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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594973

RESUMO

Background The paradoxical occurrence of psoriasis triggered by Interleukin-17 (IL-17) inhibitors is notable due to its prominent symptoms and the therapeutic dilemma it presents for follow-up care. Objective To describe cases in our clinic, perform an in-depth literature review, and suggest the most probable mechanisms of action. Method We conducted a literature review on published cases of IL-17 inhibitor-induced psoriasis. Results We found 22 articles reporting 30 cases of IL-17 inhibitor-induced paradoxical psoriasis, primarily observed in patients with a previous psoriasis history. Almost 60% of cases showed a change in lesion morphology, with the plaque or pustular type being prevalent. About 73.3% of patients had to discontinue the implicated drug, leading to partial or complete symptom resolution. The mechanism behind this response seemed to involve IL-17 inhibitors downregulating Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-α), subsequently upregulating plasmacytoid dendritic cells and triggering unopposed IFN-alpha (IFN-α) production. Limitation Data are confined to case reports and case series. Conclusion More assertive measures are recommended for treating paradoxical psoriasis induced by IL-17 inhibitors than those caused by TNF-α inhibitors. Reintroducing an IL-17 inhibitor is not advised, as patients did not show improvement.

2.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 68(4): e2200771, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356045

RESUMO

SCOPE: Early diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by chronic inflammation, excessive oxidative stress, and retinal microvascular damage. Syringaresinol (SYR), as a natural polyphenolic compound, has been proved to inhibit many disease progression due to its antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study focuses on exploring the effect of SYR on hyperglycemia-induced early DR as well as the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type (WT) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-knockout C57BL/6 mice of type 1 diabetes and high glucose (HG)-induced RF/6A cells are used as in vivo and in vitro models, respectively. This study finds that SYR protects the retinal structure and function in diabetic mice and reduces the permeability and apoptosis of HG-treated RF/6A cells. Meanwhile, SYR distinctly mitigates inflammation and oxidative stress in vivo and vitro. The retinal microvascular damages are suppressed by SYR via downregulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. Whereas, SYR-provided protective effects are diminished in Nrf2-knockout mice, indicating that SYR improves DR progression by activating Nrf2. Similarly, SYR cannot exert protective effects against HG-induced oxidative stress and endothelial injury in small interfering RNA (siRNA)-Nrf2-transfected RF/6A cells. CONCLUSION: In summary, SYR suppresses oxidative stress via activating Nrf2 antioxidant pathway, which ameliorates retinal microvascular damage by downregulating HIF-1α/VEGF, thereby alleviating early DR progression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Retinopatia Diabética , Furanos , Lignanas , Camundongos , Animais , Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(2): 1228-1243, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181223

RESUMO

It is widely accepted that prevéraison application of naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) can delay the ripening of grapes and improve their quality. However, how NAA impacts grape aroma compound concentrations remains unclear. This study incorporated the analyses of aroma metabolome, phytohormones, and transcriptome of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon grapes cultivated in continental arid/semiarid regions of western China. The analyses demonstrated that NAA application increased ß-damascenone and 1,1,6-trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) in the harvested grapes by delaying véraison and upregulating VvPSY1 and VvCCD4b expressions. Additionally, NAA treatment decreased 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine (IBMP) at the same phenological stage. Notably, abscisic acid (ABA) levels increased in NAA-treated grapes during véraison, which triggered further changes in norisoprenoid metabolisms. The ABA-responsive factor VvABF2 was potentially involved in VvPSY1 positive modulation, while the auxin response factor VvARF10 may play a role in VvCCD4b upregulation and VvOMT2 downregulation during NAA induction. VvARF10 possibly acts as a crosstalk node between the ABA and auxin signaling pathways following NAA treatment in regulating aroma biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Vitis , Vinho , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Vitis/genética , Vitis/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Odorantes/análise , Transcriptoma , Frutas/química , Metaboloma , Ácidos Naftalenoacéticos/análise , Vinho/análise
4.
Toxicon ; 238: 107588, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38147939

RESUMO

Pest insects pose a heavy burden on global agricultural industries with small molecule insecticides being predominantly used for their control. Unwanted side effects and resistance development plagues most small molecule insecticides such as the neonicotinoids, which have been reported to be harmful to honeybees. Bioinsecticides like Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins can be used as environmentally-friendly alternatives. Arachnid venoms comprise another promising source of bioinsecticides, containing a multitude of selective and potent insecticidal toxins. Unfortunately, no standardised insect models are currently available to assess the suitability of insecticidal agents under laboratory conditions. Thus, we aimed to develop a laboratory model that closely mimics field conditions by employing a leaf disk assay (LDA) for oral application of insecticidal agents in a bioassay tray format. Neonate larvae of the cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) were fed with soybean (Glycine max) leaves that were treated with different insecticidal agents. We observed dose-dependent insecticidal effects for Bt toxin and the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid, with imidacloprid exhibiting a faster response. Furthermore, we identified several insecticidal arachnid venoms that were active when co-applied with sub-lethal doses of Bt toxin. We propose the H. armigera LDA as a suitable tool for assessing the insecticidal effects of insecticidal agents against lepidopterans.


Assuntos
Venenos de Artrópodes , Bacillus thuringiensis , Inseticidas , Mariposas , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Toxinas Biológicas , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Animais , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Toxinas de Bacillus thuringiensis/farmacologia , Larva , Insetos , Toxinas Biológicas/farmacologia , Venenos de Artrópodes/farmacologia , Bioensaio , Folhas de Planta , Proteínas de Bactérias/farmacologia , Proteínas Hemolisinas/toxicidade , Endotoxinas , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Resistência a Inseticidas
5.
Brain Res ; 1819: 148543, 2023 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37611887

RESUMO

Intermittent exotropia (IXT) is characterizedby an intermittent outward deviation of the eyes. Yet, the neural substrates associated with IXT are not fully understood. This study investigated brain structure and spontaneous functional activity changes in children with IXT. All participants underwent detailed ophthalmological examinations and multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning. During functional scanning, binocular visual stimuli were presented to subjects to determine brain areas involved in visual and oculomotor processing. Regions of interest(ROI) were subsequently selected based on functional activation to investigate brain structural and spontaneous functional differences between IXT children and healthy controls (HCs) using small volume correction (SVC). Reduced gray matter density (GMD) was found in the right frontal eye field (FEF) and bilateral inferior parietal lobe (IPL) in IXT children compared with HCs. Besides, reduced fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) values were observed in the left lingual gyrus, right inferior occipital gyrus (IOG), bilateral IPL, and bilateral cerebellum in the IXT children compared to the HCs. IXT children with worse eye position control ability exhibited lower GMD and fALFF values in these areas. Finally, resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) was reduced in frontoparietal oculomotor processing areas in IXT children compared to HCs. In addition, increased cortical thickness was found in the right visual areas and bilateral IPL. These results showed that IXT-related structural and functional brain abnormalities occurred in childhood and may be related to underlying neuropathological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Exotropia , Humanos , Criança , Exotropia/patologia , Encéfalo , Cerebelo/patologia , Lobo Parietal , Substância Cinzenta , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
6.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 44(15): 5002-5012, 2023 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37539805

RESUMO

To explore the functional changes of the frontal eye field (FEF) and relevant brain regions and its role in the pathogenesis of intermittent exotropia (IXT) children via functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Twenty-four IXT children (mean age, 11.83 ± 1.93 years) and 28 normal control (NC) subjects (mean age, 11.11 ± 1.50 years) were recruited. During fMRI scans, the IXT children and NCs were provided with static visual stimuli (to evoke sensory fusion) and dynamic visual stimuli (to evoke motor fusion and vergence eye movements) with binocular disparity. Brain activation in the relevant brain regions and clinical characteristics were evaluated. Group differences of brain activation and brain-behavior correlations were investigated. For dynamic and static visual disparity relative to no visual disparity, reduced brain activation in the right FEF and right inferior occipital gyrus (IOG), and increased brain activation in the left middle temporal gyrus complex (MT+) were found in the IXT children compared with NCs. Significant positive correlations between the fusional vergence amplitude and the brain activation values were found in the right FEF, right IPL, and left cerebellum in the NC group. Positive correlations between brain activation values and Newcastle Control Scores (NCS) were found in the left MT+ in the IXT group. For dynamic visual disparity relative to static visual disparity, reduced brain activation in the right middle occipital gyrus, left cerebellum, and bilateral IPL was found in the IXT children compared with NCs. Significant positive correlations between brain activation values and the fusional vergence amplitude were found in the right FEF and right cerebellum in the NC group. Negative correlations between brain activation values and NCS were found in the right middle occipital gyrus, right cerebellum, left IPL, and right FEF in the IXT group. These results suggest that the reduced brain activation in the right FEF, left IPL, and cerebellum may play an important role in the pathogenesis of IXT by influencing fusional vergence function. While the increased brain activation in the left MT+ may compensate for this dysfunction in IXT children.


Assuntos
Exotropia , Lobo Frontal , Exotropia/diagnóstico por imagem , Exotropia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Frontal/fisiopatologia , Mapeamento Encefálico
7.
Molecules ; 28(16)2023 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37630191

RESUMO

The molecular characteristics and formation mechanism of biogenic secondary organic aerosols (BSOAs) in the forested atmosphere are poorly known. Here, we report the temporal variations in and formation processes of BSOA tracers derived from isoprene, monoterpenes, and ß caryophyllene in PM2.5 samples collected at the foot of Mt. Huang (483 m a. s. l) in East China during the summer of 2019 with a 3 h time resolution. The concentrations of nearly all of the detected species, including organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), levoglucosan, and SIA (sum of SO42-, NO3-, and NH4+), were higher at night (19:00-7:00 of the next day) than in the daytime (7:00-19:00). In addition, air pollutants that accumulated by the dynamic transport of the mountain breeze at night were also a crucial reason for the higher BSOA tracers. Most of the BSOA tracers exhibited higher concentrations at night than in the daytime and peaked at 1:00 to 4:00 or 4:00 to 7:00. Those BSOA tracers presented strong correlations with O3 in the daytime rather than at night, indicating that BSOAs in the daytime were primarily derived from the photo-oxidation of BVOCs with O3. The close correlations of BSOA tracers with SO42- and particle acidity (pHis) suggest that BSOAs were primarily derived from the acid-catalyzed aqueous-phase oxidation. Considering the higher relative humidity and LWC concentration at night, the promoted aqueous oxidation was the essential reason for the higher concentrations of BSOA tracers at night. Moreover, levoglucosan exhibited a robust correlation with BSOA tracers, especially ß-caryophyllinic acid, suggesting that biomass burning from long-distance transport exerted a significant impact on BSOA formation. Based on a tracer-based method, the estimated concentrations of secondary organic carbon (SOC) derived from isoprene, monoterpenes, and ß caryophyllene at night (0.90 ± 0.57 µgC m-3) were higher than those (0.53 ± 0.34 µgC m-3) in the daytime, accounting for 14.5 ± 8.5% and 12.2 ± 5.0% of OC, respectively. Our results reveal that the BSOA formation at the foot of Mt. Huang was promoted by the mountain-valley breezes and anthropogenic pollutants from long-range transport.

8.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 42(1): 190, 2023 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37525222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug resistance limits the treatment effect of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to explore the cause of cisplatin resistance in HNSCC. METHODS: We performed survival and gene set variation analyses based on HNSCC cohorts and identified the critical role of tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 2 (TNFAIP2) in cisplatin-based chemotherapy resistance. Half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) examination, colony formation assays and flow cytometry assays were conducted to examine the role of TNFAIP2 in vitro, while xenograft models in nude mice and 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4NQO)-induced HNSCC models in C57BL/6 mice were adopted to verify the effect of TNFAIP2 in vivo. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and coimmunoprecipitation coupled with mass spectrometry (Co-IP/MS) were performed to determine the mechanism by which TNFAIP2 promotes cisplatin resistance. RESULTS: High expression of TNFAIP2 is associated with a poor prognosis, cisplatin resistance, and low reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in HNSCC. Specifically, it protects cancer cells from cisplatin-induced apoptosis by inhibiting ROS-mediated c-JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation. Mechanistically, the DLG motif contained in TNFAIP2 competes with nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) by directly binding to the Kelch domain of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1), which prevents NRF2 from undergoing ubiquitin proteasome-mediated degradation. This results in the accumulation of NRF2 and confers cisplatin resistance. Positive correlations between TNFAIP2 protein levels and NRF2 as well as its downstream target genes were validated in HNSCC specimens. Moreover, the small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TNFAIP2 significantly enhanced the cisplatin treatment effect in a 4NQO-induced HNSCC mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal the antioxidant and cisplatin resistance-regulating roles of the TNFAIP2/KEAP1/NRF2/JNK axis in HNSCC, suggesting that TNFAIP2 might be a potential target in improving the cisplatin treatment effect, particularly for patients with cisplatin resistance.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo
9.
Nurs Open ; 10(8): 5293-5305, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37431277

RESUMO

AIM: To examine specific correlates that may affect retention outcomes of neural stem cell therapy trials in families screened for cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A prospective correlational study. METHODS: Primary caregivers completed surveys of psychological resilience, care burden and family caregiver tasks. The overall data and differences between groups were analysed and compared. RESULTS: Resilience was negatively correlated with the care ability and closely related to the monthly household income and educational level of the caregivers. Factors affecting the final retention rate included the type of disease, number of combined disorders, monthly household income, primary caregivers' education level and resilience. CONCLUSION: Economic level, literacy and psychological status may affect trial retention. These findings can provide tips for preparing for subsequent screening, identification and intervention in stem cell clinical trials. IMPLICATION FOR THE PROFESSION AND/OR PATIENT CARE: The study results may provide nursing care tips to make recruitment more efficient, reduce trial costs, support patient-centredness and accelerate trial progress. NO PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: The target population involves the primary caregivers of children living with cerebral palsy. However, neither patients nor the public contributed to the design or conduct of the study, analysis, or interpretation of the data, or preparation of the manuscript.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Paralisia Cerebral , Criança , Humanos , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Células-Tronco Neurais , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
10.
Plant Physiol ; 193(3): 2055-2070, 2023 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37471439

RESUMO

Norisoprenoids and flavonols are important secondary metabolites in grape berries (Vitis vinifera L.). The former is a class of ubiquitous flavor and fragrance compounds produced by the cleavage of carotenoids, and the latter, which is derived from the flavonoid metabolic pathway, has been proposed as a general quality marker for red grapes. However, the transcriptional regulatory mechanisms underlying norisoprenoid and flavonol production are still not fully understood. In this study, we characterized a transcription factor, VvWRKY70, as a repressor of both norisoprenoid and flavonol biosynthesis in grape berries, and its expression was downregulated by light and high-temperature treatment. Overexpressing VvWRKY70 in grape calli reduced norisoprenoid and flavonol production, particularly under light exposure or at high temperature, by repressing the expression of several related genes in the isoprenoid and flavonoid metabolic pathways. VvWRKY70 downregulated ß-CAROTENE HYDROXYLASE 2 (VvBCH2) and CHALCONE SYNTHASE 3 (VvCHS3) expression based on yeast 1-hybrid analysis combined with electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative PCR. We discuss the role of VvWRKY70 in the coordinated regulatory network of isoprenoid and flavonoid metabolism. These findings provide a theoretical basis to improve flavor, color, and other comprehensive qualities of fruit crops and their processing products.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição , Vitis , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Vitis/genética , Vitis/metabolismo , Norisoprenoides/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonóis/metabolismo , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 895: 165116, 2023 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37364833

RESUMO

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) exerts a considerable influence on atmospheric chemistry. However, little information about the vertical distribution of SOA in the alpine setting is available, which limited the simulation of SOA using chemical transport models. Here, a total of 15 biogenic and anthropogenic SOA tracers were measured in PM2.5 aerosols at both the summit (1840 m a.s.l.) and foot (480 m a.s.l.) of Mt. Huang during the winter of 2020 to explore their vertical distribution and formation mechanism. Most of the determined chemical species (e.g., BSOA and ASOA tracers, carbonaceous components, major inorganic ions) and gaseous pollutants at the foot of Mt. Huang were 1.7-3.2 times higher concentrations than those at the summit, suggesting the relatively more significant effect of anthropogenic emissions at the ground level. The ISORROPIA-II model showed that aerosol acidity increases as altitude decreases. Air mass trajectories, potential source contribution function (PSCF), and correlation analysis of BSOA tracers with temperature revealed that SOA at the foot of Mt. Huang was mostly derived from the local oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), while SOA at the summit was mainly influenced by long-distance transport. The robust correlations of BSOA tracers with anthropogenic pollutants (e.g., NH3, NO2, and SO2) (r = 0.54-0.91, p < 0.05) indicated that anthropogenic emissions could promote BSOA productions in the mountainous background atmosphere. Moreover, most of SOA tracers (r = 0.63-0.96, p < 0.01) and carbonaceous species (r = 0.58-0.81, p < 0.01) were correlated well with levoglucosan in all samples, suggesting that biomass burning played an important role in the mountain troposphere. This work demonstrated that daytime SOA at the summit of Mt. Huang was significantly influenced by the valley breeze in winter. Our results provide new insights into the vertical distributions and provenance of SOA in the free troposphere over East China.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(4): 1841-1851, 2023 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37040935

RESUMO

PM2.5 and ozone co-pollution, which are harmful to not only human health but also the social economy, has become the pivotal issue in air pollution prevention and synergistic control, especially in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and its surrounding areas and "2+26" cities. It is necessary to analyze the correlation between PM2.5 and ozone concentration and explore the mechanism of PM2.5 and ozone co-pollution. In order to study the characteristics of PM2.5 and ozone co-pollution in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei with its surrounding area, ArcGIS and SPSS software were used to analyze the correlation between air quality data and meteorological data of the "2+26" cities in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and its surrounding areas from 2015 to 2021. The results indicated:① PM2.5 pollution constantly decreased from 2015 to 2021, and the pollution was concentrated in the central and southern parts of the region; ozone pollution showed a trend of fluctuation and presented a pattern of "low in the southwest and high in the northeast" spatially. In terms of seasonal variation, PM2.5concentration was mainly in the order of winter>spring ≈ autumn>summer, and O3-8h concentration was in the order of summer>spring>autumn>winter. ② In the research area, days with PM2.5 exceeding the standard continued to decline, whereas days with ozone exceeding the standard fluctuated, and days with co-pollution decreased significantly; there was a strong positive correlation between PM2.5 and ozone concentration in summer, with the highest correlation coefficient of 0.52, and a strong negative correlation in winter. ③ Comparing the meteorological conditions of typical cities during the ozone pollution period with that of the co-pollution period, the co-pollution occurred under the temperature range of 23.7-26.5℃, humidity of 48%-65%, and S-SE wind direction.

14.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 14(1): 23, 2023 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36759901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neural stem cells (NSCs) are believed to have the most therapeutic potential for neurological disorders because they can differentiate into various neurons and glial cells. This research evaluated the safety and efficacy of intranasal administration of NSCs in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The functional brain network (FBN) analysis based on electroencephalogram (EEG) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis based on T1-weighted images were performed to evaluate functional and structural changes in the brain. METHODS: A total of 25 CP patients aged 3-12 years were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 15), which received an intranasal infusion of NSCs loaded with nasal patches and rehabilitation therapy, or the control group (n = 10) received rehabilitation therapy only. The primary endpoints were the safety (assessed by the incidence of adverse events (AEs), laboratory and imaging examinations) and the changes in the Gross Motor Function Measure-88 (GMFM-88), the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale, the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC), and some adapted scales. The secondary endpoints were the FBN and VBM analysis. RESULTS: There were only four AEs happened during the 24-month follow-up period. There was no significant difference in the laboratory examinations before and after treatment, and the magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormal nasal and intracranial masses. Compared to the control group, patients in the treatment group showed apparent improvements in GMFM-88 and ADL 24 months after treatment. Compared with the baseline, the scale scores of the Fine Motor Function, Sociability, Life Adaptability, Expressive Ability, GMFM-88, and ADL increased significantly in the treatment group 24 months after treatment, while the SDSC score decreased considerably. Compared with baseline, the FBN analysis showed a substantial decrease in brain network energy, and the VBM analysis showed a significant increase in gray matter volume in the treatment group after NSCs treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that intranasal administration of NSCs was well-tolerated and potentially beneficial in children with CP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03005249, registered 29 December 2016, https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov/ct2/show/NCT03005249 ) and the Medical Research Registration Information System (CMR-20161129-1003).


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Células-Tronco Neurais , Criança , Humanos , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Atividades Cotidianas , Administração Intranasal , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 39(3): 621-639, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640193

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the serious complications of diabetes that has limited treatment options. As a lytic inflammatory cell death, pyroptosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of DN. Syringaresinol (SYR) possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, the therapeutic effects and the underlying mechanism of SYR in DN remain unclear. Herein, we showed that SYR treatment ameliorated renal hypertrophy, fibrosis, mesangial expansion, glomerular basement membrane thickening, and podocyte foot process effacement in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Mechanistically, SYR prevented the abundance of pyroptosis-related proteins such as NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase 1 (Caspase-1), and gasdermin D (GSDMD), and the biosynthesis of inflammatory cytokines interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin 18 (IL-18). In addition, SYR promoted the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and enhanced the downstream antioxidant enzymes heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), thereby effectively decreasing excess reactive oxygen species (ROS). Most importantly, knockout of NRF2 abolished SYR-mediated renoprotection and anti-pyroptotic activities in NRF2-KO diabetic mice. Collectively, SYR inhibited the NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD pyroptosis pathway by upregulating NRF2 signaling in DN. These findings suggested that SYR may be promising a therapeutic option for DN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Camundongos , Animais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Piroptose , Caspases
16.
Front Pediatr ; 11: 1297563, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250587

RESUMO

Objective: Holistic care is a key element in nursing care. Aiming at the heterogeneous disease of cerebral palsy, researchers focused on children with cerebral palsy who received transnasal transplantation of neural stem cells as a specific group. Based on establishing a multidisciplinary team, comprehensive care is carried out for this type of patient during the perioperative period to improve the effectiveness and safety of clinical research and increase the comfort of children. Methods: Between January 2018 and June 2023, 22 children with cerebral palsy underwent three transnasal transplants of neural stem cells. Results: No adverse reactions related to immune rejection were observed in the 22 children during hospitalization and follow-up. All children tolerated the treatment well, and the treatment was superior. One child developed nausea and vomiting after sedation; three had a small amount of bleeding of nasal mucosa after transplantation. Two children had a low fever (≤38.5°C), and one had a change in the type and frequency of complex partial seizures. Moreover, 3 children experienced patch shedding within 4 h of patch implantation into the nasal cavity. Conclusion: The project team adopted nasal stem cell transplantation technology. Based on the characteristics of transnasal transplantation of neural stem cells in the treatment of neurological diseases in children, a comprehensive and novel holistic care plan is proposed. It is of great significance to guide caregivers of children to complete proper care, further improve the safety and effectiveness of treatment, and reduce the occurrence of complications.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1046134, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457536

RESUMO

Phalaenopsis-type Dendrobium is a popular orchid with good ornamental and market value. Despite their popularity, molecular regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis during flower development remains poorly understood. In this study, we systematically investigated the regulatory roles of the transcription factors DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 in anthocyanins biosynthesis. Gene expression analyses indicated that both DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 are specifically expressed in flowers and have similar expression patterns, showing high expression in purple floral tissues with anthocyanin accumulation. Transcriptomic analyses showed 29 differentially expressed genes corresponding to eight enzymes in anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway have similar expression patterns to DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1, with higher expression in the purple lips than the yellow petals and sepals of Dendrobium 'Suriya Gold'. Further gene expression analyses and Pearson correlation matrix analyses of Dendrobium hybrid progenies revealed expression profiles of DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 were positively correlated with the structural genes DhF3'H1, DhF3'5'H2, DhDFR, DhANS, and DhGT4. Yeast one-hybrid and dual-luciferase reporter assays revealed DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 can bind to promoter regions of DhF3'H1, DhF3'5'H2, DhDFR, DhANS and DhGT4, suggesting a role as transcriptional activators. These results provide new evidence of the molecular mechanisms of DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 in anthocyanin biosynthesis in Phalaenopsis-type Dendrobium.

18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 917781, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106164

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of refractive errors (REs) in school children aged 6-18 years in urban and rural settings in Dalian, Northeast of China. Methods: This is a school-based cross-sectional survey using multi-stage randomization technique. Six- to eighteen-year-old school children from elementary schools, junior and senior high schools from a rural area and an urban area in Dalian were included in December 2018. All subjects underwent a comprehensive questionnaire and eye examination. Results: A total of 4,522 school children with 6-18 years of age were investigated. The age, gender-adjusted prevalence of myopia, and anisometropia were 82.71 and 7.27% among the urban students as compared to 71.76% and 5.41% among the rural ones (OR = 1.80, 95 % CI = 1.53 - 2.11, P < 0.001; OR = 1.29, 95 % CI = 1.00-1.67, P = 0.049), respectively. The hyperopia was less common in urban students than in rural ones (5.63 vs. 10.21%; OR = 0.54, 95 % CI: 0.43-0.67, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in prevalence of astigmatism between urban (46.07%) and rural (44.69%) participants (OR = 0.96, 95 % CI: 0.84-1.10, P = 0.559). The differences on prevalence of REs were attributed to different social-demographic and physiologic factors. Conclusions: The students from urban settings are more likely to have myopia and anisometropia but less likely to have hyperopia than their rural counterparts. Although considerable attention had been paid to controlling REs, it is necessary to further consider the urban-rural differences in REs.


Assuntos
Anisometropia , Hiperopia , Miopia , Erros de Refração , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hiperopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144901

RESUMO

In this paper, the photoluminescence (PL) properties and surface morphology of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) structures with the hydrogen (H2) heat treatment of InGaN are investigated to elucidate the effect of hydrogen on the structure and surface of the MQWs. The experimental results show that the H2 heat treatment on the as-grown MQWs may lead to the decomposition of InGaN and the formation of inhomogeneous In clusters. The atomic force microscope (AFM) study indicates that although the surface roughness of the uncapped samples increases after H2 treatment, the V-defects are suppressed. Moreover, the luminescence efficiency of the MQWs can be effectively improved by growing a GaN cap layer with an appropriate thickness on the top of the MQWs, which can reduce the effects of the H2 atmosphere and high temperature on the MQWs. In addition, a morphologic transformation from step bunching to shallow steps occurs and a much smoother surface can be obtained when a thicker cap layer is adopted.

20.
J Comp Pathol ; 197: 44-52, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089296

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate critically the nature and prevalence of histological pulmonary lesions in dogs and cats that had died or were euthanized because of tick paralysis. A retrospective and prospective case study of 11 cats and 23 dogs was carried out. Retrospective cases were gathered from the Veterinary Laboratory Services database at The University of Queensland (UQ). Prospective cases were provided by Veterinary Specialist Services and UQ VETs Small Animal Hospital. Lung and other tissue samples were collected for histopathological analysis. All tick intoxicated animals demonstrated evidence of pulmonary parenchymal changes: alveolar oedema, interstitial and alveolar congestion and alveolar fibrin exudation. Eleven of 23 (48%) dogs exhibited mild to severe bronchopneumonia. A lower rate (18%) of bronchopneumonia was found in cats, with one case of aspiration pneumonia. A novel pulmonary histological grading scheme was developed to evaluate the correlation between clinical presentation and histopathological changes. Novel extrapulmonary lesions in cats included hepatic necrosis and acute renal tubular necrosis attributed to hypoxia. We concluded that both dogs and cats with high clinical grade tick paralysis are extremely likely to have pulmonary pathology. High-protein oedema and fibrin exudation are predicted to be present in most cases of canine and feline tick paralysis.


Assuntos
Broncopneumonia , Doenças do Gato , Doenças do Cão , Paralisia por Carrapato , Animais , Broncopneumonia/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/patologia , Gatos , Doenças do Cão/patologia , Cães , Fibrina , Pulmão/patologia , Necrose/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos , Paralisia por Carrapato/epidemiologia , Paralisia por Carrapato/patologia , Paralisia por Carrapato/veterinária
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