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1.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 334-341, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate mental and physical health comorbidity with chronic back or neck pain in the Chinese population, and assess the level of disability associated with chronic back or neck pain. METHODS: Data were derived from a large-scale and nationally representative community survey of adult respondents on mental health disorders in China (n = 28,140). Chronic back or neck pain, other chronic pain conditions and chronic physical conditions were assessed by self-report. Mental disorders were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Role disability during the past 30 days was assessed with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II). RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of chronic back or neck pain was 10.8%. Most of respondents with chronic back or neck pain (71.2%) reported at least one other comorbid condition, including other chronic pain conditions (53.4%), chronic physical conditions (37.9%), and mental disorders (23.9%). It was found by logistic regression that mood disorders (OR = 3.7, 95%CI:2.8-4.8) showed stronger association with chronic back or neck pain than anxiety disorders and substance disorders. Most common chronic pains and physical conditions were significantly associated with chronic back or neck pain. Chronic back or neck pain was associated with role disability after controlling for demographics and for comorbidities. Physical and mental comorbidities explained 0.7% of the association between chronic back or neck pain and role disability. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic back or neck pain and physical-mental comorbidity is very common in China and chronic back or neck pain may increase the likelihood of other physical and mental diseases. This presents a great challenge for both clinical treatment and public health education. We believe that further study needs to be conducted to improve the diagnostic and management skills for comorbidity conditions.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112843, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509788

RESUMO

An UHPLC method was developed for the determination of 15 prenylflavonoids from aerial parts of Epimedium grandiflorum and related species (Berberidaceae). The separation was achieved using a reverse phased column and water/acetonitrile gradient as a mobile phase at a temperature of 40°C. The developed analytical method was validated for linearity, limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ), stability and repeatability. The LOD and LOQ were found to be in the range from 0.1-0.5 µg/mL and 0.3-1 µg/mL, respectively. The wavelength used for quantification with the photodiode array detector was 269 nm. The total content of 15 prenylflavonoids was 9.1-20.6 mg/g for E. grandiflorum (except for sample #2899 and #20862), 5.6-35.4 mg/g for E. brevicornu and 10.8-30.5 mg/g for E. sagittatum. Twenty dietary supplements contained in the range from 0.1 to 81.7 mg/day. The developed method is simple, rapid and especially suitable for quality assessment of E. grandiflorum and dietary supplements containing E. grandiflorum. Liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (LC-QToF) is described for the identification and confirmation of compounds in plant samples and dietary supplements. This technique is also used for chemical profiling of Epimedium samples. This method involved the use of protonated ions in the positive ion mode and deprotonated ions in the negative ion mode with extracted ion chromatogram (EIC). Chemometric analytical tools for visualizing the plant and commercial samples quality were used for discriminating between Epimedium species and dietary supplements with regards to the relative content or presence of components. A HPTLC method was also developed for the fast chemical fingerprint analysis of Epimedium species.

3.
Angiology ; 71(1): 92-93, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466460
4.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 713-722, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385350

RESUMO

Small for gestational age (SGA) has a high risk of mortality and morbidity and is common in obstetrics. To date, no effective prediction and treatment tools are available. Acting as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and disease biomarkers are clear functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs). However, it is still unknown what role circRNAs act in SGA. To explore the role of circRNAs in SGA, circRNA expression patterns of the umbilical cord and maternal plasma in SGA was assessed. We first evaluated circRNAs in umbilical cord blood of the SGA and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) groups by microarray sequencing. In total, 170 340 circRNAs were sequenced, and 144 circRNAs were significantly upregulated while 977 were markedly downregulated. Has_circRNA15994-13, has_circ_0001359, and has_circ_0001360 were abundant and differentially expressed between the SGA and AGA groups, and confirmed in the umbilical cord and maternal blood specimens by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. By combining miRNA microarray data of the SGA placenta tissue in NCBI, it was found that two miRNAs were both hsa_circRNA15994-13 targets and differentially expressed, including hsa-miR-3619-5p and hsa-miR-4741. Further KEEG analysis revealed that the most significant pathway enriched by hsa-miR-3619-5p was Wnt signaling that is closely related to SGA; meanwhile, previous reports demonstrated that hsa-miR-3619-5p directly binds to ß-catenin to accommodate the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, whereby the suggestive hsa_circRNA15994-13 → hsa-miR-3619-5p → ß-catenin signaling pathway may play an important part in SGA.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134806, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715482

RESUMO

In this study, four typical modulators (NH4OH(A), CH3COOH(B), CH3COONa(C) and CH3COONH4(D)) were applied to modulate the microwave-assisted synthesis of Fe-MOFs. The effects of various modulators on the yield, electrochemistry activity and PS activation capacity of prepared catalysts were systematically investigated. The ideal modulator was revealed as the 7.5 mM CH3COONH4. Contributed by the defects caused by the dual effects of CH3COONH4, Fe-MOFs-D-7.5/PS system showed excellent orange G (OG) degradation with high reaction stoichiometric efficiency (RSE) and desirable recycling performance. The main radicals should be SO4·- and O2·- which were confirmed by EPR and chemical quenchers. Furthermore, the frontier molecular orbital (FMO) theory and dual descriptor (DD) method were employed in predicting radical attacking sites of OG. According to the results of theoretical computations and experimental detection, degradation pathways of OG in Fe-MOFs-D-7.5/PS system were proposed. Similar to the function of the battery, this study gives new insight into the possible mediatory roles of Fe-MOFs-D-7.5 in PS activation by transferring the electrons between PS and the unsaturated metal sites (CUS). The Fe-MOFs-D-7.5/PS system is a promising process for environmental remediation.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134515, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734482

RESUMO

Tracking of reactive nitrogen (N) sources is important for the effective mitigation of N emissions. By combining the N and oxygen (O) isotopes of atmospheric NO3-, stable isotope mixing models were recently applied to evaluate the relative contributions of major NOx sources. However, it has long been unresolved how to accurately constrain the δ15N differences between NO3- and corresponding NOx (ε(NO2→NO3-) values). Here, we first incorporated the HC oxidation (NO2 → NO3-) pathway by using Δ17O values to evaluate the ε(NO2→NO3-) values, performed on NO3- in PM2.5 collected during the day and at night from January 4-13, 2015 at an urban site in Beijing. We found that the Δ17O-based ε values (ε17O-based(NO2→NO3-)) (15.6 ±â€¯7.4‰) differed distinctly from δ18O-based ε values (ε18O-based(NO2→NO3-)) (33.0 ±â€¯9.5‰) so did not properly incorporate the isotopic effects of the HC oxidation (NO2 → NO3-) pathway. Based on the ε(NO2→NO3-) values, δ15N values of NOx from coal combustion (CC), vehicle exhausts (VE), biomass burning (BB), and the microbial N cycle (MC), as well as NO3- in PM2.5, we further quantified the source contributions by using Stable Isotope Analysis in R (the SIAR model). We found that the respective fractional contributions of CC-NOx and MC-NOx were underestimated by 64% and were overestimated by 216% by using ε18O-based(NO2→NO3-) values. We concluded that the new ε17O-based(NO2→NO3-) values reduced uncertainties in contribution analysis and the evaluation method for atmospheric NO3- sources.

7.
J Endocrinol ; 244(1): 25-40, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539873

RESUMO

Recent studies raise the possibility that eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha (eEF1A) may play a role in metabolism. One isoform, eEF1A2, is specifically expressed in skeletal muscle, heart and brain. It regulates translation elongation and signal transduction. Nonetheless, eEF1A2's function in skeletal muscle glucose metabolism remains unclear. In the present study, suppression subtractive hybridisation showed a decrease in Eef1a2 transcripts in the skeletal muscle of diabetic Mongolian gerbils. This was confirmed at mRNA and protein levels in hyperglycaemic gerbils, and in db/db and high-fat diet-fed mice. Further, this downregulation was independent of Eef1a2 promoter methylation. Interestingly, adeno-associated virus-mediated eEF1A2 overexpression in skeletal muscle aggravated fasting hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and glucose intolerance in male diabetic gerbils but not in female gerbil models. The overexpression of eEF1A2 in skeletal muscle also resulted in promoted serum glucose levels and insulin resistance in male db/db mice. Up- and downregulation of eEF1A2 by lentiviral vector transfection confirmed its inhibitory effect on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and signalling transduction in C2C12 myotubes with palmitate (PA)-induced insulin resistance. Furthermore, eEF1A2 bound PKCß and increased its activation in the cytoplasm, whereas suppression of PKCß by an inhibitor attenuated eEF1A2-mediated impairment of insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant myotubes. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was elevated by eEF1A2, whereas suppression of ER stress or JNK partially restored insulin sensitivity in PA-treated myotubes. Additionally, eEF1A2 inhibited lipogenesis and lipid utilisation in insulin-resistant skeletal muscle. Collectively, we demonstrated that eEF1A2 exacerbates insulin resistance in male murine skeletal muscle via PKCß and ER stress.

8.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 934-940, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383089

RESUMO

Precise thermodynamic relations to describe the size-dependent integral melting enthalpy and entropy of nanoparticles were deduced by virtue of designing a thermochemical cycle. The differences between integral and differential melting enthalpy and integral and differential melting entropy of nanoparticles were discussed. Nano-Sn of different sizes was prepared by means of chemical reduction, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was utilized to obtain the melting temperature, melting enthalpy, and melting entropy. The experimental results agree with the theoretical predictions and literature results, demonstrating that the melting temperature, enthalpy, and entropy decrease with decreasing particle size and linearly vary with the reciprocal of particle size within the experimental size range. The variations of melting enthalpy and entropy with particle size mainly depend on the molar surface area, the interfacial tension, and the temperature coefficient of interfacial tension. These findings offer a better understanding of the effect of particle size on the melting thermodynamic behaviors of nanoparticles at different melting stages.

9.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 1066-1073, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383106

RESUMO

Novozym435-gold nanoparticles biohybrids (NAuB) were synthesized and characterized in this work, with subsequent investigations on their catalytic activities and stability in compared with the initial form of Novozym435. This is a new way to modify immobilized enzyme by physical means. The elemental analysis of NAuB showed that Au was also the major element except C and O. The results of TEM and EDX demonstrated that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) could be formed in the protein molecular network structure or on the surface of protein in the pores of Novozym435. The optimal process parameters for synthesis NAuB: synthesis temperature of 35 °C, HAuCl4 concentration of 0.02 mg/mL, synthesis time of 24 h. Using the transesterification of starch with ferulic acid ethyl ester as the reaction model, preliminary results pointed to excellent stabilities, solvent tolerance and activities as compared with Novozym435. As for a isooctane:dimethyl sulfoxide system, transesterification of starch with ferulic acid ethyl ester was carried out at 6% (w/w) NAuB and 60 °C for 24 h, a maximum DS of 0.2650 was obtained.

10.
Water Res ; 168: 115200, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655440

RESUMO

H2-based autotrophic denitrification is promising to remove nitrate from water or wastewater lacking organic carbon sources, and pH is one of its most important process parameters. HCl and CO2 addition are known as adequate pH control methods for practical purposes. However, because of H2, added CO2 may participate in microbial metabolisms and affect denitrification mechanisms. Here, a combined micro-electrolysis and autotrophic denitrification (CEAD) reactor, in which H2 is generated based on galvanic-cell reactions between zero-valent iron and carbon, was optimized and continuously operated for 233 days by adding HCl or CO2 to control pH in the range of 7.2-8.2. Microbial communities were compared between the two pH-control methods through high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA, nirS, and nirK genes. Under a low COD/N ratio of 0.5 in the influent (with ∼36 mgNO3--N/L), when adding HCl, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency reached 91.4% ±â€¯0.9% with a 28-h hydraulic retention time (HRT). When adding CO2, the TN removal efficiency was improved to 96.5% ±â€¯1.7% with 24-h HRT. Significant differences of 16S rRNA and nirS genes between the two pH-control stages indicated the variation of microbial communities and nirS-type denitrifiers. With HCl addition, Thiobacillus, unclassified Comamonadaceae, Arenimonas, Limnobacter, and Thermomonas, which were reported previously as likely autotrophic or heterotrophic denitrifiers, were most dominant in the biofilms. With CO2 addition, the biofilms became dominated by Anaerolineaceae and Methylocystaceae (related to organic carbon metabolism), Denitratisoma (likely heterotrophic denitrifier), and uncultured bacteria TK10 and AKYG587. The results suggest that the added CO2 not only contributed to pH control but also participated in microbial metabolisms. This study provides useful insights into microbial mechanisms and further optimization of H2-based autotrophic denitrification in water and wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Microbiota , Processos Autotróficos , Reatores Biológicos , Dióxido de Carbono , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitratos , Nitrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Águas Residuárias
11.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124875, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541899

RESUMO

Adsorptive removal of phthalate esters from wastewater combined with their persulfate (PS) catalytic degradation has attracted the attention of many researchers. In this study, the adsorptive and catalytic properties of an MIL100 material obtained by a green synthetic route have been optimized by a surface molecular imprinting technique. Results have shown that there are two steps in the molecular imprinting process. A polymerization is first carried out in the internal channels of the material and the imprinting layer is then formed on the surface. The relative proportions of the starting materials for the synthesis have been optimized through the design of a three-dimensional response surface. The amount of pollutant adsorbed was increased fourfold after surface imprinting, reaching 13.6 mg g-1. The homogeneity of the recognition sites has been evaluated by dynamics calculations and the Freundlich equation. The selective adsorption ability of the material for diethyl phthalate was improved, and the process involved chemical adsorption. The catalytic properties of the material after imprinting were increased about 1.5-fold, indicating that selective adsorption is important. Such molecularly imprinted polymers may potentially serve as good functional materials for the removal of phthalate esters from wastewater.

12.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124846, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550594

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) precipitation and dissolution in pore water is associated with dissolved organic carbon (DOC)-induced reduction-oxidation of sulfur (S) under waterlogging and is vital for controlling the bioavailability in paddy soil. A 120-day soil incubation experiment, including application of sulfur (S, 30 mg kg-1) and wheat straw (W, 1.0%) alone or in combination (W + S) into Cd-contaminated paddy soil under waterlogging, was conducted to investigate the dynamic of dissolved Cd and its relationship with DOC, S2-, Fe2+, pH, Eh and pe + pH in soil pore water. The results showed that the lowest dissolved Cd concentration was observed in the W + S-treated soil pore water among all treatments when the soil Eh remained at lower values during the period of 15-60 days of incubation, which could be attributed to CdS precipitation and/or co-precipitation of Cd absorbed by FeS2 because of the reduction in sulfur. The application of S resulted in a Cd rebound in the pore water irrespective of W addition when the Eh began to increase from its lowest values during the period of 45-75 days of incubation, and SOB genera were observed in the S added soil. This could be attributed to re-dissolution of the precipitated Cd in soils under the SOB-driven oxidation of sulfide such as CdS and FeS2. In conclusion, DOC-driven reduction-oxidation of sulfur controls Cd dissolution in the pore water of Cd-contaminated paddy soil under waterlogging conditions. Further studies are required to investigate the interaction of sulfur and SOM-induced DOC on Cd bioavailability in rice-planted paddy soils.

13.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124849, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561166

RESUMO

In this work, reduced graphene oxide/metal organic framework composites (RGO/MOF) have been fabricated for the purpose of activating persulfate (PS) successfully first time. Benefiting from the abundant active sites of composites and the excellent electron conductivity arising from repaired large π conjugate plane structure, RGO/MIL-101(Fe) performed better than RGO and MIL-101(Fe) for PS activation and organic compounds degradation from aqueous. The physical-chemical properties of composite catalysts were fully characterized and the applications to the catalytic degradation of trichlorophenol (TCP) were evaluated. The results showed that RGO/MIL-101(Fe) could effectively degrade TCP, under the reaction conditions of pH 3.0, 20 mg/L TCP, 20 mM PS, 0.5 g/L catalyst, and the removal efficiency is 92% in 180 min. Furthermore, chemical reduction and thermal process played key role in regulating defect levels and electron transfer channels. The obtained adsorptive and conductive graphene allow rapid electron transport between free radicals and enriched contaminants. These advancements of the structure and chemical properties were beneficial to improve the catalytic activity in the activation of PS. Finally, a possible activation mechanism was also investigated, which involved the prevailing free radical pathway and recessive non-radical pathway.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1025-1035, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240705

RESUMO

Cutaneous malignant melanoma (hereafter called melanoma) is one of the most aggressive cancers with increasing incidence and mortality rates worldwide. In this study, we performed a systematic investigation of the tumor microenvironmental and genetic factors associated with melanoma to identify prognostic biomarkers for melanoma. We calculated the immune and stromal scores of melanoma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) using the ESTIMATE algorithm and found that they were closely associated with patients' prognosis. Then the differentially expressed genes were obtained based on the immune and stromal scores, and prognostic immune-related genes further identified. Functional analysis and the protein-protein interaction network further revealed that these genes enriched in many immune-related biological processes. In addition, the abundance of six infiltrating immune cells was analyzed using prognostic immune-related genes by TIMER algorithm. The unsupervised clustering analysis using immune-cell proportions revealed eight clusters with distinct survival patterns, suggesting that dendritic cells were most abundant in the microenvironment and CD8+ T cells and neutrophils were significantly related to patients' prognosis. Finally, we validated these genes in three independent cohorts from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. In conclusion, this study comprehensively analyzed the tumor microenvironment and identified prognostic immune-related biomarkers for melanoma.

15.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1090-1102, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256427

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate tumor development and progression by promoting proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. The oncogenic role of lncRNA SNHG16 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been revealed. LncRNA SNHG16 is upregulated in HCC and correlates with poorer prognosis. Patients with high SNHG16 expression showed lower rates of overall and disease-free survival than patients with low SNHG16 expression. Multivariate Cox regression revealed that SNHG16 expression was an independent predictor of poor overall and disease-free survival. In vitro, SNHG16 promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion while inhibiting apoptosis; in vivo, it accelerated tumor development. Altering SNHG16 expression altered levels of miR-17-5p, which in turn modified expression of p62, which has been shown to regulate the mTOR and NF-κB pathways. Indeed, altering SNHG16 expression in HCC cells activated mTOR and NF-κB signaling. These results reveal a potential mechanism for the oncogenic role of SNHG16 in HCC. SNHG16 may therefore be a promising diagnostic marker as well as therapeutic target in HCC.

16.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 50(1): 338-350, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561356

RESUMO

This paper is concerned with the optimal decentralized output-feedback control of the large-scale systems. A random information pattern is considered, where the information is transmitted among the subsystems with random communication delays. For the random information pattern, the optimal LQG problems for both global estimation case and local estimation case are studied. It is difficult to derive the optimal controller under random framework, because the gains of the controller must be designed to satisfy the random sparse structure constraints. In this paper, we design the optimal controller by Hadamard product method. For global estimation case, the gains of the controller are obtained by solving linear matrix equation. For local estimation case, an iterative algorithm is exploited to compute the gains. In addition, the value of the cost function achieved by the designed controller is found and shown to monotonically increase with the increase of the delay probability for both global and local estimation cases. Finally, the theoretical results are illustrated by two numerical examples.

17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 228: 115385, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635747

RESUMO

A novel copper(II)-ß-cyclodextrin and CuO functionalized graphene oxide composite (CD-CuO/NH2-GO) was successfully synthesized by reacting mono-6-O-toluenesulfonyl-copper(II)-ß-cyclodextrin with amino and CuO functionalized graphene oxide. The characterization results showed that the CD-CuO/NH2-GO was well-characterized and has a BET surface area of 746.5 m2 g-1 and good thermal stability, and CD and CuO were uniformly dispersed. The unique structure of CD-CuO/NH2-GO is conducive to the synergistic effect of the different components, especially for the inclusion ability of CD. Benefiting from that, CD-CuO/NH2-GO could quickly and efficiently remove the thiophenic sulfides, which are difficult to be economically removed by hydrodesulfurization. The removal efficiency for the three sulfides was in the order of benzothiophene > dibenzothiophene > thiophene. The desulfurization process of benzothiophene has the fastest desulfurization rate (0.121 g mg-1 min-1) and maximum sulfur capacity (12.75 mg S g-1). The different molecular inclusion ability of CD for the thiophenic sulfides demonstrates the difference in the desulfurization of CD-CuO/NH2-GO. The work highlights the synthesis and the potential application in fuel desulfurization of supramolecular GO composite nanomaterials.

18.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 269, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extrinsic black stain (EBS) is characterized by discrete dark dots or lines on the tooth surface. The relationship between EBS and oral microbiota in children remains elusive. The aim of this study was to compare dental plaque microbiome in EBS children with that in EBS-free children in the primary dentition. METHODS: The Illumina MiSeq sequencing technique was utilized in the cross-sectional pilot study to investigate the diversity and composition of the supragingival plaque microbiota from 10 EBS-positive and 10 EBS-free children. The results were analysed with nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson Chi-Square test, Fisher's Exact test and one-way ANOVA tests. RESULTS: We identified 13 different phyla, 22 classes, 33 orders, 54 families, 105 genera, and 227 species from a total of 52,646 high-quality sequences. Between two groups, no statistical differences were observed in the estimators of community richness and diversity at 97% similarity, as well as in the Unweighted Unifrac principal co-ordinates analysis (PCoA). At the species level, higher level of relative abundance of Actinomyces naeslundii and lower level of relative abundance of a species belonging to Candidate_division_TM7 was observed in dental plaque of EBS-positive subjects, compared to dental plaque of EBS-free subjects (P < 0.05). This indicated that some species might be involved in the EBS process. CONCLUSION: Changes in dental plaque microbiota is possibly relevant to the process of EBS in the primary dentition.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134441, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796293

RESUMO

We investigated the tidal variability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organophosphate esters (OPEs) in water dissolved phase from a coastal area of Dalian, China, as well as their air-water exchange trends. The concentrations of PAHs and OPEs in water were in the range of 50.5-74.7 ng/L and 21.6-61.5 ng/L, respectively. Phenanthrene (PHE) was the dominant congener followed by fluorene (FLU) for PAHs, while tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP) and tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) dominated for OPEs. PAHs in coastal water showed a tidal variability, but not for OPEs, which may due to the influence of occasional wastewater discharges of OPEs. The source apportionments using principle component analysis and positive matrix factorization suggested that PAHs in the coastal water mainly came from oil spill from ships, coal combustion, and petroleum combustion, while OPEs were derived from diverse sources. The fugacity fractions (ff) suggested that ACY, ACE, FLU, PHE, TCEP, and TPHP volatilized from water into air, while TNBP, TCIPP, and TDCIPP deposited from air into water, and FLA, PYR, BaA, CHR, and EHDPP reached equilibrium. The ff values varied slightly with tidal circle, but the variations were not enough to alter the air-water exchange directions of those compounds. Although the influences of tide on the air-water exchange of PAHs and OPEs were limited, tide still played an important role on the transports and diffusions of those chemicals in the coastal water, which requires further studies.

20.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS01190168RE, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790644

RESUMO

Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRR) caused by Phytophthora sojae is a destructive disease afflicting soybean. The use of resistant cultivars is the most effective method to combat PRR. PRR resistance was assessed in 223 soybean cultivars from Huanghuaihai and Dongbei, major soybean-producing regions in east central and northeastern China. To evaluate levels of soybean resistance to P. sojae, we used eight representative P. sojae isolates and a modified etiolated hypocotyl-slit inoculation method. The cultivars Wandou21020, Xu9302-A, Kedou10, and Lidi055 showed resistance to all eight isolates; 14 cultivars showed intermediate resistance to all eight P. sojae isolates, and 53 cultivars were resistant to seven isolates. Thirty-three cultivars (15%) were susceptible only to the highly virulent PsJS2 isolate, which is consistent with the reactions of the Chapman differential line that carries Rps3a. The diverse reaction patterns seen in germplasm from different regions (provinces/cities) in this study reflect the variety of PRR-resistant soybean sources in China. Our research indicates that sources of P. sojae resistance are present in the major soybean production areas of China. This study provides useful information for soybean breeding programs.

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