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1.
J Periodontal Res ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845170

RESUMO

AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the role of miR-146a-5p in osteogenesis of hPDLSCs irradiated with low-energy red LEDs. METHODS: After irradiation with 5 J/cm2 red LED, miR-146a-5p expression was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and osteogenic markers expression was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assessed by ALP staining, and mineralization was assessed by Alizarin Red staining, respectively. Lentiviral vectors were designed to regulate miR-146a-5p expression. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the targeted relationship between miR-146a-5p and MAPK1. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to regulate MAPK1 expression. RESULTS: RT-qPCR and western blotting revealed that 5 J/cm2 irradiation elevated the levels of the osteogenic markers osterix (OSX) and bone sialoprotein (BSP) in hPDLSCs. miR-146a-5p is downregulated in hPDLSCs under the low-energy red LED light irradiation. miR-146a-5p underexpression markedly promoted the osteogenic potential of hPDLSCs. miR-146a-5p targeted MAPK1. 5 J/cm2 red LED irradiation rescued the inhibitory effects of upregulated miR-146a-5p on osteogenic differentiation, and the positive influence of red LED irradiation could be reversed by downregulated MAPK1. CONCLUSION: These findings confirm that miR-146a-5p is involved in the effect of LED irradiation on the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs by targeting MAPK1. Red LED irradiation may be a potential clinical adjunct therapy for periodontal regeneration.

2.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1380312, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836055

RESUMO

Legionella, one of the main pathogens that causes community-acquired pneumonia, can lead to Legionella pneumonia, a condition characterized predominantly by severe pneumonia. This disease, caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila, can quickly progress to critical pneumonia and is often associated with damage to multiple organs. As a result, it requires close attention in terms of clinical diagnosis and treatment. Omadacycline, a new type of tetracycline derivative belonging to the aminomethylcycline class of antibiotics, is a semi-synthetic compound derived from minocycline. Its key structural feature, the aminomethyl modification, allows omadacycline to overcome bacterial resistance and broadens its range of effectiveness against bacteria. Clinical studies have demonstrated that omadacycline is not metabolized in the body, and patients with hepatic and renal dysfunction do not need to adjust their dosage. This paper reports a case of successful treatment of Legionella pneumonia with omadacycline in a patient who initially did not respond to empirical treatment with moxifloxacin. The patient also experienced electrolyte disturbance, as well as dysfunction in the liver and kidneys, delirium, and other related psychiatric symptoms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Legionella pneumophila , Doença dos Legionários , Tetraciclinas , Humanos , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Doença dos Legionários/tratamento farmacológico , Doença dos Legionários/microbiologia , Legionella pneumophila/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Masculino , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/microbiologia , Moxifloxacina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Cell Prolif ; : e13683, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830795

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor-natural killer (CAR-NK) cell therapy is emerging as a promising cancer treatment, with notable safety and source diversity benefits over CAR-T cells. This study focused on optimizing CAR constructs for NK cells to maximize their therapeutic potential. We designed seven CD19 CAR constructs and expressed them in NK cells using a retroviral system, assessing their tumour-killing efficacy and persistence. Results showed all constructs enhanced tumour-killing and prolonged survival in tumour-bearing mice. In particular, CAR1 (CD8 TMD-CD3ζ SD)-NK cells showed superior efficacy in treating tumour-bearing animals and exhibited enhanced persistence when combined with OX40 co-stimulatory domain. Of note, CAR1-NK cells were most effective at lower effector-to-target ratios, while CAR4 (CD8 TMD-OX40 CD- FcεRIγ SD) compromised NK cell expansion ability. Superior survival rates were noted in mice treated with CAR1-, CAR2 (CD8 TMD- FcεRIγ SD)-, CAR3 (CD8 TMD-OX40 CD- CD3ζ SD)- and CAR4-NK cells over those treated with CAR5 (CD28 TMD- FcεRIγ SD)-, CAR6 (CD8 TMD-4-1BB CD-CD3ζ 1-ITAM SD)- and CAR7 (CD8 TMD-OX40 CD-CD3ζ 1-ITAM SD)-NK cells, with CAR5-NK cells showing the weakest anti-tumour activity. Increased expression of exhaustion markers, especially in CAR7-NK cells, suggests that combining CAR-NK cells with immune checkpoint inhibitors might improve anti-tumour outcomes. These findings provide crucial insights for developing CAR-NK cell products for clinical applications.

5.
Brain Res ; 1840: 149049, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed structural brain abnormalities in individuals with depression, but the causal relationship between depression and brain structure remains unclear. METHODS: A genetic correlation analysis was conducted using summary statistics from the largest genome-wide association studies for depression (N = 674,452) and 1,265 brain structural imaging-derived phenotypes (IDPs, N = 33,224). Subsequently, a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) approach was employed to explore the causal relationships between depression and the IDPs that showed genetic correlations with depression. The main MR results were obtained using the inverse variance weighted (IVW) method, and other MR methods were further employed to ensure the reliability of the findings. RESULTS: Ninety structural IDPs were identified as being genetically correlated with depression and were included in the MR analyses. The IVW MR results indicated that reductions in the volume of several brain regions, including the bilateral subcallosal cortex, right medial orbitofrontal cortex, and right middle-posterior part of the cingulate cortex, were causally linked to an increased risk of depression. Additionally, decreases in surface area of the right middle temporal visual area, right middle temporal cortex, right inferior temporal cortex, and right middle-posterior part of the cingulate cortex were causally associated with a heightened risk of depression. Validation and sensitivity analyses supported the robustness of these findings. However, no evidence was found for a causal effect of depression on structural IDPs. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal the causal influence of specific brain structures on depression, providing evidence to consider brain structural changes in the etiology and treatment of depression.

6.
Sci Prog ; 107(2): 368504241260176, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850047

RESUMO

This article studies a meta-module motion design approach for homogenous modular robotic systems in self-configuration. By utilizing configuration diversity, scalability and unit-substitutability, homogenous modular robotic systems can be a promising approach to life detection and space exploration in the future. Based on the requirements of the potential applications, self-configuration can be considered as the precondition. As similar to swarm robotic systems, the distributed control strategy in which the modular robots are operated in a sequence of motion circles consist of 'detection'- 'decision'- 'execution' is of great significance. However, there is a limitation to the applicability of previously proposed work on the self-configuration topic, due to the fact that the self-configuration strategy execution suffers from the motion constraints of modular robots. In order to solve the problem, we propose a grid partition method that removes the gap between the locomotion of a single modular robot and the reconfiguration of the whole system. Under the analysis of the grid partition, the meta-module motion design is proposed to realize the distributed self-configuration strategy. We simulated the self-configuration in M-Lattice, a two-dimensional homogenous modular robotic system.

7.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 710, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA (circRNA) is a key player in regulating the multidirectional differentiation of stem cells. Previous research by our group found that the blue light-emitting diode (LED) had a promoting effect on the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of human stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs). This research aimed to investigate the differential expression of circRNAs during the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs regulated by blue LED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SCAPs were divided into the irradiation group (4 J/cm2) and the control group (0 J/cm2), and cultivated in an osteogenic/odontogenic environment. The differentially expressed circRNAs during osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs promoted by blue LED were detected by high-throughput sequencing, and preliminarily verified by qRT-PCR. Functional prediction of these circRNAs was performed using Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were also constructed. RESULTS: It showed 301 circRNAs were differentially expressed. GO and KEGG analyses suggested that these circRNAs were associated with some signaling pathways related to osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation. And the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were also successfully constructed. CONCLUSION: CircRNAs were involved in the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs promoted by blue LED. In this biological process, circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks served an important purpose, and circRNAs regulated this process through certain signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Papila Dentária , Luz , Odontogênese , Osteogênese , RNA Circular , Células-Tronco , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia , Odontogênese/genética , Papila Dentária/citologia , Papila Dentária/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ontologia Genética , Células Cultivadas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Luz Azul
8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(20): 206401, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829092

RESUMO

Coexisting orders are key features of strongly correlated materials and underlie many intriguing phenomena from unconventional superconductivity to topological orders. Here, we report the coexistence of two interacting charge-density-wave (CDW) orders in EuTe_{4}, a layered crystal that has drawn considerable attention owing to its anomalous thermal hysteresis and a semiconducting CDW state despite the absence of perfect Fermi surface nesting. By accessing unoccupied conduction bands with time- and angle-resolved photoemission measurements, we find that monolayers and bilayers of Te in the unit cell host different CDWs that are associated with distinct energy gaps. The two gaps display dichotomous evolutions following photoexcitation, where the larger bilayer CDW gap exhibits less renormalization and faster recovery. Surprisingly, the CDW in the Te monolayer displays an additional momentum-dependent gap renormalization that cannot be captured by density-functional theory calculations. This phenomenon is attributed to interlayer interactions between the two CDW orders, which account for the semiconducting nature of the equilibrium state. Our findings not only offer microscopic insights into the correlated ground state of EuTe_{4} but also provide a general nonequilibrium approach to understand coexisting, layer-dependent orders in a complex system.

9.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(8): 159, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been widely applied in the therapy of malignant tumors, the efficacy and safety of ICIs in patients with tumors and pre-existing CAD, especially chronic coronary syndromes (CCS) or their risk factors (CRF), is not well identified. METHODS: This was a nationwide multicenter observational study that enrolled participants who diagnosed with solid tumors and received ICIs therapy. The main efficacy indicators were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), followed by objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR). Safety was assessed by describing treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) during ICIs therapy evaluated by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 5.0 (CTCAE 5.0). RESULTS: In the current research, we retrospectively analyzed the data of 551 patients diagnosed with solid tumors and received ICIs therapy, and these patients were divided into CCS/CRF group and non-CCS/CRF group. Patients with CCS/CRF had more favorable PFS and OS than patients without CCS/CRF (P < 0.001) and the pre-existing CCS/CRF was a protective factor for survival. The ORR (51.8% vs. 39.1%) and DCR (95.8% vs. 89.2%) were higher in CCS/CRF group than in non-CCS/CRF group (P = 0.003, P = 0.006). In this study, there was no significant difference in treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs), including immune-related adverse events (irAEs), between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that ICIs appear to have better efficacy in malignant solid tumor patients with pre-existing CCS/CRF and are not accompanied by more serious irAEs.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Masculino , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes
10.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 177, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to different concentration levels of fatty acids (FAs) may have an impact on depression. However, previous studies using individual FAs may not reflect the performance of mixtures of various FAs, and the associations of FA patterns with depression remain unclear. METHODS: We conducted the cross-sectional analysis in 792 adults aged 18 and older with available serum FAs and depression screening data in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012. The serum concentrations of thirty FAs were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and their percentage compositions were subsequently calculated. Depression was defined as the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥ 10. We employed principal component analysis to derive serum FA patterns. We examined the association between these patterns and depression in the overall population and various subgroups through survey-weighted logistic regression. RESULTS: Four distinct patterns of serum FAs were identified: 'high eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); low docosatetraenoic acid (DTA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) n-6', 'high long-chain saturated FA and long chain FA', 'low median-chain saturated FA and myristoleic acid' and 'low capric acid and lauric acid; high gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA)' pattern. Individuals in the high tertile of 'high EPA and DHA; low DTA and DPA n-6' pattern score had 0.46 (95% CI: 0.22, 0.93) lower odds of developing depression compared to individuals in the lowest tertile after adjusting for confounders such as age, sex, physical activity and total energy intake, etc. The odds ratio (OR) of depression was increased in the population with the highest tertile of 'low capric acid and lauric acid; high GLA and SDA' pattern (OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.24, 4.83). In subgroup analyses, we observed that the association between 'high EPA and DHA; low DTA and DPA n-6' and depression persisted among specific demographic and lifestyle subgroups, including females, non-Mexican Americans, non-obese, those aged over 60 years, smokers and drinkers. Similarly, 'low capric acid and lauric acid; high GLA and SDA' showed stable associations in female, non-Mexican Americans and smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Serum FA patterns are associated with depression, and their relationships vary across sex, race, BMI, age, smoking and drinking subgroups, highlighting the importance of considering specific FA patterns within these demographic and lifestyle categories. Utilization of combined FA administration may serve as a mitigation measure against depression in these specific populations.


Assuntos
Depressão , Ácidos Graxos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ácidos Decanoicos/sangue , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/sangue , Idoso , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/sangue , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Análise de Componente Principal
11.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(21): 499-502, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854461

RESUMO

The mathematical method to which theoretical epidemiology belongs is one of the three major methodologies in epidemiology. It is of great value in diagnosing infectious disease epidemic trends and evaluating the effectiveness of prevention and control measures. This paper aims to summarize the brief history of the development of theoretical epidemiology, common types of mathematical models, and key steps to develop a mathematical model. It also provides some thoughts and perspectives on the development and application of theoretical epidemiology in China.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(23): 13341-13347, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830118

RESUMO

Iron is an essential element in the composition of living organisms and plays a crucial role in a wide range of biological activities. The human body primarily obtains essential iron through the consumption of food. Therefore, it is vital for the health of human body to maintain iron homeostasis. The reducing character of the cellular microenvironment enables Fe2+ to occupy a dominant position within the cell. Hence, there is an urgent need for a simple and sensitive tool that can detect a large amount of Fe2+ in organisms. In this work, a highly specific fluorescent chemodosimeter NPCO ("NP" represents the naphthalimide fluorophore, and "CO" represents the carbamoyl oxime structure) for the detection of Fe2+ with excellent sensitivity (LOD = 82 nM) was constructed by incorporating a novel carbamoyl oxime structure as the recognition group. NPCO can be effectively employed for the detection of Fe2+ in food samples, living cells, and zebrafish. Furthermore, by using soybean sprouts as a model plant, the application of NPCO was expanded to detect Fe2+ in plants. Therefore, NPCO could be used as an excellent assay tool for detecting Fe2+ in organisms and is expected to be an important aid in exploring the mechanism of iron regulation.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Ferro , Oximas , Peixe-Zebra , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Animais , Ferro/análise , Ferro/química , Oximas/química
13.
BMJ Open ; 14(6): e083641, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851232

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neonatal jaundice is a common and life-threatening health problem in neonates due to overaccumulation of circulating unconjugated bilirubin. Gut flora has a potential influence on bilirubin metabolism. The infant gut microbiome is commonly copied from the maternal gut. During pregnancy, due to changes in dietary habits, hormones and body weight, maternal gut dysbiosis is common, which can be stabilised by probiotics supplementation. However, whether probiotic supplements can reach the baby through the mother and reduce the incidence of neonatal jaundice has not been studied yet. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the effect of prenatal maternal probiotic supplementation on the incidence of neonatal jaundice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial among 94 pregnant women (47 in each group) in a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong. Voluntary eligible participants will be recruited between 28 and 35 weeks of gestation. Computer-generated randomisation and allocation to either the intervention or control group will be carried out. Participants will take either one sachet of Vivomixx (450 billion colony-forming units per sachet) or a placebo per day until 1 week post partum. Neither the study participants nor researchers will know the randomisation and allocation. The intervention will be initiated at 36 weeks of gestation. Neonatal bilirubin level will be measured to determine the primary outcome (hyperbilirubinaemia) while the metagenomic microbiome profile of breast milk and maternal and infant stool samples as well as pregnancy outcomes will be secondary outcomes. Binary logistic and linear regressions will be carried out to assess the association of the microbiome data with different clinical outcomes. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is obtained from the Joint CUHK-NTEC Clinical Research Ethics Committee, Hong Kong (CREC Ref: 2023.100-T). Findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT06087874.


Assuntos
Icterícia Neonatal , Probióticos , Humanos , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Método Duplo-Cego , Gravidez , Icterícia Neonatal/prevenção & controle , Recém-Nascido , Hong Kong , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Bilirrubina/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos
14.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 64(2): 107229, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of ß-lactam antibiotics in critically ill patients may benefit dose optimisation, thus improving therapeutic outcomes. However, rapidly and accurately detecting these antibiotics in blood remains a challenge. This research group recently developed a thermometric biosensor called the New Delhi metallo-ß-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) biosensor, which detects multiple classes of ß-lactam antibiotics in spiked plasma samples. METHODS: This study assessed the NDM-1 biosensor's effectiveness in detecting plasma concentrations of ß-lactam antibiotics in treated patients. Seven patients receiving cefuroxime were studied. Plasma samples collected pre- and post-antibiotic treatment were analysed using the NDM-1 biosensor and compared with liquid chromatography coupled with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). RESULTS: The biosensor detected plasma samples without dilution, and a brief pre-treatment using a polyvinylidene fluoride filter significantly lowered matrix effects, reducing the running time to 5-8 minutes per sample. The assay's linear range for cefuroxime (6.25-200 mg/L) covered target concentrations during the trough phase of pharmacokinetics in critically ill patients. The pharmacokinetic properties of cefuroxime in treated patients determined by the NDM-1 biosensor and the UPLC-MS/MS were comparable, and the cefuroxime plasma concentrations measured by the two methods showed statistically good consistency. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that the NDM-1 biosensor assay is a fast, sensitive, and accurate method for detecting cefuroxime plasma concentrations in treated patients and highlights the NDM-1 biosensor as a promising tool for on-site TDM of ß-lactam antibiotics in critically ill patients.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e32164, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868071

RESUMO

Introduction: Differences in transmissibility of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants of concern (VOCs) in different districts are hard to assess. To address this, our study focused on calculating the Real-time reproduction number (R t ) for these variants in different regions. Methods: According to the criteria defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), the global landscape was categorized into six distinct regions. In each region, the predominant SARS-CoV-2 variant was first identified based on the proportion of variant sequencing analysis results. Then, using serial interval (SI) parameters, we calculated R t for the relevant Variant of Concern (VOC) in each region. This approach enabled us to compare the R t values of the same variant across different regions and analyze the transmissibility of each region's variant in relation to the overall situation in that region. Results: The progression of VOC for SARS-CoV-2 shows regional variations. However, a common sequence of evolution is observed: Wild-type → Alpha → Beta → Delta → Omicron. Moreover, an increasing trend is discerned within diverse regions where the shift in R t of distinct VOC corresponds with the overarching R t route of SARS-CoV-2 in specific regions. Conclusion: As the COVID-19 pandemic advances, regional epidemiological trends are aligning, likely due to similar virus mutations and shared public health strategies, suggesting opportunities for standardized global responses.

16.
Neurol Res ; : 1-10, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between herpes zoster (HZ) and stroke has been the subject of much previous research. Nevertheless, the connection remains ambiguous. A two-sample Mendelian randomisation study was conducted to explore the potential causal link between HZ and ischaemic stroke, including its subtypes. METHODS: For our MR analysis, we identified genetic instrumental variables related to both HZ and stroke by screening two prominent publicly accessible genome-wide association study databases. The primary approach involved using the inverse variance weighting method. To supplement this, we also employed methods such as MR-Egger regression, the weighted median approach, simple and weighted models. Lastly, to ascertain the stability and reliability of the results, we conducted tests for heterogeneity detection, horizontal pleiotropy assessment, and a leave-one-out analysis. RESULTS: The genetically predicted HZ did not indicate an association with stroke risk ([OR] 1.041; 95% [CI] 0.958-1.131;p = 0.336). This lack of association also held true for different subtypes of stroke: ischaemic stroke (OR = 1.047, 95% CI = 0.955-1.148, p = 0.323), large vessel stroke (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.90-1.41, p = 0.272), cardioembolic stroke (OR = 1.020, 95% CI = 0.859-1.211, p = 0.816), small vessel stroke (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.93-1.40, p = 0.195), and lacunar stroke (OR = 1.195, 95% CI = 0.967-1.476, p = 0.097). CONCLUSION: This MR study showed that not uncover a causal link between herpes zoster and ischaemic stroke. Additional research will be necessary in the future to shed light on the fundamental mechanisms involved.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857487

RESUMO

Albeit the undesirable attributes of NiOx, such as low conductivity, unmanageable defects, and redox reactions occurring at the perovskite/NiOx interface, which impede the progress in inverted perovskite solar cells (i-PSCs), it is the most favorable choice of technology for industrialization of PSCs. In this study, we propose a novel Ni vacancy defect modulate approach to leverage the conformal growth and surface self-limiting reaction characteristics of the atomic layer deposition (ALD)-fabricated NiOx by varying the O2 plasma injection time (tOE) to induce self-doping. Consequently, NiOx thin films with enhanced conductivity, an appropriate Ni3+/Ni2+ ratio, stable surface states, and ultrathinness are realized as hole-transporting layers (HTLs) in p-i-n PSCs. As a result of these improvements, ALD-NiOx-based devices exhibit the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 19.86% and a fill factor (FF) of 81.86%. Notably, the optimal interfacial defects effectively suppressed the severe reaction between the perovskite and NiOx. This suppression is evidenced by the lowest decay rate observed in a harsh environment, lasting for 500 consecutive hours. The proposed approach introduces the possibility of a hierarchical distribution of defects and offers feasibility for the fabrication of large-area, uniform, and high-quality films.

18.
Nanotechnology ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861977

RESUMO

Flexible pressure sensors have attracted wide attention because of their applications in wearable electronic, human-computer interface, and healthcare. However, it is still a challenge to design a pressure sensor with adjustable sensitivity in an ultrawide response range to satisfy the requirements of different application scenarios. Here, a laser patterned graphene pressure sensor (LPGPS) is proposed with adjustable sensitivity in an ultrawide response range based on the pre-stretched kirigami structure. Due to the out-of-plane deformation of the pre-stretched kirigami structure, the sensitivity can be easily tuned by simply modifying the pre-stretched level. As a result, it exhibits a maximum sensitivity of 0.243 kPa-1, an ultrawide range up to 1600 kPa, a low detection limit (6 Pa), a short response time (42 ms), and excellent stability with high pressure of 1200 kPa over 500 cycles. Benefiting from its high sensitivity and ultrawide response range, the proposed sensor can be applied to detect physiological and kinematic signals under different pressure intensities. Additionally, taking advantage of laser programmable patterning, it can be easily configured into an array to determine the pressure distribution. Therefore, LPGPS with adjustable sensitivity in an ultrawide response range has potential application in wearable electronic devices. .

19.
ACS Sens ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38864828

RESUMO

A new type of carbonized polymer dot was prepared by the one-step hydrothermal method of triethoxylsilane (TEOS) and citric acid (CA). The sensor made from carbonized polymer dots (CPDs) showed superior gas sensing performance toward ammonia at room temperature. The Si, O-codoped CPDs exhibited superior ammonia sensing performance at room temperature, including a low practical limit of detection (pLOD) of 1 ppm (Ra/Rg: 1.10, 1 ppm), short response/recovery time (30/36 s, 1 ppm), high humidity resistance (less than 5% undulation when changing relative humidity to 80 from 30%), high stability (less than 5% initial response undulation after 120 days), reliable repeatability, and high selectivity against other interferential gases. The gas sensing mechanism was investigated through control experiments and in situ FTIR, indicating that Si, O-codoping essentially improves the electron transfer capability of CPDs and synergistically dominates the superior ammonia sensing properties of the CPDs. This work presents a facile strategy for constructing novel high-performance, single-component carbonized polymer dots for gas sensing.

20.
Neurochem Res ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834843

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) is the second leading cause of death worldwide, posing a huge risk to human life and health. Therefore, investigating the pathogenesis underlying CIRI and developing effective treatments are essential. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent mode of cell death, which is caused by disorders in iron metabolism and lipid peroxidation. Previous studies demonstrated that ferroptosis is also a form of autophagic cell death, and nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4) mediated ferritinophagy was found to regulate ferroptosis by interfering with iron metabolism. Ferritinophagy and ferroptosis are important pathogenic mechanisms in CIRI. This review mainly summarizes the link and regulation between ferritinophagy and ferroptosis and further discusses their mechanisms in CIRI. In addition, the potential treatment methods targeting ferritinophagy and ferroptosis for CIRI are presented, providing new ideas for the prevention and treatment of clinical CIRI in the future.

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