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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 226-235, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629276

RESUMO

The paraffin is the widely used solid-liquid phase change material (PCM) with large fusion latent heat in thermal management, and vanadium dioxide (VO2) is a promising reversible solid-solid PCM with a near-ambient phase transition temperature (Tc = ~68 °C). In the real applications, the paraffin is always wrapped with inorganic or organic shells to stabilize the shape during the fusion/solidification with compromising large amounts of latent heat. Herein, we proposed the paraffin@VO2 PCM structure for the first time, which combines the solid-liquid paraffin PCM core and the solid-solid VO2 PCM shell. The paraffin@VO2 PCM structure is synthesized via an emulsion method starting with the Te/W-codoped VO2 microparticles and the paraffin wax (C26H54). This developed PCM structure shows a suitable Tc = 58.2 °C (ΔTc = 5.5 °C), a decent fusion latent heat 163 J/g and a largely enhanced thermal conductivity 1.53 W/mK, which should be promising for the high-efficient thermal management applications.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109894, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706239

RESUMO

Modulation of plant salt tolerance has been drawing great attention. Thymol is a kind of natural chemical that has been developed as anti-microbial reagent and medicine. To date, we still have limited knowledge about thymol-modulated plant physiology. In this work, physiological, histochemical, and biochemical methods were adopted to study thymol-conferred salt resistance in the root of rice (Oryza sativa). Thymol significantly rescued root growth under salt stress. Thymol ameliorated cell membrane damage, oxidative stress, ROS accumulation, and cell death in roots under salt stress. Thymol-attenuated oxidative stress may be resulted from the activation of anti-oxidative capacity, including both enzymatic and non-enzymatic system. Thymol treatment significantly decreased Na+ content in root cells upon salt stress, which might be ascribed to the upregulation of OsSOS1 (salt overly sensitive 1) facilitating Na+ exclusion. In addition, thymol stimulated the expression of genes encoding tonoplast OsNHX (Na+/H+antiporter), which may help root cells to compartmentalize Na+ in vacuole. The results of these works evidenced that thymol was capable of inducing salt tolerance by reestablishing ROS homeostasis and modulating cellular Na+ flux in rice roots. These findings may be applicable to improve crop growth in salinity area.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134607, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710904

RESUMO

Most previous studies focused on the association between climate variables and seasonal influenza activity in tropical or temperate zones, little is known about the associations in different influenza types in subtropical China. The study aimed to explore the associations of multiple climate variables with influenza A (Flu-A) and B virus (Flu-B) transmissions in Shanghai, China. Weekly influenza virus and climate data (mean temperature (MeanT), diurnal temperature range (DTR), relative humidity (RH) and wind velocity (Wv)) were collected between June 2012 and December 2018. Generalized linear models (GLMs), distributed lag non-linear models (DLNMs) and regression tree models were developed to assess such associations. MeanT exerted the peaking risk of Flu-A at 1.4 °C (2-weeks' cumulative relative risk (RR): 14.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.67-23.31) and 25.8 °C (RR: 12.21, 95%CI: 6.64-19.83), Flu-B had the peak at 1.4 °C (RR: 26.44, 95%CI: 11.52-51.86). The highest RR of Flu-A was 23.05 (95%CI: 5.12-88.45) at DTR of 15.8 °C, that of Flu-B was 38.25 (95%CI: 15.82-87.61) at 3.2 °C. RH of 51.5% had the highest RR of Flu-A (9.98, 95%CI: 4.03-26.28) and Flu-B (4.63, 95%CI: 1.95-11.27). Wv of 3.5 m/s exerted the peaking RR of Flu-A (7.48, 95%CI: 2.73-30.04) and Flu-B (7.87, 95%CI: 5.53-11.91). DTR ≥ 12 °C and MeanT <22 °C were the key drivers for Flu-A and Flu-B, separately. The study found complex non-linear relationships between climate variability and different influenza types in Shanghai. We suggest the careful use of meteorological variables in influenza prediction in subtropical regions, considering such complex associations, which may facilitate government and health authorities to better minimize the impacts of seasonal influenza.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117413, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369990

RESUMO

The twelve Λ-S electronic states of the first four dissociation limits of the MgSb molecule have been examined at the icMRCI+Q level employing basis sets of quintuple-ζ quality. The potential energy curves, vibrational levels and spectroscopic constants of the species have been investigated. The permanent dipole moments of the interested states are derived, and the transition dipole moments, Einstein emission coefficients, radiation lifetimes and Franck-Condon factors between selected states are also determined. Four Λ-S states of the first two dissociation limits split into seven Ω states under the effect of spin-orbit coupling. Characterizations of the MgSb low-lying Ω states are performed for the first time. In addition, the results and relevant data provided in this work on MgSb are compared with the antimony-IIA group and magnesium-VA group diatomic species. It is anticipated that this work will shed some light on further investigations of MgSb and other antimony-IIA group systems.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790573

RESUMO

Superhydrophobicity based on the micro- and nano-structures is frangible to external loading. It is a challenged issue for flexible superhydrophobic surfaces to maintain superhydrophobicity while deforming under external loading. Herein, PDMS-based micro/nano-textured flexible surfaces with robust superhydrophobicity were fabricated by an effective and environmentally friendly method. The formation mechanism of the micro/nano-textured structures and the formation reason of superhydrophobicity were investigated. The effects of reaction time on wettability were also explored. Besides, the changes of morphology and superhydrophobicity under external loading were studied. It is found that micro/nano-textured structures maintained unchanged, and only the bottom layer generated cracks under external loading. There were no obvious change of superhydrophobicity under a tensile strain up to breaking, 500 cycles of bending, and 100 cm height of water droplets and NaCl particles impacting. Self-cleaning property was also verified in cleaning the surfaces covered with various contaminants by water droplets. The fabricated PDMS-based micro/nano-textured flexible surfaces with good mechanical stability and self-cleaning property are expected to be applied in flexible electronic devices.

7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 364, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The limited proliferative ability of hepatocytes is a major limitation to meet their demand for cell-based therapy, bio-artificial liver device, and drug tests. One strategy is to amplify cells at the hepatoblast (HB) stage. However, expansion of HBs with their bipotency preserved is challenging. Most HB expansion methods hardly maintain the bipotency and also lack functional confirmation. METHODS: On the basis of analyzing and manipulating related signaling pathways during HB (derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells, iPSCs) differentiation and proliferation, we established a specific chemically defined cocktails to synergistically regulate the related signaling pathways that optimize the balance of HB proliferation ability and stemness maintenance, to expand the HBs and investigate their capacity for injured liver repopulation in immune-deficient mice. RESULTS: We found that the proliferative ability progressively declines during HB differentiation process. Small molecule activation of Wnt or inhibition of TGF-ß pathways promoted HB proliferation but diminished their bipotency, whereas activation of hedgehog (HH) signaling stimulated proliferation and sustained HB phenotypes. A cocktail synergistically regulating the BMP/WNT/TGF-ß/HH pathways created a fine balance for expansion and maintenance of the bipotency of HBs. After purification, colony formation, and expansion for 20 passages, HBs retained their RNA profile integrity, normal karyotype, and ability to differentiate into mature hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Moreover, upon transplantation into liver injured mice, the expanded HBs could engraft and differentiate into mature human hepatocytes and repopulate liver tissue with restoring hepatocyte mass. CONCLUSION: Our data contribute to the understanding of some signaling pathways for human HB proliferation in vitro. Simultaneous BMP/HGF induction, activation of Wnt and HH, and inhibition of TGF-ß pathways created a reliable method for long-term stable large-scale expansion of HBs to obtain mature hepatocytes that may have substantial clinical applications.

8.
Environ Technol ; : 1-26, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797752

RESUMO

The oxidation of Fe2+ by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans) in acid mine drainage (AMD) is often accompanied by formation of iron hydroxysulfate minerals, such as schwertmannite and jarosite. This study reported that 80 mmol·L-1 of Fe2+ could be completely oxidized by A. ferrooxidans LX5 within 48 h, but only 27.7% of the resultant Fe3+ precipitated to form schwertmannite. However, the conversion efficiency to jarosite was much higher (54.5%). The formation of jarosite lasted 120 h, while only 24 h when conversed to schwertmannite. By constructing a cyclic process of "Cu-reducing coupled with bio-oxidization", the total Fe in AMD could be fully converted into mineral precipitates. The resultant mineral specie could be regulated simply by control the K+ concentration. Thermodynamically, Fe3+ cannot hydrolyze spontaneously to form schwertmannite due to the positive Gibbs free energy (ΔrG°m = 6.63 kJ·mol-1) of the reaction. However, if Fe2+ were biologically oxidized by A. ferrooxidans, the resultant Fe3+ could spontaneously form schwertmannite because the aforementioned coupling reaction has a negative Gibbs free energy (ΔrG°m = -34.12 kJ·mol-1). Even though Fe3+ itself could hydrolyze to form jarosite spontaneously with ΔrG°m = -22.20 kJ·mol-1, the coupling reaction of Fe2+ bio-oxidation followed by Fe3+ hydrolysis in the presence of K+ could easily promote the formation of jarosite, which exhibited a great negative Gibbs energy (ΔrG°m = -67.45 kJ·mol-1).Highlights In AMD environment, Fe2+ oxidation and Fe3+ hydrolysis form secondary Fe mineralsThe thermodynamics and coupling of secondary Fe minerals formation are studiedA. ferrooxidans oxidation of Fe2+ played an important role in mineral synthesisThe oxidization was coupled with the Cu-reducing Fe3+ reactionThe synthesis was easier as more Gibbs energy could be provided.

9.
Brief Bioinform ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802105

RESUMO

Differential splicing (DS) is a post-transcriptional biological process with critical, wide-ranging effects on a plethora of cellular activities and disease processes. To date, a number of computational approaches have been developed to identify and quantify differentially spliced genes from RNA-seq data, but a comprehensive intercomparison and appraisal of these approaches is currently lacking. In this study, we systematically evaluated 10 DS analysis tools for consistency and reproducibility, precision, recall and false discovery rate, agreement upon reported differentially spliced genes and functional enrichment. The tools were selected to represent the three different methodological categories: exon-based (DEXSeq, edgeR, JunctionSeq, limma), isoform-based (cuffdiff2, DiffSplice) and event-based methods (dSpliceType, MAJIQ, rMATS, SUPPA). Overall, all the exon-based methods and two event-based methods (MAJIQ and rMATS) scored well on the selected measures. Of the 10 tools tested, the exon-based methods performed generally better than the isoform-based and event-based methods. However, overall, the different data analysis tools performed strikingly differently across different data sets or numbers of samples.

10.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701666

RESUMO

As a new environmentally friendly separation technology, deep eutectic solvent based aqueous two-phase systems are extensively applied in various fields. Herein, we review recent advances in this field, and highlight of the possible directions of future developments. This article focuse on the effects of deep eutectic solvent and inorganic salts on the phase equilibrium, the microstructure of deep eutectic solvent based aqueous two-phase systems, the applications of deep eutectic solvent based aqueous two-phase systems in separation (proteins, biopolymers, saponins, and organic acids), and removal and recovery technologies for deep eutectic solvent from aqueous two-phase systems. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
J Vasc Res ; : 1-10, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715615

RESUMO

AIM: Glucose fluctuations may be responsible for, or further the onset of arterial hypertension, but the exact mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms behind and related to aortic fibrosis and aortic stiffening induced by glucose fluctuations. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin (STZ) and randomly divided into three treatment groups: controlled STZ-induced diabetes (C-STZ); uncontrolled STZ-induced diabetes (U-STZ); and STZ-induced diabetes with glucose fluctuations (STZ-GF). After 3 weeks, rat blood pressure (BP) was tested, and aortic fibrosis was detected by using the Masson trichrome staining technique. Levels of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), collagen type 1 (collagen I), and NADPH oxidases were determined by Western blot.Rat vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro were used to explore underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: The systolic BP of diabetic rats in the C-STZ, U-STZ, and STZ-GF groups was 127.67 ± 6.53, 150.03 ± 5.24, and 171.63 ± 3.53 mm Hg, respectively (p< 0.05). The mean BP of diabetic rats in the three groups was 91.20 ± 10.07, 117.29 ± 4.28, and 140.58 ± 2.14 mm Hg, respectively (p< 0.05). The diastolic BP of diabetic rats in the three groups was 73.20 ± 12.63, 101.93 ± 5.79, and 125.37 ± 4.62 mm Hg, respectively (p< 0.05). The ratios of fibrosis areas in the aortas of the three groups were 11.85 ± 1.23, 29.00 ± 0.87, and 48.36 ± 0.55, respectively (p< 0.05). The expressions of p38 MAPK, Runx2, and collagen I were significantly increased in the STZ-GF group. In vitro, applications of inhibitors of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and p38 MAPK successfully reversed glucose fluctuations that would have possibly induced aortic fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Blood glucose fluctuations aggravate aortic fibrosis via affecting the ROS/p38 MAPK /Runx2 signaling pathway.

12.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675439

RESUMO

The endophytic fungus Falciphora oryzae was initially isolated from wild rice (Oryza granulata) and colonizes many crop species and promotes plant growth. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying F. oryzae-mediated growth promotion are still unknown. We found that F. oryzae was able to colonize Arabidopsis thaliana. The most dramatic change after F. oryzae inoculation was observed in the root architecture, as evidenced by increased lateral root growth but reduced primary root length, similar to the effect of auxin, a significant plant growth hormone. The expression of genes responsible for auxin biosynthesis, transport, and signalling was regulated in Arabidopsis roots after F. oryzae cocultivation. Indole derivatives were detected at significantly higher levels in liquid media after cocultivation compared with separate cultivation of Arabidopsis and F. oryzae. Consistently, the expression of indole biosynthetic genes was highly upregulated in F. oryzae upon treatment with Arabidopsis exudates. Global analysis of Arabidopsis gene expression at the early stage after F. oryzae cocultivation suggested that signals were exchanged to initiate Arabidopsis-F. oryzae interactions. All these results suggest that signalling molecules from Arabidopsis roots are perceived by F. oryzae and induce the biosynthesis of indole derivatives in F. oryzae, consequently stimulating Arabidopsis lateral root growth.

13.
Nanoscale ; 11(44): 21479-21486, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686061

RESUMO

Transition metal sulfides have emerged as promising hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts in acidic media due to high intrinsic activity. They exhibit inferior HER activity in alkaline media, however, owing to the sluggish water dissociation kinetics. Herein, in-plane MoS2/Co9S8 heterostructures are in situ grown on three-dimensional carbon network substrates with interconnected hierarchical pores by one-step pyrolysis to enhance the alkaline HER activity. The experiment results reveal that the HER kinetics of MoS2 is accelerated after the construction of heterostructures. The synthesized MoS2/Co9S8 heterostructures anchored on a three-dimensional interconnected hierarchical pore carbon network exhibit a lower overpotential of 177 mV than MoS2 (252 mV) at 10 mA cm-2 for the HER in 1 M KOH. The enhanced catalytic performance is mainly attributed to the accelerated water dissociation kinetics on the interface of MoS2 and Co9S8. In combination with DFT calculations, it is revealed that assembling the interface construction synergistically favors the chemisorption of protons and the cleavage of the O-H bonds of the H2O molecule, thus accelerating the kinetics of the HER. Moreover, the three-dimensional interconnected hierarchical pore carbon (3DC) network structure is beneficial for the circulation of the electrolyte and H2 spillover. This study demonstrates the present strategy as a facile route for fabricating efficient HER catalysts.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225072, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the correlated risk factors among male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) in a Chinese-Vietnamese border region in Yunnan Province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2014 and 2015 in Hekou County, Yunnan Province, China. Convenience sampling and snowball sampling methods were used to recruit male clients for a questionnaire survey to collect information on demographics, sexual behavior, and drug use. Blood and urine samples were collected for testing of HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and drug use. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine factors correlated with HIV infection. RESULTS: Of 776 respondents who participated in the study, 721 (92.91%) were Chinese and 55 (7.09%) were Vietnamese. Overall HIV prevalence in male clients of FSWs was 2.06%, 128 (16.49%) were infected with HSV-2, and five (0.64%) tested syphilis-positive. Two-thirds (68.81%) of respondents reported always using condoms with FSWs, and 89.05% reported condom use in the last episode of commercial sex. Male clients from Vietnam were significantly more likely to take morphine (9.09%) compared with Chinese male clients of FSWs. Age ≥50 years (OR: 8.11, 95%CI: 1.26-52.16) and morphine positivity (OR: 7.35, 95%CI: 1.42-38.06) were associated with HIV infection in the multivariate logistic regression model. CONCLUSION: The relatively high proportion of male clients of FSWs who have numerous sexual partners and use condoms less frequently make them serve as important bridges for HIV transmission from FSWs to the low-risk general population. The positive association between morphine positivity and HIV infection confirmed illegal drug use as another important route for acquiring HIV infection in addition to sexual transmission, indicating that innovative interventions addressing both drug use and risky sexual behaviors are greatly required for male clients. Respondents aged ≥50 years have a higher risk of HIV infection, which emphasizes that older male clients of FSWs should be focused in future HIV prevention interventions in the border regions of China.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16296, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704983

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common neurological condition associated with high disability and mortality. Alterations in protein ubiquitination have emerged as a key mechanism in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Here, we investigated the effects of the E3 ubiquitin ligase ring finger protein 34 (RNF34) on neurological deficits and brain injury in ICH mice. An ICH model was established via intracerebral injection of autologous blood into wild-type and RNF34 transgenic mice. Brain injury, neurological function, neuronal activity, and oxidative stress levels were measured, respectively. The underlying mechanisms were explored by molecular and cellular approaches. Our results showed that RNF34 overexpression in mice significantly aggravated the ICH-induced memory impairment, brain edema, infarction, hematoma volume, and loss of neuronal activity. RNF34 and oxidative stress levels gradually increased from 6 to 48 h after the ICH challenge and were positively correlated. The ICH-induced increase in intracellular ROS, superoxide anion, and mROS generation and the decrease in adenosine triphosphate production were exacerbated in RNF34 transgenic mice, but NADPH oxidase activity was unaffected. Moreover, RNF34 upregulation potentiated the ICH-induced decrease in PGC-1α, UCP2, and MnSOD expressions. RNF34 interacted with PGC-1α and targeted it for ubiquitin-dependent degradation. This study reveals that RNF34 exacerbates neurological deficits and brain injury by facilitating PGC-1α protein degradation and promoting mitochondrial dysfunction-mediated oxidative stress.

16.
Org Lett ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725304

RESUMO

Herein, we report a straightforward, environmentally friendly, and controllable palladium/ligand catalytic system to enable reductive/oxidative Heck reactions of cyclic enones with thiophene or furan derivatives via C-H activation. The key to this tunable reaction is the appropriate intercepting thienyl-Pd(II)-enolate during the enolization process. Such a controllable and economic protocol would not only provide efficient methods to construct various value-added ß-heteroarylated cyclic ketones/enones but also shed light on developing other conjugate addition reactions via C-H activation.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17624, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689770

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is a male malignant tumor disease with high prevalence in recent years. Patients with advanced prostate cancer are more likely to have bone metastasis and have strong bone pain, and even lead to pathological fracture, which has a serious impact on the quality of life of patients. Traditional Chinese medicine has good clinical efficacy in treating pain caused by prostate cancer .This review hopes to adopt meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM in the treatment of pain caused by prostate cancer and provide evidence for its application in clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to June 2019.We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of pain caused by prostate cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM for pain caused by prostate cancer. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019131544.

18.
J Appl Gerontol ; : 733464819885528, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690156

RESUMO

This study investigates the relationship between social participation and health outcomes between caregivers and noncaregivers in Great Britain. Previous studies indicate that the impact of informal caregiving on the carer's health is complex, and the intensity of care provision has an adverse impact on the caregivers' health, while social participation could have a protective role in this respect. Using qualitative and quantitative data from Wave 8 of the 1958 National Child Development Study, the analysis shows that social participation has a positive effect on the carers' mental health and subjective well-being. Individuals who did not engage in social participation reported lower levels of mental health and control, autonomy, self-realization and pleasure (CASP) scores than those engaged in social participation. The qualitative results showed the barriers to social participation of caregivers to be time, energy, and finance. We discuss ways in which the government could address such barriers to improve the level of social participation among caregivers.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692138

RESUMO

Rational design of adsorbent that targets the marine factors is highly possible to enhance the efficiency for uranium extraction from natural seawater. Herein, based on the photoinduced photothermal, photoelectric, and photocatalytic effects of black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets, a BP-PAO fiber with enhanced uranium extraction capacity and high antibiofouling activity is fabricated by compositing BP nanosheets into polyacrylamidoxime (PAO). The photothermal effect increases the coordination interaction between UO22+ and the functional amidoxime group, and the photoelectric effect produces the surface positive electric field that exhibits electrostatic attraction to the negative [UO2(CO3)3]4-, which all increase the capacity for uranium adsorption. The photocatalytic effect endows the adsorbent with high antibiofouling activity by producing biotoxic reactive oxygen species. Due to these three photoinduced effects, the photoinduced BP-PAO fiber shows a high uranium adsorption capacity of 11.76 mg g-1, which is 1.50 times of the PAO fiber, in bacterial contained natural seawater.

20.
Food Chem ; 309: 125745, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678670

RESUMO

Simultaneous determination of multiclass illegal dyes possessing different chemical properties is difficult. By using LC-MS/MS via negative/positive ion switching mode, an efficient and fast multi-residual method for simultaneous determination of multiclass 52 illegal dyes with different acidic-basic properties in foodstuffs was developed and validated during one single run, including 23 fat-soluble neutral azo dyes, 8 acidic sulfonated azo dyes, 12 triphenylmethane basic dyes, three basic indole dyes, three xanthene dyes, one quinoline dye, and two anthraquinones dyes. The illegal dyes were extracted with methanol-acetonitrile and further purified with d-SPE procedure to reduce interference. Sample dilution with 100-fold was used for the elimination of matrix effects of the quantitation of LC-MS/MS analysis. Validation data showed the good recoveries in the range of 71.2-111.2%, with relative standard deviations less than 20%, suggesting the developed method is suitable for the identification and quantitation of multiclass illegal dyes at trace levels in foods.

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