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1.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 194-207, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35702607

RESUMO

Meniscus is a wedge-shaped fibrocartilaginous tissue, playing important roles in maintaining joint stability and function. Meniscus injuries are difficult to heal and frequently progress into structural breakdown, which then leads to osteoarthritis. Regeneration of heterogeneous tissue engineering meniscus (TEM) continues to be a scientific and translational challenge. The morphology, tissue architecture, mechanical strength, and functional applications of the cultivated TEMs have not been able to meet clinical needs, which may due to the negligent attention on the importance of microenvironment in vitro and in vivo. Herein, we combined the 3D (three-dimensional)-printed gradient porous scaffolds, spatiotemporal partition release of growth factors, and anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant microenvironment regulation of Ac2-26 peptide to prepare a versatile meniscus composite scaffold with heterogeneous bionic structures, excellent biomechanical properties and anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. By observing the results of cell activity and differentiation, and biomechanics under anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant microenvironments in vitro, we explored the effects of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant microenvironments on construction of regional and functional heterogeneous TEM via the growth process regulation, with a view to cultivating a high-quality of TEM from bench to bedside.

2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 630-643, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182169

RESUMO

The feasibility of decomplexation removal of typical contaminants in electroplating wastewater, complexed Cu(II) with 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid (Cu-HEDP), was first performed by a three-dimensional electrode reactor with activated biochar as particle electrodes. For the case of 50 mg/L Cu-HEDP, Cu(II) removal (90.7%) and PO43- conversion (34.9%) were achieved under the conditions of electric current 40 mA, initial pH 7, acid-treated almond shell biochar (AASB) addition 20 g/L, and reaction time 180 min, with second-order rate constants of 1.10 × 10-3 and 1.94 × 10-5 min-1 respectively. The growing chelating effect between Cu(II) and HEDP and the comprehensive actions of adsorptive accumulation, direct and indirect oxidation given by particle electrodes accounted for the enhanced removal of Cu-HEDP, even though the mineralization of HEDP was mainly dependent on anode oxidation. The performance attenuation of AASB particle electrodes was ascribed to the excessive consumption of oxygen-containing functionalities during the reaction, especially acidic carboxylic groups and quinones on particle electrodes, which decreased from 446.74 to 291.48 µmol/g, and 377.55 to 247.71 µmol/g, respectively. Based on the determination of adsorption behavior and indirect electrochemical oxidation mediated by in situ electrogenerated H2O2 and reactive oxygen species (e.g., •OH), a possible removal mechanism of Cu-HEDP by three-dimensional electrolysis was further proposed.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carvão Vegetal , Eletrodos , Eletrólise/métodos , Ácido Etidrônico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Oxigênio , Quinonas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
3.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136829, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265712

RESUMO

Urbanization has dramatically changed the quality and quantity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) fluxes in rivers, thereby affecting the diversity and lifestyle strategies of microbial communities. However, relationships between DOM molecular composition and microbial lifestyle strategies in effluent-dominated rivers are poorly understood. Herein, we investigated the variations in DOM structure and composition of an effluent-dominated river and further revealed how these changes alter the abundance and lifestyle strategies of microbial communities. Results demonstrated that macromolecular (MW > 35 kDa) humic-like substances constituted the major components of effluent-dominated riverine DOM. Also, due to the degradation of humic-like substances, the accumulation of protein-like substances was observed from upstream to downstream areas, corresponding to an apparent decrease in overall aromaticity. The abundance of bacterial, Actinobacteria, and eukaryotic was higher in the upstream and midstream areas but relatively lower in the downstream area. The response of bacterial and Actinobacteria communities to the changes in DOM composition was more prominent as compared to that of eukaryotic. Based on multivariate statistical analysis, the decrease in aromatic components (MW > 35 kDa) was mainly attributed to the degradation of Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria (K-strategists), resulting in a decrease in their relative abundance along the river course. Proteins and polysaccharides (15 kDa < MW < 35 kDa, MW < 6 kDa) were more easily utilized by Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes (r-strategists), leading to an increase in their relative abundance. With the decrease of macromolecular humic-like substances and the increase of protein-like substances, river microbial communities shifted from K-strategists to r-strategists. This work unveils the evolution of DOM in an effluent-dominated river and the influence of the degradation of macromolecular humic-like substances on r/K-strategists.


Assuntos
Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Microbiota , Rios/química , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Urbanização , Bactérias , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
4.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 1-6, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measurement-based care (MBC) is an evidence-based approach that can improve management of depression, but its use in clinical settings remains low. The use of digital technology, or technology-enhanced MBC (eMBC), may address some of the barriers to implementation of MBC by enabling patients to easily complete outcome assessments. This study aims to identify the perceived facilitators and barriers to MBC and eMBC from both patient and provider perspectives in Canada. METHODS: The study recruited 108 clinicians and 131 patients with a self-reported diagnosis of depression to participate in an online survey about the acceptability of both MBC and eMBC. RESULTS: Most clinicians (90/108, 83.3 %) agreed that MBC is important for clinical judgement, and felt trained to interpret their scores; however, only 43/108 (39.8 %) use MBC routinely. Clinicians (95/108, 88.0 %) felt they would be more likely to use MBC if it was automated and available to use electronically. Most patients (117/131, 89.3 %) felt MBC would be helpful for their treatment and were willing to use a mobile app to track their symptoms. LIMITATIONS: Recruitment was done online and, hence, this study may not capture the perspective of patients who are not already familiar with using online programs to complete questionnaires. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians and patients in Canada would be willing to utilize MBC and eMBC in their psychiatric care, but barriers to implementation include perceptions about efficiency, ease of use, and accessibility. These results highlight the importance of engaging both clinicians and patients to effectively implement MBC and eMBC for depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Aplicativos Móveis , Humanos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/terapia , Depressão/psicologia , Canadá , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia
5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 125: 616-629, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375944

RESUMO

The widely use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as antimicrobial agents gives rise to potential environmental risks. AgNPs exposure have been reported to cause toxicity in animals. Nevertheless, the known mechanisms of AgNPs toxicity are still limited. In this study, we systematically investigated the toxicity of AgNPs exposure using Drosophila melanogaster. We show here that AgNPs significantly decreased Drosophila fecundity, the third-instar larvae weight and rates of pupation and eclosion in a dose-dependent manner. AgNPs reduced fat body cell viability in MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assays. AgNPs caused DNA damage in hemocytes and S2 cells. Interestingly, the mRNA levels of the entire metallothionein gene family were increased under AgNPs exposure as determined by RNA-seq analysis and validated by qRT-PCR, indicating that Drosophila responded to the metal toxicity of AgNPs by producing metallothioneins for detoxification. These findings provide a better understanding of the mechanisms of AgNPs toxicity and may provide clues to effect on other organisms, including humans.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Humanos , Animais , Prata/toxicidade , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Drosophila , Mecanismos de Defesa
6.
Behav Brain Res ; 437: 114149, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206820

RESUMO

Hearing abnormalities are important symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a neurological and developmental disorder. However, the characteristics of hearing abnormalities associated with ASD during development have not been fully investigated. We found that in Shank3B knockout mice (a high-confidence mouse model of ASD), transient hearing abnormalities can be found in auditory brainstem response, auditory cortical activity, as well as acoustic startle response. More importantly, all hearing abnormalities at 4 weeks were most prominent and preceded the onset of social deficits at 6 weeks. These hearing abnormalities gradually recovered with age. In addition, analysis of ABR data at 4 weeks using Support Vector Machine (SVM) can faithfully predict the genotype of mice with an accuracy of 85.71%. These findings not only revealed hearing changes in Shank3B knockout autistic-like mice during development, but also suggested that hearing abnormalities could potentially be used as an early and effective indicator of ASD risk.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Camundongos , Animais , Transtorno Autístico/complicações , Transtorno Autístico/genética , Reflexo de Sobressalto/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Knockout , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Audição
7.
Maturitas ; 167: 53-59, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis has become a leading public health problem. Previous studies suggest that enhanced muscle strength and muscle-derived cytokines (myokines) are linked with atherosclerosis. However, no previous prospective study has examined the relationship between grip strength (GS) and carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) in middle-aged and older adults. We therefore designed a cohort study to investigate the association between GS and the incidence of CAS in a population aged 45 years and over. METHODS: The cohort study (n = 1258; follow-up range: 1-6 years, median: 4.0 years, age range: 45-85 years) was performed from 2013 to 2019 in Tianjin, China. CAS was measured using a carotid artery B-mode ultrasound system and defined by increased carotid intima-media thickness and plaques. GS was measured using a handheld digital dynamometer. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the association between quartiles of GS and CAS. RESULTS: The incidence of CAS was 122 cases per 1000 person-years. In the final multivariable models, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) [95 % confidence interval (CI)] for CAS across quartiles of weight-adjusted GS (Q1-Q4) were as follows: 1.00 (reference), 0.82 (0.63, 1.06), 0.92 (0.71, 1.19), 0.69 (0.52, 0.91) and the HRs (95 % CI) across quartiles of GS (Q1-Q4) were as follows: 1.00 (reference), 1.06 (0.83, 1.36), 0.78 (0.59, 1.02), 0.76 (0.58, 0.995). For one unit and one standard deviation (SD) increase in weight-adjusted GS, the adjusted HRs (95 % CI) of CAS were 0.16 (0.05, 0.52) and 0.82 (0.72, 0.93), respectively. For one unit and one SD increase in GS, the adjusted HRs (95 % CI) of CAS were 0.98 (0.96, 0.995), and 0.47 (0.26, 0.83), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Higher GS was associated with a lower incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older adults. Further studies are required to clarify the causality.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Força da Mão , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(30): 11082-11089, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is a rare autosomal-recessive defect of purine metabolism caused by mutation of the ADSL gene. It can cause severe neurological impairment and diverse clinical manifestations, including epilepsy. CASE SUMMARY: Here, we describe a 3-year-old Chinese boy who had both psychomotor retardation and refractory epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging showed myelin hypoplasia. Electroencephalography findings supported a diagnosis of epilepsy. Whole-exon sequencing revealed the presence of a novel complex heterozygous mutation in the ADSL gene: The splicing mutation c.154-3C>G and the missense mutation c.71C>T (p. Pro24Leu). Considering the patient's clinical presentation and genetic test results, the complex heterozygous mutation was predicted to prevent both ADSL alleles from producing normal ADSL, which may have led to ADSL deficiency. Finally, the child was diagnosed with ADSL deficiency. CONCLUSION: We identified a novel complex heterozygous mutation in the ADSL gene associated with ADSL deficiency, thus expanding the known spectrum of pathogenic mutations that cause ADSL deficiency. Additionally, we describe epilepsy that occurs in patients with ADSL deficiency.

10.
Gels ; 8(11)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421567

RESUMO

The significant efforts being made towards the utilization of artificial soft materials holds considerable promise for developing tissue engineering scaffolds for bone-related diseases in clinics. However, most of these biomaterials cannot simultaneously satisfy the multiple requirements of high mechanics, good compatibility, and biological osteogenesis. In this study, an osteogenic hybrid hydrogel between the amine-functionalized bioactive glass (ABG) and 4-armed poly(ethylene glycol) succinimidyl glutarate-gelatin network (SGgel) is introduced to flexibly adhere onto the defective tissue and to subsequently guide bone regeneration. Relying on the rapid ammonolysis reaction between amine groups (-NH2) of gelatin and ABG components and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-ester of tetra-PEG-SG polymer, the hydrogel networks were formed within seconds, offering a multifunctional performance, including easy injection, favorable biocompatibility, biological and mechanical properties (compressive strength: 4.2 MPa; storage modulus: 104 kPa; adhesive strength: 56 kPa), which could facilitate the stem cell viability, proliferation, migration and differentiation into osteocytes. In addition, the integration between the SGgel network and ABG moieties within a nano-scale level enabled the hybrid hydrogel to form adhesion to tissue, maintain the durable osteogenesis and accelerate bone regeneration. Therefore, a robust approach to the simultaneously satisfying tough adhesion onto the tissue defects and high efficiency for bone regeneration on a mouse skull was achieved, which may represent a promising strategy to design therapeutic scaffolds for tissue engineering in clinical applications.

11.
Brain Sci ; 12(11)2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421876

RESUMO

In the post-COVID-19 era, significant changes have taken place regarding the epidemic, the economy, family and social life. However, it remains unclear how these changes encompass the psychological symptoms of college students. We carried out a cross-sectional study to investigate anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among college students from 10 November 2020, to 16 November 2020. The questionnaire included a self-designed canvas, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Impact of Event Scale (IES-R). Factors associated with psychological symptoms were estimated by ordered and non-conditional logistic regression analysis. Of 4754 participants, 25.0%, 29.7%, 3.4%, 15.3%, 17.1%, and 2.9% reported anxiety, depression, PTSD symptoms, one, any two, and all three, respectively. In cases with anxiety or depression symptoms, there was a 9.11% comorbidity with PTSD. Factors associated with fears of being infected, social, family, and economic changes increased the risk of psychological symptoms in college students caused by COVID-19. Female college students, identified with anxiety or depression symptoms, were at a lower risk of developing PTSD symptoms (OR, 0.61, 95% CI: 0.43-0.86). Non-medical majors at university, rural residence, higher educational background, fear of taking public transport, and deterioration of family relationships increased the risk for PTSD symptoms among male respondents with anxiety or depression symptoms due to COVID-19. Factors correlated with psychological symptoms had expanded from the fear of being infected to extensive social, family, and economic changes caused by COVID-19. Therefore, screening and interventions for psychological symptoms should be consistently strengthened and more targeted to college students in the post-COVID-19 era.

12.
J Intern Med ; 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that animal protein foods may increase the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We therefore examined the NAFLD risk reduction related to substituting plant protein foods for animal protein foods. METHODS: The cohort in North China included 14,541 participants from the Tianjin Chronic Low-Grade Systemic Inflammation and Health (TCLSIH) study, and the cohort in South China included 1297 participants from the Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (GNHS). Dietary intake was assessed using validated food frequency questionnaires. NAFLD was ascertained by abdominal ultrasound. The Cox model was used to fit the substitution analysis. RESULTS: In the TCLSIH cohort, when replacing one type of animal protein food (eggs, processed meat, unprocessed red meat, poultry, and fish) with an equivalent serving of plant protein foods (nuts, legumes, and whole grains), the replacement of animal protein foods with whole grains showed the strongest benefit; substituting one serving per day of whole grains for an equal amount of eggs (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.79, 1.00), processed meat (HR = 0.76; 95% CI: 0.64, 0.91), unprocessed red meat (HR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.81, 1.00), poultry (HR = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.92), or fish (HR = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.97) was associated with a lower risk of NAFLD. In both the TCLSIH and GNHS cohorts, replacing poultry with fish, nuts, legumes, or whole grains was associated with a lower risk of NAFLD. When different numbers of protein foods were simultaneously replaced, the risk reduction of NAFLD was stronger. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that replacing animal protein foods with plant protein foods is related to a significant reduction in NAFLD risk.

13.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(10): 3491-3505, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388050

RESUMO

Background: Recent studies have highlighted the critical role of lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 3 (LPCAT3) during cancer development. However, the abnormal expression and prognostic significance of pan-cancer have not been determined. Methods: We explored the expression level and prognostic value of LPCAT3 in 33 cancers by bioinformatics techniques, and comprehensively studied the biological function and immune infiltration based on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases as well as many online websites. Results: LPCAT3 is significantly upregulated in many cancers, and it is associated with prognosis. Pan-cancer Cox regression analysis indicated that the high expression of LPCAT3 was associated with poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), lower-grade glioma (LGG), ovarian cancer (OV), and uveal melanoma (UVM), while better prognosis in kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) (all P<0.05). Further analysis indicated that higher LPCAT3 expression in most cancers markedly decreased the infiltration of immune cells, except diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBC), AML, LGG, stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), and UVM. In contrast, the expression level of LPCAT3 was positively correlated with most immune checkpoints in colon adenocarcinoma (COAD), DLBC, LGG, liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC), and UVM. Additionally, LPCAT3 expression was associated with tumor mutational burden (TMB) in 4 cancer types, while microsatellite instability (MSI) was in 3 cancer types. Functional enrichment analysis showed LPCAT3 upregulation was highly associated with lipid metabolism and ferroptosis processes. In addition, the result of prediction drug response suggested that B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) inhibitors and Midostaurin may be a potential treatment option for AML with low-LPCAT3 expression. Conclusions: LPCAT3 expression is increased in multiple cancers. Overexpression of LPCAT3 is associated with poor prognosis and tumor immune microenvironment in many cancers, especially in AML. Our results showed that the oncogene of LPCAT3 may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker and/or therapeutic target in AML patients.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1022696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420037

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are symbionts of most terrestrial plants and enhance their adaptability in metal-contaminated soils. In this study, mycorrhized and non-mycorrhized Eucalyptus grandis were grown under different Zn treatments. After 6 weeks of treatment, the growing status and ionome content of plants as well as the expression patterns of metal tolerance proteins and auxin biosynthesis-related genes were measured. In this study, mycorrhized E. grandis showed higher biomass and height at a high level of Zn compared with non-mycorrhized plants. In addition, AM plants accumulated P, Mg, and Mn in roots and P, Fe, and Cu in shoots, which indicate that AM fungi facilitate the uptake of ionome nutrients to promote plant growth. In addition, mycorrhiza upregulated the expression of EgMTP1 and EgMTP7, whose encoding proteins were predicted to be located at the vacuolar membrane. Meanwhile, Golgi membrane transporter EgMTP5 was also induced in AM shoot. Our results suggest that AM likely mitigates Zn toxicity through sequestrating excess Zn into vacuolar and Golgi. Furthermore, the expression of auxin biosynthesis-related genes was facilitated by AM, and this is probably another approach for Zn tolerance.

15.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 948230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420442

RESUMO

Investigations of pulsatile tinnitus (PT) caused by sigmoid sinus wall anomalies (SSWAs) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) have recently increased in prevalence. However, accurate modeling of anatomical structures regarding sigmoid plate dehiscence and acoustic sources of PT remains lacking. This study incorporates coupled CFD techniques, micro-computed tomography, and scanning electron microscope to reveal the vibroacoustic and hydroacoustic sources and displacement characteristics of the transverse-sigmoid sinus system. Furthermore, the in vivo transcanal-recording technique combined with ipsilateral internal jugular vein compression was implemented to cross-reference the captured acoustic profile of PT with the calculated results. In this study, the transient state coupled CFD technique was used to calculate the vibroacoustic and hydroacoustic sources. The dehiscent sigmoid plate and periosteal dura mater were then reconstructed. The displacement characteristics and acoustic results were analyzed. The displacement of the vascular wall underneath the dehiscent area was 9.6 times larger than that of the sigmoid plate and 3,617 times smaller than that of the vascular wall without the overlying osseous structures. The peak amplitude of flow-induced vibroacoustic noise was 119.3 dB at 20.2 Hz measured at the transverse sinus. Within the observed 20-1,000 Hz frequency range, the largest peak amplitude of hydroacoustic noise was 80.0 dB at 20.2 Hz located at the jugular bulb region. The simulated results conformed with the in vivo acoustic profile which the major frequency of PT falls within 1,000 Hz. In conclusion, 1) the sigmoid plate and dura mater greatly impact vascular wall displacement, which should not be overlooked in CFD simulations. 2) By incorporating the transcanal recording technique with IJV compression test, the primary frequency of PT was found fluctuating below 1,000 Hz, which matches the frequency component simulated by the current CFD technique; amplitude-wise, however, the peak amplitude of in vivo pulse-synchronous somatosound measures approximately 10 dB, which is comparatively lesser than the CFD results and the subjectively perceived loudness of PT. Thus, the transmission pathway, intramastoid acoustic impedance/amplification effect, and the perceptive threshold of PT require further investigations to minimize the incidence of surgical failure.

16.
J Vis ; 22(12): 18, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413358

RESUMO

When moving in the environment, optic flow and form (e.g., motion streaks) information generally appear simultaneously. Previous studies have shown that observers can estimate their heading by integrating the simultaneously presented form and optic flow information. Recent work also found that the previously seen optic flow affected the current heading estimation. The current study conducted two experiments to explore whether and how the heading estimation from optic flow was affected by the previously seen form information. We found that the current heading estimates from optic flow were biased toward the location of the focus of expansion of the previously seen form stimulus, showing an attractive effect of the previous form. Additionally, the results revealed that the attractive effect of the previous form occurred at the perceptual stage rather than postperceptual stages (e.g., working memory). Our findings suggest that our visual system can integrate dynamic optic flow and static form information across the temporal domain to estimate our heading direction.


Assuntos
Percepção de Movimento , Fluxo Óptico , Humanos , Movimento (Física)
17.
Food Sci Anim Resour ; 42(6): 1046-1060, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415578

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of the metabolites of Latilactobacillus curvatus BYB3 and indole-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) to increase the tight junction (TJ) proteins in an in vitro model of intestinal inflammation. In a Western blot assay, the metabolites of L. curvatus BYB3 reduced the TJ demage in lipoploysaccharide (LPS) stimulated-Caco-2 cells. This reduction was a result of upregulating the expression of TJ-associated proteins and suppressing the nuclear factor-κB signaling. Immunofluorescence images consistently revealed that LPS disrupted and reduced the expression of TJ proteins, while the metabolites of L. curvatus BYB3 and indole reversed these alterations. The protective effects of L. curvatus BYB3 were observed on the intestinal barrier function when measuring transepithelial electrical resistance. Using high-performance liquid chromatography analysis the metabolites, the indole-3-latic acid and indole-3-acetamide concentrations were found to be 1.73±0.27 mg/L and 0.51±0.39 mg/L, respectively. These findings indicate that the metabolites of L. curvatus BYB3 have increasing mRNA expressions of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and AhR, and may thus be applicable for therapy of various inflammatory gut diseases as postbiotics.

18.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-12, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413628

RESUMO

The rapid development of 5G network technology has gained much popularity as well as concerns about its adverse effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of 4.9 GHz (one of working frequencies of 5G communication) radiofrequency (RF) field on emotional behaviours and spatial memory in adult male mice. Open field test (OFT), tail suspension test (TST) and Y maze were used to evaluate anxiety, depression-like behaviour and spatial memory ability, respectively. It was found that the anxiety-like behaviour and spatial memory ability of mice did not change, but the depression-like behaviour was induced in mice after 4.9 GHz RF exposure. In addition, the number of neurons significantly reduced and the level of pyroptosis obviously increased in amygdala rather than hippocampus. These results suggested that 4.9 GHz RF exposure could induce depression-like behaviour, which might be associated with the neuronal pyroptosis in amygdala.

19.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To predict postoperative death even after successful hemostasis in patients with post pancreatoduodenectomy pancreatic fistula-associated hemorrhage (PPFH). METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) between September 2011 and August 2020 were identified. PPFH patients were enrolled in this retrospective case-control study and divided into the Cured and Death groups. Perioperative variables were analyzed, especially the characteristics of PPFH and CT image findings. RESULTS: Among the 2732 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies, 63 patients (2.3%) were confirmed to have PPFH. The mortality rate of patients following PPFH was 50.8% (32/63). After univariate and multivariate analysis, organ failure 24 h before initial hemorrhage (P = 0.039, OR = 11.53, 95% CI: 1.14-117.00), CT imaging findings of the operative area bubble sign (P = 0.021, OR = 5.15, 95% CI: 1.28-20.79) and PJ dehiscence (P = 0.016, OR = 8.95, 95% CI: 1.50-53.38) were remained as significant predictive factors of postoperative death for PPFH patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients following PPFH showed a high mortality rate. Organ failure and CT evidence of pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) dehiscence and operative area bubble signs before initial hemorrhage may allow early prediction of postoperative death in PPFH patients.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343839

RESUMO

A novel binary solvent system consisting of alcohols (e.g., methanol, ethanol, isopropanol) and dichloromethane was developed as an efficient dissolution system for dissolving various types of lignin. It was found that in this dissolution system, adjusting the volume ratio of alcohol and dichloromethane will significantly affect the solubility of lignin. At the same time, this study proposed that the reason why the solvent can dissolve lignin was the hydrophobic skeleton and hydrophilic groups can be solvated by dichloromethane and alcohols respectively, which significantly promoted the dissolution of lignin. Furthermore, the solvent did not significantly alter the structure of the lignin. The proposed novel solvent is simple, efficient, versatile and flexible, can adapt to the high diversity of lignin, and has broad application prospects.

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