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1.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101351, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623513

RESUMO

Katsuwonus pelamis is a tuna species mostly sold for canned fillets, its livers were lack of utilization. This study thus investigated an oil production method combining microwave (MW) pretreatment and subcritical dimethyl ether (SDME) in aim to reach improved efficiency and oil quality. The heating characteristics from different MW powers (400, 600, and 800 W) were evaluated, and SEM showed MW having hydrolysis effect on matrix lipoprotein, the fortified recovery rate was also found. Under the MW-SDME condition with 600 W power, 1:5 solid-to-liquid ratio, and 100 min, the recovery reached 93.21% in maximal (SDME ∼50%). To further improve quality, MW powers was noticed affecting lipid types, fatty acid composition, and oxidative stability of produced oils. 1286 lipid types (mostly glyceride and phospholipid-type) were identified, while higher MW lowered the emulsifying phospholipids prompting phase separation. Several oxidation indexes consistently increased with the rising MW power, GC-MS suggested 400 W for higher DHA.

2.
J Clin Immunol ; 44(4): 102, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634985

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Autoimmunity is a significant feature of APDS1 patients. We aimed to explore the pathogenic immune phenotype and possible mechanisms of autoimmunity in APDS1 patients. METHODS: The clinical records and laboratory data of 42 APDS1 patients were reviewed. Immunophenotypes were evaluated by multiparametric flow cytometry. Autoantibodies were detected via antigen microarray analysis. RESULTS: A total of 42 children with PIK3CD gene mutations were enrolled. Immunological tests revealed increased proportions of effector memory cells (86%) and central memory cells (59%) among CD4+ T cells; increased proportions of effector memory cells (83%) and terminally differentiated effector memory T cells (38%) among CD8+ T cells. Fewer CD3+ T cells and B cells and higher IgG levels were reported in patients with autoimmunity. The proportion of Tregs was decreased, and the proportions of Th9, Tfh, and Tfr cells were increased in APDS1 patients. Among APDS1 patients, higher proportion of Th2 and Tfr cells were found in those with autoimmunity. The proportions of CD11c+ B and CD21lo B cells in patients with autoimmunity were significantly increased. Antigen microarray analysis revealed a wide range of IgG/IgM autoantibodies in patients with APDS1. In patients with autoimmunity, the proportion of Tfr might be positively correlated with autoantibodies. CONCLUSIONS: The pathogenic immune phenotype of APDS1 patients included (1) deceased CD3+ T-cell and B-cell counts and increased IgG levels in patients with autoimmunity, (2) an imbalanced T helper cell subset, (3) increased proportions of autoreactive B cells, and (4) distinct autoantibody reactivities in patients with autoimmunity.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404060, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588061

RESUMO

Multi-dimensional force sensing that combines intensity, location, area and the like could gather a wealth of information from mechanical stimuli. Developing materials with force-induced optical and electrical dual responses would provide unique opportunities to multi-dimensional force sensing, with electrical signals quantifying the force amplitude and the luminescence output providing spatial distribution of force. However, the reliance on external power supply and high-energy excitation source brings significant challenges to the applicability of multi-dimensional force sensors. Here we reported the mechanical energy-driven and sunlight-activated materials with force-induced dual responses, and investigated the underlying mechanisms of self-sustainable force sensing. Theoretical analysis and experimental data unraveled that trap-controlled luminescence and interfacial electron transfer play a major role in force-induced optical and electrical output. These materials were manufactured into pressure sensor with renewable dual-mode output for quantifying and visualization of pressures by electrical and optical output, respectively, without power supply and high-energy irradiation. The quantification of tactile sensation and stimuli localization of mice highlighted the multi-dimensional sensing ability of the sensor. Overall, this self-powered pressure sensor with multimodal output provides more modalities of force sensing, poised to change the way that intelligent devices sense with the world.

4.
Food Funct ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590241

RESUMO

Higher intakes of individual antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, and E have been linked to mortality in the general population, but the association of overall antioxidant intake with mortality especially in depressed adults remains unclear. We aimed to investigate whether the dietary overall antioxidant intake is associated with all-cause and cause-specific mortality among depressed adults. This study included 3051 US adults with depression, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2018. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to define depression and evaluate depression severity. The dietary antioxidant quality score (DAQS) and dietary antioxidant index (DAI) were calculated based on the intakes of vitamins A, C, and E, zinc, selenium, and magnesium. A higher DAQS and DAI were significantly associated with lower depression scores (PHQ-9) (all P-trend < 0.05). For individual antioxidants, significant negative associations of vitamins A and E with all-cause mortality were observed. For overall antioxidant intake, the DAQS and DAI were inversely associated with all-cause and cancer mortality. Compared with participants in the lowest categories of DAQS and DAI, the corresponding HRs (95% CIs) in the highest categories were 0.63 (0.42-0.93) and 0.70 (0.49-0.98) for all-cause mortality and 0.39 (0.17-0.87) and 0.43 (0.21-0.88) for cancer mortality, respectively. The overall dietary antioxidant intake was beneficially associated with all-cause and cancer mortality in depressed adults. These findings suggest that comprehensive dietary antioxidant intake may improve depressive symptoms and lower mortality risk among adults with depression.

5.
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; : 1-20, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567503

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small-molecule peptides with a unique antimicrobial mechanism. Other notable biological activities of AMPs, including anti-inflammatory, angiogenesis, and bone formation effects, have recently received widespread attention. These remarkable bioactivities, combined with the unique antimicrobial mechanism of action of AMPs, have led to their increasingly important role in bone regeneration. AREAS COVERED: In this review, on the one hand, we aimed to summarize information about the AMPs that are currently used for bone regeneration by reviewing published literature in the PubMed database. On the other hand, we also highlight some AMPs with potential roles in bone regeneration and their possible mechanisms of action. EXPERT OPINION: The translation of AMPs to the clinic still faces many problems, but their unique antimicrobial mechanisms and other conspicuous biological activities suggest great potential. An in-depth understanding of the structure and mechanism of action of AMPs will help us to subsequently combine AMPs with different carrier systems and perform structural modifications to reduce toxicity and achieve stable release, which may be a key strategy for facilitating the translation of AMPs to the clinic.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1367725, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481789

RESUMO

Soil microorganisms and enzymes play crucial roles in soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration by promoting soil aggregate formation and stability and by participating in SOC cycling and accumulation. However, the effects by which soil microorganisms and enzymes act as mediators driving dynamic changes in SOC during rapid urbanization remain unclear. Therefore, this study selected the built-up area of Nanchang City, China (505 km2), as the study area. Sampling surveys were conducted using 184 sample plots stratified based on the proportion of impermeable surface area to distinguish different urbanization levels. The driving factors of dynamic changes in SOC of different aggregates during the process of urbanization were analyzed using the soil microbial community and enzyme activities. The results demonstrated that with an increase in urbanization intensity, both SOC content and stock exhibited a significant decline (p < 0.05). The highest SOC stock and contribution rate were observed in the 0.25-1 mm aggregates, and they were significantly influenced by urbanization (p < 0.05). In addition, the biomass of gram-positive bacteria (G+) and actinomycetota, and the activities of N-acetylglucosaminidase and acid phosphatase (AP) were significantly higher in low-urbanization areas than in high-urbanization areas (p < 0.05). SOC of each aggregate was positively correlated with fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, G+, gram-negative bacteria, actinomycetota, protozoa, ß-1,4-glucosidase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, AP, urease, and catalase. Compared to soil enzymes, soil microorganisms exhibited a greater role in SOC sequestration (22.7%). Additionally, a structural equation model indicated that urbanization can directly or indirectly lead to a decrease in SOC of aggregates by altering soil physicochemical properties and affecting microbial and enzyme dynamics. However, the larger vegetation characteristics index mitigate the negative impacts of urbanization on SOC. Overall, urbanization had a negative impact on soil carbon storage. In the future, it is important to consider strategies that focus on improving soil nutrients, maintaining soil structure, protecting existing urban trees, and enhancing plant diversity during the urbanization process. These measures can help increase soil microbial biomass and enzyme activity, thereby improving soil and aggregate-related SOC content. The study could contribute to enhancing carbon sequestration in urban greenspaces.

7.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155432, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer, the second leading cause of death worldwide following cardiovascular diseases, presents a formidable challenge in clinical settings due to the extensive toxic side effects associated with primary chemotherapy drugs employed for cancer treatment. Furthermore, the emergence of drug resistance against specific chemotherapeutic agents has further complicated the situation. Consequently, there exists an urgent imperative to investigate novel anticancer drugs. Steroidal saponins, a class of natural compounds, have demonstrated notable antitumor efficacy. Nonetheless, their translation into clinical applications has remained unrealized thus far. In light of this, we conducted a comprehensive systematic review elucidating the antitumor activity, underlying mechanisms, and inherent limitations of steroidal saponins. Additionally, we propose a series of strategic approaches and recommendations to augment the antitumor potential of steroidal saponin compounds, thereby offering prospective insights for their eventual clinical implementation. PURPOSE: This review summarizes steroidal saponins' antitumor activity, mechanisms, and limitations. METHODS: The data included in this review are sourced from authoritative databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and others. RESULTS: A comprehensive summary of over 40 steroidal saponin compounds with proven antitumor activity, including their applicable tumor types and structural characteristics, has been compiled. These steroidal saponins can be primarily classified into five categories: spirostanol, isospirostanol, furostanol, steroidal alkaloids, and cholestanol. The isospirostanol and cholestanol saponins are found to have more potent antitumor activity. The primary antitumor mechanisms of these saponins include tumor cell apoptosis, autophagy induction, inhibition of tumor migration, overcoming drug resistance, and cell cycle arrest. However, steroidal saponins have limitations, such as higher cytotoxicity and lower bioavailability. Furthermore, strategies to address these drawbacks have been proposed. CONCLUSION: In summary, isospirostanol and cholestanol steroidal saponins demonstrate notable antitumor activity and different structural categories of steroidal saponins exhibit variations in their antitumor signaling pathways. However, the clinical application of steroidal saponins in cancer treatment still faces limitations, and further research and development are necessary to advance their potential in tumor therapy.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403972, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491769

RESUMO

Recycling of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites (CFRCs) based on thermosetting plastics is difficult. In the present study, high-performance CFRCs are fabricated through complexation of aromatic pinacol-cross-linked polyurethane (PU-AP) thermosets with carbon fiber (CF) cloths. PU-AP thermosets exhibit a breaking strength of 95.5 MPa and toughness of 473.6 MJ m-3 and contain abundant hydrogen-bonding groups, which can have strong adhesion with CFs. Because of the high interfacial adhesion between CF cloths and PU-AP thermosets and high toughness of PU-AP thermosets, CF/PU-AP composites possess a high tensile strength of >870 MPa. Upon heating in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) at 100 °C, the aromatic pinacols in the CF/PU-AP composites can be cleaved, generating non-destructive CF cloths and linear polymers that can be converted to high-performance elastomers. The elastomers are mechanically robust, healable, reprocessable, and damage-resistant with an extremely high tensile strength of 74.2 MPa and fracture energy of 149.6 kJ m-2. As a result, dissociation of CF/PU-AP composites enables the recovery of reusable CF cloths and high-performance elastomers, thus realizing the upcycling of CF/PU-AP composites.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(11): 7858-7867, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457662

RESUMO

Developing efficient bifunctional materials is highly desirable for overall proton membrane water splitting. However, the design of iridium materials with high overall acidic water splitting activity and durability, as well as an in-depth understanding of the catalytic mechanism, is challenging. Herein, we successfully developed subnanoporous Ir3Ni ultrathin nanocages with high crystallinity as bifunctional materials for acidic water splitting. The subnanoporous shell enables Ir3Ni NCs optimized exposure of active sites. Importantly, the nickel incorporation contributes to the favorable thermodynamics of the electrocatalysis of the OER after surface reconstruction and optimized hydrogen adsorption free energy in HER electrocatalysis, which induce enhanced intrinsic activity of the acidic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Together, the Ir3Ni nanocages achieve 3.72 A/mgIr(η=350 mV) and 4.47 A/mgIr(η=40 mV) OER and HER mass activity, which are 18.8 times and 3.3 times higher than that of commercial IrO2 and Pt, respectively. In addition, their highly crystalline identity ensures a robust nanostructure, enabling good catalytic durability during the oxygen evolution reaction after surface oxidation. This work provides a new revenue toward the structural design and insightful understanding of metal alloy catalytic mechanisms for the bifunctional acidic water splitting electrocatalysis.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 923: 171370, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438037

RESUMO

Soil respiration the second-largest carbon flux in terrestrial ecosystems, has been extensively studied across a wide range of biomes. Surprisingly, no consensus exist on how acid rain (AR) impacts the spatiotemporal pattern of soil respiration. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis using 318 soil respiration and 263 soil respiration temperature sensitivity (Q10) data points obtained from 48 studies to assess the impact of AR on soil respiration components and their Q10. The results showed that AR reduced soil total respiration (Rt) and soil autotrophic respiration (Ra) by 7.41 % and 20.75 %, respectively. As the H+ input increased, the response rates of Ra to AR (RR-Ra) and soil heterotrophic respiration (Rh) to AR (RR-Rh) decreased and increased, respectively. With increased AR duration, the RR-Ra increased, whereas the RR-Rh did not change. AR increased the Q10 of Rt (Rt-Q10) and Rh (Rh-Q10) by 1.92 % and 9.47 %, respectively, and decreased the Q10 of Ra (Ra-Q10) by 2.77 %. Increased mean annual temperature, mean annual precipitation, and initial soil organic carbon increased the response rate of Ra-Q10 to AR (RR-Ra-Q10) and decreased the response rate of Rh-Q10 to AR (RR-Rh-Q10). However, as the AR frequency and initial soil pH increased, both RR-Ra-Q10 and RR-Rh-Q10 also increased. In summary, AR decreased Rt but increased Q10, likely due to soil acidification (soil pH decreased by 7.84 %), reducing plant root biomass (decreased by 5.67 %) and soil microbial biomass (decreased by 5.67 %), changing microbial communities (increased fungi to bacteria ratio of 15.91 %), and regulated by climate, vegetation, soil and AR regimes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to reveal the large-scale, varied response patterns of soil respiration components and their Q10 to AR. It highlights the importance of applying the reductionism theory in soil respiration research to enhance our understanding of soil carbon cycling processes with in the context of global climate change.


Assuntos
Chuva Ácida , Ecossistema , Solo , Temperatura , Carbono , Respiração , Ciclo do Carbono
11.
Angiology ; : 33197241239688, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480469

RESUMO

Patients with well-controlled low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels still suffer from the progress of the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and can develop adverse outcomes. We conducted this study to analyze the relationship between elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels and ASCVD risk. We enrolled 8070 patients in the ASCVD group and 440 participants in the non-ASCVD group [median age of 60 years; 6376 (74.9%) were male]. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the relationships between the lipids and ASCVD. These models showed that the Lp(a) level was a significant independent risk factor for ASCVD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.025, confidence interval (CI) = 1.020-1.029, P < .001]. The different categories analysis showed the OR of the high Lp(a)/low LDL-C group was 9.612 [CI = 6.206-14.887], P < .001. Our study demonstrated that elevated Lp(a) levels were associated with the increased ASCVD risk. Also, the patients with low LDL-C but high Lp(a) levels still had a higher risk of developing ASCVD than the low Lp(a)/high LDL-C group. In addition, elevated Lp(a) levels were associated with a higher ASCVD risk in males, hypertensive, and diabetic patients.

12.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 204, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349428

RESUMO

Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a natural antioxidant with diverse applications in food and pharmaceutical industries. A lot of effort has been devoted toward the discovery of PQQ high-producing microbial species and characterization of biosynthesis, but it is still challenging to achieve a high PQQ yield. In this study, a combined strategy of random mutagenesis and adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) with fermentation optimization was applied to improve PQQ production in Hyphomicrobium denitrificans H4-45. A mutant strain AE-9 was obtained after nearly 400 generations of UV-LiCl mutagenesis, followed by an ALE process, which was conducted with a consecutive increase of oxidative stress generated by kanamycin, sodium sulfide, and potassium tellurite. In the flask culture condition, the PQQ production in mutant strain AE-9 had an 80.4% increase, and the cell density increased by 14.9% when compared with that of the initial strain H4-45. Moreover, batch and fed-batch fermentation processes were optimized to further improve PQQ production by pH control strategy, methanol and H2O2 feed flow, and segmented fermentation process. Finally, the highest PQQ production and productivity of the mutant strain AE-9 reached 307 mg/L and 4.26 mg/L/h in a 3.7-L bioreactor, respectively. Whole genome sequencing analysis showed that genetic mutations in the ftfL gene and thiC gene might contribute to improving PQQ production by enhancing methanol consumption and cell growth in the AE-9 strain. Our study provided a systematic strategy to obtain a PQQ high-producing mutant strain and achieve high production of PQQ in fermentation. These practical methods could be applicable to improve the production of other antioxidant compounds with uncleared regulation mechanisms. KEY POINTS: • Improvement of PQQ production by UV-LiCl mutagenesis combined with adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) and fermentation optimization. • A consecutive increase of oxidative stress could be used as the antagonistic factor for ALE to enhance PQQ production. • Mutations in the ftfL gene and thiC gene indicated that PQQ production might be increased by enhancing methanol consumption and cell growth.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Hyphomicrobium , Cofator PQQ , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Metanol , Estresse Oxidativo
13.
Nat Cell Biol ; 26(2): 278-293, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302721

RESUMO

Lipids are indispensable for energy storage, membrane structure and cell signalling. However, dynamic changes in various categories of endogenous lipids in mammalian early embryonic development have not been systematically characterized. Here we comprehensively investigated the dynamic lipid landscape during mouse and human early embryo development. Lipid signatures of different developmental stages are distinct, particularly for the phospholipid classes. We highlight that the high degree of phospholipid unsaturation is a conserved feature as embryos develop to the blastocyst stage. Moreover, we show that lipid desaturases such as SCD1 are required for in vitro blastocyst development and blastocyst implantation. One of the mechanisms is through the regulation of unsaturated fatty-acid-mediated fluidity of the plasma membrane and apical proteins and the establishment of apical-basal polarity during development of the eight-cell embryo to the blastocyst. Overall, our study provides an invaluable resource about the remodelling of the endogenous lipidome in mammalian preimplantation embryo development and mechanistic insights into the regulation of embryogenesis and implantation by lipid unsaturation.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipidômica , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Blastocisto/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Mamíferos
14.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 11(2)2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392281

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effect of long-term (≥1 year) sleep quality on coronary lesion complexity and cardiovascular prognosis in young acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We consecutively recruited young patients aged from 18 to 44 years old with first-episode ACS and significant epicardial stenosis on coronary angiography from January 2016 to January 2017. Coronary lesion complexity was evaluated based on SYNTAX scores. Long-term sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) (PSQI ≤ 5 and PSQI > 5 groups). The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). A total of 466 young ACS patients (93.13% male; median age, 41 years) were included. Poor sleepers (PSQI > 5) had higher SYNTAX scores. After adjusting for confounders, PSQI scores (continuous variables, OR: 1.264; 95%CI: 1.166-1.371; p < 0.001) and PSQI grade (binary variable, OR: 3.864; 95%CI: 2.313-6.394; p = 0.001) were significantly associated with an increased risk of complex coronary lesions. During a median follow-up of 74 months, long-term poor sleep quality (PSQI > 5) was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACEs (HR: 4.266; 95%CI: 2.274-8.001; p < 0.001). Long-term poor sleep quality was a risk factor for complex coronary lesions and has adverse effects on cardiovascular prognosis in the young ACS population.

15.
Drug Dev Res ; 85(1): e22149, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349269

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor-12 (FGF12) has been reported to play important role in regulating heart diseases. We aimed to explore the role of FGF12 in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial injury. DOX-induced mice and DOX-induced HL-1 cells were used as the myocardial injury in vivo and in vitro. Then, FGF12, Anp, Bnp, and Myh7 expression was detected. The pathological injury in myocardium tissue was observed by H&E staining. The levels of markers related to myocardial damage and oxidative stress were assessed. Then, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining were used to detect FGF12 and 4-HNE expression. Ferroptosis were detected by Prussian blue staining and western blot. The FGFR1/AMPK/NRF2 signaling was measured by western blot. FGF12 expression was downregulated in DOX-induced mice myocardium tissues. FGF12 overexpression alleviated DOX-induced myocardial tissue pathological injury and reduced Anp, Bnp, and Myh7 expression. Additionally, the levels of CK-MB, LDH and cTnT in serum were decreased after FGF12 upregulation in DOX-induced mice. Moreover, FGF12 overexpression reduced the levels of ROS, MDA, and 4-HNE but increased SOD and GSH-Px activities. Meanwhile, FGF12 led to less deposition of iron ion, decreased ACSL4, PTGS2 and increased GPX4, FTH1 expression. Additionally, FGF12 activated the expressions of FGFR1, p-AMPK, and NRF2. Moreover, FGFR1 silencing reversed the protective effects of FGF12 overexpression on cell viability, oxidative stress, ferroptosis, and FGFR1/AMPK/NRF2 pathway. To sum up, FGF12 inhibited mitochondria-dependent ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes induced by DOX through activation of FGFR1/AMPK/NRF2 signaling. These findings clarify a new mechanism of DOX-induced cardiac injury and provide a promising target to limit the disease development.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Miócitos Cardíacos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Mitocôndrias , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339192

RESUMO

Natural products derived from medicinal plants offer convenience and therapeutic potential and have inspired the development of antimicrobial agents. Thus, it is worth exploring the combination of nanotechnology and natural products. In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized from the leaf extract of Ginkgo biloba (Gb), having abundant flavonoid compounds. The reaction conditions and the colloidal stability were assessed using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to characterize the AgNPs. AgNPs exhibited a spherical morphology, uniform dispersion, and diameter ranging from ~8 to 9 nm. The FTIR data indicated that phytoconstituents, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, and terpenoids, could potentially serve as reducing and capping agents. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized AgNPs was assessed using broth dilution and agar well diffusion assays. The results demonstrate antibacterial effects against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains at low AgNP concentrations. The cytotoxicity of AgNPs was examined in vitro using the CCK-8 method, which showed that low concentrations of AgNPs are noncytotoxic to normal cells and promote cell growth. In conclusion, an environmentally friendly approach for synthesizing AgNPs from Gb leaves yielded antibacterial AgNPs with minimal toxicity, holding promise for future applications in the field of biomedicine.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Prata/farmacologia , Prata/química , Ginkgo biloba , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
18.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(2): 1246-1261, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305191

RESUMO

Preserving stable tooth-periodontal tissue integration is vital for maintaining alveolar bone stability under physiological conditions. However, tooth extraction compromises this integration and impedes socket healing. Therefore, it becomes crucial to provide early stage coverage of the socket to promote optimal healing. Drawing inspiration from the periodontium, we have developed a quaternized methacryloyl chitosan/dopamine-grafted oxidized sodium alginate hydrogel, termed the quaternized methacryloyl chitosan/dopamine-grafted oxidized sodium alginate hydrogel (QDL hydrogel). Through blue-light-induced cross-linking, the QDL hydrogel serves as a comprehensive wound dressing for socket healing. The QDL hydrogel exhibits remarkable efficacy in closing irregular tooth extraction wounds. Its favorable mechanical properties, flexible formability, and strong adhesion are achieved through modifications of chitosan and sodium alginate derived from biomass sources. Moreover, the QDL hydrogel demonstrates a superior hemostatic ability, facilitating swift blood clot formation. Additionally, the inherent antibacterial properties of the QDL hydrogel effectively inhibit oral microorganisms. Furthermore, the QDL hydrogel promotes angiogenesis, which facilitates the nutrient supply for subsequent tissue regeneration. Notably, the hydrogel accelerates socket healing by upregulating the expression of genes associated with wound healing. In conclusion, the periodontium-mimicking multifunctional hydrogel exhibits significant potential as a clinical tooth extraction wound dressing.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Hidrogéis , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Biomassa , Quitosana/farmacologia , Dopamina , Periodonto , Alginatos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
19.
Mol Med ; 30(1): 14, 2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) methylation is the most prevalent post-transcriptional modification in mRNA, and plays significant roles in various diseases. Nevertheless, the precise functions of m6A modification in the formation of ALI remain unclear. In this study we explore the transcriptome distribution of m6A methylation and its probable roles of in ALI. METHODS: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was utilized to establish an ALI mouse model. Real-time qPCR, Western blotting and m6A dot blot were utilized to assess m6A methylation level and the expression of m6A methylation enzymes. MeRIP-Seq and RNA-seq were utilized to explore differential m6A modifications and differentially expressed genes in ALI mice. The hub genes and enriched pathways were assessed by Real-time qPCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: Our findings showed that overall m6A methylation level was increased in ALI mice lung tissues, accompanied by lower levels of METTL3 and FTO. Notably, the protein expression of these methylases were different in various cells. There were 772 differently expressed m6A peaks in ALI as compared to the control group, with 316 being hypermethylated and 456 being hypomethylated. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated these differentially methylated genes were associated with the calcium signaling pathway and cAMP signaling pathway. Furthermore, we identified 50 genes with distinct m6A peaks and mRNA expressions by combined analysis of MeRIP-Seq and RNA-Seq. KEGG analysis also demonstrated that these overlapped genes were closely associated with the calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, etc. Besides, Western blotting results demonstrated that the protein expression of Fibronectin leucine-rich transmembrane protein 3 (Flrt3) as well as the calcium signaling pathway and cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, increased significantly after ALI. CONCLUSIONS: m6A modification was paramount in the pathogenesis of ALI, and provided a foundation for the further investigation in the prevention and treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Lipopolissacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Expressão Gênica , GMP Cíclico , RNA Mensageiro
20.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225395

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus results in numerous complications. Diabetic pulmonary fibrosis (DPF), a late pulmonary complication of diabetes, has not attracted as much attention as diabetic nephropathy and cardiomyopathy. Mangiferin (MF) is a natural small molecular compound that exhibits a variety of pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, and anti-fibrosis effects. In this study, we investigated whether long-term diabetes shock induces DPF, and explored whether MF had a protective effect against DPF. We first examined the lung tissues and sections of 20 diabetic patients obtained from discarded lung surgical resection specimens and found that pulmonary fibrosis mainly accumulated around the pulmonary vessels, accompanied by significantly enhanced endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). We established a mouse model of DPF by STZ injections. Ten days after the final STZ injection, the mice were administered MF (20, 60 mg/kg, i.g.) every 3 days for 4 weeks, and kept feeding until 16 weeks and euthanized. We showed that pulmonary fibrotic lesions were developed in the diabetic mice, which began around the pulmonary vessels, while MF administration did not affect long-term blood glucose levels, but dose-dependently alleviated diabetes-induced pulmonary fibrosis. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), exposure to high glucose (33.3 mM) induced EndMT, which was dose-dependently inhibited by treatment with MF (10, 50 µM). Furthermore, MF treatment promoted SIRT3 expression in high glucose-exposed HUVECs by directly binding to AMPK to enhance the activity of FoxO3, which finally reversed diabetes-induced EndMT. We conclude that MF attenuates DPF by inhibiting EndMT through the AMPK/FoxO3/SIRT3 axis. MF could be a potential candidate for the early prevention and treatment of DPF.

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