Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.441
Filtrar
1.
J Refract Surg ; 40(6): e381-e391, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848059

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term visual quality and rotational stability after the implantation of Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) and toric ICL (TICL) (STAAR Surgical) in patients with myopia older than 40 years. METHODS: This study included 82 eyes of 41 patients older than 40 years with myopia who underwent ICL/TICL V4c implantation. The refraction sphere, refraction cylinder, spherical equivalent (SE), uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity, and anterior segmental parameters were measured preoperatively and at the 1-month, 3-month, and last follow-up visits at 33 to 58 months postoperatively (mean follow-up: 42.56 ± 7.17 months). Wavefront aberrations and TICL rotation were measured using OPD-Scan III (Nidek Co Ltd) at the last follow-up visit. RESULTS: At the last follow-up visit, the overall safety and efficacy index were 1.22 ± 0.26 and 0.88 ± 0.34, respectively, without significant differences between the ICL and TICL groups. Postoperative refraction cylinder was -0.95 ± 0.64 and -0.71 ± 0.54 diopters in the ICL and TICL groups, respectively. The average vault was 467.44 ± 231.98 µm. The average TICL rotation was 5.45 ± 6.61 degrees, positively correlated with the preoperative anterior chamber volume (R2 = 0.1118, P = .026) and clockwise TICL alignment degree (R2 = 0.3110, P = .007) and negatively correlated with the 1-month vault (R2 = 0.1218, P = .008). There were no significant differences in the total, corneal, or internal aberrations and modulation transfer function AreaRatio between the ICL and TICL groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both ICL and TICL presented satisfactory long-term safety, efficacy, and visual quality in patients older than 40 years. Postoperative TICL spontaneous rotation was within the manageable range in the long term. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(6):e381-e391.].


Assuntos
Implante de Lente Intraocular , Miopia Degenerativa , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Refração Ocular , Acuidade Visual , Humanos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Seguimentos , Miopia Degenerativa/fisiopatologia , Miopia Degenerativa/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Rotação
2.
medRxiv ; 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826275

RESUMO

Aging significantly elevates the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), contributing to the accumulation of AD pathologies, such as amyloid-ß (Aß), inflammation, and oxidative stress. The human prefrontal cortex (PFC) is highly vulnerable to the impacts of both aging and AD. Unveiling and understanding the molecular alterations in PFC associated with normal aging (NA) and AD is essential for elucidating the mechanisms of AD progression and developing novel therapeutics for this devastating disease. In this study, for the first time, we employed a cutting-edge spatial transcriptome platform, STOmics® SpaTial Enhanced Resolution Omics-sequencing (Stereo-seq), to generate the first comprehensive, subcellular resolution spatial transcriptome atlas of the human PFC from six AD cases at various neuropathological stages and six age, sex, and ethnicity matched controls. Our analyses revealed distinct transcriptional alterations across six neocortex layers, highlighted the AD-associated disruptions in laminar architecture, and identified changes in layer-to-layer interactions as AD progresses. Further, throughout the progression from NA to various stages of AD, we discovered specific genes that were significantly upregulated in neurons experiencing high stress and in nearby non-neuronal cells, compared to cells distant from the source of stress. Notably, the cell-cell interactions between the neurons under the high stress and adjacent glial cells that promote Aß clearance and neuroprotection were diminished in AD in response to stressors compared to NA. Through cell-type specific gene co-expression analysis, we identified three modules in excitatory and inhibitory neurons associated with neuronal protection, protein dephosphorylation, and negative regulation of Aß plaque formation. These modules negatively correlated with AD progression, indicating a reduced capacity for toxic substance clearance in AD subject samples. Moreover, we have discovered a novel transcription factor, ZNF460, that regulates all three modules, establishing it as a potential new therapeutic target for AD. Overall, utilizing the latest spatial transcriptome platform, our study developed the first transcriptome-wide atlas with subcellular resolution for assessing the molecular alterations in the human PFC due to AD. This atlas sheds light on the potential mechanisms underlying the progression from NA to AD.

3.
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg ; : 101937, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence has suggested that RNA binding protein (RBP) dysregulation plays an essential role during tumorigenesis. Here, we sought to explore the potential biological functions and clinical significance of RBP and develop diagnostic and prognostic signatures based on RBP in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The differently expressed RBPs between HNSCC samples and their normal counterparts were identified using the Limma package. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) images of several RBPs were collected from the Human Protein Atlas database. The diagnostic signature based on RBP was built by LASSO-logistic regression and random forest. The prognostic signature based on RBP was constructed by LASSO and stepwise Cox regression analysis in the training cohort and validated in the validation cohort. RESULTS: Eighty-four aberrantly expressed RBPs were obtained, comprising 41 up-regulated and 43 down-regulated RBPs. Seven RBP genes (CPEB3, PDCD4, ENDOU, PARP12, DNMT3B, IGF2BP1, EXO1) were identified as diagnostic-related hub genes. They were used to establish a diagnostic RBP signature risk score (DRBPS) model by the coefficients in least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-logistic regression analysis and showed high specificity and sensitivity in the training (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.998), and in all validation cohorts (AUC > 0.95 for all). Similarly, seven RBP genes (MKRN3, ZC3H12D, EIF5A2, AFF3, SIDT1, RBM24, and NR0B1) were identified as prognosis-associated hub genes by LASSO and stepwise multiple Cox regression analyses and were used to construct the prognostic model named as PRBPS. The AUC of the time-dependent receiver operator characteristic curve of the prognostic model was 0.664 at 3 years and 0.635 at 5 years in the training cohort and 0.720, 0.777 in the validation cohort, showing a favorable predictive efficacy for prognosis in HNSCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the value of consideration of RBP in the diagnosis and prognosis for HNSCC and provide a novel insight into understanding the potential role of dysregulated RBP in HNSCC.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828732

RESUMO

Due to the rapid progression and aggressive metastasis of breast cancer, its diagnosis and treatment remain a great challenge. The simultaneous inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis is necessary for breast cancer to obtain ideal therapeutic outcomes. We herein report the development of radioactive hybrid semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNH) for imaging-guided tri-modal therapy of breast cancer. Two semiconducting polymers are used to form SPNH with a diameter of around 60 nm via nano-coprecipitation and they are also labeled with iodine-131 (131I) to enhance the imaging functions. The formed SPNH show good radiolabeling stability and excellent photodynamic and photothermal effects under 808 nm laser irradiation to produce singlet oxygen (1O2) and heat. Moreover, SPNH can generate 1O2 with ultrasound irradiation via their sonodynamic properties. After intravenous tail vein injection, SPNH can effectively accumulate in the subcutaneous 4T1 tumors of living mice as verified via fluorescence and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. With the irradiation of tumors using an 808 nm laser and US, SPNH mediate photodynamic therapy (PDT), photothermal therapy (PTT) and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) to kill tumor cells. Such a tri-modal therapy leads to an improved efficacy in inhibiting tumor growth and suppressing tumor metastasis compared to the sole SDT and combinational PDT-PTT. This study thus demonstrates the applications of SPNH to diagnose tumors and combine different therapies for effective breast cancer treatment.

5.
Food Funct ; 15(12): 6705-6716, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832529

RESUMO

Studies have confirmed that yogurt has the activity of regulating blood pressure because it is rich in probiotic-fermented food-derived active peptides. There are also studies on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) peptide milk, but the bioactive molecules in it are still unclear. Therefore, in this study, we developed a peanut yogurt with ACEI activity, analyzed 1877 differential peptides and their antihypertensive pathways before and after fermentation using peptidomics, and identified three peptides (FLPYPY, QPPPSPPPFL and APFPEVFGK) with potential antihypertensive activity using molecular docking and chemical synthesis techniques. These results first elucidated the relationship between peanut yogurt peptides and antihypertensive function, demonstrated the benefits of peanut yogurt, and provided a theoretical basis for the application of probiotic fermented plant yogurt in health care.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Anti-Hipertensivos , Arachis , Peptídeos , Iogurte , Iogurte/análise , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Arachis/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Humanos , Fermentação , Animais , Proteômica
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 273(Pt 1): 132967, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851609

RESUMO

Conventional oil-water separation membranes are difficult to establish a trade-off between membrane flux and separation efficiency, and often result in serious secondary contamination due to their fouling issue and non-degradability. Herein, a double drying strategy was introduced through a combination of oven-drying and freeze-drying to create a super-wettable and eco-friendly oil-water separating aerogel membrane (TMAdf). Due to the regular nacre-like structures developed in the drying process and the pores formed by freeze-drying, TMAdf aerogel membrane finally develops regularly arranged porous structures. In addition, the aerogel membrane possesses excellent underwater superoleophobicity with a contact angle above 168° and antifouling properties. TMAdf aerogel membrane can effectively separate different kinds of oil-water mixtures and highly emulsified oil-water dispersions under gravity alone, achieving exceptionally high flux (3693 L·m-2·h-1) and efficiency (99 %), while being recyclable. The aerogel membrane also displays stability and universality, making it effective in removing oil droplets from water in corrosive environments such as acids, salts and alkalis. Furthermore, TMAdf aerogel membrane shows long-lasting antibacterial properties (photothermal sterilization up to 6 times) and biodegradability (completely degraded after 50 days in soil). This study presents new ideas and insights for the fabrication of multifunctional membranes for oil-water separation.

7.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613241257322, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853747

RESUMO

Objective: The diagnostic value of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) in esophageal jujube pit impaction was explored in this study. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on MSCT data obtained from a cohort of 40 patients experiencing esophageal jujube pit impaction. The study period encompassed the interval from December 2018 to November 2019. The analysis involved examining the age distribution of the patients, the location of the jujube pit impaction, its connection to the esophagus, associated complications, and the methods used for treatment. All imaging results were compared with the outcomes of surgical or endoscopic interventions. Results: (1) Out of 40 patients, 30 individuals were 58 years old or above, constituting 75% of the study sample. (2) In 80% of the instances (32 cases), the jujube pit was located in the initial segment of the esophagus, exhibiting a spindle shape with varying levels of central low density. (3) We examined the correlation between the angle of the impacted jujube pit and the esophageal longitudinal axis, categorizing 2 cases as longitudinal impaction, 16 as oblique impaction, and 22 as transverse impaction. Among the 40 cases, 28 displayed only slight thickening of the esophageal wall at the impaction site, while 9 cases exhibited heightened periesophageal fat density, and 3 showed small periesophageal air bubbles. (4) Endoscopic evaluation identified damage to the esophageal mucosa in 35 instances and the formation of esophageal perforation in 5 cases. Among patients with perforation, one or both ends of the jujube pit had penetrated the esophageal wall, accompanied by different levels of surrounding inflammatory encapsulation. Conclusion: MSCT is crucial for pinpointing jujube pit impaction and its relation to the esophageal wall and nearby structures, aiding in preoperative and postoperative complications. It is highly feasible for endoscopic cases but limited in complex ones needing thoracoscopy or open-heart surgery.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879668

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the increasing widespread adoption and experience in minimally invasive liver resections (MILR), open conversion occurs not uncommonly even with minor resections and as been reported to be associated with inferior outcomes. We aimed to identify risk factors for and outcomes of open conversion in patients undergoing minor hepatectomies. We also studied the impact of approach (laparoscopic or robotic) on outcomes. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of 20,019 patients who underwent RLR and LLR across 50 international centers between 2004-2020. Risk factors for and perioperative outcomes of open conversion were analysed. Multivariate and propensity score-matched analysis were performed to control for confounding factors. RESULTS: Finally, 10,541 patients undergoing either laparoscopic (LLR; 89.1%) or robotic (RLR; 10.9%) minor liver resections (wedge resections, segmentectomies) were included. Multivariate analysis identified LLR, earlier period of MILR, malignant pathology, cirrhosis, portal hypertension, previous abdominal surgery, larger tumor size, and posterosuperior location as significant independent predictors of open conversion. The most common reason for conversion was technical issues (44.7%), followed by bleeding (27.2%), and oncological reasons (22.3%). After propensity score matching (PSM) of baseline characteristics, patients requiring open conversion had poorer outcomes compared with successful MILR cases as evidenced by longer operative times, more blood loss, higher requirement for perioperative transfusion, longer duration of hospitalization and higher morbidity, reoperation, and 90-day mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple risk factors were associated with conversion of MILR even for minor hepatectomies, and open conversion was associated with significantly poorer perioperative outcomes.

9.
Schizophr Res ; 269: 36-47, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723519

RESUMO

Schizophrenia patients with tardive dyskinesia (TD) are associated with accelerated biological aging, immunological dysfunction, and premature morbidity and mortality. Older individuals are particularly vulnerable to TD development. As a characteristic of immunosenescence, alterations in the relative proportions of naïve or memory T cell subpopulations may be negatively or positively associated with brain structure abnormalities; however, whether these changes are correlated with TD remains unclear. In this study, we investigated correlations between distributions of T cell phenotypes and brain structure abnormalities (especially white matter) in schizophrenia patients with (TD) and without (NTD) TD (n = 50 and 58, respectively) relative to healthy controls (HC, n = 41). Immune markers, including naïve (CD45RA+), memory (CD45RO+), and apoptotic (CD95+) CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, were examined by flow cytometry, as were the intracellular levels of cytokines (interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α) in CD8 + CD45RA + CD95+ and CD8 + CD45RO + CD95+ T cells. MRI was employed to evaluate the fractional anisotropy (FA) of white matter tracts and subcortical volumes, following published routines. The percentage of CD8 + CD45RO + CD95+ T cells was higher in TD compared with NTD and HC groups and correlated with the choroid plexus volume in TD group. The intracellular level of IFN-γ in CD8 + CD45RO + CD95+ T cells, the FA of the fornix/stria terminalis, and the pallidum volume were correlated with orofacial TD, whereas the FAs of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, cingulum, and superior longitudinal fasciculus were correlated with limb-truncal TD. These findings provide preliminary evidence that the association between immunosenescence-related T cell subpopulations and brain structure may underline the pathological process of TD.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Imunossenescência , Esquizofrenia , Discinesia Tardia , Substância Branca , Humanos , Esquizofrenia/patologia , Esquizofrenia/imunologia , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia , Substância Branca/imunologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Discinesia Tardia/patologia , Discinesia Tardia/imunologia , Discinesia Tardia/diagnóstico por imagem , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia
10.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 13(3): 100075, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795866

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the visual outcomes and risks of suboptimal vault-related complications between immediate sequential bilateral ICL surgery (ISBICLS) and delayed sequential bilateral ICL surgery (DSBICLS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients who underwent bilateral ICL implantation between November 2014 and December 2021 at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University (Shanghai, China) were included and divided into two groups: (1) ISBICLS: both eye surgeries performed on the same day, and (2) DSBICLS: second eye surgery performed < 7 days following the first one. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to compare the visual outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of the suboptimal vaults. RESULTS: Finally, 10,985 eyes were included. After PSM, 204 first surgery eyes and 162 s surgery eyes with complete postoperative data were matched. The safety and efficacy indices did not statistically differ between groups (all > 1.00), except that ISBICLS first surgery eyes achieved better efficacy index than DSBICLS group (1.03 ± 0.26 vs. 1.08 ± 0.23, P = 0.034). Excessive vault was observed in eight (4.06 %) ISBICLS first eyes, one (0.50 %) DSBICLS first eye, and none in the second surgery eye in either group. An insufficient vault was observed in one second eye and one DSBICLS second eye. We found no evidence of differences in the rate of excessive vault (OR = 0.831, 95 % CI: 0.426-1.622, P = 0.588) or insufficient vault (OR = 0.609, 95 % CI:0.062-5.850, P = 0.668). CONCLUSION: ISBICLS provided safety, efficacy, and refraction predictability comparable to DSBICLS without increasing the risk of suboptimal vault-related complications.


Assuntos
Implante de Lente Intraocular , Acuidade Visual , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Adulto Jovem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Pharmacol Res ; 205: 107216, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761883

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and it is associated with a combination of genetic, environmental, and microbial risk factors. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is classified as a type I carcinogen, however, the exact regulatory mechanisms underlying H. pylori-induced GC are incompletely defined. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), one of small non-coding RNAs, negatively regulate gene expression through binding to their target genes. Dysregulation of miRNAs is crucial in human cancer. A noteworthy quantity of aberrant miRNAs induced by H. pylori through complex regulatory networks have been identified. These miRNAs substantially affect genetic instability, cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, metastasis, autophagy, chemoresistance, and the tumor microenvironment, leading to GC development and progression. Importantly, some H. pylori-associated miRNAs hold promise as therapeutic tools and biomarkers for GC prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis. Nonetheless, clinical application of miRNAs remains in its infancy with multiple issues, including sensitivity and specificity, stability, reliable delivery systems, and off-target effects. Additional research on the specific molecular mechanisms and more clinical data are still required. This review investigated the biogenesis, regulatory mechanisms, and functions of miRNAs in H. pylori-induced GC, offering novel insights into the potential clinical applications of miRNA-based therapeutics and biomarkers.

12.
Bioact Mater ; 37: 348-377, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694766

RESUMO

Setting time as the fourth dimension, 4D printing allows us to construct dynamic structures that can change their shape, property, or functionality over time under stimuli, leading to a wave of innovations in various fields. Recently, 4D printing of smart biomaterials, biological components, and living cells into dynamic living 3D constructs with 4D effects has led to an exciting field of 4D bioprinting. 4D bioprinting has gained increasing attention and is being applied to create programmed and dynamic cell-laden constructs such as bone, cartilage, and vasculature. This review presents an overview on 4D bioprinting for engineering dynamic tissues and organs, followed by a discussion on the approaches, bioprinting technologies, smart biomaterials and smart design, bioink requirements, and applications. While much progress has been achieved, 4D bioprinting as a complex process is facing challenges that need to be addressed by transdisciplinary strategies to unleash the full potential of this advanced biofabrication technology. Finally, we present future perspectives on the rapidly evolving field of 4D bioprinting, in view of its potential, increasingly important roles in the development of advanced dynamic tissues for basic research, pharmaceutics, and regenerative medicine.

13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 259: 116405, 2024 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776801

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is affecting more and more people worldwide without the effective treatment, while the existed pathological mechanism has been confirmed barely useful in the treatment. Amyloid-ß peptide (Aß), a main component of senile plaque, is regarded as the most promising target in AD treatment. Aß clearance from AD brain seems to be a reliably therapeutic strategy, as the two exited drugs, GV-971 and aducanumab, are both developed based on it. However, doubt still exists. To exhaustive expound on the pathological mechanism of Aß, rigorous analyses on the concentrations and aggregation forms are essential. Thus, it is attracting broad attention these years. However, most of the sensors have not been used in pathological studies, as the lack of the bridge between analytical chemist and pathologists. In this review, we made a brief introduce on Aß-related pathological mechanism included in ß-amyloid hypothesis to elucidate the detection conditions of sensor methods. Furthermore, a summary of the sensor methods was made, which were based on Aß concentrations and form detections that have been developed in the past 10 years. As the greatest number of the sensors were built on fluorescent spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and Roman spectroscopy, detailed elucidation on them was made. Notably, the aggregation process is another important factor in revealing the progress of AD and developing the treatment methods, so the sensors on monitoring Aß aggregation processes were also summarized.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/análise , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Humanos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados
14.
EBioMedicine ; 104: 105155, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies having evaluated the associations between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and risk of specific cancers other than anogenital tract and oropharyngeal, the findings are inconsistent and the quality of evidence has not been systematically quantified. We aimed to summarise the existing evidence as well as to evaluate the strength and credibility of these associations. METHODS: We conducted an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies. PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched from inception to March 2024. Studies with systematic reviews and meta-analyses that examined associations between HPV or HPV-associated genotypes infection and specific cancers were eligible for this review. The quality of the methodology was evaluated using A Measurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR). The credibility of the evidence was assessed using GRADE. The protocol was preregistered with PROSPERO (CRD42023439070). FINDINGS: The umbrella review identified 31 eligible studies reporting 87 associations with meta-analytic estimates, including 1191 individual studies with 336,195 participants. Of those, 29 (93.5%) studies were rated as over moderate quality by AMSTAR. Only one association indicating HPV-18 infection associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 3.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.24-5.41) was graded as convincing evidence. There were five unique outcomes identified as highly suggestive evidence, including HPV infection increased the risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OR = 7.03, 95% CI = 3.87-12.76), oesophageal cancer (OR = 3.32, 95% CI = 2.54-4.34), oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OR = 2.69, 95% CI = 2.05-3.54), lung cancer (OR = 3.60, 95% CI = 2.59-5.01), and breast cancer (OR = 6.26, 95% CI = 4.35-9.00). According to GRADE, one association was classified as high, indicating that compared with the controls in normal tissues, HPV infection was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. INTERPRETATION: The umbrella review synthesised up-to-date observational evidence on HPV infection with the risk of breast cancer, oral squamous cell carcinoma, oesophageal cancer, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and lung cancer. Further larger prospective cohort studies are needed to verify the associations, providing public health recommendations for prevention of disease. FUNDING: National Key Research and Development Program of China, Natural Science Foundation of China, Outstanding Scientific Fund of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, and 345 Talent Project of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias/virologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Papillomaviridae/genética , Feminino , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
Trends Neurosci ; 47(6): 461-474, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729785

RESUMO

Aging may lead to low-level chronic inflammation that increases the susceptibility to age-related conditions, including memory impairment and progressive loss of brain volume. As brain health is essential to promoting healthspan and lifespan, it is vital to understand age-related changes in the immune system and central nervous system (CNS) that drive normal brain aging. However, the relative importance, mechanistic interrelationships, and hierarchical order of such changes and their impact on normal brain aging remain to be clarified. Here, we synthesize accumulating evidence that age-related DNA damage and cellular senescence in the immune system and CNS contribute to the escalation of neuroinflammation and cognitive decline during normal brain aging. Targeting cellular senescence and immune modulation may provide a logical rationale for developing new treatment options to restore immune homeostasis and counteract age-related brain dysfunction and diseases.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Encéfalo , Senescência Celular , Dano ao DNA , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Humanos , Animais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Dano ao DNA/fisiologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Senescência Celular/fisiologia , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/imunologia , Inflamação
16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 337: 122147, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710554

RESUMO

Treatment of infected wound by simultaneously eliminating bacteria and inducing angiogenesis to promote wound tissue regeneration remains a clinical challenge. Dynamic and reversable hydrogels can adapt to irregular wound beds, which have raised great attention as wound dressings. Herein, a sprayable chitosan-based hydrogel (HPC/CCS/ODex-IGF1) was developed using hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPC), caffeic acid functionalized chitosan (CCS), oxidized dextran (ODex) to crosslink through the dynamic imine bond, which was pH-responsive to the acidic microenvironment and could controllably release insulin growth factor-1 (IGF1). The HPC/CCS/ODex-IGF1 hydrogels not only showed self-healing, self-adaptable and sprayable properties, but also exhibited excellent antibacterial ability, antioxidant property, low-cytotoxicity and angiogenetic activity. In vivo experiments demonstrated that hydrogels promoted tissue regeneration and healing of bacteria-infected wound with a rate of approximately 98.4 % on day 11 by eliminating bacteria, reducing inflammatory and facilitating angiogenesis, demonstrating its great potential for wound dressing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Quitosana , Hidrogéis , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Cicatrização , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Angiogênese , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bandagens , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Dextranos/química , Dextranos/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecção dos Ferimentos/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção dos Ferimentos/microbiologia
17.
Chirality ; 36(5): e23669, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747136

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the chiral inversion and the stereoselective pharmacokinetic profiles of desmethyl-phencynonate hydrochloride after administration of the single isomer and its racemate to beagle dogs. A liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was established for determination of the stereoisomers on chiral columns in beagle dog plasma, which met all the requirements. The chiral inversion in dogs of the desmethyl-phencynonate hydrochloride were studied after administration of the single isomer or the racemic modification. The stereoselective pharmacokinetic profiles of the desmethyl-phencynonate hydrochloride were studied by assays for simultaneous isomers after administration of the racemic modification. The results showed that the absorption of the R-configuration dosed as the single isomer was higher than it dosed as the racemic modification. The AUC(0-t), AUC(0-∞), and Cmax of the S-configuration were much higher than those of R-configuration after oral administration of the racemic desmethyl-phencynonate hydrochloride. The chiral inversion of desmethyl-phencynonate isomers could not occur in dogs after administration of the R-configuration.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cães , Estereoisomerismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Masculino , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Administração Oral , Área Sob a Curva
18.
Clin Proteomics ; 21(1): 32, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often results in diverse molecular responses, challenging traditional proteomic studies that measure average changes at tissue levels and fail to capture the complexity and heterogeneity of the affected tissues. Spatial proteomics offers a solution by providing insights into sub-region-specific alterations within tissues. This study focuses on the hippocampal sub-regions, analyzing proteomic expression profiles in mice at the acute (1 day) and subacute (7 days) phases of post-TBI to understand subregion-specific vulnerabilities and long-term consequences. METHODS: Three mice brains were collected from each group, including Sham, 1-day post-TBI and 7-day post-TBI. Hippocampal subregions were extracted using Laser Microdissection (LMD) and subsequently analyzed by label-free quantitative proteomics. RESULTS: The spatial analysis reveals region-specific protein abundance changes, highlighting the elevation of FN1, LGALS3BP, HP, and MUG-1 in the stratum moleculare (SM), suggesting potential immune cell enrichment post-TBI. Notably, established markers of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, IGHM and B2M, exhibit specific upregulation in the dentate gyrus bottom (DG2) independent of direct mechanical injury. Metabolic pathway analysis identifies disturbances in glucose and lipid metabolism, coupled with activated cholesterol synthesis pathways enriched in SM at 7-Day post-TBI and subsequently in deeper DG1 and DG2 suggesting a role in neurogenesis and the onset of recovery. Coordinated activation of neuroglia and microtubule dynamics in DG2 suggest recovery mechanisms in less affected regions. Cluster analysis revealed spatial variations post-TBI, indicative of dysregulated neuronal plasticity and neurogenesis and further predisposition to neurological disorders. TBI-induced protein upregulation (MUG-1, PZP, GFAP, TJP, STAT-1, and CD44) across hippocampal sub-regions indicates shared molecular responses and links to neurological disorders. Spatial variations were demonstrated by proteins dysregulated in both or either of the time-points exclusively in each subregion (ELAVL2, CLIC1 in PL, CD44 and MUG-1 in SM, and SHOC2, LGALS3 in DG). CONCLUSIONS: Utilizing advanced spatial proteomics techniques, the study unveils the dynamic molecular responses in distinct hippocampal subregions post-TBI. It uncovers region-specific vulnerabilities and dysregulated neuronal processes, and potential recovery-related pathways that contribute to our understanding of TBI's neurological consequences and provides valuable insights for biomarker discovery and therapeutic targets.

19.
J Tissue Viability ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704336

RESUMO

Dendritic epidermal T cells (DETCs) have been shown to promote wound healing. However, the mechanisms involved need to be better understood. In the present study, we investigated the role and mechanism of DETCs in deep tissue pressure injury (DTPI). We established the DTPI model using C57BL/6 mice. Then, DTPI was evaluated and analyzed by histological staining, immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR, Western blotting, and flow cytometry in different treatment groups (DETCs, DETCs/gel, Matrigel, Saline, and Normal group). The results showed that insulin-like growth factor 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A expression increased after local DETCs and DETCs/gel implantation in DTPI on days 3 and 7. M1 (inducible nitric oxide synthas-marked) macrophages were predominant at 3 days after DTPI. At 7 days, M1 macrophages were decreased, and M2 (CD206-marked) macrophages were increased in the DETCs and DETCs/gel groups. In vitro, in the co-culture of DETCs and RAW264.7, CD206 expression was significantly increased in M2 macrophages. In addition, Interleukin-17A initially inhibited wound healing 1 day after injury. However, it promoted wound healing at 7, 14, and 21 days after treatment with DETCs and DETCs/gel, respectively. In conclusion, our data suggest that exogenous DETCs improve DTPI wound healing by regulating M1 to M2 macrophage polarization.

20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10437, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714766

RESUMO

The Waveflex semi-rigid-dynamic-internal-fixation system shows good short-term effects in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases, but there are few long-term follow-up studies, especially for recovery of sagittal balance. Fifty patients with lumbar degenerative diseases treated from January 2016 to October 2017 were retrospectively analysed: 25 patients treated with Waveflex semi-rigid-dynamic-internal-fixation system (Waveflex group) and 25 patients treated with double-segment PLIF (PLIF group). Clinical efficacy was evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Imaging data before surgery and at 3 months, 1 year, and 5 years postoperatively was used for imaging indicator assessment. Local disc degeneration of the cephalic adjacent segment (including disc height index (DHI), intervertebral foramen height (IFH), and range of motion (ROM)) and overall spinal motor function (including lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and |PI-LL|) were analysed. Regarding clinical efficacy, comparison of VAS and ODI scores between the Waveflex and PLIF groups showed no significant preoperative or postoperative differences. The comparison of the objective imaging indicators showed no significant differences in the DHI, IFH, LL, |PI-LL|, and SS values between the Waveflex and PLIF groups preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively (P > 0.05). These values were significantly different at 1 and 5 years postoperatively (P < 0.05), and the Waveflex group showed better ROM values than those of the PLIF group (P < 0.05). PI values were not significantly different between the groups, but PT showed a significant improvement in the Waveflex group 5 years postoperatively (P < 0.05). The Waveflex semi-rigid dynamic fixation system can effectively reduce the probability of intervertebral disc degeneration in upper adjacent segments. Simultaneously, patients in the Waveflex group showed postoperative improvements in LL, spinal sagittal imbalance, and quality of life.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Vértebras Lombares , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Idoso , Fixadores Internos , Lordose/diagnóstico por imagem , Lordose/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...