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1.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810528

RESUMO

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is important for maintaining cell phenotype and promoting cell proliferation and differentiation. In order to better solve the problem of skin appendage regeneration, a combination of mechanical/enzymatic digestion methods was used to self-extract dermal papilla cells (DPCs), which were seeded on silk fibroin/sodium alginate scaffolds as seed cells to evaluate the possibility of skin regeneration/regeneration of accessory organs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) graphs showed that the interconnected pores inside the scaffold had a pore diameter in the range of 153-311 µm and a porosity of 41-82%. Immunofluorescence (IF) staining and cell morphological staining proved that the extracted cells were DPCs. The results of a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Calcein-AM/PI live-dead cell staining showed that the DPCs grew well in the composite scaffold extract. Normal cell morphology and characteristics of aggregation growth were maintained during the 3-day culture, which showed that the silk fibroin/sodium alginate (SF/SA) composite scaffold had good cell-compatibility. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining of tissue sections further proved that the cells adhered closely and aggregated to the pore wall of the scaffold, and retained the ability to induce differentiation of hair follicles. All these results indicate that, compared with a pure scaffold, the composite scaffold promotes the adhesion and growth of DPCs. We transplanted the SF/SA scaffolds into the back wounds of SD rats, and evaluated the damage model constructed in vivo. The results showed that the scaffold inoculated with DPCs could accelerate the repair of the skin and promote the regeneration of the hair follicle structure.

2.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(2): 284-292, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) and Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis) on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme activities in rats. METHODS: A cocktail strategy was followed to evaluate the influence of Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) and Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis) on the activities of CYP450 isoforms (CYP1A2, CYP3A4, CYP2E1, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP2D6), which were determined by changes in the pharmacokinetic parameters of six probe drugs, theophylline, dapsone, chlorzoxazone, omeprazole, tolbutamide and dextromethorphan. Study groups included, Control group (CG), Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) group (TM), Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis) group (GT) and Tianma Gouteng (Gastrodia Uncaria) group (TMGT). RESULTS: No significant differences between Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) and control groups were found. Compared with the control group, in the Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis) group both the AUC and t1/2 of dapsone and tolbutamide were reduced, whereas the CL (clearance rate) of dapsone and tolbutamide were increased. Compared with the control group, in the Tianma Gouteng group, the AUC and t1/2 of dapsone and tolbutamide were reduced, the CL of dapsone and tolbutamide were increased, and the AUC and t1/2 of chlorzoxazone were increased and the CL of chlorzoxazone was reduced. CONCLUSION: Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) has no significant effect on the six CYP450 subtypes. The activities of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 were increased by Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis). The activities of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 were increased, whereas the activity of CYP32E1 was reduced by combined Tianma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae) and Gouteng (Ramulus Uncariae Rhynchophyllae cum Uncis).

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(10): 5864-5869, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687394

RESUMO

The aerobic α-hydroxylation of 2-Me-1-tetralone was investigated in imidazol-based ionic liquids (ILs), where reactions in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborates were found to generate considerable products. By correlating the conversion at 2 h with viscosity, relative permittivity and the ET(30) value of ILs, we found that the local polarity in ILs represented by the ET(30) value or the chemical shift of α-proton at the substrate was the critical factor influencing the reaction rate. Furthermore, two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (2D NOESY) was used to characterize the distribution of 2-Me-1-tetralone in ILs. As a result, the mesoscopic structures in ILs were recommended to have crucial influences on the distribution of the substrate in ILs, and the caused local polarity could affect the activation of 2-Me-1-tetralone. These findings revealed the solvent effects of ILs with different structures on the α-hydroxylation of 2-Me-1-tetralone, and may encourage the explorations of more types of aerobic oxidations in ILs.

4.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782841

RESUMO

In recent years, with the increasing public health awareness, low-calorie rare sugars have received more attention on a global scale. D-Allulose, the C-3 epimer of D-fructose, is a representative rare sugar. It displays high sweetness and excellent physiological functions, but only provides a caloric value of 0.4 kcal/g. D-Allulose 3-epimerase (DAEase) is indispensable in D-allulose production. In this study, a putative DAEase from Thermoclostridium caenicola was identified and characterized. The novel T. caenicola DAEase displayed maximum activity at pH 7.5 and 65 °C in the presence of 1 mM Co2+. The half-life (t1/2) at 50 °C was 13.6 h, and the melting temperature (Tm) was 62.4 °C. It was strictly metal-dependent, and the addition of Co2+ remarkably enhanced its thermostability, with a 5.4-fold increase in t1/2 value at 55 °C and 4.8 °C increase in Tm. Furthermore, DAEase displayed high relative activity (89.0%) at a weakly acidic pH 6.5 and produced 139.8 g/L D-allulose from 500 g/L D-fructose, achieving a conversion ratio of 28.0%. These findings suggest that T. caenicola DAEase is a promising biocatalyst for the production of D-allulose.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(14)2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785593

RESUMO

During vertebrate embryogenesis, fetal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) exhibit expansion and differentiation properties in a supportive hematopoietic niche. To profile the developmental landscape of fetal HSPCs and their local niche, here, using single-cell RNA-sequencing, we deciphered a dynamic atlas covering 28,777 cells and 9 major cell types (23 clusters) of zebrafish caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT). We characterized four heterogeneous HSPCs with distinct lineage priming and metabolic gene signatures. Furthermore, we investigated the regulatory mechanism of CHT niche components for HSPC development, with a focus on the transcription factors and ligand-receptor networks involved in HSPC expansion. Importantly, we identified an endothelial cell-specific G protein-coupled receptor 182, followed by in vivo and in vitro functional validation of its evolutionally conserved role in supporting HSPC expansion in zebrafish and mice. Finally, comparison between zebrafish CHT and human fetal liver highlighted the conservation and divergence across evolution. These findings enhance our understanding of the regulatory mechanism underlying hematopoietic niche for HSPC expansion in vivo and provide insights into improving protocols for HSPC expansion in vitro.

6.
EBioMedicine ; 66: 103288, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The antifungal drug itraconazole exerts in vitro activity against SARS-CoV-2 in Vero and human Caco-2 cells. Preclinical and clinical studies are required to investigate if itraconazole is effective for the treatment and/or prevention of COVID-19. METHODS: Due to the initial absence of preclinical models, the effect of itraconazole was explored in a clinical, proof-of-concept, open-label, single-center study, in which hospitalized COVID-19 patients were randomly assigned to standard of care with or without itraconazole. Primary outcome was the cumulative score of the clinical status until day 15 based on the 7-point ordinal scale of the World Health Organization. In parallel, itraconazole was evaluated in a newly established hamster model of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission, as soon as the model was validated. FINDINGS: In the hamster acute infection model, itraconazole did not reduce viral load in lungs, stools or ileum, despite adequate plasma and lung drug concentrations. In the transmission model, itraconazole failed to prevent viral transmission. The clinical trial was prematurely discontinued after evaluation of the preclinical studies and because an interim analysis showed no signal for a more favorable outcome with itraconazole: mean cumulative score of the clinical status 49 vs 47, ratio of geometric means 1.01 (95% CI 0.85 to 1.19) for itraconazole vs standard of care. INTERPRETATION: Despite in vitro activity, itraconazole was not effective in a preclinical COVID-19 hamster model. This prompted the premature termination of the proof-of-concept clinical study. FUNDING: KU Leuven, Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), Horizon 2020, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

7.
J Arthroplasty ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common comorbidities in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis. However, the evidence remains unclear on how it affects patient-reported outcome measures after TKA. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data of 2840 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA between 2008 and 2018, of which 716 (25.2%) had diabetes. All patients had their HbA1c measured within 1 month before surgery, and only well-controlled diabetics (HbA1c <8.0%) were allowed to proceed with surgery. Patient demographics and comorbidities were recorded, and multiple regression was performed to evaluate the impact of diabetes on improvements in patient-reported outcome measures (Short Form 36 (SF-36), Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Knee Society Score (KSS)) and knee range of motion (ROM). RESULTS: Compared with nondiabetics, patients with diabetes were more likely to possess a higher body mass index (P-value <.001), more comorbidities (P-value <.001), and poorer preoperative SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) (P-value <.001), WOMAC (P-value = .002), KSS-function (P-value <.001), and knee ROM (P-value <.001). Multiple regression showed that diabetic patients experienced marginally poorer improvements in KSS-knee (-1.22 points, P-value = .025) and knee ROM (-1.67°, P-value = .013) than nondiabetics. However, there were no significant differences in improvements for SF-36 PCS (P-value = .163), Mental Component Summary (P-value = .954), WOMAC (P-value = .815), and KSS-function (P-value = .866). CONCLUSION: Patients with well-controlled diabetes (HbA1c <8.0%) can expect similar improvements in general health and osteoarthritis outcomes (SF-36 PCS and Mental Component Summary, WOMAC, and KSS-function) compared with nondiabetics after TKA. Despite having marginally poorer improvements in knee-specific outcomes (KSS-knee and knee ROM), these differences are unlikely to be clinically significant.

8.
Chemosphere ; 277: 130327, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784555

RESUMO

Coagulation is a common method used to remove suspended particulate matter (SPM) from the water supply. SPM has preferable adsorption ability for antibiotics in water; therefore, SPM adsorption and coagulation may be a possible way to remove tetracycline (TC) from water. This study carried out coagulation experiments combining SPM collected from a natural lake at a location with three common coagulants-polyaluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chloride, and polyferric sulfate-under different pH values, exploring the adsorption of TC by SPM, coagulation of SPM with TC, and the primary influencing factors of this process. The maximum removal rate of TC can reach 97.87% with an SPM concentration of 1000 mg/L. Multi-factor analysis of variance showed the importance of various TC removal factors, which were ranked as follows: SPM concentration â‰« initial TC concentration > type of coagulant > pH values. The higher the SPM concentration, the better the TC removal (p < 0.001). Fourier infrared spectroscopy results demonstrated the strong adsorption effect of SPM on TC after being combined with a coagulant, and scanning electron microscopy also indicated that SPM becomes effective nuclei in the coagulation process, which is a possible reason for better TC removal. However, the effluent turbidities under 1000 mg/L SPM concentrations were high without coagulant aid. With the addition of coagulant aid anion polyacrylamide, the TC removal remained unchanged, effluent turbidity significantly reduced, and the TC desorption became low. These results indicate that applying SPM from natural lakes in the coagulation process could potentially remove TC in water.

9.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764571

RESUMO

Several species of soil free-living saprotrophs can sometimes establish biotrophic symbiosis with plants, but the basic biology of this association remains largely unknown. Here, we investigate the symbiotic interaction between a common soil saprotroph, Clitopilus hobsonii (Agaricomycetes), and the American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua). The colonized root cortical cells were found to contain numerous microsclerotia-like structures. Fungal colonization led to increased plant growth and facilitated potassium uptake, particularly under potassium limitation (0.05 mM K+ ). The expression of plant genes related to potassium uptake was not altered by the symbiosis, but colonized roots contained the transcripts of three fungal genes with homology to K+ transporters (ACU and HAK) and channel (SKC). Heterologously expressed ChACU and ChSKC restored growth of a yeast K+ -uptake-defective mutant. Upregulation of ChACU transcript under low K+ conditions (0 and 0.05 mM K+ ) compared to control (5 mM K+ ) was demonstrated in planta and in vitro. Colonized plants displayed a larger accumulation of soluble sugars under 0.05 mM K+ than non-colonized plants. The present study suggests reciprocal benefits of this novel tree-fungus symbiosis under potassium limitation mainly through an exchange of additional carbon and potassium between both partners. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
J Virol ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731452

RESUMO

H9N2 Avian influenza virus (AIV) is regarded as a principal donor of viral genes through reassortment to co-circulating influenza viruses that can result in zoonotic reassortants. Whether H9N2 virus can maintain sustained evolutionary impact on such reassortants is unclear. Since 2013, avian H7N9 virus had caused five sequential human epidemics in China; the fifth wave in 2016-2017 was by far the largest but the mechanistic explanation behind the scale of infection is not clear. Here, we found that, just prior to the fifth H7N9 virus epidemic, H9N2 viruses had phylogenetically mutated into new sub-clades, changed antigenicity and increased its prevalence in chickens vaccinated with existing H9N2 vaccines. In turn, the new H9N2 virus sub-clades of PB2 and PA genes, housing mammalian adaptive mutations, were reassorted into co-circulating H7N9 virus to create a novel dominant H7N9 virus genotype that was responsible for the fifth H7N9 virus epidemic. H9N2-derived PB2 and PA genes in H7N9 virus conferred enhanced polymerase activity in human cells at 33°C and 37°C, and increased viral replication in the upper and lower respiratory tracts of infected mice which could account for the sharp increase in human cases of H7N9 virus infection in the 2016-2017 epidemic. The role of H9N2 virus in the continual mutation of H7N9 virus highlights the public health significance of H9N2 virus in the generation of variant reassortants of increasing zoonotic potential.IMPORTANCEAvian H9N2 influenza virus, although primarily restricted to chicken populations, is a major threat to human public health by acting as a donor of variant viral genes through reassortment to co-circulating influenza viruses. We established that the high prevalence of evolving H9N2 virus in vaccinated flocks played a key role, as donor of new sub-clade PB2 and PA genes in the generation of a dominant H7N9 virus genotype (G72) with enhanced infectivity in humans during the 2016-2017 N7N9 virus epidemic. Our findings emphasize that the ongoing evolution of prevalent H9N2 virus in chickens is an important source, via reassortment, of mammalian adaptive genes for other influenza virus subtypes. Thus, close monitoring of prevalence and variants of H9N2 virus in chicken flocks is necessary in the detection of zoonotic mutations.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 630427, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659010

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke is a prevalent respiratory toxicant that remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Cigarette smoke induces inflammation in the lungs and airways that contributes to the development of diseases such as lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Due to the presence of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands in cigarette smoke, activation of the AhR has been implicated in driving this inflammatory response. However, we have previously shown that the AhR suppresses cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary inflammation, but the mechanism by which the AhR achieves its anti-inflammatory function is unknown. In this study, we use the AhR antagonist CH-223191 to inhibit AhR activity in mice. After an acute (3-day) cigarette smoke exposure, AhR inhibition was associated with significantly enhanced neutrophilia in the airways in response to cigarette smoke, mimicking the phenotype of AhR-deficient mice. We then used genetically-modified mouse strains which express an AhR that can bind ligand but either cannot translocate to the nucleus or bind its cognate response element, to show that these features of the AhR pathway are not required for the AhR to suppress pulmonary neutrophilia. Finally, using the non-toxic endogenous AhR ligand FICZ, we provide proof-of-concept that activation of pulmonary AhR attenuates smoke-induced inflammation. Collectively, these results support the importance of AhR activity in mediating its anti-inflammatory function in response to cigarette smoke. Further investigation of the precise mechanisms by which the AhR exerts is protective functions may lead to the development of therapeutic agents to treat people with chronic lung diseases that have an inflammatory etiology, but for which few therapeutic options exist.

12.
Sci Prog ; 104(1): 36850421997276, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661044

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common histological type of lung cancer, comprising around 40% of all lung cancer. Until now, the pathogenesis of LUAD has not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we comprehensively analyzed the dysregulated genes in lung adenocarcinoma by mining public datasets. Two sets of gene expression datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The dysregulated genes were identified by using the GEO2R online tool, and analyzed by R packages, Cytoscape software, STRING, and GPEIA online tools. A total of 275 common dysregulated genes were identified in two independent datasets, including 54 common up-regulated and 221 common down-regulated genes in LUAD. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that these dysregulated genes were significantly enriched in 258 biological processes (BPs), 27 cellular components (CCs), and 21 molecular functions (MFs). Furthermore, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that PECAM1, ENG, KLF4, CDH5, and VWF were key genes. Survival analysis indicated that the low expression of ENG was associated with poor overall survival (OS) of LUAD patients. The low expression of PECAM1 was associated with poor OS and recurrence-free survival of LUAD patients. The cox regression model developed based on age, tumor stage, ENG, PECAM1 could effectively predict 5-year survival of LUAD patients. This study revealed some key genes, BPs, CCs, and MFs involved in LUAD, which would provide new insights into understanding the pathogenesis of LUAD. In addition, ENG and PECAM1 might serve as promising prognostic markers in LUAD.

13.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666687

RESUMO

A novel Actinobacterium strain YIM 131861 T, was isolated from lichen collected from the South Bank Forest of the Baltic Sea, Germany. It was Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, catalase positive and oxidase negative, yellow pigmented. Cells were motile with a polar flagellum, irregular rod shaped and did not display spore formation. The strain grew at 15 - 30 °C (optimum 25 °C), at pH 6.0 - 10.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0 - 1.5% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YIM 131861 T belonged to the genus Glaciibacter, and exhibited a high sequence similarity (96.4%) with Glaciibacter superstes NBRC 104264 T. The genomic DNA G + C content of strain YIM 131861 T was 68.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain YIM 131861 T and Glaciibacter superstes NBRC 104264 T were 73.2 and 19.9% based on the draft genome sequence. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was B2γ and contained the 2, 4-diaminobutyric acid as the diagnostic amino acid. Whole cell sugars were galactose, rhamnose, ribose and glucose. It contained MK-12 and MK-13 as the predominant menaquinones. The major cellular fatty acids (> 10%) were identified as anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unknown glycolipids. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain YIM 131861 T should belong to the genus Glaciibacter and represents a novel species of the genus Glaciibacter, for which the name Glaciibacter flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 131861 T (= CGMCC 1.16588 T = NBRC 113572 T).

14.
Surg Today ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693964

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a high body mass index (BMI) on the outcomes of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1729 patients with stage I to III gastric cancer who received open radical gastrectomy from February 2003 to August 2011. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to their BMI: a low BMI group (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2), normal BMI group (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2), and high BMI group (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2). RESULTS: A total of 871 patients were included in the final analysis, of which the median BMI was 22.7 kg/m2 (range 13.6-44.9 kg/m2). A high BMI increased the risk of postoperative intestinal fistula but not the risk of a reduced number of examined lymph nodes or hospital death. Furthermore, a high BMI did not negatively affect the overall survival (OS) of gastric cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: A high BMI increased the operative morbidity after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. However, a high BMI did not negatively affect the quality of lymphadenectomy or the OS of gastric cancer patients in experienced high-volume centers. A careful approach during operation and meticulous perioperative management are required for gastric cancer patients with a high BMI.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670155

RESUMO

Although China is experiencing a transition from a relation-based society to a rule-based society, relationships among acquaintances still play an important role in resource allocation, such as the allocation of policy resources. This is particularly true in rural China, where targeted poverty alleviation is prevalent and a relation-based social structure still dominates. However, it is still unknown how relationships affect the livelihood strategy of households in rural China and how poverty alleviation policies plays a role between them. Therefore, this paper embeds poverty alleviation into the relation-based society and explores how households respond to the policy in this specific context. Using grounded theory research method and the sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) framework, this paper contains in-depth interviews and field observations from three poverty-stricken villages in Northeast China. The results show that relationships have a significant impact on the households' livelihood strategy. In other words, the households' livelihood strategy is embedded in the relation-based society. The types of relationships induce households to choose maintained or developmental type livelihood strategies, while relationships influence how the poverty alleviation policies affect the livelihood strategy. This study is not only an extension of the SLA in the research context, but also provides a significant perspective for enriching the long-term mechanism of targeted poverty alleviation by building a theoretical model of the relationships between a relation-based society, targeted poverty alleviation and the livelihood strategies of households.

16.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; : 1-11, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678104

RESUMO

Background: Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is successfully applied to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Arsenic species levels in blood are critical to reveal metabolic mechanism and relationship between arsenic species and clinical response. Characteristics and influence factors of arsenic species in APL patients have not been studied.Methods: 305 plasma samples from APL patients treated with ATO were analyzed using HPLC-HG-AFS. Trough concentration (Ctrough), distribution, methylation levels of arsenic species were evaluated. The influence factors on arsenic species levels of plasma and association between arsenic concentrations and clinical efficacy were explored.Results: Ctrough of arsenic in effective treatment groups provide basis for defining the target range of arsenic plasma concentrations in APL patients treated with ATO. Distribution trends: DMAV > AsIII, MMAV> AsV (p < 0.0001) for continuous slow-rate (CS) infusion and DMAV > MMAV > AsIII > AsV (p < 0.0001) for conventional infusion. Infusion methods and combined medication may affect arsenic metabolism. There was a weak correlation between ATO dose and plasma Ctrough of arsenic species. Ctrough of plasma arsenic species had predictive value for treatment efficacy.Conclusion: Arsenic concentration monitoring in APL patients treated with ATO is required. These findings are critical to optimize treatment outcomes of ATO therapy.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682404

RESUMO

Developing high-performance dielectric absorbers, low filler loading, and a broad absorption band remains a great challenge for wireless data communication systems, household appliances, local area network, and so on. Herein, we report a facile green method to design and fabricate a copper-coated tin/reduced graphene oxide (Cu@Sn/rGO) composites with a heterojunction obtained by modifying a Schottky junction. The unique heterojunction can enable an appropriate balance between impedance and strong loss capacity. Meanwhile, it can not only promote the carrier migration but also obtain the rich interfaces. Consequently, a Cu@Sn/rGO composite with a heterojunction exhibits superior absorption intensity, far surpassing that of other absorbing materials reported. With a weight content of only 5 wt %, the maximum absorptivity reaches -49.19 dB at 6.08 GHz, and an effective absorption bandwidth (RL < -10 dB) of 13.94 GHz is achieved when the absorber's thickness ranges from 1.7 to 5.5 mm. This study provides new insights into the design and synthesis of a novel microwave absorption material with lightweight, smaller filler loading, and strong reflection loss.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 780: 146399, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770593

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) make up a large group of persistent anthropogenic chemicals which are difficult to degrade and/or destroy. PFAS are an emerging class of contaminants, but little is known about the long-term health effects related to exposure. In addition, technologies to identify levels of contamination in the environment and to remediate contaminated sites are currently inadequate. In this opinion-type discussion paper, a team of researchers from the University of Connecticut and the University at Albany discuss the scientific challenges in their specific but intertwined PFAS research areas, including rapid and low-cost detection, energy-saving remediation, the role of T helper cells in immunotoxicity, and the biochemical and molecular effects of PFAS among community residents with measurable PFAS concentrations. Potential research directions that may be employed to address those challenges and improve the understanding of sensing, remediation, exposure to, and health effects of PFAS are then presented. We hope our account of emerging problems related to PFAS contamination will encourage a broad range of scientific experts to bring these research initiatives addressing PFAS into play on a national scale.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784067

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) are considered as a promising energy storage system due to their low cost and high safety merits. However, they suffer from the challenge of uncontrollable dendrite growth due to a non-uniform zinc deposition, which increases internal resistance and causes battery failure. Herein, Ag coating fabricated by a facile surface chemistry route on zinc metal was developed to guide uniform zinc deposition. Ag-coated Zn shows improved electrolyte wettability, a small zinc deposition overpotential, and fast kinetics for zinc deposition/dissolution. Direct optical visualization and scanning electron microscopy images show uniform zinc deposition due to the introduction of Ag coating. As a result, the Ag-coated Zn anode can sustain up to 1450 h of repeated plating/stripping with a low overpotential in symmetric cells at a current density of 0.2 mA cm-2, while an improved performance is realized for full cells paired with a V2O5-based cathode. This work provides a facile and effective approach to improve the electrochemical performance of ZIBs.

20.
J Int Med Res ; 49(3): 3000605211001710, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788657

RESUMO

Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumor that mainly occurs in the kidneys. Simultaneous involvement of the kidney and local regional lymph nodes is very rare and might be misdiagnosed as a metastasizing malignant cancer. In the present study, a 50-year-old woman was referred to our hospital after a routine health screening ultrasound. Sporadic multiple renal AML with lymph node involvement was suspected based on the clinical manifestations and radiologic features. Partial nephrectomy was performed and a para-inferior vena cava lymph node was removed. The pathologic results confirmed multiple AML with lymph node invasion. We also reviewed the English-language literature regarding renal AML with lymph node involvement. We found that middle-aged women were likely to develop this disease and that loin pain was the main presenting feature. Most patients had no history of tuberous sclerosis complex. Radical nephrectomy was the predominant treatment. No local recurrence or distant metastasis occurred in any patients after radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy. In conclusion, renal AML with lymph node involvement is rare but can occur in both patients with tuberous sclerosis complex and those with multiple sporadic AML. Partial nephrectomy should be the first-line treatment, after which further treatment is not necessary.

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