Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 15.707
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244496, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278474

RESUMO

Abstract Enzymes immobilized onto substrates with excellent selectivity and activity show a high stability and can withstand extreme experimental conditions, and their performance has been shown to be retained after repeated uses. Applications of immobilized enzymes in various fields benefit from their unique characteristics. Common methods, including adsorption, encapsulation, covalent attachment and crosslinking, and other emerging approaches (e.g., MOFs) of enzyme immobilization have been developed mostly in recent years. In accordance with these immobilization methods, the present review elaborates the application of magnetic separable nanoparticles and functionalized SBA-15 and MCM-41 mesoporous materials used in the immobilization of enzymes.


Resumo Enzimas imobilizadas em substratos com excelente seletividade e atividade apresentam alta estabilidade e podem suportar condições experimentais extremas, e seu desempenho foi mantido após repetidos usos. As aplicações de enzimas imobilizadas em vários campos se beneficiam de suas características únicas. Métodos comuns, incluindo adsorção, encapsulamento, ligação covalente e reticulação, e outras abordagens emergentes (por exemplo, MOFs) de imobilização de enzima, foram desenvolvidos principalmente nos últimos anos. De acordo com esses métodos de imobilização, a presente revisão elabora a aplicação de nanopartículas magnéticas separáveis ​​e materiais mesoporosos funcionalizados SBA-15 e MCM-41 usados ​​na imobilização de enzimas.

2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(9): 1008-1013, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496490

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicpathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic features of malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) in the female reproductive system. Methods: To analyze its histopathological characteristics, we performed a retrospective review of the MMMT cases diagnosed at PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China during 2005-2019 using its surgical and pathological databases. EnVision immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of ER, PR, p16, p53 and MMR proteins. Results: Fifty cases were conformed to the diagnosis, including 29 cases originated in the uterus, 16 cases in ovary, 4 cases of synchronous occurrence in uterus and ovary, 1 case in cervix. The tumor was histologically composed of two components, namely carcinoma and sarcoma ones, with clear borderline or blend mutually. The proportion of cancer component in the whole tumor ranged from 5%-90%. The proportion of carcinoma was more than 50% in 76% of the cases, and less than 50% in 24% of cases, including 2 cases with<10% of carcinoma. In the cases of primary uterine MMMT, the main carcinoma type was high grade endometrioid carcinoma (55%, 16/29). In ovarian MMMT, the main carcinoma type was serous carcinoma (12/16), while that of cervical MMMT was squamous cell carcinoma. The others were clear cell carcinoma or the undifferentiated carcinoma. There was one carcinoma type in most cases, only 7 cases had two carcinoma types. Homologous sarcomas, including stromal sarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and high-grade spindle cell sarcomas, were more commonly found in uterine MMMT (72.4%, 21/29). While heterogenic sarcomas, including chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma, were more commonly noted in ovarian MMMT (12/16) than MMMT of other sites. There were 10 cases that consisted of two types of sarcomas. The synchronous MMMT of uterus and ovary had similar morphology and the types of carcinoma and sarcoma. The tumor cells that spread or metastasized to lymph node, omentum, intestinal wall or skin were all carcinoma cells, and were morphologically consistent with the original tumors. Immunohistochemically, ER and PR were both negative (23/25 in uterine, 8/10 in ovarian tumors). p16 was strongly positive (11/11 in uterine tumors, and 6/6 in ovarian tumors), with similar expression patterns in the carcinoma and sarcoma components. p53 showed mutant-type staining (64%, 21/33) and expressed synchronously in carcinoma and sarcoma components. p53 mutation was found in 35% cases of endometrial carcinoma and 46.7% cases of non-endometrial carcinoma. p53 mutation was also found in only 31.8% cases of heterogenic sarcomas, but in 50% of non-heterogenic sarcomas. Twenty-eight cases (28/33, 85%) presented intact mismatch repair proteins, while 5 cases (5/33, 15%) presented deficient mismatch repair proteins. Conclusions: MMMT in female reproductive system is a rare high-grade biphasic tumor with complex and diverse morphology. The immunohistochemical features are characterized by negative ER/PR and strongly positive p16, mostly mutant p53 and proficient mismatch repair proteins. The patients with a high FIGO stage have worse prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial , Neoplasias Uterinas , Carcinoma Endometrioide/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(9): 812-816, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496523

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of children pulmonary sequestration with torsion. Methods: The main clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations (chest B ultrasound, chest enhanced CT, pathological results), treatment and prognosis of 4 cases with pulmonary sequestration with torsion in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from November 2010 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 4 children, 2 were male and female,The age was 3 years and 8 months, 6 years and 9 months, 7 years and 5 months, 10 years old respectively.All the 4 cases were extralobar sequestrations, 2 cases were on the left side and 2 cases were on the right side. Abdominal pain was the first symptom, followed by chest pain in 2 cases, fever in 2 cases, shortness of breath in 1 case; 4 cases of chest color ultrasonography showed the soft tissue masses in the chest, medium volume pleural effusion in 2 cases, small pleural effusion in 2 cases, enhanced chest CT showed soft tissue mass without enhancement or slight enhancement in all 4 cases, and the blood supply artery was not clearly shown. Pathological results showed pulmonary sequestration with hemorrhage and necrosis, and 4 cases were cured after thoracoscopic surgery. Conclusions: Abdominal pain is often the first or main symptom of pulmonary sequestration with torsion in children, accompanied by or without chest pain. Chest ultrasound and CT can reveal the soft tissue density mass which is not enhanced or slightly enhanced during enhancement, and the blood supply artery is unclear. The effect of resection is well.


Assuntos
Sequestro Broncopulmonar , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/cirurgia , Dor no Peito , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tórax , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 873-879, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496535

RESUMO

Objective: To record occlusal contact of primary dentition at maximal intercuspal position in children with individual normal occlusion. Methods: A total of 57 children were recruited from patients of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Inclusion criteria were that the subjects were 3-5 years old with no visually detectable caries or pupal and periapical diseases, had complete primary dentition, had individual normal occlusion, had normal function of craniofacial system, were medically healthy, could cooperate with sampling and had obtained written informed consent from the parents or guardians. Finally, forty-seven children aged 3 to 5 years old were enrolled, including 24 males and 23 females. The age, height and weight of all subjects were (4.1±0.7) years old (ranging 3.0-5.8 years old), (103.7±7.2) cm (ranging 90-120 cm) and (17.1±2.5) kg (ranging 12.5-22.5 kg), respectively. Occlusal abilities such as occlusal contact area, average bite pressure, maximum bite pressure, maximum bite force and occlusal balance were measured with Dental Prescale Ⅱ system. Results: Maximum bite force and occlusal contact area at intercuspal position in children with primary dentition were (567.40±223.84) N (ranging 226.7-1 154.6 N) and (18.56±6.54) mm2 (ranging 8.4-41.2 mm2), respectively. There was a significantly strong correlation between maximum bite force and occlusal contact area (r=0.954, P<0.01). Height and weight of children were also positively correlated with their maximum bite force (r=0.397, P=0.022 and r=0.453, P=0.008, respectively). Maximum occlusal bite force and contact occlusal area of boys [(651.80±224.34) N and (20.77±6.97) mm2] were significantly higher and larger than those of girls [(479.34±190.45) N and (16.25±5.27) mm2] (P<0.05). Thirty-two of all 47 children had one occlusal contact point with maximum bite pressure, mostly locating within the primary molar region. Bite forces of anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition were (124.12±56.99) N and (450.11±205.09) N, respectively, about (21.82±11.40)% and (71.80±21.35)% of maximum bite force of the whole primary dentition. All of the occlusal balance points located in posterior teeth regions. Occlusal contacts were observed at both anterior and posterior teeth of primary dentition with individual normal occlusion. Conclusions: There was a great variation of maximum bite forces of primary dentitions at intercuspal position of children with individual normal occlusion. Maximum bite force of primary dentition was significantly correlated with occlusal contact area, height and weight of children. Occlusal contact points with maximum bite pressure and occlusal bite balance points of primary dentitions mostly located in primary molar regions.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Oclusão Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
5.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 939-944, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496546

RESUMO

At present, robotic system has been applied in many aspects of the field of prosthetic dentistry, such as tooth preparation, oral implant surgery, full denture arrangement, prosthodontic material testing and robotic education of prosthodontics. The advantages of prosthodontic robotics lie in their ability to perform quantitative and precise operations whilerepeating the work flow indefinitely, which assist dentists to complete heavy and complicated daily treatment. In the research and development of prosthodontic robotics, the limitation of oral operation space should be fully considered, and robotics should have high safety and flexibility. The review briefly summarizes the application and existing problems of robotics in prosthodontics, and provides references for further development and design.


Assuntos
Prostodontia , Cirurgia Bucal , Odontólogos , Humanos , Preparo do Dente
6.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211037248, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515572

RESUMO

In this study, we investigate harnessing fibrocartilage stem cell (FCSC) capacities by regulating tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling for cartilage repair in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA). Stem cell specifics for FCSCs were characterized in the presence of TNF-α. Etanercept as a TNF-α inhibitor and BAY 11-7082 as an Nf-κB inhibitor were used to study TNF-α regulation of FCSCs. Lineage tracing was performed in Gli1-CreERT+;Tmfl/fl mice when etanercept (1 mg/kg, every 3 d) or isometric vehicle was subcutaneously injected to trace specific changes in FCSCs. Surgically induced TMJOA Sprague-Dawley rats were generated with BAY 11-7082 (5 mg/kg, every 3 d) or vehicle subcutaneous injection to investigate the functional role of TNF-α/Nf-κB in TMJOA. Anterior disc displacement (ADD) rabbits were used to analyze the therapeutic effect of etanercept as a TMJOA intra-articular treatment with etanercept (0.02 mg in 100 µL, every 2 wk) or isometric vehicle. In vitro, TNF-α inhibited proliferation of FCSCs and increased FCSC apoptosis. TNF-α activation interfered with osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of FCSCs, while etanercept could partially recover FCSC specificity from TNF-α. FCSC lineage tracing in Gli1-CreERT+;Tmfl/fl mice showed that the chondrogenic capacity of Gli1+ cell lineage was markedly suppressed in osteoarthritis cartilage, the phenotype of which could be significantly rescued by etanercept. Specifically blocking the Nf-κB pathway could significantly weaken the regulatory effect of TNF-α on FCSC specificity in vitro and in TMJOA rats in vivo. Finally, intra-articular etanercept treatment efficiently rescued TMJ cartilage degeneration and growth retardation in ADD rabbits. Inhibition of TNF-α signaling reduced Nf-κB transcripts and recovered FCSC specificities. In vivo, etanercept treatment effectively rescued the osteoarthritis phenotype in TMJOA mice and ADD rabbits. These data suggest a novel therapeutic mechanism whereby TNF-α/Nf-κB inhibition promotes FCSC chondrogenic capacity for cartilage transformation in TMJOA.

7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(9): 973-978, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530582

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the reoperation and perioperative management of residual cyst wall with perineal intractable sinus after resection of presacral cyst tumors. Methods: The clinical data of 29 patients with residual cyst wall and perineal intractable sinus after resection of presacral cyst tumors in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to August 2019 were reviewed, including the characteristics of the residual cyst wall with perineal intractable sinus after resection of presacral cyst tumors, surgical method, and perioperative management. Results: Twenty-nine patients with residual cyst wall and perineal intractable sinus after resection of presacral cyst tumors, including 9 cases of epidermoid cysts, 7 cases of dermoid cysts, 10 cases of mature teratomas and 3 cases of malignant cysts (including malignant transformation of caudate cyst and teratoma); The 29 patients underwent posterior approaches for cyst resection in other hospital before, of whom 1 patient underwent posterior combined with transabdominal approach. All of thes patients underwent resection of residual presacral cyst wall and perineal intractable sinus in our hospital, of whom 25 patients underwent a transperineal approach through an arc-shaped incision anterior to the apex of the coccyx, and the other 4 patients underwent transperineal arc-shaped incision combined with transabdominal approach. All of the patients were cured without serious complications occurring, postoperative pathological and the magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis showed that the residual cyst wall and perineal intractable sinus were all completely removed. Conclusion: Appropriate surgical approache and perioperative treatment for the patients with residual cyst wall and perineal intractable sinus are very important to promote the resection of residual cyst wall and the healing of perineal intractable sinus.


Assuntos
Cistos , Teratoma , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Reoperação , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/cirurgia
8.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 856-865, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530592

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the current status, trend and predictors of thromboembolism risk assessment in patients hospitalized with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in tertiary hospitals in China. Methods: The study was based on data from the Improving Care for Cardiovascular disease in China (CCC)-Atrial Fibrillation (AF) project. About 10% of the tertiary hospitals in each geographic-economic stratum were recruited. Participating hospitals reported the first 10 to 20 patients with a discharge diagnosis of atrial fibrillation monthly. From February 2015 to December 2019, a total of 49 104 NVAF patients from 151 tertiary hospitals in 30 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions were enrolled. Clinical data of the patients was collected. The proportion of NVAF patients receiving thromboembolism risk assessment, variations in the proportion between different hospitals, the time trend of the application of thromboembolism risk assessment, and the predictors of the application of thromboembolism risk assessment were analyzed. Results: The age of the NVAF patients was (68.7±12.1) years, 27 709 patients (56.4%) were male. Only 17 251 patients (35.1%) received thromboembolism risk assessment. The proportion varied substantially between hospitals with the lowest value of 0 and the highest value of 100%. Among the hospitals, which enrolled more than 30 patients, no patients received thromboembolism risk assessment in 18.4% (26/141) of the hospitals, more than 50% of the patients received thromboembolism risk assessment in 21.3% (30/141) of the hospitals, and all the patients received thromboembolism risk assessment in only 1 hospital. The proportion of NVAF patients receiving thromboembolism risk assessment was 16.2% (220/1 362) in the first quarter of 2015, and significantly increased to 67.1% (1 054/1 572) in the last quarter of 2019 (P<0.001). Patients' characteristics were associated with the application of thromboembolism risk assessment. The odds of receiving thromboembolism risk assessment was lower in male patients compared to female patients(OR=0.94,95%CI 0.89-0.99), lower in patients with acute coronary syndrome or other cardiovascular diseases compared to those with AF as the primary admission reason (OR=0.59, 95%CI 0.55-0.63, OR=0.52, 95%CI 0.45-0.61, respectively), and lower in patients with paroxysmal, persistent and long-standing/permanent AF compared to those with first detected AF (OR=0.62, 95%CI 0.57-0.67, OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.66-0.79, OR=0.57, 95%CI 0.52-0.64, respectively). The odds was higher in patients with a history of hypertension, heart failure, stroke/TIA, and previous anticoagulant therapy compared to those without the above conditions (OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.11-1.23, OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.07-1.30, OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.08-1.27, OR=1.28, 95%CI 1.19-1.37, respectively) (P all<0.05). Conclusion: Thromboembolism risk assessment was underused in patients hospitalized with NVAF in tertiary hospitals in China, and there were substantial variations between hospitals in the application of thromboembolism risk assessment. The application of thromboembolism risk assessment in tertiary hospitals has been improved in recent years, but there is still plenty of room for future improvement. Patients' characteristics could affect the application of thromboembolism risk assessment in China.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 912-919, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530600

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of neuregulin-1(NRG-1) on cardiac glucose metabolism in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the sham-operated group, MI group, and MI+NRG1 group. The rat MI model was established via ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Two weeks after operation, echocardiography was performed, MI rats with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between 0.3-0.5 were selected and randomly assigned to MI group and MI+NRG-1 group. Rats in MI+NRG-1 group were treated with recombinant human NRG-1ß (100 µg/kg) via tail vein at 2 weeks after operation (twice per week for 6 weeks); while rats in sham-operated group and MI group received equal volume of physiological saline. By the end of administration, echocardiography and small animal positron emission tomography (PET) were performed to detect cardiac function and myocardial glucose uptake. Myocardial morphology and collagen volume fraction, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were evaluated by histopathologic analysis. Myocardial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and citrate synthase (CS) activity, as well as ATP production were detected by commercial kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, and key factors involved in glucose metabolism (including Glut-4, HK2, PDK4, PDH, CS) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assay, respectively. Results: With the MI model successfully established, the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular shortening fraction(LVFS) were significantly lower in MI group and MI+NRG-1 group than that in sham group (both P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between MI group and MI+NRG-1 group(all P>0.05). After 6 weeks of NRG-1ß intervention, the LVEF and LVFS were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (both P<0.01). By the end of experiment, PET imaging showed that the mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) were lower in MI+NRG-1 group than in the sham group (4.06±0.28 vs. 5.18±0.37, P<0.01), while significantly higher than that in MI group (4.06±0.28 vs.2.86±0.49, P<0.01). Histopathological analysis showed that compared with MI group, rats in MI+NRG-1 group exhibited significantly decreased left ventricle collagen volume fraction ((7.83±1.24) % vs. (18.31±3.58) %, P<0.01), cardiomyocyte apoptosis((37.98±4.26)% vs. (67.04±5.38)%, P<0.01), and DHE fluorescence intensity(0.057 28±0.007 06 vs. 0.076 94±0.008 46, P<0.01), indicating that NRG-1ß could reduce ROS production. PDH activity, CS activity, and ATP production were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.05). qRT-PCR demonstrated an upregulated Glut-4, HK2 and CS, but downregulated PDK4 mRNA expression in MI+NRG-1 group compared with MI group (all P<0.01). Western blot assay showed significantly higher protein expression of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, Glut-4, HK2, PDH, CS in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: NRG-1 could improve glucose uptake and utilization in myocardium by activating phosphorylation of myocardial ErbB4 receptor in MI rats, thus providing a therapeutic option for improving energy metabolism after MI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Neuregulina-1 , Animais , Glucose , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Genes Dev ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531315

RESUMO

Activating mutations in KRAS (KRAS*) are present in nearly all pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cases and critical for tumor maintenance. By using an inducible KRAS* PDAC mouse model, we identified a deubiquitinase USP21-driven resistance mechanism to anti-KRAS* therapy. USP21 promotes KRAS*-independent tumor growth via its regulation of MARK3-induced macropinocytosis, which serves to maintain intracellular amino acid levels for anabolic growth. The USP21-mediated KRAS* bypass, coupled with the frequent amplification of USP21 in human PDAC tumors, encourages the assessment of USP21 as a novel drug target as well as a potential parameter that may affect responsiveness to emergent anti-KRAS* therapy.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(17): 5392-5401, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: DNA damage is an essential risk for intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Here, we attempted to uncover the effect of FoxO6 and RAD51 on the DNA damage repair of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in IDD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected the human NP tissues of different degeneration degrees and tested the collagen II, FoxO6, and RAD51 expression. Besides, the IL-1ß induced NP cell model was also used to elucidate the degenerative progress in vitro. We used Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase reporter assay to confirm whether the FoxO6 protein could enhance the RAD51 expression by binding to its promoter. The FoxO6 gene was upregulated in NP cells by vectors transfection. Immunofluorescence staining was used to measure the RAD51 and γH2AX foci formation. Besides, the typical NP cell gene expression was analyzed by RT-PCR. Cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8, and the cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Like collagen II, FoxO6 and RAD51 expression were all decreased both in the severe degenerated NP tissue and in the IL-1ß treated NP cells. Upregulation of FoxO6 gene in NP cells enhanced the RAD51 expression via activating the promoter region and inhibited the DNA damage marker γH2AX formation. FoxO6 upregulation alleviated the loss of collagen II, aggrecan, SOD1, and CAT, and suppressed the increase of collagen I/X, TNF-α, and IL-1ß expression, which was affected by IL-1ß. Besides, FoxO6 also helped the proliferation and cell cycle of NP cells with the activation of RAD51. CONCLUSIONS: Upregulation of FoxO6 promotes the DNA repair and maintains the typical phenotype of NP cells, via somehow the mediation of RAD51.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488279

RESUMO

Occupational exposure to trichloroethylene can induce a series of immune diseases which include systemic rash, multiple system and organ damage, which are defined as occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene (OMLDT) . This article reviews the research progress of the role of T cell immunity, humoral immunity and complement system in the immunological pathogenesis of OMLDT to provide theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of OMLDT.


Assuntos
Dermatite Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Tricloroetileno , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Humanos , Tricloroetileno/toxicidade
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(36)2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475205

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in men. The widespread use of androgen receptor (AR) inhibitors has generated an increased incidence of AR-negative prostate cancer, triggering the need for effective therapies for such patients. Here, analysis of public genome-wide CRISPR screens in human prostate cancer cell lines identified histone demethylase JMJD1C (KDM3C) as an AR-negative context-specific vulnerability. Secondary validation studies in multiple cell lines and organoids, including isogenic models, confirmed that small hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated depletion of JMJD1C potently inhibited growth specifically in AR-negative prostate cancer cells. To explore the cooperative interactions of AR and JMJD1C, we performed comparative transcriptomics of 1) isogenic AR-positive versus AR-negative prostate cancer cells, 2) AR-positive versus AR-negative prostate cancer tumors, and 3) isogenic JMJD1C-expressing versus JMJD1C-depleted AR-negative prostate cancer cells. Loss of AR or JMJD1C generates a modest tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) signature, whereas combined loss of AR and JMJD1C strongly up-regulates the TNFα signature in human prostate cancer, suggesting TNFα signaling as a point of convergence for the combined actions of AR and JMJD1C. Correspondingly, AR-negative prostate cancer cells showed exquisite sensitivity to TNFα treatment and, conversely, TNFα pathway inhibition via inhibition of its downstream effector MAP4K4 partially reversed the growth defect of JMJD1C-depleted AR-negative prostate cancer cells. Given the deleterious systemic side effects of TNFα therapy in humans and the viability of JMJD1C-knockout mice, the identification of JMJD1C inhibition as a specific vulnerability in AR-negative prostate cancer may provide an alternative drug target for prostate cancer patients progressing on AR inhibitor therapy.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2698-2702, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510876

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of the radical resection with a proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm and 30-35 mm in Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma, to shorten the minimum safe distance of the proximal incisal edge to 20-25 mm. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used. The clinical data of 166 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma who underwent total gastrectomy from January 2017 to August 2020 in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Heji Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College were retrospectively collected. According to the proximal incisal edge length, the patients were divided into two groups: the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group (69 cases) and 30-35 mm group (97 cases). The perioperative conditions and the 6-month follow-up after the operation were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in baseline information between the patients in the two groups (P>0.05). The operations of both groups were completed. The intraoperative operation time of the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group was shorter than that in the proximal incisal edge length of 30-35 mm group ((172±24)and(206±27)min, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the amount of intraoperative blood loss, the treatment of the diaphragm during the operation and the positive rate of intraoperative freezing of the upper incisal edge between the patients in the two groups (all P>0.05). And there was no significant differences in the first exhaust time, gastric tube removal time, first feeding time and hospital stay after the operation of the two groups (all P>0.05). There was no significant differences in the incidence of anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stenosis, reflux esophagitis and intestinal obstruction after the operation between the patients in the two groups (all P>0.05). And there was no anastomotic leakage case among the 69 cases in the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group. Postoperative pathological treatment showed no significant differences in the vascular tumor thrombus and nerve infiltration between the two groups (both P>0.05). During the 6-month follow-up, there was no death or tumor recurrence in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in body weight loss at 6 months after the operation between the two groups (P=0.178). Conclusion: When radical resection of Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma is performed, it is feasible to shorten the minimum safe distance of the proximal incisal edge to 20-25 mm under the premise of ensuring R0 resection. The operation time is shortened. Due to the shortening the incisal edge distance, the anastomotic tension is decreased, and the incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage is also reduced.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521170

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of patients with odontogenic sinusitis (OS) treated by endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Methods: A retrospective investigation was carried out in our 27 (16 males and 11 females) cases with OS aged (49.74±14.42) years old. Subjects were hospitalized between January 2018 and November 2020 from Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital. The medical history, symptoms, result of nasal endoscopy and paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) were analyzed statistically by SPSS 19.0. Results: OS mainly occured on unilateral sinuses, with a duration of (8.56±11.79) months. Seventy point four percent (19/27) of the patients had a course within six-month, only 11% was over 12 months (3/27). Symptoms mostly showed as nasal obstruction (88.9%; 24/27), runny nose (81.5%; 22/27), nasal stinks (16/19) and postnasal drip (10/10). Sixty-three percent (17/27) of the OS patients had a dental history. Nasal endoscopic examination revealed a swelling of the ostiomeatal complex (77.8%; 21/27), medial wall interhal displacement of maxillary sinus (55.6%; 15/27), white emulsion-like purulent secretion in the middle meatus (70.4%; 19/27) and nasal polyps (59.3%; 16/27). Etiology of OS included implant-related problems (14.8%; 4/27) and periodontal disease (85.2%; 23/27). Conclusions: OS is usually unilateral sinusitis with a short history. Its clinical features show nasal stinks, white emulsion-like purulent secretion in the middle meatus and imaging findings of unilateral maxillary sinusitis with tooth-related lesions.


Assuntos
Sinusite Maxilar , Sinusite , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Sinusite Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinusite Maxilar/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 346-352, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the population dynamics and Echinococcus infections in small rodents around human settlement in Yushu City, Qinghai Province. METHODS: Rodents were captured using the mouse trap method in pastures from Batang Township and Longbao Township of Yushu City, Qinghai Province on May, August and October, 2018. The body weight and snout-vent length of all captured rodents were measured, and the species was identified according to the rodent morphology. Genomic DNA was extracted from rodent liver specimens and lesion specimens, and the mitochondrial cox1 gene of Echinococcus was amplified using PCR assay for identification of parasite species. In addition, the tissue specimens positive for PCR assay were sampled for pathological examinations. The prevalence of Echinococcus infections was estimated in rodents, and a phylogenetic tree was created based on Echinococcus cox1 gene sequences. RESULTS: A total of 285 small rodents were captured, including 143 Ochotona curzoniae (50.2%), 141 Lasiopodomys fuscus (49.5%), and 1 Neodon irene (0.3%), and there was a remarkable variation in habitat selection among these three rodent species. The number of L. fuscus correlated positively with vegetation coverage (r = 0.350, P = 0.264), with the greatest number seen in August, and the number of O. curzoniae negatively with vegetation coverage (r = -0.371, P = 0.235), with the highest number seen in August and the lowest number in May. The female/male ratios of O. curzoniae and voles were 1:0.96 and 0.82:1, respectively. The body weight (r = 0.519, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = 0.578, P < 0.01) of O. curzoniae showed a tendency towards a rise with month, while the body weight (r = -0.401, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = -0.570, P < 0.01) of voles presented a tendency towards a reduction with month. No Echinococcus infection was detected in voles, while 2.1% prevalence of E. shiquicus infection was seen in O. curzoniae. Phylogenetic analysis revealed consistent sequences of cox1 gene from E. shiquicus in Yushu City of Qinghai Province and Shiqu County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province. CONCLUSIONS: The small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City of Qinghai Province mainly include O. curzoniae and L. fuscus, with the greatest numbers seen in May and August, respectively. Following the concerted efforts for echinococcosis control, the prevalence of Echinococcus infections is low in small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City; however, there is still a risk of echinococcosis transmission.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Echinococcus/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Filogenia , Dinâmica Populacional , Roedores
18.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 373-379, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and diagnosis of imported malaria before and after malaria elimination in Nanjing City of Jiangsu Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the malaria control strategy after malaria elimination. METHODS: Data pertaining to the epidemic situation and individual investigation of malaria in Nanjing City before (from 2012 to 2016) and after malaria elimination (from 2017 to 2020) were captured from the National Notifiable Communicable Disease Reporting System and the Information System for Parasitic Diseases Control and Prevention and were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: A total of 178 malaria cases were reported in Nanjing City from 2012 to 2020, and all were imported cases. There were 99 malaria cases reported before malaria elimination in Nanjing City, including 78 cases with Plasmodium falciparum malaria (78.79%), 5 cases with P. vivax malaria (5.05%), 10 cases with P. ovale malaria (10.10%), 3 cases with P. malariae malaria (3.03%) and 3 cases with mixed infections (3.03%), and 79 malaria cases reported after elimination, including 63 cases with P. falciparum malaria (79.75%), 5 cases with P. vivax malaria (6.33%), 9 cases with P. ovale malaria (11.39%), 2 cases with P. malariae malaria (2.53%). There was no significant difference in the proportion of each type of malaria cases in Nanjing City before and after malaria elimination (χ2 =2.400, P > 0.05). Malaria cases mainly acquired Plasmodium infections in African regions, and no significant difference was seen in the proportion of malaria cases returning to Nanjing City from African countries before and after malaria elimination (χ2 = 0.093, P > 0.05). The number of malaria cases peaked in Nanjing City in January and during the period from May to July before elimination, and there was no apparent seasonal variation in the distribution of malaria cases after elimination. The proportion of malaria cases living in Nanjing City was significantly greater after malaria elimination than before elimination (72.15% vs. 55.56%; χ2 = 5.187, P = 0.023). The proportions of businessmen and international students were both 5.05% before malaria elimination, and increased to 15.19% and 13.92% after elimination, respectively (χ2 = 5.229 and 4.229, both P values < 0.05). The percentage of definitive diagnosis of malaria at initial diagnosis was 18.75% in county-level hospitals before malaria elimination and increased to 61.11% after elimination (χ2 = 6.275, P = 0.012), while the proportion of malaria cases with definitive diagnoses in county-level hospitals was 4.04% before malaria elimination and increased to 13.92% after elimination (χ2 = 5.562, P = 0.018). During the period from 2012 to 2020, the proportion of malaria cases with definitive diagnoses within 1 to 3 days post-admission increased from 27.27% in Nanjing City before malaria elimination to 45.57% after elimination (χ2 = 6.433, P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The epidemic situation of imported malaria remains serious in Nanjing City during the post-elimination stage, and malaria parasite infections predominantly occur in African regions. In addition, there are changes in regional and occupational distributions of malaria cases and the diagnostic capability of malaria increases in county-level hospitals in Nanjing City after malaria elimination. Further improvements in the malaria surveillance system and the diagnostic and treatment capability of malaria in medical institutions at each level are required to consolidate malaria elimination achievements in Nanjing City.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Malária Falciparum , Malária Vivax , Malária , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle
19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 401-405, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and changing trend of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Shandong Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the adjustment and development of the enterobiasis control strategy. METHODS: Soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites were assigned in 51 counties (districts, cities) in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the E. vermicularis infections were detected using a modified Kato-Katz technique and the cellophane tape method among children at ages of 3 to 9 years living in these surveillance sites. The epidemiological profiles of E. vermicularis-infected children were descriptively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5 060 children at ages of 3 to 9 years were detected in 51 soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.23%. The annual prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 3.99% (26/651), 1.70% (14/824), 0.96% (8/837), 2.90% (45/1 552) and 1.67% (20/1 196) from 2016 to 2020, respectively, with a significant difference detected among years (χ2 = 21.455, P < 0.01). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 1.25% (15/1 198), 1.85% (14/755), 3.18% (84/2 640) and 0 (0/467) among children from central, eastern, southern and northern Shandong Province (χ2 = 27.326, P < 0.01). In addition, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections between male (1.98%, 56/2 831) and female children (2.56%, 57/2 229) (χ2 = 1.916, P > 0.05); however, there was age-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 16.448, P < 0.05), with the greatest prevalence detected among children at ages of 6 years (3.18%, 25/786), and the lowest prevalence seen among children at ages of 3 years (0.75%, 6/800). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections remained at a medium level among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, with region-specific prevalence found across the province. An integrated strategy is required for enterobiasis control.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Infecções por Nematoides , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cidades , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Solo
20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 424-429, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505454

RESUMO

Food-borne parasitic diseases include meat-borne, fish-borne, plant-borne, water-borne, mollusk-borne and freshwater crustacean-borne parasitic diseases. The review summarizes the current status and control of 6 major food-borne parasitic diseases in China, including clonorchiasus, paragonimiasis, Taenia solium taeniasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and angiostrongyliasis, aiming to increase the understanding of food-borne parasitic diseases and provide insights into the development of the control strategy for food-borne parasitic diseases. The transmission of food-borne parasitic diseases are predominantly associated with diet, and neither eating raw nor semi-cooked food is the most effective measure to prevent the development of food-borne parasitic diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos , Doenças Parasitárias , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Parasitologia de Alimentos , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Doenças Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias/prevenção & controle , Zoonoses
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...