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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of different endometrial preparation protocols for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles and present treatment hierarchy. METHODS: Systematic review with meta-analysis was performed by electronic searching of MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Google Scholar up to Dec 26, 2020. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or observational studies comparing 7 treatment options (natural cycle with or without human chorionic gonadotrophin trigger (mNC or tNC), artificial cycle with or without gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist suppression (AC+GnRH or AC), aromatase inhibitor, clomiphene citrate, gonadotropin or follicle stimulating hormone) in FET cycles were included. Meta-analyses were performed within random effects models. Primary outcome was live birth presented as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Twenty-six RCTs and 113 cohort studies were included in the meta-analyses. In a network meta-analysis, AC ranked last in effectiveness, with lower live birth rates when compared with other endometrial preparation protocols. In pairwise meta-analyses of observational studies, AC was associated with significant lower live birth rates compared with tNC (OR 0.81, 0.70 to 0.93) and mNC (OR 0.85, 0.77 to 0.93). Women who achieved pregnancy after AC were at an increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (OR 1.82, 1.37 to 2.38), postpartum haemorrhage (OR 2.08, 1.61 to 2.78) and very preterm birth (OR 2.08, 1.45 to 2.94) compared with those after tNC. CONCLUSION: Natural cycle treatment has a higher chance of live birth and lower risks of PIH, PPH and VPTB than AC for endometrial preparation in women receiving FET cycles.

2.
J Neural Eng ; 18(5)2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761480

RESUMO

Objective. Development of a brain-computer interface (BCI) requires classification of brain neural activities to different states. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can measure the brain activities and has great potential for BCI. In recent years, a large number of classification algorithms have been proposed, in which deep learning methods, especially convolutional neural network (CNN) methods are successful. fNIRS signal has typical time series properties, we combined fNIRS data and kinds of CNN-based time series classification (TSC) methods to classify BCI task.Approach. In this study, participants were recruited for a left and right hand motor imagery experiment and the cerebral neural activities were recorded by fNIRS equipment (FOIRE-3000). TSC methods are used to distinguish the brain activities when imagining the left or right hand. We have tested the overall person, single person and overall person with single-channel classification results, and these methods achieved excellent classification results. We also compared the CNN-based TSC methods with traditional classification methods such as support vector machine.Main results. Experiments showed that the CNN-based methods have significant advantages in classification accuracy: the CNN-based methods have achieved remarkable results in the classification of left-handed and right-handed imagination tasks, reaching 98.6% accuracy on overall person, 100% accuracy on single person, and in the single-channel classification an accuracy of 80.1% has been achieved with the best-performing channel.Significance. These results suggest that using the CNN-based TSC methods can significantly improve the BCI performance and also lay the foundation for the miniaturization and portability of training rehabilitation equipment.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742343

RESUMO

A novel marine hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain S2-6 T, was isolated from the deep-sea sediment samples at the Longqi hydrothermal system, southwestern Indian Ocean. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short rods with a single polar flagellum. Growth was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum 33 °C), pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and 1.5 to 6.0% (w/v) NaCl with an optimum at 3.0% (w/v). The isolate was an obligate chemolithoautotroph capable of growth using thiosulfate, tetrathionate, elemental sulfur or sodium sulfide as the energy source, and oxygen or nitrate as the sole electron acceptor. When hydrogen was used as the energy source, strain S2-6 T could respire oxygen, nitrate or element sulfur. The major cellular fatty acids of strain S2-6 T were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C16:0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). The total size of its genome was 2,320,257 bp and the genomic DNA G + C content was 37.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and core genes showed that the novel isolate belonged to the genus Sulfurimonas and was most closely related to Sulfurimonas paralvinellae GO25T (96.8% sequence identity) and Sulfurimonas autotrophica OK10T (95.8% sequence identity). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain S2-6 T and S. paralvinellae GO25T and S. autotrophica OK10T were 74.6%-81.2% and 19.1%-24.6%, respectively. Based on the polyphase taxonomical data, strain S2-6 T represents a novel species of the genus Sulfurimonas, for which the name Sulfurimonas sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain S2-6 T (= MCCC 1A14513T = KCTC 15854 T).

4.
J Mol Recognit ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646596

RESUMO

In this paper, the effects of three isoflavones including daidzein, genistein, and puerarin on fibrillation of hen egg-white lysozyme were investigated by various analytical methods. The results demonstrated that all isoflavones could effectively inhibit the fibrillogenesis of hen egg-white lysozyme and destabilized the preformed fibrils of hen egg-white lysozyme in a dose-dependent manner. To further understand the inhibition mechanism, molecular modeling was carried out. The docking results demonstrated that the isoflavones could bind to two key fibrogenic sites in hen egg-white lysozyme through van der Waals force, electrostatic forces, and hydrogen bonding, as well as σ-π stacking. By these means, isoflavones could not only obviously enhance the hydrophobicity of the binding sites, but also greatly stabilize the native state of HEWL, which was able to postpone the fibrosis process of hen egg-white lysozyme.

5.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 166: 348-357, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705958

RESUMO

Sepsis rapidly contributed to multiorgan failure affecting most commonly of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and yet there were no effective therapies. The current study aimed at providing evidence on the cardioprotection of suppression of 5-Lipoxygenase (5-Lox) and identifying the possible mechanism in the mouse model of sepsis. The cecal ligation-perforation (CLP) model was applied to C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and 5-Lox deficient (5-Lox-/-) mice to induce sepsis. 5-Lox expression was up-regulated in mouse myocardium and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) level was increased in serum after sepsis. Subsequently, we utilized a recombinant adenoviral expression vector (rAAV9) to overexpress Alox5 gene in adult mice. Compared to WT mice, 5-Lox overexpression accelerated CLP-induced myocardial injury and cardiac dysfunction. Oppositely, 5-Lox deficiency offered protection against myocardial injury in a mouse model of sepsis and attenuated sepsis-mediated inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the mouse heart. Mechanically, 5-Lox promoted LTB4 production, which in turn contributed to the activation of leukotriene B4 receptor 1 (BLT1)/interleukin-12p35 (IL-12p35) pathway and enhanced M1 macrophage polarization. However, the suppression of BLT1 by either gene mutation or antagonist U75302 significantly inhibited the adverse effect of 5-Lox in sepsis. Further study demonstrated that pharmacological inhibition of 5-Lox prevented CLP-induced septic cardiomyopathy (SCM). Our study identified 5-Lox exacerbated sepsis-associated myocardial injury through activation of LTB4 production and promoting BLT1/IL-12p35 pathway. Hence, inhibition of 5-Lox may be a potential candidate strategy for septic cardiac dysfunction treatment.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5246, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664411

RESUMO

Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase (GFAT) and phosphofructokinase (PFK) are enzymes related to chitin metabolism. RNA interference (RNAi) technology was used to explore the role of these two enzyme genes in chitin metabolism. In this study, we found that GFAT and PFK were highly expressed in the wing bud of Nilaparvata lugens and were increased significantly during molting. RNAi of GFAT and PFK both caused severe malformation rates and mortality rates in N. lugens. GFAT inhibition also downregulated GFAT, GNPNA, PGM1, PGM2, UAP, CHS1, CHS1a, CHS1b, Cht1-10, and ENGase. PFK inhibition significantly downregulated GFAT; upregulated GNPNA, PGM2, UAP, Cht2-4, Cht6-7 at 48 h and then downregulated them at 72 h; upregulated Cht5, Cht8, Cht10, and ENGase; downregulated Cht9 at 48 h and then upregulated it at 72 h; and upregulated CHS1, CHS1a, and CHS1b. In conclusion, GFAT and PFK regulated chitin degradation and remodeling by regulating the expression of genes related to the chitin metabolism and exert opposite effects on these genes. These results may be beneficial to develop new chitin synthesis inhibitors for pest control.

7.
Food Chem ; 350: 129236, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610850

RESUMO

Cucurbit[7]uril (Q[7]) was first used as a dispersant sorbent material in a matrix solid-phase dispersion for the simultaneous extraction of four quaternary ammonium pesticides from vegetables before analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. Q[7] exhibited a better selectivity and adsorption capability for these compounds, which is due to its ability to bind selectively organic molecules into its hydrophobic cavity and to form stable host-guest inclusion complexes. Various parameters affecting the extraction were investigated and optimized, such as sorbent/sample mass ratio, grinding time, rinsing and eluting conditions. Under optimized conditions, the proposed method exhibited a linear response in the concentration range of 1-100 µg·kg-1, satisfactory recoveries for eight types of vegetable samples (>70%), and high repeatability (RSD < 9.0%). The limits of quantification were between 0.43 µg·kg-1 and 0.99 µg·kg-1, which is nearly 50 times lower than the maximum residue limits established by the European Council.

8.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the ultrasonographic features of arthritis in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and to analyze its correlation with clinical manifestations and disease activity. METHODS: Ultrasound (US) examinations were performed in a total of 1200 joints of 40 patients with pSS. A semi-quantitative grading method (0-3) for scoring synovial hyperplasia, PD synovitis, bone erosion, tenosynovitis was used. The clinical and laboratory data were collected, disease activity was assessed. The correlation between US lesions and disease activity assessment and clinical manifestations was analyzed. RESULTS: US findings of musculoskeletal in patients with pSS mainly involved the small joints of the hands and wrists and the lesions were mild. The semi-quantitative score of musculoskeletal US was positively correlated with ESSPRI. The occurrence of musculoskeletal US lesions is associated with immunological abnormalities and inflammatory markers, and patients with high IgG, RF, and inflammatory markers are prone to abnormal US findings. CONCLUSION: The incidence of arthritis in patients with pSS is high, and musculoskeletal US has its characteristics. The musculoskeletal US semi-quantitative method can effectively evaluate arthritis in patients with pSS, and the US score of arthritis has a certain correlation with the overall disease activity. US can provide a reference for the diagnosis of arthritis and disease activity assessment in patients with pSS.

9.
Life Sci ; : 119106, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497740

RESUMO

AIMS: We explored the effect of aerobic exercise on renal sinus adipose (RSA) accumulation and RSA accumulation-related renal injury in obese mice. MAIN METHODS: C57BL/6J male mice (n = 30) were evenly divided into three groups: control group (CON, n = 10), obese group (OB, n = 10; given high-fat diet) and obese + aerobic exercise group (OB + E, n = 10; given HFD and 8 weeks of moderate-intensity exercise training). The body weight and kidney weight were measured after sacrificing. Morphological alterations of adipose and renal tissues were measured on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) stained slides. The macrophages surface markers (F4/80, CD68, CD206, CD163), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) were examined by immunohistochemistry assay. Inflammation-related factors (FGF-21, KIM-1, IL-6) were analyzed via serum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. KEY FINDINGS: We found that aerobic exercise significantly reduced body weight, kidney weight, serum FGF-21 and KIM-1 levels, and ameliorated glomerular hypertrophy and RSA size accumulation in OB + E group compared with OB group. Furthermore, HIF-1α in the RSA and renal tissues was significantly increased in the OB group (P < 0.05), but exercise effectively reduced the expression of HIF-1α and ameliorated renal inflammation by reducing MCP-1 and CD68 expression (both P < 0.05), improving the conversion from M1 (CD68) to M2 (CD206, CD163) macrophages (P < 0.05), and finally alleviating the level of IL-6 (P < 0.01). SIGNIFICANCE: Aerobic exercise could reduce RSA accumulation-related adipose hypoxia and macrophage infiltration, and subsequently attenuate the progress of renal injury.

10.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 25(1): 1-11, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470887

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to use bioinformatic analyses to identify key genes and pathways driving gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods: The gene expression profiles, from human gastric tissue samples were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE)29272 dataset. These data revealed 284 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that included a group upregulated in cancer tissues (n = 142) and another group that were downregulated in cancer tissues. (n = 142). These DEGs were identified using the GEO2R. We used multiple online analysis tools, including, Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), protein-protein interaction networks, gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA), and the cBio Cancer Genomics Portal (cBioportal) database. Next, we identified the most significant DEGs using the Kaplan-Meier plotter (KM-plotter) database. Multiple bioinformatic platforms were used to identify candidate prognostic marker genes. We then analyzed freshly frozen GC tissues for the expression of these marker genes to validate the informatic findings. Results: We identified three DEGs related to overall survival from our analyses of the GEO data. Next, we analyzed these three DEGs in GEPIA and the cBioportal database and found that the biglycan (BGN) gene was related to invasion and metastases of GCs. This finding of differential gene expression was confirmed in a separate laboratory analysis of normal and GC tissues. In this analysis we found that high levels of BGN expression were correlated with GC clinicopathological characteristics, including microvascular tumor thrombus (p = 0.018), lymph node metastases (p = 0.013), and vessel invasion (p = 0.004). Conclusions: BGN expression levels appear to be an independent prognostic factor for predicting the survival times of GC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 540: 108-115, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476960

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has the ability to selectively trigger cancer cell apoptosis and can be used as a target for tumor therapy. However, gastric cancer cells are usually insensitive to TRAIL so reducing this drug resistance may improve the treatment of gastric cancer. In this study, we used Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) experiments to determine the effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and TRAIL on the proliferation of gastric cancer cells. An Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining experiment was used to detect apoptosis, and Western blotting was used to analyze the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway proteins. The antitumor effects of 5-FU and TRAIL were verified in vivo using a nude mouse tumorigenesis experiment, and a TUNEL assay was performed to evaluate apoptosis in tumor tissue from the nude mice. We found the combination of 5-FU and TRAIL had a greater inhibitory effect on the proliferation of gastric cancer cells than 5-FU or TRAIL alone both in vivo and in vitro. 5-FU enhanced TRAIL-induced gastric cancer cell apoptosis by inactivating the MAPK pathway. Overall, our analysis firstly provided new insights into the role of 5-FU in increasing sensitivity to TRAIL. 5-FU can be used as a sensitizer for TRAIL, and its administration is a potential strategy for the treatment of gastric cancer.

12.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(7): 5176-5192, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368294

RESUMO

TMEM173 has been reported to participate in endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation and immunology, all of which closely involved with cardiac hypertrophy. But its role in autophagy is not fully figured out. In our research, Tmem173 global knockout (KO) mice manifested more deteriorated hypertrophy, fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and cardiac malfunction compared with wild type C57BL/6 mice after 6 weeks of transverse aortic constriction. And KO mice showed inhibited autophagosome degradation in myocardium observed under transmission electron microscope and in protein level. In in vitro experiments conducted in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes under phenylephrine treatment, the abundance of Tmem173 gene was negatively related to the abundance of LC3-Ⅱ and the number of red and yellow fluorescent dots, of which reflected the capacity of autophagosome degradation. These results indicated that TMEM173 might be a promoter of autophagic flux and protected against pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. It may serve as a potential therapeutic target for cardiac hypertrophy in the future.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263512

RESUMO

A novel mesophilic, hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain NW8NT, was collected from a sulfide chimney at the deep-sea hydrothermal vent on the Carlsberg Ridge of the Northwest Indian Ocean. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short rods with a single polar flagellum. The temperature, pH and salinity ranges for growth of strain NW8NT were 4-40 °C (optimum, 33 °C), pH 4.5-7.5 (optimum, pH 5.5) and 340-680 mM NaCl (optimum, 510 mM). The isolate was an obligate chemolithoautotroph capable of growth using hydrogen, thiosulfate, sulfide or elemental sulphur as the sole energy source, carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source and molecular oxygen as the sole electron acceptor. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NW8NT were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The total size of its genome was 2 093 492 bp and the genomic DNA G+C content was 36.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and core genes showed that the novel isolate belonged to the genus Sulfurimonas and was most closely related to Sulfurimonas paralvinellae GO25T (97.4 % sequence identity). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain NW8NT and S. paralvinellae GO25T was 77.8 and 21.1 %, respectively. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented here, strain NW8NT represents a novel species of the genus Sulfurimonas, for which the name Sulfurimonas indica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain NW8NT (=MCCC 1A13988T=KTCC 15780T).

14.
Exp Gerontol ; 143: 111152, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence has suggested that physical activities can reduce the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Here, we evaluated the effect of aerobic exercise in a model of BPH using obese mice. METHODS: Obese C57BL/6J mice in the control group, obesity group (OB), and obesity group plus exercise (OB + E) with eight weeks training were inspected for morphological alterations via hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, lipid and sex hormone metabolites via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), relative protein expression via Western blotting, and prostate cancer-up-regulated long noncoding RNA (PlncRNA) and androgen receptor (AR) mRNA levels via quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: Aerobic exercise training slowed fat-mass gain in OB mice. Prostate volume (PV) and area of lumen was significantly decreased in OB mice and was slightly increased following aerobic exercise. Epithelial volume density in the OB group was higher than that in the control group. Furthermore, aerobic exercise lowered serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride, and free fatty acid (FFA) levels, whereas it raised high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in OB + E mice. Additionally, the hormonal ratio of estradiol/testosterone (E2/T) approached that of the control group following aerobic exercise in OB + E mice. Mechanistically, aerobic exercise downregulated the PlncRNA-AR/androgen signaling pathway via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) axis in the prostates of OB + E mice. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that aerobic exercise may alleviate BPH in obese mice through regulation of the AR/androgen/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

15.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1014-1022, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203201

RESUMO

Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion accounts for 3%-5% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. With the in-depth study of the EML4-ALK driver gene, ALK inhibitors represented by crizotinib have been gradually developed and applied in the clinic. However, the response to ALK-targeted therapy is heterogeneous among different patients. Most patients with ALK-targeted therapy will inevitably develop drug resistance, leading to tumor progression. Monitoring the efficacy of patients with prognostic markers to change the treatment in time, and selecting individualized follow-up treatment according to the mechanism of drug resistance, can effectively improve the prognosis of patients. This article will review the mechanism of ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (ALK-TKI) resistance and related prognostic markers to discuss the prediction for ALK-targeted therapy and the choice of subsequent treatment for drug-resistant patients.
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16.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(6): 5326-5338, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174024

RESUMO

The C3a receptor (C3aR) has been reported to be involved in various physiological and pathological processes, including the regulation of cellular structure development. Expression of C3aR has been reported in podocytes; however, data concerning the role of C3aR in podocyte morphology is scarce. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of C3aR activation on the architectural development of podocytes. An immortal human podocyte line (HPC) was transfected with a C3a expression lentivirus vector or recombinant C3a. SB290157 was used to block the activation of C3aR. The expression of C3a in HPC cells was analyzed by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR) and ELISAs. Phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy were used to observe the morphology of the podocytes. The adhesive ability of HPC cells was analyzed using an attachment assay. RT­qPCR, cyto­immunofluorescence and western blotting were used to determine the expression levels of the adhesion­associated genes. The expression levels of carboxypeptidases in HPC cells was also detected by RT­qPCR. Compared with the untransfected and control virus­transfected HPC cells, the C3a­overexpressing cells (HPC­C3a) failed to expand their cell bodies and develop an arborized appearance in the process of maturation, which the control cells exhibited. In addition, HPC­C3a cells presented with decreased adhesive capacity, altered focal adhesion (FA) plaques and decreased expression of FA­associated genes. These effects were blocked by a C3aR antagonist; however, the addition of purified C3a could not completely mimic the effects of C3a overexpression. Furthermore, HPC cells expressed carboxypeptidases, which have been reported to be able to inactivate C3a. In summary, the results demonstrated that sustained C3aR activation impaired the morphological maturation of HPC cells, which may be associated with the altered expression of FA­associated genes and impaired FA. Since chronic complement activation has been reported in renal diseases, which indicate sustained C3aR activation in renal cells, including podocytes and podocyte progenitors, the possible role of C3aR in the dysregulation of podocyte architecture and podocyte regeneration requires further research.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185005

RESUMO

The design and assembly of photoelectro-active molecular channel structures is of great importance because of their special advantages in charge mobility, photo-induced electron transfer, proton conduction and exciton transport. Besides macrocycle stacking and knot + linker connection, this work rarely provides a fresh strategy for the exquisite design of 1D channel based on a pair of mirror isomers. Racemic 9,9'-diphenyl-[2,2'-bifluorene]-9,9'-diol (DPFOH) enantiomers were proved to be utilized as newfashioned building modules for the non-helical 1D channel structures. Although the individual molecule doesn't present any molecular symmetry, two pairs of racemic DPFOH enantiomers can form a C2-symmetric closed loop via the stereoscopic herringbone assembly. Thanks to the special symmetry derived from the enantiomer pairs, the multiple supramolecular interactions and the padding from solvent molecules, this conventionally unstable topological structure is achieved. The self-similar relationship of tubular structures spanning from molecular level to microscale level was explained. Finally, the lithium-ion transport performance was demonstrated, showing a significant ion conductivity of 1.77×10-4 S/cm, indicating the potential research value of this novel 1D channel structure.

18.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 10(5): 1192-1199, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224743

RESUMO

Background: This study explores the effect of brain and heart health manager (BHHM)-led stroke secondary prevention on blood pressure, and in improving the self-management ability of stroke patients. The BHHM has not been reported. Methods: A total of 200 stroke patients, who were discharged from our hospital, were randomized into two groups at a 1:1 ratio: intervention group and control group. Patients in the control group were followed up for six months via telephone, while patients in the experimental group were followed up for six months using the BHHM-led mHealth follow-up. The primary outcomes were systolic blood pressure (BP) and self-management ability at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, while the secondary outcomes included medication adherence, the body mass index (BMI), and blood low-density lipoprotein. Results: The systolic BP between these two groups at four time points (Ftime =8.734, Fgroup =172.075, and Finteraction =11.363) was statistically significant (P<0.05). The self-health management ability at four time points during follow-up period (Ftime =115.09, Fgroup =1,185.50, and Finteraction =108.22) was also significantly different between these two groups. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant difference in compliance with medication at six months (χ2=37.616, P=0.000). However, after one year, there were no significant differences in BMI (t=0.214, P=0.644), total cholesterol (t=0.56, P=0.837), and low-density lipoprotein (t=0.042, P=0.455). Conclusions: The BHHM-led mHealth follow-up is an effective method for managing BP and improving the self-care ability. Furthermore, this approach has no obvious effect on the management of BMI and blood low-density lipoprotein. A potential signal of efficacy with the intervention was observed.

19.
Front Physiol ; 11: 574851, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041872

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to screen synergistic substances included in existing artificial feeds in order to improve the fertility and survival rate of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), an efficient pest predator. To this end, we analyzed the potential effects of glucose and trehalose on the growth, development, and reproduction of H. axyridis and evaluated the effect of three different artificial feeds on the energy stress of H. axyridis. The artificial diets contained fresh pork liver, honey, sucrose, vitamin C, and royal jelly, which was marked it as Diet1. The glucose was added to diet1, which was marked it as diet2, while adding trehalose to diet1 was marked as diet3. The pre-oviposition period of H. axyridis on Diet 1 was slower than that of Diet 2 and Diet 3. Additionally, the spawning quantity and incubation rate of insects on Diet 2 and Diet 3 were significantly higher than that of those on Diet 1. Finally, the larval developmental time on Diet 1 was significantly slower than that of Diet 2 and Diet 3. These results indicate that the addition of an appropriate amount of glucose or trehalose may affect positively the growth, development, and reproduction of H. axyridis. In addition, further studies showed that ATP, amino acids and fatty acids content in the H. axyridis also increased after the addition of the synergistic substance. All these results show that proper adjustment of stored energy anabolic and catabolism is important to maintain the metabolic balance of the insect's entire life cycle and the addition of glucose or trehalose has a certain effect on the life indicators of H. axyridis.

20.
Front Physiol ; 11: 575485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041873

RESUMO

Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is one of the pests that harm rice. In this paper, a new trehalose-6-phosphate synthase gene, TPS3, was identified by transcriptome sequencing and gene cloning. To explore its role in the energy metabolism of N. lugens we examined the carbohydrate contents at different stages of development, the tissue expression of TPS, and some physiological and biochemical indicators by injecting dsTPS3 and dsTPSs (a proportional mixture of dsTPS1, dsTPS2, and dsTPS3). The glucose content at the fifth instar was significantly higher than that in the fourth instar and the adult stages. The trehalose and glycogen contents before molting were higher than those after molting. TPS1, TPS2, and TPS3 were expressed in the head, leg, wing bud, and cuticle, with the highest expression in the wing bud. In addition, compared with the control group, the glucose content increased significantly at 48 h after RNA interference, and the trehalose content decreased significantly after 72 h. qRT-PCR showed that the expression level of UGPase decreased significantly at 48 h after injection, whereas GS expression increased significantly at 48 h after injecting dsTPS3. After dsTPS injection, the expression levels of PPGM2, UGPase, GP, and GS increased significantly at 72 h. After interfering with the expression of TPS3 gene alone, UGPase expression decreased significantly at 48 h, and GS expression increased significantly at 72 h. Finally, combined with the digital gene expression and pathway analysis, 1439 and 1346 genes were upregulated, and 2127 and 1927 genes were downregulated in the dsTPS3 and dsTPSs groups, respectively. The function of most differential genes was concentrated in sugar metabolism, lipid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism. The results indicated that TPS3 plays a key role in the energy metabolism of N. lugens and confirmed that TPS3 is a feasible target gene for RNA interference in N. lugens. Simultaneously, they provide a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of TPS3 to control pests.

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