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1.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence base pertaining to the efficacy of monotherapies for androgenetic alopecia (AGA), the most common form of hair loss, is ever expanding-and this warrants a formal comparison therapies' effect on a frequent basis. AIMS: The objective of the current study was to determine the comparative effect of relevant monotherapies for male AGA. PATIENTS/METHODS: Our aim was achieved by conducting Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA), under a random effects model, for two outcomes: 6-month change in (1) total and (2) terminal hair density in adult (i.e., aged 18 years and above) men with AGA; these analyses were preceded by a systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature for suitable data. Interventions' surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) and pairwise relative effects (quantified as mean differences) were estimated through the NMAs. RESULTS: We determined the comparative effect of 20 active comparators and a control (i.e., placebo/vehicle). "Dutasteride 0.5 mg once daily for 24 weeks" was ranked the most effective in terms of 6-month change in (1) total hair density (SUCRA = 87%) and terminal hair density (SUCRA = 98%). Our results showed that interventions' effectiveness can be dose dependent. CONCLUSIONS: Our updated analyses of the up-to-date evidence regarding monotherapies for male AGA showed that the oral form of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are more effective than oral minoxidil and other newer agents like Botox, microneedling, and photobiomodulation. Our findings can better inform clinical decision making and design of future research studies.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732717

RESUMO

In recent years, a great deal of work has been devoted to the development of thermoresponsive polymers that can be made into new types of smart materials. In this paper, a branched polymer, HTPB-g-(PNIPAM/PEG), with polyolefin chain segments as the backbone and having polyethylene glycol (PEG) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) as side chains was synthesized by ATRP and click reactions using N3-HTPB-Br as the macroinitiator. This initiator was designed and synthesized using hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) as the substrate. The temperature-responsive behavior of the branched polymer was investigated. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the branched polymer was determined by ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) and was found to be 35.2 °C. The relationship between the diameter size of micelles and temperature was determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS). It was found that the diameter size changed at 36 °C, which was nearly consistent with the result obtained by UV-vis. The results of the study indicate that HTPB-g-(PNIPAM/PEG) is a temperature-responsive polymer. At room temperature, the polymer can self-assemble into composite micelles, with the main chain as the core and the branched chain as the shell. When the temperature was increased beyond LCST, the polyolefin main chain along with the PNIPAM branched chain assembled to form the nucleus, and the PEG branched chain constituted the shell.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710161

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Disinfectants play a critical role in reducing healthcare-associated infections by eliminating microorganisms on surfaces. However, prolonged use of disinfectants may adversely affect the skin microflora, essential for skin health and infection prevention. This study investigates the impact of disinfection on the skin microbiota and metabolites of medical personnel in operating rooms, aiming to provide a scientific foundation for safeguarding their skin health. METHODS: We conducted 16S sequencing and metabolomic analysis to assess the effects of disinfection on the skin microbiota and metabolites of medical personnel. Samples were collected from operating room personnel after disinfectant exposure to identify changes in microbial communities and metabolite profiles. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that prolonged use of disinfectants led to alterations in skin microbial communities and microbial metabolites. These alterations included the production of harmful metabolites that could potentially promote skin infections and other health issues among medical personnel. CONCLUSION: The findings underscore the importance of minimizing disruptions to skin microbiota and metabolites caused by long-term disinfectant use to preserve the overall health of medical personnel. This study provides valuable insights into the relationship between disinfectant use, skin microbiota, and metabolites, highlighting the necessity for further research in this area.

4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10313, 2024 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705875

RESUMO

Sunlight is closely intertwined with daily life. It remains unclear whether there are associations between sunlight exposure and brain structural markers. General linear regression analysis was used to compare the differences in brain structural markers among different sunlight exposure time groups. Stratification analyses were performed based on sex, age, and diseases (hypertension, stroke, diabetes). Restricted cubic spline was performed to examine the dose-response relationship between natural sunlight exposure and brain structural markers, with further stratification by season. A negative association of sunlight exposure time with brain structural markers was found in the upper tertile compared to the lower tertile. Prolonged natural sunlight exposure was associated with the volumes of total brain (ß: - 0.051, P < 0.001), white matter (ß: - 0.031, P = 0.023), gray matter (ß: - 0.067, P < 0.001), and white matter hyperintensities (ß: 0.059, P < 0.001). These associations were more pronounced in males and individuals under the age of 60. The results of the restricted cubic spline analysis showed a nonlinear relationship between sunlight exposure and brain structural markers, with the direction changing around 2 h of sunlight exposure. This study demonstrates that prolonged exposure to natural sunlight is associated with brain structural markers change.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Encéfalo , Luz Solar , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/efeitos da radiação , Idoso , Reino Unido , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Biomarcadores , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/efeitos da radiação , Adulto , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/efeitos da radiação , Estações do Ano , Biobanco do Reino Unido
5.
Virchows Arch ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733379

RESUMO

Cyclin D1 protein-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has an immunophenotype of CD5(-) cyclin D1(+) SOX11(-), and most cases lack a CCND1 rearrangement and have a gene expression profile of DLBCL. Rarely, cyclin D1 protein-positive DLBCL harbors a CCND1 rearrangement, and some genetic copy number features typical of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) have been detected. Since gene expression studies have not been performed, whether such CCND1-rearranged cases represent cyclin D1 protein-positive DLBCL or CD5/SOX11 double-negative pleomorphic MCL remains unclear. To date, no cases of CD5/SOX11 double-negative MCL have been reported. In this study, we collected eight cases initially diagnosed as cyclin D1 protein-positive DLBCL, including four with a CCND1 rearrangement and four without. Immunohistochemically, all four CCND1-rearranged cases had >50% of tumor cells positive for cyclin D1 protein, whereas only one (25%) non-rearranged case had >50% positive tumor cells. Analysis of genome-wide copy number, mutational, and gene expression profiles revealed that CCND1-rearranged cases were similar to MCL, whereas CCND1-non-rearranged cases resembled DLBCL. Despite the SOX11 negativity by immunohistochemistry, CCND1-rearranged cases had a notable trend (P = 0.064) of higher SOX11 mRNA levels compared to non-rearranged cases. Here, we show for the first time that CCND1 rearrangement could be useful for identifying CD5/SOX11 double-negative pleomorphic MCL in cases diagnosed as cyclin D1 protein-positive DLBCL. Cases with >50% cyclin D1 protein-positive tumor cells immunohistochemically and higher SOX11 mRNA levels are more likely to have a CCND1 rearrangement, and fluorescence in situ hybridization can be used to detect the rearrangement.

6.
Water Res ; 257: 121742, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733967

RESUMO

Sulfur autotrophic denitrification (SADN) is a promising biological wastewater treatment technology for nitrogen removal, and its performance highly relies on the collective activities of the microbial community. However, the effect of salt (a prevailing characteristic of some nitrogen-containing industrial wastewaters) on the microbial community of SADN is still unclear. In this study, the response of the sulfide-SADN process to different salinities (i.e., 1.5 % salinity, 0.5 % salinity, and without salinity) as well as the involved microbial mechanisms were investigated by molecular ecological network and metagenomics analyses. Results showed that the satisfactory nitrogen removal efficiency (>97 %) was achieved in the sulfide-SADN process (S/N molar ratio of 0.88) with 1.5 % salinity. In salinity scenarios, the genus Thiobacillus significantly proliferated and was detected as the dominant sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in the sulfide-SADN system, occupying a relative abundance of 29.4 %. Network analysis further elucidated that 1.5 % salinity had enabled the microbial community to form a more densely clustered network, which intensified the interactions between microorganisms and effectively improved the nitrogen removal performance of the sulfide-SADN. Metagenomics sequencing revealed that the abundance of functional genes encoding for key enzymes involved in SADN, dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium, and nitrification was up-regulated in the 1.5 % salinity scenario compared to that without salinity, stimulating the occurrence of multiple nitrogen transformation pathways. These multi-paths contributed to a robust SADN process (i.e., nitrogen removal efficiency >97 %, effluent nitrogen <2.5 mg N/L). This study deepens our understanding of the effect of salt on the SADN system at the community and functional level, and favors to advance the application of this sustainable bioprocess in saline wastewater treatment.

7.
Mycopathologia ; 189(3): 45, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734753

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The global spread of Trichophyton indotineae presents a pressing challenge in dermatophytosis management. This systematic review explores the current landscape of T. indotineae infections, emphasizing resistance patterns, susceptibility testing, mutational analysis, and management strategies. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in November 2023 using Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Inclusion criteria covered clinical trials, observational studies, case series, or case reports with T. indotineae diagnosis through molecular methods. Reports on resistance mechanisms, antifungal susceptibility testing, and management were used for data extraction. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A total of 1148 articles were identified through the systematic search process, with 45 meeting the inclusion criteria. The global spread of T. indotineae is evident, with cases reported in numerous new countries in 2023. Tentative epidemiological cut-off values (ECOFFs) suggested by several groups provide insights into the likelihood of clinical resistance. The presence of specific mutations, particularly Phe397Leu, correlate with higher minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), indicating potential clinical resistance. Azole resistance has also been reported and investigated in T. indotineae, and is a growing concern. Nevertheless, itraconazole continues to be an alternative therapy. Recommendations for management include oral or combination therapies and individualized approaches based on mutational analysis and susceptibility testing. CONCLUSION: Trichophyton indotineae poses a complex clinical scenario, necessitating enhanced surveillance, improved diagnostics, and cautious antifungal use. The absence of established clinical breakpoints for dermatophytes underscores the need for further research in this challenging field.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mutação , Tinha , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/genética , Tinha/tratamento farmacológico , Tinha/microbiologia , Trichophyton/efeitos dos fármacos , Trichophyton/genética , Saúde Global
8.
Curr Zool ; 70(2): 253-261, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726257

RESUMO

Vocal communication plays an important role in survival, reproduction, and animal social association. Birds and mammals produce complex vocal sequence to convey context-dependent information. Vocalizations are conspicuous features of the behavior of most anuran species (frogs and toads), and males usually alter their calling strategies according to ecological context to improve the attractiveness/competitiveness. However, very few studies have focused on the variation of vocal sequence in anurans. In the present study, we used both conventional method and network analysis to investigate the context-dependent vocal repertoire, vocal sequence, and call network structure in serrate-legged small treefrogs Kurixalus odontotarsus. We found that male K. odontotarsus modified their vocal sequence by switching to different call types and increasing repertoire size in the presence of a competitive rival. Specifically, compared with before and after the playback of advertisement calls, males emitted fewer advertisement calls, but more aggressive calls, encounter calls, and compound calls during the playback period. Network analysis revealed that the mean degree, mean closeness, and mean betweenness of the call networks significantly decreased during the playback period, which resulted in lower connectivity. In addition, the increased proportion of one-way motifs and average path length also indicated that the connectivity of the call network decreased in competitive context. However, the vocal sequence of K. odontotarsus did not display a clear small-world network structure, regardless of context. Our study presents a paradigm to apply network analysis to vocal sequence in anurans and has important implications for understanding the evolution and function of sequence patterns.

9.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709034

RESUMO

When searching over associations between congenital ear abnormalities, especially microtia and affiliated deformities like cleft lip or palate and congenital heart diseases, some clinical analysis and genetic theories are found. A 10-year-old boy sent to the plastic surgery hospital was puzzled by a congenital anterior auricular fistula with fluid trace for more than 9 years. The preoperative diagnoses were branchial cleft fistula and congenital left ear deformity with postoperation of TOF. By browsing over studies on genetic concerns and clinical performance, it may be attributed to a possible association between microtia, branchial cleft fistula, and tetralogy of Fallot, though whose fundamental mechanisms remain concerned.

10.
J Cell Biol ; 223(8)2024 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713825

RESUMO

Whether, to what extent, and how the axons in the central nervous system (CNS) can withstand sudden mechanical impacts remain unclear. By using a microfluidic device to apply controlled transverse mechanical stress to axons, we determined the stress levels that most axons can withstand and explored their instant responses at nanoscale resolution. We found mild stress triggers a highly reversible, rapid axon beading response, driven by actomyosin-II-dependent dynamic diameter modulations. This mechanism contributes to hindering the long-range spread of stress-induced Ca2+ elevations into non-stressed neuronal regions. Through pharmacological and molecular manipulations in vitro, we found that actomyosin-II inactivation diminishes the reversible beading process, fostering progressive Ca2+ spreading and thereby increasing acute axonal degeneration in stressed axons. Conversely, upregulating actomyosin-II activity prevents the progression of initial injury, protecting stressed axons from acute degeneration both in vitro and in vivo. Our study unveils the periodic actomyosin-II in axon shafts cortex as a novel protective mechanism, shielding neurons from detrimental effects caused by mechanical stress.


Assuntos
Actomiosina , Axônios , Estresse Mecânico , Animais , Camundongos , Actomiosina/metabolismo , Axônios/metabolismo , Axônios/patologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Degeneração Neural/patologia , Ratos
11.
Theranostics ; 14(7): 2794-2815, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773984

RESUMO

Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an irreversible, fatal interstitial lung disease lacking specific therapeutics. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) salvage biosynthesis pathway and a cytokine, has been previously reported as a biomarker for lung diseases; however, the role of NAMPT in pulmonary fibrosis has not been elucidated. Methods: We identified the NAMPT level changes in pulmonary fibrosis by analyzing public RNA-Seq databases, verified in collected clinical samples and mice pulmonary fibrosis model by Western blotting, qRT-PCR, ELISA and Immunohistochemical staining. We investigated the role and mechanism of NAMPT in lung fibrosis by using pharmacological inhibition on NAMPT and Nampt transgenic mice. In vivo macrophage depletion by clodronate liposomes and reinfusion of IL-4-induced M2 bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from wild-type mice, combined with in vitro cell experiments, were performed to further validate the mechanism underlying NAMPT involving lung fibrosis. Results: We found that NAMPT increased in the lungs of patients with IPF and mice with bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis. NAMPT inhibitor FK866 alleviated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice and significantly reduced NAMPT levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The lung single-cell RNA sequencing showed that NAMPT expression in monocytes/macrophages of IPF patients was much higher than in other lung cells. Knocking out NAMPT in mouse monocytes/macrophages (Namptfl/fl;Cx3cr1CreER) significantly alleviated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice, decreased NAMPT levels in BALF, reduced the infiltration of M2 macrophages in the lungs and improved mice survival. Depleting monocytes/macrophages in Namptfl/fl;Cx3cr1CreER mice by clodronate liposomes and subsequent pulmonary reinfusion of IL-4-induced M2 BMDMs from wild-type mice, reversed the protective effect of monocyte/macrophage NAMPT-deletion on lung fibrosis. In vitro experiments confirmed that the mechanism of NAMPT engaged in pulmonary fibrosis is related to the released NAMPT by macrophages promoting M2 polarization in a non-enzyme-dependent manner by activating the STAT6 signal pathway. Conclusions: NAMPT prompts bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by driving macrophage M2 polarization in mice. Targeting the NAMPT of monocytes/macrophages is a promising strategy for treating pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Bleomicina , Citocinas , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Macrófagos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase , Animais , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Camundongos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/induzido quimicamente , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Camundongos Transgênicos , Masculino , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Feminino , Acrilamidas
12.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777388

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the effect of preretinal tractional structures (PTS) and posterior scleral structures (PSS) on myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) progression. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 185 fellow highly myopic eyes of 185 participants who underwent surgery for MTM. PTS included epiretinal membrane, incomplete posterior vitreous detachment and their combination. PSS included posterior staphyloma and dome-shaped macula (DSM). The MTM stage was graded according to the Myopic Traction Maculopathy Staging System. Optical coherence tomography was used to identify MTM progression, defined as an upgrade of MTM. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used to assess MTM progression over the 3-year follow-up period. Risk factors for progression were identified using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: MTM progression was observed in 48 (25.9%) eyes. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates for eyes with PTS, staphyloma and DSM were 53.7%, 58.2% and 90.7%, respectively. Eyes with PTS and staphyloma exhibited lower 3-year PFS rates than those without PTS or staphyloma (P log-rank test =0.002 and <0.001), while eyes with DSM had a higher 3-year PFS rate than eyes without DSM (P log-rank test=0.01). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that PTS (HR, 3.23; p<0.001) and staphyloma (HR, 7.91; p<0.001) were associated with MTM progression, whereas DSM (HR, 0.23; p=0.046) was a protective factor. CONCLUSION: Both PTS and PSS play a critical role in the progression of MTM. Addressing these factors can aid in the management of MTM.

13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1377685, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38784575

RESUMO

Traditional environmental epidemiology has consistently focused on studying the impact of single exposures on specific health outcomes, considering concurrent exposures as variables to be controlled. However, with the continuous changes in environment, humans are increasingly facing more complex exposures to multi-pollutant mixtures. In this context, accurately assessing the impact of multi-pollutant mixtures on health has become a central concern in current environmental research. Simultaneously, the continuous development and optimization of statistical methods offer robust support for handling large datasets, strengthening the capability to conduct in-depth research on the effects of multiple exposures on health. In order to examine complicated exposure mixtures, we introduce commonly used statistical methods and their developments, such as weighted quantile sum, bayesian kernel machine regression, toxic equivalency analysis, and others. Delineating their applications, advantages, weaknesses, and interpretability of results. It also provides guidance for researchers involved in studying multi-pollutant mixtures, aiding them in selecting appropriate statistical methods and utilizing R software for more accurate and comprehensive assessments of the impact of multi-pollutant mixtures on human health.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental , Poluentes Ambientais , Humanos , Teorema de Bayes , Modelos Estatísticos
14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785353

RESUMO

The practical application of aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) is greatly challenged by rampant dendrites and pestilent side reactions resulting from an unstable Zn-electrolyte interphase. Herein, we report the construction of a reliable superstructured solid electrolyte interphase for stable Zn anodes by using mesoporous polydopamine (2D-mPDA) platelets as building blocks. The interphase shows a biomimetic nacre's "brick-and-mortar" structure and artificial transmembrane channels of hexagonally ordered mesopores in the plane, overcoming the mechanical robustness and ionic conductivity trade-off. Experimental results and simulations reveal that the -OH and -NH groups on the surface of artificial ion channels can promote rapid desolvation kinetics and serve as an ion sieve to homogenize the Zn2+ flux, thus inhibiting side reactions and ensuring uniform Zn deposition without dendrites. The 2D-mPDA@Zn electrode achieves an ultralow nucleation potential of 35 mV and maintains a Coulombic efficiency of 99.8% over 1500 cycles at 5 mA cm-2. Moreover, the symmetric battery exhibits a prolonged lifespan of over 580 h at a high current density of 20 mA cm-2. This biomimetic superstructured interphase also demonstrates the high feasibility in Zn//VO2 full cells and paves a new route for rechargeable aqueous metal-ion batteries.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787318

RESUMO

Objective This study aimed to investigate the molecular transmission network and drug resistance in treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected patients in the Liangshan District, China. Methods The research subjects for this study were HIV-1 infected patients who did not receive any anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in the Liangshan District between January 2022 and July 2023. Peripheral venous whole blood samples were collected from the research subjects. 2 mL blood was used for CD4+ T lymphocyte counting detection. 10 mL blood was centrifuged to separate the plasma and blood cells for quantitative detection of HIV-1 RNA and DNA and drug resistance testing of HIV-1. Results A total of 156 participants were included in this study (88 males and 68 females). The median age of the participants was 37 years old. The findings revealed a positive correlation between the HIV-1 DNA and the HIV-1 RNA levels (r=0.478, P<0.001). However, a negative correlation was observed between HIV-1 DNA levels and CD4+ T lymphocyte counts (r=-0.186, P=0.020). Of the 156 participants, 148 were successfully tested for drug resistance of HIV-1 RNA and HIV-1 DNA simultaneously. Four cases failed the HIV-1 RNA drug resistance testing, and another four failed the HIV-1 DNA drug resistance testing. The most common HIV-1 subtype was the CRF07_BC recombinant. In this study, the overall incidence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) was 8.33%. The resistance rates of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) and protease inhibitor (PI) were 7.69% and 0.64%, respectively. Additionally, 32 participants were found to have drug-resistant mutations. The primary drug-resistant mutations were K103N, V179D, E157Q, and A128T, mainly against efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP) resistance. Conclusion The drug resistance of HIV-1 infected ART-naïve patients in the Liangshan District cannot be ignored. HIV-1 drug resistance testing is recommended before initiating ART.

16.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 12917-12932, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720520

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) refer to multifaceted disorders in the intestinal microenvironment and microbiota homeostasis. In view of the broad bioactivity and high compatibility of polyphenols, there is considerable interest in developing a polyphenol-based collaborative platform to remodel the IBD microenvironment and regulate microbiota. Here, we demonstrated the coordination assembly of nanostructured polyphenols to modify probiotics and simultaneously deliver drugs for IBD treatment. Inspired by the distinctive structure of tannic acid (TA), we fabricated nanostructured pBDT-TA by using a self-polymerizable aromatic dithiol (BDT) and TA, which exhibited excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capability in vitro. We thus coated pBDT-TA and sodium alginate (SA) to the surface of Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 layer by layer to construct the collaborative platform EcN@SA-pBDT-TA. The modified probiotics showed improved resistance to oxidative and inflammatory stress, which resulted in superior colon accumulation and retention in IBD model mice. Further, EcN@SA-pBDT-TA could alleviate dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis by controlling the inflammatory response, repairing intestinal barriers, and modulating gut microbiota. Importantly, EcN@SA-pBDT-TA-mediated IBD drug delivery could achieve an improved therapeutic effect in DSS model mice. Given the availability and functionality of polyphenol and prebiotics, we expected that nanostructured polyphenol-modified probiotics provided a solution to develop a collaborative platform for IBD treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Nanopartículas , Polifenóis , Probióticos , Taninos , Animais , Probióticos/farmacologia , Probióticos/química , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Taninos/química , Taninos/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfato de Dextrana/química , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 402: 130782, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701982

RESUMO

Microbial production of versatile applicability medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) (C6-C10) from waste activated sludge (WAS) provides a pioneering approach for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to achieve carbon recovery. Mounting studies emerged endeavored to promote the MCFAs production from WAS while struggling with limited MCFAs production and selectivity. Herein, this review covers comprehensive introduction of the transformation process from WAS to MCFAs and elaborates the mechanisms for unsatisfactory MCFAs production. The enhancement strategies for biotransformation of WAS to MCFAs was presented. Especially, the robust performance of iron-based materials is highlighted. Furthermore, knowledge gaps are identified to outline future research directions. Recycling MCFAs from WAS presents a promising option for future WAS treatment, with iron-based materials emerging as a key regulatory strategy in advancing the application of WAS-to-MCFAs biotechnology. This review will advance the understanding of MCFAs recovery from WAS and promote sustainable resource management in WWTPs.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767796

RESUMO

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a common clinical cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Sodium glucose cotransporter protein inhibitor (SGLTi) is a novel hypoglycemic drug. To date, both clinical trials and animal experiments have shown that SGLTi play a protective role in IHD, including myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). The protective effects may be involved in mechanisms of energy metabolic conversion, anti-inflammation, anti-fibrosis, ionic homeostasis improvement, immune cell development, angiogenesis and functional regulation, gut microbiota regulation, and epicardial lipids. Thus, this review summarizes the above mechanisms and aims to provide theoretical evidence for therapeutic strategies for IHD.

19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 150: 109602, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729252

RESUMO

Greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili) is a fish species that has significant economic and cultural value. It has a large size and grows rapidly. However, the intolerance to hypoxia poses a major obstacle to the growth of its aquaculture industry. This study focuses on the gills and spleen, two organs closely associated with the response to acute hypoxic stress. By simulating the acute hypoxic environment and using Illumina RNA-Seq technology, we explored the gills and spleen transcriptome changes in the acute hypoxia intolerant and tolerant groups of greater amberjack. It was discovered that gill tissues in the tolerant group may maintain a stable intracellular energy supply by promoting glycolysis and ß-oxidation compared to the intolerant group. Additionally, it promotes angiogenesis, enhances the ability to absorb dissolved oxygen, and accelerates oxygen transport to the mitochondria, adapting to the hypoxic environment. Anti-apoptotic genes were up-regulated in gill tissues in the tolerant group compared to the intolerant group, thereby minimizing the damage of acute hypoxia. On the other hand, the spleen inhibited the TCA and energy-consuming lipid synthesis pathways to supply energy under acute hypoxic stress. Pro-angiogenic genes were down-regulated in the spleen of individuals in the tolerant group compared to the intolerant group, which may be related to organ function. The suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the impaired immune response function of the spleen were also found. The study explored the acute hypoxic stress response in greater amberjack and the molecular mechanisms underlying its tolerance to acute hypoxia.

20.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1305570, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756498

RESUMO

Background: With increased life expectancy, cognitive decline has emerged as a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder. Objective: This study aimed to examine the correlation between concentrations of Plasma long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) and cognitive performance in elderly Americans. Methods: Data were analyzed from older adults enrolled in two NHANES cycles. Participants completed four cognitive assessments, including the Immediate Recall Test (IRT), Delayed Recall Test (DRT), Animal Fluency Test (AFT), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST). Linear regression and restricted cubic spline modeling examined associations between plasma LCPUFAs levels and cognitive test outcomes. Results: The cohort included 610 adults aged 69 years on average, 300 (49.2%) males and 310 (50.8%) females. The median LCPUFAs concentration was 309.4 µmol/L, with an interquartile range of 244.7-418.9 µmol/L. In unadjusted and adjusted generalized linear regression model analyses, circulating LCPUFAs exhibited significant positive correlations with DRT performance. No relationships were detected among those with chronic conditions (chronic heart failure, stroke, diabetes). A significant association between LCPUFAs levels and DRT scores was evident in males but not females. Conclusion: Plasma LCPUFAs concentrations were significantly associated with DRT performance in males free of chronic illnesses, including heart failure, stroke, and diabetes.

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