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1.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 905-912, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036504

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the surgical efficacy and cosmetic satisfaction of the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOETVA), endoscopic thyroidectomy via bilateral areola approach (BAA), and open thyroidectomy (OT) in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in stage T1b. Methods: A total of 178 patients with PTC in stages pT1bN0M0 and pT1bN1aM0 treated from January 2017 to December 2018 were divided into TOETVA group (n=59), BAA group (n=43), and OT group (n=76). The baseline characteristics, relevant indexes of surgical efficacy and follow-up data were compared between the three groups, and also the surgical efficacy indexes were compared between unilateral lobectomy + central lymph node dissection (unilateral lobectomy subgroup) and bilateral lobectomy + central lymph nodes dissection (total resection subgroup). SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. Results: The mean ages of patients in TOETVA group and BAA group were significantly younger than those in OT group, and the proportion of women in TOETVA group and BAA group was significantly higher than that in OT group, all P<0.05. None of patients in TOETVA and BAA groups were converted to open surgery. Among TOETVA, BAA and OT groups, there were significant differences in the mean operation time [unilateral lobectomy subgroup: (198.0±45.2) min, (162.0±36.9) min and (79.4±28.6) min, P<0.05; total resection subgroup: (230.0±36.0) min, (219.8±68.1) min and (102.8±40.0) min, P<0.05], in total drainage volume [unilateral lobectomy subgroup: (195.0±55.6) ml, (178.1±50.4) ml and (127.0±30.1) ml, P<0.05; total resection subgroup: (221.1±46.7) ml, (245.3±71.2) ml and (137.7±41.6) ml, P<0.05], and the incidence of subcutaneous ecchymosis in TOETVA group or BAA group was higher than that in the OT group [5.1% (3/59), 11.6% (5/43) vs. 0, χ(2)=3.952 and 9.225 respectively, both P<0.05]. The mean level of C-reactive protein in TOETVA group was higher than that in OT group [(16.8±10.7) vs. (9.5±6.9), P<0.05]. Following-up in the third month after surgery between three groups in cosmetic satisfaction scores [(2.7±0.5) vs. (2.6±0.7) vs. (1.7±0.8)], scar self-consciousness scores (0[0,1] vs. 1[0,2] vs. 2[1,2]), and quality of life scores [(9.1±1.1) vs. (8.9±1.1) vs. (7.5±0.8)], cosmetic satisfaction and quality of life in TOETVA and BAA group were better than that in OT group, in terms of scar self-consciousness: TOETVA0.05). The median follow-up time of the three groups was 25 months (TOETVA group), 28 months (BAA group), and 32 months (OT group) respectively, without disease progression. Conclusion: TOETVA and BAA are optional surgical methods for PTC in stages pT1bN0M0 and pT1bN1aM0, with good safety and patient's cosmetic satisfaction.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036543

RESUMO

Occupational exposure to the diacetyl flavoring may cause bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) in workers. The first case of flavoring-related bronchiolitis obliterans was reported in 2002. Since then, similar cases have been identified among workers in various production industries in some countries and regions. At present, there are no cases reported in China. In order to improve the awareness of the disease and promote the prevention work, this article reviews the research progress of case recognition, risk factors, clinical manifestation and possible pathogenesis.

4.
Neuroimage ; : 117438, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039623

RESUMO

Brain development has largely been studied through unimodal analysis of neuroimaging data, providing independent results for structural and functional data. However, structure clearly impacts function and vice versa, pointing to the need for performing multimodal data collection and analysis to improve our understanding of brain development, and to further inform models of typical and atypical brain development across the lifespan. Ultimately, such models should also incorporate genetic and epigenetic mechanisms underlying brain structure and function, although currently this area is poorly specified. To this end, we are reporting here a multi-site, multi-modal dataset that captures cognitive function, brain structure and function, and genetic and epigenetic measures to better quantify the factors that influence brain development in children originally aged 9-14 years. Data collection for the Developmental Chronnecto-Genomics (Dev-CoG) study (http://devcog.mrn.org/) includes cognitive, emotional, and social performance scales, structural and functional MRI, diffusion MRI, magnetoencephalography (MEG), and saliva collection for DNA analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and DNA methylation patterns. Across two sites (The Mind Research Network and the University of Nebraska Medical Center), data from over 200 participants were collected and these children were re-tested annually for at least 3 years. The data collection protocol, sample demographics, and data quality measures for the dataset are presented here. The sample will be made freely available through the collaborative informatics and neuroimaging suite (COINS) database at the conclusion of the study.

5.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 497-501, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047533

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To explore the association of cardiac disease associated genetic variants and the high incidence of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD) in Yi nationality. Methods The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples collected from 205 Yi villagers from YNSUD aggregative villages (inpatient group) and 197 healthy Yi villagers from neighboring villages (control group). Fifty-two single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of 25 cardiac disease associated genes were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The SPSS 17.0 was used to analyze data. The pathogenicities of variants with differences between the two groups that have statistical significance were predicted by protein function prediction software PolyPhen-2 and SIFT. All villagers from inpatient group were given electrocardiogram (ECG) examination using a 12-lead electrocardiograph. Results The allele frequency and the genotype frequency of missense mutation DSG2 (rs2278792, c.2318G>A, p.R773K) of pathogenic genes of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in inpatient group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Abnormal ECG changes were detected in 71 individuals (34.6%) in the inpatient group, among which 54 individuals carried R773K mutation, including clockwise (counterclockwise) rotation, left (right) axis deviation, ST segment and T wave alteration and heart-blocking. Conclusion Definite pathogenic mutations have not been found in the 52 cardiac disease genes associated SNVs detected in Yi nationality in regions with high incidence of YNSUD. The cause of high incidence of YNSUD in Yi nationality needs further study.

6.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 525-530, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047538

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To investigate the epidemiological and forensic characteristics of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after severe trauma and explore the reference indexes for determining traumatic MODS. Methods In terms of the number of organs or systems involved in MODS, the number of failures of each organ or system, the first failing organ and the survival time after organ failure, 72 cases of MODS death caused by traffic accidents were retrospectively analyzed. The cases were divided into two groups according to the mean injury severity score (ISS). The t test was used to analyze the differences in the number of organs or systems involved in MODS in the two groups. Chi-square test was used to analyze the differences in the types of first failing organs and the differences between the two groups in the number of cases of organ or system failure involved in MODS. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze the differences between the two groups in survival time of MODS after trauma. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn and Log-Rank test was performed. Results The number of MODS involved organs or systems after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 3-5, and 2-4 in the ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The cases of MODS organ or system failure after trauma occurred more in brain and lung in the two groups. The first failing organ after trauma was mainly the lung or kidney. The median time of first organ failure after trauma was 2.00 d, the median survival time of MODS after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 6.00 d, and 2.33 d in ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The survival curve of ISS≤35 group was relatively high and declined gradually, while the survival curve of ISS>35 group was relatively low and the decline was steep (P<0.05). Conclusion The epidemiological and forensic characteristics of MODS caused by traffic accidents have certain specificity. The ISS and the forensic characteristics of MODS at ISS>35 can be used as reliable reference indexes for evaluation of the causal relationship among trauma, MODS and death.

7.
Diabet Med ; : e14411, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000477

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the efficacy and safety of endothelin receptor antagonists for people with diabetic kidney disease. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing endothelin receptor antagonists with placebo in people with diabetic kidney disease were identified through PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. We used a random-effect model to calculate the mean difference or risk ratio with the 95% CI. RESULTS: Seven studies with a total of 4730 participants were included. Overall, endothelin receptor antagonists significantly reduced albuminuria compared with placebo (standardized mean difference -0.48, 95% CI -0.64 to -0.33). Atrasentan, in particular, effectively reduced albuminuria (standardized mean difference -0.58, 95% CI -1.00 to -0.17) and the risk of composite renal endpoints (risk ratio 0.65; 95% CI 0.49 to 0.88), with insignificant change in the rate of congestive heart failure (risk ratio 1.40, 95% CI 0.76 to 2.56) and mortality (risk ratio 1.11, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.61). In contrast, although avosentan reduced albuminuria (standardized mean difference -0.47, 95% CI -0.57 to -0.36) and the risk of composite renal endpoints (risk ratio 0.63, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.94), it was associated with a significant increase in congestive heart failure risk (risk ratio 2.61, 95% CI 1.36 to 5.00) and an insignificant increase in mortality risk (risk ratio 1.50, 95% CI 0.81, 2.78). No significant change in efficacy or safety outcomes with bosentan was detected. Dose-response analysis indicated that 0.75 mg/day atrasentan is expected to be optimal for renoprotection, with maximal albuminuria reduction and minimal fluid retention events. CONCLUSIONS: Among the endothelin receptor antagonists, atrasentan and avosentan, but not bosentan, are effective for renoprotection in people with diabetic kidney disease. Compared with other types and doses, atrasentan 0.75 mg/day is the most promising, with maximal albuminuria reduction and minimal fluid retention. Vigilant monitoring of congestive heart failure risk is needed in future clinical practice. (PROSPERO registration no. CRD42020169840).

8.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020903

RESUMO

Young donors are reported to be associated with better transplant outcomes than older donors in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), but the mechanism is still unclear. The current study compared the different subsets of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and their progenitors as well as immune cells in bone marrow (BM) between young and older donors. The frequencies of HSCs, multipotent progenitors (MPPs) and myeloid progenitors, including common myeloid progenitors (CMPs) and megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitors (MEPs), were decreased, whereas those of lymphoid progenitors, including multi-potent lymphoid progenitors (MLPs) and common lymphoid progenitors (CLPs), were increased in the BM of young donors compared with in that of older donors. Lower reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were observed in BM HSCs and six progenitor lines in young donors. Furthermore, young donors demonstrated higher frequencies of naive T cells and immune suppressor cells, such as alternative macrophages (M2) and lower frequencies of memory T cells and immune effectors, including T helper-1 and T cytotoxic-1 cells, in BM than older donors. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that donor age was independently correlated with BM HSC frequency. Although further validation is required, our results suggest that the differences in the frequency and immune differentiation potential of HSCs in BM between young donors and older donors may partly explain the different outcomes of allo-HSCT.

9.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023797

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Biliary cooling during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of liver tumour has been proposed as a protective measure for RFA-related biliary complications in cases whereby the RFA site is close to central biliary tree. This systematic review aims to assess the effect of biliary cooling during RFA on: 1) the development of biliary complications and 2) tumour recurrence rates at ablation site. METHODOLOGY: A systematic literature search was performed using the PubMed/EMBASE databases using PRISMA methodology (2000-2019). The initial search yielded 75 reports which were potentially suitable for inclusion. Studies reporting at least one outcome of interest were considered to be suitable for inclusion. Conference abstracts, case reports and animal studies were excluded. Data was retrieved from each study on patient demographics, tumour characteristics, method of cooling, biliary complications, local tumour recurrence and duration of follow-up. RESULTS: The final number of studies which met the inclusion criteria was 7, involving 100 patients. There were no randomized controlled trials identified after the literature search. The mean age of the patients included was 65 years. Biliary cooling was performed with the use of a nasobiliary tube in 4 out of 7 studies, via a choledochal incision in 2 out of 7 studies and through the cystic duct in a single study. The overall biliary stricture rate was 2% and the overall tumour recurrence rate at RFA treated site was 14.5%. CONCLUSION: Biliary complications appear to be low after biliary cooling during RFA close to central biliary tree. More evidence is required to assess the tumour recurrence rates.

10.
Rhinology ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking regarding the efficacy of macrolides and oral corticosteroids in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Therefore, we examined the benefits of adding clarithromycin to oral pred- nisolone as post-ESS medical therapy in patients with CRSwNP. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, patients were enrolled and allocated to three study groups receiving different post-ESS medical therapies: group A (placebo for 14 weeks), group B (oral prednisolone [15 mg twice daily] for 2 weeks, followed by placebo for 12 weeks), and group C (oral prednisolone [15 mg twice daily] for 2 weeks, followed by clari- thromycin [500 mg daily] for 12 weeks). All enrolled patients received the perioperative care following a routine protocol, which included oral amoxicillin/clavulanate, and intranasal corticosteroid spray. The baseline and post-operative visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Sino-nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores, and Lund-Kennedy endoscopy scores (LKES) were determined as the primary outcomes. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-six patients who received ESS for bilateral CRSwNP were randomised into group A (n=43), B (n=42), or C (n=41). Compared to groups A and B, group C showed greater VAS and SNOT-22 score improvement at 12 weeks after ESS. Group C showed significantly better LKES than did groups A and B at 8, 12, and 24 weeks after ESS. On stratifying the LKES results according to the presence/absence of tissue eosinophilia, greater add-on effects of clarithromycin were observed in the patient subgroup without tissue eosinophilia. CONCLUSIONS: Adding low-dose clarithromycin to oral corticosteroids as post-ESS therapy was well tolerated and showed benefi- cial subjective and objective outcomes in patients with CRSwNP, especially those without tissue eosinophilia.

11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063328

RESUMO

Backgroud A common lenticel disorder which occurs in the peel of 'Xinli No. 7' pears (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.) had not previously been described. Symptoms of this lenticel disorder include enlarging and bulging of the lenticels which results in significant commercial losses. Understanding the physiological basis of lenticel disorder and developing practical methods to control it is crucial for the successful marketing of this pear. RESULTS: The development of this lenticel disorder was found to be closely related to the endogenous ethylene production during storage. 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) combined with an ethylene absorbent (EA) treatment was found to significantly reduce the development of the disorder by inhibiting the expression of ethylene related genes, PbACS1, PbACS2 and PbACO. It is proposed that the enlarged lenticels may result from increased lignin accumulation in the peel cells, which is inhibited by this combined postharvest treatment. It was shown that the expression of six lignin related genes decreased following the treatment. The results suggest that PbPAL, Pb4CL and PbCAD could be the critical in regulating the development of this lenticel disorder. CONCLUSION: Endogenous ethylene plays a key role in the development of this lenticel disorder in 'Xinli No. 7' pear. The enlarged lenticels which is characteristic of this disorder maybe related to increased lignin accumulation in the peel cells, which were inhibited with 1-MCP combined with an EA treatment. These results provide a practical method for managing the development of lenticel disorder in 'Xinli No. 7' pear and helps clarify the developmental mechanisms of this disorder. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012070

RESUMO

AIMS: In China, apple production areas are largely from the coastal to inland areas and across varied climate zones. However, the relationship among soil micro-organisms, environmental factors and fruit quality has not been clearly confirmed in orchards. Here we attempted to identify the variation of soil bacteria in the main apple producing regions and reveal the relationship among climatic factor, soil properties, soil bacterial community and fruit quality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty soil samples were collected from six main apple producing areas in China. We examined the soil bacteria using bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicon profiling. The results show that the soil bacterial diversity of apple orchards varied from the Bohai Bay Region to the Loess Plateau Region. Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria were the predominant taxa at the phylum level for all six areas. In the Bohai Bay and the Loess Plateau region, which are the two largest apple producing areas, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria had the highest relative abundance, respectively. Furthermore, soil bacterial diversity showed positive correlation with the mean annual temperature (MAT), soil organic matter (SOM) and pH. Excluding a direct effect on the apple fruit quality, MAT exerted an indirect influence through soil SOM and pH to alter the relative abundance of dominant taxa and shift the bacterial diversity, which affects the apple fruit titratable acids and soluble solids. CONCLUSIONS: Geographic variables underlie apple orchard soil bacterial communities vary according to spatial scale. Environmental factors exert an indirect effect on apple fruit quality via shaping soil bacterial community. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provides a list of bacteria associated with environmental factors and the ecological attributes of their interactions in apple orchards, which will improve our ability to promote soil bacterial functional capabilities in order to reduce the fertilizer input and enhance the fruit quality.

13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Dente Molar , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 875-880, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of short-term halo-pelvic traction (HPT) combined with surgery in the treatment of severe spinal deformities. METHODS: In the study, 24 patients diagnosed as severe spinal deformity accepted the treatment of one-stage short-term HPT and two-stage surgery from January 2015 to May 2018 in our orthopedics department. 24 cases (9 males and 15 females) were retrospectively reviewed. The average age of the cohort was (28.8±10.0) years (12-48 years). The height, scoliosis angle, kyphosis angle, the height difference of shoulders, the height difference of crista iliaca, C7PL-CSVL and the perpendicular distance of S1 and the convex point of the patients were assessed at pre-traction, post-traction and post-surgery. The paired t test was used to analyze the difference among pre-traction, post-traction and post-surgery. RESULTS: The average traction time of 24 cases was (2.5±1.1) weeks (1-5 weeks). The height of pre-traction and post-traction were (141.7±11.2) cm (116-167 cm) and (154.1±9.5) cm (136-176 cm) respectively, showing significant difference (P < 0.05), and the increased height was (12.4±4.6) cm (4-20 cm). The average scoliosis angle before traction was 104.9°±35.0°(25°ï¼158°), and it was significantly decreased in post-traction[64.8°±21.0°(19°ï¼92°)] and post-surgery[39.3°±17.0° (10°-70°)] (P < 0.05). The traction's coronal correction rate was 37.2%±10.9% (11.9%-51.2%) and the total coronal correction rate was 61.9%±12.6%(26.9%-79.0%). The average kyphosis angle before traction was 106.9°±29.2°(54°ï¼163°), and it was significantly decreased in post-traction [63.1°±17.1°(32°ï¼92°)] and post-surgery [39.0°±16.8°(10°ï¼68°)](P < 0.05). The traction's sagittal correction rate was 40.0%±10.7%(16.7%-55.5%) and the total sagittal correction rate was 64.3%±10.7%(49.0%-87.5%). The average C7PL-CSVL before traction was (3.2±2.8) cm, and it was significantly decreased in post-traction [(2.5±2.5) cm] (P < 0.05). The perpendicular distance of S1 and the convex point before traction was (10.5±4.8) cm, and it was significantly decreased in post-traction[(8.4±3.5) cm] (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The one-stage short-term HPT combined with two-stage surgery is a safe and effective procedure for severe spinal deformities. The clinical efficacy is satisfactory and the complication is relatively less.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cifose/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Tração , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 943-947, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To select the most effective method among different masking treatments, such as different thickness and transparence, tissue surface's opaque coating, and opaque resin cement to restore discolored teeth esthetically by porcelain veneer. METHODS: Four extracted intact maxillary central incisors were prepared for porcelain veneer restoration and each three heat pressed porcelain veneers from three thicknesses (0.8 mm, 1.0 mm, 1.2 mm) and two transparency(high transparence, HT and low transparence, LT))in Vita shade A2 were fabricated for each tooth, in total of 72 pieces. The surfaces of three prepared teeth were then painted to mimic situations of severe dental fluorosis, severe tetracycline teeth, and necrotic teeth. Each of the veneers was temporarily cemented to the corresponding tooth surface using try-in cements with three different colors (transparent, opaque, and yellow), then used the shade guide (3D master) and electronic colorimeter (easy shade) to record the shade of each porcelain veneer through hue, lightness, and chroma reading. After that, high-transparence porcelain veneers in thickness of 0.8 mm was fused with a layer of opaque porcelain in tissue surface, and were shade matched again after cementation. Statistic treatments were performed to analyze the difference in each masking method. RESULTS: For each 0.2 mm increase in the veneer thickness of porcelain, the average lightness was reduced by 1 unit, while the chroma was not changed which was independent of the type of the resin cements. When the thickness of the porcelain veneer was decreased to 0.8 mm, the opacity effect was not remarkable even if a low-transparence porcelain veneer was used. Transparent and yellow resin cements had poor opaque performance, while opaque resin cement could reduce the lightness by 2 units and the chroma was also reduced. The opaque layer of the tissue surface could be applied uniformly, and the lightness and chroma could be reduced to Vita 2M1 to 2M1.5 levels regardless of the color of resin cements, which suggested a stable opacity effect for different discolored teeth in this study. CONCLUSION: For porcelain veneer restoration of discolored teeth, thickened veneers are the most effective means to display a natural transmittance and color. Tissue surface's opacity coatings and opaque resin cements can also be used to reduce grayscale and increase lightness.


Assuntos
Descoloração de Dente , Cor , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Pigmentação em Prótese , Cimentos de Resina , Descoloração de Dente/terapia
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9236, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015757

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "MiR-16 inhibits pituitary adenoma cell proliferation via the suppression of ERK/MAPK signal pathway, by D.-W. Wang, Y.-Q. Wang, H.-S. Shu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (5): 1241-1248-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201803_14464-PMID: 29565480" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/14464.

17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9282-9289, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the specific mechanism through which long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG17 promotes the proliferative capacity and invasiveness of ovarian tumor cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) detected the expressions of SNHG17 and FOXA1 in 30 pairs of ovarian cancer tissue specimens and corresponding adjacent ones. Meanwhile, in ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780, OVCAR3, SKOV3, CAOV3) and normal ovarian epithelial cell line (IOSE80), SNHG17 and FOXA1 mRNA levels were also examined. In in vitro experiment, si-SNHG17, si-FOXA1, and their corresponding negative controls were transfected into ovarian cancer cell lines, respectively. After that, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and plate cloning experiments were carried out to examine cell proliferation ability, while transwell assay was performed for cell invasiveness detection. Lastly, the interplay between SNHG17 and FOXA1 was further assessed via qRT-PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: qRT-PCR results indicated that SNHG17 expression was remarkably enhanced in ovarian cancer tissue samples compared with that in adjacent ones. In addition, ovarian cancer cells also contained higher expression of SNHG17 than the normal ovarian epithelial cells. However, down-regulating SNHG17 attenuated the cell proliferation and invasive ability. At the same time, compared with that in adjacent tissue samples, FOXA1 also showed a higher expression in ovarian cancer tissues, which was positively correlated with SNHG17. Silencing SNHG17 markedly downregulated FOXA1 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, downregulation of FOXA1 expression was found to be able to inhibit cell proliferation and invasion as well. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA SNHG17 can promote ovarian tumor cell proliferative ability and invasiveness by upregulating FOXA1, and serve as a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9429-9437, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) WT-AS on the invasiveness and migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of lncRNA WT-AS in the pathogenesis of NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LncRNA WT-AS expression in 50 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent ones was studied by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis, and the correlations of WT-AS with clinicopathological indicators and prognosis of NSCLC patients were analyzed. Meanwhile, NSCLC expression levels in NSCLC cell lines were also evaluated by qPCR assay. In addition, WT-AS overexpression and knockdown models were constructed using lentivirus in NSCLC cell lines A549 and H1299, respectively. Thereafter, transwell and cell wound healing assays were carried out to assess the implication of WT-AS in biological functions of NSCLC cells. Furthermore, the interaction between WT-AS and KLK13 was determined via Luciferase assay. RESULTS: The results showed that WT-AS expression in NSCLC was remarkably lower than that in normal tissues adjacent to the cancer. Univariate analysis suggested that compared with patients with high expression of WT-AS, patients in low expression group showed higher incidence of metastasis and lower survival rates. Overexpression of WT-AS suppressed cell invasion and metastasis capacity, while the opposite result was observed in WT-AS knockdown group. KLK13 expression showed an increase in NSCLC cell lines and tissues, which was negatively correlated with WT-AS level. Meanwhile, Luciferase assay confirmed the binding between WT-AS and KLK13. Western blotting revealed that KLK13 expression was remarkably elevated in EC tissues and was positively correlated with TRIM62. In addition, it was also found that WT-AS and KLK13 had a mutual regulatory effect, which together affect the malignant progress of NSCLC. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows for the first time that LncRNA WT-AS interacts with KLK13 to serve as a negative regulator of NSCLC progression.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9522-9531, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have important effects on various biological behavior of human diseases. Although increasing lncRNAs have been explored in human cancers, there are still countless lncRNA to be mined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lncRNA SNHG16 on the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to analyze the expression patterns of SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF. MTT and transwell methods were used to detect the effect of SNHG16 on cell migration. The association between SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and Dual-Luciferase verification reporter analysis. Finally, lung cancer cells have demonstrated the role of SNHG16-miR-520-VEGF in the cell biological behavior axis. RESULTS: Compared with normal cells, SNHG16 is highly expressed in lung cancer cells. Silent SNHG16 has a negative effect on the migration of lung cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA up-regulates VEGF in lung cancer cells by binding to miR-520. LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA promotes the migration of lung cancer cells by regulating the miR-520/VEGF axis.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9581-9590, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in multiple processes of malignant tumors, including glioma. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of LINC00346 on glioma and its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) databases were used to analyze the expression patterns and survival risk of LINC00346, miR-128-3p and SUZ RNA binding domain containing 1 (SZRD1) in glioma tissues. The binding sites were predicted by bioinformatic databases, and then, validated by Dual-Luciferase assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP). qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to evaluate the gene expression levels. CellTiter-Glo® and colony formation assays were used to detect the proliferation of glioma cells. Flow cytometric analysis was used to evaluate the apoptosis of glioma cells. The xenograft models were established to investigate the impact of LINC00346 on tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: We found that both LINC00346 and SZRD1 expression were negatively related to the poor overall survival rate in glioma patients. However, miR-128-3p showed the opposite effect of survival outcomes. LINC00346 knockdown remarkably restrained cell proliferation both in vitro and in vivo, as well as inducing apoptosis by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-128-3p. Moreover, miR-128-3p bound to SZRD1 3'-UTR in a sequence-specific manner. In addition, LINC00346 knockdown significantly inhibited the expression of SZRD1 and the inhibition could be reversed by miR-128-3p mimics. Furthermore, cell proliferation and apoptosis affected by LINC00346 were partially rescued by modulating miR-128-3p or SZRD1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00346/miR-128-3p/SZRD1 axis played a crucial role in modulating the malignant progression of glioma, which may serve as a prognostic indicator and a probable therapeutic target for glioma.

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