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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255664, 2024. graf, mapas, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360227

RESUMO

Magnolia biondii Pamp is an important ornamental tree species widely grown and used as a rootstock in the propagation of different Magnolia varieties. In the current studies, anatomical, physiological and endogenous hormones were studied to check the effect of IBA 750 mg/L on the adventitious rooting and to provide theoretical and technical support for the propagation of Magnolia biondii Pamp through stem cuttings. Two thousand stem cuttings were prepared and divided into two groups i.e., IBA treated cuttings and water control. For the evaluation of antioxidant enzyme activities, and endogenous hormones levels, samples were collected on the day of planting and each 5th day and further steps were carried out in the laboratory according to the protocols and proper precautions. For the anatomical observations, samples were collected on the 13th, 15th, and 17th day for IBA treated cuttings while 21st, 23rd, and 25th day for control. Collected samples were preserved in the FAA solution and further observations were carried out in the laboratory. Anatomical observations showed that it took 13 days for the differentiation of root primordia to the appearance of young adventitious roots in IBA treated cuttings, while it took 21 days to develop primordia in the control. Antioxidant enzyme activities involved in ROS were significantly higher in the IBA treated cuttings compared to control. POD showed a peak on the 13th day before the emergence of roots in IBA treated cuttings while it showed a peak on the 21st day in the control. PPO showed a peak on the 21st day in the IBA treated cuttings while it showed a peak on the 29th day in the control. SOD showed a peak on the 17th day in IBA treated cuttings, while it showed a peak on the 25th day in the control. Exogenous application of IBA enhanced the endogenous IAA and GA3 levels compared to CK, while it reduced the levels of ABA continuously at the time of rooting and then increased gradually. Inclusively, our study suggests that IBA 750 mg/L is efficient for the rooting of Magnolia biondii Pamp cuttings, as it enhanced the process of antioxidant enzyme activities, endogenous hormones levels and reduced the time of root formation which is evident from the anatomical observations.


Magnolia biondii Pamp é uma importante espécie de árvore ornamental muito cultivada e utilizada como porta-enxerto na propagação de diferentes variedades de Magnolia. Nos estudos atuais, hormônios anatômicos, fisiológicos e endógenos foram estudados para verificar o efeito do AIB na dose de 750 mg / L no enraizamento adventício e fornecer suporte teórico e técnico para a propagação de M. biondii Pamp por meio de estacas. Duas mil estacas foram preparadas e divididas em dois grupos, ou seja, tratadas com AIB e controle de água. Para a avaliação das atividades das enzimas antioxidantes e dos níveis de hormônios endógenos, as amostras foram coletadas no dia do plantio e a cada 5 dias, enquanto as demais etapas foram realizadas em laboratório de acordo com os protocolos e os devidos cuidados. Para as observações anatômicas, as amostras foram coletadas no 13º, 15º e 17º dias para estacas tratadas com AIB e no 21º, 23º e 25º dias para o controle. As amostras coletadas foram preservadas em solução FAA, e outras observações foram realizadas em laboratório. Observações anatômicas mostraram a necessidade de 13 dias para a diferenciação dos primórdios radiculares até o aparecimento de raízes adventícias jovens em estacas tratadas com AIB e de 21 dias para o desenvolvimento dos primórdios no controle. As atividades das enzimas antioxidantes envolvidas nas ROS foram significativamente maiores nas estacas tratadas com AIB em comparação com o controle. A POD apresentou pico no 13º dia antes da emergência das raízes nas estacas tratadas com AIB, enquanto no 21º dia apresentou pico no controle. A PPO teve pico no 21º dia nas estacas tratadas com AIB e no 29º dia no controle. A SOD apresentou pico no 17º dia nas estacas tratadas com AIB e no 25º dia no controle. A aplicação exógena de AIB aumentou os níveis endógenos de IAA e GA3 em relação ao controle, enquanto reduziu os níveis de ABA continuamente no momento do enraizamento e, em seguida, aumentou gradativamente. Inclusive, nosso estudo sugere que o AIB na dose de 750 mg / L é eficiente para o enraizamento de estacas de M. biondii Pamp, visto que potencializou o processo de atividades de enzimas antioxidantes e os níveis de hormônios endógenos, além de reduzir o tempo de formação de raízes, o que fica evidente nas observações anatômicas.

2.
Food Chem ; 398: 133822, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961169

RESUMO

A portable device is conducive to the on-site detection of heavy metal ions at trace level in food and the prevention of related food safety issues. In this work, an electrochemical device stacked up with flat electrodes was developed for the detection of Pb2+ and Cd2+. The top layer of the device is a carbon paper as working electrode, which is modified with amino functionalized cobalt-based metal-organic framework and gold nanoparticles. The bottom layer was constructed with the carbon counter electrode and Ag/AgCl reference electrode, and a punched sample cell (Φ = 8 mm) was in the middle. The proposed method could simultaneously determinate Pb2+ and Cd2+ via anodic stripping voltammetry with the detection limit of 7.0 × 10-2 ng mL-1 and 1.1 × 10-2 ng mL-1, and was applied in real food samples (drinking water, juice, tea, grain, fruits, vegetables, liver and aquatic products) with the recovery of 91.2-105.4 % and 90.2-111.2 %, respectively.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cádmio , Carbono , Eletrodos , Ouro , Íons , Chumbo
3.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 141-149, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799534

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation and the NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 inflammasome play crucial roles in secondary tissue damage following an initial insult in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Maraviroc, a C-C chemokine receptor type 5 antagonist, has been viewed as a new therapeutic strategy for many neuroinflammatory diseases. We studied the effect of maraviroc on TBI-induced neuroinflammation. A moderate-TBI mouse model was subjected to a controlled cortical impact device. Maraviroc or vehicle was injected intraperitoneally 1 hour after TBI and then once per day for 3 consecutive days. Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling) analyses were performed to evaluate the molecular mechanisms of maraviroc at 3 days post-TBI. Our results suggest that maraviroc administration reduced NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 inflammasome activation, modulated microglial polarization from M1 to M2, decreased neutrophil and macrophage infiltration, and inhibited the release of inflammatory factors after TBI. Moreover, maraviroc treatment decreased the activation of neurotoxic reactive astrocytes, which, in turn, exacerbated neuronal cell death. Additionally, we confirmed the neuroprotective effect of maraviroc using the modified neurological severity score, rotarod test, Morris water maze test, and lesion volume measurements. In summary, our findings indicate that maraviroc might be a desirable pharmacotherapeutic strategy for TBI, and C-C chemokine receptor type 5 might be a promising pharmacotherapeutic target to improve recovery after TBI.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 402, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 7-p-trifluoromethylphenyl-FL118 (FLQY2) is a camptothecin analog with excellent antitumor efficacy against various solid tumors. However, its poor solubility and low bioavailability limited the development of the drug. Polyvinyl caprolactam-polyvinyl acetate-polyethylene glycol graft copolymer (Soluplus®), an emerging carrier for preparing solid dispersion (SD), encapsulated FLQY2 to circumvent the above limitations. RESULTS: In this project, FLQY2-SD was prepared by solvent evaporation method and self-assembled into micelles in aqueous solutions owing to the amphiphilic nature of Soluplus®. The physicochemical characterizations demonstrated that FLQY2 existed in a homogeneous amorphous form in SD and was rapidly dissolved. The micelles did not affect cytotoxicity or cellular uptake of FLQY2 in vitro, and the oral bioavailability was increased by 12.3-fold compared to the FLQY2 cyclodextrin suspension. The pharmacokinetics of FLQY2-SD showed rapid absorption, accumulation in the intestine, and slow elimination via fecal. Metabolite identification studies showed 14 novel metabolites were identified, including 12 phase I metabolites (M1-M12) and 2 phase II metabolites (M13-M14), of which M2 (oxidation after decarboxylation) and M7 (dioxolane ring cleavage) were the primary metabolites in the positive mode and negative mode, respectively. The tumor growth inhibition rate (TGI, 81.1%) of FLQY2-SD (1.5 mpk, p.o./QW) in tumor-bearing mice after oral administration was higher than that of albumin-bound Paclitaxel (15 mpk, i.v./Q4D) and Irinotecan hydrochloride (100 mpk, i.p./QW). CONCLUSIONS: The successful preparation, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics studies of FLQY2-SD showed that the solubility and bioavailability of FLQY2 were improved, which facilitated the further druggability development of FLQY2.


Assuntos
Excipientes , Micelas , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Excipientes/química , Camundongos , Solubilidade
5.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(9): 771, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068223

RESUMO

Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is considered a protective factor to protect host from bacterial infection, while how it elicits this role is unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that deficiency of triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) significantly enhanced macrophage pyroptosis induced by four common pyogenic bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli. TREM2 deficiency also decreased bacterial killing ratio of macrophage, while Caspase-1 or GSDMD inhibition promoted macrophage-mediated clearance to these bacteria. Further study demonstrated that the effect of TREM2 on macrophage pyroptosis and bacterial eradication mainly dependents on the activated status of NLRP3 inflammasome. Moreover, as the key downstream of TREM2, ß-catenin phosphorylated at Ser675 by TREM2 signal and accumulated in nucleus and cytoplasm. ß-catenin mediated the effect of TREM2 on NLRP3 inflammasome and macrophage pyroptosis by reducing NLRP3 expression, and inhibiting inflammasome complex assembly by interacting with ASC. Collectively, TREM2/ß-catenin inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome to regulate macrophage pyroptosis, and enhances macrophage-mediated pyogenic bacterial clearance.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Piroptose , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , beta Catenina/metabolismo
6.
Cell Rep ; 40(10): 111313, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070687

RESUMO

Functional implication of stromal heterogeneity in the prostate remains incompletely understood. Using lineage tracing and light-sheet imaging, we show that some fibroblast cells at the mouse proximal prostatic ducts and prostatic urethra highly express Lgr5. Genetic ablation of these anatomically restricted stromal cells, but not nonselective ablation of prostatic stromal cells, rapidly induces prostate epithelial turnover and dedifferentiation that are reversed following spontaneous restoration of the Lgr5+ stromal cells. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis indicates that ablating the Lgr5+ stromal cells activates a mechanosensory response. Ablating the Lgr5+ stromal cells impairs the control of prostatic ductal outlet, increases prostate tissue stiffness, and activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Suppressing MAPK overrides the elevated epithelial proliferation. In summary, the Lgr5+ stromal cells regulate prostate tissue homeostasis and maintain its functional integrity in a long-distance manner. Our study implies that the cells at organ junctions most likely control organ homeostasis by sustaining a balanced mechanoforce.


Assuntos
Próstata , Células Estromais , Animais , Homeostase , Masculino , Camundongos , Próstata/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células Estromais/metabolismo
7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 956086, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072863

RESUMO

Coronary collateralization is substantially impaired in patients with type 2 diabetes and occlusive coronary artery disease, which leads to aggravated myocardial ischemia and a more dismal prognosis. In a diabetic setting, altered serum lipid profiles and profound glycoxidative modification of lipoprotein particles induce endothelial dysfunction, blunt endothelial progenitor cell response, and severely hamper growth and maturation of collateral vessels. The impact of dyslipidemia and lipid-lowering treatments on coronary collateral formation has become a topic of heightened interest. In this review, we summarized the association of triglyceride-based integrative indexes, hypercholesterolemia, increased Lp(a) with its glycoxidative modification, as well as quantity and quality abnormalities of high-density lipoprotein with impaired collateral formation. We also analyzed the influence of innovative lipid-modifying strategies on coronary collateral development. Therefore, clinical management of diabetic dyslipidemia should take into account of its effect on coronary collateralization in patients with occlusive coronary artery disease.

8.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 8287192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072896

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of infrared combined with methylcobalamin on the vibratory sensory threshold and lower limb nerve conduction velocity of patients with diabetic foot. Methods: One hundred and six patients with diabetic foot in our hospital from February 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled and divided into the study and control groups. The patients in the control group were given methylcobalamin, and the patients in the research group were treated with infrared light on the basis of the control group. The therapeutic effect, vibration sensory threshold, lower limb nerve conduction velocity, and related biochemical index levels before and after treatment in the two groups were counted. Result: The total effective rate of the study group (94.34%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (81.13%). The left/right lower limb vibration sensation threshold decreased in both groups after treatment, and the study group was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The conduction velocity of the left/right common peroneal nerve and tibial nerve increased in both groups after treatment, and the study group was larger than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The bFGF, VEGF, and APN increased in both groups after treatment. VEGF and APN increased and IL-6 and TNF-α decreased in both groups after treatment, and the study group was better than the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Infrared and methylcobalamin combined treatment of diabetic foot can effectively improve lower extremity nerve conduction velocity and vibration sensory threshold, regulate serum bFGF and VEGF levels, reduce the degree of inflammatory response, and help improve the overall treatment effect.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Pé Diabético/tratamento farmacológico , Neuropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Condução Nervosa/fisiologia , Limiar Sensorial , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Vitamina B 12/análogos & derivados
9.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 436, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neural stem cells (NSCs)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) possess great potential in treating severe neurological and cerebrovascular diseases, as they carry the modulatory and regenerative ingredients of NSCs. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-derived NSCs culture represents a sustainable source of therapeutic EVs. However, there exist two major challenges in obtaining a scalable culture of NSCs for high-efficiency EVs production: (1) the heterogeneity of iPSC-derived NSCs culture impairs the production of high-quality EVs and (2) the intrinsic propensity of neuronal or astroglial differentiation of NSCs during prolonged culturing reduces the number of NSCs for preparing EVs. A NSCs strain that is amenable to stable self-renewal and proliferation is thus greatly needed for scalable and long-term culture. METHODS: Various constructs of the genes encoding the orphan nuclear receptor NR2E1 (TLX) were stably transfected in iPSCs, which were subsequently cultured in a variety of differentiation media for generation of iNSCsTLX. Transcriptomic and biomarker profile of iNSCsTLX were investigated. In particular, the positivity ratios of Sox2/Nestin and Musashi/Vimentin were used to gauge the homogeneity of the iNSCsTLX culture. The iNSCs expressing a truncated version of TLX (TLX-TP) was expanded for up to 45 passages, after which its neuronal differentiation potential and EV activity were evaluated. RESULTS: Stable expression of TLX-TP could confer the iPSCs with rapid and self-driven differentiation into NSCs through stable passaging up to 225 days. The long-term culture of NSCs maintained the highly homogenous expression of NSC-specific biomarkers and potential of neuronal differentiation. EVs harvested from the TLX-expressing NSCs cultures exhibited anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities. CONCLUSIONS: iPSC-derived NSCs stably expressing TLX-TP is a promising cell line for scalable production of EVs, which should be further exploited for therapeutic development in neurological treatment.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Células-Tronco Neurais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo
10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 149: 112917, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An overdose of acetaminophen (APAP) causes acute liver damage and lead to liver failure. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to find drugs for the treatment of APAP-induced liver injury. Diacerein is clinically used drug for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Here, we evaluate the pharmacological effects and potential mechanisms of diacerein in APAP-induced liver injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 mice were treated with diacerein by gavage, followed by intraperitoneal injection of APAP (400 mg/kg) to induce acute liver injury in mice. RNA-sequencing analysis and in vitro kinase assay were performed to explore the underlying mechanisms of diacerein. The experimental results showed that pretreatment with diacerein could inhibit APAP-induced elevation of serum AST and ALT levels, hepatic histopathological damage, oxidative stress, hepatocyte death, and mitochondrial damage in mice. The RNA-sequencing analysis and in vitro kinase assay indicated that indicating that JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) is involved in that liver-protective effects of Diacerein. Diacerein could directly and selectively inhibit JNK kinase phosphorylation in cell-free system. We further confirmed that diacerein inhibits APAP-activated JNK pathway to reduce injury response in mouse livers and cultured AML12 cells. Deficiency of JNK in AML12 cells abolished the anti-injury effects of diacerein. CONCLUSION: Our experimental results suggest that diacerein protects APAP-induced liver injury by the inhibition of JNK kinase phosphorylation, rendering diacerein may serve as a potential therapeutic drug for the prevention of acute liver injury.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Acetaminofen/farmacologia , Animais , Antraquinonas , Apoptose , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Hepatócitos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fígado , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA/metabolismo
11.
Innovation (Camb) ; 3(5): 100300, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051818
13.
Int Dent J ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055803

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this research was to analyse the correlation between intracapsular pressure and shrinkage rate of cystic lesion volume at different time points after decompression and to evaluate the relationship between the concentration of interleukin-1α (IL-1α) in cystic fluid and intracapsular pressure. METHODS: Fifty patients with jaw cystic lesions who underwent decompression were included. We measured the intracapsular pressure and IL-1α concentration in the cyst fluid. Moreover, we calculated the rate of shrinkage (RS) of cystic cavity volume at different time points. In addition, data on age, sex, preoperative cystic cavity volume, and lesion location were collected. Linear correlation analysis and variance analysis were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Fastest volume decline was observed between 0 and 3 months after surgery; the average RS0-3 was 45.71%. RS3-6 presented the second-fastest volume decline, with an average of 17.46%, and RS6-12 presented the slowest volume decline, with an average of 3.933%. A statistically significant difference in RS was observed amongst the 3 time points (P < .0001). RS0-3 was negatively correlated with intracapsular pressure (r = -0.6326, n = 50, P < .0001). A negative correlation between the preoperative cystic cavity volume and intracapsular pressure (r = -0.6384, n = 50, P < .001) was also observed. A significant positive correlation was observed between preoperative cystic cavity volume and RS0-3 (r = 0.611, n = 50, P < .0001). Moreover, a significant positive correlation was observed between the intracapsular pressure and IL-1α concentration in the cystic fluid (r = 0.03477, n = 50, P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Intracapsular pressure and the preoperative volume were the factors that affected the RS during the first 3 months after surgery. Therefore, the effectiveness of decompression can be evaluated by the intracapsular pressure and preoperative volume.

14.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardioversion and catheter-based circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) are established rhythm control treatment strategies for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, these treatments are contraindicated for AF patients with a left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus. METHODS: We conducted the first-in-man case series study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of performing cardioversion or CPVI in AF patients with LAA thrombus immediately after implantation of LAA Occluder (LAAO) in a combined procedure. In our multi-center LAAO registry of 310 patients, 27 symptomatic and drug-refractory AF patients underwent a combined procedure of LAAO and CPVI, among whom 10 (mean age 68 ± 16 years, 6 men) having anticoagulant-resistant LAA thrombus received a bailout procedure of LAAO implantation first then CPVI, and the other 17 patients without LAA thrombus received CPVI first then LAAO for comparison. RESULTS: The mean CHA2DS2-VASc score and HAS-BLED score were comparable between these two groups. In patients with LAA thrombus, we put carotid filters and did a no-touch technique, neither advancing the wire and sheath into the LAA nor performing LAA angiography. After LAAO implantation, the connecting cable was still connected to the occluder when cardioversion was performed. During CPVI, the occluder location was registered in the LA geometry by three-dimensional mapping to guide the catheter not to touch the LAAO. The procedure was successful in all the patients without intra-procedural complications. After a mean follow-up of 1.7 ± 0.7 years, there was no device embolization, peri-device leak ≧ 5 mm or stroke event in both groups. The AF recurrence rate was also similar between the two groups (P = 0.697). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that cardioversion or CPVI is doable in symptomatic AF patients with LAA thrombus if LAA was occluded ahead as a bailout procedure.

15.
Front Nutr ; 9: 965796, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046134

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to acquire information for future breeding efforts aimed at improving fruit quality via effects on aroma by comparing the diversity of Chinese local peach cultivars across 10 samples of three varieties (honey peach, yellow peach, and flat peach). The volatile components of peach fruits were analyzed and identified by gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the main flavor components of peach fruit were determined by relative odor activity value (ROAV) and principal component analysis (PCA). A total number of 57 volatile components were detected by GC-IMS, including eight aldehydes, nine alcohols, eight ketones, 22 esters, two acids, two phenols, two pyrazines, one thiophene, one benzene, and two furans. The proportion of esters was up to 38.6%. A total of 88 volatile components were detected by GC-MS, among which 40 were key aroma compounds, with an ROAV ≥ 1. The analysis results showed that alcohols, ketones, esters, and aldehydes contributed the most to the aroma of peach fruit. PCA demonstrated that (E,E)-2, 6-non-adienal, γ-decalactone, ß-ionone, and hexyl hexanoate were the key contributors to the fruit aroma. A reference for future directional cultivation and breeding could be provided by this study through evaluating the aroma quality of the peach at the cultivar level. The possible reasonable application of these peach fruits pulp will be guided through these research.

16.
Heliyon ; 8(8): e10201, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046534

RESUMO

Aims: This study aims to screen the potential targets of tetrandrine (Tet) against pulmonary fibrosis (PF) based on network pharmacological analysis, molecular docking and experimental verification. Main methods: The network pharmacology methods were employed to predict targets, construct Tet-PF-intersection target-pathway networks, and screen the candidate targets. The molecular docking was performed using AutoDockTools1.5.6. TGF-ß1-induced human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were used as an in vitro experimental verification model, taking dexamethasone (Dex) as the positive control, to verify the effects of Tet on the mRNA expression of the candidate targets. Key findings: Six candidate targets were predicted based on network pharmacology and molecular docking, namely PIK3CA, PDPK1, RAC1, PTK2, KDR, and RPS6KB1. The experimental verification results showed that Dex and Tet presented quite different pharmacological effects. Specifically, compared with the model group, both Dex and Tet (5 µΜ) significantly increased the mRNA expression of PIK3CA and KDR (P < 0.001). Dex up-regulated the mRNA expression of PDPK1 and RAC1, while Tet (1.25 µΜ) down-regulated (P < 0.001). Dex up-regulated the mRNA expression of PTK2, but Tet had no effect. Dex down-regulated RPS6KB1 mRNA expression, while Tet (5 µΜ) up-regulated (P < 0.01). Significance: Combined with the results of theoretical calculation and experimental verification, and considering the roles of these targets in the pathogenesis of PF, Tet might antagonize PF by acting on PDPK1 and RAC1. The results of this study will provide scientific reference for the prevention and clinical diagnosis and treatment of PF.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 896601, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046815

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent psychiatric disorder. But the treatment of depression remains challenging. Anti-inflammatory treatments frequently produce antidepressant effects. EPO-derived helix-B peptide ARA290 has been reported to retain the anti-inflammatory and tissue-protective functions of EPO without erythropoiesis-stimulating effects. The effects of ARA290 on MDD remain elusive. This study established chronic unpredictable mild stress and chronic social defeat stress mouse models. Daily administration of ARA290 during chronic stress induction in two mouse models ameliorated depression-like behavior, similar to fluoxetine. With marginal effects on peripheral blood hemoglobin and red cells, ARA290 and fluoxetine reversed chronic stress-induced increased frequencies and/or numbers of CD11b+Ly6Ghi neutrophils and CD11b+Ly6Chi monocytes in the bone marrow and meninges. Furthermore, both drugs reversed chronic stress-induced microglia activation. Thus, ARA290 ameliorated chronic stress-induced depression-like behavior in mice through, at least partially, its anti-inflammatory effects.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 829630, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046818

RESUMO

The histone methyltransferase SET and MYND domain protein 2 (SMYD2) has been implicated in tumorigenesis through methylating histone H3 at lysine36 (H3K36) and some non-histone substrates. Currently, the role of SMYD2 in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of AZ505, a highly selective inhibitor of SMYD2, on the development of AKI and the mechanisms involved in a murine model of cisplatin-induced AKI. SMYD2 and trimethylated histone H3K36 (H3K36Me3) were highly expressed in the kidney following cisplatin treatment; administration of AZ505 remarkedly inhibited their expression, along with improving kidney function and ameliorating kidney damage. AZ505 also attenuated kidney tubular cell injury and apoptosis as evidenced by diminished the expression of neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule (Kim-1), reduced the number of TUNEL positive cells, decreased the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and the BAX/BCL-2 ratio in injured kidneys. Moreover, AZ505 inhibited cisplatin-induced phosphorylation of p53, a key driver of kidney cell apoptosis and reduced expression of p21, a cell cycle inhibitor. Meanwhile, AZ505 promoted expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and cyclin D1, two markers of cell proliferation. Furthermore, AZ505 was effective in suppressing the phosphorylation of STAT3 and NF-κB, two transcriptional factors associated with kidney inflammation, attenuating the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and reducing infiltration of F4/80+ macrophages to the injured kidney. Finally, in cultured HK-2 cells, silencing of SMYD2 by specific siRNA inhibited cisplatin-induced apoptosis of kidney tubular epithelial cells. Collectively, these results suggests that SMYD2 is a key determinant of cisplatin nephrotoxicity and targeting SMYD2 protects against cisplatin-induced AKI by inhibiting apoptosis and inflammation and promoting cell proliferation.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 902302, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046827

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant cancer of the digestive tract and is a life-threatening disease worldwide. Ferroptosis is a newly discovered form of regulated cell death, which involves the accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides. It has been found that ferroptosis plays an important regulatory role in the occurrence, development, drug resistance, and prognosis of GC. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play a critical role in the occurrence and progression of a variety of diseases including GC. In recent years, the role of ferroptosis and ferroptosis-related ncRNAs (miRNA, lncRNA, and circRNA) in the occurrence, development, drug resistance, and prognosis of GC has attracted more and more attention. Herein, we briefly summarize the roles and functions of ferroptosis and ferroptosis-related ncRNAs in GC tumorigenesis, development, and prognosis. We also prospected the future research direction and challenges of ferroptosis and ferroptosis-related ncRNAs in GC.

20.
Psych J ; 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058882

RESUMO

This study examined the correlations of affective and cognitive components of empathy with reward anticipation toward monetary and social incentives in individuals with social anhedonia (SocAnh). According to the scores on the Revised Social Anhedonia Scale, 109 participants were divided into high (n = 57) and low (n = 52) SocAnh groups. Empathy was assessed with the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy (QCAE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) Scale. Social and non-social reward anticipations were assessed by the Social and Monetary Incentive Delay Tasks, respectively. We performed independent-sample t tests and repeated-measures ANOVAs to examine the group differences on empathy and reward anticipation. Correlation analyses between empathy and reward anticipation were conducted. Results showed that the high SocAnh group reported reduced scores on empathy and reward anticipation for monetary and social incentives compared to their low SocAnh counterparts. Correlation analysis further indicated that monetary reward anticipation correlated with cognitive empathy, while social reward anticipation correlated with affective empathy. Our findings suggested that participants with high SocAnh exhibited poorer empathy and reduced reward anticipation than those with low SocAnh level. More importantly, social and non-social reward anticipation may distinctly contribute to affective and cognitive components of empathy.

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