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1.
Virology ; 576: 74-82, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183498

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) is a prevalent mosquito-transmitted human pathogen, causing about 100 million cases of acute dengue fever and 21,000 deaths annually worldwide. Therapeutic neutralizing antibodies against dengue virus might be effective to treat severe dengue fever. Here, we showed that human monoclonal antibody (HMAb) 9C7 bound to all four intact serotypes of DENV but not to the recombinant envelope protein, suggesting HMAb 9C7 recognized a conformational epitope of the envelope protein. Taken together our results suggested that HMAb 9C7 neutralized all four serotypes of DENV in vitro and, for DENV-1, indicated activity at the pre- and post-attachment steps in the viral life cycle. HMAb 9C7 potently protected suckling mice from lethal challenge with all four serotypes of DENV. FcγRII-mediated uptake of immune complexes and antibody-dependent enhancement at low doses of the antibody were abolished by two Leu-to-Ala (9C7-LALA) mutations or deletion of nine amino acids (9C7-9del) in HMAb 9C7 Fc. Therefore, HMAb 9C7 represented a promising prophylactic and therapeutic agent against all four serotypes of DENV.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36190656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual-phenotype hepatocellular carcinoma (DPHCC) is highly aggressive and difficult to distinguish from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PURPOSE: To develop and validate clinical and radiomics models based on contrast-enhanced MRI for the preoperative diagnosis of DPHCC. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 87 patients with DPHCC and 92 patients with non-DPHCC randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 125: 64 non-DPHCC; 61 DPHCC) and a validation cohort (n = 54: 28 non-DPHCC; 26 DPHCC). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0 T; dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI with time-resolved T1-weighted imaging sequence. ASSESSMENT: In the clinical model, the maximum tumor diameter and hepatitis B virus (HBV) were independent risk factors of DPHCC. In the radiomics model, a total of 1781 radiomics features were extracted from tumor volumes of interest (VOIs) in the arterial phase (AP) and portal venous phase (PP) images. For feature reduction and selection, Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and recursive feature elimination (RFE) were used. Clinical, AP, PP, and combined radiomics models were established using machine learning algorithms (support vector machine [SVM], logistic regression [LR], and logistic regression-least absolute shrinkage and selection operator [LR-LASSO]) and their discriminatory efficacy assessed and compared. STATISTICAL TESTS: The independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test, regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, the Delong test. A P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: In the validation cohort, the combined radiomics model (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.908, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.831-0.985) showed the highest diagnostic performance. The AUCs of the PP (AUC = 0.879, 95% CI: 0.779-0.979) and combined radiomics models were significantly higher than that of clinical model (AUC = 0.685, 95% CI: 0.526-0.844). There were no significant differences in AUC between AP or PP radiomics model and combined radiomics model (P = 0.286, 0.180 and 0.543). CONCLUSION: MRI radiomics models may be useful for discriminating DPHCC from non-DPHCC before surgery. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

3.
Front Psychol ; 13: 956387, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36186302

RESUMO

Based on social information processing theory, we provide a novel theoretical account of how and when leader humor influences subordinate boundary-spanning behavior. We develop a moderated mediation model explicating the mechanism of psychological safety and the boundary condition of subordinate interpersonal influence. Using multiwave data, we tested our research hypotheses with a sample of 452 members from 140 teams in a Chinese information technology (IT) company. Results showed that leader humor positively affects subordinate boundary-spanning behavior via increased psychological safety. Moreover, this mediated effect is stronger when subordinates have high interpersonal influence. These findings offer theoretical and practical insights into boundary-spanning activities and leader humor, which we discuss.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 909623, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187095

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of different olfactory evaluation tools in congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) patients. Methods: Seventy-one CHH patients were prospectively recruited at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between November 2020 and July 2021. The Chinese Olfactory Function Test (COFT) and Self-reported Olfactory Scale (SROS) were adapted as the subjective tools for the evaluation of olfactory function, and magnetic resonance imaging of olfactory apparatus (MRI-OA) was the objective tool. The olfactory bulb volume (OBV) and the olfactory sulcus depth (OSD) were quantified. Results: Based on the COFT, 36 patients were categorized as having normosmic CHH (nCHH), and the other 35 patients were categorized as having Kallmann syndrome (KS). Among nCHH patients, 35 patients were classified as having normal olfaction and 1 patient had abnormal olfaction by SROS. For KS patients, there were 30 patients grouped into abnormal olfaction, while 5 patients had normal olfaction by SROS. For MRI-OA, 67% (18/27) of nCHH patients showed normal olfactory apparatus, and 33% (9/27) showed bilateral or unilateral olfactory bulb aplasia or hypoplasia. Among KS patients, 96% (27/28) of patients showed bilateral olfactory bulb hypoplasia or aplasia, and 4% (1/28) of patients showed normal olfactory apparatus. All six patients with unilateral olfactory bulb aplasia and three patients with bilateral olfactory bulb aplasia showed normal olfactory function. The accuracy of the SROS in the diagnosis of nCHH and KS was 91.5%, with a sensitivity of 0.857 and a specificity of 0.972, while the accuracy of MRI-OA is 92.7%, with a sensitivity of 0.964 and a specificity of 0.889. Conclusion: SROS and MRI-OA both showed high accuracy to distinguish between KS and nCHH. The abnormal structure of the olfactory apparatus was relatively common in nCHH patients. CHH patients with unilateral olfactory bulb aplasia dysplasia usually had normal olfaction. Normal olfaction without apparent olfactory bulbs is rare but occurred in male CHH patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Kallmann , Olfato , Asiáticos , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Síndrome de Kallmann/complicações , Síndrome de Kallmann/diagnóstico , Masculino , Autorrelato
5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 976998, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187103

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia among different body composition and investigate the associations of body composition indicators, especially the muscle mass, with glucose and lipids metabolism in children and adolescents. Methods: This nationwide cross-sectional study included 8,905 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years. All participants underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and their blood-concentrated glucose and lipids (including TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-c) were measured. Mixed model, hierarchical analysis, and piecewise regression were used to study the effect of body composition indicators, especially the muscle mass, on glucose and lipids metabolism. Results: The greatest prevalence of high total cholesterol (TC, 6.9% and 6.9%) and high triglyceride (22.3% and 6.6%) was found in both boys and girls with high muscle mass and high fat mass, and girls with high muscle mass and high fat mass also had the highest prevalence of hyperglycemia (7.1%). After fat stratification, higher muscle mass was associated with lower odds of hyperglycemia (OR = 0.62; 95%CI: 0.46,0.84; P = 0.002) and muscle mass was inversely associated with TC (ß = -0.07; 95%CI: -0.12,-0.03; P < 0.001) in boys with normal fat mass, but high muscle mass was not significantly associated with hyperglycemia and TC in high-fat-mass group (P = 0.368 and 0.372). Conclusions: The body composition phenotype of high muscle and high fat mass have the highest prevalence of dysglycemia and dyslipidemia. Higher muscle mass was associated with a lower risk of hyperglycemia and TC levels in individuals only with normal fat mass.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Hiperglicemia , Tecido Adiposo , Glicemia/análise , LDL-Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Glucose , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Músculos , Triglicerídeos
6.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 14(9): 1739-1757, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare malignant disease and has not been well characterized in terms of clinicopathology and survival. AIM: To investigate the clinical features and survival factors in Chinese patients with PMME. METHODS: The clinicopathological findings of ten cases with PMME treated at Henan Provincial People's Hospital were summarized. Moreover, the English- and Chinese-language literature that focused on Chinese patients with PMME from 1980 to September 2021 was reviewed and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were employed to investigate the clinicopathologic factors that might be associated with survival. RESULTS: A total of 290 Chinese patients with PMME, including ten from our hospital and 280 from the literature were enrolled in the present study. Only about half of the patients (55.8%) were accurately diagnosed before surgery. Additionally, 91.1% of the patients received esophagectomy, and 88 patients (36.5%) received adjuvant therapy after surgery. The frequency of lymph node metastasis (LNM) was 51.2% (107/209), and LNM had a positive rate of 45.3% even when the tumor was confined to the submucosal layer. The risk of LNM increased significantly with the pT stage [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR): 2.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.72-3.56] and larger tumor size (P = 0.006, OR: 1.21, 95%CI: 1.05-1.38). The median overall survival (OS) was 11.0 mo (range: 1-204 mo). The multivariate Cox analysis showed both the pT stage [P = 0.005, hazard ratio (HR): 1.70, 95%CI: 1.17-2.47] and LNM (P = 0.009, HR: 1.78, 95%CI: 1.15-2.74) were independent prognostic factors for OS. The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 5.3 mo (range: 0.8-114.1 mo). The multivariate analysis indicated that only the advanced pT stage (P = 0.02, HR: 1.93, 95%CI: 1.09-3.42) was a significant independent indicator of poor RFS in patients with PMME. CONCLUSION: The correct diagnosis of PMME before surgery is low, and physicians should pay more attention to avoid a misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis. Extended lymph node dissection should be emphasized in surgery for PMME even though the tumor is confined to the submucosal layer. Both the LNM and pT stage are independent prognosis factors for OS, and the pT stage is the prognosis factor for DFS in patients with PMME.

7.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 4963-4979, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105385

RESUMO

Purpose: Sepsis, which is deemed as a systemic inflammation reaction syndrome in the face of infectious stimuli, is the primary cause of death in ICUs. Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) may derive from systemic inflammation reaction and oxidative stress. Retinoic acid (RA) is recognized by its beneficial roles in terms of the immunoresponse to infections and antioxygen actions. However, the treatment efficacy and potential causal links of RA in SIC are still elusive. Methods: By virtue of the STITCH database, we identified the targets of RA. Differentially expressed genes in SIC were acquired from the GEO database. The PPI network of intersected targets was established. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis was completed. Hub genes were analyzed by cytoHubba plug-in. In the process of experimental validation, a mouse sepsis model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the treated mice were intraperitoneally injected with RA or Dexamethasone (DEX) 60 min prior to LPS injections. Survival conditions, cardiac functions and antioxidant levels of the mice were assessed. Cardiac inflammation and injury were detected by HE and TUNEL. The levels of key genes and signal pathway expression were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot. Results: PPARA, ITGAM, VCAM-1, IGF-1 and IL-6 were identified as key therapeutic targets of RA by network pharmacology. PI3K-Akt signaling pathway is the main regulatory pathway of RA. In vivo researches unraveled that RA can improve the survival rate and cardiac function of LPS-treated mice, inhibit inflammatory factors and myocardial injury, and regulate the expression of key therapeutic targets and key pathways, which is PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion: Network pharmacological method offers a predicative strategy to explore the treatment efficacy and causal links of RA in endotoxemic myocarditis. Through experimental verification, we discover that RA can reduce lipopolysaccharide-induced cardiac dysfunction by regulating the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and key genes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is resistant to targeted therapy with HER2 monoclonal antibodies and endocrine therapy, because it lacks the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). TNBC is a subtype of breast cancer with the worst prognosis and the highest mortality rate compared to other subtypes. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is significant in cancer and metastasis, because it can alter gene expression and function at numerous levels, such as RNA splicing, stability, translocation, and translation. There are limited investigations into the connection between TNBC and m6A. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Breast cancer-related data were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and 116 triple-negative breast cancer cases were identified from the data. The GSE31519 data set, which included 68 cases of TNBC, was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Survival analysis was used to determine the prognosis of distinct m6A types based on their m6A group, gene group, and m6A score. To investigate the potential mechanism, GO and KEGG analyses were performed on the differentially expressed genes. RESULTS: The expression of m6A-related genes and their impact on prognosis in TNBC patients were studied. According to the findings, m6A was crucial in determining the prognosis of TNBC patients, and the major m6A-linked genes in this process were YTHDF2, RBM15B, IGFBP3, and WTAP. YTHDF2, RBM15B and IGFBP3 are associated with poor prognosis, while WTAP is associated with good prognosis. By cluster analysis, the gene cluster and the m6A cluster were beneficial in predicting the prognosis of TNBC patients. The m6A score based on m6A and gene clusters was more effective in predicting the prognosis of TNBC patients. Furthermore, the tumor microenvironment may play an important role in the process of m6A, influencing TNBC prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: N6-adenylic acid methylation (m6A) was important in altering the prognosis of TNBC patients, and the key m6A-associated genes in this process were YTHDF2, RBM15B, IGFBP3, and WTAP. Furthermore, the comprehensive typing based on m6A and gene clusters was useful in predicting TNBC patients' prognosis, showing potential as valuable evaluating tools for TNBC.

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100766

RESUMO

Establishing a stoke experimental model, which is better in line with the physiology and function of human brain, is the bottleneck for the development of effective anti-stroke drugs. A three-dimensional cerebral organoids (COs) from human pluripotent stem cells can mimic cell composition, cortical structure, brain neural connectivity and epigenetic genomics of in-vivo human brain, which provides a promising application in establishing humanized ischemic stroke model. COs have been used for modeling low oxygen condition-induced hypoxic injury, but there is no report on the changes of COs in response to in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced damage of ischemic stroke as well as its application in testing anti-stroke drugs. In this study we compared the cell composition of COs at different culture time and explored the cell types, cell ratios and volume size of COs at 85 days (85 d-CO). The 85 d-CO with diameter more than 2 mm was chosen for establishing humanized ischemic stroke model of OGD. By determining the time-injury relationship of the model, we observed aggravated ischemic injury of COs with OGD exposure time, obtaining first-hand evidence for the damage degree of COs under different OGD condition. The sensitivity of the model to ischemic injury and related treatment was validated by the proven pan-Caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK (20 µM) and Bcl-2 inhibitor navitoclax (0.5 µM). Neuroprotective agents edaravone, butylphthalide, P7C3-A20 and ZL006 (10 µM for each) exerted similar beneficial effects in this model. Taken together, this study establishes a humanized ischemic stroke model based on COs, and provides evidence as a new research platform for anti-stroke drug development.

10.
Front Surg ; 9: 963850, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090322

RESUMO

Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of birth defect. Most patients with CHD require surgery, and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is the most common surgery performed. Methods: The present study utilized weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to identify key inflammation genes after CPB for CHD. The GSE132176 dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO) database for WGCNA to identify the modules closely related to clinical traits. Disease enrichment, functional annotation and pathway enrichment were performed on genes in the module closely related to clinical traits using Enrichr and Metascape. Immune infiltration analysis was also performed on the training dataset using CIBERSORT. Finally, we identified hub genes using high gene significance (GS), high module members (MMs) and Cytoscape, and we verified the hub genes using an independent dataset and Western blot analysis. Results: WGCNA showed that the brown module with 461 genes had the highest correlation to CHD after CPB. Functional annotation and pathway enrichment analysis were performed using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses, which showed that genes in the brown module were enriched in inflammation-related pathways. In the disease enrichment analysis, genes in the brown module were enriched for inflammatory diseases. After the 30 most highly associated brown intramodular genes were screened, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the STRING online analysis website. The protein-protein interaction results were then calculated using 12 algorithms in the cytoHubba plugin of Cytoscape software. The final result showed that CDKN1A was the fundamental gene of post-CPB for CHD. Using another independent validation dataset (GSE12486), we confirmed that CDKN1A was significantly differentially expressed between preoperative and postoperative CPB (Wilcoxon, P = 0.0079; T-test, P = 0.006). In addition, CDKN1A expression was elevated in eosinophils, neutrophils, memory CD4 T cells and activated mast cells. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of CDKN1A protein was significantly higher postoperative CPB than preoperative CPB. Moreover, CDKN1A was mainly related to inflammation. Conclusion: In summary, we found a relationship between CDKN1A and inflammation after CPB for congenital heart disease by WGCNA, experiments and various bioinformatics methods. Thus, CDKN1A maybe serve as a biomarker or therapeutic target for accurate diagnosis and treatment of inflammation after CPB in the future.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077443

RESUMO

Low temperature is an important environmental factor limiting the widespread planting of tropical and subtropical crops. The application of plant regulator coronatine, which is an analog of Jasmonic acid (JA), is an effective approach to enhancing crop's resistance to chilling stress and other abiotic stresses. However, the function and mechanism of coronatine in promoting chilling resistance of tomato is unknown. In this study, coronatine treatment was demonstrated to significantly increase tomato chilling tolerance. Coronatine increases H3K4me3 modifications to make greater chromatin accessibility in multiple chilling-activated genes. Corresponding to that, the expression of CBFs, other chilling-responsive transcription factor (TF) genes, and JA-responsive genes is significantly induced by coronatine to trigger an extensive transcriptional reprogramming, thus resulting in a comprehensive chilling adaptation. These results indicate that coronatine enhances the chilling tolerance of tomato plants by inducing epigenetic adaptations and transcriptional reprogramming.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum , Aclimatação , Aminoácidos , Temperatura Baixa , Epigênese Genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Indenos , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
13.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089906

RESUMO

AIM: The regulation of osteoclasts (OCs) by inhibitory immunoreceptors maintains bone homeostasis and is considered an important determinant of the extent of periodontal pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the inhibitory immunoreceptor CD300lf and its ligand ceramide in osteoclastogenesis in periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of CD300lf was measured in vitro and in a ligature-induced periodontitis model. The effect of CD300lf ablation on osteoclastogenesis was examined in ligature-retained and ligature removal periodontitis models. The effect of ceramide, the ligand of CD300lf, was examined in osteoclastogenesis in vitro and in vivo by smearing 20 µg of ceramide dissolved in carboxymethylcellulose on teeth and gingiva every other day in an experimental periodontitis model and ligature removal model. RESULTS: CD300lf expression was downregulated during osteoclastogenesis. Ablation of CD300lf in the ligature-induced periodontitis model increased the number of OCs and exacerbated bone damage. Bone resorption caused by CD300lf ablation was reversible following ligature removal. CD300lf-ceramide binding suppressed osteoclastogenesis in vitro and inhibited alveolar bone loss in a mouse periodontitis model. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that CD300lf-ceramide binding plays a critical negative role in alveolar bone loss in periodontitis by inhibiting OCs differentiation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 17(1): 86, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063251

RESUMO

The hollow TiO2 anode material has received great attention for next-generation LIBs because of its excellent stability, environmental friendly, and low volume change during lithiation/delithiation. However, there are some problems associated with the current anatase TiO2 anode materials in practical application owing to low lithium-ion diffusivity and poor reversible theoretical capacities. The introduction of defects has been turned out to be a significant and effective method to improve electronic conductivity, especially oxygen vacancies. In this paper, a facile hydrothermal reaction and subsequent chemical vapor deposition method were successfully used to fabricate Co@TiO2-x-carbon hollow nanospheres. These results suggest that the synthesized product exhibits good rate performance and superior cycling stability.

15.
Cancer Cell ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084651

RESUMO

How glucose metabolism remodels pro-tumor functions of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) needs further investigation. Here we show that M2-like TAMs bear the highest individual capacity to take up intratumoral glucose. Their increased glucose uptake fuels hexosamine biosynthetic pathway-dependent O-GlcNAcylation to promote cancer metastasis and chemoresistance. Glucose metabolism promotes O-GlcNAcylation of the lysosome-encapsulated protease Cathepsin B at serine 210, mediated by lysosome-localized O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), elevating mature Cathepsin B in macrophages and its secretion in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Loss of OGT in macrophages reduces O-GlcNAcylation and mature Cathepsin B in the TME and disrupts cancer metastasis and chemoresistance. Human TAMs with high OGT are positively correlated with Cathepsin B expression, and both levels predict chemotherapy response and prognosis of individuals with cancer. Our study reports the biological and potential clinical significance of glucose metabolism in tumor-promoting TAMs and reveals insights into the underlying mechanisms.

16.
J Hypertens ; 40(10): 2076-2080, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052528

RESUMO

Renal arteriovenous fistula (RAVF) is a rare vascular disease and is usually presented with severe hypertension. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation was proposed to play a key role in RAVF-induced hypertension but the data was inconsistent. We reported a case of RAVF presented as malignant hypertension, which was detected by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and successfully managed by interventional embolization. A 35-year-old male was presented with a headache and blurred vision. His blood pressure was up to 220/110 mmHg, with significantly elevated serum creatinine and proteinuria. Hypertensive target organ impairments were noted. A RAVF was detected by contrast-enhanced renal ultrasonography. He underwent renal artery angiography and renal arteriovenous fistula embolization. RAAS activation was also evaluated by separate renal vein sampling. The patient's blood pressure and target-organ damage improved after RAVF embolization and blood pressure control. This is a rare case of renal arteriovenous fistula with malignant hypertension. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography can be useful for diagnosis.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Hipertensão Maligna , Hipertensão Renal , Hipertensão , Adulto , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/patologia , Hipertensão Maligna/complicações , Hipertensão Renal/complicações , Masculino , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/patologia , Veias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134962

RESUMO

The hazards caused by drug-resistant bacteria are rocketing along with the indiscriminate use of antibiotics. The development of new non-antibiotic antibacterial drugs is urgent. The excellent biocompatibility and diverse multifunctionalities of liquid metal have stimulated the studies of antibacterial application. Several gallium-based antimicrobial agents have been developed based on the mechanism that gallium (a type of liquid metal) ions disorder the normal metabolism of iron ions. Other emerging strategies, such as physical sterilization by directly using LM microparticles to destroy the biofilm of bacteria or thermal destruction via infrared laser irradiation, are gaining increasing attention. Different from traditional antibacterial agents of gallium compounds, the pronounced property of gallium-based liquid metal materials would bring innovation to the antibacterial field. Here, LM-based antimicrobial mechanisms, including iron metabolism disorder, production of reactive oxygen species, thermal injury, and mechanical destruction, are highlighted. Antimicrobial applications of LM-based materials are summarized and divided into five categories, including liquid metal motors, antibacterial fabrics, magnetic field-responsive microparticles, liquid metal films, and liquid metal polymer composites. In addition, future opportunities and challenges towards the development and application of LM-based antimicrobial materials are presented.

18.
J Oncol ; 2022: 2676367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147445

RESUMO

Unicystic mucoepidermoid carcinoma (UC-MEC) is a rare MEC variant, and its diagnosis is frequently problematic. This study is aimed at summarizing its clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment, and prognosis and proposing key points to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis in clinical and pathological conditions. This retrospective study included 30 UC-MEC cases, and the clinical findings were collected from the clinical medical records. Radiographic features, histologic behaviors, MAML2 rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and follow-up data were analyzed. Moreover, glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) and cytadenoma (CA) were used as controls. In the UC-MEC group, 19 patients were female (63%), and 11 were male (37%). The mean patient age was 39.5 (range, 7-72 years). The affected locations included the jaw (8 maxillary, 3 mandibular) and salivary glands (7 parotid, 11 palates, and 1 floor of the mouth). The chief complaint was swelling; the lesions were all cystic, among which 66.7% were well circumscribed and 33.3% poorly defined. Microscopic examination showed two UC-MEC histologic subtypes. Type A presented as a single cyst with mural thickening (8/30, 27%) lined predominantly by epidermoid cells with interspersed intermediate and mucinous cells, and type B (22/30, 73%) showed infiltrative tumor islands in the cystic wall or the surrounding tissue. FISH analysis suggested that approximately 66.7% of UC-MEC harbored a MAML2 rearrangement. During the median follow-up period of 42 months (range, 6-120 months), all type A patients and 68% of type B patients who underwent complete surgical resection lived without relapse. Seven cases with type B cancer that underwent curettage initially had local recurrence. Clinicians and pathologists hardly recognize UC-MEC owing to its cystic architecture. Specific epidermoid, mucous, and intermediate tumor cells, and MAML2 fusion testing, are essential to avoid potential diagnostic pitfalls. Prompting and completing resection surgery with negative margins would have a favorable prognosis.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147887

RESUMO

Rhinoplasty focuses on the establishment of the structural support of nasal cartilage and the shaping of the nasal tip. The purpose of this study was to explore the application of "double tower" folding ear cartilage transplantation for nasal tip shaping in rhinoplasty.

20.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151013

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the probability and underlying influence factors of intermittent ovarian function recovery in patients with idiopathic premature ovarian insufficiency (POI)? DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in tertiary hospitals recruiting 162 patients diagnosed with POI based on European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology criteria from June 2015 to March 2022. The incidence of intermittent ovarian function recovery was evaluated, and the possible influence factors were investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Among 162 POI patients, 48 (29.63%) presented intermittent ovarian function recovery, and 11 (6.79%) were natural pregnancies; 114 (70.37%) patients failed to show ovarian function recovery. No association was found between initial clinical features and intermittent ovarian function recovery. In contrast, the variables of FSH, LH, oestradiol, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), ovarian volume, passive smoking and weekly exercise time after diagnosis were correlated with intermittent ovarian function recovery in patients with POI and further analysis indicated that FSH concentration at diagnosis (odds ratio [OR] 0.964, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.934-0.995, P = 0.023), passive smoking (OR 0.369, 95% CI 0.141-0.963, P = 0.042) and weekly exercise time after diagnosis (OR 5.592, 95% CI 1.83-17.088, P = 0.003) were influence factors of intermittent ovarian function recovery in POI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of intermittent ovarian function recovery in patients with idiopathic POI was 29.63%, and the natural pregnancy rate was 6.79%. Lower FSH concentration at diagnosis, no passive smoking and a weekly exercise time ≥1.5 h after the diagnosis may be beneficial for intermittent ovarian function recovery in POI patients.

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