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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485895

RESUMO

It is inevitably for cellobiose to be co-generated during enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose, especially when the cellulase is lack of ß-glucosidase activity. In the present study, cellobiose was found superior to glucose for cell growth by L. starkeyi, regardless of the sugar concentrations. Glucose was assimilated preferentially when cellobiose and glucose were co-fermented. Deficiency of ß-glucosidase was observed to be beneficial for the simultaneous saccharification and lipid production (SSLP). High lipid titer and cellulose conversion of 9.1 g/L and 92.4%, respectively, were achieved when cellulase with low ß-glucosidase activity was supplemented. The SSLP achieved higher lipid titer of 9.5 g/L when a pre-hydrolysis process was introduced. The glucosidase generated by L. starkeyi was primarily cell-bound, which contributed significantly to the cellobiose utilization and the high lipid production. These results provided a novel scheme for enhanced lipid production from lignocellulosic biomass with reduced enzyme usage, which is believed to facilitate the design of a more cost-effective lignocellulose-to-lipid route.

2.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486972

RESUMO

Uric acid (UA) is an antioxidant with neuroprotective effects in experimental stroke models. Whether serum UA plays a role in hemorrhagic transformation (HT) remains unclear. We aimed to explore the association between serum UA and HT in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). AIS patients within 7 days after stroke onset were consecutively enrolled between January 2016 and October 2017. Patients were categorized into three groups according to serum UA tertiles by sex. HT was detected by follow-up CT or MRI within 7 days after admission. The multivariate logistic analysis was performed to assess the association of serum UA with HT. We included 1230 patients (mean age 64.1 years, 63.5% males) and 133 (10.8%) patients experienced HT. After adjusting confounders, patients in the second and third UA tertiles showed a significant decrease in HT compared with those in the lowest tertile (OR 0.432, 95% CI 0.266-0.702; OR 0.033, 95% CI 0.013-0.086, respectively). Similar results were observed for sex-based subgroups. Males with higher UA had lower risk of HT compared with the lowest UA tertile (OR 0.332, 95% CI 0.170-0.651; OR 0.008, 95% CI 0.001-0.070, respectively). In females, the highest UA tertile was inversely associated with HT (OR 0.148, 95% CI 0.058-0.376). Multiple-adjusted spline regression analyses further confirmed the dose-response relationship between UA levels and HT. Higher serum UA is independently associated with lower HT following stroke. More studies are needed to elucidate the potential neuroprotective mechanism of serum UA and its link to HT.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 224: 115169, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472851

RESUMO

Dialdehyde carboxymethylcellulose (DCMC) solution generally has quite low solid content, which inevitably limits its industrial application. In this work, carboxymethylcellulose sodium (Na-CMC) was pre-degraded using H2O2 followed by periodate oxidation for preparing DCMC with high solid content as practical tanning agent. Pre-degradation conditions optimization showed that H2O2 dosage most impacted the tanning effect of DCMC, and the Mw and viscosity of Na-CMC underwent remarkable reduction. FT-IR and 1H NMR illustrated that aldehyde group was successfully introduced into DCMC after periodate oxidation. Under the optimized conditions, the solid content of DCMC could be improved to around 30%. This DCMC could endow tanned leather with high shrinkage temperature and satisfactory fiber dispersion. Besides, DCMC tanned leather had comparable physical and organoleptic properties to those of leathers tanned by chrome tanning agent and commercial polyaldehyde tanning agent TWT. This suggests the prospect of DCMC with high solid content as useful tanning agent.

4.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152592, 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474315

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor among women in China, which seriously threatens women's physical and mental health. Tumorigenesis is closely related to the dysregulation of cell cycle. The cell cycle progression includes interphase and mitotic phase (M phase). Cyclin B1 is a key protein in regulating M phase, which is essential for the whole cell cycle progression. CyclinB1 can be degraded through ubiquitination mediated by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). However, the mechanism of how CyclinB1 is deubiquitinated in breast cancer still remains unclear. In this study, we discovered that CyclinB1 interacted with ubiquitin-specific peptidase 14 (USP14). Based on the deubiquitinating function of USP14, we detected the effect of USP14 on the ubiquitination of CyclinB1. Inhibiting the activity of USP14 or USP14 knockdown significantly increased the ubiquitination of CyclinB1. In accordance with this, knocking down USP14 arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase. Knocking down USP14 with siRNAs significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that USP14 regulated the cell cycle of breast cancer cells by regulating the ubiquitination of CyclinB1, which will provide a solid theoretical basis for the development of anti-cancer drugs targeting USP14.

5.
Diabetes ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506344

RESUMO

Previously we identified plasma microRNA (miR) profiles that associate with markers of microvascular injury in diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients. However, miRs circulate in extracellular vesicles (EVs) or in association with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or the RNA-binding protein Argonaute-2 (Ago-2). Given that the EV- and HDL- mediated miR transfer towards endothelial cells (ECs) regulates cellular quiescence and inflammation, we hypothesized that the distribution of miRs amongst carriers affects microvascular homeostasis in DN. Therefore, we determined the miR expression in EVs, HDL- and Ago-2 fractions isolated from EDTA-plasma of healthy controls, patients with diabetes mellitus +/- early DN (eGFR>30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and DN patients (eGFR<30 ml/min/1.73 m2). Consistent with our hypothesis, we observed alterations in miR-carrier distribution in plasma of DM and DN patients compared to healthy controls. Both miR-21 and miR-126 increased in EVs of DN patients, whereas miR-660 increased in the Ago-2 fraction and miR-132 decreased in the HDL fractions. Moreover, in vitro, differentially expressed miRs improved EC barrier formation (EV-miR-21) and rescued the angiogenic potential (HDL-miR-132) of ECs cultured in serum from DM and DN patients. In conclusion, miR measurement in EVs, HDL and Ago-2 may improve the biomarker sensitivity of these miRs for microvascular injury in DN while carrier-specific miRs can improve endothelial barrier formation (EV-miR-21/126) or exert a pro-angiogenic response (HDL-miR-132).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502948

RESUMO

A bacterial strain M05W1-28T was isolated from a well that collected water for irrigation from a deep aquifer at a depth of 400 m. Cells were observed to be rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic, stained Gram-negative. Optimal growth was obtained at pH 7.0 (range: 6.0-9.0), 28 °C (range: 15-37 °C) and 0 % NaCl (range: 0-1.5 %, w/v) in modified tryptic soy broth (mTSB) without added NaCl and R2A. The cells were found to be positive for catalase and oxidase activities. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were identified as summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c / C16 : 1 ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, glycolipid, phosphoglycolipids, phospholipids, and unidentified lipids. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The genomic G+C content of strain M05W1-28T was 40.7 %. Based on similarities of 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain M05W1-28T was affiliated with the genus Sphingobacterium, exhibiting the highest sequence similarities with S. multivorum LMG 8342T (97.5 %), S. ginsenosidimutans THG07T (97.1 %) and less than 97.0 % to other members of the genus. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation values (dDDH) between M05W1-28T and S. multivorum LMG 8342T were 78.1 and 22.5 %, respectively. Phenotypic characteristics including enzyme activities and carbon source utilisation differentiated the strain from other Sphingobacterium species. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain M05W1-28T represented a novel species within the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium puteale sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M05W1-28T (=CGMCC 1.13711T=KCTC 72027T).

7.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 707, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eggshell breaking strength is critical to reduce egg breaking rate and avoid economic loss. The process of eggshell calcification initiates with the egg entering the uterus and lasts about 18 h. It follows a temporal sequence corresponding to the initiation, growth and termination periods of shell calcification. During each period of shell calcification, our study investigated the differences of gonadal hormones and uterine transcriptome in laying hens producing a high or low breaking strength shell. RESULTS: 60 Hy-line Brown laying hens were selected and divided into two groups according to eggshell breaking strength. Eggshell breaking strength of 44.57 ± 0.91 N and 26.68 ± 0.38 N were considered to be the high strength group (HS) and low strength group (LS), respectively. The results showed that mammillary thickness and mammillary knob width of eggshells were significantly lower in the HS. Serum progesterone (P4) and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] were significantly higher in the HS compared to the LS during the initiation period of calcification. Serum estradiol (E2) and calcium did not change significantly. All factors mentioned above had no significant differences in the growth and termination periods of calcification. The relative expression of CaBP-D28k and PMCA 1b were not significantly different between HS and LS. The relative expression of NCX1 was significantly higher in HS compared to LS. Moreover, 1777 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained in the initiation period of calcification. However, few DEGs were identified in the growth or termination periods of calcification. 30 DEGs were selected as candidate genes involved in eggshell calcification during the initiation period of calcification by the analysis of GO terms and KEGG pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Our study concluded that mammillary thickness and mammillary knob width of the HS were significantly lower than LS. P4 and 1,25-(OH)2D3 were significantly higher in the initiation period of HS. They may impact initial calcification when the mammillary layer is formed. The initiation period of calcification determined eggshell strength rather than the growth or termination periods. We inferred P4 or 1,25-(OH)2D3 may effect the ultrastructure of the mammillary layer by regulating the expression of uterine genes.

8.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1582, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379818

RESUMO

Tissue-resident lymphocytes usually reside in barrier sites and are involved in innate and adaptive immunity. In recent years, many studies have shown that multiple types of lymphocytes are resident in the liver, including memory CD8+ T (TRM) cells; "unconventional" T cells, such as invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, mucosal associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, and γδT cells; innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) such as natural killer (NK) cells and other ILCs. Although diverse types of tissue-resident lymphocytes share similar phenotypes, functional properties, and transcriptional regulation, the unique microenvironment of the liver can reshape their phenotypic and functional characteristics. Liver-resident lymphocytes serve as sentinels and perform immunosurveillance in response to infection and non-infectious insults, and are involved in the maintenance of liver homeostasis. Under the pathological conditions, distinct liver-resident lymphocytes exert protective or pathological effects in the process of various liver diseases. In this review, we highlight the unique properties of liver-resident lymphocytes, and discuss their functional characteristics in different liver diseases.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381305

RESUMO

Rechargeable aqueous Zn-ion batteries (ZIBs) have recently attracted much attention due to their low cost and superior safety. Unfortunately, their low capacity and poor cycle life still hinder their practical application. Here, we have developed a general synthesis strategy for ultrasmall spinel oxide nanodots (Mn3O4, CoMn2O4, MnCo2O4.5, Co3O4, and ZnMn2O4) with abundant oxygen vacancies and highly active surface. Among them, 6.0-nanometer-sized Mn3O4 nanodots deliver the best Zn-ion storage ability with a high reversible capacity of 386.7 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1, excellent rate performance, and a long-term stability of 500 cycles at 0.5 A g-1. Taking advantage of the highly activated surficial atoms, shortened transfer pathway, and introduction of numerous oxygen vacancies, an ultrahigh Zn2+ diffusion coefficient of 2.4 × 10-10 cm2 s-1 has been detected during the discharge process. This value is more than 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of other spinel oxide nanostructures in previous reports and also the highest one in all of the as-reported ZIB cathode materials to date. Our finding offers promising opportunities for the development of ZIB cathode materials with high energy density, long-term cycling stability, excellent flexibility, and wearability.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(34): 30673-30681, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373194

RESUMO

Constructing heterostructured photocatalysts is an efficient method to improve photocatalytic carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction. Herein, holey g-C3N4 (HGN) with rich amino groups (-NHx) was hybridized with NH2-UiO-66 (NUZ) via a facile in situ growth method. NUZ nanocrystals were anchored on HGN via NHx-Zr-O chemical bonding, leading to the uniform dispersion and avoiding the leaching of NUZ, thus showing excellent stability in photocatalysis. The chemically bonded interfacial charge transfer effect originated from the NHx-Zr-O formation efficiently accelerated the separation and migration of charge carriers, improving the photoactivity. Benefiting from the NHx-Zr-O formation, the optimized NUZ/HGN-35% heterojunctions exhibited outstanding activity in the photoreduction of CO2 to CO (31.6 µmol g-1 h-1), which was about 2 and 3 times higher than that of pure NUZ and HGN under visible-light irradiation. This study is expected to provide useful insights for constructing composites with strong interaction for CO2 reduction, H2 production, and N2 reduction.

11.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(7): 076111, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370499

RESUMO

In this paper, a torsional thrust balance with an asymmetrical arm is designed and tested which is effective for the microthruster performance evaluation in the vacuum facilities with limited space. An optimization design method for the key parameters of the thrust balance has been developed. By utilizing the asymmetrical arm, a great resolution can be obtained with a restrained arm length. A novel printed circuit board electrostatic comb has been applied to the thrust balance calibration. Experimental results show that the comb is capable of producing steady force in the range of about 30 µN-3300 µN and an impulse bit of 7 µNs-777 µNs which can be further extended to nano-Newton second range with a shorter pulse width and a lower voltage. The calibration results show that the thrust balance has a great repeatability and reliability. The total uncertainty of the thrust stand is estimated to be 3.33% in the 1 µNs range.

12.
Virol J ; 16(1): 97, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), a member of the family Coronaviridae, causes lethal watery diarrhea in piglets. Previous studies have revealed that the coronaviruses develop various strategies to evade the host innate immunity through the inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. However, the ability of TGEV to inhibit the host innate immune response by modulating the NF-κB signaling pathway is not clear. METHODS: In this study, a dual luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm the inhibition of NF-κB by TGEV infection and to identify the major viral proteins involved in the inhibition of NF-κB signaling. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to quantify the mRNA expression of inflammatory factors. The deubiquitination of Nsp3 domains and its effect on IκBα and p65 were analyzed by western blotting. The ubiquitination level of IκBα was analyzed by immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: In ST and IPEC-J2 cells, TGEV exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition of NF-κB activity. Individual TGEV protein screening revealed the high potential of non-structural protein 3 (Nsp3) to inhibit NF-κB signaling, and leading to the downregulation of the NF-κB-induced cytokine production. We demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of Nsp3 was mainly mediated through the suppression of IκBα degradation as well as the inhibition of p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. Furthermore, the amino acid residues at positions 590-1,215 in Nsp3 were demonstrated to inhibit the degradation of IκBα by inhibiting the IκBα ubiquitination. CONCLUSION: TGEV infection can inhibit the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, which is mainly mediated by Nsp3 through the canonical pathway. The amino acid residues at positions 590-1,215 in Nsp3 compose the critical domain that mediates NF-κB inhibition. We speculate that this inhibitory effect is likely to be related to the structure of PLP2 with deubiquitinating enzyme activity of the amino acid residues at positions 590-1,215 in Nsp3. Our study provides a better understanding of the TGEV-mediated innate immune modulation and lays the basis for studies on the pathogenesis of coronavirus.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 254(Pt A): 113021, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415976

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous toxic heavy metal derived mainly from industrial processes. In industrialized societies, individuals are exposed to a plethora of sources of Cd pollution. Cd can trigger serious diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by the over-activating immune system. As an effector mechanism in innate immunity, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) not only play an important role in defending against infection but also lead to tissue damage. However, the role of NETs in Cd-induced lung damage process has not been previously studied. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential effects of Cd-induced NETs on lung injury in vivo and further to clarify the molecular mechanisms of Cd-induced NETs formation. In vivo, Cd treatment destroyed the structural integrity of lung tissue and significantly increased the levels of NETs in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The known NETs inhibitor DNase I ameliorated pathologic changes and significantly decreased levels of NETs in BALF, which suggesting the curial role of NETs in Cd-induced lung injury. Further investigation showed that Cd could significantly trigger NETs formation, which is composed of DNA backbone decorated with histones (H3) and neutrophils elastase (NE). The inhibitors of NADPH oxidase, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK-signaling pathways significantly reduced the formation of NETs, and western blotting analysis also showed that Cd significantly increased the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Above results confirmed that NADPH oxidase, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK-signaling pathways were related to Cd-induced NETs formation. In conclusion, NETs was involved in Cd-induced lung injury, and the mechanisms of Cd-induced NETs formation was via activating NADPH oxidase, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK-signaling pathways, which might provide a new perspective in Cd-induced lung injury.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(36): 14052-14056, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461283

RESUMO

Diels-Alder reactions are among the most powerful synthetic transformations to construct complex natural products. Despite that increasing of enzymatic intramolecular Diels-Alder reactions have been discovered, natural intermolecular Diels-Alderases are rarely described. Here, we report an intermolecular hetero-Diels-Alder reaction in the biosynthesis of tropolonic sesquiterpenes and functionally characterize EupfF as the first fungal intermolecular hetero-Diels-Alderase. We demonstrate that EupfF catalyzed the dehydration of a hydroxymethyl-containing tropolone (5) to generate a reactive tropolone o-quinone methide (6) and might further stereoselectively control the subsequent intermolecular hetero-Diels-Alder reaction with (1E,4E,8Z)-humulenol (8) to produce enantiomerically pure neosetophomone B (1). Our results reveal the biosynthetic pathway of 1 and expand the repertoire of activities of Diels-Alder cyclases.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414500

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Floral volatiles are commonly present only at trace amounts and can be degraded or lost during vapor collection, which is often challenging from the analytical standpoint. Osmanthus fragrans Lour. is a widely cultivated plant known for the highly distinct fragrance of its flowers. The identification of specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and molecular differentiation of O. fragrans without any chemical pretreatment and VOC collection are important. METHODS: Twenty-eight VOCs released by the flowers from ten different cultivars of O. fragrans were identified using neutral desorption extractive atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (ND-EAPCI-MS) without any chemical pretreatment or VOC collection. Chemical identification was performed by high-resolution MSn analysis and whenever possible was confirmed by the analysis of standards. RESULTS: According to our literature search, nine of the identified VOCs, 3-buten-2-one, cyclohexadiene, 2-methylfuran, 3-allylcyclohexene, cuminyl alcohol, hotrienol oxide, epoxy-linalool oxide, N-(2-hyrdoxyethyl) octanamide, and 3-hydroxy-dihydro-ß-ionone, have not been reported in O. fragrans in earlier studies. Confident differentiation between ten different cultivars of O. fragrans was achieved by the principal component analysis of the mass spectrometric results. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our ND-EAPCI-MS analysis substantially increase our knowledge about the chemistry of the O. fragrans floral fragrance and demonstrate the power of this technique for direct molecular profiling for plant recognition or in biotechnological applications.

16.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460450, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443971

RESUMO

Polysorbates, a group of nonionic surfactants, are widely used as pharmaceutic excipient. Their quality and safety are closely related to their profiles, including composition, structure, proportion and polyoxyethylene (POE) polymerization degree. However, due to complex composition and similar skeletons, it is difficult and time-consuming to profile and identify them. There is no integrated strategy for routine control. In this paper, an UHPLC-HRMS method was established, and 211 components belonging to 10 species in polysorbate-80 were identified based on their MS/MS data and further confirmed by NMR. A mathematical model was then established to predict all possible components based on the good logarithmic relationship between the POE polymerization degrees and retention times (RTs) of the components for the first time. A database of 853 detected and predicted components of polysorbate-80, -60, -40 and -20 was created. A novel rapid identification strategy was established for comprehensive polysorbate profiling by comparing the exact masses and RTs of the test peaks to the database. This novel strategy was employed to profile polysorbates in 14 pharmaceutic excipients and preparations. Approximately 200 components were identified and semiquantified in each sample, and the number and content of components differed among these samples.

17.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a potentially serious complication in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Whether the ratio of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C/HDL-C) is associated with HT remains unclear. METHODS: Ischemic stroke patients within 7 days of stroke onset from January 2016 to November 2017 were included. Lipid profiles were measured within 24h after admission. HT was determined by a second computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging within 7 days after admission. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to assess the association between LDL-C/HDL-C and HT. RESULTS: We enrolled 1239 patients with AIS (788 males; mean age, 64 ± 15 years), of whom 129 (10.4%) developed HT. LDL-C/HDL-C were significantly lower on admission in patients with HT than those without HT (2.00 ± 0.89 vs. 2.25 ± 1.02, P=0.009). The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of low LDL-C/HDL-C for HT was 2.07 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-3.01, P<0.001). After adjustment for possible confounders, lower LDL-C/HDL-C (≤1.52) was significantly associated with HT (OR 1.53, 95% CI: 1.02-2.31, P=0.046). Similar results were observed between lower LDL-C (≤ 4 mmol/L) and HT (OR 4.17, 95% CI: 1.25-13.90, P=0.02). However, no significant association was found between HT and high HDL-C, low triglycerides or low total cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Lower LDL-C/HDL-C and LDL-C were significantly associated with increased risk of HT after AIS. Further investigations are warranted to confirm these findings and then optimize lipid management in stroke patients with lower LDL/HDL-C or LDL-C.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9996, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292457

RESUMO

Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is mainly expressed by Kupffer cells in the liver. A reduction of hepatic triglyceride content (HTGC) by pioglitazone or caloric restriction is accompanied by a decrease in circulating CETP. Since GLP-1 analogues also reduce HTGC, we assessed whether liraglutide decreases CETP. Furthermore, we investigated the association between HTGC and CETP in a population-based cohort. In a placebo-controlled trial, 50 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to treatment with liraglutide or placebo added to standard care. In this trial and in 1,611 participants of the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity (NEO) study, we measured HTGC and circulating CETP by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ELISA, respectively. The HTGC was decreased in the liraglutide group (-6.3%; 95%CI of difference [-9.5, -3.0]) but also in the placebo group (-4.0%; 95%CI[-6.0, -2.0]), without between-group differences. CETP was not decreased by liraglutide (-0.05 µg/mL; 95%CI[-0.13, 0.04]) or placebo (-0.04 µg/mL; 95%CI[-0.12, 0.04]). No association was present between HTGC and CETP at baseline (ß: 0.002 µg/mL per %TG, 95%CI[-0.005, 0.009]) and between the changes after treatment with liraglutide (ß: 0.003 µg/mL per %TG, 95%CI[-0.010, 0.017]) or placebo (ß: 0.006 µg/mL per %TG, 95%CI[-0.012,0.024]). Also, in the cohort n o association between HTGC and CETP was present (ß: -0.001 µg/mL per SD TG, 95%CI[-0.005, 0.003]). A reduction of HTGC after treatment with liraglutide or placebo does not decrease circulating CETP. Also, no association between HTGC and CETP was present in a large cohort. These findings indicate that circulating CETP is not determined by HTGC.Clinical Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01761318).

19.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-7, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321987

RESUMO

A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of different rootstocks on the cadmium (Cd) accumulation characteristics of the post-grafting generations of Cd-hyperaccumulator Galinsoga parviflora plants. Five treatments, ungrafted and G. parviflora seedlings grafted on the rootstocks of Kalimeris indica, Senecio scandens, Conyza canadensis, and Artemisia sieversiana, were utilized. The four rootstock grafts decreased the shoot biomass of the G. parviflora post-grafting generation compared with ungrafted. The K. indica and S. scandens grafts increased the Cd concentration in shoots of the G. parviflora post-grafting generation by 15.06% and 14.40%, respectively, compared with ungrafted, while the C. canadensis and A. sieversiana grafts had no significant effects. K. indica grafts increased the amount of Cd extracted by shoots of the G. parviflora post-grafting generation by 10.59% compared with ungrafted, while the other treatments resulted in decreases. Compared with ungrafted, the different rootstocks had no significant effects on the photosynthetic pigment content of the G. parviflora post-grafting generation, and only C. canadensis grafts increased the superoxide dismutase activity level, while only K. indica grafts increased the peroxidase activity level. Therefore, the K. indica rootstock could increase the phytoremediation capability of G. parviflora post-grafted plants grown in Cd-contaminated soil.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16192, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261558

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is the second most common female malignancy worldwide. The metabolic profile of plasma associated with the prognosis of cervical cancer remains poorly understood. In this cross-sectional study, plasma samples were collected from three groups of patients with CSCC, namely primary patients before treatment (BT group), patients with a poor prognosis (PP group, including patients with distant metastasis and local recurrence), and patients with a good prognosis within two years after the first treatment (GP group). The plasma metabolomics was conducted to detect the dynamic changes of metabolites via ultra-performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Multivariate analyses, including principle component, partial least square-discriminant, and orthogonal projection to latent structure-discriminant analyses, were performed to compare each pair of the three groups. The differential metabolites were identified by comparison of the exact m/z values and mass spectrometry (MS)/MS spectra with the structural information of the metabolites obtained from the Human Metabolome Database (http://www.hmdb.ca/) and LIPID MAPS (http://www.lipidmaps.org/). To screen for potential markers, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the differential metabolites. Finally, thirty plasma samples were collected from each group. Multivariate analyses showed that 31 metabolites were significantly different among the 3 groups studied. Of those, the 5 metabolites phosphatidyl choline (15:0/16:0), phosphatidyl glycerol (12:0/13:0), actosylceramide (d18:1/16:0), D-Maltose, and phthalic acid, with an area under the curve above 0.75, were identified as potential biomarkers. The present findings provide evidence for biomarkers to monitor prognosis of patients with CSCC, which may help in better managing the disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Metaboloma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
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