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1.
Sci Adv ; 9(5): eadc9465, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735787

RESUMO

High levels of lactate are positively associated with the prognosis and mortality in patients with heart attack. Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) plays an important role in cardiac fibrosis. Here, we report that lactate exerts a previously unknown function that increases cardiac fibrosis and exacerbates cardiac dysfunction by promoting EndoMT following myocardial infarction (MI). Treatment of endothelial cells with lactate disrupts endothelial cell function and induces mesenchymal-like function following hypoxia by activating the TGF-ß/Smad2 pathway. Mechanistically, lactate induces an association between CBP/p300 and Snail1, leading to lactylation of Snail1, a TGF-ß transcription factor, through lactate transporter monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)-dependent signaling. Inhibiting Snail1 diminishes lactate-induced EndoMT and TGF-ß/Smad2 activation after hypoxia/MI. The MCT inhibitor CHC mitigates lactate-induced EndoMT and Snail1 lactylation. Silence of MCT1 compromises lactate-promoted cardiac dysfunction and EndoMT after MI. We conclude that lactate acts as an important molecule that up-regulates cardiac EndoMT after MI via induction of Snail1 lactylation.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(2): 336-348, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725223

RESUMO

As a biocatalyst, enzyme has the advantages of high catalytic efficiency, strong reaction selectivity, specific target products, mild reaction conditions, and environmental friendliness, and serves as an important tool for the synthesis of complex organic molecules. With the continuous development of gene sequencing technology, molecular biology, genetic manipulation, and other technologies, the diversity of enzymes increases steadily and the reactions that can be catalyzed are also gradually diversified. In the process of enzyme-catalyzed synthesis, the majority of common enzymatic reactions can be achieved by single enzyme catalysis, while many complex reactions often require the participation of two or more enzymes. Therefore, the combination of multiple enzymes together to construct the multi-enzyme cascade reactions has become a research hotspot in the field of biochemistry. Nowadays, the biosynthetic pathways of more natural products with complex structures have been clarified, and secondary metabolic enzymes with novel catalytic activities have been identified, discovered, and combined in enzymatic synthesis of natural/unnatural molecules with diverse structures. This study summarized a series of examples of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascades and highlighted the application of cascade catalysis methods in the synthesis of carbohydrates, nucleosides, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids, and chiral molecules. Furthermore, the existing problems and solutions of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascade method were discussed, and the future development direction was prospected.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Produtos Biológicos , Produtos Biológicos/química , Catálise , Biocatálise
3.
Clin Respir J ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653622

RESUMO

This study focuses on the prevalence and characteristics of anxiety in patients with pulmonary nodules that was assessed by Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) scores. A total of 890 patients were enrolled in this study, including incidence of absence of anxiety n = 343 (38.54%), mild or probable anxiety n = 459 (51.57%) and moderate or definite anxiety n = 79 (8.88%) and obvious anxiety n = 9 (1.01%), respectively. According to the definition of anxiety, 88 (9.89%) patients were enrolled in anxiety group. The incidence of anxiety in females was significantly higher than male (11.98% vs. 7.20%, p = 0.018), patients with respiratory symptoms were significantly higher than without respiratory symptoms (13.33% vs. 8.50%, p = 0.029) and diameter of pulmonary nodules >8 mm is significantly higher than ≤8 mm (13.35% vs. 7.10%, p = 0.002). Regression analysis showed that female (OR = 0.548, 95% CI: 0.340-0.884), family history of malignant tumour (OR = 1.691, 95% CI: 1.067-2.678), respiratory symptoms (OR = 1.713, 95% CI: 1.073-2.733) and diameter >8 mm (OR = 2.135, 95% CI: 1.350-3.375) were independent risk factors of anxiety. Further analysis of 88 patients with anxiety showed the sum of psychic anxiety was significantly higher than somatic anxiety (16.66 ± 2.46 vs. 0.97 ± 1.10, p < 0.0001). Hence, vast majority of patients with unconfirmed pulmonary nodules suffered various severity of anxiety and manifested as psychic anxiety. And gender, respiratory symptoms, family history of malignant tumour and diameter of pulmonary nodules were independent influencing factors of anxiety. Effective strategies urgently need exploring and providing for improving the mental health.

4.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677859

RESUMO

Charge scaling as an effective solution to the experiment-computation disagreement in molecular modelling of ionic liquids (ILs) could bring the computational results close to the experimental reference for various thermodynamic properties. According to the large-scale benchmark calculations of mass density, solvation, and water-ILs transfer-free energies in our series of papers, the charge-scaling factor of 0.8 serves as a near-optimal option generally applicable to most ILs, although a system-dependent parameter adjustment could be attempted for further improved performance. However, there are situations in which such a charge-scaling treatment would fail. Namely, charge scaling cannot really affect the simulation outcome, or minimally perturbs the results that are still far from the experimental value. In such situations, the vdW radius as an additional adjustable parameter is commonly tuned to minimize the experiment-calculation deviation. In the current work, considering two ILs from the quinuclidinium family, we investigate the impacts of this vdW-scaling treatment on the mass density and the solvation/partition thermodynamics in a fashion similar to our previous charge-scaling works, i.e., scanning the vdW-scaling factor and computing physical properties under these parameter sets. It is observed that the mass density exhibits a linear response to the vdW-scaling factor with slopes close to -1.8 g/mL. By further investigating a set of physiochemically relevant temperatures between 288 K and 348 K, we confirm the robustness of the vdW-scaling treatment in the estimation of bulk properties. The best vdW-scaling parameter for mass density would worsen the computation of solvation/partition thermodynamics, and a marginal decrease in the vdW-scaling factor is considered as an intermediate option balancing the reproductions of bulk properties and solvation thermodynamics. These observations could be understood in a way similar to the charge-scaling situation. i.e., overfitting some properties (e.g., mass density) would degrade the accuracy of the other properties (e.g., solvation free energies). Following this principle, the general guideline for applying this vdW-tuning protocol is by using values between the density-derived choice and the solvation/partition-derived solution. The charge and current vdW scaling treatments cover commonly encountered ILs, completing the protocol for accurate modelling of ILs with fixed-charge force fields.

5.
Cell Signal ; 105: 110593, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682592

RESUMO

Tracheal fibrosis is a key abnormal repair process leading to fatal stenosis, characterized by excessive fibroblast activation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. GATA6, a zinc finger-containing transcription factor, is involved in fibroblast activation, while its role in tracheal fibrosis remains obscure. The present study investigated the potential role of GATA6 as a novel regulator of tracheal fibrosis. It was found that GATA6 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were obviously increased in tracheal fibrotic granulations and in TGFß1-treated primary tracheal fibroblasts. GATA6 silencing inhibited TGFß1-stimulated fibroblast proliferation and ECM synthesis, promoted cell apoptosis, and inactivated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, whereas GATA6 overexpression showed the reverse effects. SKL2001, an agonist of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, restored collagen1a1 and α-SMA expression which was suppressed by GATA6 silencing. Furthermore, in vivo, knockdown of GATA6 ameliorated tracheal fibrosis, as manifested by reduced tracheal stenosis and ECM deposition. GATA6 inhibition in rat tracheas also impaired granulation proliferation, increased apoptosis, and inactivated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. In conclusion, our findings indicate that GATA6 triggers fibroblast activation, cell proliferation, and apoptosis resistance in tracheal fibrosis via the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Targeting GATA6 may represent a promising therapeutic approach for tracheal fibrosis.

6.
J Oncol ; 2023: 5141836, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36711025

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the role of tumor microenvironment and serum differential metabolites in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) carcinogenesis, providing new evidence for ICC treatment. Serum samples from healthy individuals and ICC patients were collected for metabolomic analysis. The purine metabolites such as inosine, guanosine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine were increased in patient serum. TCGA database samples were collected, and the correlation between purine metabolism-related genes and ICC clinical features was analyzed using R language to obtain the differential genes including PPAT, PFAS, ATIC, and IMPDH2. High PPAT expression was associated with poor ICC prognosis. A PPAT silencing model in HCCC-9810 cells was constructed. The cell phenotype was examined by qRT-PCR, CCK-8, transwell, and flow cytometry, showing a decrease in IMPDH1 expression, colony and invasive cells numbers, and an increase in apoptosis. Guanosine reversed IMPDH1 expression in HCCC-9810 cells, promoting the secretion of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, OPN, VEGF, and VCAM-1 and intensifying epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression in the cells. In nude mice, the IMPDH1 inhibitory drug MMF inhibited tumor growth and reduced the expression of tumor stem cell characteristic markers CD133 and SOX2. Guanosine accelerated the malignant progression of ICC inhibition of purine metabolism-related genes, PPAT and IMPDH2, suppressed the malignant phenotype in HCCC-9810 cells, and inhibited tumor growth.

7.
RSC Adv ; 13(3): 1867-1876, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36712608

RESUMO

Amitrole is a non-selective triazole herbicide that is widespread used to control a variety of weeds in agriculture, but it may pollute the environment and do harm to organisms. Thus, it is of critical significance to enlist a low-cost, sensitive, stable and renewable method to detect amitrole. In this paper, electrochemical experiments were carried out using carbon fibers/reduced graphene oxide/cellulose paper electrodes, which demonstrated good electrocatalytic performance for amitrole detection. The electrochemical process of amitrole on the surface of the reduced paper electrode was a quasi-reversible reaction controlled by diffusion. Cyclic voltammetry and the amperometric i-t curve method were used for amitrole determination at a micro molar level and higher-concentration range with the following characteristics: linear range 5 × 10-6 mol L-1 to 3 × 10-5 mol L-1, detection limit 2.44 × 10-7 mol L-1. In addition, the relative standard deviation of repeatability is 3.74% and of stability is 4.68%. The reduced paper electrode with high sensitivity, low detection limit, good stability and repeatability provides novel ideas for on-site amitrole detection in food and agriculture.

8.
EClinicalMedicine ; 56: 101816, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703645

RESUMO

Background: The evidence of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) following transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) combined with sorafenib for intermediate-stage recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (RHCC) is limited. Patient responses to this treatment vary because of the heterogeneous nature of RHCC, making it important to identify patients who are most likely to benefit from this combination therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of RFA following TACE and sorafenib for the intermediate-stage RHCC. Methods: This retrospective, multicentre, cohort study included 363 patients with intermediate-stage RHCC underwent TACE combined with sorafenib (TACE-sorafenib group) or RFA following TACE and sorafenib (TACE-sorafenib + RFA group) between January 01, 2009 to December 31, 2015 from four institutions in China. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and efficacy of patients were compared between the two groups by propensity score-matching (PSM). Findings: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 97.7%, 83.7%, 54.7% in TACE-sorafenib + RFA group, and 93.3%, 57.0%, 32.7% in TACE-sorafenib group. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year PFS rates were 85.3%, 58.0%, 26.9% in TACE-sorafenib + RFA group, and 55.3%, 30.7%, 15.3% in TACE-sorafenib group. Compared with the TACE-sorafenib group, the TACE-sorafenib + RFA group had significantly longer OS (HR, 0.54; 95%CI, 0.40-0.73; P < 0.001) and PFS (HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.41-0.66; P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis was conducted to precisely screen out the beneficial population from RFA treatment. Interpretation: Our findings suggest that addition of RFA following TACE and sorafenib combination was superior to TACE combined with sorafenib for intermediate-stage RHCC, resulting in longer OS and PFS. Patients who had good response to TACE and achieved downstaging successfully could not benefit from the RFA therapy. Funding: This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81627803), Chen Xiao-Ping Science and Technology Development Fund (CXPJJH1200009-06).

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36676350

RESUMO

A transfer-purge chamber (TPC) is a double-steel-plate, heavy-concrete, curved-surface composite structure composed of steel plates, heavy concrete, and shear connectors. It is an important facility in the external refueling system of a nuclear power plant (NPP), providing a safe and reliable biological shielding space for reactor refueling operations. Temperature load is one of the most important factors that must be considered in the design of NPP structures. The temperature loads experienced by the TPC during its life cycle include those encountered in both normal and abnormal operation, which are distinct. In this study, we investigated the steady state and transient-state temperature fields and stresses of a TPC structure under normal operation and after 48 h of abnormal operation, respectively, which were calculated using Abaqus finite element software and the directly coupled method. During normal operation, the temperature field of the structure shows relatively uniform changes, and the temperature gradient of the internal concrete in the direction of its thickness has a constant value of 0.245 °C/cm. At the junction between the transfer and purge sub-chambers of the TPC, under the influence of wall curvature and deformation constraints, the maximum tensile strain of heavy concrete is 8.84 × 10-3, the maximum compressive strain is 2.04 × 10-3, the peak stress of the steel plate is 98.305 MPa, and the peak stress of the stud is 306.725 MPa. After 48 h of abnormal operation, the temperatures of the inner surface of the heavy concrete of the wall, the inner steel plate of the wall, the outer surface of the heavy concrete of the wall, and the inner steel plate of the wall increased by 8.12, 8.11, 0.31, and 0.30 °C, respectively. The tensile strain of the heavy concrete of the wall increased significantly by 52.64%, and the compressive strain of the concrete increased by 67.33%, whereas the stresses of the studs and steel plates increased by only 1.57% and 6.79%, respectively. These results show that the change in the temperature field greatly influences the stress and strain on the TPC structure. As measures for mitigating the development of this unfavorable situation of temperature stress concentration, the temperature operating range should be rationally controlled or the junction structure between the transfer and purge sub-chambers of the TPC optimized accordingly. The results of our study can provide basic data for a dynamic analysis of the TPC under conditions of combined earthquake and temperature loads.

10.
Biochem Soc Trans ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695550

RESUMO

Programmed cell death is a critical host defence strategy during viral infection. Neighbouring cells deal with this death in distinct ways depending on how the infected cell dies. While apoptosis is considered immunologically silent, the lytic pathways of necroptosis and pyroptosis trigger inflammatory responses by releasing inflammatory host molecules. All these pathways have been implicated in influenza A virus infection. Here, we review how cells sense neighbouring infection and death and how sensing shapes ensuing inflammatory responses.

11.
Biodegradation ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593315

RESUMO

Coal gangue (CG), one of the world's largest industrial solid wastes produced during coal mining, is extremely difficult to be used owing to its combined contents of clay minerals and organic macromolecules. This study explored a novel process of degrading the harmful organic compounds in the CG into humic acid using a biological method characterized by scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and elemental analyzer. The results reveal that adding selected Bacillus sp. to the CG for 40 days can increase the humic acid content by ~ 17 times, reaching 17338.17 mg/kg, which is also the best level for promoting plant growth. FTIR and XPS spectra show that the organic compounds in the CG transforms primarily from C=C to C=O, COOH, and O-H groups, indicating that the organic compounds are gradually oxidized and activated, improving the humic acid concentration of soil. In addition, Bacillus sp. decreases pH and benzo[a]pyrene contents, and increases the content of available nutrients. After microbial degradation, coal gangue can be turned into ecological restoration materials.

12.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 26(1): 48-56, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594064

RESUMO

Objectives: To clarify therapeutic potential of albiflorin and its intrinsic mechanisms against dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced Ulcerative colitis (UC) mice. Materials and Methods: Sixty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups: negative control, positive, albiflorin low-dose group, albiflorin high-dose group and treatment control (Salicylazosulfapyridine "SASP", 100 mg/kg) group. Acute colitis was induced in all groups except NC by administration of 3% DSS for 7 days. Albiflorin and SASP were administered via the intragastric route twice a day for 7 days. The changes of colon tissue were assessed by disease activity index (DAI), HE staining, and ELISA. Adrenodoxin expressions of UC colon tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was performed to investigate related protein of the NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Results: It has been found that the albiflorin shares similar influences as the SASP in ameliorating the DSS-induced UC. The reduced DAI and alleviated colon tissue damage were observed in albiflorin intervened groups. Moreover, albiflorin significantly inhibited myeloperoxidase activities and attenuated immuno-inflammatory response and elevated Foxp3 mRNA in colon tissue. Furthermore, investigations revealed that albiflorin could inhibit adrenodoxin isoform and activate activated phosphorylated NF-κB p65 and IκBα, which consequently suppressed phosphorylated p38 MAPK, extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Conclusion: These findings showed that albiflorin could alleviate DSS-induced murine colitis by activating inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways. It might be a potential therapeutic reagent for UC treatment.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 3826-3838, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625537

RESUMO

An early and accurate cancer diagnosis holds the potential to improve treatment and prognosis. Nevertheless, the complexity of the biological system limits the selectivity of existing approaches and makes tumor imaging in vivo particularly challenging. In this study, tumor-specific fluorescence imaging was achieved by building intelligent dual-lock deoxyribonucleic acid automatons (IDEAs) that employed a DNA walking system standing on ZrMOF@MnO2 multifunctional nanocomposites for controllable molecular recognition. The IDEAs exhibited significantly enhanced fluorescence signals only in the coexistence of both miRNA and GSH of tumor cells, enabling accurate distinguishing of tumor cells from healthy ones. Furthermore, the feasibility and specificity of IDEAs were also validated in vivo with tumor bearing mice successfully. This work highlights the potential of the proposed IDEA strategy for tumor-specific imaging, paving the way for successful precision diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Óptica/métodos , DNA
14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 426-435, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635830

RESUMO

In order to study the potential of intercropping Pennisetum purpureum Schum with Melia azedarach L. and Broussonetia papyrifera for phytoremediation of heavy-metal contaminated soil around mining areas, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of intercropping on plant biomass, heavy metal accumulation, dynamic changes in heavy metal content in soil solution, and response characteristics of the rhizosphere microbial community. The results indicated that the shoot biomass of P. purpureum and M. azedarach from their intercropping system (KX) was increased by 26.5% and 13.2%, respectively, and the shoot biomass of B. papyrifera from the intercropping system of P. purpureum and B. papyrifera (GX) was increased by 13.5% compared with their corresponding monoculture systems. The shoot Cd content of M. azedarach in the KX treatment was significantly increased by 24.9% (P<0.05), and their Cd and Pb accumulation in shoots were also significantly increased. The shoot contents and accumulations of Cd and Pb from P. purpureum in the GX treatment were significantly increased; however, those in B. papyrifera shoots were decreased. The total accumulations of Cd and Pb in each pot from intercropping systems were higher than that from the monoculture treatment, with that from the KX treatment being the highest at 1065 µg·pot-1. During the 150-day cultivation process, the pH value and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content in the soil solution under the intercropping systems of KX and GX were higher than those of original soil (CK). After 150 d cultivation, the DOC contents of the soil solution under the KX and GX treatments were significantly increased by 40.5% and 33.1% in comparison with that under CK (P<0.05), respectively. Compared with those from CK and P. purpureum and B. papyrifera monoculture treatments, the Cd content in soil solution from the KX treatment was significantly decreased by 56.1%, 35.5%, and 46.5%, and that in the GX treatment was decreased by 54.5%, 33.2%, and 44.6% (P<0.05), respectively. The Shannon and Chao1 indices of rhizosphere microorganisms under the intercropping systems were significantly higher than those under CK. The number of unique OTUs in intercropping systems was significantly higher than that in CK and the M. azedarach and B. papyrifera monocultures. Intercropping improved the abundance of dominant bacteria such as Actinobacteriota and Acidobacteriota, and the abundance of Actinobacteriota increased by 31.6%, 20.9%, and 25.3% in the KX treatment and by 32.3%, 21.5%, and 25.9% in the GX treatment, respectively, in comparison with those in CK and the P. purpureum and M. azedarach monocultures. It was concluded that intercropping P. purpureum with wood plants could increase their shoot biomass and the accumulations of Cd and Pb, as well as soil environmental quality, whereas the availability and migration risk of heavy metals in soil were reduced. Moreover, the intercropping of P. purpureum and M. azedarach was more beneficial to the remediation of polymetallic-contaminated soil around mining areas.


Assuntos
Broussonetia , Melia azedarach , Metais Pesados , Pennisetum , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Solo/química , Broussonetia/fisiologia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Plantas , Poluentes do Solo/análise
15.
Bioresour Technol ; 370: 128557, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587773

RESUMO

Understanding the relationship between dynamic microbial networks and functional stability is critical for the stable operation of anammox systems. Here, by operating an anammox reactor under constant condition over 250 days, it was found that the relative abundance of Planctomycetota gradually decreased while Chloroflexi and Proteobacteria increased, with stochasticity predominating the bacterial assembly as the reactor operation. Network analysis revealed a successional dynamic pattern of microbial interaction despite stable performance. The variation of subnetworks indicated Chloroflexi and Proteobacteria alternately played important role in anammox microbial network, and the negative relationship between anammox bacteria and heterotrophs could achieve a balance to keep functional stability under long-term operation. Furthermore, the identified keystone species mainly belonged to heterotrophs that were critical in maintaining network structure and system function. The results of this study revealed clear changing patterns of microbial community and network succession, which could provide valuable reference for other stably operated bioreactors.


Assuntos
Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Microbiota , Nitrogênio , Bactérias , Proteobactérias , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Oxirredução
16.
Crit Rev Toxicol ; : 1-17, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625435

RESUMO

Tefluthrin is a Type I pyrethroid insecticide widely used all over the world. Residues of tefluthrin in various agricultural and animal-derived products may be related to potential human health risks. Tefluthrin metabolism in mammals involves hydrolysis of the ester bond to form cyclopropane acid and 4-methylbenzyl alcohol moieties, followed by oxidation. In this review manuscript, we provide crucial information regarding the toxicity of pyrethroids and propose natural antioxidants for amelioration poisoning in humans and animals. We call for the rational use of tefluthrin as an agrochemical product and for greater attention to the residual toxicity caused by tefluthrin in primary and succeeding crops. This greater attention is required given the global use of tefluthrin.

17.
Nano Lett ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656919

RESUMO

The control and manipulation of the valley and spin degrees of freedom have received great interest in fundamental studies and advanced information technologies. Compared with magnetic means, it is highly desirable to realize more energy-efficient electric control of valley and spin. Using the first-principles calculations, we demonstrate tunable valley and spin degeneracy splittings in VSi2N4 bilayers, with the aid of the layered structure and associated electric control. Depending on different interlayer magnetic couplings and stacking orders, the VSi2N4 bilayers exhibit a variety of combinations of valley and spin degeneracies. Under the action of a vertical electric field, the degeneracy splittings become highly tunable for both the sign and the magnitude. As a result, a series of anomalous Hall currents can be selectively realized with varied indices of valley and spin. These intriguing features offer a practical way for designing energy-efficient devices based on the couplings between multiple electronic degrees of freedom.

18.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 28, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progestins can suppress endogenous luteinising hormone (LH) secretion from the pituitary gland and have shown similar efficacy in terms of collecting competent oocytes and embryos; however, some inconsistencies have been proposed regarding the quality of embryos collected with the use of progestins. This study aimed to evaluate euploidy rates and pregnancy outcomes in preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) cycles using the progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol versus the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist/antagonist protocol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 608 PGT-A cycles: 146 women in the PPOS group, 160 women in the GnRH agonist group, and 302 women in the GnRH antagonist group. This study was performed at the in vitro fertilisation (IVF) centre of Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital between January 2019 and December 2021. Additionally, 267 corresponding first frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles were analysed to assess pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: The euploid blastocyst rate per injected metaphase II(MII) oocytes (14.60% vs. 14.09% vs. 13.94%) was comparable among the three groups (p > 0.05). No significant differences were observed among the three groups regarding pregnancy outcomes, including biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, implantation, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, and live birth rates per transfer in the first FET cycles (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The PPOS protocol had no negative effect on euploid blastocyst formation, and the pregnancy outcomes in FET cycles using the PPOS protocol were similar to those of the GnRH agonist and antagonist protocols. Trial registration This trial was retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Testes Genéticos , Progestinas , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , China , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides , Resultado da Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
19.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 126: 590-601, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503785

RESUMO

In this study, we fabricated a blue-TiO2/PbO2-carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode in which blue TiO2 nanotube arrays (blue-TNA) served as the substrate for PbO2-CNT eletrodeposition. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed compact surface structure of the electrode. The ß-PbO2 crystal structure was detected by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The distribution of Pb, O, C, and Na elements on the electrode surface have been confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Blue-TiO2/PbO2-CNT electrode had higher response current (213.12 mA), larger active surface area and lower charge transfer resistance (2.22 Ω/cm2) than conventional TiO2/PbO2-CNT electrode. The influences of current density, initial phenol concentration, initial solution pH, and Na2SO4 concentration on the electrochemical oxidation of phenol have been analyzed. The results showed that the 100 mg/L phenol could be destroyed completely after 210 min, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate was 89.3% within 240 min. Additionally, the electrode showed long actual lifetime (5468.80 hr) and low energy consumption (0.08 kWh/gCOD). A phenol degradation mechanism was proposed by analyzing the intermediate products with high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Importantly, the blue-TiO2/PbO2-CNT electrode exhibited superior stability and high degradation efficiency after 15 times reuse, demonstrating its promising application potential on phenol-containing wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Fenol , Fenóis , Eletrodos , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica
20.
Int J Oncol ; 62(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453241

RESUMO

As a metabolic mediator of antitumor immunity, indoleamine­2,3­dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is upregulated in various types of cancer; however, the regulatory mechanism and clinical significance of IDO1 in non­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) radiotherapy (RT) remain unclear. The present study investigated the role of IDO1 in the NSCLC microenvironment. MTT assay, immunofluorescence, apoptosis analysis, cell cycle analysis, and C57BL/6 and BALB/c nude mouse tumor models were utilized to evaluate the roles of the STAT5A/IDO1/kynurenine axis in radioresistance and in the immune microenvironment of NSCLC. Protein expression levels were evaluated by western blotting, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the status of CD8+ T lymphocytes, regulatory T cells (Tregs) and immune­related inflammatory factors in C57BL/6 mice. Notably, IDO1 and STAT5A were positively associated with the immune microenvironment. RT treatment significantly promoted the expression levels of IDO1. IDO1 knockdown markedly enhanced the radiosensitivity of lung tumor cells and the anti­apoptotic properties of T lymphocytes. It was demonstrated that STAT5A knockdown suppressed T­cell apoptosis by inhibiting IDO1 enzyme function. Finally, in vivo experiments showed that STAT5A knockdown combined with RT was associated with greater numbers of CD8+ T cells and fewer Tregs. Results from the present study indicated that targeting the STAT5A/IDO1 axis may reshape the immune microenvironment and promote the efficacy of RT in NSCLC treatment. The present study may provide a theoretical foundation for more efficient use of immunotherapy regimens in NSCLC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Camundongos , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Microambiente Tumoral , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Camundongos Nus
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