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1.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584216

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare and aggressive myeloid malignancy associated with a poor prognosis. Although allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has emerged as a potential treatment strategy for BPDCN, standardized conditioning regimens remain lacking. In this manuscript, we present two cases of BPDCN that were treated with a thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (TBF)-based conditioning regimen prior to allo-HSCT. Both cases demonstrated complete remission post-transplantation, sustained donor chimerism, and remission maintenance, suggesting the potential efficacy of the TBF conditioning regimen for BPDCN transplantation. Given the small sample size in our study, we emphasize caution and advocate for larger studies to confirm the efficacy of TBF in the treatment of BPDCN.

2.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 166, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557801

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of various treatment modalities in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) who underwent cataract surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and CNKI databases up to December 22, 2021. The safety and efficacy of treatment modalities were assessed using the risk ratio (RR) to compare the progression of DR and the mean difference to evaluate the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and macular thickness (MT). RESULTS: The meta-analysis of the RCTs revealed that anti-VEGF (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) drugs significantly reduced the progression of DR [RR: 0.37 (95%CI 0.19, 0.70), P = 0.002] and improved BCVA [mean difference = - 0.06 (- 0.12, - 0.01), P = 0.03] in patients with pre-existing DR who underwent cataract surgery. Steroid drugs also showed a significant reduction in macular thickness [mean difference = - 55.63 (- 90.73, - 20.53), I2 = 56%, P = 0.002] in DR patients two weeks after cataract surgery compared to the control group. The safety profiles of different management options did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis suggests that anti-VEGF drugs can effectively slow down the progression of diabetic retinopathy, improve BCVA, and reduce MT in DR patients who underwent cataract surgery. Steroid drugs also show promise in reducing MT. However, further studies with larger sample sizes are required to compare the efficacy and safety of different management options in a multi-center clinical setting.


Assuntos
Catarata , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Edema Macular , Humanos , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Ranibizumab/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Edema Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/uso terapêutico
3.
J Gene Med ; 26(4): e3684, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is one of the most common digestive tract malignancies. Although immunotherapy has brought new hope to colon cancer patients, there is still a large proportion of patients who do not benefit from immunotherapy. Studies have shown that neutrophils can interact with immune cells and immune factors to affect the prognosis of patients. METHODS: We first determined the infiltration level of neutrophils in tumors using the CIBERSORT algorithm and identified key genes in the final risk model by Spearman correlation analysis and subsequent Cox analysis. The risk score of each patient was obtained by multiplying the Cox regression coefficient and the gene expression level, and patients were divided into two groups based on the median of risk score. Differences in overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and model accuracy was validated in independent dataset. Differences in immune infiltration and immunotherapy were evaluated by immunoassay. Finally, immunohistochemistry and western blotting were performed to verify the expression of the three genes in the colon normal and tumor tissues. RESULTS: We established and validated a risk scoring model based on neutrophil-related genes in two independent datasets, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, with SLC11A1 and SLC2A3 as risk factors and MMP3 as a protective factor. A new nomogram was constructed and validated by combining clinical characteristics and the risk score model to better predict patients OS and PFS. Immune analysis showed that patients in the high-risk group had immune cell infiltration level, immune checkpoint level and tumor mutational burden, and were more likely to benefit from immunotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: The low-risk group showed better OS and PFS than the high-risk group in the neutrophil-related gene-based risk model. Patients in the high-risk group presented higher immune infiltration levels and tumor mutational burden and thus may be more responsive to immunotherapy.

4.
ACS Cent Sci ; 10(2): 417-425, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435515

RESUMO

Disialosyl globopentaosylceramide (DSGb5) is a tumor-associated complex glycosphingolipid. However, the accessibility of structurally well-defined DSGb5 for precise biological functional studies remains challenging. Herein, we describe the first total synthesis of DSGb5 glycolipid by an efficient chemoenzymatic approach. A Gb5 pentasaccharide-sphingosine was chemically synthesized by a convergent and stereocontrolled [2 + 3] method using an oxazoline disaccharide donor to exclusively form ß-anomeric linkage. After investigating the substrate specificity of different sialyltransferases, regio- and stereoselective installment of two sialic acids was achieved by two sequential enzyme-catalyzed reactions using α2,3-sialyltransferase Cst-I and α2,6-sialyltransferase ST6GalNAc5. A unique aspect of the approach is that methyl-ß-cyclodextrin-assisted enzymatic α2,6-sialylation of glycolipid substrate enables installment of the challenging internal α2,6-linked sialoside to synthesize DSGb5 glycosphingolipid. Surface plasmon resonance studies indicate that DSGb5 glycolipid exhibits better binding affinity for Siglec-7 than the oligosaccharide moiety of DSGb5. The binding results suggest that the ceramide moiety of DSGb5 facilitates its binding by presenting multivalent interactions of glycan epitope for the recognition of Siglec-7.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6050, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480798

RESUMO

Effective drugs for the treatment of gastric cancer (GC) are still lacking. Nortriptyline Hydrochloride (NTP), a commonly used antidepressant medication, has been demonstrated by numerous studies to have antitumor effects. This study first validated the ability of NTP to inhibit GC and preliminarily explored its underlying mechanism. To begin with, NTP inhibits the activity of AGS and HGC27 cells (Human-derived GC cells) in a dose-dependent manner, as well as proliferation, cell cycle, and migration. Moreover, NTP induces cell apoptosis by upregulating BAX, BAD, and c-PARP and downregulating PARP and Bcl-2 expression. Furthermore, the mechanism of cell death caused by NTP is closely related to oxidative stress. NTP increases intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, decreasing the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and inducing glucose (GSH) consumption. While the death of GC cells can be partially rescued by ROS inhibitor N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Mechanistically, NTP activates the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (Keap1)-NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway, which is an important pathway involved in oxidative stress. RNA sequencing and proteomics analysis further revealed molecular changes at the mRNA and protein levels and provided potential targets and pathways through differential gene expression analysis. In addition, NTP can inhibited tumor growth in nude mouse subcutaneous tumor models constructed respectively using AGS and MFC (mouse-derived GC cells), providing preliminary evidence of its effectiveness in vivo. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that NTP exhibits significant anti-GC activity and is anticipated to be a candidate for drug repurposing.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Nortriptilina/farmacologia , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Apoptose
6.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; : 100749, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513890

RESUMO

Chemoimmunotherapy has evolved as a standard treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC). However, inevitable drug resistance has limited its efficacy, highlighting the urgent need for biomarkers of chemoimmunotherapy. A three-phase strategy to discover, verify, and validate longitudinal predictive autoantibodies (AAbs) for aNSCLC before and after chemoimmunotherapy was employed. A total of 528 plasma samples from 267 aNSCLC patients before and after anti-PD1 immunotherapy were collected, plus 30 independent formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples. Candidate AAbs were firstly selected using a HuProtTM high-density microarray containing 21,000 proteins in the discovery phase, followed by validation using an aNSCLC-focused microarray. Longitudinal predictive AAbs were chosen for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on responders versus non-responders comparison and progression-free survival (PFS) survival analysis. Prognostic markers were also validated using immunohistochemistry and publicly available immunotherapy datasets. We identified and validated a panel of two AAbs (MAX and DHX29) as pre-treatment biomarkers and another panel of two AAbs (MAX and TAPBP) as on-treatment predictive markers in aNSCLC patients undergoing chemoimmunotherapy. All three AAbs exhibited a positive correlation with early responses and PFS (p < 0.05). The kinetics of MAX AAb showed an increasing trend in responders (p < 0.05) and a tendency to initially increase and then decrease in non-responders (p < 0.05). Importantly, MAX protein and mRNA levels effectively discriminated PFS (p < 0.05) in aNSCLC patients treated with immunotherapy. Our results present a longitudinal analysis of changes in prognostic AAbs in aNSCLC patients undergoing chemoimmunotherapy.

7.
Brain Res Bull ; 209: 110921, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447659

RESUMO

Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) have emerged as pivotal structures for intercellular communication, enabling the transfer of cellular components across distant cells. Their involvement in neurological disorders has attracted considerable scientific interest. This review delineates the functions of TNTs within the central nervous system, examining their role in the transmission of bioenergetic substrates, and signaling molecules, and their multifaceted impact on both physiological and pathological processes, with an emphasis on neurodegenerative diseases. The review highlights the selectivity and specificity of TNTs as dedicated pathways for intercellular cargo delivery, particularly under stress conditions that provoke increased TNT formation. The potential of TNTs as therapeutic targets is explored in depth. We pay particular attention to the interactions between astrocytes and neurons mediated by TNTs, which are fundamental to brain architecture and function. Dysfunctions in these interactions are implicated in the spread of protein aggregates and mitochondrial anomalies, contributing to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The review culminates with a synthesis of the current understanding of TNT biology and identifies research gaps, advocating for intensified exploration into TNTs as a promising therapeutic frontier.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Estruturas da Membrana Celular , Nanotubos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Comunicação Celular/fisiologia , Encéfalo , Neurônios , Comunicação
8.
J Med Chem ; 67(6): 5011-5031, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450627

RESUMO

Effective vascular and hepatic enhancement and better safety are the key drivers for exploring gadolinium-free hepatobiliary contrast agents. Herein, a facile strategy proposes that the high lipophilicity may be favorable to enhancing sequentially vascular and hepatobiliary signal intensity based on the structure-activity relationship that both hepatic uptake and interaction with serum albumins partly depend on lipophilicity. Therefore, 11 newly synthesized derivatives of manganese o-phenylenediamine-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (MnLs) were evaluated as vascular and hepatobiliary agents. The maximum signal intensities of the heart, liver, and kidneys were strongly correlated with log P, a key indicator of lipophilicity. The most lipophilic agent, MnL6, showed favorable relaxivity when binding with serum albumin, good vascular enhancement, rapid excretion, and reliable hepatobiliary phases comparable to a classic hepatobiliary agent, gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) for in vivo liver tumor imaging. Inhibition experiments confirmed the hepatic targeting of MnL6 is mediated by organic anion-transporting polypeptides.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Meios de Contraste/metabolismo , Manganês , Gadolínio DTPA/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
9.
J Proteomics ; 299: 105157, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462170

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine has been utilized in China for approximately thousands of years in clinical settings to prevent Alzheimer's disease (AD) and enhance memory, despite the lack of a systematic exploration of its biological underpinnings. Exciting research has corroborated the beneficial effects of tetrahydroxy stilbene glycoside (TSG), an extract derived from Polygonum multiflorum, in delaying learning and memory impairment in a model that mimics AD. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to investigate the major function of TSG upon protein regulation in AD. Herein, a novel approach, encompassing data independent acquisition (DIA), DIA phosphorylated proteomics, and parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), was utilized to integrate quantitative proteomic data collected from APP/PS1 mouse model exhibiting toxic intracellular aggregation of Aß. Initially, we deliberated upon both single and multi-dimensional data pertaining to AD model mice. Furthermore, we authenticated disparities in protein phosphorylation quantity and expression, phosphorylation function, and ultimately phosphorylation kinase analysis. In order to validate the results, we utilized PRM ion monitoring technology to identify potential protein or peptide biomarkers. In the mixed samples, targeted detection of 50 target proteins revealed that 26 to 33 target proteins were stably detected by PRM. In summary, our findings provide new candidates for AD biomarker, which have been identified and validated through protein researches conducted on mouse brains. This offers a wealth of potential resources for extensive biomarker validation in neurodegenerative diseases. SIGNIFICANCE: DIA phosphorylated proteomics technique was used to detect and analyze phosphorylated proteins in brain tissues of mice with AD. Data were analyzed by various bioinformatics tools to explore the phosphorylation events and characterize them related to TSG. The results of DIA were further verified by PRM. Besides, we mapped the major metabolite classes emerging from the analyses to key biological pathways implicated in AD to understand the potential roles of the molecules and the interactions in triggering symptom onset and progression of AD. Meanwhile, we clarified that in the context of AD onset and TSG intervention, the changes in proteins, protein phosphorylation, phosphorylation kinases, and the internal connections.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Camundongos , Animais , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Proteômica , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide , Glicosídeos , Biomarcadores , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo
10.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483776

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The replacement intervals for infusion sets may differ among healthcare institutions, which may have an impact on the occurrence of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). Nevertheless, there exists a limited amount of high-quality evidence available to assist clinicians in determining the most suitable replacement intervals for infusion sets. Therefore, the objective of this trial is to compare the efficacy of 24-h and 96-h replacement intervals for infusion sets on CLABSI among critically ill adults who have central venous access devices. METHODS: This is a multicenter, parallel-group randomized controlled trial that will investigate the effect of infusion set replacement intervals on CLABSI in adult patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). The study will enroll 1240 participants who meet the inclusion criteria, which includes being 18 years or older, expected to stay in the ICU for longer than 96 h, and in need of central venous access. Participants will be randomly assigned to either a control group receiving a 96-h replacement interval or a treatment group receiving a 24-h replacement interval. PLANNED OUTCOME: The primary outcome of this trial is the rate of CLABSI within 28 days after randomization. CONCLUSION: This is the first randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of infusion set replacement at 24-h and 96-h intervals on CLABSI in ICU patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT05359601.

11.
Aging Dis ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300636

RESUMO

Aging-related cardiac dysfunction poses a major risk factor of mortality for elderly populations, however, efficient treatment for aging-related cardiac dysfunction is far from being known. Isthmin-1 (ISM1) is a novel adipokine that promotes glucose uptake and acts indispensable roles in restraining inflammatory and fibrosis. The present study aims to investigate the potential role and molecular mechanism of ISM1 in aging-related cardiac dysfunction. Aged and matched young mice were overexpressed or silenced with ISM1 to investigate the role of ISM1 in aging-related cardiac dysfunction. Moreover, H9C2 cells were stimulated with D-galactose (D-gal) to examine the role of ISM1 in vitro. Herein, we found that cardiac-specific overexpression of ISM1 significantly mitigated insulin resistance by promoting glucose uptake in aging mice. ISM1 overexpression alleviated while ISM1 silencing deteriorated cellular senescence, cardiac inflammation, and dysfunction in natural and accelerated cardiac aging. Mechanistically, ISM1 promoted glycolysis and activated Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) through increasing glucose uptake. ISM1 increased glucose uptake via translocating GLUT4 to the surface, thereby enhancing glycolytic flux and hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) flux, ultimately leading to increased SIRT1 activity through O-GlcNAc modification. ISM1 may serve as a novel potential therapeutic target for preventing aging-related cardiac disease in elderly populations. ISM1 prevents aging-related cardiac dysfunction by promoting glycolysis and enhancing SIRT1 deacetylase activity, making it a promising therapeutic target for aging-related cardiac disease.

12.
Small ; : e2311763, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348916

RESUMO

Advanced bifunctional electrocatalysts are essential for propelling overall water splitting (OWS) progress. Herein, relying on the obvious difference in the work function of Ir (5.44 eV) and CoMoO4 (4.03 eV) and the constructed built-in electric field (BEF), an Ir/CoMoO4 /NF heterogeneous catalyst, with ultrafine Ir nanoclusters (1.8 ± 0.2 nm) embedded in CoMoO4 nanosheet arrays on the surface of nickel foam skeleton, is reported. Impressively, the Ir/CoMoO4 /NF shows remarkable electrocatalytic bifunctionality toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), especially at large current densities, requiring only 13 and 166 mV to deliver 10 and 1000 mA cm-2 for HER and 196 and 318 mV for OER. Furthermore, the Ir/CoMoO4 /NF||Ir/CoMoO4 /NF electrolyzer demands only 1.43 and 1.81 V to drive 10 and 1000 mA cm-2 for OWS. Systematical theoretical calculations and tests show that the formed BEF not only optimizes interfacial charge distribution and the Fermi level of both Ir and CoMoO4 , but also reduces the Gibbs free energy (ΔGH* , from 0.25 to 0.03 eV) and activation energy (from 13.6 to 8.9 kJ mol-1 ) of HER, the energy barrier (from 3.47 to 1.56 eV) and activation energy (from 21.1 to 13.9 kJ mol-1 ) of OER, thereby contributing to the glorious electrocatalytic bifunctionality.

13.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(3): 47, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349411

RESUMO

The response rate of anti-PD1 therapy is limited, and the influence of anti-PD1 therapy on cancer patients is unclear. To address these challenges, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of plasma proteomic changes with anti-PD1 therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), and lymphoma patients. We included 339 plasma samples before and after anti-PD1 therapy from 193 patients with NSCLC, ASPS, or lymphoma. The plasma proteins were detected using data-independent acquisition-mass spectrometry and customable antibody microarrays. Differential proteomic characteristics in responders (R) and non-responders (NR) before and after anti-PD1 therapy were elucidated. A total of 1019 proteins were detected using our in-depth proteomics platform and distributed across 10-12 orders of abundance. By comparing the differential plasma proteome expression between R and NR groups, 50, 206, and 268 proteins were identified in NSCLC, ASPS, and lymphoma patients, respectively. Th17, IL-17, and JAK-STAT signal pathways were identified upregulated in NR group, while cellular senescence and transcriptional misregulation pathways were activated in R group. Longitudinal proteomics analysis revealed the IL-17 signaling pathway was downregulated after treatment. Consistently, many proteins were identified as potential combinatorial therapeutic targets (e.g., IL-17A and CD22). Five noninvasive biomarkers (FLT4, SFTPB, GNPTG, F5, and IL-17A) were further validated in an independent lymphoma cohort (n = 39), and another three noninvasive biomarkers (KIT, CCL3, and TNFSF1) were validated in NSCLC cohort (n = 76). Our results provide molecular insights into the anti-PD1 therapy in cancer patients and identify new therapeutic strategies for anti-PD1-resistant patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Linfoma , Humanos , Interleucina-17 , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteômica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Penicilinas , Biomarcadores , Transferases (Outros Grupos de Fosfato Substituídos)
14.
Parasitol Res ; 123(2): 145, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418741

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic protozoan parasite that is highly prevalent in the human population and can lead to adverse health consequences in immunocompromised patients and pregnant women. Noncoding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs), play important regulatory roles in the pathogenesis of many infections. However, the differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs and circRNAs implicated in the host cell response during the lytic cycle of T. gondii are unknown. In this study, we profiled the expression of miRNAs and circRNAs in human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) at different time points after T. gondii infection using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). We identified a total of 7, 7, 27, 45, 70, 148, 203, and 217 DEmiRNAs and 276, 355, 782, 1863, 1738, 6336, 1229, and 1680 DEcircRNAs at 1.5, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h post infection (hpi), respectively. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses revealed that the DE transcripts were enriched in immune response, apoptosis, signal transduction, and metabolism-related pathways. These findings provide new insight into the involvement of miRNAs and circRNAs in the host response to T. gondii infection.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Toxoplasma , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes
15.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 12: 2050313X241232259, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362227

RESUMO

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, known for its diverse organ involvement, presents significant diagnostic challenges, particularly when it affects the kidneys. This report highlights a rare case of primary renal intravascular large B-cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient, who presented with persistent fever and renal dysfunction. The case underscores the intricacy of diagnosis and the efficacy of personalized treatment. Following the identification of primary renal intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, a modified R-CHOP regimen was administered, resulting in notable amelioration of symptoms and renal function following the initial treatment cycle. The patient achieved sustained complete remission without any complications after completing five subsequent R-CHOP cycles and two additional cycles of rituximab monotherapy, as confirmed by recent assessments. He is currently under regular follow-up for ongoing monitoring and improvement. This case adds to the limited yet expanding pool of knowledge concerning intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, emphasizing the necessity for personalized therapeutic strategies in atypical presentations. It also highlights the importance of early detection and customized intervention in managing rare lymphoma subtypes with unique organ involvement.

16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 330: 121822, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368103

RESUMO

Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) is a sustainable cellulose derivative valued for its excellent biocompatibility and solubility and is widely used in various fields. Recent scientific research on high-substituted HPC mainly focused on its efficient preparation and phase transition behavior. Herein, a novel strategy of high-substituted HPC synthesis was demonstrated by employing DMSO/TBAF·3H2O as a cellulose solvent, exhibiting more efficiency than traditional approaches. High-substituted HPC prepared has remarkable thermal stability, exceptional hydrophilicity, and satisfactory solubility. Phase transition behavior of HPC with varying molar degrees of substitution (MS) was delved and a notable negative correlation between MS and cloud point temperature (TCP), was revealed, particularly evident at an MS of 12.3, where the TCP drops to 33 °C. Moreover, a unique self-assembly behavior featuring structural color and responsiveness to force in a solvent-free environment emerged when the MS exceeded 10.4. These insights comprehensively strengthen the understanding and knowledge of high-substituted HPC, simultaneously paving the way for further HPC investigation and exploitation.

17.
Lung Cancer ; 189: 107503, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKIs) has demonstrated remarkable therapeutic effects in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Identifying prognostic biomarkers can enhance the clinical efficacy of relapsed or refractory patients. METHODS: We profiled 737 plasma proteins from 159 pre-treatment and on-treatment plasma samples of 63 ALK-positive NSCLC patients using data-independent acquisition-mass spectrometry (DIA-MS). The consensus clustering algorithm was used to identify subtypes with distinct biological features. A plasma-based prognostic model was constructed using the LASSO-Cox method. We performed the Mfuzz analysis to classify the patterns of longitudinal changes in plasma proteins during treatment. 52 baseline plasma samples from another independent ALK-TKI treatment cohort were collected to validate the potential prognostic markers using ELISA. RESULTS: We identified three subtypes of ALK-positive NSCLC with distinct biological features and clinical efficacy. Patients in subgroup 1 exhibited activated humoral immunity and inflammatory responses, increased expression of positive acute-phase response proteins, and the worst prognosis. Then we constructed and verified a prognostic model that predicts the efficacy of ALK-TKI therapy using the expression levels of five plasma proteins (SERPINA4, ATRN, APOA4, TF, and MYOC) at baseline. Next, we explored the longitudinal changes in plasma protein expression during treatment and identified four distinct change patterns (Clusters 1-4). The longitudinal changes of acute-phase proteins during treatment can reflect the treatment status and tumor progression of patients. Finally, we validated the prognostic efficacy of baseline plasma CRP, SAA1, AHSG, SERPINA4, and TF in another independent NSCLC cohort undergoing ALK-TKI treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes to the search for prognostic and drug-resistance biomarkers in plasma samples for ALK-TKI therapy and provides new insights into the mechanism of drug resistance and the selection of follow-up treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Proteômica , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica
18.
FASEB J ; 38(3): e23467, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329325

RESUMO

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a severe animal infectious disease caused by lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV), inducing extensive nodules on the cattle mucosa or the scarfskin. LSDV genome encodes multiple proteins to evade host innate immune response. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we found that LSDV could suppress the expression of IFN-ß and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) in MDBK cells during the early stage of infection. Subsequently, an unbiased screen was performed to screen the LSDV genes with inhibitory effects on the type I interferon (IFN-I) production. ORF127 protein was identified as one of the strongest inhibitory effectors on the expression of IFN-ß and ISGs, meanwhile, the 1-43 aa of N-terminal of ORF127 played a vital role in suppressing the expression of IFN-ß. Overexpression of ORF127 could significantly promote LSDV replication through inhibiting the production of IFN-ß and ISGs in MDBK cells. Mechanism study showed that ORF127 specifically interacted with TBK1 and decreased the K63-linked polyubiquitination of TBK1 which suppressed the phosphorylation of TBK1 and ultimately decreased the production of IFN-ß. In addition, truncation mutation analysis indicated that the 1-43 aa of N-terminal of ORF127 protein was the key structural domain for its interaction with TBK1. In short, these results validated that ORF127 played a negative role in regulating IFN-ß expression through cGAS-STING signaling pathway. Taken together, this study clarified the molecular mechanism of ORF127 gene antagonizing IFN-I-mediated antiviral, which will helpfully provide new strategies for the treatment and prevention of LSD.


Assuntos
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Interferon Tipo I , Vírus da Doença Nodular Cutânea , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Animais , Bovinos , Imunidade Inata , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Vírus da Doença Nodular Cutânea/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo
19.
Redox Biol ; 70: 103076, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340635

RESUMO

Wilson's disease (WD) is a genetic disorder that primarily leads to the pathological accumulation of copper (Cu) in the liver, causing an abnormal increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS). The prevailing clinical therapy for WD involves lifelong use of Cu chelation drugs to facilitate Cu excretion in patients. However, most available drugs exert severely side-effects due to their non-specific excretion of Cu, unsuitable for long-term use. In this study, we construct a prochelator that enables precise and controlled delivery of Cu chelator drugs to the liver in WD model, circumventing toxic side effects on other organs and normal tissues. This innovative prochelator rapidly releases the chelator and the fluorescent molecule methylene blue (MB) upon activation by ROS highly expressed in the liver of WD. The released chelator coordinates with Cu, efficiently aiding in Cu removal from the body and effectively inhibiting the pathological progression of WD.


Assuntos
Degeneração Hepatolenticular , Humanos , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/genética , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/patologia , Quelantes/farmacologia , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Cobre
20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1327565, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357546

RESUMO

Background: Globally, gastric cancer (GC) is a category of prevalent malignant tumors. Its high occurrence and fatality rates represent a severe threat to public health. According to recent research, lipid metabolism (LM) reprogramming impacts immune cells' ordinary function and is critical for the onset and development of cancer. Consequently, the article conducted a sophisticated bioinformatics analysis to explore the potential connection between LM and GC. Methods: We first undertook a differential analysis of the TCGA queue to recognize lipid metabolism-related genes (LRGs) that are differentially expressed. Subsequently, we utilized the LASSO and Cox regression analyses to create a predictive signature and validated it with the GSE15459 cohort. Furthermore, we examined somatic mutations, immune checkpoints, tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE), and drug sensitivity analyses to forecast the signature's immunotherapy responses. Results: Kaplan-Meier (K-M) curves exhibited considerably longer OS and PFS (p<0.001) of the low-risk (LR) group. PCA analysis and ROC curves evaluated the model's predictive efficacy. Additionally, GSEA analysis demonstrated that a multitude of carcinogenic and matrix-related pathways were much in the high-risk (HR) group. We then developed a nomogram to enhance its clinical practicality, and we quantitatively analyzed tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) using the CIBERSORT and ssGSEA algorithms. The low-risk group has a lower likelihood of immune escape and more effective in chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Eventually, we selected BCHE as a potential biomarker for further research and validated its expression. Next, we conducted a series of cell experiments (including CCK-8 assay, Colony formation assay, wound healing assay and Transwell assays) to prove the impact of BCHE on gastric cancer biological behavior. Discussion: Our research illustrated the possible consequences of lipid metabolism in GC, and we identified BCHE as a potential therapeutic target for GC. The LRG-based signature could independently forecast the outcome of GC patients and guide personalized therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Algoritmos , Bioensaio , Biomarcadores , Progressão da Doença , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
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