Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.312
Filtrar
1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117057, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142609

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effects of potassium sulfate (K2SO4) on the swelling, gelatinization, and pasting properties of indica rice starch (IRS), japonica rice starch (JRS), and waxy rice starch (WRS). As a result, the gelatinization temperatures (Tp), swelling capacities, and pasting viscosities of rice starches in water followed the order of WRS > JRS > IRS, showing positive correlations to amylopectin content and molecular weight. At K2SO4 concentration of 0.05-0.6 M, Tp increased by 10-13 ℃ due to a more compact structure of starch granules resulting from increased interactions of starch chains with K+. However, the swelling capacity decreased with increasing K2SO4 concentration and followed the order of WRS < JRS < IRS, which decreased sharply from 27.3 to 2.5 g/g for WRS. K2SO4 dramatically reduced the pasting viscosity of starch pastes due to the decreased swelling capacity. This study provides the scientific basis for rice starch processing with K2SO4.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113358, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896625

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (DMED) is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus. Leech and centipede granules (LCG) have traditionally been used as blood-activating agents in various ethnomedicinal systems of East Asia, especially in China. It is often used to regulate bodily functions and considered as adjuvant therapy for promoting blood circulation, alleviating blood coagulation, activating meridians, and relieving stasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to identify potential genes and mechanisms of LCG on DMED from the network pharmacological perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active components of LCG were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS, TCMID, and the BATMAN-TCM databases, and the disease targets of DMED were obtained from the DisGeNET, CooLGeN, GeneCards databases. After identifying DMED targets of LCG, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Hub genes and significant modules were identified via the MCODE plug-in of Cytoscape software. Then, significant signaling pathways of the modules were identified using the Metascape database. The probable interaction mode of compounds-hub genes is examined using Molecular Operating Environment (MOE) docking software. Besides, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of LCG on improving erectile function in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats model. RESULTS: Combined UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis with network pharmacology study, 18 active compounds were selected for target prediction. There are 97 common target genes between LCG and DMED. Enrichment of the KEGG pathway mainly involves in the calcium signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and mTOR signaling pathway. Nine hub genes were regulated by LCG in DMED, including CXCL8, NOS3, CRH, TH, BDNF, DRD4, ACE, CNR1, and HTR1A. The results of molecular docking analysis showed that the tyrosin, ursolic acid, and L-Histidine has a relatively stable interaction with corresponding hub genes via generating hydrogen bonds, H-π, and π-π interactions. Significantly, the results in docking predicted a higher affinity of vardenafil to the hub genes compared to the tyrosin, ursolic acid, and L-Histidine. Furthermore, LCG increased the testosterone, erection frequency, the ratio of ICP and MAP, SOD, cGMP, cAMP as well as decreased the MDA, and AGEs expression levels. And, LCG ameliorated the histological change of penile tissues in DMED rats. Hence, LCG attenuates oxidative stress, increases NO production; For the mechanism exploration, LCG could significantly upregulate the mRNA and protein expression of CNR1, NOS3, CRH, TH, BDNF, and DRD4, whereas CXCL8, ACE, and HTR1A levels were significantly higher than those in the DMED group. Moreover, LCG activates the NO/cGMP/PKG pathway, PI3K/Akt/nNOS pathway, cAMP/PKA pathway, and inhibits the HIF-1α/mTOR pathway to improve erectile function. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that LCG maybe offer a new therapeutic basis for the treatment of DMED via altering the gene expression of involved metabolic pathways.

3.
Food Chem ; 338: 128122, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091999

RESUMO

a dual DNA tweezers nanomachine was developed for one-step simultaneous detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in food samples. The dual DNA tweezers are locked by the aptamers of mycotoxins, resulting the "turn off" of fluorescent signal. In the presence of AFB1 and OTA, the aptamers can bind with their corresponding targets, resulting the "open" of DNA tweezers and the "turn on" of the fluorescent signals. The limits of detections were 3.5 × 10-2 ppb for AFB1 and 0.1 ppb for OTA. Moreover, the applicability of the method was further demonstrated by conducting a limited survey on 5 samples collected from various sources. The recoveries of this method change from 90.0% to 110.0% for simultaneous detection of AFB1 or OTA and the RSDs vary from 4.1% to 9.2%. Detection uncertainties were within 5% (with a 95% confidence level).

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(2): 1315-1322, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183478

RESUMO

In order to explore the effect of nanobubble-based ultrasound imaging technology on the treatment of ureteral stenosis, a total of 120 patients, who were confirmed as ureteral stenosis by surgery, pathology or multiple imaging examinations at a designated hospital of the study from December 2015 to December 2018, were selected as research objects and were divided into three groups of targeted nanobubble (TN) group, blank nanobubble (BN) group and control (CT) group with 40 cases in each group. The TN group utilized the nanobubbles with a particle size of (499.52±72.87) nm as carriers to compare and analyze patients' ultrasound images for the predisposition and etiology of ureteral stenosis and the sonogram variations of hydronephrosis, renal pelvis; the BN group utilized the blank nanobubble with a particle size of (446.71±45.36) nm as carriers to perform ultrasound imaging and diagnostic analysis of ureteral stenosis; the CT group directly conducted ureteral stenosis treatment with ultrasound imaging technology. The results showed that the total coincidence rates of the targeted diagnosis for ureteral stenosis of the TN, BN and CT group were 94.38%, 87.52%, and 67.94%, respectively; the coincidence rates of different examination methods for different diagnostic parts were different and the diagnostic coincidence rates of TN group for pelvic ureteral transition area, end of ureter, and the area between pelvic ureteral transition area and end of ureter were 82.91%, 79.66%, and 75.17%, respectively; the diagnostic coincidence rates of BN group for those were 80.32%, 94.77%, respectively and 92.18% and the CT group were 58.66%, 72.14%, and 66.48%, respectively; the diagnosis coincidence rates for ureteral stenosis etiology of the TN, BN and CT group were 93.81%, 82.66% and 64.57%, respectively. Therefore, it was believed that the nanobubble-based ultrasound examination can accurately diagnose the site of ureteral stenosis through the exploration of hydronephrosis and ureteral dilatation with the advantages of simplicity, no pain, repeatable examination, and no impact on renal function, and having high clinical value for diagnosing ureteral stenosis.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 252: 117157, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183608

RESUMO

Chitosan is considered as a green additive with broad application prospects due to its advantages like biodegradability and antibacterial ability. Herein, we proposed an effective chitosan grafting approach via "one-enzyme double catalysis" strategy which aimed at functionalizing wool fibers to achieve bidirectionally multiple covalent crosslinking between chitosan and wool by laccase/2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) mediated oxidization. The mechanism was studied using models of wool and chitosan in terms of UV, FTIR, GPC and MALDI-TOF MS. Meanwhile, the structure and morphology of wool fiber grafted with chitosan were characterized by ATR-FTIR and SEM. Compared with untreated wool, this efficient method can significantly improve the dimensional stability to felting (2.53 %), wettability and dyeability of wool fabric, and can also compensate for the strength loss caused by the pretreatment. The present work provides a useful path for the enzymatic modification of keratin-containing fibers like wool using chitosan and other natural biopolymers with similar structure.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138309

RESUMO

We report the theoretical and experimental study of calibration-free heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy (HPSDS) in the mid-infrared using a direct current modulated mid-infrared quantum cascade laser (QCL). The modulation of QCL current at several hundred MHz or higher generates the synchronous frequency and intensity modulation of the QCL emission. An analytical model of the phase of the beat note signal in HPSDS is derived by considering the absorption and dispersion processes and incorporating the QCL modulation parameters. In the experiment, a 4.5 µm QCL modulated at 350 MHz was used to measure N2O at 200 Torr in a 10 cm gas cell. The N2O concentrations inferred from the analytical model were compared with the nominal values to show good agreement over the concentration range of 189-805 ppm with a standard deviation <3%. When the QCL wavelength was locked at the line-center of the molecular transition, it was of interest to find that the theoretical model was simplified to that used for near-infrared HPSDS with an electro-optical modulator for laser modulation.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151807

RESUMO

Background: Mucinous colorectal adenocarcinoma (MAC) has a higher incidence of local extension, leading to lower overall resection rates. Few studies have investigated the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for MACs to date. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the validity of laparoscopic surgery for mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC). Methods: This study analyzed short-term and long-term outcomes between laparoscopic and open surgery for MACs from 2008 to 2018. Multivariate analyses were used to define prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Results: Patients in the laparoscopy (LAP) group had significantly less blood loss, fewer days to first flatus and to diet, and shorter length of hospital stay. The 3-year and 5-year DFS rates for all stages combined were 65.7% and 62.5% in the LAP group compared with 60.5% and 57.6% in the open (OPEN) surgery group (P = .521). The 3-year and 5-year OS rates for all stages combined were 72.3% and 67.3% in the LAP group compared with 72.6% and 67.8% in the OPEN group (P = .934). OS and DFS in stage II, stage III, and pathological T4 (pT4) stage patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery did not differ from patients who underwent open surgery. Multivariate analysis showed that stage pT4, pN2, and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were significant predictors of OS. Independent factors, including intraoperative blood transfusion, stage pT4, pN2, CEA, and CA19-9, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, have a great effect on DFS. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery is a safe and feasible option for mucinous colorectal AC, which provides faster postoperative recovery and less intraoperative blood loss.

8.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156379

RESUMO

Today, strategy of repair remains controversial and rare analyses on annular integrity associated with outcomes in complete repair by RVOT incision were performed in a large TOF cohort in China. This is a retrospective cohort study involving patients with TOF who had undergone complete repair by RVOT incision between January 2012 and December 2017 in Fuwai hospital. The primary outcome was a composite of reintervention, significant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) and significant annular peak gradient (APG). Multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model analyses were used to assess the relationships between annular integrity and outcomes. In total, 1673 survival patients with the median age of 318 days were included, and 1002 were male. During a median follow-up of 49 months, 538 participants developed the primary outcome (27 reinterventions). Multivariate Cox analyses showed that compared with AS, TAP was associated with an increased risk of primary outcome (adjusted HR, 1.94 [95% CI 1.60-2.37]) and the results remained unchanged even in most subgroups defined. In secondary outcomes analyses, TAP is associated with a higher risk of reintervention (adjusted HR, 3.32 [95% CI 1.25-8.79]) and significant PR (adjusted HR, 2.51 [95% CI 2.00-3.16]). However, TAP is not associated with a decreased risk of significant APG (adjusted HR, 1.33 [95% CI 0.94-1.88]). PVA integrity preservation is important in complete repair of TOF with RVOT incision. TAP is associated with a higher risk of reintervention and significant PR, and with a similar risk of significant APG. Significant APG in AS patients at discharge has a downtrend over time.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(17): 177203, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156649

RESUMO

We show that a conical magnetic field H=(1,1,1)H can be used to tune the topological order and hence, anyon excitations of the Z_{2} quantum spin liquid in the isotropic antiferromagnetic Kitaev model. A novel topological order, featured with Chern number C=4 and Abelian anyon excitations, is induced in a narrow range of intermediate fields H_{c1}≤H≤H_{c2}. On the other hand, the C=1 Ising-topological order with non-Abelian anyon excitations, as previously known to be present at small fields, is found here to survive up to H_{c1}. The results are obtained by developing and applying a Z_{2} mean field theory that works at finite fields and is asymptotically exact in the zero field limit and the associated variational quantum Monte Carlo.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202279

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 55A3 (CYP55A3) is an enzyme with the catalytic activity of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrous oxide using NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. Herein CYP55A3 has been expressed in E. coli and purified by His-tag columns. The electrochemical and spectroscopic characteristic of CYP55A3 and its interaction with NO has been studied. The direct electrochemistry of Fe3+/Fe2+ redox peaks in CYP55A3 was realized on the pyrolitic graphite electrode with the redox potential of -475 mV in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer. With the addition of NO a ferric nitroxyl complex (Fe3+-NO) formed with a new reduction peak at -0.78 V. The reduction peak current increased with the concentration of NO and showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetic characteristics with the apparent Michaelis constant Kmapp 9.78 µM. The binding constant K calculated to be 3.93 × 104 M by UV-vis method. The fluorescence emission spectra of iron porphyrin in CYP55A3 showed with the peak wavelength 633 nm, and its fluorescence intensity increased after binding with NO. The fluorescence analysis demonstrated that NADH can relay electrons to iron porphyrin and reduce NO. The reductive product of NO released and the iron porphyrin in CYP55A3 turned back to the original form.

11.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520968344, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203271

RESUMO

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening neurological emergency that is primarily characterized by altered consciousness, hyperpyrexia, muscular rigidity, and autonomic instability. Here, we describe a unique case of NMS. A 54-year-old woman with major depressive disorder (MDD) was admitted to our hospital to relieve painful emotions; her laboratory tests and physical examinations were unremarkable. Her medication regime was as follows: day 1, quetiapine (200 mg), clonazepam (2 mg), and zopiclone (7.5 mg); day 2, olanzapine (5 mg) and sertraline (100 mg); day 3, olanzapine (15 mg), sertraline (100 mg), zopiclone (7.5 mg), and clonazepam (2 mg); day 4, olanzapine (15 mg) and haloperidol (5 mg); and day 5, sertraline (50 mg) and olanzapine (5 mg). The patient then developed NMS, and a series of tests showed further abnormalities. Unusually, her cardiac troponin I (TNI) was abnormally elevated as her NMS symptoms worsened, but gradually decreased after she was transferred to the cardiology department for treatment. The increased TNI was suspected to be related to the NMS. Here, we provide several potential explanations for the relationship between TNI and NMS. Based on the present case, it may be important to measure and monitor TNI concentrations in NMS patients.

12.
J Mol Histol ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205345

RESUMO

Enteric glial cells are more abundant than neurons in the enteric nervous system. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that enteric glial cells share many properties with astrocytes and play pivotal roles in intestinal diseases. NDRG2 is specifically expressed in astrocytes and is involved in various diseases in the central nervous system. However, no studies have demonstrated the expression of NDRG2 in enteric glial cells. We performed immunostaining of adult mouse tissue, human colon sections, and primary enteric glial cells and the results showed that NDRG2 was widely expressed in enteric glial cells. Meanwhile, our results showed that NDRG2 was upregulated after treatment with pro-inflammatory cytokines and exposure to oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation, indicating that NDRG2 might be involved in these conditions. Moreover, we determined that NDRG2 translocated to the nucleus after treatment with pro-inflammatory cytokines but not after exposure to oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation. This study is the first to show the expression and distribution of NDRG2 in the enteric glia. Our results indicate that NDRG2 might be involved in the pathogenesis of enteric inflammation and ischemia/reperfusion injury. This study shows that NDRG2 might be a molecular target for enteric nervous system diseases.

13.
FASEB J ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184921

RESUMO

An unfavorable lifestyle disrupts the circadian rhythm, leading to metabolic dysfunction in adult humans and animals. Increasing evidence suggests that night-restricted feeding (NRF) can effectively prevent ectopic fat deposition caused by circadian rhythm disruption, and reduce the risk of metabolic diseases. However, previous studies have mainly focused on the prevention of obesity in adults by regulating dietary patterns, whereas limited attention has been paid to the effect of NRF on metabolism during growth and development. Here, we used weaning rabbits as models and found that NRF increased body weight gain without increasing feed intake, and promoted insulin-mediated protein synthesis through the mTOR/S6K pathway and muscle formation by upregulating MYOG. NRF improved the circadian clock, promoted PDH-regulated glycolysis and CPT1B-regulated fatty-acid ß-oxidation, and reduced fat content in the serum and muscles. In addition, NRF-induced body temperature oscillation might be partly responsible for the improvement in the circadian clock and insulin sensitivity. Time-restricted feeding could be used as a nondrug intervention to prevent obesity and accelerate growth in adolescents.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190214

RESUMO

Giant pandas often suffered from gastrointestinal disease, especially the captive sub-adult one. Our study aims to investigate whether L. plantarum G83, a good panda-derived probiotic, can improve the intestinal barrier against the enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 (E. coli K88) infection in giant panda microbiota-associated mice (GPAM). We treated SPF mice with antibiotics cocktail and transplanted the giant panda intestinal microbiota to set up a GPAM. Our results demonstrated that the microbiota of GPAM changed over time and was relatively stable in the short-term experiment (2-4 weeks). Whereafter, the GPAM pretreated with L. plantarum G83 for 15 days and infected with enterotoxigenic E. coli K88. The result indicated that the number of Bifidobacteria spp. increased in GPAM-G and GPAM-GE groups; the Lactobacillus spp. only increased in the GPAM-G group. Although the abundance of Enterobacteriaceae spp. only decreased in the GPAM-G group, the copy number of Escherichia coli in the GPAM-E group was significantly lower than that in the other groups. Meanwhile, the L. plantarum G83-induced alteration of microbiota could increase the mRNA expression of Claudin-1, Zo-1, and Occludin-1 in the GPAM-G group in the ileum; only Occludin-1 was increased in the GPAM-GE group. The sIgA in the ileum showed a positive response, also the result of body weight and histology in both the GPAM-G and GPAM-GE group. These results indicated that the L. plantarum G83 could improve the intestinal barrier to defense the enterotoxigenic E. coli K88 invasion.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191747

RESUMO

1,1-Disubstituted styrenes with internal oxygen and nitrogen nucleophiles undergo oxidative fluorocyclization reactions with in situ generated chiral iodine(III)-catalysts. The resulting fluorinated tetrahydrofurans and pyrrolidines contain a tertiary carbon-fluorine stereocenter. Application of a new 1-naphthyllactic acid-based iodine(III)-catalyst allows the control of tertiary carbon-fluorine stereocenters with up to 96% ee. Density functional theory calculations are performed to investigate the details of the mechanism and the factors governing the stereoselectivity of the reaction.

16.
Psychiatry Res ; 294: 113513, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious and global health problem that has a strong association with major depressive disorder (MDD). Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed for the construction of a co-expression network to get important gene modules associated with depressed suicide. METHODS: Transcriptome sequencing data from dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was used, which included 29 non-psychiatric controls (CON), 21 MDD suicides (MDD-S) and 9 MDD non-suicides (MDD-NS) of medication-free sudden death individuals. RESULTS: The highest correlation in the module-traits relationship was discovered between the black module and suicide (r = -0.30, p = 0.024) as well as MDD (r = -0.34, p = 0.010).Furthermore, the expression levels of genes decreased progressively across the three groups (CON>MDD-NS>MDD-S). Therefore, the genes in the black module was selected for subsequent analyses. Protein-Protein Interaction Network found that the top 10 hub genes were somehow involved in depressed suicide including JUN, FOS, ATF3, MYC, EGR1, FOSB, DUSP1, NFKBIA, TLR2, NR4A1. Most of the GO terms were enriched in cell death and apoptosis and KEGG was mainly enriched in MAPK pathway. Cell Type-Specific Analysis found these genes were significantly enriched in endothelial and microglia (p<0.000) cell types. In addition, 92 genes in this module had at least one highly significant differentially methylated positions between MDD-S and controls. CONCLUSION: Cell death and apoptosis may participate in the interplay between depressed suicide and neuro-inflammation system.

17.
Cancer ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to report on the long-term effects of pexidartinib on tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT). METHODS: This was a pooled analysis encompassing 3 pexidartinib-treated TGCT cohorts: 1) a phase 1 extension study (NCT01004861; 1000 mg/d; n = 39), 2) ENLIVEN patients randomized to pexidartinib (1000 mg/d for 2 weeks and then 800 mg/d; n = 61), and 3) ENLIVEN crossover patients (NCT02371369; 800 mg/d; n = 30). Eligible patients were 18 years old or older and had a histologically confirmed TGCT that was unresectable and symptomatic. Efficacy endpoints included the best overall response (complete or partial response) and the duration of response (DOR) by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and the tumor volume score (TVS). The safety assessment included the frequency of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and hepatic laboratory abnormalities (aminotransferase elevations and mixed/cholestatic hepatotoxicity). The data cutoff was May 31, 2019. RESULTS: One hundred thirty patients with TGCT received pexidartinib (median treatment duration, 19 months; range, 1 to 76+ months); 54 (42%) remained on treatment at the end of the analysis (26 months after initial data cut of March 2017). The RECIST overall response rate (ORR) was 60%; the TVS ORR was 65%. The median times to response were 3.4 (RECIST) and 2.8 months (TVS), with 48 of the responding patients (62%) achieving a RECIST partial response by 6 months and with 72 (92%) doing so by 18 months. The median DOR was reached for TVS (46.8 months). Reported TEAEs were mostly low-grade, with hair color changes being most frequent (75%). Most liver abnormalities (92%) were aminotransferase elevations; 4 patients (3%) experienced mixed/cholestatic hepatotoxicity (all within the first 2 months of treatment), which was reversible in all cases (recovery spanned 1-7 months). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the prolonged efficacy and tolerability of long-term pexidartinib treatment for TGCT.

18.
Environ Pollut ; : 115996, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213952

RESUMO

Mangroves are inter-tidal ecosystems with important global ecological roles. Today, mangroves around the world are at risk of fragmentation, especially in areas with rapid urbanization. Mangroves experiencing habitat fragmentation may be more intensely affected by human activities and a scenario that might have been ignored by previous studies on trace metal (TM) environmental geochemistry. Here, we investigated the typically fragmented habitats in a subtropical mangrove estuary (the Danshuei Basin in Taiwan Strait) to evaluate how human activities affect the geochemical behaviors of TMs. Ni, Sb, Zn, Cr, Cu, and Cd were the primary contaminants found in the mangrove patches. Metal sequestration from the riverine (Ni, Cr) and in-patch activity (Sb, Zn, Cu, Cd) are primary sources of TM's risk. Using the synthesized pollution risk assessment, we showed that most of the mangrove patches are under moderate pollution risk. A significant relationship between the TMs pollution indicators and the absorption coefficient at 254 nm (a254), implying that the a254 could be a potential convenient parameter in the TMs risk assessment, which might be partly explained by the bio-remediation of sulfate-reduction microorganism. This study demonstrates the ecological risks posed by TM pollution on urban mangrove patches and emphasizes the importance of a more comprehensive survey for estuarine mangrove patch environments to achieve Sustainable Development Goals.

19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5902, 2020 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214555

RESUMO

CAR-T cell therapy is effective for hematologic malignancies. However, considerable numbers of patients relapse after the treatment, partially due to poor expansion and limited persistence of CAR-T cells in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that human CAR-T cells polarized and expanded under a Th9-culture condition (T9 CAR-T) have an enhanced antitumor activity against established tumors. Compared to IL2-polarized (T1) cells, T9 CAR-T cells secrete IL9 but little IFN-γ, express central memory phenotype and lower levels of exhaustion markers, and display robust proliferative capacity. Consequently, T9 CAR-T cells mediate a greater antitumor activity than T1 CAR-T cells against established hematologic and solid tumors in vivo. After transfer, T9 CAR-T cells migrate effectively to tumors, differentiate to IFN-γ and granzyme-B secreting effector memory T cells but remain as long-lived and hyperproliferative T cells. Our findings are important for the improvement of CAR-T cell-based immunotherapy for human cancers.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21674-21686, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176280

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed urologic carcinomas, with high recurrence and death rates. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs which are anomalously expressed in cancers and involved in the progression of cancers. In this study, we found that circSEMA5A was upregulated in BC tissues and cell lines. The overexpressed circSEMA5A was correlated with malignant characteristics of BC. In vitro data indicated that circSEMA5A promoted proliferation, suppressed apoptosis, facilitated migration, accelerated invasion, enhanced angiogenesis and promotes glycolysis of BC. Mechanistically, circSEMA5A served as a miRNA sponge for miR-330-5p to upregulates Enolase 1 (ENO1) expression and facilitated the activation of Akt and ß-catenin signaling pathways. Then, we showed that circSEMA5A exerted its biological functions partially via miR-330-5p/ENO1 signaling. Moreover, circSEMA5A raised SEMA5A expression by recruiting EIF4A3 to enhance the mRNA stability of SEMA5A, and thereby accelerated BC angiogenesis. To sum up, circSEMA5A is upregulated in BC and facilitates BC progression by mediating miR-330-5p/ENO1 signaling and upregulating SEMA5A expression.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA