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1.
Regen Biomater ; 9: rbac054, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072266

RESUMO

Peri-implant epithelial sealing is the first line of defense against external pathogens or stimuli; hence, an essential process to prevent peri-implantitis. Laminin 332 (LN332) is the main component of the internal basal lamina and participates in peri-implant epithelial sealing by forming hemidesmosomes (HDs) with integrin α6ß4. In this work, poly (D, L-lactide) (PDLLA)-LN332 composite coating was successfully constructed by a method similar to layer-by-layer assembly, displaying staged LN332 release for as long as 28 days. The PDLLA-LN332 composite coating can activate the intracellular PI3K-Akt pathway via binding to cellular integrin α6ß4, which can promote adhesion, migration and proliferation of HaCaT cells and further enhance the expression of keratinocyte HD-related molecules, including integrin α6ß4, LN332 and plectin. Furthermore, the PDLLA-LN332 composite coating can promote the adhesion, spreading and proliferation of gingival mesenchymal stem cells and accelerate their epithelial differentiation. Therefore, the PDLLA-LN332 composite coating can enhance implant soft tissue sealing, warranting further in vivo study.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 241: 113826, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068753

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a chronic, inflammatory, estrogen-dependent gynecological disease characterized by the growth of endometrial stromal cells and glands outside the uterine cavity in response to hormones, which commonly occurs in reproductive-age women. Zearalenone (ZEA) is a toxic metabolite produced by Fusarium, which acts as estrogen activity because of the similarity of its structure to estrogen. In this study, we used an endometriosis mouse model: 15 days after ovariectomy, endometrial fragments were sutured on the pelvic wall, and exogenous estrogen was supplied using an estrogen-releasing silicone tube embedded subcutaneously. Mice were treated with different doses of ZEA by gavage for 21 days. The results show that ZEA significantly inhibited the growth of ectopic endometrium in a dose-dependent manner. The proliferation of cells decreased while apoptosis increased in the ectopic tissues of ZEA-treated mice compared to the vehicle group. The expression of estrogen receptor-α and its downstream targets MUC1 and p-AKT decreased, indicating an impaired estrogen signaling activity by ZEA treatment. In addition, the decreased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine Tnf-α, Il-1ß, and Il-6, the lower number of macrophages and neutrophils cells, and the inhibited NF-κB signaling pathway suggest the inflammatory response in the ectopic endometrium was also suppressed by ZEA treatment. However, when the exogenous estrogen supply is removed, ZEA, in turn, plays an estrogen-like role that promotes cell proliferation in the ectopic endometrium. In summary, our data suggest ZEA acts as an antagonist in endometriotic tissue when estrogen is sufficient but turns to estrogenic activity in the absence of estrogen in the development of endometriosis. ZEA also inhibits ectopic tissue growth by inhibiting inflammatory response in the endometriosis model.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Zearalenona , Animais , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Estrogênios/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , Zearalenona/toxicidade
3.
Clin Spine Surg ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070767

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A 3D-CT Study. OBJECTIVE: To research the feasibility and advantages of screw corridors parallel to the sagittal plane (SPC) of the C2 for transpedicular fixation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A total of 125 patients were enrolled for analysis, and the 3D model of the C2 for the 125 patients were reconstructed and analyzed. METHODS: The SPC screw and the corridor of the general pedicle (GPC) screw of both sides were inserted into these C2 models. The anatomic parameters of the SPC and GPC, including the inner circle diameter, length of the corridors, medial angle and cephalad angle, were measured and compared. The anatomic location of the entry point for the SPC screw was evaluated. RESULTS: The diameter of the SPC averaged 5.5±1.8 mm; 81.2% (203/250) were larger than 4 mm. There was no significant difference between the SPC and GPC in diameter or percentage of diameter greater than 4 mm. There was a significant difference between the length of the SPC (25.3±2.4 mm) and the GPC (27.4±2.2 mm). The cephalad angle was 51.6±6.9° for the SPC and 43.3±4.4° for the GPC, and there was a significant difference between the SPC and GPC. The entry point of the SPC screw was located on the cortical crest at the lower 1/4 of the lamina and located to the lower and inner side of the GPC screw entry point. CONCLUSION: It is feasible for most patients to accommodate an SPC screw with a diameter of 3.5 mm. All SPC screws crossed the pedicle completely. The optimal entry point of the SPC screw was located on the cortical crest of the axial lamina.

4.
J Clin Immunol ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050429

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize clinical effects and biomarkers in three patients with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) caused by gain-of-function (GOF) mutations in the STAT1 gene during treatment with Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors. METHODS: Mass cytometry (CyTOF) was used to characterize mononuclear leukocyte populations and Olink assay to quantify 265 plasma proteins. Flow-cytometric Assay for Specific Cell-mediated Immune-response in Activated whole blood (FASCIA) was used to quantify the reactivity against Candida albicans. RESULTS: Overall, JAK inhibitors improved clinical symptoms of CMC, but caused side effects in two patients. Absolute numbers of neutrophils, T cells, B cells, and NK cells were sustained during baricitinib treatment. Detailed analysis of cellular subsets, using CyTOF, revealed increased expression of CD45, CD52, and CD99 in NK cells, reflecting a more functional phenotype. Conversely, monocytes and eosinophils downregulated CD16, consistent with reduced inflammation. Moreover, T and B cells showed increased expression of activation markers during treatment. In one patient with a remarkable clinical effect of baricitinib treatment, the immune response to C. albicans increased after 7 weeks of treatment. Alterations in plasma biomarkers involved downregulation of cellular markers CXCL10, annexin A1, granzyme B, granzyme H, and oncostatin M, whereas FGF21 was the only upregulated marker after 7 weeks. After 3 months, IFN-É£ and CXCL10 were downregulated. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical effect of JAK inhibitor treatment of CMC is promising. Several biological variables were altered during baricitinib treatment demonstrating that lymphocytes, NK cells, monocytes, and eosinophils were affected. In parallel, cellular reactivity against C. albicans was enhanced.

5.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 842-847, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082715

RESUMO

Objective Mice were immunized with purified virus inhibitory protein endoplasmic reticulum associated interferon inducible (viperin) to prepare polyclonal antibody and identify specificity. Methods BALB/c mice were injected with duck tembusu virus to generate viperin in mouse brain by intracranial injection. Viperin gene, cloned from mouse brain tissue by reverse transcription PCR, was inserted into pGEX-6p-1 prokaryotic expression vector and transformed into E. coli Rosetta. The recombinant viperin protein was induced by isopropyl thiogalactoside (IPTG) and its solubility was analyzed. The protein was purified by potassium chloride (KCl) staining and gel cutting method. Polyclonal antibody was prepared by immunizing mice with purified recombinant viperin protein subcutaneously through abdomen, and the titer of polyclonal antibody was determined by indirect ELISA. Western blot analysis and indirect fluorescence assay (IFA) were used to detect the transient expression of viperin protein in BHK-21 cells to identify the specificity and sensitivity of the prepared polyclonal antibody against viperin protein. Results The mouse viperin gene was successfully cloned and the viperin protein was expressed. The titer of the prepared anti-viperin polyclonal antibody reached 1:25 600. The mouse anti-viperin polyclonal antibody could specifically recognize the transient expression of viperin protein in BHK-21 cells. Conclusion Mouse polyclonal antibody against viperin protein with high specificity and sensitivity was successfully prepared.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Proteína Viperina , Animais , Anticorpos , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Interferons , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
6.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095052

RESUMO

Cermet is an important composite composed of ceramics and metals, which has widespread engineering applications but is notoriously known for its poor ductility. This work synthesizes freestanding cermet nanosheets through the reaction of high entropy alloy nanocrystals with the molecular structure of poly-vinyl alcohol, which results in a unique nanostructure consisting of metallic nanocrystals surrounded by complex amorphous ceramics. Atomic force microscopy indentation shows that such a high entropy alloy derived cermet is strong and tough at ambient temperature with a superb strength (∼3.2 GPa) and excellent ductility (∼50%), therefore overcoming the long-standing issue of brittleness facing conventional cermets.

7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14048, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076001

RESUMO

Despite a variety of studies on the tropical cyclone (TC) response to climate change, few of them have examined the projected damages of future TCs. Here we quantify the impact of anthropogenic warming on TC-induced damages in the late twenty-first century along the coasts of Southeast China based on convection-permitting TC simulations and machine-learning-based damage models. We found that if the area's 10 super typhoons between 2013 and 2019 were to occur at the end of the century under the high emissions RCP8.5 scenario, they would have on average a 12% ± 4% increase in landfall intensity, 25% ± 23% increase in precipitation, and 128% ± 70% increase in economic losses, compared to historical simulations. We also found a significant increase in the full risk profile. The estimated typhoon loss with a 50-year return period for Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, and Hainan (four most typhoon-prone provinces among the seven provinces in the region) would increase by 71%, 170%, 20%, and 85%, respectively, towards the end of the century even under the lower emissions RCP4.5 pathway. Our findings imply the need to design effective local hazard mitigation measures to reduce future typhoon risks.


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , China , Mudança Climática , Previsões
8.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(9): 1549-1553, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124180

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of HLX04-O, an investigational ophthalmic formulation of HLX04 (bevacizumab biosimilar) for intravitreal injection, as a treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) in a phase 1/2 clinical trial (NCT04993352). METHODS: Eligible patients with wAMD were enrolled to receive HLX04-O intravitreal injections at a dose of 1.25 mg/0.05 mL every four weeks. Efficacy and adverse events were evaluated every month during study visits. RESULTS: A 76-year-old male with wAMD in his left eye participated in the trial and completed six cycles of HLX04-O intravitreal injections. Changes were observed in macular center point thickness (baseline vs last study visit, 437 vs 255 µm) and best-corrected visual acuity letter score (baseline vs last study visit, 36 vs 77) of the affected eye, which indicated an improvement in wAMD over treatment. No adverse events were reported by the data cutoff date. CONCLUSION: HLX04-O at 1.25 mg/0.05 mL every four weeks is well tolerated in this patient, demonstrating promising safety and efficacy in wAMD treatment. Large-scale studies are required to confirm the outcomes.

9.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(8): 1678-1691, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090634

RESUMO

Background: Limited efficacy and poor prognosis are common in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). An accurate and useful nomogram helps the clinician predict the prognosis of the patients. However, there has been no previous report on the nomogram specially for predicting the overall survival (OS) of metastatic NSCLC patients. Methods: A total of 18,343 patients diagnosed with metastatic NSCLC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included and divided into the training cohort (n=12,840) and the internal validation cohort (n=5,503), and 242 patients in Renji Hospital were additionally enrolled as the external validation cohort. Demographical, clinical, and OS data were collected. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to develop a nomogram based on the training cohort. To validate the nomogram, we applied C-indexes, calibration curves, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, decision curve analysis (DCA), and a Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Results: The multivariate Cox regression model found that there were a total of 16 independent risk factors for OS of the patients (all 16 factors showed P<0.001), which were integrated into the nomogram with a C-index of 0.702 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.684-0.720]. The nomogram also exhibited good prognostic value in the internal validation cohort (C-index =0.699, 95% CI: 0.673-0.725) and external validation cohort (C-index =0.695, 95% CI: 0.653-0.737). The ROC and Kaplan-Meier survival curve analyses demonstrated a high discriminative ability. High-risk patients had significantly less favorable OS than low-risk patients in the SEER population and external validation cohort (both P<0.001). The DCA analysis showed that the nomogram provided better prognosis prediction than the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system. Conclusions: We constructed and validated a dynamic nomogram with 16 variables based on a large-scale population of SEER database to predict the prognosis of metastatic NSCLC patients. The nomogram is expected to provide higher predictive ability and accuracy than the TNM staging system.

10.
Cancer Sci ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114745

RESUMO

Oncogene-derived metabolic reprogramming is important for anabolic growth of cancer cells, which is now considered not to be simply rely on glycolysis and passively caused by mitochondrial damage. The present work focused on gankyrin, a relatively specific oncogene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and its impact on glycolysis and mitochondrial homeostasis. Metabolomics, RNA-seq analysis and subsequent conjoint analysis illustrated that gankyrin regulated pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and mitochondrial function and homeostasis, which process pivotal roles in tumor development. Mechanistically, gankyrin was found to modulate HCC metabolic reprogramming via TIGAR. Gankyrin positively regulated the transcription of TIGAR through Nrf2, which bound to the antioxidant response elements (AREs) in the promoter of TIGAR. Interestingly, TIGAR feedback regulated the transcription of Nrf2 and subsequently gankyrin by promoting nuclear importation of PGC1α. The loop between gankyrin, Nrf2 and TIGAR accelerated glucose metabolism toward PPP and TCA cycle, which provided vital building blocks, such as NADPH, ATP and ribose of tumor and further facilitated progression of HCC.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 977586, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091674

RESUMO

Purpose: This research aims to study the corneal morphological changes in adult patients with myopic anisometropia after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and the safety, efficacy, and predictability of clinical outcomes. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study. Patients with myopic anisometropia [refractive difference >2.0 diopters (D)] were included in this study who underwent SMILE at our hospital from September 2019 to March 2021. For the two eyes of each patient, the one with higher myopia was defined as group A, and the fellow eye was group B. The follow-up time points were set as 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the surgery. The data collected were uncorrected and best-corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA and CDVA), spherical equivalent (SE), efficacy and safety indexes, posterior corneal elevation (PCE), anterior and posterior corneal radius of curvature in the 3 mm area at the center of the thinnest point of the cornea (ARC and PRC), and higher-order aberrations (HOAs). Results: The study included 36 patients (72 eyes), and the mean age was 25.2 ± 6.4 years. The preoperative SEs were -6.45 ± 1.25 D in group A and -3.76 ± 1.29 D in group B. Six months after surgery, the SEs in groups A and B were -0.09 ± 0.50 D and 0.07 ± 0.47 (P = 0.059), respectively. The efficacy indexes were 1.06 ± 0.16 in group A and 1.07 ± 0.14 in group B (P = 0.750). The safety indexes were 1.08 ± 0.14 in group A and 1.12 ± 0.15 in group B (P = 0.173). The PCE was significantly reduced at 6 months after surgery in pagebreak both groups (P < 0.05). The ARC was significantly higher than before the surgery (P < 0.05) in the two groups. The two groups showed significant increases in total HOAs, coma 90°, and spherical aberrations (P < 0.05). Conclusion: SMILE is predictable, effective, and safe in correcting myopic anisometropia. The postoperative changes in HOAs are characteristic.

12.
PeerJ ; 10: e14033, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128191

RESUMO

Background: Calcium oxalate (CaOx) is the most common type of kidney stone, but the mechanism of CaOx stones formation remains unclear. The injury of renal cells such as ferroptosis and autophagy has been considered a basis for stones formation. Methods: We conducted transmission electron microscope (TEM), reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and C11-BODIPY analysis to explore whether CaOx could induce autophagy-dependent ferroptosis in vivo and in vitro. To explore the possible mechanism, we conducted bioinformatic analysis of patients with or without CaOx stones, Western blot and qPCR were used to identify the different genes we found in bioinformatic analysis. Results: In our study, we found that CaOx could induce autophagy-dependent ferroptosis no matter in vivo or in vitro, which might finally lead to urolithiasis. Bioinformatic analysis of the GSE73680 dataset indicated that the expression of caveolin-1 (CAV1) was higher in control patients than CaOx stone patients, the STRING database indicated that CAV1 might interact with low density lipoprotein receptro-related protein 6 (LRP6), Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) showed that the WNT pathway positively associated with the control group while negatively related to the stone group, and LRP6 was the core gene of the WNT pathway. Western blot found that CAV1, LRP6, and Wnt/ß-Catenin were decreased in Human Kidney2 (HK2) cells stimulated with CaOx. Furthermore, the WNT pathway was considered to be involved in autophagy and ferroptosis. Conclusions: We presumed that CAV1 could ameliorate autophagy-dependent ferroptosis through the LRP6/Wnt/ß-Catenin axis, and finally alleviate CaOx stone formation.

13.
RSC Adv ; 12(38): 24734-24742, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128369

RESUMO

The free volume effects on the dielectric properties of the polymer are ambiguous, and the quantitative effect of free volume on the dielectric properties has rarely been systematically studied, especially in the high-elastic state dipolar (HESD) polymer. In this work, the free volume of dipolar poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) is regulated by the addition of Al2O3, which greatly increase the size of free volume holes. Then the effect of free volume on the dielectric properties of PVDF/Al2O3 composites is discussed. The greatly enlarged size of free volume holes is believed to potentially generate disparate effects on dielectric constant under different frequencies in such kinds of HESD polymer-based composites, bringing about more remarkable frequency dependence of the dielectric constant. The influence of atomic-scale microstructure based on free volume further clarifies the free volume effects on the dielectric properties and provides valuable insights for the research of dielectric behaviour of polymer composites, which is constructive to design novel dielectric materials and further optimize the dielectric properties of dipolar dielectric polymer composites.

14.
Food Chem ; 401: 134065, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116302

RESUMO

In the study, Cu2-xSe-Au nanoparticles (CSA) with a photothermal conversion efficiency of 60.78 % at 808 nm were applied to the construction of thermal analysis immunochromatographic test strips for the highly sensitive quantitative detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in grain. The CSA was coupled with the AFB1 antibody to form a photothermal sensor probe by physical adsorption. The constructed immunosensor exhibited high sensitivity and a wide linear range from 0.01 to 10 µg/L in PBS. The detection limits of 0.00842 µg/L based on the thermal analysis was significantly improved by 11.88-fold compared with colorimetric results. No cross-reaction with the other mycotoxins was found except for aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin M1, aflatoxin G1 and aflatoxin G2. Applied to analysize grain sample, the method achieved the detection of AFB1 ranging from 0.16 to 160 µg/kg.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116597

RESUMO

The Ascaridoidea family and Heterakoidea family are the most common and typical representative of large parasites. Although our understanding of these parasites' diversity has expanded by analyses of some mitochondrial genes, there is limited information on these species' evolutionary rates. Here we determined ten complete mitogenome sequences of five subfamilies of Ascaridoidea and one subfamily of Heterakoidea. The phylogenetic tree divided the Ascaridoidea into six monophyletic major clades, and the divergence time of Heterakoidea family and Ascaridoidea family can be placed during the early Carboniferous Period (300-360 Mya). The reconstruction of the ancestral state showed that the gene orders of all species in Ascaridoidea were conserved, and the Heterakoidea had obvious genome rearrangement. The conserved blocks between them were divided into five and the main types are tandem-duplication/random loss (TDRL). These results will help to better understand the gene rearrangements and evolutionary position of ascaris species.

16.
Adv Mater ; : e2206685, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120849

RESUMO

In transition-metal-oxide heterostructures, the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is a powerful tool for detecting the magnetic state and revealing intriguing interfacial magnetic orderings. However, achieving a larger AHE at room temperature in oxide heterostructures is still challenging due to the dilemma of mutually strong spin-orbit coupling and magnetic exchange interactions. Here, we exploit the Ru doping-enhanced AHE in La2/3 Sr1/3 Mn1-x Rux O3 epitaxial films. As the B-site Ru doping level increases up to 20%, the anomalous Hall resistivity at room temperature can be enhanced from nΩ∙cm to µΩ∙cm scale. Ru doping leads to strong competition between ferromagnetic double-exchange interaction and antiferromagnetic super-exchange interaction. The resultant spin frustration and spin-glass state facilitate a strong skew-scattering process, thus significantly enhancing the extrinsic AHE. Our findings could pave a feasible approach for boosting the controllability and reliability of oxide-based spintronic devices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121955

RESUMO

This article investigates the problem of command-filtered event-triggered adaptive fuzzy neural network (FNN) output feedback control for stochastic nonlinear systems (SNSs) with time-varying asymmetric constraints and input saturation. By constructing quartic asymmetric time-varying barrier Lyapunov functions (TVBLFs), all the state variables are not to transgress the prescribed dynamic constraints. The command-filtered backstepping method and the error compensation mechanism are combined to eliminate the issue of "computational explosion" and compensate the filtering errors. An FNN observer is developed to estimate the unmeasured states. The event-triggered mechanism is introduced to improve the efficiency in resource utilization. It is shown that the tracking error can converge to a small neighborhood of the origin, and all signals in the closed-loop systems are bounded. Finally, a physical example is used to verify the feasibility of the theoretical results.

18.
Lipids Health Dis ; 21(1): 88, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although dyslipidaemia may have a crucial impact on cardiovascular health in adults, there is a lack of specific data in transitional-age youth. Therefore, this study attempted to evaluate the association of dyslipidaemia with fat-to-muscle ratio (FMR), and establish FMR thresholds for diagnosing dyslipidaemia in transitional-age youth. METHODS: One thousand six hundred sixty individuals aged 16 to 24 years from the baseline of a subcohort in the Northwest China Natural Population Cohort: Ningxia Project were analysed. Anthropometric characteristics were gauged by a bioelectrical impedance analyser, and dyslipidaemia components were measured using a Beckman AU480 chemistry analyser. Additionally, this study used logistic regression to estimate the risk of dyslipidaemia based on FMR quintiles, and calculate the gender-specific ideal cut-off values of dyslipidaemia and its components by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Of the 1660 participants, aged 19.06 ± 1.14 years, 558 males and 1102 females. The prevalence of dyslipidaemia was 13.4% and was significantly associated with FMR quintiles among all participants (P < 0.05). The ideal values of FMR in diagnosing dyslipidaemia were 0.2224 for males and 0.4809 for females, while males had a higher AUC than females (0.7118 vs. 0.6656). Meanwhile, high FMR values were significantly associated with adverse outcomes of dyslipidaemia, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridaemia (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The FMR was positively correlated with the prevalence of dyslipidaemia. The FMR can be used as an effective body composition index for diagnosing dyslipidaemia, especially in males, and preventive strategies should be initiated in transitional-age youth to decrease obesity-related dyslipidaemia.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(37): e30651, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123863

RESUMO

This retrospective study aimed to explore the effects of goal-oriented nursing intervention (GONI) on postpartum depression (PPD). We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 72 women with PPD. They were allocated to a treatment group (n = 36, exercise plus GONI) or a control group (n = 36, exercise). Patients in both groups received a total of 3 months of treatment. Outcomes included the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17) total score, HAMD-17 response rate (≥50% score reduction), HAMD-17 remission rate (score ≤ 7), and adverse events. Outcomes were analyzed before and after 3-month of treatment. After treatment, patients in the treatment group achieved more effective outcomes in the HADM-17 total score (P < .01), HADM-17 response rate (P < .01), HADM-17 remission rate (P < .01) than those in the control group. Regarding safety, the medical records of both the groups did not report any adverse events. The results of this study showed that GONI and exercise had more effects in patients with PPD. Further prospective studies are required to validate our findings.

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