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1.
Aquat Toxicol ; 271: 106933, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705000

RESUMO

The occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in aquatic ecosystems and their ability to absorb hydrophobic pollutants, such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), is currently a significant concern. MPs, which are the main breakdown product of plastics, have been frequently detected in the environment, posing serious threats to organisms' health. One particular pollutant, 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), is a dominant congener of PBDEs and is highly toxic to organisms. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the exposure of marine fishes to PBDEs through MPs and their combined toxic effects. In this study, the embryo toxicity of Hexagrammos otakii was conducted to investigate the combined effects of MPs and BDE-47. The results showed that MPs and BDE-47 co-exposure had detrimental effects on embryonic development, such as reduced hatchability, increased mortality, decreased heart rate, and body malformation. Moreover, the combined toxicity of these substances appeared more pronounced harmful effects compared to exposure to BDE-47 alone. Histopathological examination revealed that co-exposure can cause greater damage to hatching glands and yolk. The enrichment of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways included phagosome, metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, TCA cycle, and Wnt signaling pathway, which are closely related to embryonic growth. BDE-47 and MPs may activate the Wnt signaling pathway to affect the normal development of embryos. Our results suggest that MPs and BDE-47 exposure may cause growth disorders in the early life stages of H.otakii, leading to abnormal embryonic development. All these results will contribute to the further study of the ecological risk assessment and toxicity of MPs and organic pollutant mixtures in marine fish.


Assuntos
Embrião não Mamífero , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Adv Mater ; : e2400248, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742698

RESUMO

Single-crystal metal foils with high-index facets are currently being investigated owing to their potential application in the epitaxial growth of high-quality van der Waals film materials, electrochemical catalysis, gas sensing, and other fields. However, the controllable synthesis of large single-crystal metal foils with high-index facets remains a great challenge because high-index facets with high surface energy are not preferentially formed thermodynamically and kinetically. Herein, single-crystal nickel foils with a series of high-index facets are efficiently prepared by applying prestrain energy engineering technique, with the largest single-crystal foil exceeding 5×8 cm2 in size. In terms of thermodynamics, the internal mechanism of prestrain regulation on the formation of high-index facets is proposed. Molecular dynamics simulation is utilized to replicate and explain the phenomenon of multiple crystallographic orientations resulting from prestrain regulation. Additionally, large-sized and high-quality graphite films are successfully fabricated on single-crystal Ni(012) foils. Compared to the polycrystalline nickel, the graphite/single-crystal Ni(012) foil composites show more than five-fold increase in thermal conductivity, thereby showing great potential applications in thermal management. This study hence presents a novel approach for the preparation of single-crystal nickel foils with high-index facets, which is beneficial for the epitaxial growth of certain two-dimensional materials.

3.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1388575, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764572

RESUMO

Background: Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) is an increasingly well-known clinical phenomenon. However, its molecular characterizations are poorly understood, and still lacks of effective method to distinguish it from intrapulmonary metastasis (IM). Herein, we propose an identification model based on molecular multidimensional analysis in order to accurately optimize treatment. Methods: A total of 112 Chinese lung cancers harboring at least two tumors (n = 270) were enrolled. We retrospectively selected 74 patients with 121 tumor pairs and randomly divided the tumor pairs into a training cohort and a test cohort in a 7:3 ratio. A novel model was established in training cohort, optimized for MPLC identification using comprehensive genomic profiling analyzed by a broad panel with 808 cancer-related genes, and evaluated in the test cohort and a prospective validation cohort of 38 patients with 112 tumors. Results: We found differences in molecular characterizations between the two diseases and rigorously selected the characterizations to build an identification model. We evaluated the performance of the classifier using the test cohort data and observed an 89.5% percent agreement (PA) for MPLC and a 100.0% percent agreement for IM. The model showed an excellent area under the curve (AUC) of 0.947 and a 91.3% overall accuracy. Similarly, the assay achieved a considerable performance in the independent validation set with an AUC of 0.938 and an MPLC predictive value of 100%. More importantly, the MPLC predictive value of the classification achieved 100% in both the test set and validation cohort. Compared to our previous mutation-based method, the classifier showed better κ consistencies with clinical classification among all 112 patients (0.84 vs. 0.65, p <.01). Conclusion: These data provide novel evidence of MPLC-specific genomic characteristics and demonstrate that our one-step molecular classifier can accurately classify multifocal lung tumors as MPLC or IM, which suggested that broad panel NGS may be a useful tool for assisting with differential diagnoses.

4.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30759, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765170

RESUMO

Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a common treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the best therapeutic agent for TACE treatment has not been determined. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a systemic immune system marker; however, the ability of the NLR to predict the prognosis of patients with HCC is unknown, and no studies have been conducted to determine the most appropriate TACE regimen for HCC patients with different NLRs. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CNKI databases were searched through May 28, 2023. Comparisons of overall survival (OS) among cohort studies with different NLRs and different TACE treatment regimens were performed with a random effects model. Findings: Thirty-five studies involving 9210 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that Group 3-4 (NLR<2.5) patients had a significantly longer OS than Group 1-2 (NLR 2.5-5.0). Among the patients, Group 1-3 (NLR 2.0-5.0) patients had the best survival after treatment with adriamycin (lnHR (95 % CI = 0.48 [0.31, 0.75] and lnHR (95 % CI = 0.41 [0.19, 0.91]). Among the Group 4 patients (NLR<2.0), the best outcome was obtained with platinum + adriamycin (lnHR (95 % CI = 0.59 [0.45, 0.78]), followed by adriamycin. A subgroup analysis of TACE combined with other treatments showed that adriamycin combined with sorafenib was the most effective and superior to the other treatment agents. Interpretation: The NLR can be used to predict the prognosis of HCC patients treated with TACE; the higher the NLR is, the worse the prognosis. Adriamycin may be the best therapeutic agent for HCC patients treated with TACE.

5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1363805, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756941

RESUMO

The outcome of AL amyloidosis remains poor, particularly in patients with advanced organ involvement which takes long time to recovery. We conducted an observational study of two patients with AL amyloidosis treated with SDd regimen. Both patients successfully achieved significant hematological and organ responses without severe adverse events, and the time to organ response was remarkably shorter than previously reported. Notably, an over 15% reduction in interventricular septal thickness (IVST) was observed in patient#2 within 6 months. Up to now, SDd therapy has not been previously reported in AL amyloidosis and may be a promising option for these patients.

6.
Cell Rep ; 43(5): 114229, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758649

RESUMO

GPR133 (ADGRD1) is an adhesion G-protein-coupled receptor that signals through Gαs/cyclic AMP (cAMP) and is required for the growth of glioblastoma (GBM), an aggressive brain malignancy. The regulation of GPR133 signaling is incompletely understood. Here, we use proximity biotinylation proteomics to identify ESYT1, a Ca2+-dependent mediator of endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane bridge formation, as an intracellular interactor of GPR133. ESYT1 knockdown or knockout increases GPR133 signaling, while its overexpression has the opposite effect, without altering GPR133 levels in the plasma membrane. The GPR133-ESYT1 interaction requires the Ca2+-sensing C2C domain of ESYT1. Thapsigargin-mediated increases in cytosolic Ca2+ relieve signaling-suppressive effects of ESYT1 by promoting ESYT1-GPR133 dissociation. ESYT1 knockdown or knockout in GBM slows tumor growth, suggesting tumorigenic functions of ESYT1. Our findings demonstrate a mechanism for the modulation of GPR133 signaling by increased cytosolic Ca2+, which reduces the signaling-suppressive interaction between GPR133 and ESYT1 to raise cAMP levels.

7.
J Gen Psychol ; : 1-35, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722698

RESUMO

Extant research has demonstrated the positive roles of workplace friendships and has recently found the negative effect or the double-edged effect on employees and organizations. Unfortunately, little is known about the boundary condition of the double-edged effects of workplace friendships and the elaborated understanding of the mechanism of positive and negative effects of workplace friendship simultaneously. Our purpose is to reveal that workplace friendship is a mixed blessing by investigating when and how workplace friendships are likely to promote versus inhibit voice behavior. We propose that the double-edged effect of workplace friendship hinges on the competitive climate. Specifically, when the competitive climate is low, workplace friendship is positively related to employees' psychological safety, promoting voice behavior. In contrast, workplace friendship is positively related to employees' face concern, inhibiting voice behavior when the competitive climate is high. Our hypotheses were supported across the three waves of surveys and experimental studies. Taken together, our findings reveal the perils and benefits of workplace friendship and the importance of boundary conditions resulting in employees' differential psychological processes in friendship interaction.

8.
ChemSusChem ; : e202400466, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727153

RESUMO

As a result of full-scale ongoing global efforts, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite has skyrocketed. Unfortunately, the long-term operational stability for commercialization standards is still lagging owing to intrinsic defects such as ion migration-induced degradation, undercoordinated Pb2+, and shallow defects initiated by disordered crystal growth. Herein, we employed multifunctional, non-volatile tetra-methyl guanidine hydrochloride [TMGHCL] ionic liquid (IL) as an additive to elucidate defects' passivation effects on organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite. More specifically, the formation of hydrogen bonds between H+ in GA+ and I- and coordinate bonding between Cl- and undercoordinated PbI2+could significantly passivate these defects. The hypothesis was confirmed by both experimental and DFT simulations displaying that the optimized ratio of IL integration restrains ion migration, improving grains' size, and significantly elongating the carrier lifetime. Remarkably, the modified cell achieved a peak efficiency of 22.00% with negligible hysteresis, compared to the control device's PCE of 20.12%. In addition, the TMGHCL-based device retains its 93.29% efficiency after 16 days of continuous exposure to air. This efficient approach of adding IL to perovskites absorber can produce high PCE and has strong commercialization potential.

9.
ACS Omega ; 9(17): 18757-18765, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708210

RESUMO

An Exendin-4 analogue that was conjugated with 68Ga exhibited an excellent diagnostic effect on insulinoma in clinical practice. On account of its low molecular weight and short hydration radius, 68Ga-Exendin-4 showed high accumulation in kidney tissues. Nanoparticle-mediated strategies have attracted much attention due to polyvalent properties and the size amplification effect. In this study, Exendin-4 derivatives of radionuclide nanodevices were developed and evaluated. The Exendin-4 derivatives consisting of a ternary block recombinant protein were purified by an inverse transition cycle (ITC) and allowed to self-assemble into a nanodevice under physiological conditions. Our results showed that the nanoassemblies of Exendin-4 derivatives formed homogeneous spherical nanoparticles, exhibited outstanding affinity for insulinoma cells, and could be deposited in insulinoma tissues in vivo. The nanoassembly-mediated Exendin-4 derivatives showed fivefold reduced renal retention and exhibited an outstanding tumor-suppression effect.

10.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710666

RESUMO

The regenerative capability of the liver is remarkable, but further research is required to understand the role that neutrophils play in this process. In the present study, we reanalyzed single-cell RNA sequencing data from a mouse partial hepatectomy (PH) model to track the transcriptional changes in hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells. Notably, we unraveled the regenerative capacity of hepatocytes at diverse temporal points after PH, unveiling the contributions of three distinct zones in the liver regeneration process. In addition, we observed that the depletion of neutrophils reduced the survival and liver volume after PH, confirming the important role of neutrophils in liver regeneration. CellChat analysis revealed an intricate crosstalk between neutrophils and macrophages promoting liver regeneration and, using weighted gene correlation network analysis, we identified the most significant genetic module associated with liver regeneration. Our study found that hepatocytes in the periportal zone of the liver are more active than in other zones, suggesting that the crosstalk between neutrophils and macrophages might be a potential target for liver regeneration treatment.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407070, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712793

RESUMO

Oxetane synthase (TmCYP1), a novel cytochrome P450 enzyme from Taxus × media cell cultures, has been functionally characterized to efficiently catalyse the formation of the oxetane ring in tetracyclic taxoids. Transient expression of TmCYP1 in Nicotiana benthamiana using 2α,5α,7ß,9α,10ß,13α-hexaacetoxytaxa-4(20),11(12)-diene (1) as a substrate led to the production of a major oxetane derivative, 1ß-dehydroxybaccatin IV (1a), and a minor 4ß,20-epoxide derivative, baccatin I (1b). However, feeding the substrate decinnamoyltaxinine J (2), a 5-deacetylated derivative of 1, yielded only 5α-deacetylbaccatin I (2b), a 4ß,20-epoxide. A possible reaction mechanism was proposed on the basis of substrate-feeding, 2H and 18O isotope labelling experiments, and density functional theory calculations. This reaction could be an intramolecular oxidation-acetoxyl rearrangement and the construction of the oxetane ring may occur through a concerted process; however, the 4ß,20-epoxide might be a shunt product. In this process, the C5-O-acetyl group in substrate is crucial for the oxetane ring formation but not for the 4(20)-epoxy ring formation by TmCYP1. These findings provide a better understanding of the enzymatic formation of the oxetane ring in paclitaxel biosynthesis.

13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 220: 154-165, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis typically develops as a result of chronic liver injury, which involves inflammatory and regenerative processes. The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), predominantly expressing in hepatic non-parenchymal cells, plays a crucial role in regulating the function of macrophages. However, its mechanism in liver fibrosis remains poorly defined. METHODS: Experimental liver fibrosis models in wild type and TREM2-/- mice, and in vitro studies with AML-12 cells and Raw264.7 cells were conducted. The expression of TREM2 and related molecular mechanism were evaluated by using samples from patients with liver fibrosis. RESULTS: We demonstrated that TREM2 was upregulated in murine model with liver fibrosis. Mice lacking TREM2 exhibited reduced phagocytosis activity in macrophages following carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication. As a result, there was an increased accumulation of necrotic apoptotic hepatocytes. Additionally, TREM2 knockout aggravated the release of mitochondrial damage-associated molecular patterns (mito-DAMPs) from dead hepatocytes during CCl4 exposure, and further promoted the occurrence of macrophage-mediated M1 polarization. Then, TREM2-/- mice showed more serious fibrosis pathological changes. In vitro, the necrotic apoptosis inhibitor GSK872 effectively alleviated the release of mito-DAMPs in AML-12 cells after CCl4 intoxication, which confirmed that mito-DAMPs originated from dead liver cells. Moreover, direct stimulation of Raw264.7 cells by mito-DAMPs from liver tissue can induce intracellular inflammatory response. More importantly, TREM2 was elevated and inflammatory factors were markedly accumulated surrounding dead cells in the livers of human patients with liver fibrosis. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights that TREM2 serves as a negative regulator of liver fibrosis, suggesting its potential as a novel therapeutic target.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134430, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718502

RESUMO

Electrolytic manganese residue (EMR), a solid waste generated during electrolytic manganese production, exhibits substantial leaching toxicity owing to its elevated levels of soluble Mn2+ and NH4+. The leaching and recovery of valuable metal ions and NH4+ from EMR are key to the hazard-free treatment and resource utilization of EMR. In this study, two-stage countercurrent leaching with water was used to leach Mn2+, Mg2+, and NH4+ from EMR. Subsequently, two-stage countercurrent extraction was conducted using α-hydroxy-2-ethylhexyl phosphinic acid (α-H-2-EHA) as an extractant to enrich Mn2+, and Mg2+, and NH4+ were recovered via coprecipitation. Based on the calculations for a single leaching-extraction process, the recoveries of Mn2+, Mg2+, and NH4+ ions exceeded 80%, 99%, and 90%, respectively. In addition, high-purity Mn3O4 with an Mn content of 71.61% and struvite were produced. This process represents a win-win strategy that facilitates the hazard-free treatment of EMR while simultaneously recovering valuable Mn2+, Mg2+, and NH4+ resources from waste. Thus, this study provides a novel approach to the hazard-free and resourceful management of solid waste. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: Electrolytic manganese residue (EMR), a solid waste generated during electrolytic manganese production, poses significant environmental risks due to its soluble heavy metals and ammonia nitrogen content. Efforts have been made to address this issue, but there has been no mature industrial application due to cost or processing capacity constraints. In this work, solvent extraction was first used to enrich Mn2+ from EMR leachate, and a novel α­hydroxy­2­ethylhexyl phosphinic acid was used as extractant. High purity Mn3O4 and struvite was synthesized through this process. The win­win strategy offers a novel approach for the hazard­free and resourceful utilization of solid waste.

15.
Int J Surg ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frailty is recognized as a surrogate for physiological age and has been established as a valid and independent predictor of postoperative morbidity, mortality, and complications. ERAS can enhance surgical safety by minimizing stress responses in frail patients, enabling surgeons to discharge patients earlier. However, the question of whether and to what extent the frailty impacts the post-ERAS outcomes in older patients remains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An evidence-based ERAS program was implemented in our center from January 2019. This is a prospective cohort study of patients aged ≥75 years who underwent open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for degenerative spine disease from April 2019 to October 2021. Frailty was assessed with the Fried frailty scale (FP scale), and patients were categorized as non/prefrail (FP 0-2) or frail (FP ≥ 3). The preoperative variables, operative data, postoperative outcomes and follow-up information were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for 90-day major complications and prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS) after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 245 patients (age of 79.8 ± 3.4 yr) who had a preoperative FP score recorded and underwent scheduled TLIF surgery were included in the final analysis. Comparisons between non-frail and prefrail/frail patients revealed no significant difference in age, sex, and surgery-related variables. Even after adjusting for multiple comparisons, the association between Fried frailty and ADL-dependency, IADL-dependency, and malnutrition remained significant. Preoperative frailty was associated with increased rates of postoperative adverse events. A higher CCI grade was an independent predictor for 90-day major complications, while Fried frailty and MNA-SF scores <12 were predictive of poor postoperative recovery. CONCLUSION: Frail older patients had more adverse post-ERAS outcomes after TLIF compared to non/prefrail older patients. Continued research and multidisciplinary collaboration will be essential to refine and optimize protocols for surgical care in frail older adults.

17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118264, 2024 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692417

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Optimized New Shengmai Powder (ONSMP) is a sophisticated traditional Chinese medicinal formula renowned for bolstering vital energy, optimizing blood circulation, and mitigating fluid retention. After years of clinical application, ONSMP has shown a significant impact in improving myocardial injury and cardiac function and has a positive effect on treating heart failure. However, many unknowns exist about the molecular biological mechanisms of how ONSMP exerts its therapeutic effects, which require further research and exploration. AIM OF THE STUDY: Exploring the potential molecular biological mechanisms by which ONSMP ameliorates cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ferroptosis in ischemic heart failure (IHF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we constructed a rat model of IHF by inducing acute myocardial infarction through surgery and using echocardiography, organ coefficients, markers of heart failure, antioxidant markers, and histopathological examination to assess the effects of ONSMP on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ferroptosis in IHF rats. Next, we used bioinformatics analysis techniques to analyze the active components, signaling pathways, and core targets of ONSMP and calculated the interactions between core targets and corresponding elements. Finally, we detected the positive expression of apoptosis and ferroptosis markers and core indicators of signaling pathways by immunohistochemistry; detected the mean fluorescence intensity of core indicators of signaling pathways by immunofluorescence; detected the protein expression of signaling pathways and downstream effector molecules by western blotting; and detected the mRNA levels of p53 and downstream effector molecules by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: ONSMP can activate the Ser83 site of ASK by promoting the phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT axis, thereby inhibiting the MKK3/6-p38 axis and the MKK4/7-JNK axis signaling to reduce p53 expression, and can also directly target and inhibit the activity of p53, ultimately inhibiting p53-mediated mRNA and protein increases in PUMA, SAT1, PIG3, and TFR1, as well as mRNA and protein decreases in SLC7A11, thereby inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ferroptosis, effectively improving cardiac function and ventricular remodeling in IHF rat models. CONCLUSION: ONSMP can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ferroptosis through the PI3K/AKT/p53 signaling pathway, delaying the development of IHF.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ferroptose , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Animais , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Ratos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pós
18.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ; 115: 106257, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of the ankle osteoarthritis cases are posttraumatic and affect younger patients with a longer projected life span. Hence, joint-preserving surgery, such as supramalleolar osteotomy becomes popular among young patients, especially those with asymmetric arthritis due to alignment deformities. However, there is a lack of biomechanical studies on postoperative evaluation of stress at ankle joints. We aimed to construct a verifiable finite element model of the human hindfoot, and to explore the effect of different osteotomy parameters on the treatment of varus ankle arthritis. METHODS: The bones of the hindfoot are reconstructed using normal CT tomography data from healthy volunteers, while the cartilages and ligaments are determined from the literature. The finite element calculation results are compared with the weight-bearing CT(WBCT) data to validate the model. By setting different model parameters, such as the osteotomy height (L) and the osteotomy distraction distance (h), the effects of different surgical parameters on the contact stress of the ankle joint surface are compared. FINDINGS: The alignment and the deformation of hindfoot bones as determined by the finite element analysis aligns closely with the data obtained from WBCT. The maximum contact stress of the ankle joint surface calculated by this model increases with the increase of the varus angle. The maximum contact stresses as a function of the L and h on of the ankle joint surface are determined. INTERPRETATION: The relationship between surgical parameters and stress at the ankle joint in our study could further help guiding the planning of the supramalleolar osteotomy according to the varus/valgus alignment of the patients.

19.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851241246364, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with an extended Tofts linear (ETL) model for tissue and tumor evaluation has been established, but its effectiveness in evaluating the pancreas remains uncertain. PURPOSE: To understand the pharmacokinetics of normal pancreas and serve as a reference for future studies of pancreatic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pancreatic pharmacokinetic parameters of 54 volunteers were calculated using DCE-MRI with the ETL model. First, intra- and inter-observer reliability was assessed through the use of the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CoV). Second, a subgroup analysis of the pancreatic DCE-MRI pharmacokinetic parameters was carried out by dividing the 54 individuals into three groups based on the pancreatic region, three groups based on age, and two groups based on sex. RESULTS: There was excellent agreement and low variability of intra- and inter-observer to pancreatic DCE-MRI pharmacokinetic parameters. The intra- and inter-observer ICCs of Ktrans, kep, ve, and vp were 0.971, 0.952, 0.959, 0.944 and 0.947, 0.911, 0.978, 0.917, respectively. The intra- and inter-observer CoVs of Ktrans, kep, ve, vp were 9.98%, 5.99%, 6.47%, 4.76% and 10.15%, 5.22%, 6.28%, 5.40%, respectively. Only the pancreatic ve of the older group was higher than that of the young and middle-aged groups (P = 0.042, 0.001), and the vp of the pancreatic head was higher than that of the pancreatic body and tail (P = 0.014, 0.043). CONCLUSION: The application of DCE-MRI with an ETL model provides a reliable, robust, and reproducible means of non-invasively quantifying pancreatic pharmacokinetic parameters.

20.
Mol Immunol ; 171: 1-11, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696904

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a highly heterogeneous disease that threaten human life with serious incidence and high mortality. High heterogeneity of tumor microenvironment (TME) was reported in multiple studies. However, the factor of controlling the tumor migration progression between eary and late-stage LUAD is still not fully understood. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data of LUAD obtained from the GEO database. The identification of cell clusters revealed significant expansion of epithelial cells in late-stage patients. Interpretation of the cell-cell communication results between early-stage and late-stage patient samples indicated that early tumor cells may interact with epithelial cells through the TGF-ß pathway to promote tumor progression. The cell cycle analysis demonstrated a significant increase in the number of cells in the G2 and M phases in late-stage lung cancer. Further analysis using Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) revealed early-stage cell-specific gene features involved in cell adhesion-related biological processes. Among these, the Tensin (TNS) gene family, particularly TNS1, showed high expression in epithelial cells and fibroblasts of early-stage samples, specifically associated with cell adhesion. Survival analysis using TCGA database for LUAD demonstrated that patients with high expression of TNS1 exhibited significantly higher overall survival rates compared to those with low expression. Immunofluorescence experiments have demonstrated co-expression of TNS1 with fibroblast and tumor cell markers (α-SMA and EPCAM). Immunohistochemistry experiments further validated the significantly higher expression levels of TNS1 in early-stage LUAD tissues compared to late-stage lung cancer tissues (P<0.05). Pathway experiments have shown that early-stage tumor patients with high expression of TNS1 exhibit stronger phosphorylation levels of Akt and mTOR, indicating a more potent activation of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrate that TNS1 is an adhesive molecule in the immune microenvironment of early-stage tumor cells, and it may serve as a novel prognostic marker for lug cancer.

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