Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.043
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 909-917, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383086

RESUMO

Tailored broussonetia-like NiCo2O4 is grown on carbon cloth using tri-sodium citrate assisted hydrothermal method. The chelating effect of citric ions has been utilized to investigate the morphological and structural evolution of NiCo2O4 on carbon cloth, which have been illustrated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectra. The results demonstrate that the morphological alteration of NiCo2O4 from single nanowire to broussonetia-like structure has been detected after the addition of tri-sodium citrate. Citric ion plays a crucial role as an electrostatic stabilizer in determining this unique structure. When used as binder-free electrode in aqueous supercapacitors, the broussonetia-like NiCo2O4 electrode exhibits a specific capacitance of 527.9 F g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1. Additionally, an asymmetric supercapacitor is further assembled using NiCo2O4 as the positive electrode and activated carbon as negative electrode. The device exhibits a maximum energy of 26.4 Wh kg-1 at power density of 800 W kg-1. A long-term cycling stability with 82% capacitance retention is maintained after 20,000 cycles at a current density of 5 A g-1, indicating the practical applicability of the tested device.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 815-820, Sept. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012358

RESUMO

SUMMARY: One of the key functions of the hepatobiliary system is bile formation. Aquaporins (AQPs) are likely to play a role in water transport that is essential for appropriate hepatobiliary tract function. The increasing prevalence of fatty liver parallels the rise of obesity and its complications over the past several decades. In this paper, general morphology observation, histopathology and AQP1 immunohistochemical expression were observed in livers of the high-fat diet (HFD) rats. For the liver of HFD rats, immunolight microscopy revealed weak labeling of AQP1 on the surface of central veins and liver sinusoid compared with the normal diet (ND) rats. It was suggested that bile secreted by the liver of HFD rats was maybe abnormal, thereby causing abnormalities in the composition and secretion of bile. However, the deeper understanding of mechanisms involved to the fatty liver is still unclear, in particular AQPs in the liver of obesity, additional studies would be required to study the signalling cascades involved in these processes.


RESUMEN: Una de las funciones clave del sistema hepatobiliar es la formación de bilis. Es probable que las acuaporinas (AQP) desempeñen un papel en el transporte de agua que es esencial para la función apropiada del tracto hepatobiliar. En las últimas décadas, la creciente prevalencia de hígado graso es paralela al aumento de la obesidad y sus complicaciones. En este trabajo, se identificaron características morfológicas generales, histopatología y expresión inmunohistoquímica de AQP1 en hígados de ratas con dieta rica en grasas (DRG). En el hígado de ratas con DRG, la expresión inmunohistoquímica determinó un marcaje débil de AQP1 en la superficie de las venas centrales y del sinusoide hepático en comparación con las ratas de dieta normal (DN). Se sugirió que la bilis secretada por el hígado de ratas con DRG era tal vez anormal, lo que causaba anomalías en la composición y secreción de la bilis. Sin embargo, se necesita un conocimiento mayor de los mecanismos involucrados en el hígado graso, en particular de las AQP y se requieren estudios adicionales para determinar las cascadas de señalización involucradas en estos procesos.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480142

RESUMO

Objective: A set of microsatellite markers with high polymorphism from Tsaiya duck were used for the genetic monitoring and genetic structure analysis of Brown and White Tsaiya duck populations in Taiwan. Methods: The synthetic short tandem repeated probes were used to isolate new microsatellite markers from the genomic DNA of Tsaiya ducks. Eight populations, a total of 566 samples, sourced from Ilan Branch, Livestock Research Institute were genotyped through novel and known markers. The population genetic variables were calculated using optional programs in order to describe and monitor the genetic variability and the genetic structures of these Tsaiya duck populations. Results: In total 24 primer pairs, including 17 novel microsatellite loci from this study and seven previously known loci, were constructed for the detection of genetic variations in duck populations. The average values for the allele number (Na), the effective number of alleles (Ne), the observed heterozygosity (Ho), the expected heterozygosity (HE), and the polymorphism information content (PIC) were 11.29, 5.370, 0.591, 0.746, and 0.708, respectively. The results of AMOVA and principal component analysis (PCA) indicated a contracting Brown Tsaiya duck cluster and a spreading White Tsaiya duck cluster. The Brown Tsaiya ducks and the White Tsaiya ducks with Pekin ducks were just split to six clusters and three clusters when K was set equal to 6 and 3 in the Bayesian cluster analysis. The individual phylogenetic tree revealed eight taxa, and each individual was assigned to its own population. Conclusion: According to our study, the 24 novel microsatellite markers exhibited a high capacity to analyze relationships of inter- and intra-population in those populations with a relatively limited degree of genetic diversity. We suggest that duck farms in Taiwan could use the new (novel) microsatellite set to monitor the genetic characteristics and structures of their Tsaiya duck populations at various intervals in order to ensure quality breeding and conservation strategies.

4.
Nutrients ; 11(9)2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480423

RESUMO

Although the major risk factors for liver cancer have been established, preventive factors for liver cancer have not been fully explored. We evaluated the association between raw garlic consumption and liver cancer in a large population-based case-control study in Eastern China. The study was conducted in Jiangsu, China, from 2003 to 2010. A total of 2011 incident liver cancer cases and 7933 randomly selected population-controls were interviewed. Epidemiological data including raw garlic intake and other exposures were collected, and serum markers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were assayed. Overall, eating raw garlic twice or more per week was inversely associated with liver cancer, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 0.77 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62-0.96) compared to those ingesting no raw garlic or less than twice per week. In stratified analyses, high intake of raw garlic was inversely associated with liver cancer among Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative individuals, frequent alcohol drinkers, those having history of eating mold-contaminated food or drinking raw water, and those without family history of liver cancer. Marginal interactions on an additive scale were observed between low raw garlic intake and HBsAg positivity (attributable proportion due to interaction (AP) = 0.31, 95% CI: -0.01-0.62) and heavy alcohol drinking (AP = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.00-0.57). Raw garlic consumption is inversely associated with liver cancer. Such an association shed some light on the potential etiologic role of garlic intake on liver cancer, which in turn might provide a possible dietary intervention to reduce liver cancer in Chinese population.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487938

RESUMO

To evaluate the iron ion release profile of zero-valent iron (ZVI)-based nanoparticles (NPs) and their relationship with lysosomes in cancer cells, silica and mesoporous silica-coated ZVI NPs (denoted as ZVI@SiO2 and ZVI@mSiO2) were synthesized and characterized for the following study of cytotoxicity, intracellular iron ion release, and their underlying mechanisms. ZVI@mSiO2 NPs showed higher cytotoxicity than ZVI@SiO2 NPs in the OEC-M1 oral cancer cell line. In addition, internalized ZVI@mSiO2 NPs deformed into hollow and void structures within the cells after a 24-h treatment, but ZVI@SiO2 NPs remained intact after internalization. The intracellular iron ion release profile was also accordant with the structural deformation of ZVI@mSiO2 NPs. Burst iron ion release occurred in ZVI@mSiO2-treated cells within an hour with increased lysosome membrane permeability, which induced massive reactive oxygen species generation followed by necrotic and apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, inhibition of endosome-lysosome system acidification successfully compromised burst iron ion release, thereby reversing the cell fate. An in vivo test also showed a promising anticancer effect of ZVI@mSiO2 NPs without significant weight loss. In conclusion, we demonstrated the anticancer property of ZVI@mSiO2 NPs as well as the iron ion release profile in time course within cells, which is highly associated with the surface coating of ZVI NPs and lysosomal acidification.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 697: 133851, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479908

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are ubiquitous in the global environment, even in remote regions. With increasing production and application of PFAAs in China, their distribution patterns have been widely reported, however with less attention to inland northwestern regions. Long-range transport and direct releases from local activities have been regarded as the main reasons for PFAAs distribution in such a remote area. To identify and quantify the contributions of different sources to PFAAs occurrences, an investigation was conducted in the Tianchi lake, nature reserve. A total of 20 water samples, 8 soil, 4 sediment and 10 fresh snow samples were collected and analyzed in 2015. The mean PFAAs concentrations were 3.38 ng L-1 in surface water, 1.06 ng g-1 dw in soil, 0.53 ng g-1 dw in sediment, and 3.31 ng L-1 in fresh snow, respectively. High levels of PFAAs were observed in surface water (15.41 ng L-1) from Western Tianchi pond and surface snow (14.24 ng L-1) from the site near a ski resort around Tianchi Lake indicating potential pollution by local human activities. The correlation between individual concentrations among water, soil and snow indicated the snow deposition as an important source. Although with limited sample size, principal component analysis associated with multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) and positive matrix factorization (PMF) analyses have identified two major sources, which are characterized as tourism activities with dominance of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and long-range transport with abundant perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA). Their contributions to total levels were 41% and 52%, respectively. These two sources contributed differently to the PFAAs presences in Tianchi and Western Tianchi Lakes. Source analysis indicates that the western Tianchi lake with a relatively small catchment was affected mainly by local activities.

7.
Acta Haematol ; : 1-7, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of pre-autologous stem cell transplantation (pre-ASCT) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans according to different criteria remains elusive in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: A total of 46 DLBCL patients treated with pre-ASCT were enrolled in the present study, and two methods, Deauville score and maximal standardized uptake value reduction (ΔSUVmax), were used to evaluate the PET/CT scans before transplantation. RESULTS: In patients with Deauville 1-3 and ≥4, the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 82.8 and 11.8% (p < 0.001), respectively, while the 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 89.7 and 41.2%, respectively (p < 0.001). When using the ΔSUVmax cut-off of 66% criterion, in patients with a ΔSUVmax of >66 and ≤66%, the 2-year PFS rates were 78.1 and 7.1%, respectively (p < 0.001), while the 2-year OS rates were 87.5 and 35.7%, respectively (p < 0.001). In the univariate analysis, the ΔSUVmax, Deauville score, NCCN-IPI and serum lactate dehydrogenase levels were significantly correlated with the 2-year PFS/OS. Furthermore, the multivariate analysis revealed that the Deauville score was an independent prognostic factor for 2-year PFS. CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that PET/CT scans at pre-ASCT can predict the survival of DLBCL patients, and the Deauville score is better than ΔSUVmax in prognostic prediction.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to clarify the role of Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL1-RN) Variable Number of Tandem Repeats (VNTR) polymorphism on the risk of OA by means of meta-analysis. METHODS: Eligible articles were retrieved from PubMed, Web of science and Google scholar with a total of 1187 OA cases and 2659 controls. The strength of the association between the IL1-RN VNTR polymorphism and the risk of OA was assessed by odds ratios (ORs) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for each study. RESULTS: The meta-analysis of seven published studies retrieved from the literature search showed a significantly increased OA risk in the recessive model analysis (22 vs 2L + LL: Pb = 0.18, I2 = 32.8, OR(95% CI) = 1.50(1.12, 2.02), P = 0.007), the additive model analysis (22 vs LL: Pb = 0.08, I2 = 46.8, OR(95% CI) = 1.56(1.15, 2.12), P = 0.004) and in the allele contrast model (2 vs L: Pb = 0.02, I2 = 58.8, OR(95% CI) = 1.20(1.05, 1.36), P = 0.007). By subgroup analysis, the IL1-RN VNTR polymorphism was found to be significantly associated with OA susceptibility in Caucasian and Hospital based case-control study (HCC) groups. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that IL1-RN VNTR polymorphism may increase the susceptibility to OA. More studies with detailed information are needed to validate our conclusion. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, diagnostic study.

9.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; : 1-12, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402754

RESUMO

In order to overcome the side effects of pancreatic transplantation and insulin injection treatment for type I diabetes, we established a drug delivery system employing nanoparticle embedded microcapsules (NEMs). The system co-encapsulated chitosan nanoparticles with γ-aminobutyric acid and ß-TC-6 cells for combined drug and cell therapy in diabetes mellitus (DM). The NEMs, which were formed via high-voltage electrostatic method, had an excellent sphericity with a smooth surface. The average size NEM was 245.52 ± 22.00 µm, which indicated a good size for cell encapsulation. Haemolysis rate of NEMs at concentrations of 100, 200 or 300 mg/mL were all below 5%. Relative viability rates of L929 cells with the same concentrations at 24, 48 or 72 h were all above 80%. We implanted bioactive NEMs into type 1 DM mice to evaluate the effect of the combined therapy. The level of blood glucose in the group receiving the combined therapy decreased during the first 2 weeks of treatment. During the next week, the level of blood glucose stayed in a safe range. Body weight continuously increased during the postoperative period after combined therapy group. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) performed after 24 d showed that the level of blood glucose combined therapy reached the maximum peak of 13.04 mmol/L, lower than 16.56 mmol/L for the cell therapy group. This primary study indicated that microencapsulation technology and combined therapy are promising for the treatment of type I diabetes mellitus.

10.
Int J Gynecol Pathol ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433378

RESUMO

Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST) is an extremely rare ovarian neoplasm that primarily affects young female individuals. Patients with SST always present with pelvic pain and menstrual irregularities. Herein, we report a case of SST of the ovary in an 11-yr-old girl with symptoms of abdominal pain and menstrual irregularities. A preoperative diagnosis of tumors in the left adnexa and right ovary was made by pelvic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, and then the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and laparoscopic cystectomy. The ovarian masses were removed and proven to be SST in the left ovary and Müllerian cyst in the right fallopian tube on histopathologic examination and immunochemistry. To our knowledge, the 11-yr-old patient presented here was the only case with SST and Müllerian cyst simultaneously.

11.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of anti-osteoporosis therapies on mortality after hip fracture. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and enrolled 690 patients 50 years of age and older who were admitted with hip fractures between 2010 and 2015. The patients were followed in 2017: 690 patients aged was from 50 to 103 years. There were 456 women and 234 men. There were 335 patients with fractures of the femoral neck and 355 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of the femur. There were 444 (64.35%) patients who also had internal diseases. The Charlson comorbidity index was 0-6. The anti-osteoporosis medications were classified into no anti-osteoporosis medication, calcium + vitamin D supplementations, non-bisphosphonate medication, and bisphosphonate medication. The physicians followed the patients or family members by personal visit and telephone. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were done with known risk factors for mortality of hip fracture, such as gender, age, number of combined internal diseases, fracture type, place of residence, and Charlson comorbidity index, to show which anti-osteoporosis medications had significant effects on mortality after adjustment for these variables. RESULTS: Out of 690 patients with hip fractures, 149 patients received no anti-osteoporosis medication, 63 patients received calcium +vitamin D supplementations, 398 patients received non-bisphosphonate medication, and 80 patients received bisphosphonate medication. The patients were followed between 7 months and 52 months, with the average of 28.53 ± 9.75 months. A total of 166 patients died during the follow-up period. Of 166 deaths, 43 occurred within 3 months, 65 within 6 months, and 99 within 1 year after the hip fracture. In this study, fracture type, place of residence, and Charlson comorbidity index were not associated with the mortality, and the male gender, age > 75 years, and ≥ 2 combined internal diseases were the independent factors for deaths post-hip fracture. The cumulative mortality was 36.24% in the patients receiving no anti-osteoporosis medication. The hazard ratio for mortality after hip fracture with bisphosphonate medication, non-bisphosphonate medication, and calcium/vitamin D supplementation was 0.355 (95% CI, 0.194-0.648), 0.492 (95% CI, 0.347-0.699) and 0.616 (95% CI, 0.341-1.114), respectively, as compared with no anti-osteoporosis group. Bisphosphonate and non-bisphosphonate medications for osteoporosis were significantly associated with the reduction of cumulative mortality post-hip fracture (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Bisphosphonate and non-bisphosphonate medications for osteoporosis were significantly associated with decreased mortality after fragility hip fracture.

12.
Obes Rev ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410961

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with the production of inflammatory cytokines that are implicated in insulin resistance (IR), and if not addressed, can lead to type 2 diabetes (T2D). The role of the immune system in skeletal muscle (SM) inflammation and insulin sensitivity is not yet well characterized. As SM IR is an important determinant of glycaemia, it is critical that the muscle-immune phenotype is mapped to help design interventions to target T2D. This systematic review synthesized the evidence for SM macrophage content and phenotype in humans and murine models of obesity, and the association of muscle macrophage content and phenotype with IR. Results were synthesized narratively, as we were unable to conduct a meta-analysis. We included 28 studies (n=10 human, n=18 murine), and all studies detected macrophage markers in SM. Macrophage content was positively associated with IR. In humans and mice, there was variability in muscle macrophage content and phenotype in obesity. Overall certainty in the evidence was low due to heterogeneity in detection methods and incompleteness of data reporting. Macrophages are detected in human and murine SM in obesity and a positive association between macrophage content and IR is noted; however, the standardization of markers, detection methods, and reporting of study details is warranted to accurately characterize macrophages and improve the potential for creating specific and targeted immune-based therapies in obesity.

13.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419076

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation in BV2 microglia. BV2 microglial cells were treated with various concentrations of DEX (0, 1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) for 1 hour, and then incubated in the presence or absence of 0.1 µg/mL LPS for 24 hours. Cell viability was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 assays. The expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of TLR4 and NF-кB were detected by western blotting. Moreover, BV2 microglial cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific for TLR4 (si-TLR4 group) or negative control siRNA (si-NC group) for 24 hours, followed by exposing to 0.1 µg/mL LPS for 24 hours. TLR4, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α expressions were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). There were no significant differences in cell viability with the different treatments. Compared with the control group, LPS markedly increased the release of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, TLR4, and NF-κB, but these increases were significantly attenuated by pretreatment with 10 or 100 ng/mL DEX in a dose-dependent relationship, but not with 1 ng/mL DEX. Gene expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were obviously upregulated in si-NC group and si-TLR4 group when cells were exposed to 0.1 µg/mL LPS for 24 hours. Meanwhile, si-TLR4 group had significantly lower IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α expressions than si-NC group. The anti-inflammatory effects of DEX on LPS-induced BV2 microglia may be mediated through pathway involving TLR4 and NF-κB.

14.
Theriogenology ; 140: 44-51, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437668

RESUMO

Lysosome, an important organelle in eukaryotes, can sequester macromolecules submitted by the endocytosis and autophagy pathways for degradation and recycling. Massive macromolecular turnover is also vital to the growth and development of mammalian oocytes. However, the functional role of lysosomes in the meiotic maturation of mammalian oocytes remains largely unexplored. Here, by treating in vitro matured porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) with chloroquine (CQ), a lysosome inhibitor, we showed that regardless of CQ concentration, lysosomal inhibition affected neither the extrusion of the first polar body (PB1), nor the ROS levels. However, CQ treatment dramatically decreased the rates of oocytes with normal chromosome alignment and cytoskeleton organization (P < 0.05), but boosted the rates of oocytes with apoptosis (P < 0.05). Subsequently, after pathenogenetic activation or in vitro fertilization, the death or fragmentation rates of oocytes treated by CQ (both 35 µM and 45 µM) were significantly higher (P < 0.05), whereas the rates of embryo cleavage, embryos developed to blastocysts, and average blastomere number per blastocyst, were all significantly lower (P < 0.05), respectively. Furthermore, CQ (35 µM) treatment activated the autophagy pathway by elevating the LC3 II/I ratio. Taken together, lysosomes could affect porcine oocyte maturation and subsequent developmental capacity partially through the chromosome organization/cytoskeleton assembly and autophagy/apoptosis pathways.

15.
Mol Cell Probes ; : 101438, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422073

RESUMO

In this study, a new SYBR Green qPCR (qRT-PCR) and a nested RT-PCR (nRT-PCR) were developed to detect Potato mop-top virus (PMTV) in potato tuber tissues. The SYBR Green qRT-PCR and nRT-PCR assays were approximately 104- and 103- fold more sensitive than the conventional RT-PCR assay. The progeny tubers derived from PMTV-infected potato tubers were tested by conventional RT-PCR, SYBR Green qRT-PCR and nRT-PCR assays. Of the 17 samples, 9 (52.9%) were positive for PMTV by conventional RT-PCR, 11 (64.7%) were positive by nRT-PCR, and 17 (100%) were positive by SYBR Green qRT-PCR. Compared to nRT-PCR, SYBR Green qRT-PCR was showed to be more sensitive. The progeny plants exhibited foliar symptoms including chlorosis and reduction in leaf size when the PMTV-positive tubers were planted in a growth chamber at 20-22 °C. These findings suggest that PMTV has been passed on to the progeny plants and tubers.

16.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(32): e206, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Meniscus surgeries are frequently performed in orthopaedics. However, their current status is not well known in many countries, including Korea. This study aimed to investigate the national trends of meniscus surgery in Korea. METHODS: Information from the national database was acquired through the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service from 2010 to 2017. All cases coded as meniscectomy or meniscus repair were included. The total number and incidence of cases of meniscus surgery per 100,000 persons were determined, and the results were stratified by age and gender. The meniscus repair ratio for the total number of meniscus surgeries was evaluated. RESULTS: The total number and incidence of meniscectomy cases were 65,752 and 137, respectively, in 2010, which increased to 74,088 and 154, respectively, in 2017. The number of meniscectomies increased by 12.67% in 8 years. The total number and incidence of meniscus repair cases were 9,055 and 18, respectively, in 2010, which increased to 14,947 and 31 in 2017. The number of meniscus repairs increased by 65.04%. The meniscus repair ratio was 12.1% in 2010, which increased to 16.8% in 2017. The highest peak was noted for patients who underwent meniscus surgeries in their 50s and 60s. Meniscectomy was performed more frequently in women (57%) than in men (43%), whereas repair was performed more frequently in men (54%) than in women (46%) over the study period. CONCLUSION: The total number and incidence of meniscus surgeries increased from 2010 to 2017; the number and incidence of meniscus repair procedures increased more rapidly than those of meniscectomy, with the peak treatment age for both surgeries being in the 50s and 60s. The current study will contribute to understanding the epidemiology of meniscus surgery, its prevention, and cost-saving measures in Korea.

17.
Hum Factors ; : 18720819870658, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop user acceptance models for two concepts of full driving automation: personally owned and shared use. BACKGROUND: Many manufacturers have been investing considerably in and actively developing full driving automation. However, factors influencing user acceptance of full driving automation are not yet fully understood. METHOD: This study consisted of two parts: focus group discussions and online surveys. A total of 30 potential users participated in focus groups to discuss their perception of full driving automation acceptance. Based on the findings from focus group discussions, theoretical foundations, and empirical evidence, we hypothesized the acceptance models for both personally owned and shared-use concepts. We tested the models with 310 and 250 participants, respectively, online. RESULTS: The results of focus groups indicated that users' concerns are centered around safety, usefulness, compatibility, trust, and ease of use. The survey results revealed the important roles of perceived usefulness and perceived safety in both models, whereas the direct impact of perceived ease of use was found to be insignificant. The indirect impact of perceived ease of use was less significant in the personally owned than in the shared-use model, whereas usefulness, trust, and compatibility played more important roles in the personally owned when compared with the shared-use model. CONCLUSION: The findings uncovered a chain of constructs that affect behavioral intention to use for both full driving automation concepts. APPLICATION: The framework and outcome of this study provide valuable guidelines that allow better understanding for government agencies, manufacturers, and automation designers regarding users' acceptance of full driving automation.

18.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391347

RESUMO

To examine the effect of tanshinone IIA on Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation and autophagy in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the related mechanism. VSMCs were treated with Ang II with or without tanshinone IIA (1 µg/ml, 5 µg/ml and 10 µg/ml), and the proliferation, apoptosis in cells with different treatment were examined by MTT and flow cytometry methods. Moreover, the expression of autophagy related proteins and MAPK signaling molecules were examined by RT-qPCR and WB methods. Ang II induced significantly increase in the proliferation and autophagy of VSMCs, and the MAPK signaling was activated. Tanshinone IIA can attenuate Ang II-induced effects via down-regulating the MAPK signaling pathway. Tanshinone IIA can inhibit Ang II-induced proliferation and autophagy of VSMCs via regulating the MAPK signaling pathway.

19.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393268

RESUMO

Supratentorial extraventricular ependymomas (STEEs) are relatively rare ependymomas, and their pathologic and genetic characteristics are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the histologic, immunohistochemical, and RELA fusion features, as well as to clarify in more detail the clinical courses of STEEs. Data from a total of 43 patients with STEEs was analyzed retrospectively. The status of RELA fusion was evaluated using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The expression levels of L1CAM, p65, cyclin D1, and p53 were assessed using immunohistochemistry. Progression-free survival and overall survival were calculated via Kaplan-Meier estimation using the log-rank test. Among all 43 STEEs, 65.1% (28/43) are positive for RELA fusion. Interestingly, almost half of the patients with RELA fusion-positive ependymomas are adults (13/28), and 89.3% (25/28) cases are anaplastic ependymomas, which suggests that RELA fusion testing is necessary in adults with STEEs. We investigated the immunohistochemical status of p65, L1CAM and CCND1 protein expression for their ability to predict RELA fusion status. RELA fusion-positive STEEs are frequently associated with expression of p65 (85.2%), L1CAM (85.2%), and CCND1 (81.5%). The accuracy of predicting RELA fusion status was much higher when the expression of p65 and L1CAM was combined, that is, when both were immunopositive. The status of RELA fusion, p53 overexpression, and extent of tumor resection are significantly associated with prognosis.

20.
Toxicol Sci ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388680

RESUMO

Pregnane X receptor (PXR), which can be activated by xenobiotic chemicals (including pediatric drugs), plays a key role in the regulation of drug-processing genes (DPGs). The induction of DPGs due to PXR activation may reduce therapeutic efficacy or cause toxicity. This work aims to demonstrate the impact of pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile (PCN)-mediated PXR activation during early life on DPGs expression and drug sensitivity in adulthood, as well as the underlying mechanism. In this study, mice were sacrificed at postnatal day 60 to detect the hepatic expression of selected DPGs and histone modifications in the Cyp3a11 promoter. We found that all doses of PCN treatment (50-200 mg/kg/day) at postnatal days 5-8 resulted in persistently increased CYP2B10 expression, whereas only high doses of PCN treatment (150 and 200 mg/kg/day) persistently induced the expression of CYP3A11, 1A2, and UGTA1A1. We also demonstrated that PCN treatment before postnatal day 15 had a long-term impact on the expression of CYP3A11, 2B10, ABCC4, and PAPSS2. Additionally, elevated expression of CYP3A11, SULT2A1, UGT1A1, and PAPSS2 was observed in PCN-treated groups at days 25-28. Attenuated inducibility of CYP3A11 by PCN was seen in the primary hepatocytes derived from PCN-pretreated mice. Moreover, enhanced H3K4me3 level and reduced H3K27me3 level in the PXR response elements (PXREs) of the Cyp3a11 promoter may contribute to the persistent up-regulation of CYP3A11 by neonatal PCN treatment. Overall, our study suggests that PXR activation during early life could persistently alter the hepatic expression of DPGs and epigenetic memory may be an underlying mechanism in mice.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA