal day 28 to day 60. The extent of brain damage was determined by histological evaluation. Apoptosis, caspase-3 and apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) expression were assessed by immunohistochemistry 12, 24, and 48 h after HI. HI-treated animals had significantly worse sensorimotor and cognitive performances than those in the Sham group. HBO treatment led to significant improvements in neurobehavioral functions compared to the HI group, especially for cognitive performances. Morphological evaluation revealed a remarkable recovery of brain injury in the HBO group. Furthermore, the improvements in neurobehavioral impairments were correlated with the reduction in lesion size of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. The proportion of apoptotic cells significantly increased with time after HI, and HBO significantly inhibited apoptotic cell death. The proportion of caspase-3 positive cells and nuclear AIF translocation increased and peaked at 24h after HI injury. HBO-treated rats showed decreased expression of these proteins compared to HI-treated animals. In conclusion, our results suggested that HBO treatment was effective in promoting long-term functional and histological recovery against neonatal HI brain injury. HBO-induced neuroprotection was associated with suppression of apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 and AIF-mediated pathways. Further studies evaluating its associated molecular and cellular mechanism are needed.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/terapia , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica/métodos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Atherosclerosis ; 227(2): 380-5, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23398944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether lutein affected biomarkers related to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in healthy nonsmokers. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of lutein supplementation was conducted in healthy nonsmokers. 117 eligible subjects were randomly assigned to receive 10 or 20 mg/d of lutein or placebo for 12 weeks. Levels of plasma carotenoid concentrations, total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), the lipoprotein profile, and antioxidant enzymes activities were determined at baseline and at 6, and 12 weeks after the initiation of treatment. Biomarkers of oxidative damage to protein and lipids, and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations were measured at baseline and after supplementation. RESULTS: Plasma lutein and TAOC significantly increased in both active treatment groups during 12 weeks. A significant reduction was found in malondialdehyde in the 20 mg lutein group. CRP concentration decreased in a dose-dependent manner for lutein supplementation, and there was a significant between-group difference in CRP between the 20 mg lutein and the placebo group. Serum CRP was directly related to the change in plasma lutein and TAOC for both active treatment groups. CONCLUSION: The results support the possibility that lutein supplementation reduce biomarkers of CVD risk via decreased lipid peroxidation and inflammatory response by increasing plasma lutein concentrations and antioxidant capacity.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Suplementos Nutricionais , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Luteína/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Carotenoides/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fumar , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 814-818, 2009.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-241250

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine an optimal insemination technique for patients suspected of high risk of fertilization failure and undergoing assisted reproduction treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-nine couples were treated by conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in one cycle (half-ICSI) by dividing the sibling oocytes in halves. The clinical and laboratory data were analyzed, and the rates of fertilization, cleavage, good embryos and clinical pregnancy were compared between different fertilization methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the half-ICSI group, the fertilization rate of ICSI (80.5%) was significantly higher than that of IVF (42.9%) (P < 0.01), and so were the rates of complete fertilization failure (21.2%) and low fertilization (16.2%) of IVF than those of ICSI (0 and 3.0%). No significant differences were observed in the rates of cleavage and good-quality embryos between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI can help to avoid complete fertilization failure, achieve more high quality embryos for transfer and improve the rate of pregnancy for patients with high risk of fertilization failure.</p>


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Fertilização in vitro , Métodos , Oócitos , Biologia Celular , Resultado da Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Métodos
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