Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.739
Filtrar
2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109652, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the synergistic effects and interactive mechanisms of Shufeng Jiedu Capsule (SFJDC) combined with oseltamivir in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) induced by the influenza A virus (IAV). METHODS: The extraction of SFJDC was analyzed by UHPLC/ESI Q-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry. Human bronchial epithelial cells were isolated from COPD (DHBE) bronchial tissues, co-cultured with IAV for 24 h, and were subsequently treated with SFJDC and/or oseltamivir. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. A rat model of COPD with IAV infection was established and treated with SFJDC and/or oseltamivir. Interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA. Additionally, mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3 inflammasome pathway were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: SFJDC and/or oseltamivir, at their optimal concentrations, had no significant cytotoxicity against DHBEs. The levels of NLRP3-inflammasome-associated components were significantly elevated after cells were inoculated with IAV, whereas the mRNA and protein levels of these components were significantly decreased after treatment with SFJDC and/or oseltamivir in vitro. Moreover, in vivo, the combination of SFJDC and oseltamivir improved survival rates, attenuated clinical symptoms, induced weight gain, alleviated lung damage, and significantly reduced IL-1ß and IL-18 levels in serum and BALF, as well as reduced the expression levels of NLRP3-associated components and viral titers in lung homogenates. CONCLUSION: SFJDC combined with oseltamivir treatment significantly attenuated IAV-induced airway inflammation and lung viral titers. Hence, our findings may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for IAV-induced respiratory infection.

4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2074: 67-80, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583631

RESUMO

Identifying residue-residue contacts in protein-protein interactions or complex is crucial for understanding protein and cell functions. DCA (direct-coupling analysis) methods shed some light on this, but they need many sequence homologs to yield accurate prediction. Inspired by the success of our deep-learning method for intraprotein contact prediction, we have developed RaptorX-ComplexContact, a web server for interprotein residue-residue contact prediction. Given a pair of interacting protein sequences, RaptorX-ComplexContact first searches for their sequence homologs and builds two paired multiple sequence alignments (MSA) based on genomic distance and phylogeny information, respectively. Then, RaptorX-ComplexContact uses two deep convolutional residual neural networks (ResNet) to predict interprotein contacts from sequential features and coevolution information of paired MSAs. RaptorX-ComplexContact shall be useful for protein docking, protein-protein interaction prediction, and protein interaction network construction.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic distal anterior cerebral artery (dACA) aneurysm is rare and can be easily neglected and misdiagnosed in patients with trauma. The aim of this study was to explore the radiologic characteristics of and therapeutic strategies for traumatic dACA aneurysm and to improve our understanding of unusual complications after trauma. METHODS: The clinical data of nine cases of traumatic dACA aneurysm from our neurosurgical department from July 1, 2010, to July 1, 2018, were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: All 9 patients had a history of brain trauma. The initial computed tomography scan immediately after trauma showed subarachnoid haemorrhage in 8 cases. Among these cases, delayed intracranial haemorrhage occurred in 7 cases. The average interval between injury and diagnosis was 13.67 ± 9.43 days. All 9 cases were confirmed as traumatic dACA aneurysm by computed tomography angiography (CTA) and/or digital subtraction angiography. According to Lehecka's classification system, traumatic dACA aneurysm located in the A3 and A4 segment was found in 3 and 6 cases, respectively. Surgical treatment was performed in 8 cases, including neck clipping, with or without wrapping in 3 cases, trapping in 4 cases, aneurysm excision and suturing in 1 case and conservative treatment in 1 case. Three patients required a ventriculoperitoneal shunt due to severe hydrocephalus. According to the Glasgow Outcome Scale scoring system, good recovery was achieved in 4 cases, moderate disability in 2 cases, severe disability in 1 case, and death in 2 cases. CONCLUSION: Traumatic dACA aneurysm is a rare complication of brain trauma. Delayed intracranial haemorrhage and the sudden deterioration of neurologic function were the typical characteristics in patients with traumatic dACA aneurysm. CTA is the first-line screening modality for patients who present with intracerebral haemorrhage in the corpus callosum after trauma, particularly for patients who are older, in a poorer or critical condition. When the aneurysm is located in the A4 segment or involves a small branch, surgical trapping is the preferred definitive therapy to prevent further growth and disastrous bleeding. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment could help to improve clinical outcomes.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683916

RESUMO

Although metabolic perturbations are sensitive indicators for low-dose toxic effects, the metabolic mechanisms affected by rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M in mammals from a metabolic profiling perspective remain unclear. In this study, the metabolic perturbations and toxic effects of rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M in mice were carefully investigated using integrative nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) based metabolomics. Histopathology, NMR-based untargeted urine profile, multivariate pattern recognition, metabolite identification, pathway analysis, UPLC-MS/MS based targeted serum amino acids, and tryptophan pathway analysis were determined after rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M exposure, individually. Histopathology indicated that metalaxyl-M induced greater hepatocellular inflammatory, necrosis, and vacuolation in mice than rac-metalaxyl at the same exposure dosage. The metabolic perturbations induced by rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M were directly separated using partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Furthermore, metabolite identification and pathway analysis indicated that rac-metalaxyl mainly induced ten urine metabolite changes and four pathway fluctuations. However, metalaxyl-M induced 19 urine metabolite changes and six pathway fluctuations. Serum amino acids and tryptophan pathway metabolite changes induced by rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M were also different even at the same exposure level. Such results may provide specific insight into the metabolic perturbations and toxic effects of rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M, and contribute to providing available data for health risk assessments of rac-metalaxyl and metalaxyl-M at a metabolomics level.

7.
Psychol Med ; : 1-12, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The microbiota-gut-brain axis, especially the microbial tryptophan (Trp) biosynthesis and metabolism pathway (MiTBamp), may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, studies on the MiTBamp in MDD are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyze the gut microbiota composition and the MiTBamp in MDD patients. METHODS: We performed shotgun metagenomic sequencing of stool samples from 26 MDD patients and 29 healthy controls (HCs). In addition to the microbiota community and the MiTBamp analyses, we also built a classification based on the Random Forests (RF) and Boruta algorithm to identify the gut microbiota as biomarkers for MDD. RESULTS: The Bacteroidetes abundance was strongly reduced whereas that of Actinobacteria was significantly increased in the MDD patients compared with the abundance in the HCs. Most noteworthy, the MDD patients had increased levels of Bifidobacterium, which is commonly used as a probiotic. Four Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) orthologies (KOs) (K01817, K11358, K01626, K01667) abundances in the MiTBamp were significantly lower in the MDD group. Furthermore, we found a negative correlation between the K01626 abundance and the HAMD scores in the MDD group. Finally, RF classification at the genus level can achieve an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.890. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings enabled a better understanding of the changes in gut microbiota and the related Trp pathway in MDD. Alterations of the gut microbiota may have the potential as biomarkers for distinguishing MDD patients form HCs.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715239

RESUMO

Chuanminshen violaceum has been used as an important traditional Chinese medicine and a popular tonic food in China. Polysaccharides are considered the major bioactive components in C. violaceum. In this study, in order well understand the chemical structures and bioactivities of non-starch polysaccharides in C. violaceum (CVPs), the physicochemical structures, antioxidant activities, and immunomodulatory activities of CVPs in C. violaceum collected from different regions of China were investigated and compared. Results showed that the constituent monosaccharides and Fourier transform infrared spectra of CVPs in C. violaceum collected from different regions were similar. However, their molar ratios of constituent monosaccharides, molecular weights, and contents of uronic acids were different. Furthermore, CVPs exerted remarkable antioxidant activities (ABTS and nitric oxide radical scavenging capacities) and immunomodulatory activities (promoted production of nitric oxide, IL-6, and TNF-α from RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro). Meanwhile, the antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of CVPs extracted from C. violaceum also varied by cultivated regions. Moreover, results indicated that the antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of CVPs were closely correlated to their α-1,4-d-galactosiduronic linkages. Results are helpful for better understanding of the structure-bioactivity relationships of CVPs, and beneficial for the improvement of their applications in pharmaceutical and functional food industries.

9.
J Neurosci ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676602

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cationic channel activated by painful stimuli such as capsaicin and noxious heat, and enriched in sensory neurons of the pain pathway. During inflammation, chemical mediators activate protein kinases (such as PKC) that phosphorylate TRPV1 and thereby enhance its function, with consequent increases in nociceptor sensitization. However, the causal relationships between TRPV1 phosphorylation and pathological pain remain unexplored. To directly investigate the roles of one specific TRPV1 phosphorylation event in vivo, we genetically altered a major PKC phosphorylation site, mouse TRPV1 S801, to alanine. The TRPV1 expression pattern in sensory neurons of S801A knock-in (KI) mice was comparable to that in wildtype (WT) controls. However, sensitization of capsaicin-mediated currents following the activation of PKC was substantially impaired in sensory neurons from KI mice. Thermal hyperalgesia induced by PMA or burn injury in KI was identical to WT. Inflammatory thermal hyperalgesia was only marginally attenuated in KI mice. In contrast, PMA-evoked nocifensive responses and sensitization of capsaicin responses were significantly attenuated in the hindpaws of KI mice. Ongoing pain from inflamed masseter muscle was also reduced in KI mice, and was further inhibited by the TRPV1 antagonist AMG9810. These results suggest that PKC-mediated phosphorylation of TRPV1 S801 contributes to inflammation-mediated sensitization of TRPV1 to ligand, but not heat, in vivo Further, this suggests that interference with TRPV1 S801 phosphorylation might represent one potential way to attenuate inflammatory pain, yet spare basal sensitivity and produce fewer side effects than more general TRPV1 inhibition.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENTTRPV1 has been considered a potential target for pain intervention. Global inhibitors of TRPV1 function, however, produce side effects which could compromise their clinical utility. By precisely removing a unique PKC phosphorylation site (TRPV1 S801) in mice through CRISPR/Cas9 editing, we provide in vivo evidence for a highly specific inhibition that leaves basal TRPV1 function intact, yet alleviates some forms of hyperalgesia. These findings support inhibition of TRPV1 S801 phosphorylation as a potential intervention for pain management.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742999

RESUMO

With the rapid development of the electronics, information technology, and wearable devices, problems of the power crisis and electromagnetic radiation pollution have emerged. A piezoelectric wearable textile combined with electromagnetic shielding performance has become a favorable solution. Herein, a multifunctional PVDF-based wearable sensor with both electromagnetic shielding function and human body monitoring performance is proposed by incorporating silver nanowires (Ag NWs) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) hybrid-networks into PVDF-casted commercial nonwoven fabrics (NWF). The coordination of Ag NWs and MWCNTs networks ensures the ideal electrical conductivity and mechanical strength. The maximum shielding value of the developed sensor reaches up to 34 dB when the area densities of the Ag NWs and MWCNT are kept at 1.9 and 2.0 mg/cm2, respectively. Additionally, the hydrophobicity of the as-proposed sensor (water contact angle of ∼110.0°) ensures the self-cleaning function and makes it resistive against water and dirt. Moreover, the sensor possesses a force-sensing property by generating different piezoelectric voltages (0, 0.4, 1.0, and 1.5 V) when stimulated by various forces (0, 20, 44, and 60 N). Not only can it respond to different external stress in a timely manner (response sensitivity of ∼0.024 V/N, response time of ∼35 ms), but it can also monitor different body movements, such as joint bending, running, and jumping. This work opens up a new prospect of monitoring the human body as well as protecting human health from electromagnetic radiation surroundings.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759005

RESUMO

It is widely accepted that regulating microbiome could improve human health. We previously observed apple polysaccharide (AP) reversed high-fat-induced microbial dysbiosis, but the mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, the function of AP in vitro was evaluated in Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (L. rhamnosus). The effects of AP on the composition of fecal bacteria of normal SD rats were investigated by qPCR, TA cloning and 16S sequencing. 0.125-2% AP showed no significant effect on the growth of B. longum and L. rhamnosus. DNA concentration of fecal bacteria cultured with 1% AP was significantly higher than that of control group. qPCR revealed that the number of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in fecal flora incubated by 1% AP was significantly higher than that of control group. Three strains of escherichia coli (E. coli) in fecal bacteria were screened out and analyzed. AP can be utilized by one E. coli and the metabolic products of AP could enhance the proliferation of B. longum. These data suggest that AP could promote the growth of B. longum indirectly, and provide another basis to understand the health care function of apple.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701580

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC), Bacillus subtilis (BS) and Enterococcus faecalis (EF), singly and in combination, on the dry matter intake (DMI), milk production and composition, and faecal microflora of Saanen dairy goats. Fifty goats were randomly divided into five groups: (a) basal diet (control); (b) basal diet + SC; (c) basal diet + BS; (d) basal diet + EF; and (e) basal diet + mixed probiotics. Each treated animal received 5 g/d of probiotics for a total administration of 5 × 1,011 CFU/goat per day. The inclusion of B. subtilis and E. faecalis in the diet of lactating Saanen goats increased DMI (p < .05). Enhanced milk yield was observed with BS and EF. Milk fat percentage was significantly increased by feeding mixed probiotics compared with the control (p < .05); supplying SC, BS and mixed probiotics enhanced the protein percentage (p < .05). The milk lactose percentage in the SC and BS groups was higher than in the control (p < .05). The amount of milk total solids was higher after feeding EF or mixed probiotics than in the control group (p < .05). Non-fat solids showed no notable differences among groups (p > .05). There was no significant influence on gut bacterial abundance and diversity from adding these three probiotics, singly or in combination. Bacteroidales, Escherichia-Shigella and Christensenellaceae abundances were decreased by supplying these probiotics but Succinivibrionaceae increased. In conclusion, there were positive influences of probiotic feed supplementation on intake, milk performance and intestinal microecology.

14.
Neurosci Lett ; : 134623, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722235

RESUMO

Bone cancer pain (BCP) caused by primary or metastatic bone tumours significantly interferes with the quality of life of patients. However, the relief of BCP remains a major challenge. Our previous study demonstrated that intrathecal administration of the Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activator SRT1720 attenuated BCP in a murine model. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Previous studies demonstrated that the activation of the cAMP response element binding (CREB) protein played a critical role in BCP. Furthermore, SIRT1 can also regulate the balance between glucose and lipid metabolism through CREB deacetylation. In this study, we measured the analgesic effects of different intrathecal doses of SRT1720 on BCP in a murine model and further examined whether SRT1720 attenuated BCP by suppressing CREB/CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1 (CRTC1) signalling pathway. Our results demonstrated that the BCP mice developed significant mechanical allodynia and spontaneous flinching, which were accompanied by the upregulation of phospho-Ser133 CREB (p-CREB) and CRTC1 expression in the spinal cord. SRT1720 treatment produced a dose-dependent analgesic effect on the BCP mice and downregulated the expression of p-CREB and CRTC1. These results suggest that intrathecal administration of SRT1720 reverses BCP likely by inhibiting the CREB/CRTC1 signalling pathway.

15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 126791, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740251

RESUMO

Neddylation modification is often over-expressed in a variety of human tumor cells. Therefore, targeting neddylation pathway may represent a potential approach to the treatment of human tumors. Herein, we describe the discovery of a hit scaffold from our in-house library and further structure-based optimizations. In this work, compound V11 could block the neddylation and inhibit the activity of NAE (with an EC50 value of 3.56 µM), and a dose-dependent reduction of the Ubc12-NEDD8 conjugations was also observed. Molecular docking results suggest compound V11 could bind tightly to NAE via hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Compound V11 showed the best antiproliferative ability with an IC50 value of 8.22 µM against gastric cancer MGC-803 cells. Further anticancer activity studies suggested that compound V11 inhibited MGC-803 cell growth, caused a cell cycle arrestment at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis via extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways. All the findings suggest that 1,2,4-triazine scaffold might provide a novel scaffold for the further development of neddylation inhibitors and compound V11 might be a potential neddylation inhibitor with anticancer activity.

17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 520, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors including vitamin D, magnesium, and fat are known to affect bone mineral accrual. This study aimed to evaluate associations between dietary nutrient intakes (both macronutrients and micronutrients) and bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional, population-based study were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Participants aged from 8 to 19 years were included. The primary outcome was femoral neck BMD. RESULTS: Multivariate analyses revealed that for participants aged 8 to 11, daily sodium intake was significantly and positively associated with femoral neck BMD (B = 0.9 ×  10- 5, p = 0.031); in particular, subgroup analyses by sex found that in male participants aged 8-11, daily total cholesterol intake (B = 5.3 × 10- 5, p = 0.030) and calcium intake (B = - 2.0 × 10- 5, p < 0.05) were significantly associated with femoral neck BMD in a positive and negative manner, respectively, but neither were observed in female participants of this age group. In contrast, daily intakes of vitamin D and magnesium were significantly and positively associated with femoral neck BMD in female participants aged 8-11 (B = 246.8 × 10- 5 and 16.3 × 10- 5, p = 0.017 and 0.033, respectively). For participants aged 16 to 19, daily total fat intake was significantly and negatively associated with femoral neck BMD (B = - 58 × 10- 5, p = 0.048); further stratification by sex found that magnesium and sodium intakes were significantly and positively associated with femoral neck BMD only in females of this age group (B = 26.9 × 10- 5 and 2.1 × 10- 5, respectively; both p < 0.05). However, no significant associations between daily nutrient intakes and femoral neck BMD were identified in participants aged 12-15 before or after subgroup stratification. CONCLUSION: The study found that associations of specific nutrition-related variables with BMD of the femoral neck is dependent upon age and gender.

18.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 556, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As whole-genome sequencing is becoming a routine technique, it is important to identify a cost-effective depth of sequencing for such studies. However, the relationship between sequencing depth and biological results from the aspects of whole-genome coverage, variant discovery power and the quality of variants is unclear, especially in pigs. We sequenced the genomes of three Yorkshire boars at an approximately 20X depth on the Illumina HiSeq X Ten platform and downloaded whole-genome sequencing data for three Duroc and three Landrace pigs with an approximately 20X depth for each individual. Then, we downsampled the deep genome data by extracting twelve different proportions of 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.9 paired reads from the original bam files to mimic the sequence data of the same individuals at sequencing depths of 1.09X, 2.18X, 3.26X, 4.35X, 6.53X, 8.70X, 10.88X, 13.05X, 15.22X, 17.40X, 19.57X and 21.75X to evaluate the influence of genome coverage, the variant discovery rate and genotyping accuracy as a function of sequencing depth. In addition, SNP chip data for Yorkshire pigs were used as a validation for the comparison of single-sample calling and multisample calling algorithms. RESULTS: Our results indicated that 10X is an ideal practical depth for achieving plateau coverage and discovering accurate variants, which achieved greater than 99% genome coverage. The number of false-positive variants was increased dramatically at a depth of less than 4X, which covered 95% of the whole genome. In addition, the comparison of multi- and single-sample calling showed that multisample calling was more sensitive than single-sample calling, especially at lower depths. The number of variants discovered under multisample calling was 13-fold and 2-fold higher than that under single-sample calling at 1X and 22X, respectively. A large difference was observed when the depth was less than 4.38X. However, more false-positive variants were detected under multisample calling. CONCLUSIONS: Our research will inform important study design decisions regarding whole-genome sequencing depth. Our results will be helpful for choosing the appropriate depth to achieve the same power for studies performed under limited budgets.

19.
J Econ Entomol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773129

RESUMO

Hermetia illucens L. (the black soldier fly) has received increased attention because of its great potential in converting organic waste into a renewable resource. The prepupae have high proportions of proteins and fats and can serve as feedstuff for livestock and as feedstock for biodiesel production. With the goal to upgrade the conversion of low-value organic wastes into high-value proteins and fat on a large scale, the effects of the feedstuffs food waste, pig manure, chicken manure, and cow dung on the reproductive potential and nutrient composition of H. illucens were evaluated. The intrinsic rate of increase of H. illucens fed food waste (0.1249 d-1) was significantly greater than the rate of those fed pig manure (0.1167 d-1), chicken manure (0.1154 d-1), and cow dung (0.1049 d-1). The ash content of H. illucens fed food waste (30.8 g·kg-1 lyophilized prepupa matter (LPM)) was significantly lower than that of those fed chicken manure (37.6 g·kg-1 LPM) and cow dung (49.5 g·kg-1 LPM). The contents of crude fat, 372.4 g·kg-1 LPM, and protein, 436.9 g·kg-1 LPM, in prepupae fed food waste were the highest among the four treatments. The reproductive performance and prepupal nutrient composition indicated that food waste was the most suitable feed for H. illucens. The results from this study further demonstrate that the prepupae of H. illucens have great potential for use as a protein and fat source in animal feeds and as biodiesel material.

20.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225037, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721804

RESUMO

The most southern population of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) inhabits northeastern China, but the migration route and origin of this population have not been confirmed. The sequences of mitochondrial DNA control regions from domestic and wild herds from Eurasia and China were analysed. The results showed that the Chinese reindeer population originated independently from north-central Russian domestic herds, belonging to a large reindeer population that was present across Beringia during the last glacial period. Some studies have reported that the Chinese reindeer population is closely related to wild forest reindeer herds in Russia. Our results, however, indicate that wild forest reindeer herds of southeastern Russia contributed little or nothing to the Chinese reindeer herd gene pool. Chinese reindeer herds have a much greater genetic similarity to more northerly distributed tundra-type herds that inhabit open areas. The present findings will be essential for future conservation planning for Chinese reindeer.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA