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1.
Talanta ; 274: 126030, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574540

RESUMO

Aberrant long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression is linked to varied pathological processes and malignant tumors, and lncRNA can serve as potential disease biomarkers. Herein, we demonstrate the autonomous enzymatic synthesis of functional nucleic acids for sensitive measurement of lncRNA in human lung tissues on the basis of multiple primer generation-mediated rolling circle amplification (mPG-RCA). This assay involves two padlock probes that act as both a detection probe for recognizing target lncRNA and a domain for producing complementary DNAzyme. Two padlock probes can hybridize with target lncRNA at different sites, followed by ligation to form a circular template with the aid of RNA ligase. The circular template can initiate mPG-RCA to generate abundant Mg2+-dependent DNAzymes that can specifically cleave signal probes to induce the recovery of Cy3 fluorescence. The inherent characteristics of ligase-based ligation reaction and DNAzymes endow this assay with excellent specificity, and the introduction of multiple padlock probes endows this assay with high sensitivity. This strategy can rapidly and sensitively measure lncRNA with a wide linear range of 1 fM - 1 nM and a detection limit of 678 aM within 1.5 h, and it shows distinct advantages of simplicity and immobilization-free without the need of precise temperature control and tedious procedures of nanomaterial preparation. Moreover, it enables accurate measurement of lncRNA level in normal cells and malignant tumor cells as well as differentiation of lncRNA expressions in tissues of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and normal individuals, with promising applications in biomedical studies and disease diagnosis.

2.
J Clin Neurosci ; 123: 137-147, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the risk factors for recurrent ischemic stroke in patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) who underwent successful stent placement and to establish a nomogram prediction model. METHODS: We utilized data from a prospective collection of 430 consecutive patients at Jining NO.1 People's Hospital from November 2021 to November 2022, conducting further analysis on the subset of 400 patients who met the inclusion criteria. They were further divided into training (n=321) and validation (n=79) groups. In the training group, we used univariate and multivariate COX regression to find independent risk factors for recurrent stroke and then created a nomogram. The assessment of the nomogram's discrimination and calibration was performed through the examination of various measures including the Consistency index (C-index), the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUC), and the calibration plots. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical utility of the nomogram by quantifying the net benefit to the patient under different threshold probabilities. RESULTS: The nomogram for predicting recurrent ischemic stroke in symptomatic ICAS patients after stent placement utilizes six variables: coronary heart disease (CHD), smoking, multiple ICAS, systolic blood pressure (SBP), in-stent restenosis (ISR), and fasting plasma glucose. The C-index (0.884 for the training cohort and 0.87 for the validation cohort) and the time-dependent AUC (>0.7) indicated satisfactory discriminative ability of the nomogram. Furthermore, DCA indicated a clinical net benefit from the nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: The predictive model constructed includes six predictive factors: CHD, smoking, multiple ICAS, SBP, ISR and fasting blood glucose. The model demonstrates good predictive ability and can be utilized to predict ischemic stroke recurrence in patients with symptomatic ICAS after successful stent placement.

3.
Arch Esp Urol ; 77(2): 217-223, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics combined with serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in predicting the extracapsular extension (ECE) of prostate cancer. METHODS: In total, 213 patients with prostate cancer admitted to our hospital from May 2021 to April 2023 were retrospectively enrolled as observation subjects. Based on the presence or absence of extracapsular extension, the patients were divided into occurrence (n = 70) and non-occurrence (n = 143) groups. The clinical data, PSA levels, Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS®), and MRI-ECE scores of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: In total, 80 patients were included in the occurrence (n = 40) and non-occurrence groups (n = 40), and no statistical significance was observed in the baseline data of the two groups. Preoperative PSA levels were significantly higher in the occurrence group than in the non-occurrence group, and the PI-RADS and MRI-ECE scores of each group differed significantly (p < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) for the combined determination of PSA levels and PI-RADS and MRI-ECE scores was 0.900, which was significantly higher than the AUC for the individual determination of the mentioned indicators (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of MRI radiomics and PSA can accurately predict the extracapsular extension of prostate cancer; Thus, it is a favorable reference for subsequent precise diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extensão Extranodal
4.
Environ Int ; 186: 108632, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583296

RESUMO

Plastic fragments are widely found in the soil profile of terrestrial ecosystems, forming plastic footprint and posing increasing threat to soil functionality and carbon (C) footprint. It is unclear how plastic footprint affects C cycling, and in particularly permanent C sequestration. Integrated field observations (including 13C labelling) were made using polyethylene and polylactic acid plastic fragments (low-, medium- and high-concentrations as intensifying footprint) landfilling in soil, to track C flow along soil-plant-atmosphere continuum (SPAC). The result indicated that increased plastic fragments substantially reduced photosynthetic C assimilation (p < 0.05), regardless of fragment degradability. Besides reducing C sink strength, relative intensity of C emission increased significantly, displaying elevated C source. Moreover, root C fixation declined significantly from 21.95 to 19.2 mg m-2, and simultaneously root length density, root weight density, specific root length and root diameter and surface area were clearly reduced. Similar trends were observed in the two types of plastic fragments (p > 0.05). Particularly, soil aggregate stability was significantly lowered as affected by plastic fragments, which accelerated the decomposition rate of newly sequestered C (p < 0.05). More importantly, net C rhizodeposition declined averagely from 39.77 to 29.41 mg m-2, which directly led to significant decline of permanent C sequestration in soil. Therefore, increasing plastic footprint considerably worsened C footprint regardless of polythene and biodegradable fragments. The findings unveiled the serious effects of plastic residues on permanent C sequestration across SPAC, implying that current C assessment methods clearly overlook plastic footprint and their global impact effects.

5.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583797

RESUMO

Intimal hyperplasia is a complicated pathophysiological phenomenon attributable to in-stent restenosis, and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Interleukin enhancer-binding factor 3 (ILF3), a double-stranded RNA-binding protein involved in regulating mRNA stability, has been recently demonstrated to assume a crucial role in cardiovascular disease; nevertheless, its impact on intimal hyperplasia remains unknown. In current study, we used samples of human restenotic arteries and rodent models of intimal hyperplasia, we found that vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) ILF3 expression was markedly elevated in human restenotic arteries and murine ligated carotid arteries. SMC-specific ILF3 knockout mice significantly suppressed injury induced neointimal formation. In vitro, platelet-derived growth factor type BB (PDGF-BB) treatment elevated the level of VSMC ILF3 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. ILF3 silencing markedly inhibited PDGF-BB-induced phenotype switching, proliferation, and migration in VSMCs. Transcriptome sequencing and RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing depicted that ILF3 maintained its stability upon binding to the mRNA of the high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), thereby exerting an inhibitory effect on the transcription of dual specificity phosphatase 16 (DUSP16) through enhanced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Therefore, the results both in vitro and in vivo indicated that the loss of ILF3 in VSMC ameliorated neointimal hyperplasia by regulating the STAT3/DUSP16 axis through the degradation of HMGB1 mRNA. Our findings revealed that vascular injury activates VSMC ILF3, which in turn promotes intima formation. Consequently, targeting specific VSMC ILF3 may present a potential therapeutic strategy for ameliorating cardiovascular restenosis.

6.
Surg Endosc ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587640

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze efficacy of endoscopic lithotripsy combined with drug lithotripsy as compared with drug lithotripsy for the treatment of phytobezoars. METHODS: We collected and evaluated case records of 165 patients with phytobezoars from 2014 to 2023. And we analyzed demographic and clinical characteristics, imaging features, endoscopic features, complications of phytobezoars, and compared efficacy between endoscopic lithotripsy combined with drug lithotripsy (Group A) and drug lithotripsy (sodium bicarbonate combined with proton pump inhibitor) (Group B). RESULTS: The median age of patients with phytobezoars was 67.84 ± 4.286 years old. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom and peptic ulcers (67.5%) were the most common complication. Bezoar-induced ulcers were more frequent in the gastric angle. The success rate of phytobezoars vanishing in Group A and Group B were similar (92.3% vs. 85.1% within 48 h, 98.7% vs. 97.7% within a week), while the average hospitalization period, average hospitalization cost, second endoscopy rate, and average endoscopic operation time were significantly lower in patients in Group B than in Group A. CONCLUSION: Drug lithotripsy is the preferred effective and safe treatment option for phytobezoars. We advise that an endoscopy should be completed after 48 h for drug lithotripsy.

7.
Food Chem ; 449: 139215, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581791

RESUMO

Misuse of amide herbicides in the fisheries environment can pose unpredictable harm to aquatic products and ultimately human health. Thus, the development of a real-time, rapid on-site detection method is crucial. This study proposes for the first time, a paper-based visual detection method for amide herbicides in fish serum, by coating the molecularly imprinted polymer layer onto quantum dots, prepared fluorescent sensing materials (QDs@MIPs) for the detection of amide herbicides in aquatic products. These materials specifically cause fluorescence quenching in the presence of amide herbicides resulting in a color change. For practical application, this research designed a rapid test strip based on QDs@MIPs, meanwhile, incorporate a smartphone or a fluorescence spectrophotometer for qualitative and quantitative measurements, the limit of detection ranges of 0.061-0.500 µM. The method can be used for on-site evaluation of aquatic products, providing new technology for monitoring the safety of aquatic products.

8.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301443, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574171

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Early postoperative seizures has been the most common clinical expression in gliomas; however, the incidence and risk factors for early postoperative seizures in gliomas are more controversial. This protocol describes a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the prevalence and risk factors of early postoperative seizures in patients with glioma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Searches will be conducted on CNKI, WanFang, VIP, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases and Web of Science for the period from database inception to December 31st, 2023. Case-control and cohort studies of the incidence and risk factors for early postoperative seizures in all gliomas will be included. The primary outcome will be incidence, risk factors. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for quality evaluation. Review of article screening, extracting data and risk of bias assessment will be repeated by two independent reviewers. RESULT: This study will provide evidence for the risk factors and incidence of early postoperative seizures in patients with glioma. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide evidence for the prevention of early postoperative seizures in glioma patients. TRAIL REGISTRATION: This protocol was registered in PROSPERO and registration number is CRD42023415658.


Assuntos
Glioma , Convulsões , Humanos , Prevalência , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Metanálise como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Convulsões/etiologia , Glioma/complicações , Glioma/cirurgia , Projetos de Pesquisa
9.
Antib Ther ; 7(2): 123-130, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566968

RESUMO

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a member of the IL-2 cytokine family and has been widely recognized as a master regulator of type 2 inflammatory responses at barrier surfaces. Recent studies found dysregulation of the TSLP-TSLP receptor (TSLPR) pathway is associated with the pathogenesis of not only allergic diseases but also a wide variety of cancers including both solid tumors and hematological tumors. Thus, the blockade of TSLP represents an attractive therapeutic strategy for allergic diseases and cancer. In this study, we report the development of a novel humanized anti-TSLP monoclonal antibody (mAb) HZ-1127. Binding affinity, specificity, and ability of HZ-1127 in inhibiting TSLP were tested. HZ-1127 selectively binds to the TSLP cytokine with high affinity and specificity. Furthermore, HZ-1127 dramatically inhibits TSLP-dependent STAT5 activation and is more potent than Tezepelumab, which is an FDA-approved humanized mAb against TSLP for severe asthma treatment in inhibiting TSLP-induced CCL17 and CCL22 chemokines secretion in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our pre-clinical study demonstrates that HZ-1127 may serve as a potential therapeutic agent for allergic diseases and cancer.

10.
Biofabrication ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569492

RESUMO

Tissue engineering has emerged as an advanced strategy to regenerate various tissues using different raw materials, and thus it is desired to develop more approaches to fabricate tissue engineering scaffolds to fit specific yet very useful raw materials such as biodegradable aliphatic polyester like poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Herein, a technique of "wet 3D printing" was developed based on a pneumatic extrusion 3D printer after we introduced a solidification bath into a 3D printing system to fabricate porous scaffolds. The room-temperature deposition modeling of polymeric solutions enabled by our wet 3D printing method is particularly meaningful for aliphatic polyester, which otherwise degrades at high temperature in classic fuse deposition modeling. As demonstration, we fabricated a bilayered porous scaffold consisted of PLGA and its mixture with hydroxyapatite (HAp) for regeneration of articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Long-term in vitro and in vivo degradation tests of the scaffolds were carried out up to 36 weeks, which support the three-stage degradation process of the polyester porous scaffold and suggest faster degradation in vivo than in vitro. Animal experiments in a rabbit model of articular cartilage injury were conducted. The efficacy of the scaffolds in cartilage regeneration was verified through histological analysis, micro-CT and biomechanical tests, and the influence of scaffold structures (bilayer versus single layer) on in vivo tissue regeneration was examined. This study has illustrated that the wet 3D printing is an alternative approach to biofabricate tissue engineering porous scaffolds based on biodegradable polymers.

11.
Opt Express ; 32(6): 10715-10731, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571276

RESUMO

Speckle structured light has become a research hotspot due to its ability to acquire target three-dimensional information with single image projection in recent years. To address the challenges of a low number of extracted speckle feature points, high mismatch rate and poor real-time performance in traditional algorithms, as well as the obstacle of requiring expensive annotation data in deep learning-based methods, a lightweight and efficient self-supervised convolutional neural network (CNN) is proposed to achieve high-precision and rapid matching of speckle images. First, to efficiently utilize the speckle projection information, a feature extraction backbone based on the depthwise separable cross convolution blocks is proposed. Second, in the feature detection module, a softargmax detection head is designed to refine the coordinates of speckle feature points to sub-pixel accuracy. In the feature description module, a coarse-to-fine module is presented to further refine matching accuracy. Third, we adopt strategies of transfer learning and self-supervised learning to improve the generalization and feature representation capabilities of the model. Data augmentation and real-time training techniques are used to improve the robustness of the model. The experimental results show that the proposed method achieves a mean matching accuracy of 91.62% for speckle feature points on the pilot's helmet, with mere 0.95% mismatch rate. The full model runs at 42ms for a speckle image pair on an RTX 3060.

12.
Biomater Sci ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573023

RESUMO

Titanium (Ti) and its alloys have been widely employed in the treatment of orthopedics and other hard tissue diseases. However, Ti-based implants are bioinert and suffer from bacterial infections and poor osseointegration in clinical applications. Herein, we successfully modified Ti with a porous N-halaminated spermidine-containing polymeric coating (Ti-SPD-Cl) through alkali-heat treatment, surface grafting and chlorination, and it has both excellent antibacterial and osteogenic abilities to significantly enhance osseointegration. The as-obtained Ti-SPD-Cl contains abundant N-Cl groups and demonstrates effective antibacterial ability against S. aureus and E. coli. Meanwhile, due to the presence of the spermidine component and construction of a porous hydrophilic surface, Ti-SPD-Cl is also beneficial for maintaining cell membrane homeostasis and promoting cell adhesion, exhibiting good biocompatibility and osteogenic ability. The rat osteomyelitis model demonstrates that Ti-SPD-Cl can effectively suppress bacterial infection and enhance bone-implant integration. Thus, Ti-SPD-Cl shows promising clinical applicability in the prevention of orthopedic implant infections and poor osseointegration.

13.
ISME J ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564256

RESUMO

Microbial arsenic (As) methylation in paddy soil produces mainly dimethylarsenate (DMA), which can cause physiological straighthead disease in rice. The disease is often highly patchy in the field, but the reasons remain unknown. We investigated within-field spatial variations in straighthead disease severity, As species in rice husks and in soil porewater, microbial composition and abundance of arsM gene encoding arsenite S-adenosylmethionine methyltransferase in two paddy fields. The spatial pattern of disease severity matched those of soil redox potential, arsM gene abundance, porewater DMA concentration, and husk DMA concentration in both fields. Structural equation modelling identified soil redox potential as the key factor affecting arsM gene abundance, consequently impacting porewater DMA and husk DMA concentrations. Core amplicon variants that correlated positively with husk DMA concentration belonged mainly to the phyla of Chloroflexi, Bacillota, Acidobacteriota, Actinobacteriota, and Myxococcota. Meta-omics analyses of soil samples from the disease and non-disease patches identified 5129 arsM gene sequences, with 71% being transcribed. The arsM-carrying hosts were diverse and dominated by anaerobic bacteria. Between 96-115 arsM sequences were significantly more expressed in the soil samples from the disease than from the non-disease patch, which were distributed across 18 phyla, especially Acidobacteriota, Bacteroidota, Verrucomicrobiota, Chloroflexota, Pseudomonadota, and Actinomycetota. This study demonstrates that even a small variation in soil redox potential within the anoxic range can cause a large variation in the abundance of As-methylating microorganisms, thus resulting in within-field variation in rice straighthead disease. Raising soil redox potential could be an effective way to prevent straighthead disease.

14.
J Vis Exp ; (205)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557978

RESUMO

Peyronie's Disease (PD) is clinically characterized by the development of localized fibrous plaques, primarily on the tunica albuginea, especially on the dorsal area of the penis. These plaques are the hallmark feature of this condition, resulting in penile curvature, deformity, and painful erections for affected individuals. Although various nonsurgical treatment options exist, their overall effectiveness is limited. As a result, surgical intervention has become the ultimate choice for patients with severe penile curvature deformities and associated erectile dysfunction. Our research team has successfully employed a combined approach involving microscopic electric rotary grinding of the fibrous plaques and the use of tunica vaginalis or bovine pericardium as graft materials for the repairing of the defects of tunica albuginea in the treatment of PD. This approach has consistently yielded highly satisfactory results regarding the restoration of penile shape, with excellent cosmetic results and significantly improved sexual satisfaction. This protocol aims to present a comprehensive surgical management strategy utilizing electric rotary grinding of the plaques and repairing the defects of tunica albuginea by using the tunica vaginalis, which represents an optimal surgical strategy for treating PD.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Induração Peniana , Placa Aterosclerótica , Masculino , Humanos , Animais , Bovinos , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Pênis , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/cirurgia , Fibrose , Placa Amiloide
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403585, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565432

RESUMO

In spite of the competitive performance at room temperature, the development of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) is still hindered by sluggish electrochemical reaction kinetics and unstable electrode/electrolyte interphase under subzero environments. Herein, a low-concentration electrolyte, consisting of 0.5 M NaPF6 dissolving in diethylene glycol dimethyl ether solvent, is proposed for SIBs working at low temperature. Such an electrolyte generates a thin, amorphous, and homogeneous cathode/electrolyte interphase at low temperature. The interphase is monolithic and rich in organic components, reducing the limitation of Na+ migration through inorganic crystals, thereby facilitating the interfacial Na+ dynamics at low temperature. Furthermore, it effectively blocks the unfavorable side reactions between active materials and electrolytes, improving the structural stability. Consequently, Na0.7Li0.03Mg0.03Ni0.27Mn0.6Ti0.07O2//Na and hard carbon//Na cells deliver a high capacity retention of 90.8% after 900 cycles at 1 C, a capacity over 310 mA h·g-1 under -30 ºC, respectively, showing long-term cycling stability and great rate capability at low temperature.

16.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 249: 10117, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590360

RESUMO

The risk factors and causes of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and the degree of functional recovery after ICH are distinct between young and elderly patients. The increasing incidence of ICH in young adults has become a concern; however, research on the molecules and pathways involved ICH in subjects of different ages is lacking. In this study, tandem mass tag (TMT)-based proteomics was utilized to examine the protein expression profiles of perihematomal tissue from young and aged mice 24 h after collagenase-induced ICH. Among the 5,129 quantified proteins, ICH induced 108 and 143 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in young and aged mice, respectively; specifically, there were 54 common DEPs, 54 unique DEPs in young mice and 89 unique DEPs in aged mice. In contrast, aging altered the expression of 58 proteins in the brain, resulting in 39 upregulated DEPs and 19 downregulated DEPs. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that ICH activated different proteins in complement pathways, coagulation cascades, the acute phase response, and the iron homeostasis signaling pathway in mice of both age groups. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis and ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) demonstrated that the unique DEPs in the young and aged mice were related to lipid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism, respectively. Deeper paired-comparison analysis demonstrated that apolipoprotein M exhibited the most significant change in expression as a result of both aging and ICH. These results help illustrate age-related protein expression changes in the acute phase of ICH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Proteômica , Idoso , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Proteômica/métodos , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Proteínas/metabolismo
17.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28653, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590905

RESUMO

Background & aims: With a drastic increase in the number of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with coexisting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), there is an urgent need to evaluate antiviral treatment effects in this special population. Methods: CHB patients with hepatic steatosis (CHB + HS) were prospectively recruited with followed-up of 3 years. HS and liver fibrosis were assessed by transient elastography. HS was defined as controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) ≥248 dB/m, and fibrosis progression was defined with ≥1-stage fibrosis increment. Multivariate and propensity score matching (PSM) analysis were used to evaluate antiviral therapy effects on fibrosis progression. Results: In total 212 recruited CHB + HS patients (median age 36 years, median ALT 59 U/L), 49.1% (104/212) received antiviral therapy and 50.9% (108/212) did not. Among patients with antiviral therapy, rates of serum HBV DNA undetectable, HBeAg and HBsAg loss, and ALT normalization at year 3 were 88.5%, 31.0%, 8.7% and 70.2%, respectively. Patients with mild-moderate HS didn't differ patients with severe HS regarding biochemical and virological responses. Antiviral therapy was independently associated with a lower risk of fibrosis progression among the entire cohort (odds ratio 0.473, 95% CI 0.245-0.911, P = 0.025). This finding was further verified by PSM analysis. When stratified by the severity of HS, the antiviral therapy benefits in reducing fibrosis progression were mainly seen in patients with mild-moderate HS. Conclusions: Among CHB + HS patients, long-term antiviral treatment effectively inhibits HBV replication and reduces fibrosis progression. Our findings have implications for the optimal management of this population.

19.
Psychother Res ; : 1-11, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590020

RESUMO

Background and objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for somatoform disorders (SFDs) is understudied in China. Western findings may not be applicable to Chinese culture. This preliminary study evaluated the efficacy of CBT for patients in China, relative to treatment-as-usual (TAU). Methods: Seventy patients with SFDs randomly received either combined CBT and TAU (CBT + TAU), or TAU alone between January 2018 to May 2019. The CBT + TAU group received 12 weekly individual 50-minute CBT sessions. Participants were blindly assessed at 4 timepoints (baseline, week 6, end of treatment: week 12; 12 weeks post-treatment: week 24) using the following outcome measures: SQSS (Self-screening Questionnaire for Somatic Symptoms); PHQ-15 (Patient-Health-Questionnaire-15) and the WI (Whiteley Index); GAD-7 (General Anxiety Disorder-7); HAMD-17 (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17); Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS); Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS); and the Short Form of Quality-of-Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-SF). The primary endpoint was the difference between the SQSS total score at week 24 and the baseline. A mixed model for repeated measures was used to analyze inter- and intra-group changes from the baseline. Results: At week 24, The least-squares mean (LSM) change of the total score on the SQSS was -18.87 points and -9.69 points, respectively in the CBT + TAU group and in the TAU group (LSM difference, -9.18 points; 95% confidence interval, -15.72 to -2.64; P = 0.0068). At week 24, the LSM changes from baseline in the WI, HAMD, PHQ15, FBIS and SDS total scores were significantly different between the two groups, however, there was no significant difference in the Q-LES-Q-SF. The SQSS of group effect sizes were 0.63 at 24 weeks. The dropout rates of the CBT + TAU and TAU groups were comparable (22.9% and 19.3%). Conclusions: These preliminary findings suggest that CBT may be helpful for improving the symptoms of patients with SFDs in China.

20.
J Neurosurg ; 140(4): 1080-1090, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The influence of persistent postoperative hyperglycemia after craniotomy has not yet been explored. This study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that persistent postoperative hyperglycemia is associated with mortality in patients undergoing an elective craniotomy. METHODS: This study included adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) undergoing an elective craniotomy between January 2011 and March 2021 at the West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Peak daily blood glucose values measured within the first 7 days after craniotomy were collected. Persistent hyperglycemia was defined by two or more consecutive serum glucose levels of mild, moderate, or severe hyperglycemia. Normoglycemia, mild hyperglycemia, moderate hyperglycemia, and severe hyperglycemia were defined as glucose values of ≤ 6.1 mmol/L, > 6.1 and ≤ 7.8 mmol/L, > 7.8 and ≤ 10.0 mmol/L, and > 10.0 mmol/L, respectively. RESULTS: This study included 14,907 patients undergoing an elective craniotomy. In the multivariable analysis, both moderate (adjusted OR 3.76, 95% CI 2.68-5.27) and severe (adjusted OR 3.82, 95% CI 2.54-5.76) persistent hyperglycemia in patients were associated with higher 30-day mortality compared with normoglycemia. However, this association was not observed in patients with mild hyperglycemia (adjusted OR 1.32, 95% CI 0.93-1.88). Interestingly, this association was observed regardless of whether patients had preoperative hyperglycemia. There was no interaction between moderate or severe hyperglycemia and preexisting diabetes (p for interaction = 0.65). When postoperative peak blood glucose values within the first 7 days after craniotomy were evaluated as a continuous variable, for each 1-mmol/L increase in blood glucose, the adjusted OR of 30-day mortality was 1.17 (95% CI 1.14-1.21). Postoperative blood glucose (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.78) was superior to preoperative blood glucose (AUC = 0.65; p < 0.001) for predicting mortality. Moderate and severe persistent hyperglycemia in patients were associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis (adjusted OR 3.20, 95% CI 2.31-4.42), pneumonia (adjusted OR 2.77, 95% CI 2.40-3.21), myocardial infarction (adjusted OR 4.38, 95% CI 3.41-5.61), and prolonged hospital stays (adjusted OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.29-1.59). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing an elective craniotomy, moderate and severe persistent postoperative hyperglycemia were associated with an increased risk of mortality compared with normoglycemia, regardless of preoperative hyperglycemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Glicemia , Hiperglicemia/etiologia , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
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