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1.
Gut Microbes ; 16(1): 2356278, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825779

RESUMO

The gut microbiota has been shown to be associated with a range of illnesses and disorders, including hypertension, which is recognized as the primary factor contributing to the development of serious cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of the progression of the research domain pertaining to gut microbiota and hypertension. Our primary emphasis was on the interplay between gut microbiota and blood pressure that are mediated by host and gut microbiota-derived metabolites. Additionally, we elaborate the reciprocal communication between gut microbiota and antihypertensive drugs, and its influence on the blood pressure of the host. The field of computer science has seen rapid progress with its great potential in the application in biomedical sciences, we prompt an exploration of the use of microbiome databases and artificial intelligence in the realm of high blood pressure prediction and prevention. We propose the use of gut microbiota as potential biomarkers in the context of hypertension prevention and therapy.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos , Pressão Sanguínea , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipertensão , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/microbiologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
2.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(6): 398, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844470

RESUMO

In chronic kidney disease (CKD), renal fibrosis is an unavoidable result of various manifestations. However, its pathogenesis is not yet fully understood. Here, we revealed the novel role of Homeobox D10 (HOXD10) in CKD-related fibrosis. HOXD10 expression was downregulated in CKD-related in vitro and in vivo fibrosis models. UUO model mice were administered adeno-associated virus (AAV) containing HOXD10, and HOXD10 overexpression plasmids were introduced into human proximal tubular epithelial cells induced by TGF-ß1. The levels of iron, reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid ROS, the oxidized glutathione/total glutathione (GSSG/GSH) ratio, malonaldehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined using respective assay kits. Treatment with AAV-HOXD10 significantly attenuated fibrosis and renal dysfunction in UUO model mice by inhibiting NOX4 transcription, ferroptosis pathway activation, and oxidative stress. High levels of NOX4 transcription, ferroptosis pathway activation and profibrotic gene expression induced by TGF-ß1/erastin (a ferroptosis agonist) were abrogated by HOXD10 overexpression in HK-2 cells. Moreover, bisulfite sequencing PCR result determined that HOXD10 showed a hypermethylated level in TGF-ß1-treated HK-2 cells. The binding of HOXD10 to the NOX4 promoter was confirmed by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Targeting HOXD10 may represent an innovative therapeutic strategy for fibrosis treatment in CKD.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Fibrose , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , NADPH Oxidase 4 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Ferroptose/genética , Animais , NADPH Oxidase 4/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 4/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Rim/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Linhagem Celular
3.
J Refract Surg ; 40(5): e344-e352, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717086

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of three common refractive surgeries on corneal biomechanics. METHODS: Two hundred seven patients who had refractive surgery were included in this study, of whom 65 received transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK), 73 received femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FSLASIK), and 69 received small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). Each patient had biomechanical measurements using the Corvis ST (Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH) preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. The measurements included five parameters expected to be associated with corneal biomechanics: deformation amplitude ratio at 2 mm (DAR2), integrated inverse radius (IIR), stiffness parameter at first applanation (SP-A1), highest concavity time (HCT), and the updated stress-strain index (SSIv2). The variations in these parameters postoperatively among the three surgeries, and their relationship with corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure measured by the Dynamic Contour Tonometer (DCT-IOP) were analyzed. RESULTS: SP-A1 decreased significantly from preoperatively to 3 months postoperatively in all three groups, whereas DAR2 and IIR increased significantly, all indicating stiffness losses. Between 3 and 6 months postoperatively, the results were inconsistent, with DAR2 decreasing (indicating stiffness increases) and IIR increasing (denoting stiffness decreases) in the FS-LASIK and SMILE groups. The decrease in SSIv2 (the only measure of corneal material stiffness) postoperatively was comparatively less pronounced at both 3 and 6 months postoperatively. On the other hand, HCT remained generally stable after all three surgeries. Unlike DAR2, IIR, and SP-A1, the changes postoperatively in stiffness parameters HCT and SSIv2 were independent of the corresponding changes in both DCT-IOP and CCT. CONCLUSIONS: Among the stiffness parameters considered, SSIv2 was not correlated with CCT or DCT-IOP, and holds promise for representing the corneal material stiffness and how it remains largely unaffected by refractive surgeries. Overall, FS-LASIK had the most significant impact on corneal stiffness, followed by SMILE, and finally tPRK. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(5):e344-e352.].


Assuntos
Córnea , Elasticidade , Pressão Intraocular , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Lasers de Excimer , Miopia , Humanos , Córnea/fisiopatologia , Córnea/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Elasticidade/fisiologia , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa/métodos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser/métodos , Topografia da Córnea
4.
Plant J ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743909

RESUMO

Low temperature (LT) greatly restricts grain filling in maize (Zea mays L.), but the relevant molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. To better understand the effect of LT on grain development, 17 hybrids were subjected to LT stress in field trials over 3 years, and two hybrids of them with contrasting LT responses were exposed to 30/20°C and 20/10°C for 7 days during grain filling in a greenhouse. At LT, thousand-kernel weight declined, especially in LT-sensitive hybrid FM985, while grain-filling rate was on average about 48% higher in LT-tolerant hybrid DK159 than FM985. LT reduced starch synthesis in kernel mainly by suppression of transcript levels and enzyme activities for sucrose synthase and hexokinase. Brassinolide (BR) was abundant in DK159 kernel, and genes involved in BR and cytokinin signals were inducible by stress. LT downregulated the genes in light-harvesting complex and photosystem I/II subunits, accompanied by reduced photosynthetic rate and Fv/Fm in ear leaf. The LT-tolerant hybrid could maintain a high soluble sugar content and fast interconversion between sucrose and hexose in the stem internode and cob, improving assimilate allocation to kernel at LT stress and paving the way for simultaneous growth and LT stress responses.

5.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 267, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764014

RESUMO

Enhancing immune response activation through the synergy of effective antigen delivery and immune enhancement using natural, biodegradable materials with immune-adjuvant capabilities is challenging. Here, we present NAPSL.p that can activate the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) pathway, an amphiphilic exopolysaccharide, as a potential self-assembly adjuvant delivery platform. Its molecular structure and unique properties exhibited remarkable self-assembly, forming a homogeneous nanovaccine with ovalbumin (OVA) as the model antigen. When used as an adjuvant, NAPSL.p significantly increased OVA uptake by dendritic cells. In vivo imaging revealed prolonged pharmacokinetics of NAPSL. p-delivered OVA compared to OVA alone. Notably, NAPSL.p induced elevated levels of specific serum IgG and isotype titers, enhancing rejection of B16-OVA melanoma xenografts in vaccinated mice. Additionally, NAPSL.p formulation improved therapeutic effects, inhibiting tumor growth, and increasing animal survival rates. The nanovaccine elicited CD4+ and CD8+ T cell-based immune responses, demonstrating the potential for melanoma prevention. Furthermore, NAPSL.p-based vaccination showed stronger protective effects against influenza compared to Al (OH)3 adjuvant. Our findings suggest NAPSL.p as a promising, natural self-adjuvanting delivery platform to enhance vaccine design across applications.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovalbumina , Probióticos , Animais , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Ovalbumina/química , Camundongos , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/química , Probióticos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Feminino , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/química , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Nanopartículas/química , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia
6.
Tree Physiol ; 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813956

RESUMO

MiR156 play important roles in regulation of plant growth and development, secondary metabolite synthesis, and other biological processes by targeting the SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein-like (SPL) family. Our previous sequencing data analysis suggested that Csn-miR156d may regulate flowering and anthocyanin accumulation by cleavage and degradation of the expression of the SPL in tea plant, but it remains to be elucidated. In this study, 5'RLM-RACE experiment, tobacco transient transformation, qRT-PCR, and antisense oligonucleotide (asODN) were used to verify that CsSPL1 is the target gene of Csn-miR156d. Stable transformation of Arabidopsis revealed that Csn-miR156d could delay flowering by negatively regulating the transcript levels of FT, AP1, FUL, and SOC1, while overexpression of CsSPL1 showed an opposite effect. Additionally, overexpression of Csn-miR156d in Arabidopsis could enhance the transcription of the anthocyanin biosynthesis-related structural genes DFR, ANS, F3H, UGT78D2, and LDOX, as well as regulatory genes PAP1, MYB113, GL3, MYB11, and MYB12, leading to anthocyanin accumulation. Moreover, asODN experiment revealed that Csn-miR156d could increase the anthocyanin content in tea plant. These results suggest that Csn-miR156d regulates flowering and anthocyanin accumulation in tea plant by suppressing the expression of CsSPL1. Our study provides new insights into the development and anthocyanin accumulation in tea plant and lays a theoretical foundation for further research on the molecular mechanism of miRNAs in regulating tea plant growth and secondary metabolism.

7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 398, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pollution of soil by heavy metals, particularly Cd, is constitutes a critical international environmental concern. Willow species are renowned for their efficacy in the phytoremediation of heavy metals owing to their high Cd absorption rate and rapid growth. However, the mechanisms underlying microbial regulation for high- and low-accumulating willow species remain poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the responses of soil and rhizosphere microbial communities to high- and low-Cd-accumulating willows and Cd contamination. We analyzed soil properties were analyzed in bulk soil (SM) and rhizosphere soil (RM) planted with high-accumulating (H) and low-accumulating (L) willow species. RESULTS: Rhizosphere soil for different willow species had more NH4+ than that of bulk soil, and RM-H soil had more than RM-L had. The available phosphorus content was greater in hyper-accumulated species than it was in lower-accumulated species, especially in RM-H. Genome sequencing of bacterial and fungal communities showed that RM-L exhibited the highest bacterial diversity, whereas RM-H displayed the greatest richness than the other groups. SM-L exhibited the highest diversity and richness of fungal communities. Ralstonia emerged as the predominant bacterium in RM-H, whereas Basidiomycota and Cercozoa were the most enriched fungi in SM-H. Annotation of the N and C metabolism pathways revealed differential patterns: expression levels of NRT2, NarB, nirA, nirD, nrfA, and nosZ were highest in RM-H, demonstrating the effects of NO3-and N on the high accumulation of Cd in RM-H. The annotated genes associated with C metabolism indicated a preference for the tricarboxylic pathway in RM-H, whereas the hydroxypropionate-hydroxybutyrate cycle was implicated in C sequestration in SM-L. CONCLUSIONS: These contribute to elucidation of the mechanism underlying high Cd accumulation in willows, particularly in respect of the roles of microbes and N and C utilization. This will provide valuable insights for repairing polluted soil using N and employing organic acids to improve heavy metal remediation efficiency.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio , Microbiota , Rizosfera , Salix , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo , Salix/microbiologia , Salix/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/classificação , Fungos/metabolismo , Fungos/genética , Solo/química
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 933: 173143, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735336

RESUMO

In a warming climate, high temperature stress greatly threatens crop yields. Maize is critical to food security, but frequent extreme heat events coincide temporally and spatially with the period of kernel number determination (e.g., flowering stage), greatly limiting maize yields. In this context, how to increase or at least maintain maize yield has become more important. Nitrogen fertilizer (N) is widely used to improve maize yields, but its effect in heat stress is unclear. For this, we collected 1536 pairs of comparisons from 113 studies concerning N conducted in the past 20 years over China. We classified the data into two groups - without high temperature stress (NHT) and with high temperature stress during the critical period for maize kernel number determination (HT) - based on the national meteorological data. We comprehensively evaluated N effects on grain yield under HT and NHT using meta-analysis. The effect of N on maize yield became significantly smaller in HT than that in NHT. In NHT, soil characteristics, crop management practices, and climatic conditions all significantly affected N effects on maize yield, but in HT, only a few factors such as soil organic matter and mean annual precipitation significantly affected N effects. Hence, it is difficult to improve N effect by improving soil characteristics and crop management when meeting with high temperature stress during flowering. On average, N effect increased with increased N input, but there were respective N input thresholds in NHT and HT, beyond which N effects on maize yield remained stable. According to the thresholds, it is speculated that moderately reducing N input (~20 %) likely increased high temperature tolerance of maize during flowering. These findings have important implications for the optimization of N management under a warming climate.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Zea mays , Zea mays/fisiologia , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Fertilizantes , Temperatura Alta , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/fisiologia , Mudança Climática
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10169, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702375

RESUMO

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is considered to be the most common agent of severe diarrhea in cattle worldwide, causing fever, diarrhea, ulcers, and abortion. Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) is also a major bovine respiratory disease agent that spreads worldwide and causes extensive damage to the livestock industry. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method with the advantages of high efficiency, rapidity and sensitivity, which has been widely used in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. A dual RPA assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of BVDV and BoHV-1. The assay was completed at a constant temperature of 37 °C for 30 min. It was highly sensitive and had no cross-reactivity with other common bovine viruses. The detection rate of BVDV RPA in clinical samples (36.67%) was higher than that of PCR (33.33%), the detection rate of BoHV-1 RPA and PCR were equal. Therefore, the established dual RPA assay for BVDV and BoHV-1 could be a potential candidate for use as an immediate diagnostic.


Assuntos
Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina , Herpesvirus Bovino 1 , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Recombinases , Animais , Bovinos , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Recombinases/metabolismo , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/virologia , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/diagnóstico , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/diagnóstico , DNA Viral/genética
10.
Pharmacol Res ; 204: 107221, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768669

RESUMO

Based on the concept of "Evolutionary Traps", targeting survival essential genes obtained during tumor drug resistance can effectively eliminate resistant cells. While, it still faces limitations. In this study, lapatinib-resistant cells were used to test the concept of "Evolutionary Traps" and no suitable target stand out because of the identified genes without accessible drug. However, a membrane protein PDPN, which is low or non-expressed in normal tissues, is identified as highly expressed in lapatinib-resistant tumor cells. PDPN CAR-T cells were developed and showed high cytotoxicity against lapatinib-resistant tumor cells in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that CAR-T may be a feasible route for overcoming drug resistance of tumor based on "Evolutionary Trap". To test whether this concept is cell line or drug dependent, we analyzed 21 drug-resistant tumor cell expression profiles reveal that JAG1, GPC3, and L1CAM, which are suitable targets for CAR-T treatment, are significantly upregulated in various drug-resistant tumor cells. Our findings shed light on the feasibility of utilizing CAR-T therapy to treat drug-resistant tumors and broaden the concept of the "Evolutionary Trap".


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Humanos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Lapatinib/farmacologia , Lapatinib/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos , Feminino
11.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 245, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor myofascial pain is one of the pelvic floor dysfunction diseases disturbing women after delivery. There is a lack of objective standardization for the diagnosis of pelvic floor myofascial pain due to the various symptoms and the dependence on the palpating evaluation. Ultrasound imaging has the advantages of safety, simplicity, economy and high resolution, which makes it an ideal tool for the assistant diagnosis of pelvic floor myofascial pain and evaluation after treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study including women accepting evaluation of pelvic floor function at 6 weeks to 1 year postpartum. They were divided into pelvic floor myofascial pain group and normal control group. A BCL 10-5 biplane transducer was applied to observed their puborectalis. The length, minimum width, area, deficiency, deficiency length, deficiency width, deficiency area, rate of deficiency area, local thickening,angle between the tendinous arch of levator ani muscle and puborectalis of corresponding puborectalis in different groups were observed and measured. RESULTS: A total of 220 postpartum women participated in the study, with 77 in the pelvic floor myofascial pain group and 143 in the normal control group. The Intraclass correlation coefficient value was over 0.750, and Kappa ranged from 0.600 to 0.800. puborectalis deficiency (adjusted odds ratio = 11.625, 95% confidence interval = 4.557-29.658) and focal thickening (adjusted odds ratio = 16.891, 95% confidence interval = 1.819-156.805) were significantly associated with higher odds of having postpartum pelvic floor myofascial pain. Grayscale or the angle between the arch tendineus levator ani and puborectalis measurements on the pain side tended to be smaller than on the non-pain side in patients with unilateral puborectalis or iliococcygeus pain (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that transvaginal ultrasound was a potentially efficient technique for evaluating postpartum pelvic floor myofascial pain due to its ability to assess various sonographic characteristics of the levator ani muscles.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico , Diafragma da Pelve , Humanos , Feminino , Diafragma da Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Período Pós-Parto , Dor , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
12.
Cancer Invest ; 42(3): 243-259, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616306

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) presents a five-year survival rate below 20%, underscoring the need for improved prognostic markers. Our study analyzed ESCC-specific datasets to identify consistently differentially expressed genes. A Venn analysis followed by gene network interactions revealed 23 key genes, from which we built a prognostic model using the COX algorithm (p = 0.000245, 3-year AUC = 0.967). This model stratifies patients into risk groups, with high-risk individuals showing worse outcomes and lower chemotherapy sensitivity. Moreover, a link between risk scores and M2 macrophage infiltration, as well as significant correlations with immune checkpoint genes (e.g., SIGLEC15, PDCD1LG2, and HVCR2), was discovered. High-risk patients had lower Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) values, suggesting potential responsiveness to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Our efficient 23-gene prognostic model for ESCC indicates a dual utility in assessing prognosis and guiding therapeutic decisions, particularly in the context of ICB therapy for high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Reguladoras de Genes
13.
Anal Chem ; 96(16): 6158-6169, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602477

RESUMO

Raman spectroscopy has been widely used for label-free biomolecular analysis of cells and tissues for pathological diagnosis in vitro and in vivo. AI technology facilitates disease diagnosis based on Raman spectroscopy, including machine learning (PCA and SVM), manifold learning (UMAP), and deep learning (ResNet and AlexNet). However, it is not clear how to optimize the appropriate AI classification model for different types of Raman spectral data. Here, we selected five representative Raman spectral data sets, including endometrial carcinoma, hepatoma extracellular vesicles, bacteria, melanoma cell, diabetic skin, with different characteristics regarding sample size, spectral data size, Raman shift range, tissue sites, Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence, and significant Raman shifts (i.e., wavenumbers with significant differences between groups), to explore the performance of different AI models (e.g., PCA-SVM, SVM, UMAP-SVM, ResNet or AlexNet). For data set of large spectral data size, Resnet performed better than PCA-SVM and UMAP. By building data characteristic-assisted AI classification model, we optimized the network parameters (e.g., principal components, activation function, and loss function) of AI model based on data size and KL divergence etc. The accuracy improved from 85.1 to 94.6% for endometrial carcinoma grading, from 77.1 to 90.7% for hepatoma extracellular vesicles detection, from 89.3 to 99.7% for melanoma cell detection, from 88.1 to 97.9% for bacterial identification, from 53.7 to 85.5% for diabetic skin screening, and mean time expense of 5 s.


Assuntos
Análise Espectral Raman , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/classificação , Vesículas Extracelulares/química , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Inteligência Artificial
15.
Plant Environ Interact ; 5(2): e10141, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586117

RESUMO

Both carbon limitation and developmentally driven kernel failure occur in the apical region of maize (Zea mays L.) ears. Failed kernel development in the basal and middle regions of the ear often is neglected because their spaces usually are occupied by adjacent ovaries at harvest. We tested the spatial distribution of kernel losses and potential underlying reasons, from perspectives of silk elongation and carbohydrate dynamics, when maize experienced water deficit during silk elongation. Kernel loss was distributed along the length of the ear regardless of water availability, with the highest kernel set in the middle region and a gradual reduction toward the apical and basal ends. Water deficit limited silk elongation in a manner inverse to the temporal pattern of silk initiation, more strongly in the apical and basal regions of the ear than in the middle region. The limited recovery of silk elongation, especially at the apical and basal regions following rescue irrigation was probably due to water potentials below the threshold for elongation and lower growth rates of the associated ovaries. While sugar concentrations increased or did not respond to water deficit in ovaries and silks, the calculated sugar flux into the developing ovaries was impaired and diverged among ovaries at different positions under water deficit. Water deficit resulted in 58% kernel loss, 68% of which was attributable to arrested silks within husks caused by lower water potentials and 32% to ovaries with emerged silks possibly due to impaired carbohydrate metabolism.

16.
Biotechnol J ; 19(4): e2300557, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581092

RESUMO

The halogenase-based catalysis is one of the most environmentally friendly methods for the synthesis of halogenated products, among which flavin-dependent halogenases (FDHs) have attracted great interest as one of the most promising biocatalysts due to the remarkable site-selectivity and wide substrate range. However, the complexity of constructing the NAD+-NADH-FAD-FADH2 bicoenzyme cycle system has affected the engineering applications of FDHs. In this work, a coenzyme self-sufficient tri-enzyme fusion was constructed and successfully applied to the continuous halogenation of L-tryptophan. SpFDH was firstly identified derived from Streptomyces pratensis, a highly selective halogenase capable of generating 6-chloro-tryptophan from tryptophan. Then, using gene fusion technology, SpFDH was fused with glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) and flavin reductase (FR) to form a tri-enzyme fusion, which increased the yield by 1.46-fold and making the coenzymes self-sufficient. For more efficient halogenation of L-tryptophan, a continuous halogenation bioprocess of L-tryptophan was developed by immobilizing the tri-enzyme fusion and attaching it to a continuous catalytic device, which resulted in a reaction yield of 97.6% after 12 h reaction. An FDH from S. pratensis was successfully applied in the halogenation and our study provides a concise strategy for the preparation of halogenated tryptophan mediated by multienzyme cascade catalysis.


Assuntos
Halogenação , Triptofano , Coenzimas , Oxirredutases/genética , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Flavinas/metabolismo
18.
Small ; : e2401216, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593322

RESUMO

Polarization-sensitive broadband optoelectronic detection is crucial for future sensing, imaging, and communication technologies. Narrow bandgap 2D materials, such as Te and PdSe2, show promise for these applications, yet their polarization performance is limited by inherent structural anisotropies. In this work, a self-powered, broadband photodetector utilizing a Te/PdSe2 van der Waals (vdWs) heterojunction, with orientations meticulously tailored is introduced through polarized Raman optical spectra and tensor calculations to enhance linear polarization sensitivity. The device exhibits anisotropy ratios of 1.48 at 405 nm, 3.56 at 1550 nm, and 1.62 at 4 µm, surpassing previously-reported photodetectors based on pristine Te and PdSe2. Additionally, it exhibits high responsivity (617 mA W-1 at 1550 nm), specific detectivity (5.27 × 1010 Jones), fast response (≈4.5 µs), and an extended spectral range beyond 4 µm. The findings highlight the significance of orientation-engineered heterostructures in enhancing polarization-sensitive photodetectors and advancing optoelectronic technology.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 63(15): 6767-6775, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569160

RESUMO

Electrolytic hydrogen production via water splitting holds significant promise for the future of the energy revolution. The design of efficient and abundant catalysts, coupled with a comprehensive understanding of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) mechanism, is of paramount importance. In this study, we propose a strategy to craft an atomically precise cluster catalyst with superior HER performance by cocoupling a Mo2O4 structural unit and a Cu(I) alkynyl cluster into a structured framework. The resulting bimetallic cluster, Mo2Cu17, encapsulates a distinctive structure [Mo2O4Cu17(TC4A)4(PhC≡C)6], comprising a binuclear Mo2O4 subunit and a {Cu17(TC4A)2(PhC≡C)6} cluster, both shielded by thiacalix[4]arene (TC4A) and phenylacetylene (PhC≡CH). Expanding our exploration, we synthesized two homoleptic CuI alkynyl clusters coprotected by the TC4A and PhC≡C- ligands: Cu13 and Cu22. Remarkably, Mo2Cu17 demonstrates superior HER efficiency compared to its counterparts, achieving a current density of 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline solution with an overpotential as low as 120 mV, significantly outperforming Cu13 (178 mV) and Cu22 (214 mV) nanoclusters. DFT calculations illuminate the catalytic mechanism and indicate that the intrinsically higher activity of Mo2Cu17 may be attributed to the synergistic Mo2O4-Cu(I) coupling.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 63(19): 8625-8635, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684116

RESUMO

The metal exchange reaction has emerged as an efficient method to synthesize ligand-protected alloy nanoclusters with precise compositions and structure. However, the understanding of the mechanism of these metal exchange processes is quite limited. Herein, the dynamic process of metal exchange of Au25(SR)18- and Ag25(SR)18- (R = CH3) nanoclusters with metal ions (Au+, Ag+, Cu2+, Cu+, Cd2+, and Hg2+) is investigated using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Computational results unveiled a multifaceted nature of the metal exchange process, dictated by several variables, including thermodynamic stability, electrochemical activity, metal affinity to ligand, and the coordination mode of metal ions. As a result of these factors, metal ions may either directly exchange with Au or Ag atoms on the icosahedral core surface by a "knock-off" mechanism or be stably adsorbed at the core-motif interface of Au25(SR)18- and Ag25(SR)18- nanoclusters. Meanwhile, we also discovered that counterions can promote adsorbed Ag and Cu atoms to diffuse into the gold core. Finally, the driving force of the galvanic reduction and antigalvanic reduction reactions is discussed. The formation of a more stable core-doping product nanocluster is the major driving force of metal exchange reactions.

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