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1.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2100785, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212532

RESUMO

Ultrasound treatment is an effective method for accelerating chronic wound healing. However, it is not widely used because traditional ultrasonic probes cannot be conformal to the wound surface, which leads to limitations of use and unstable treatment effects. In addition, the use of liquid coupling agent increases the chance of wound infection. A strategy is proposed to design and fabricate a flexible ultrasonic patch for treating chronic wounds effectively. The piezoelectric ceramic in the patch is discretized into several linearly arranged units, which are integrated on a flexible circuit substrate. A thin hydrogel patch is used as both encapsulation and coupling layer to avoid wound infection and ensure the penetration of ultrasound. The ultrasonic patch is soft, light, and can completely conform to the treatment area. Bending of the patch focuses the sound beams on the center of the bending circle, which achieves control of the target treatment area. Ultrasound treatment experiments are carried out on some type-II diabetic rats. Immunohistochemical (IHC) results indicate that ultrasound accelerates wound healing by activating Rac1 in both dermal and epidermal layers. Treatment results show that wound treated with the ultrasound heals faster than wounds without. The healing time is shortened by ≈40%.

2.
Rice (N Y) ; 14(1): 62, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224034

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal modification present in the mRNAs of all higher eukaryotes. However, the role of the m6A methylomes in rice is still poorly understood. With the development of the MeRIP-seq technique, the in-depth identification of mRNAs with m6A modification has become feasible. A study suggested that m6A modification is crucial for posttranscriptional regulation related to Cd2+-induced malignant transformation, but the association between m6A modification in plants and Cd tolerance has not been reported. We investigated the m6A methylomes in the roots of a cadmium (Cd)-treated group and compared them with the roots in the control (CK) group by m6A sequencing of cv. 9311 and cv. Nipponbare (NIP) plants. The results indicated that Cd leads to an altered modification profile in 3,406 differential m6A peaks in cv. 9311 and 2,065 differential m6A peaks in cv. NIP. KEGG pathway analysis of the genes with differentially modified m6A peaks indicated that the "phenylalanine", "tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis", "glycine", "adherens junctions", "glycerophospholipid metabolism" and "threonine metabolism" signalling pathways may be associated with the abnormal root development of cv. 9311 rice due to exposure to Cd. The "arginine", "proline metabolism", "glycerolipid", and "protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum" metabolism pathways were significantly enriched in genes with differentially modified m6A peaks in cv. NIP. Unlike that in Arabidopsis, the m6A-modified nucleotide position on mRNAs (m6A peak) distribution in rice exhibited a preference towards both the stop codon and 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs). These findings provide a resource for plant RNA epitranscriptomic studies and further increase our knowledge on the function of m6A modification in RNA in plants.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302424

RESUMO

Large band gap and strong nonlinear optical (NLO) effect are two valuable but contradictory parameters, which are difficult to balance in one infrared (IR) NLO material. Herein, the first alkali and alkaline-earth metal diamond-like (DL) IR NLO material Li 4 MgGe 2 S 7 , presenting a honeycomb-like 3D framework constructed by 6-membered LiS 4 rings and GeMgS 6 zigzag chains, was rationally designed and synthesized. The introduction of rigid alkali metal and alkaline-earth metal LiS 4 and MgS 4 tetrahedra effectively broadens the band gap of DL compound to 4.12 eV (the largest one in the reported quaternary metal chalcogenides), generating a high laser damage threshold of 7 × AgGaS 2 at 1064 nm. Furthermore, Li 4 MgGe 2 S 7 displays a suitable SHG response (0.7 × AgGaS 2 ) with a type I phase-matching behavior. The results indicate that Li 4 MgGe 2 S 7 is a promising IR NLO material for the high-power laser application and it provides an insight into the design of new DL compound with outstanding IR NLO performances.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(28): 7874-7883, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251203

RESUMO

The cuticular wax of fruit is closely related to quality, storability, and pathogen susceptibility after harvest. However, little is known about the cuticular wax of goji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) cultivars. In the present study, the chemical composition, crystal structures, and expression levels of associated genes of the cuticular wax of six goji cultivars were investigated. We detected 70 epicuticular wax compounds in six goji cultivars. Among them, fatty acids, alkanes, and primary alcohols were the major components of the cuticular wax of goji berries, which were related to the formation of irregular lamellar crystal structures. The terpenoid compounds in the cuticular wax of goji berries were highly resistant to Alternaria rot. Moreover, the CER1, CER6, LACS1, MAH1, LTP4, ABC11, MYB96, and WIN1 genes in goji berries might be closely related to wax synthesis. These results provide valuable information for breeding and screening goji cultivars suitable for postharvest storage.


Assuntos
Lycium , Frutas/genética , Expressão Gênica , Melhoramento Vegetal , Ceras
5.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(6): 744-747, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical practice of Chinese respiratory therapists (RTs) participating in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients and summarize the experience and role of RTs in the treatment of pandemic infectious diseases. METHODS: A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the RTs who treated COVID-19 patients in 31 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in China. The survey questionnaire included the basic work of RTs, the specific work of the treatment for COVID-19 patients and problems encountered at work. RESULTS: A total of 126 questionnaires were issued and 40 valid questionnaires were collected from RTs who treated COVID-19 patients at 22 COVID-19 designated hospitals in 8 provinces and municipalities. This included 7 hospitals in Wuhan, the epicenter of the epidemic. In their medical team, RTs accounted for 2.9% (1.5%, 6.7%) of medical staff, the working experience of the RTs was about (6.2±5.4) years, the ratio of RTs to beds was about 1:11 (1:5, 1:26), and 85.0% (34/40) of RTs were transferred from other hospitals. 97.5% (39/40) of RTs were involved in formulating individual respiratory care strategies in their medical teams, and they were all involved in the evaluation of respiratory care and decision-making as well as the early identification of deterioration of respiratory function. All RTs [100% (40/40)] indicated that they would actively monitor patients' respiratory status, increase the means and frequency of the monitoring, implement standardized oxygen therapy, prevent ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI), and standardize the management of artificial airway. However, less than 50% of RTs had carried out stress and strain, transpulmonary pressure, partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PetCO2), end-expiratory lung volume, electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and other respiratory function monitoring. 85% of RTs conducted training and education related to respiratory care and formulated relevant standard operating procedures for their medical teams. More than 90% of RTs led the implementation of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC), pulmonary protective mechanical ventilation, prone ventilation, pulmonary rehabilitation, airway management, transfer of critical patients, and other respiratory treatment. CONCLUSIONS: RTs performed their professional role fully in the assessment, decision-making, and clinical practice in the treatment of COVID-19 patients. However, the manpower shortage of RTs is extremely prominent, the practical experience has provided the basis for the future treatment of infectious respiratory diseases and effectively promoted the development of respiratory care in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , China , Humanos , Pandemias , Respiração Artificial , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310894

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of S-ketamine (S-KET) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage and oxidative stress, as well as to elucidate the related underlying mechanisms. Blood was collected to measure biochemical parameters (ALT, AST, ALP, TB and γ-GT) and the liver was harvested for histopathological analysis of enzymes related to the antioxidant response (MDA, SOD, GSH, and GSH-PX). Liver cell apoptosis was evaluated using the TUNEL assay. In addition, the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway were detected by western blot analysis to explore potential mechanisms. S-KET protected the liver from CCl4-induced damage. The changes to the liver biochemical parameters (increased ALT, AST, ALP, TB, and γ-GT) and oxidative stress-related indicators (increased MDA; depleted SOD, GSH, and GSH-PX) induced by CCl4 were inhibited by S-KET. S-KET also inhibited CCl4-induced cell apoptosis, the changes in expression of related proteins, and blocked CCl4-induced liver injury and oxidative stress via activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. S-KET effectively protected the liver by inhibition of CCl4-induced damage via up-regulation the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2355-2362, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313052

RESUMO

Stand density is a critical factor impacting the diversity of understory plants. We analyzed the diversity of understory plants and soil seed banks, as well as their relationship by setting up three planting densities in a Pinus massoniana plantation, including low density (1575 trees·hm-2, D1), medium (2474 trees·hm-2, D2), and high (3550 trees·hm-2, D3). It aimed to provide a scientific basis for the implementation of the multi-objective sustainable development of plantations. The results showed that there were 70 species of herbs and shrubs belonging to 42 families and 62 genera. D1 was dominated by heliophiles, whereas both the D2 and D3 were dominated by shade-tolerant species. The Margalef (M), Shannon (H), Simpson (D), Pielou (Jsw), and Altalo (Al) indices of the herbs and shrubs exhibited a downward trend with increasing stand den-sity. In the herb layer, D1 and D3 showed significant difference in H, D, Jsw and Al. There were significant differences of Jsw and Al in the shrub layer among the three stand densities, but no diffe-rence of H and D. H, D, Jsw and Al in the soil seed bank first decreased and then increased with increasing stand density, with species richness and diversity being the highest in D1. The similarity coefficient of Jaccard and Sorensen among different stand densities was low. In the herb layer, M was positively correlated with Jsw. The correlations between stand density and H, D, Jsw and Al were greater in the shrub layer than in the herb layer. There was significant negative correlation between stand density and Jsw both in the shrub and herb layers. The stand density of 1575 trees·hm-2 was comparatively beneficial for the development of understory, plant diversity, and sustainability of P. massoniana plantation.

8.
Environ Res ; 201: 111596, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224713

RESUMO

Hydroxyl modified UiO-66 ((OH)2-UiO-66-X%, X represents the mass content ratio of introduced 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid) was prepared via a solvothermal reaction between zirconium tetrachloride, benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H2BDC), as well as 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid (H2BDC-(OH)2). It was found that hydroxyl groups can act as the intramolecular hole scavenger to boost the photo-induced charge carrier separation to enhance Cr(VI) reduction. The photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction activities of (OH)2-UiO-66-X% were investigated upon the irradiation of low-power ultraviolet LED light. The findings demonstrated that (OH)2-UiO-66-20% with good cyclicity and stability exhibited superior photocatalytic performances to both UiO-66 and (OH)2-UiO-66. The introduction of hydroxyl groups can also extend the light absorption region to longer wavelength in visible range, which provides possibility for displaying photocatalytic activities under sunlight. The effect of small molecule organic acid (SOAs), pH value, and co-existing inorganic ions on photocatalytic performances of (OH)2-UiO-66-20% were investigated. Tartaric acid (TA) as typical SOAs was introduced to the reaction system to further boost the photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction via acting as hole scavenger, constructing charge-transfer-complex for quick electron transportation, and producing COO·- radicals. This work opened a new opportunity for modified MOFs for boosted elimination activities for environmental pollutants.

9.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 116, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301278

RESUMO

RAS mutations (HRAS, NRAS, and KRAS) are among the most common oncogenes, and around 19% of patients with cancer harbor RAS mutations. Cells harboring RAS mutations tend to undergo malignant transformation and exhibit malignant phenotypes. The mutational status of RAS correlates with the clinicopathological features of patients, such as mucinous type and poor differentiation, as well as response to anti-EGFR therapies in certain types of human cancers. Although RAS protein had been considered as a potential target for tumors with RAS mutations, it was once referred to as a undruggable target due to the consecutive failure in the discovery of RAS protein inhibitors. However, recent studies on the structure, signaling, and function of RAS have shed light on the development of RAS-targeting drugs, especially with the approval of Lumakras (sotorasib, AMG510) in treatment of KRASG12C-mutant NSCLC patients. Therefore, here we fully review RAS mutations in human cancer and especially focus on emerging strategies that have been recently developed for RAS-targeting therapy.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 221: 112469, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198190

RESUMO

Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is the key enzyme in glutathione (GSH) synthesis, and plays a crucial role in copper (Cu) detoxification. Nonetheless, its regulatory mechanisms remain largely unclear. In this study, we identified a Cu-induced glutathione S-transferase 1 (TaGST1) gene in wheat. Yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) screened out TaWRKY74, which was one member from the WRKY transcription factor family. The bindings between TaGST1 promoter and TaWRKY74 were further verified by using another Y1H and luciferase assays. Expression of TaWRKY74 was induced more than 30-folds by Cu stress. Functions of TaWRKY74 were tested by using transiently silence methods. In transiently TaWRKY74-silenced wheat plants, TaWRKY74 and TaGST1 expression, GST activity, and GSH content was significantly inhibited by 25.68%, 19.88%, 27.66%, and 12.68% in shoots, and 53.81%, 52.11%, 23.47%, and 17.11% in roots, respectively. However, contents of hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde, or Cu were significantly increased by 2.58%, 12.45%, or 37.74% in shoots, and 25.24%, 53.84%, and 103.99% in roots, respectively. Notably, exogenous application of GSH reversed the adverse effects of transiently TaWRKY74-silenced wheat plants during Cu stress. Taken together, our results suggesting that TaWRKY74 regulated TaGST1 expression and affected GSH accumulation under Cu stress, and could be useful to ameliorate Cu toxicity for crop food safety.


Assuntos
Cobre/toxicidade , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Triticum/genética , Triticum/metabolismo , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido , Leveduras/genética
11.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 205, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238296

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the value of adjuvant radiotherapy for treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma and to investigate subgroups of patients suitable for adjuvant radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 785 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who had undergone D1/D2 radical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy were collected, the site of first progression was determined, and the relationship between the rate of local recurrence and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up period, progression was observed in 405 patients. Local recurrence was observed as the first progression in 161 cases. The local recurrence rate was significantly lower than the non-local progression rate (20.5% vs 31.5%, p=0.007). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant relationship among degree of differentiation, T stage, N stage, and rate of local recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Not all patients with gastric carcinoma required adjuvant radiotherapy. However, patients with poorly differentiated cancer cells, advanced T stage (T3/T4), and positive lymph nodes, which included patients in the T4N1-2M0 subgroup, were recommended for adjuvant radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/radioterapia
12.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1942673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249476

RESUMO

The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is extremely poor, of which hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC) accounts for the majority in China. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have become an effective immunotherapy method for the treatment of HCC, but they are mainly used for T cells. NK cells play a vital role as the first line of defense against tumors. Therefore, we explored the characteristic expression pattern of immune checkpoints on NK cells of HBV-HCC patients. We analyzed the correlation between the co-expression of TIGIT and TIM-3 and the clinical progress of patients with HBV-HCC. The co-expression of TIGIT and TIM-3 on NK cells is elevated in patients with HBV-HCC. TIGIT+TIM-3+NK cells showed exhausted phenotypic characteristics and displayed dysfunction manifested as weakened killing function, reduced cytokine production, and proliferation function. TIGIT+TIM-3+NK cells participate in NK cells function exhaustion and are closely related to the disease progression of patients with HBV-HCC, suggesting a new target for future immunotherapy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254770

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite materials have been widely studied as the light absorber for efficient photovoltaics. However, perovskite layers with defective nature are typically prepared with an uncontrollable crystallization process, intrinsically limiting further advance in device performance, and thus require delicate manipulation of crystallization processes and defect density. Here, we demonstrate an ammonium-assisted crystallization of perovskite absorbers during a two-step deposition to fabricate efficient solar cells. Addition of ammonium iodide (NH4I) is devised to manipulate the nucleation and crystal growth of perovskite, wherein the formation and transition of intermediate x[NH4+]•[PbI3]x- enables high-quality perovskite layers with an enlarged grain and reduced defect density. As a result, the perovskite solar cells (PSCs) achieve an average efficiency of 21.36% with a champion efficiency of 22.15% and improved environmental stability over 30 days in ambient conditions with varied relative humidity. These results with addition of NH4I provide an available and ingenious way to construct high-quality perovskite layers for efficient solar cells and will advance the commercial application of perovskite-based photovoltaics.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240604

RESUMO

O3-type sodium-layered oxides (such as antimony-based O3 structures) have been suggested as one of the most fascinating cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Honeycomb-ordered antimony-based O3 structures, however, unsatisfactorily exhibit complex phase transitions and sluggish Na+ kinetics during cycling. Herein, we prepared a completely cationic-disordered O3-type Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2 compound by composition regulation for SIBs. Surprisingly, the measured redox potentials for typical O3-P3 phase transition are located at 3.4 V. Operando X-ray diffraction confirms a reversible phase transition process from the O3 to P3 structure accompanied with a very small volume change (1.0%) upon sodium extraction and insertion. The low activation barrier energy of 400 meV and the fast Na+ migration of 10-11 cm2·s-1 are further obtained by first-principles calculations and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique, respectively. As a result, the O3-Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2 cathode displays a reversible capacity of 106 mA h g-1 at 0.1C (12 mA g-1), smooth charge-discharge curves, and a high average working voltage of 3.5 V during battery cycling. The results highlight the importance of searching for a new O3-type structure with cation-disordering and high working voltage for realizing high energy SIBs.

15.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 149(5): 3437, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241101

RESUMO

Compressive beamforming has been successfully applied to direction-of-arrival estimation with sensor arrays. The results demonstrated that this technique achieves superior performance when compared with traditional high-resolution beamforming methods. The existing compressive beamforming methods use classical iterative optimization algorithms in their compressive sensing theories. However, the computational complexity of the existing compressive beamforming methods tend to be excessively high, which has limited the use of compressive beamforming in applications with limited computing resources. To address this issue, this paper proposes a fast compressive beamforming method which combines the shift-invariance of the array beam patterns with a fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm. The evaluation shows that the proposed fast compressive beamforming method successfully reduces the number of floating-point operations by 3 orders of magnitude when compared with the existing methods. In addition, both the simulations and experiments demonstrate that the resolution limit for discerning closely spaced sources of the introduced fast method is comparable to those of the existing compressive beamforming methods, which use classical iterative optimization algorithms.

16.
J Chem Phys ; 154(20): 204301, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241176

RESUMO

We studied (NaSCN)2(H2O)n - clusters in the gas phase using size-selected anion photoelectron spectroscopy. The photoelectron spectra and vertical detachment energies of (NaSCN)2(H2O)n - (n = 0-5) were obtained in the experiment. The structures of (NaSCN)2(H2O)n -/0 up to n = 7 were investigated with density functional theory calculations. Two series of peaks are observed in the spectra, indicating that two types of structures coexist, the high electron binding energy peaks correspond to the chain style structures, and the low electron binding energy peaks correspond to the Na-N-Na-N rhombic structures or their derivatives. For the (NaSCN)2(H2O)n - clusters at n = 3-5, the Na-N-Na-N rhombic structures are the dominant structures, the rhombic four-membered rings start to open at n = 4, and the solvent separated ion pair (SSIP) type of structures start to appear at n = 6. For the neutral (NaSCN)2(H2O)n clusters, the Na-N-Na-N rhombic isomers become the dominant starting at n = 3, and the SSIP type of structures start to appear at n = 5 and become dominant at n = 6. The structural evolution of (NaSCN)2(H2O)n -/0 (n = 0-7) confirms the possible existence of ionic clusters such as Na(SCN)2 - and Na2(SCN)+ in NaSCN aqueous solutions.

17.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 149(6): 4134, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241476

RESUMO

A data assimilation (DA) strategy was developed for accurate prediction of the flow-acoustic resonant fields within a channel-branch system. The challenges of numerical simulation of such internal aeroacoustic systems are primarily associated with determination of the transfer loss between the acoustic waves and the shear layer vortices. Thus, a data-assimilated momentum loss model that comprises a viscous loss item and an inertial loss item was established and embedded into the Navier-Stokes equations. During the DA, the acoustic pressure pulsations measured from a dynamic pressure array served as the observational data, the ensemble Kalman filter served as the optimization algorithm, and a three-dimensional transient computational fluid dynamics method comprising an explicit algebraic Reynolds stress model (EARSM) served as the predictive model system. EARSM was used because its ability to predict internal flow-acoustic resonances was superior to that of other eddy viscosity models and Reynolds stress models. The data-assimilated flow-acoustic resonant fields were then comprehensively validated in terms of their acoustic fields, time-averaged flow fields, and phase-dependent flow fields. The time-averaged flow fields were obtained from planar particle-image velocimetry (PIV) measurements, and the phase-dependent flow fields were obtained from field programmable gate array-based phase-locking PIV measurements. The results demonstrate that the use of DA afforded an optimal simulation that efficiently decreased the numerical errors in the frequencies and amplitudes of the acoustic pressure pulsations, thereby achieving better agreement between time-averaged flow distributions and fluctuations. In addition, the data-assimilated numerical simulation completely reproduced the spatiotemporal evolution of the shear layer vortices, that is, their formation, developing, transport, and collapsing regions.

19.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198939

RESUMO

Serving as an effective biomarker in liquid biopsy, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can provide an accessible source for cancer biology study. For the in-depth evaluation of CTCs in cancer analysis, their efficient enrichment is essential, owing to their low abundance in peripheral blood. In this paper, self-assembled immunomagnetic beads were developed to isolate CTCs from the ordered bundles of cells under the assistance of the spiral inertial effect. Parametric numerical simulations were performed to explore the velocity distribution in the cross section. Based on this chip, rare CTCs could be recovered under the throughput of 500 µL/min, making this device a valuable supplement in cancer analysis, diagnostics, and therapeutics.


Assuntos
Contagem de Células , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Separação Celular , Humanos , Separação Imunomagnética , Neoplasias Pulmonares
20.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 137: 106033, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216755

RESUMO

In clinical treatment, there is increasingly prevalent that traditional Chinese medicine treats common bone diseases including osteoporosis. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), one of the essential compounds of Safflower, has been used as the therapy for thrombus, myocardial ischemia, and inflammation, but its effect on osteogenesis through epigenetic control and ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo has not been explored. Therefore, the study aimed to explore the function and mechanism of HSYA on bone formation and development. We found HSYA could enhance the cell viability and promote osteogenesis of hBMSCs in vitro. Mechanistically, HSYA could increase the expression of ß-catenin leading to its accumulation in the nucleus and activation of downstream targets to promote osteogenesis. Besides, RNA-seq and quantitative RT-PCR and western blot showed KDM7A was significantly increased by HSYA. The occupancy of H3K27me2 on ß-catenin promoter was significantly decreased by HSYA, which could be reversed by silencing endogenous KDM7A. More importantly, HSYA promoted bone development in chick embryos and prevented ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone loss in SD rats. Taken together, our study has shown convincing evidence that HSYA could promote osteogenesis and bone development via epigenetically regulating ß-catenin and prevent ovariectomy-induced bone loss.

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