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1.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385871

RESUMO

CONTEXT.­: Regulatory T-cell (Treg) detection in peripheral blood, based on flow cytometry, is invaluable for diagnosis and treatment of immune-mediated diseases. However, there is a lack of reliable methods to verify the performance, which is pivotal towards standardization of the Tregs assay. OBJECTIVE.­: To conduct standardization studies and verify the performance of 3 commercially available reagent sets for the Tregs assay based on flow cytometry and agreement analysis for Treg detection across the different reagent sets. DESIGN.­: The analytical performance of Tregs assay using reagent sets supplied by 3 manufacturers was evaluated after establishing the gating strategy and determining the optimal antibody concentration. Postcollection sample stability was evaluated, as well as the repeatability, reproducibility, reportable range, linearity, and assay carryover. Agreement between the different assays was assessed via Bland-Altman plots and linear regression analysis. The relationship between the frequency of CD4+CD25+CD127low/- Tregs and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs was evaluated. RESULTS.­: The postcollection sample stability was set at 72 hours after collection at room temperature. The accuracy, repeatability, reproducibility, and accuracy all met the requirements for clinical analysis. Excellent linearity, with R2 ≥0.9 and no assay carryover, was observed. For reportable range, a minimum of 1000 events in the CD3+CD4+ gate was required for Tregs assay. Moreover, the results for Tregs labeled by antibodies from the 3 manufacturers were in good agreement. The percentage of CD4+CD25+CD127low/- Tregs was closely correlated with CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs. CONCLUSIONS.­: This is the first study to evaluate systematically the measurement performance of Tregs in peripheral blood by flow cytometry, which provides a practical solution to verifying the performance of flow cytometry-based immune monitoring projects in clinical practice.

2.
Ageing Res Rev ; 95: 102230, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364912

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative disorders represent a significant and growing global health challenge, necessitating continuous advancements in diagnostic tools for accurate and early detection. This work explores the recent progress in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques and their application in the realm of neurodegenerative disorders. The introductory section provides a comprehensive overview of the study's background, significance, and objectives. Recognizing the current challenges associated with conventional MRI, the manuscript delves into advanced imaging techniques such as high-resolution structural imaging (HR-MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and positron emission tomography-MRI (PET-MRI) fusion. Each technique is critically examined regarding its potential to address theranostic limitations and contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the underlying pathology. A substantial portion of the work is dedicated to exploring the applications of advanced MRI in specific neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). In addressing the future landscape, the manuscript examines technological advances, including the integration of machine learning and artificial intelligence in neuroimaging. The conclusion summarizes key findings, outlines implications for future research, and underscores the importance of these advancements in reshaping our understanding and approach to neurodegenerative disorders.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 45: 104010, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain tumors have serious adverse effects on public health and social economy. Accurate detection of brain tumor types is critical for effective and proactive treatment, and thus improve the survival of patients. METHODS: Four types of brain tumor tissue sections were detected by Raman spectroscopy. Principal component analysis (PCA) has been used to reduce the dimensionality of the Raman spectra data. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA) methods were utilized to discriminate different types of brain tumors. RESULTS: Raman spectra were collected from 40 brain tumors. Variations in intensity and shift were observed in the Raman spectra positioned at 721, 854, 1004, 1032, 1128, 1248, 1449 cm-1 for different brain tumor tissues. The PCA results indicated that glioma, pituitary adenoma, and meningioma are difficult to differentiate from each other, whereas acoustic neuroma is clearly distinguished from the other three tumors. Multivariate analysis including QDA and LDA methods showed the classification accuracy rate of the QDA model was 99.47 %, better than the rate of LDA model was 95.07 %. CONCLUSIONS: Raman spectroscopy could be used to extract valuable fingerprint-type molecular and chemical information of biological samples. The demonstrated technique has the potential to be developed to a rapid, label-free, and intelligent approach to distinguish brain tumor types with high accuracy.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117915, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360383

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kai Xin San (KXS), first proposed by Sun Simiao during the Tang Dynasty, has been utilized to treat dementia by tonifying qi and dispersing phlegm. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which KXS exerts its therapeutic effects on Alzheimer's disease (AD) by targeting ferroptosis, using a combination of network pharmacology, bioinformatics, and experimental validation strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active target sites and the further potential mechanisms of KXS in protecting against AD were investigated through molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and network pharmacology, and combined with the validation of animal experiments. RESULTS: Computational and experimental findings provide the first indication that KXS significantly improves learning and memory defects and inhibits neuronal ferroptosis by repairing mitochondria damage and upregulating the protein expression of ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) in vivo APP/PS1 mice AD model. According to bioinformatics analysis, the mechanism by which KXS inhibits ferroptosis may involve SIRT1. KXS notably upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of SIRT1 in both vivo APP/PS1 mice and in vitro APP-overexpressed HT22 cells. Additionally, KXS inhibited ferroptosis induced by APP-overexpression in HT22 cells through activating the SIRT1-FSP1 signal pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings suggest that KXS may inhibit neuronal ferroptosis through activating the SIRT1/FSP1 signaling pathway. This study reveals the scientific basis and underlying modern theory of replenishing qi and eliminating phlegm, which involves the inhibition of ferroptosis. Moreover, it highlights the potential application of SIRT1 or FSP1 activators in the treatment of AD and other ferroptosis-related diseases.

5.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 31, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347558

RESUMO

Minimally invasive testing is essential for early cancer detection, impacting patient survival rates significantly. Our study aimed to establish a pioneering cell-free immune-related miRNAs (cf-IRmiRNAs) signature for early cancer detection. We analyzed circulating miRNA profiles from 15,832 participants, including individuals with 13 types of cancer and control. The data was randomly divided into training, validation, and test sets (7:2:1), with an additional external test set of 684 participants. In the discovery phase, we identified 100 differentially expressed cf-IRmiRNAs between the malignant and non-malignant, retaining 39 using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method. Five machine learning algorithms were adopted to construct cf-IRmiRNAs signature, and the diagnostic classifies based on XGBoost algorithm showed the excellent performance for cancer detection in the validation set (AUC: 0.984, CI: 0.980-0.989), determined through 5-fold cross-validation and grid search. Further evaluation in the test and external test sets confirmed the reliability and efficacy of the classifier (AUC: 0.980 to 1.000). The classifier successfully detected early-stage cancers, particularly lung, prostate, and gastric cancers. It also distinguished between benign and malignant tumors. This study represents the largest and most comprehensive pan-cancer analysis on cf-IRmiRNAs, offering a promising non-invasive diagnostic biomarker for early cancer detection and potential impact on clinical practice.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Gástricas , Masculino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico
7.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24468, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304803

RESUMO

Radix Scrophulariae is a commonly used Chinese herb derived from the dried root of Scrophularia ningpoesis Hemsl. (S. ningpoensis). It is difficult to accurately estimate the dosage of Chinese medicinal materials used in the prescription because of the chemical variation caused by various factors. To analyze the non-environmental factors affecting the chemical variation of Radix Scrophulariae, we planted nine different cultivated varieties of S. ningpoensis in the same plantation. Based on sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP), simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, we found that the materials from the cultivated varieties could be divided into two groups, the Zhejiang group, and the southwest China group. The genetic distance based on molecular data between the two groups was above 0.3882, and the Euclidean distance based on chemical data between the two groups was above 5.312. The correlation analysis between the genetic distance matrix based on SRAP and the Euclidean distance matrix based on 18 HPLC peaks of the whole underground part revealed that the genetic differentiation and chemical variation were positively related, r = 0.7196 (p < 0.05). The genetic background, different part of the roots and the different development of the roots are the three non-environmental factors causing the chemical variation. The coefficient of variation (C.V) of chemical composition of Radix Scrophulariae with different genetic background reached to 93.62 %, the C.V of the chemical composition of Radix Scrophulariae derived from the same variety reached to 64.21 %, the C.V of the chemical composition of Radix Scrophulariae derived from the middle part of the roots of S. ningpoensis from the same variety reached to 45.55 %. The C.V of chemical composition of Radix Scrophulairae produced in the same plantation could be controlled to 38.43 % by using the same variety of roots with the approximate mass derived from the middle part of the roots under 20 g. Our findings provided insights to decrease the chemical variation of Chinese medicinal materials by controlling non-environmental factors.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 467: 133689, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335609

RESUMO

Biodegradable plastic bags (BPBs), meant for eco-friendly, often inadequately degrade in compost, leading to microplastic pollution. In this study, the effect of Fenton-like reaction with Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NMs) on the plastisphere microorganisms' evolution and the BPBs' aging mechanism was revealed by co-composting of food waste with BPBs for 40 days. The establishment of the Fenton-like reaction was confirmed, with the addition of Fenton-like reagent treatments resulting in an increase of 57.67% and 37.75% in H2O2 levels during the composting, compared to the control group. Moreover, the structural characterization reveals that increasing oxygen content continuously generates reactive free radicals on the surface, leading to the formation of oxidative cavities. This process results in random chain-breaking, significantly reducing molecular weights by 39.27% and 38.81%, thus showcasing a deep-seated transformation in the plastic's molecular structure. Furthermore, the microbial network suggested that the Fenton-like reaction enriched plastisphere keystone species, thus accelerating the BPBs' aging. Additionally, the Fenton-like reaction improved compost maturity and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. These results reveal the bio-chemical mechanisms of BPBs aging and random chain-breaking by the Fenton-like reaction, under alternating oxidative/anoxic conditions of composting and provide a new insight to resolve the BPBs' pollutions.

9.
Foods ; 13(3)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338579

RESUMO

Chronic metabolic disease is a serious global health issue, which is accompanied by impaired insulin resistance. Tomato pectin (TP) is a naturally soluble complex hetero-polysaccharide with various biological functions. However, the impact of TP on hepatic insulin resistance in a high-fat diet (HFD) and its potential mechanism remains largely unknown. The results revealed that TP treatment significantly decreased the liver weight, hepatic fat accumulation and hepatic injury in HFD-fed mice. TP also improved fasting blood glucose levels and glucose tolerance in HFD-fed mice. The underlying mechanisms involved in the inflammation, oxidative stress and insulin signaling in the liver were also investigated by RT-qPCR and western blot, which indicated that TP ameliorated hepatic insulin resistance by regulating the PI3K/AKT/GSK-3ß pathway, increasing the expression of GLUT4, decreasing the expression of PECK and G6P as well as restoring antioxidant activities and suppressing the inflammation statues in HFD-fed mice. Our data showed that dietary TP has profound effects on hepatic insulin resistance, inflammation and oxidative stress, demonstrating that TP might be a promising therapeutic agent against insulin resistance and related chronic metabolic disease.

10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1085, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316787

RESUMO

Limiting global warming to within 1.5 °C might require large-scale deployment of premature negative emission technologies with potentially adverse effects on the key sustainable development goals. Biochar has been proposed as an established technology for carbon sequestration with co-benefits in terms of soil quality and crop yield. However, the considerable uncertainties that exist in the potential, cost, and deployment strategies of biochar systems at national level prevent its deployment in China. Here, we conduct a spatially explicit analysis to investigate the negative emission potential, economics, and priority deployment sites of biochar derived from multiple feedstocks in China. Results show that biochar has negative emission potential of up to 0.92 billion tons of CO2 per year with an average net cost of US$90 per ton of CO2 in a sustainable manner, which could satisfy the negative emission demands in most mitigation scenarios compatible with China's target of carbon neutrality by 2060.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Carbono , Carvão Vegetal , Carbono/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Objetivos , Solo , China , Sequestro de Carbono
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170467, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290685

RESUMO

The emission of carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) of fly ash (FA) has attracted significant attention. Hydrothermal treatment (HT) has emerged as a practical approach for degrading PAHs during MSWI of FA by utilizing magnetite (Fe3O4) as a catalyst and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidizing agent. In this study, as an alternative to traditional hydroxyapatite (HAP), eggshell-derived magnetic hydroxyapatite (MHAP) was synthesized and applied in the hydrothermal catalytic degradation of PAHs in MSWI FA in an H2O2 system for the first time. The degradation efficiency of the PAHs is influenced not only by H2O2 but also by the choice of hydroxyapatite. Adding HAP or MHAP during hydrothermal treatment with H2O2 substantially reduced the overall PAH concentration and toxicity equivalent quantity (TEQ), superior to that without H2O2. MHAP demonstrated superior catalytic activity compared to HAP in the presence of H2O2 in the hydrothermal system. The hydrothermal detoxification of the PAHs increased with increasing MHAP dosage. By employing 0.5 mol/L H2O2 as the oxidant and 15 wt% MHAP as the catalyst, a total PAH degradation rate of 88.9 % was achieved, with a remarkable TEQ degradation rate of 98.3 %. Notably, the level of 4-6-ring PAHs, particularly benzo(a) pyrene (BaP) and dibenz(a,h)anthracene (DahA), with a TEQ of 1.0, was significantly reduced (by 69.4 % and 46.0 %, respectively). MHAP remained stable during the hydrothermal catalytic process, whereas H2O2 was effectively activated by MHAP and decomposed to produce strongly oxidizing hydroxyl (•OH) under hydrothermal conditions. •OH produced from the decomposition of H2O2 and metals on the surface of MHAP act as catalytically active centers, efficiently converting high-ring PAHs to low-ring PAHs. These findings provide valuable insights and a technological foundation for PAH detoxification in MSWI FA via hydrothermal catalytic oxidation.

12.
Genome Res ; 34(1): 134-144, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191205

RESUMO

Large-scale genetic mutant libraries are powerful approaches to interrogating genotype-phenotype correlations and identifying genes responsible for certain environmental stimuli, both of which are the central goal of life science study. We produced the first large-scale CRISPR-Cas9-induced library in a nonmodel multicellular organism, Bombyx mori We developed a piggyBac-delivered binary genome editing strategy, which can simultaneously meet the requirements of mixed microinjection, efficient multipurpose genetic operation, and preservation of growth-defect lines. We constructed a single-guide RNA (sgRNA) plasmid library containing 92,917 sgRNAs targeting promoters and exons of 14,645 protein-coding genes, established 1726 transgenic sgRNA lines following microinjection of 66,650 embryos, and generated 300 mutant lines with diverse phenotypic changes. Phenomic characterization of mutant lines identified a large set of genes responsible for visual phenotypic or economically valuable trait changes. Next, we performed pooled context-specific positive screens for tolerance to environmental pollutant cadmium exposure, and identified KWMTBOMO12902 as a strong candidate gene for breeding applications in sericulture industry. Collectively, our results provide a novel and versatile approach for functional B. mori genomics, as well as a powerful resource for identifying the potential of key candidate genes for improving various economic traits. This study also shows the effectiveness, practicality, and convenience of large-scale mutant libraries in other nonmodel organisms.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Animais , Bombyx/genética , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Mutagênese , Edição de Genes/métodos , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas
13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 212: 360-374, 2024 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171407

RESUMO

Evidence recently showed that pleiotropic cytokine interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a positive role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression through the regulation of liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) in HCC. The present study explored the role and potential mechanism of mitochondrial programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and its regulation of ferroptosis in modulating the cancer stemness of LCSCs. It was shown that mimicking TME IFN-γ exposure increased the LCSCs ratio and cancer stemness phenotypes in HCC cells. IFN-γ exposure inhibited sorafenib (Sora)-induced ferroptosis by enhancing glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) expression as well reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) generation in LCSCs. Furthermore, IFN-γ exposure upregulated PD-L1 expression and its mitochondrial translocation, inducing dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-dependent mitochondrial fission and correlating with glycolytic metabolism reprogramming in LCSCs. The genetic intervention of PD-L1 promoted ferroptosis-dependent anti-tumor effects of Sora, reduced glycolytic metabolism reprogramming, and inhibited cancer stemness of HCC in vitro and in vivo. Our results revealed a novel mechanism that IFN-γ exposure-induced mitochondrial translocation of PD-L1 enhanced glycolytic reprogramming to mediate the GPX4-dependent ferroptosis resistance and cancer stemness in LCSCs. This study provided new insights into the role of mitochondrial PD-L1-Drp1-GPX4 signal axis in regulating IFN-γ exposure-associated cancer stemness in LCSCs and verified that PD-L1-targeted intervention in combination with Sora might achieve promising synergistic anti-HCC effects.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Ferroptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 68: 102501, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194901

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effectiveness of promoted resilience intervention to facilitate resilience, self-efficacy, coping mode, and social support for oesophageal cancer patients in rural China. METHODS: A two-arm, parallel design, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted in a comprehensive tertiary hospital in Anhui from August 2021 to September 2022. A total of 82 oesophageal cancer patients were assigned to two groups via blocked randomization. The intervention group (n = 41) received the Promoted Psychological Resilience Intervention based on survivors' experiences and the control group (n = 41) received routine care. Study data were collected using the sociodemographic information, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Strategies Used by People to Promote Health, Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire, and Perceived Social Support Scale. RESULTS: The groups were well-balanced at baseline. Post-intervention and three months after intervention, the resilience, self-efficacy, acceptance-resignation, and social support were all significantly different in the intervention and control groups (p < 0.05 for each). The main effect of group, time, and the interaction between group and time was statistically significant in the scores of resilience, self-efficacy, acceptance-resignation, and social support, except for the factor of self-determination and friends support (p < 0.05 for each). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that an intervention program based on the experiences of long-term oesophageal cancer survivors can promote patients' resilience.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Testes Psicológicos , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Adaptação Psicológica , Promoção da Saúde , China
15.
Water Res ; 251: 121129, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237457

RESUMO

Recovering ammonia from waste streams (e.g., urine) is highly desirable to reduce natural gas-based NH3 production and nitrogen discharge into the water environment. Electrochemical membrane stripping is an attractive alternative because it can drive NH4+ transformation to NH3 via cathodic OH- production; however, the conventional configurations suffer from relatively low ammonia recovery (<80 %) and significant acid/material usage for ammonia adsorption. To this end, we develop a novel stack system that simply uses an oxygen evolution reaction to in-situ produce acid from water, enabling chemical-free ammonia recovery from synthetic urine. In batch mode, the percentage removal and recovery increased respectively from 74.5 % to 97.9 % and 81.8 % to 92.7 % when the electrode pairs increased from 2 to 4 in the stack system. To address the gas-sparging issue that deteriorated ammonia recovery in continuous operation, pulsed electric field (PEF) mode was applied, resulting in ∼100 % recovery under optimized conditions. At an ammonia removal rate of 35.1 g-N m-2 h-1 and electrical energy consumption of 28.9 kWh kg-N-1, our chemical-free system in PEF mode has achieved significantly higher ammonia recovery (>90 %) from synthetic urine. The total cost to recover 1 kg of NH3-N from real human urine was $15.9 in the proposed system. Results of this study demonstrate that this novel approach holds great promise for high ammonia recovery from waste streams, opening a new pathway toward sustainable nitrogen management.


Assuntos
Amônia , Nitrogênio , Humanos , Eletrodos , Água
16.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 194: 104262, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199428

RESUMO

Recently, several investigations have linked the microbiome to pancreatic cancer progression. It is critical to reveal the role of different microbiomes in the occurrence, development, and treatment of pancreatic cancer. The current review summarizes the various microbiota types in pancreatic cancer while updating and supplementing the mechanisms of the representative gut, pancreatic, and oral microbiota, and their metabolites during its pathogenesis and therapeutic intervention. Several novel strategies have been introduced based on the tumor-associated microbiome to optimize the early diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. The pros and cons involving different microbiomes in treating pancreatic cancer are discussed. The microbiome-related clinical trials for pancreatic cancer theranostics are outlined. This convergence of cutting-edge knowledge will provide feasible ideas for developing innovative therapies against pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia
17.
Clin Chim Acta ; 555: 117807, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this real-world approach, we examined the serum Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) level and the relationship with serum IgG subclass in the infertile women. METHODS: A total of 574 female participants were recruited for this study. The serum AMH, IgG subclass(IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4) and immunoglobulin (Ig) G、IgM、IgA、IgE as well as complement C3, C4 were analyzed. The difference in serum AMH level was assessed according categorized as above or below the median of the ratio of serum IgG subclass(IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4) to total IgG (RIgG subclass/IgG). RESULTS: The serum AMH level of the low RIgG1/IgG group is significantly decreased than that high RIgG1/IgG group (p < 0.05). The Spearman correlation analysis showed that the serum AMH level was significantly negatively correlated with age and significantly positively correlated with serum IgG1 levels respectively (p < 0.05). GLMMs multivariate model showed that after adjusting the covariate and possible mixed factors including age, serum immunoglobulin, complement C3 and C4, the serum AMH level was significantly positively correlated with IgG1 level (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Decreased serum IgG1 may significantly affect the ovarian reserve function of women. Confirmation of this association and elucidation of its underlying mechanisms are needed to place these results in a clinical perspective.

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(6): 5115-5127, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38259173

RESUMO

The hydration process of cement-based materials primarily results in the formation of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH), which is crucial in deciding how long concrete will last. This study utilizes molecular dynamics simulation technology to explore the freezing behavior of pure water solutions within various calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) matrices. The investigated matrices encompass four different Ca/Si ratios. According to the simulation, as ice crystals develop close to the surface of CSH, the CSH matrix strengthens its hydrogen and ionic interactions with water molecules, which effectively prevents water molecules from crystallizing and nucleating. Consequently, these molecules compose an unfrozen water film structure that bridges between ice crystals and the CSH matrix. The research also reveals an intriguing relationship between silica chain behavior on the Ca/Si ratio and the CSH surface. Surface flaws arise as a result of the silica chains of CSH breaking into shorter segments as the Ca/Si ratio increases. These surface defects manifest as grooves on the matrix's surface, effectively capturing and retaining specific water molecules. The CSH matrix's hydrogen bonds with water molecules are weakened as a result of this process, facilitating their participation in the crystallization process, and leading to a thinner unfrozen water film thickness with an increased Ca/Si ratio. This study contributes to a greater knowledge of the performance and dependability of cement-based products by offering molecular-level insights into the freezing actions of liquids in gel pores.

19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 16(2)2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254728

RESUMO

Understanding the distinct metabolic characteristics of cancer stem cells (CSC) may allow us to better cope with the clinical challenges associated with them. In this study, OSCC cell lines (CAL27 and HSC3) and multicellular tumor spheroid (MCTS) models were used to generate CSC-like cells. Quasi-targeted metabolomics and RNA sequencing were used to explore altered metabolites and metabolism-related genes. Pathview was used to display the metabolites and transcriptome data in a KEGG pathway. The single-cell RNA sequencing data of six patients with oral cancer were analyzed to characterize in vivo CSC metabolism. The results showed that 19 metabolites (phosphoethanolamine, carbamoylphosphate, etc.) were upregulated and 109 metabolites (2-aminooctanoic acid, 7-ketocholesterol, etc.) were downregulated in both MCTS cells. Integration pathway analysis revealed altered activity in energy production (glycolysis, citric cycle, fatty acid oxidation), macromolecular synthesis (purine/pyrimidine metabolism, glycerophospholipids metabolism) and redox control (glutathione metabolism). Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis confirmed altered glycolysis, glutathione and glycerophospholipid metabolism in in vivo CSC. We concluded that CSCs are metabolically inactive compared with differentiated cancer cells. Thus, oral CSCs may resist current metabolic-related drugs. Our result may be helpful in developing better therapeutic strategies against CSC.

20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 928, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296957

RESUMO

Non-dissociative chemisorption solid-state storage of hydrogen molecules in host materials is promising to achieve both high hydrogen capacity and uptake rate, but there is the lack of non-dissociative hydrogen storage theories that can guide the rational design of the materials. Herein, we establish generalized design principle to design such materials via the first-principles calculations, theoretical analysis and focused experimental verifications of a series of heteroatom-doped-graphene-supported Ca single-atom carbon nanomaterials as efficient non-dissociative solid-state hydrogen storage materials. An intrinsic descriptor has been proposed to correlate the inherent properties of dopants with the hydrogen storage capability of the carbon-based host materials. The generalized design principle and the intrinsic descriptor have the predictive ability to screen out the best dual-doped-graphene-supported Ca single-atom hydrogen storage materials. The dual-doped materials have much higher hydrogen storage capability than the sole-doped ones, and exceed the current best carbon-based hydrogen storage materials.

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