Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 16.486
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256565, 2024. tab, graf, mapas
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360220

RESUMO

Liupan Mountains are an important region in China in the context of forest cover and vegetation due to huge afforestation and plantation practices, which brought changes in soil physio-chemical properties, soil stocks, and soil stoichiometries are rarely been understood. The study aims to explore the distribution of soil nutrients at 1-m soil depth in the plantation forest region. The soil samples at five depth increments (0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, and 80-100 cm) were collected and analyzed for different soil physio-chemical characteristics. The results showed a significant variation in soil bulk density (BD), soil porosity, pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), and electric conductivity (EC) values. More soil BD (1.41 g cm-3) and pH (6.97) were noticed in the deep soil layer (80-100 cm), while the highest values of porosity (60.6%), EC (0.09 mS cm-1), and CEC (32.9 c mol kg-1) were reflected in the uppermost soil layer (0-20 cm). Similarly, the highest contents of soil organic carbon (SOC), total phosphorus (TP), available phosphorus (AP), total nitrogen (TN), and available potassium (AK) were calculated in the surface soil layer (0-20 cm). With increasing soil depth increment a decreasing trend in the SOC and other nutrient concentration were found, whereas the soil total potassium (TK) produced a negative correlation with soil layer depth. The entire results produced the distribution of SOCs and TNs (stocks) at various soil depths in forestland patterns were 0→20cm > 20→40cm > 40→60cm ≥ 60→80cm ≥ 80→100 cm. Furthermore, the stoichiometric ratios of C, N, and P, the C/P, and N/P ratios showed maximum values (66.49 and 5.46) in 0-20 cm and lowest values (23.78 and 1.91) in 80-100 cm soil layer depth. Though the C/N ratio was statistically similar across the whole soil profile (0-100 cm). These results highlighted that the soil depth increments might largely be attributed to fluctuations in soil physio-chemical properties, soil stocks, and soil stoichiometries. Further study is needed to draw more conclusions on nutrient dynamics, soil stocks, and soil stoichiometry in these forests.


As montanhas de Liupan são uma região importante na China no contexto de cobertura florestal e vegetação devido às enormes práticas de florestamento e plantação, que trouxeram mudanças nas propriedades físico-químicas do solo, e estoques e estequiometrias do solo raramente são compreendidos. O estudo visa explorar a distribuição de nutrientes do solo a 1 m de profundidade do solo na região da floresta plantada. As amostras de solo em cinco incrementos de profundidade (0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80 e 80-100 cm) foram coletadas e analisadas para diferentes características físico-químicas do solo. Os resultados mostraram uma variação significativa nos valores de densidade do solo (BD), porosidade do solo, pH, capacidade de troca catiônica (CEC) e condutividade elétrica (CE). Mais DB do solo (1,41 g cm-3) e pH (6,97) do solo foram observados na camada profunda do solo (80-100 cm), enquanto os maiores valores de porosidade (60,6%), CE (0,09 mS cm-1) e CEC (32,9 c mol kg-1) foram refletidos na camada superior do solo (0-20 cm). Da mesma forma, os maiores teores de carbono orgânico do solo (SOC), fósforo total (TP), fósforo disponível (AP), nitrogênio total (TN) e potássio disponível (AK) foram calculados na camada superficial do solo (0-20 cm). Com o aumento do incremento da profundidade do solo, uma tendência decrescente no SOC e na concentração de outros nutrientes foi encontrada, enquanto o potássio total do solo (TK) produziu uma correlação negativa com a profundidade da camada do solo. Todos os resultados produziram a distribuição de SOCs e TNs (estoques) em várias profundidades de solo em padrões de floresta 0 → 20cm> 20 → 40cm> 40 → 60cm ≥ 60 → 80cm ≥ 80 → 100 cm. Além disso, as relações estequiométricas de C, N e P, as relações C / P e N / P, apresentaram valores máximos (66,49 e 5,46) em 0-20 cm, e valores mais baixos (23,78 e 1,91) em solo de 80-100 cm profundidade da camada. Embora a relação C / N fosse estatisticamente semelhante em todo o perfil do solo (0-100 cm). Esses resultados destacaram que os incrementos de profundidade do solo podem ser amplamente atribuídos a flutuações nas propriedades físico-químicas do solo, estoques e estequiometrias do solo. Mais estudos são necessários para tirar conclusões adicionais sobre a dinâmica dos nutrientes, estoques de solo e estequiometria do solo nessas florestas.


Assuntos
Solo/química , Análise do Solo , Florestas , China
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725299

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is end-stage of variety of heterogeneous interstitial lung disease, characterizedby excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition and destruction of lung parenchyma. Thyroid and lung are derived from the same endodermal cells, thyroid hormone affect the occurrence、development and prognosis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases, This article reviews the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in pulmonary fibrosis in order to provide new idea for the study of the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in silicosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Fibroblastos , Hormônios Tireóideos , Fibrose
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725295

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the change of hearing threshold of workers exposed to noise, establish an individual-based hearing loss early warning model, accurately and differentiated the health of workers exposed to noise. Methods: In September 2019, all physical examination data of 561 workers exposed to noise from an enterprise were collected since their employment. Three indicators of average hearing threshold of the better ear, namely, at high frequency, 4000 Hz and speech frequency, were constructed. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to adjust gender and age and establish the warning model of each indicator. Finally, sensitive indicators and warning models were screened according to AUC and Yoden index. Results: Among the 561 workers exposed to noise, 26 (4.6%) workers had hearing loss. The sensitivity indicators were the average hearing threshold at speech frequency ≥20 dB, high frequency ≥30 dB and 4000 Hz ≥25 dB. The AUC of each index was 0.602, 0.794 and 0.804, and the Youden indexes were 0.204, 0.588 and 0.608, respectively. In GEE of hearing loss warning models, high-frequency hearing threshold ≥20 dB and 4000 Hz hearing threshold ≥25 dB were the optimal models, with AUC of 0.862. Conclusion: Combined with the changes of individual hearing threshold over the years, can accurately assess the risk of individual hearing loss of workers exposed to noise.


Assuntos
Surdez , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/diagnóstico , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Audiometria , Emprego , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico
4.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735113

RESUMO

In this study, a model of ischemic stroke by surgical proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was developed on 10 beagle dogs. The advantages of this model are the transtemporal approach and a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Dogs were randomly assigned to two groups: sham-operated (proximal MCA exposure without occlusion) and experimental (permanent proximal MCA occlusion) groups. Different evaluation methods were used to assess the consequences of MCA occlusion in dogs, including neurobehavioral tests, MRI, and immunohistochemical staining. Clear signs of cerebral infarction associated with the region supplied by MCA were confirmed and the model showed good repeatability and consistency. The model can serve as an appropriate large animal model to improve the translation of stroke therapeutics research from the laboratory to the clinical practice.

5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(3): 201-208, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650965

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the short-term and mid-term effects of surgical treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in one center. Methods: The perioperative data and short-term follow-up outcomes of 421 patients with obstructive HCM who received surgical treatment at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2017 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 207 males and 214 females, aged (56.5±11.7) years (range: 19 to 78 years). Preoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification included 45 cases of class Ⅱ, 328 cases in class Ⅲ, and 48 cases in class Ⅳ. Fifty-eight patients were diagnosed with latent obstructive HCM and 257 patients had moderate or more mitral regurgitation with 56 patients suffering from intrinsic mitral valve diseases. All procedures were completed by a multidisciplinary team, including professional echocardiologists involving in preoperative planning for proper miitral valve management strategies and intraoperative monitoring. A total of 338 patients underwent septal myectomy alone, and 59 patients underwent mitral valve surgery along with myectomy. A single transaortic approach was used in 355 patients, and a right atrial-atrial septal/atrial sulcus approach was used in 51 other patients. Long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments were wsed for the procedures. Student t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the data before and after surgery. Results: The aortic cross-clamping time of septal myectomy alone was (34.3±8.5) minutes (range: 21 to 94 minutes). Eighteen patients had intraoperative adverse events and underwent immediate reoperation, including residual obstruction (10 patients), left ventricular free wall rupture (4 patients), ventricular septal perforation (3 patients), and aortic valve perforation (1 patient). Four patients died during hospitalization, and 11 patients developed complete atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. After discharge, 384 (92.1%) patients received a follow-up visit with a median duration of 9 months. All follow-up patients survived with significantly improved NYHA classifications: 216 patients in class Ⅰ and 168 patients in class Ⅱ (χ2=662.73, P<0.01 as compared to baseline). At 6 months after surgery, follow-up echocardiography showed that the thickness of the ventricular septum ((13.6±2.5) mm vs. (18.2±3.0) mm, t=23.51, P<0.01) and the peak left ventricular outflow tract gradient ((12.0±6.3) mmHg vs. (93.4±19.8) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, t=78.29, P<0.01) were both significantly lower than baseline values. Conclusion: The construction of the surgical team (including echocardiography experts), proper mitral valve management strategies, identification and management of sub-mitral-valve abnormalities, and application of long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments are important for the successful implementation of septal myectomy with satisfactory short-and medium-term outcomes.

6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 45(1): 50-55, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709120

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effects of exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells on the proliferation and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and to analyze the contents of exosomes and explore the mechanisms affecting pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: Exosomes extracted from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were added to pancreatic cancer cells BxPC3, Panc-1 and mouse models of pancreatic cancer, respectively. The proliferative activity and invasion abilities of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells were measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays. The expressions of miRNAs in exosomes were detected by high-throughput sequencing. GO and KEGG were used to analyze the related functions and the main metabolic pathways of target genes with high expressions of miRNAs. Results: The results of CCK-8 cell proliferation assay showed that the absorbance of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells in the hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.68±0.09) vs. (3.68±0.01), P<0.05; (5.20±0.20) vs. (3.45±0.17), P<0.05]. Transwell test results showed that the number of invasion cells of BxPC3 and Panc-1 in hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group (129.40±6.02) vs. (89.40±4.39), P<0.05; (134.40±7.02) vs. (97.00±6.08), P<0.05. In vivo experimental results showed that the tumor volume and weight in the exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs-exo) group were significantly greater than that in the control group [(884.57±59.70) mm(3) vs. (695.09±57.81) mm(3), P<0.05; (0.94±0.21) g vs. (0.60±0.13) g, P<0.05]. High-throughput sequencing results showed that miR-148a-3p, miR-100-5p, miR-143-3p, miR-21-5p and miR-92a-3p were highly expressed. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the target genes of these miRNAs were mainly involved in the regulation of glucosaldehylation, and the main metabolic pathways were ascorbic acid and aldehyde acid metabolism, which were closely related to the development of pancreatic cancer. Conclusion: Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells can promote the growth of pancreatic cancer cells and the mechanism is related to miRNAs that are highly expressed in exosomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Sincalida/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 45(1): 56-63, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709121

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) gene on the proliferation, migration, apoptosis and immune escape of endometrial cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Endometrial cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma who underwent total or partial hysterectomy in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were collected. The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method, Transwell method, flow cytometry, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to explore the target relationship between UCA1 and miR-204-5p. HEC-1A-sh-NC or HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells were co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or cytokine-induced killer cells in vitro to explore the role of UCA1 in immune escape. Results: The expression level of UCA1 in endometrial cancer tissue (17.08±0.84) was higher than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (3.00±0.37), and the expression level of miR-204-5p (0.98±0.16) was lower than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (2.00±0.20, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression of miR-204-5p was negatively correlated with the expression of UCA1 (r=-0.330, P=0.030). The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage of endometrial cancer, lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (P<0.05). The relative ratio of absorbance (0.58±0.11) and the number of cell migration [(199.68±18.44)] in the sh-UCA1 group were lower than those in the sh-NC group (1.24±0.17 and 374.76±24.83), respectively. The apoptosis rate of sh-UCA1 group [(28.64±7.80)%] was higher than that of sh-NC group [(14.27±4.38)%, P<0.05]. After different ratios of effector cells and target cells were cultured, the cell survival rate of HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group was lower than that of HEC-1A-sh-NC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). UCA1 had a binding site for miR-204-5p. The relative ratio of absorbance (1.74±0.08) and the number of cell migration (426.00±18.00) cells in the UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group were higher than those in the control group [1.00±0.03 and (284.00±8.00) cells, respectively]. The apoptosis rate of UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group [(5.42±0.93)%] was lower than that of control group [(14.82±1.48)%, P<0.05]. HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells could induce higher interferon gamma (IFN-γ) expression when co-cultured with PBMC, and the levels of IFN-γ expression in PHA group and PHA+ pre-miR-204-5p group cells were 2.42±0.49 and 1.88±0.26, which were higher than that in the PHA+ pre-NC group (0.85±0.10, P<0.05). When co-cultured with cytokine-induced killer cells (different ratios) in vitro, the HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group and the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group had lower survival rates than that in the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group. In the HEC-1A-pre-NC group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: UCA1/miR-204-5p may play an important role in human endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias do Endométrio , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Antagomirs , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Apoptose/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 45(1): 88-94, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709125

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application and efficacy of paclitaxel liposome in the treatment of advanced breast cancer among Chinese population in the real world. Methods: The clinical characteristics of patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome as salvage treatment from January 1, 2016 to August 31, 2019 in 11 hospitals were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome included objective response rate (ORR) and safety. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model were used for the multivariate analysis. Results: Among 647 patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome, the first-line treatment accounted for 43.3% (280/647), the second-line treatment accounted for 27.7% (179/647), and the third-line and above treatment accounted for 29.1% (188/647). The median dose of first-line and second-line treatment was 260 mg per cycle, and 240 mg in third line and above treatment. The median period of paclitaxel liposome alone and combined chemotherapy or targeted therapy is 4 cycles and 6 cycles, respectively. In the whole group, 167 patients (25.8%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with capecitabine±trastuzumab (TX±H), 123 patients (19.0%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome alone (T), and 119 patients (18.4%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with platinum ± trastuzumab (TP±H), 108 patients (16.7%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with trastuzumab ± pertuzumab (TH±P). The median PFS of first-line and second-line patients (5.5 and 5.5 months, respectively) were longer than that of patients treated with third line and above (4.9 months, P<0.05); The ORR of the first line, second line, third line and above patients were 46.7%, 36.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that event-free survival (EFS) and the number of treatment lines were independent prognostic factors for PFS. The common adverse events were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal reactions, hand foot syndrome and abnormal liver function. Conclusion: Paclitaxel liposomes is widely used and has promising efficacy in multi-subtype advanced breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/induzido quimicamente , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos
9.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 457, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709345

RESUMO

Injectable biomimetic hydrogels have great potential for use in regenerative medicine as cellular delivery vectors. However, they can suffer from issues relating to hypoxia, including poor cell survival, differentiation, and functional integration owing to the lack of an established vascular network. Here we engineer a hybrid myoglobin:peptide hydrogel that can concomitantly deliver stem cells and oxygen to the brain to support engraftment until vascularisation can occur naturally. We show that this hybrid hydrogel can modulate cell fate specification within progenitor cell grafts, resulting in a significant increase in neuronal differentiation. We find that the addition of myoglobin to the hydrogel results in more extensive innervation within the host tissue from the grafted cells, which is essential for neuronal replacement strategies to ensure functional synaptic connectivity. This approach could result in greater functional integration of stem cell-derived grafts for the treatment of neural injuries and diseases affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Células-Tronco Neurais , Hidrogéis/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Mioglobina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 33-40, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603882

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of various types of infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) and the prognosis of different treatment methods in the imaging classification of IPN proposed. Methods: The clinical data of 126 patients with IPN admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 70 males(55.6%) and 56 females(44.4%), with age(M(IQR)) of 44(17)years (range: 12 to 87 years). There were 67 cases(53.2%) of severe acute pancreatitis and 59 cases (46.8%) of moderately severe acute pancreatitis. All cases were based on the diagnostic criteria of IPN. All cases were divided into Type Ⅰ(central IPN)(n=21), Type Ⅱ(peripheral IPN)(n=23), Type Ⅲ(mixed IPN)(n=74) and Type Ⅳ(isolated IPN)(n=8) according to the different sites of infection and necrosis on CT.According to different treatment strategies,they were divided into Step-up group(n=109) and Step-jump group(n=17). The clinical indicators and prognosis of each group were observed and analyzed by ANOVA,t-test,χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in mortality, complication rate and complication grade in each type of IPN(all P>0.05). Compared with other types of patients, the length of stay (69(40)days vs. 19(19)days) and hospitalization expenses(323 000(419 000)yuan vs. 60 000(78 000)yuan) were significantly increased in Type Ⅳ IPN(Z=-4.041, -3.972; both P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Type Ⅳ IPN was significantly higher than that of other types (χ2=16.350,P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the mortality of patients with different types of IPN between different treatment groups. The length of stay and hospitalization expenses of patients in the Step-up group were significantly less than those in the Step-jump group(19(20)days vs. 33(35)days, Z=-2.052, P=0.040;59 000(80 000)yuan vs. 122 000(109 000)yuan,Z=-2.317,P=0.020). Among the patients in Type Ⅳ IPN, the hospitalization expenses of Step-up group was significantly higher than that of Step-jump group(330 000(578 000)yuan vs. 141 000 yuan,Z=-2.000,P=0.046). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Step-up group(17.4%(19/109)) was significantly lower than that of Step-jump group(10/17)(χ2=11.980, P=0.001). Conclusions: Type Ⅳ IPN is more serious than the other three types. It causes longer length of stay and more hospitalization expenses. The step-up approach is safe and effective in the treatment of IPN. However, for infected lesions which are deep in place,difficult to reach by conventional drainage methods, or mainly exhibit "dry necrosis", choosing the step-jump approach is a more positive choice.


Assuntos
Infecções Intra-Abdominais , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/terapia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/complicações , Doença Aguda , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/complicações , Necrose/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(1): 1-7, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655250

RESUMO

The laboratory diagnostic strategy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a process to accurately detect HIV patients through a combination of available HIV tests. Laboratory tests for HIV infection are mainly serological antibody and antigen testing and HIV RNA testing. With the update of testing reagents, the sensitivity and specificity have improved substantially and the window period of detection has shortened, but there is a risk of false positives. Various guidelines have recommended different diagnostic strategies for different target populations and different prevalence regions to guide patients to confirm the diagnosis and receive standardized antiretroviral therapy as early as possible. How to refer to the diagnostic strategies, reduce false positives and shorten the window period while increasing the detection rate is an urgent issue for laboratories to address. This article describes the characteristics and advantages and disadvantages of testing methods related to HIV infection from the perspective of laboratory diagnostic strategies, as well as the impact of the development of treatments on diagnostic strategies, in order to provide theoretical support for the practical application of HIV diagnostic strategies.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(1): 58-62, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655259

RESUMO

To develop a caregiver parenting behavior scale for children aged 2 to 6 years, and to verify its reliability and validity. This study recruited 1 350 caregivers of children aged 2 to 6 years. The item discrimination analysis and exploratory factor analysis were used to analyze the structure, dimensions and items of the scale. Homogeneity reliability, split-half reliability and test-retest reliability were used to analyze the reliability of the scale. Content validity and construct validity were used to analyze the validity of the scale. The results showed that the final scale contained 7 dimensions and 45 items. Cronbach's α coefficient of the total scale was 0.945; the coefficient of split half was 0.899; the test-retest reliability analysis showed that the correlation coefficients between the two tests were 0.893 (total score), 0.854 (social), 0.832 (language), 0.871 (gross motor), 0.893 (fine motor), 0.862 (cognitive), 0.832 (self-care), and 0.872 (sensory). The content validity analysis was carried out by two rounds of expert argumentation using Delphi expert consultation method. The Kendall coefficient of the items score in two rounds of Delphi expert consultation was 0.813 (P<0.01). The structure validity analysis showed that there were significant correlations between each dimension and the total scale, also between each dimension of the scale, and the extracted average variance values of each dimension was greater than the correlation coefficients between this dimension and other dimensions. In conclusion, the reliability and validity of the scale are qualified. It can be used as a tool to evaluate and guide the parenting behavior of caregivers of children aged 2 to 6 years.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Poder Familiar , Humanos , Criança , Cuidadores/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Psicometria/métodos
14.
Science ; 379(6627): 94-99, 2023 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603079

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays) is a major staple crop in Africa, where its yield and the livelihood of millions are compromised by the parasitic witchweed Striga. Germination of Striga is induced by strigolactones exuded from maize roots into the rhizosphere. In a maize germplasm collection, we identified two strigolactones, zealactol and zealactonoic acid, which stimulate less Striga germination than the major maize strigolactone, zealactone. We then showed that a single cytochrome P450, ZmCYP706C37, catalyzes a series of oxidative steps in the maize-strigolactone biosynthetic pathway. Reduction in activity of this enzyme and two others involved in the pathway, ZmMAX1b and ZmCLAMT1, can change strigolactone composition and reduce Striga germination and infection. These results offer prospects for breeding Striga-resistant maize.


Assuntos
Lactonas , Striga , Zea mays , Germinação , Lactonas/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Striga/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/metabolismo
15.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 27(1): 10-20, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Changes in the oral cavity can reflect other changes throughout the body. This study aimed to investigate the association of dental caries with muscle mass, muscle strength, and sarcopenia, and also to describe the microbial diversity, composition, and community structure of severe dental caries and sarcopenia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on a Chinese population aged from 50 to 85 years. SETTING: Communities from Lanxi City, Zhejiang Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1,442 participants aged from 50 to 85 years from a general community (62.8% women; median age 61.0 [interquartile range: 55.0, 68.0]). MEASUREMENTS: Dental caries was assessed by the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Sarcopenia was defined as the presence of both low muscle mass (assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning) and low muscle strength (assessed by handgrip strength). Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of dental caries with muscle mass, muscle strength, and sarcopenia. Fecal samples underwent 16S rRNA profiling to evaluate the diversity and composition of the gut microbiota in patients with severe dental caries and/or sarcopenia. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted logistic models, dental caries was positively associated with low muscle strength (DMFT ≥ 7: OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.25-2.06), and sarcopenia (DMFT ≥ 7: OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.01-2.26), but not low muscle mass. Severe dental caries was positively associated with higher alpha-diversity indices (richness, chao1, and ACE, all p < 0.05) and associated with beta-diversity based on Bray-Curtis distance (p = 0.006). The severe dental caries group and the sarcopenia group overlapped with 11 depleted and 13 enriched genera. CONCLUSION: Dental caries was positively associated with low muscle strength and sarcopenia but not muscle mass, and this association was more pronounced in male individuals. Significant differences were observed in gut microbiota composition both in severe dental caries and sarcopenia, and there was an overlap of the genera features. Future longitudinal studies are needed to clarify causal relationships.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Sarcopenia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Força da Mão , Força Muscular , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 51(1): 38-44, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655240

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c/apolipoprotein A-1 (HbA1c/ApoA-1) ratio for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The present study is a retrospective cohort study. ACS patients who were hospitalized and underwent coronary angiography at Beijing Hospital from March 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. Baseline information such as sex, age, previous history, Gensini score, HbA1c and ApoA-1 were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of MACEs and the difference on HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was compared between the two groups. According to the tertiles of HbA1c/ApoA-1 levels, patients were divided into high (5.87-16.12), medium (4.50-5.83) and low (2.11-4.48) HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the differences in MACEs and all-cause mortality among the three groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the differences of MACEs between the various HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Results: A total of 366 ACS patients were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (65.9±10.3) years. There were 59 MACEs and 10 all-cause deaths during the mean of (22.3±4.4) months follow-up. After adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes and Gensini score, the incidence of MACEs was 2.45 times higher in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group than in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group (95%CI 1.16-5.18, P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the high and low HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups (P=1.000). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the highest risk of MACEs, while patients in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the lowest risk of MACEs (P<0.01). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that HbA1/ApoA-1 ratio was positively correlated with Gensini score in ACS patients (r=0.274, P<0.01). Conclusion: High HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was an independent risk factor for MACEs in ACS patients. Patients with high HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio had more severe coronary artery disease lesions. HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio may be used as a potential risk stratification biomarker for ACS patients, it might be useful for the early identification of high-risk population and for predicting the incidence of MACEs among ACS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Apolipoproteína A-I , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Apolipoproteína A-I/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 29-35, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594118

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Sepse , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Peso ao Nascer , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer , Idade Gestacional , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Sepse/epidemiologia , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/epidemiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(2): 114-119, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720620

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the application of volume replacement techniques in breast conserving surgery for breast cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 76 breast cancer patients underwent a breast conserving surgery with volume replacement techniques at the Breast Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, from June 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were female, aged (42.6±6.4) years (range: 32 to 56 years). Tumor staging inlcuded stage ⅡA in 36 cases, stage ⅡB in 24 cases, stage ⅢA in 12 cases, stage ⅢB in 4 cases. Three types of techniques included the lateral thoracic adipofascial flaps in 47 cases, the upper abdominal wall adipofascial flaps in 22 cases and the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in 7 cases. The specimen volume of tumor expansion resection in breast conserving surgery was measured, while the operative time used for volume replacement techniques, postoperative drainage retention time, postoperative complications and patients' satisfaction with the breast shape were recorded. Results: The specimen volume of tumor was (100.9±24.2) ml (range: 55 to 157 ml) in lateral thoracic adipofascial flap group, (88.4±14.5) ml (67 to 118 ml) in upper abdominal wall adipofascial flap group, (179.7±22.9) ml (range: 155 to 220 ml) in latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap group. The operative time used to restore the breast shape of the three groups were (52.9±9.0) minutes (range: 45 to 70 minutes), (63.2±8.8) minutes (range: 50 to 70 minutes) and (99.3±3.4) minutes (range: 95 to 105 minutes), respectively. The postoperative drainage retention times of the three groups were (8.6±1.2) days (range: 7 to 10 days), (9.4±0.9) days (range: 8 to 10 days) and (11.4±1.3) days (range: 10 to 13 days), respectively. All the 76 patients were evaluated for their satisfaction with the cosmetic outcomes, 64 patients (84.2%) were strongly satisfied and 12 patients (15.8%) were generally satisfied. The postoperative complications included fat liquefaction in 6 cases (2 cases in the lateral thoracic adipofascial flap group and 4 cases in the upper abdominal adipofascial flap group) and seroma in 4 cases (each 2 cases in the lateral thoracic adipofascial flap group and the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap group). Conclusions: For patients with large tissue loss during breast conserving surgery, the corresponding volume replacement techniques, including lateral thoracic adipofascial flaps, upper abdominal wall adpofascial flaps and latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps, should be reasonably selected for repair according to the tumor site and the size of the intraoperative breast loss, which can ensure the original volume and shape of the breast, with controllable postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mama , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
19.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 49-59, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720615

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the prognosis of stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH), and to compare the prognosis and recurrence sites of patients with different colpotomy paths. Methods: The clinical data of 965 patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer who underwent LRH in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected. The median age was 47.0 years of all patients with a median follow-up of 62 months (48-74 months). Cox regression was used to perform the univariate and multivariate analysis of the clinicopathological factors associated with the prognosis that included disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Patients were categorized into LRH through vaginal colpotomy (VC group, n=475) and LRH through intracorporeal colpotomy (IC group, n=490) according to the colpotomic approaches. The prognosis and recurrence sites of patients in each group were compared. Results: (1) During the follow-up period, 137 cases recurred (14.2%, 137/965) and 98 cases died (10.2%, 98/965). The 5-year DFS and OS were 85.8% and 89.9%, respectively. In univariate analysis, positive vaginal margin (PVM) was significantly affected the 5-year OS of patients with cervical cancer (P=0.023), while clinical stage, maximum diameter of tumor, degree of pathological differentiation, lymph node metastasis (LNM), depth of cervical stromal invasion, parametrium involvement, and uterine corpus invasion (UCI) were significantly associated with 5-year DFS and OS in patients with cervical cancer (all P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, clinical stage (HR=1.882, 95%CI: 1.305-2.716), LNM (HR=2.178, 95%CI: 1.483-3.200) and UCI (HR=3.650, 95%CI: 1.906-6.988) were independent risk factors of 5-year DFS (all P<0.001). Clinical stage (HR=2.500, 95%CI: 1.580-3.956), LNM (HR=2.053, 95%CI: 1.309-3.218), UCI (HR=3.984, 95%CI: 1.917-8.280), PVM (HR=3.235, 95%CI: 1.021-10.244) were independent risk factors of 5-year OS (all P<0.05). (2) Different colpotomy paths did not significantly affect the 5-year DFS and OS of patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer. The 5-year DFS in VC group and IC group were 85.9% and 85.6% (P=0.794), and the 5-year OS were 90.8% and 89.3% (P=0.966), respectively. Recurrence patterns consisted of intraperitoneal recurrence, pelvic recurrence, vaginal stump recurrence, and lymph node and distant metastasis. The intraperitoneal recurrence rate of VC group was significantly lower than that of IC group [0.6%(3/468) vs 2.3% (11/485), P=0.037], while the rates of pelvic recurrence, vaginal stump recurrence, lymph node and distant metastasis and overall recurrence were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05). Subgroup analysis of patients with different clinical stages, LNM and UCI showed that statistical differences of the intraperitoneal recurrence rates between two groups were only in patients without LNM (0.5% vs 2.3%, P=0.030) or without UCI (0.7% vs 2.3%, P=0.037). Conclusions: Clinical stage, LNM, PVM and UCI are independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer. For patients without LNM or UCI, LRH through VC could reduce the intraperitoneal recurrence rate, while it is not enough to improve 5-year DFS and OS of patients. Low proportion of intraperitoneal recurrence, intra-operative tumor cells spillage to vagina stump and pelvic cavity might be the explanation.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Histerectomia , Útero , Prognóstico , Metástase Linfática
20.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(2): 107-113, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720619

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effect of different endocrine therapy drugs on liver function in patients with early breast cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to include 4 318 patients with early breast cancer who received adjuvant endocrine therapy in Department of Breast Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2021. All the patients were female, aged (51.2±11.3) years (range: 20 to 87 years), including 1 182 patients in the anastrozole group, 592 patients in the letrozole group, 332 patients in the exemestane group, and 2 212 patients in the toremifene group. The mixed effect model was used to analyze and compare the liver function levels of patients at baseline, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 60 months of medication, and 1 year after drug withdrawal among the three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, exemestane) and toremifene. Results: ALT and AST of the 4 groups were significantly higher than the baseline level at 6 months (all P<0.01), and there were no significant differences in total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and AST levels among all groups one year after drug withdrawal (P: 0.538, 0.718, 0.061, respectively). There was no significant difference in the effect of all groups on AST levels (F=2.474, P=0.061), and in the effect of three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane) on ALT levels (anastrozole vs. letrozole, P=0.182; anastrozole vs. exemestane, P=0.535; letrozole vs. exemestane, P=0.862). Anastrozole and letrozole had significantly higher effects on ALT levels than toremifene (P<0.01, P=0.009). The proportion of abnormal liver function in each group increased significantly at 6 months compared with baseline, and then the proportion showed a decreasing trend over time. Conclusions: Three aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane) and toremifene can significantly increase the level of ALT and AST in patients with breast cancer, and the levels can gradually recover to the baseline after 1 year of drug withdrawal. The effect of non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole) on ALT levels is greater than toremifene.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Anastrozol , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Bilirrubina , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Letrozol , Fígado , Estudos Retrospectivos , Toremifeno , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...