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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between nonselective beta-blockers (NSBBs) and lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis. However, there has been no population-based study investigating the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients treated using carvedilol. AIMS: To determine the risk of HCC among cirrhotic patients with NSBBs including carvedilol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilised the Cerner Health Facts database in the United States from 2000 to 2017. Kaplan-Meier estimate, Cox proportional hazards regression, and propensity score matching (PSM) were used to test the HCC risk among the carvedilol, nadolol, and propranolol groups compared with no beta-blocker group. RESULTS: The final cohort comprised 107 428 eligible patients. The 100-month cumulative HCC incidence of NSBBs was significantly lower than the no beta-blocker group (carvedilol (11.24%) vs no beta-blocker (15.69%), nadolol (27.55%) vs no beta-blocker (32.11%), and propranolol (26.17%) vs no beta-blocker (28.84%) (P values < 0.0001). NSBBs were associated with a significantly lower risk of HCC (Hazard ratio: carvedilol 0.61 (95% CI 0.51-0.73), nadolol 0.74 (95% CI 0.63-0.87), propranolol 0.75 (95% CI 0.66-0.84) after PSM in the multivariate cox analysis. In subgroup analysis, NSBBs reduced the risk of HCC in cirrhosis with complications and non-alcoholic cirrhosis. CONCLUSIONS: NSBBs, including carvedilol, were associated with a significantly decreased risk of HCC in patients with cirrhosis when compared with no beta-blocker regardless of complications status. Future randomised-controlled studies comparing the incidence of HCC among NSBBs should elucidate which NSBB would be the best option to prevent HCC in cirrhosis.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2103056, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302386

RESUMO

Energy harvesting from human motion is regarded as a promising protocol for powering portable electronics, biomedical devices, and smart objects of the Internet of things. However, state-of-the-art mechanical-energy-harvesting devices generally operate at frequencies (>10 Hz) well beyond human activity frequencies. Here, a hydrogel ionic diode formed by the layered structures of anionic and cationic ionomers in hydrogels is presented. As confirmed by finite element analysis, the underlying mechanism of the hydrogel ionic diode involves the formation of the depletion region by mobile cations and anions and the subsequent increase of the built-in potential across the depletion region in response to mechanical pressure. Owing to the enhanced ionic rectification ratio by the embedded carbon nanotube and silver nanowire electrodes, the hydrogel ionic diode exhibits a power density of ≈5 mW cm-2 and a charge density of ≈4 mC cm-2 at 0.01 Hz, outperforming the current energy-harvesting devices by several orders of magnitude. The applications of the self-powered hydrogel ionic diode to tactile sensing, pressure imaging, and touchpads are demonstrated, with sensing limitation is as low as 0.01 kPa. This work is expected to open up new opportunities for ionic-current-based ionotronics in electronics and energy devices.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e2102392, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302399

RESUMO

Polymer dielectrics with excellent processability and high breakdown strength (Eb ) enable the development of high-energy-density capacitors. Although the improvement of dielectric constant (K) of polymer dielectric has been realized by adding high-K inorganic fillers with high contents (>10 vol%), this approach faces significant challenges in scalable film processing. Here, the incorporation of ultralow ratios (<1 vol%) of low-K Cd1- x Znx Se1- y Sy nanodots into a ferroelectric polymer is reported. The polymer composites exhibit substantial and concurrent increase in both K and Eb , yielding a discharged energy density of 26.0 J cm-3 , outperforming the current dielectric polymers and nanocomposites measured at ≤600 MV m-1 . The observed unconventional dielectric enhancement is attributed to the structural changes induced by the nanodot fillers, including transformation of polymer chain conformation and induced interfacial dipoles, which have been confirmed by density function theory calculations. The dielectric model established in this work addresses the limitations of the current volume-average models on the polymer composites with low filler contents and gives excellent agreement to the experimental results. This work provides a new experimental route to scalable high-energy-density polymer dielectrics and also advances the fundamental understanding of the dielectric behavior of polymer nanocomposites at atomistic scales.

4.
J Tissue Viability ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries presently has been a serious healthcare problem all over the world. Children were recognized as the high-risk population of pressure injuries in the latest prevention and treatment of pressure injuries clinical practice guideline. However, the estimates of incidence, and prevalence of pressure injuries in hospitalized children patients vary considerable in relevant published studies. OBJECTIVE: To systematically quantify the incidence and prevalence of pressure injuries (PIs) in hospitalized children and the most affected PIs sites. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Electronic databases searches of the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), and Weipu Database (VIP), and hand-search through references were conducted to find relevant articles. Studies were evaluated independently by two researchers and audited by a third researcher. The data were extracted and presented in tables. The risk of bias was assessed using Hoy's tool. The I2 statistic and random-effects model were used to assess the heterogeneity. Meta-regression analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted to examine between-study heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 6, 672 articles were screened, and 30 studies with 251, 501 participants were ultimately included in this review. The pooled incidence of PIs for 3, 205 children was 13.5% (95% CI: 10.5-16.5); and the pooled prevalence of PIs for 4, 639 children was 12.2% (95% CI: 8.0-16.3). The most affected body sites were occiput, ears, and nose. Meta-regression and subgroup analysis showed that the inpatient ward, and region were the sources of heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and prevalence of PIs was significantly higher than the adults. Our discoveries recommended that healthcare givers ought to pay more consideration to diminish the happens of PIs. Additionally, more research may be needed to improve our understanding of the characteristics of PIs among children and to identify PIs risk factors to prevent and treat it in children effectively.

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2525-2533, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313071

RESUMO

Based on the distribution data of Tricholoma matsutake obtained from field investigation and literature, the ecological-niche factor analysis (ENFA) and the maximum entropy model (MaxEnt) were used to simulate the distribution law and suitable area of T. matsutake in the western Sichuan Plateau. The prediction was made for the future changes in the suitable area of T. matsutake by analyzing the relationship between climate factors and dynamic distribution. The results showed that the area under curve (AUC) values of both the model training set and validation set were greater than 0.90, indicating that the model prediction results were extremely accurate. The environmental variables affecting the potential distribution of T. matsutake were mainly the lowest temperature in the coldest month, the coldest season precipitation, annual temperature difference and soil type, with accumulative contribution of 90.3%. The niche parameters of suitable distribution areas of T. matsutake were as follows: the lowest temperature in the coldest month was -18.5--5.4 ℃, the coldest season precipitation was less than 15.7 mm, the annual temperature difference was 39.5-45 ℃, and soil type was semi-leached soil, including dry red soil, cinnamon soil, gray cinnamon soil, black soil and grey forest soil. The suitable areas of T. matsutake were distributed in the southwest, south, central and east of the plateau at an altitude range of 1900-3600 m. The highly suita-ble areas were mainly distributed in some towns of Yajiang, Xiangcheng, Kangding, Jiulong, Daocheng, Litang, Batang, Danba, Maerkang, Xiaojin, Jinchuan, Lixian, Maoxian, etc. The moderately and lowly suitable areas were located in some towns of Derong, Daofu, Xinlong, Luhuo, Baiyu, Luding, Rangtang, Wenchuan, Heishui, Jiuzhaigou. The highly suitable areas were discontinuously distributed according to the direction of rivers and mountains. The moderately suitable areas were connected with the highly suitable areas, while the lowly suitable areas were the extension of the highly and moderately suitable areas. Future climate change would be beneficial to the growth of T. matsutake on the western Sichuan Plateau, while the climate-suitable areas would show an overall increasing trend. Suitable areas in the low-altitude Minjiang River Basin would be more affected by climate change than those located in high-altitude areas.

6.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a highly selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, which is the main sedative in the intensive care unit. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and adverse events of DEX in maintaining hemodynamic stability in pediatric cardiac surgery. SOURCES: Databases such as PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, WANFANG STATA and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for articles about the application of DEX in maintaining hemodynamic stability during and after pediatric cardiac surgery up to 18th Feb. 2021. Only randomized controlled trials were included and random-effects model meta-analysis was applied to calculate the standardized mean deviation (SMD), odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Fifteen articles were included for this meta-analysis, and 9 articles for qualitative analysis. The results showed that preoperative prophylaxis and postoperative recovery of DEX in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery were effective in maintaining systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and reducing heart rate (HR) (SBP: SMD = -0.35,95% CI: -0.72, 0.01; MAP: SMD = -0.83, 95% CI: -1.87,0.21; DBP: SMD = -0.79,95% CI: -1.66,0.08; HR: SMD = -1.71,95% CI: -2.29, -1.13). In addition, the frequency of Junctional Ectopic Tachycardia in the DEX treatment group was lower than that in the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: The application of DEX for preoperative prophylaxis and postoperative recovery in pediatric cardiac surgery patients are effective in maintaining hemodynamic stability, and the clinical dose of DEX is not significantly related to the occurrence of pediatric adverse events which may be related to individual differences.

7.
Physiol Plant ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309027

RESUMO

Leaf mass per area (LMA) is a key leaf functional trait correlated with plant strategies dictating morphology, physiology, and biochemistry. Although sunlight is generally accepted as a dominant factor driving LMA, the contribution of each spectral region of sunlight in shaping LMA is poorly understood. In the present study, we grew 11 widespread forb species in a common garden and dissected the traits underpinning differences in LMA, such as its morphological components (leaf density (LD), and leaf thickness (LT)), macroelement and metabolite composition under five spectral-attenuation treatments: (1) transmitting c. 95% of the whole solar spectrum (> 280 nm), (2) attenuating ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B), (3) attenuating both UV-A and UV-B radiation, (4) attenuating UV radiation and blue light, (5) attenuating UV radiation, blue, and green light. We found that LMA, LD, and chemical traits varied significantly across species depending on spectral treatments. LMA was significantly increased by UV-B radiation and green light, while LD was increased by UV-A but decreased by blue light. LMA positively correlated with LD across treatments but was only weakly related to LT, suggesting that LD was a better determinate of LMA for this specific treatment. Regarding leaf elemental and metabolite composition, carbon, nitrogen, and total phenolics were all positively correlated with LMA, whereas lignin, non-structural carbohydrates, and soluble sugars had negative relationships with LMA. These trends imply a tradeoff between biomass allocation to structural and metabolically functional components. In conclusion, sunlight can spectrally drive LMA mainly through modifying functional and structural support.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310081

RESUMO

The aim of this meta-analysis was to review systematically and to identify the relationship between the severity and location of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and the degree of cognitive decline in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Ovid, and Cochrane Library databases for clinical trials of the severity and location of WMHs on the degree of cognitive impairment in PD through October 2020. We conducted the survey to compare the association of WMH burden in patients with PD with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) versus those with normal cognition (PD-NC) and in patients with PD with dementia (PDD) versus those with PD without dementia (PD-ND). Nine studies with PD-MCI versus PD-NC and 10 studies with PDD versus PD-ND comparisons were included. The WMH burden in PD-MCI patients was significantly different compared to that in PD-NC patients (standard mean difference, SMD = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.12 to 0.66, p = 0.005), while there was no correlation shown in the age-matched subgroup of the comparison. In addition, PDD patients had a significantly higher burden of WMHs (SMD = 0.8, 95% CI: 0.44 to 1.71, p < 0.0001), especially deep white matter hyperintensities (SMD = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.73, p < 0.00001) and periventricular hyperintensities (SMD = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.36 to 1.04, p < 0.0001), than PD-NC patients, regardless of the adjustment of age. WMHs might be imaging markers for cognitive impairment in PDD but not in PD-MCI, regardless of age, vascular risk factors, or race. Further prospective studies are needed to validate the conclusions.

9.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 359, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We diagnosed a clinical case of pulmonary infection involving Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Tropheryma whipplei in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The diagnosis was assisted by metagenomic next-generation sequencing of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old Han Chinese inmate was transferred to the emergency department because of dry cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The patient's body temperature rose to 39.3 °C following empirical cephalosporin treatment for 1 week. The blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio was 0.7, suggesting immunodeficiency. Routine microbiological tests were performed, and tuberculosis interferon gamma release assays were positive. Mycobacterium tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction was also positive. Chest computed tomography scan revealed miliary nodules and ground-glass opacifications, which were in accordance with tuberculosis. To fully examine the etiology, we performed routine laboratory tests and metagenomic sequencing, the results of which indicated the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Tropheryma whipplei. We administered anti-tuberculosis regimen in combination with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. The patient recovered, with chest computed tomography scan showing absorption of lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with traditional diagnostic methods such as culture and serology, metagenomic next-generation sequencing has the advantage of detecting a wide array of microorganisms in a single test and therefore can be used for clinical diagnosis of rare pathogens and microbial coinfections. It is particularly useful for immunocompromised patients as they are more prone to infection by opportunistic microorganisms.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Adulto , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Tropheryma
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280110

RESUMO

This article is concerned with passivity analysis of neural networks with a time-varying delay. Several techniques in the domain are improved to establish the new passivity criterion with less conservatism. First, a Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional (LKF) is constructed with two general delay-product-type terms which contain any chosen degree of polynomials in time-varying delay. Second, a general convexity lemma without conservatism is developed to address the positive-definiteness of the LKF and the negative-definiteness of its time-derivative. Then, with these improved results, a hierarchical passivity criterion of less conservatism is obtained for neural networks with a time-varying delay, whose size and conservatism vary with the maximal degree of the time-varying delay polynomial in the LKF. It is shown that the conservatism of the passivity criterion does not always reduce as the degree of the time-varying delay polynomial increases. Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the proposed criterion and benchmark against the existing results.

11.
Environ Int ; 156: 106742, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224997

RESUMO

The purpose of this work was to assess population vulnerability to heat-related health risks and its relationship with urbanization levels to provide essential information for the future development and policy-making for climate change adaptation. We constructed a heat vulnerability index (HVI), quantified the population heat vulnerability in each county across China by a principal component analysis (PCA) of multiple factors, and assessed urbanization levels in each county using multisource data. Then, the HVI was validated using the heat-attributable fraction (heat-AF) of nonaccidental mortality based on death monitoring data and meteorological data from 95 counties across China. The results showed that our HVI was significantly positively associated with the heat AF of nonaccidental mortality. A negative correlation was observed between the urbanization level and the HVI. The HVI was generally higher in less urbanized western China and lower in the more urbanized eastern regions. The baseline mortality occupies the top position in the importance ranking of the heat-vulnerability indicators at all three urbanization levels, but the other indicators, including the aging rate, agricultural population rate, education, ethnic structure, economic status, air conditioner ownership rate, and number of hospitals, ranked differently among different urbanization levels. This finding indicates that to reduce population heat vulnerability, the most important approach is to improve the health status of the whole population and reduce baseline mortality; additionally, regional-specific measures and emphasis should be adjusted reasonably along with the process of urbanization according to the characteristics and key factors of local heat vulnerability.

12.
J Virol ; : JVI0046121, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287045

RESUMO

The emergence of the CRISPR-Cas system as a technology has transformed our ability to modify nucleic acids, and the CRISPR-Cas13 system has been used to target RNA. CasRx is a small sized type VI-D effector (Cas13d) with RNA knockdown efficiency that may have an interference effect on RNA viruses. However, the RNA virus-targeting activity of CasRx still needs to be verified in vivo in vertebrates. In this study, we successfully engineered a highly effective CasRx system for fish virus interference. We designed synthetic mRNA coding for CasRx and used CRISPR RNAs to guide it to target the grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV). This technique resulted in significant interference with virus infections both in vitro and in vivo. These results indicate that CRISPR/CasRx can be used to engineer interference against RNA viruses in fish, which provides a potential novel mechanism for RNA-guided immunity against other RNA viruses in vertebrates. Importance RNA viruses are most important viral pathogens infecting vertebrates and mammals. RNA virus populations are highly dynamic due to short generation times, large population sizes, and high mutation frequencies. Therefore, it is difficult to find a widely effective ways to inhibit RNA viruses. Therefore, we urgently need to develop effective antiviral methods. CasRx is a small sized type VI-D effector (Cas13d) with RNA knockdown efficiency that can have an interference effect on RNA viruses. Nervous necrosis virus (NNV), a non-enveloped positive-strand RNA virus, is one of the most serious viral pathogens infecting more than 40 cultured fish species resulting in huge economic losses worldwide. Here, we establish a novel efective CasRx system for RNA virus interference using NNV and grouper (Epinephelus coioices) as model. Our data show that CasRx have the most robust for RNA virus interference applications in fish and demonstrate its suitability for studying key questions relating to virus biology.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 702-706, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study whether there are differences in the resuscitation process and early outcomes between the extremely preterm infants delivered on off-hours (6 pm to 8 am of working days, weekends, and national holidays) and those delivered on working hours. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of extremely preterm infants who were born in the Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020 and transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). According to the time of birth, they were divided into two groups:working hours (n=77) and off-hours (n=98). The resuscitation process and early outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the working hours group, the off-hours group had a significantly lower proportion of infants with the use of full-dose dexamethasone before delivery (P < 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of infants with a 1-minute Apgar score of < 7, positive pressure ventilation, or tracheal intubation (P < 0.05). The incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and intrauterine pneumonia in the off-hours group were significantly higher than those in the working hours group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Extremely preterm infants delivered on off-hours tend to have a low Apgar score at 1 minute after birth, with a higher proportion of infants requiring positive pressure ventilation or tracheal intubation during resuscitation than those delivered on working hours, and they tend to develop neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and intrauterine pneumonia. This suggests that it is important to make adequate preparations in terms of personnel and supplies for resuscitation of extremely preterm infants after birth and that NICUs should develop a detailed management plan for extremely preterm infants at each period of time before, during, and after birth.


Assuntos
Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Ressuscitação , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Mol Neurodegener ; 16(1): 48, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the long-term effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on cognitive function is essential for monitoring the cognitive decline in the elderly population. This study aims to assess the current cognitive status and the longitudinal cognitive decline in elderly patients recovered from COVID-19. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 1539 COVID-19 inpatients aged over 60 years who were discharged from three COVID-19-designated hospitals in Wuhan, China, from February 10 to April 10, 2020. In total, 466 uninfected spouses of COVID-19 patients were selected as controls. The current cognitive status was assessed using a Chinese version of the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status-40 (TICS-40) and the longitudinal cognitive decline was assessed using an Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE). Cognitive assessments were performed 6 months after patient discharge. RESULTS: Compared with controls, COVID-19 patients had lower TICS-40 scores and higher IQCODE scores [TICS-40 median (IQR): 29 (25 to 32) vs. 30 (26 to 33), p < 0.001; IQCODE median (IQR): 3.19 (3.00 to 3.63) vs. 3.06 (3.00 to 3.38), p < 0.001]. Severe COVID-19 patients had lower TICS-40 scores and higher IQCODE scores than non-severe COVID-19 patients [TICS-40 median (IQR): 24 (18 to 28) vs. 30 (26 to 33), p < 0.001; IQCODE median (IQR): 3.63 (3.13 to 4.31) vs. 3.13 (3.00 to 3.56), p < 0.001] and controls [TICS-40 median (IQR): 24 (18 to 28) vs. 30 (26 to 33), p < 0.001; IQCODE median (IQR) 3.63 (3.13 to 4.31) vs. 3.06 (3.00 to 3.38), p < 0.001]. Severe COVID-19 patients had a higher proportion of cases with current cognitive impairment and longitudinal cognitive decline than non-severe COVID-19 patients [dementia: 25 (10.50 %) vs. 9 (0.69 %), p < 0.001; Mild cognitive impairment (MCI): 60 (25.21 %) vs. 63 (4.84 %), p < 0.001] and controls [dementia: 25 (10.50 %) vs. 0 (0 %), p < 0.001; MCI: 60 (25.21 %) vs. 20 (4.29 %), p < 0.001)]. COVID-19 severity, delirium and COPD were risk factors of current cognitive impairment. Low education level, severe COVID-19, delirium, hypertension and COPD were risk factors of longitudinal cognitive decline. CONCLUSIONS: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is associated with an increased risk of long-term cognitive decline in elderly population. COVID-19 patients, especially severe patients, should be intensively monitored for post-infection cognitive decline.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14643, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282194

RESUMO

Plants belonging to family Paeoniaceae are not only economically important ornamental plants but also medicinal plants used as an important source of traditional Chinese medicine. Owing to the complex network evolution and polyploidy evolution of this family, its systematics and taxonomy are controversial and require a detailed investigation. In this study, three complete chloroplast genomes of sect. Paeonia, one of the sections of Paeonia, were sequenced and then analysed together with 16 other published chloroplast genomes of Paeoniaceae species. The total lengths of the chloroplast genomes of these species were 152,153-154,405 bp. A total of 82-87 protein-coding genes, 31-40 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes were annotated. Bioinformatics analysis revealed 61-74 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in the chloroplast genomes, most of which have A/T base preference. Codon usage analysis showed that A/U-ending codons were more positive than C/G-ending codons, and a slight bias in codon usage was observed in these species. A comparative analysis of these 19 species of Paeoniaceae was then conducted. Fourteen highly variable regions were selected for species relationship study. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the species of sect. Paeonia gathered in one branch and then divided into different small branches. P. lactiflora, P. anomala, P. anomala subsp. veitchii and P. mairei clustered together. P. intermedia was related to P. obovata and P. obovata subsp. willmottiae. P. emodi was the sister to all other species in the sect. Paeonia.

16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 117: 53-61, 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284109

RESUMO

Vaccination is the most effective way to control the grass carp haemorrhagic disease (GCHD) with the primary pathogen grass carp reovirus genotype II (GCRV-II). However, due to the large difference in breeding conditions and unclear genetic background of grass carp, the results of the experiment were not reliable, which further hinders the effective prevention and control of GCHD. The rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) is highly sensitive to GCRV. Its small size, easy feeding, transparent egg membrane, and annual spawning are in line with the necessary conditions for an experimental aquatic animals culture object. In this study, immunogenicity and protective effects of attenuated and inactivated viruses for grass carp and rare minnow were evaluated in parallel. The expression of immune-related genes increased statistically significant after immunization. With the rise of specific serum antibody titers, the results of rare minnow and grass carp were consistent. In addition, there was no significant residue of adjuvant observed in both fish species injected with an adjuvanted and inactivated virus. Challenge of immunized grass carp and rare minnow with the isolate HuNan1307 resulted in protection rates of 95.8% and 92.6% for attenuated virus, 81.4% and 77.7% for inactivated virus, respectively, as well as the viral load changed consistently. The results indicated that rare minnow can be used as a model for evaluation of experimental vaccines against GCHD.

17.
J Child Neurol ; : 8830738211016253, 2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) manifestations of fetal corpus callosum abnormalities and discussed their prognosis based on the results of postnatal follow up. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five fetuses were diagnosed with corpus callosum abnormalities by MRI at our hospital from 2004 to 2019. Gesell Development Scales were used to evaluate the prognosis of corpus callosum abnormalities after birth. RESULTS: Corpus callosum abnormalities were diagnosed in 149 fetuses from singleton pregnancies, and 6 pairs of twins, 1 in each pair is a corpus callosum abnormality. Twenty-seven cases (27/155) were lost to follow up, whereas 128 cases (128/155) were followed up. Of these, 101 cases were induced for labor, whereas 27 cases were born naturally. Among the 27 cases of corpus callosum abnormality after birth, 22 cases were from singleton pregnancies (22/27). Moreover, 1 twin from each of 5 pairs of twins (5/27) demonstrated corpus callosum abnormalities. The average Gesell Development Scale score was 87.1 in 19 cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum and 74.9 in 3 cases of hypoplasia of the corpus callosum. Among the 5 affected twins, 2 had severe neurodevelopmental delay, 2 had mild neurodevelopmental delay, and 1 was premature and died. CONCLUSION: The overall prognosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum is good in singleton pregnancies. Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum is often observed with other abnormalities, and the development quotient of hypoplasia of the corpus callosum is lower compared with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Corpus callosum abnormalities may occur in one twin, in whom the risk may be increased.

18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. The first set consisted of Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guilai (ST 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI4) and Baihui (GV 20), and the second set consisted of Tianshu (ST 25), ST 29, CV 3, CV 6, SP 6, Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC) 6 and GV 20. Patients in the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods through EA without electricity at 4 non-meridian points in each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin release test, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators such as total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), adiponectin, leptin, visfatin, resistin, and interleukin (IL-6). RESULTS: Twenty-six subjects in the true acupuncture group and 20 subjects in the sham group completed the clinical trial. After 16 weeks of treatment, no significant difference in the outcome measures were observed between the two groups (P>0.05). However, as compared with baseline data, a reduction in weight, BMI, hipline, WHR, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity, visfatin and HDL-C, and an increase in resistin and IL-6 were observed in the true acupuncture group (P<0.05). In addition, a reduction in visfatin and an increase in TC were also observed in the sham group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of PCOS by improving glucose and lipid metabolism. Moreover, the sham acupuncture may be not completely ineffective. Sham acupuncture may improve some of the aspects of the glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients through a placebo effect. (Registration Nos. ChiCTR-TRC-12002529 and NCT01812161).

19.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205583

RESUMO

In this study, we explore a new method based on color variation data to derive the kinetics of the entire process of the hydration of alkali-activated slag (AAS). Using this image analysis technique, we can monitor the induction period that cannot be observed using conventional microcalorimetry techniques. Color variation was recorded across a sequence of 9999 images, which were processed via MATLAB software package. Further, an average pixel value (APV) was determined to represent the color in each image. Reaction parameters, such as color variation velocity v(t), reaction speed ε(t), and hydration degree α(t), that govern the entire hydration process were determined. On the basis of the reaction parameters and a Krstulovic-Dabic kinetic model, integral and differential equations were derived to simulate the three basic processes of AAS hydration. Equations describing the reaction kinetics of AAS with solutions of three different concentrations of NaOH were extracted using this method.

20.
J Mol Model ; 27(7): 215, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196847

RESUMO

A large number of experiments show that PtCu catalyst has a good catalytic effect on methanol decomposition. Therefore, density functional theory (DFT) was used to further study the dehydrogenation of methanol catalyzed by PtnCum (n = 1-3, m = 0-2). The energy diagrams of O-adsorption path and H-adsorption path were drawn. By calculation, the Pt is the active site of the whole reaction process, and the barrier energy of the rate-determining step is 11.09 kcal mol-1 by Pt2Cu, which is lower than that of Pt3 and PtCu2. However, the complete dehydrogenation product of methanol, CO, is easier to dissociate from PtCu2 clusters than from Pt3 and Pt2Cu clusters. Therefore, Cu doping can improve the catalytic activity and anti-CO toxicity of Pt to a certain extent.

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