Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.335
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9953664, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212043

RESUMO

Cirsimarin is a bioactive antilipogenic flavonoid isolated from the cotyledons of Abrus precatorius and represents one of the most abundant flavonoids present in this plant species. Cirsimarin exhibits excellent antioxidant, lipolysis, and other biological properties; it can effectively trigger lipid movement and demonstrates antiobesity effects. In this work, an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of cirsimarin in rat plasma after intravenous administration. A standard curve of cirsimarin in blank rat plasma was generated over the concentration range of 1-3000 ng/mL. Six rats were administered cirsimarin intravenously (1 mg/kg). The method only required 50 µL of plasma for sample preparation, and the plasma proteins were precipitated with acetonitrile to pretreat the plasma sample. The precisions of cirsimarin in rat plasma were less than 14%, while the accuracies varied between 92.5% and 107.3%. In addition, the matrix effect varied between 103.6% and 107.4%, while the recoveries were greater than 84.2%. This UPLC-MS/MS method was then applied in measuring the pharmacokinetics of cirsimarin in rats. The AUC(0-t) values of cirsimarin from the pharmacokinetic analysis were 1068.2 ± 359.2 ng/mL·h for intravenous administration. The half-life (t 1/2) was 1.1 ± 0.4 h (intravenous), indicating that the metabolism of the compound was quick in the rats. Exploring the pharmacokinetics of cirsimarin in vivo can help better understand its metabolism.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213968

RESUMO

Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicinal plant. In April 2018 and 2019, a leaf spot disease was observed on ∼20% of B. striata plants in two fields (∼1.4 h) in Guilin, Guangxi Province, China (Fig.1 A). Small, circular, brown spots were initially observed on the leaf surfaces, which progressively expanded into large, sunken, dark brown, necrotic areas. As the disease progressed, lesions merged into large, irregular spots, ultimately resulting in abscission. To determine the causal agent, small pieces (5 mm x 5 mm) were collected from the infected leaf tissues (n = 18), surface sterilized in 1% NaOCl for 2 min, and rinsed three times with sterile water. Then, the tissues were placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) with chloramphenicol (0.1 g/L) and incubated under 12 h photoperiod at 26°C for 3 days. Seventeen isolates were obtained, of which twelve isolates with similar morphological characteristics were obtained from the germinated spores on PDA. Seven-day-old colonies on PDA appeared cottony, pale white to pale gray from above, and grayish-green from below. Conidia of strain BJ-101.3 were hyaline, aseptate, straight, and cylindrical, with rounded ends (Fig.1 E-G), measuring 11.3 to 15.9 µm × 4.0 to 6.4 µm (n = 50). Appressoria were brown to dark brown, with different shapes and a smooth edge (Fig.1 H-I), measuring 6.3 to 10.0 µm × 4.1 to 8.0 µm (n = 50). Morphological features were similar to C. gloeosporioides species complex (Weir et al. 2012, Fuentes-Aragón et al. 2018). For molecular identification, DNA was extracted from two isolates BJ-101.3 and BJ-101.13, following the CTAB method (Guo et al. 2000). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, partial actin (ACT), calmodulin (CAL), chitin synthase (CHS-1), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2), beta-tubulin (TUB2), glutamine synthetase (GS), and Apn2-Mat1-2 intergenic spacer and partial mating-type (ApMat) genes were amplified by PCR and sequenced (Weir et al. 2012, Silva et al. 2012, Vieira et al. 2017). The obtained sequences were deposited in GenBank (MW386818, MW386819, MW403508 to MW403519, and MW888410 to MW888413). BLASTN analysis of the obtained sequences showed 99% identity with those of C. fructicola (JX010165,JX010033, FJ917508, FJ907426, JX009866, JX010095, JX010327, JX010405, JQ807838) (Weir et al. 2012, Liu et al. 2015). A phylogenetic tree based on the concatenated sequences confirmed the isolates as C. fructicola (Fig.2). Furthermore, pathogenicity tests were conducted on six 1.5-year-old B. striata plants. Healthy leaves on the plants were inoculated with the conidial suspensions (106 conidia/mL; 10 µL) of the strains BJ-101.3 and BJ101.13. The conidial suspension of each isolate was inoculated onto at least three leaves. Another three plants inoculated with sterile water served as the control. All plants were covered with transparent plastic bags and incubated in a greenhouse at 26°C for 14 days with a 12 h photoperiod. Nine days post-inoculation, the inoculated leaves showed leaf spot symptoms, while the control plants remained symptomless (Fig.1 B-C). The experiments repeated three times showed similar results. Finally, C. fructicola was consistently reisolated from the infected leaves and confirmed by morphology and sequencing, fulfilling Koch's postulates. The outcome of this study will help in developing effective management measures against anthracnose of B. striata.

3.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; : 100117, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214668

RESUMO

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The proteome characterization of glaucoma is not clearly understood. A total of 175 subjects, including 57 primary acute angle-closure glaucoma (PAACG), 50 Primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma (PCACG), 35 neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and 33 cataract patients, were enrolled and comparison proteomic analysis was provided. Above samples were randomly divided into discovery group or validation group, whose AH proteome were analyzed by data-independent acquisition method or by parallel reaction monitor method. The common proteome features of three types of glaucoma were immune response, lipid metabolism and cell death. Three proteins, VTN, SERPIND1 and CD14, showed significantly up-regulated in glaucoma, and could discriminate glaucoma from cataract. Mutual differential proteomic analysis of PAACG, PCACG and NVG showed different proteome characterization of the three types of glaucoma. NVG was characterized with activated angiogenesis. PAACG was characterized with activation of inflammation response. SERPIND1 was discovered to play vital role in glaucoma occurrences, which is associated with eye transparency decrease and glucose metabolism. This study would provide insights in understanding proteome characterization of glaucoma and benefit the clinical application of AH proteome.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215983

RESUMO

Municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWIFA) is considered as a hazardous solid waste because of the high mobility of heavy metals. In this study, the removal of heavy metals in MSWIFA using lactic acid fermentation broth (LAFB) under various leaching protocols (i.e. LAFB addition amount and timing) was investigated. Results revealed that compared with that in pure lactic acid solution, the synergistic effect of various substances in LAFB was more favourable to the dissolution of heavy metals. Although the content of acid-soluble heavy metals in MSWIFA decreased after leaching with LAFB, the leaching toxicity measured by acetic acid buffer solution method increased to varying degrees (except that of Cr). Moreover, the maximum leaching concentration of Pb was 14.1 mg/L (standard limit, 0.25 mg/L), which was not conducive to the landfill treatment of MSWIFA. However, if the LAFB-treated MSWIFA was used in cement kiln for co-disposal, the amount of MSWIFA entering the kiln was 6.0 percentage points higher than that in pure water leaching. Therefore, LAFB leaching instead of water leaching is expected to be an effective pre-treatment method for the utilisation of MSWIFA.

5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 127: 112197, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225850

RESUMO

Scaffolds prepared by 3D printing are increasingly used in the field of bone tissue repair. However, on traditional 3D printed bone tissue engineering scaffolds, cells can only grow on the fiber surface and form bone. We designed a scaffold with a cross-scale structure of PCL/ß-TCP, which contains thick fibers with a diameter of 500 µm printed by FDM. And in the pores of the coarse fiber, the ultra-high precision fine fiber grid with a diameter of about 10 µm is filled by MEW mode. In cell experiments, cells can not only grow on the thick fiber surface of the cross-scale scaffold. At the same time, the mesh structure of fine fibers provides a bridge for cell growth, allowing cells to pass through the pores of thick fibers and grow in the pores and gradually cover the pores of the scaffold. In the osteoinduction experiment, ß-TCP in the PCL/ß-TCP composite provides Ca2+ and PO43- to the scaffold, which effectively promotes the osteogenic differentiation of cells on the scaffold. Compared with traditional scaffolds, the osteogenic performance of cross-scale scaffolds is greatly improved. Not only did bone form on the surface of the scaffold, but also obvious ALP expression and effective calcium precipitation appeared in the pores of the scaffold. This can effectively speed up the repair of bone defects. We believe that the 3D printed PCL/ß-TCP cross-scale scaffold with high-precision fibers has great application prospects in the field of bone tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Poliésteres , Osso e Ossos , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Impressão Tridimensional , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
6.
JCI Insight ; 6(13)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236050

RESUMO

Therapy-related clonal hematopoiesis (t-CH) is often observed in cancer survivors. This form of clonal hematopoiesis typically involves somatic mutations in driver genes that encode components of the DNA damage response and confer hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) with resistance to the genotoxic stress of the cancer therapy. Here, we established a model of TP53-mediated t-CH through the transfer of Trp53 mutant HSPCs to mice, followed by treatment with a course of the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin. These studies revealed that neutrophil infiltration in the heart significantly contributes to doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity and that this condition is amplified in the model of Trp53-mediated t-CH. These data suggest that t-CH could contribute to the elevated heart failure risk that occurs in cancer survivors who have been treated with genotoxic agents.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 1989-1997, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212603

RESUMO

Gaseous nitrogen (N) emission [nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N2O), and nitrogen (N2)] is an important pathway of soil N loss. Nitrification and denitrification are the main processes of gaseous N production in soil. However, the contribution of heterotrophic nitrification, co-denitrification, and anammox to gaseous N production remains uncertain. In a laboratory soil incubation experiment, we used the 15N labelling and pairing technique, combining the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD), to quantify the contribution of different microbial processes to soil NO, N2O and N2 production under anaerobic conditions. The results showed that after 24 h anaerobic incubation, the highest total 15N recovery of three gases occurred at 65% water filled pore space (WFPS), accounting for 20.0% of total added 15N. Denitrification contributed 49.9%-94.1%, 29.0%-84.7%, and 58.2%-85.8% to the production of NO, N2O and N2 respectively, suggesting that denitrification was the predominant process of those three N gases emission. Heterotrophic nitrification was an important pathway of NO and N2O production, particularly at conditions with low soil water content (10% WFPS), with its contribution to those two N gases production being 50.1% and 42.8%, respectively. Co-denitrification contributed 10.6%-30.7% of N2O production. For N2 production, the total contribution of co-denitrification and anammox was 14.2%-41.8%. The role of co-denitrification can not be ignored for N2O and N2 production. Our results demonstrated that the 15N labelling and pairing technique is a promising tool to quantify the contribution of different microbial processes to gaseous N loss.


Assuntos
Óxido Nitroso , Solo , Anaerobiose , Desnitrificação , Gases , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2169-2179, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212623

RESUMO

Using the four periods of land use data and socio-economic statistics of Lanzhou City in 1995, 2005, 2015 and 2018, we examined the evolution characteristics and driving forces of urban land use in Lanzhou, with expansion intensity index, Logistic regression, and principal component analysis method. Based on the multi-agent model, the expansion of urban land use in Lanzhou under multiple scenarios in 2025 was simulated using Netlogo software. The results showed that the intensity and scale of urban land expansion in Lanzhou City from 1995 to 2018 showed an increasing trend, with a total of 307 km2 of cultivated land and water area. The expansion of urban land in Lanzhou City was significantly related to regional GDP, social fixed asset investment, population density, population, policy, and terrain. The multi-agent model on the Netlogo software could simulate the expansion trend of urban land in Lanzhou, which provided a reliable simulation method for the expansion of valley-type cities. From 2020 to 2025, urban land use under the comprehensive development scenario, natural expansion development scenario, ecological and farmland protection development scenario all showed an increasing trend. The scale of expansion would range between 42.6-134.3 km2. The expansion mode would mainly be infilled expansion. Our results could provide decision support for the land space planning and ecological environment layout optimization for Lanzhou City.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Urbanização , China , Cidades , Simulação por Computador
9.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205154

RESUMO

The genus Curculigo, as a folk herbal medicine, has been used for many years in China, treating impotence, limb limpness, and arthritis of the lumbar and knee joints. The last systematic review of the genus Curculigo was written in 2013, scientifically categorizing the phytochemistry and biological activities. Hitherto, the original compounds and their pharmacological activities were presented as the development of this genus, but there is not an updated review. To conclude the progression of the genus Curculigo, we collected the new literature published from 2013 to 2021 in PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar databases, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure. The novel chlorophenolic glucosides, curculigine, phenolic glycosides, orcinosides and polysaccharides were isolated from Curculigo. The new analyzing methods were established to control the quality of Curculigo as a herbal medicine. In addition, the pharmacological effects of Curculigo focused on anti-diabetes, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, osteoporosis, antioxidation, etc. The antitumor and neuroprotective activities were newly explored in recent years. The application of herbal medicine was gradually developed in scientific methods. The medicinal value of the genus Curculigo needs to further investigate its pharmacological mechanisms. This new review offers more insights into the exploitation of the pharmacological value of the genus Curculigo.


Assuntos
Curculigo/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Etnofarmacologia , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
10.
Hear Res ; 407: 108292, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214947

RESUMO

The use of explosive devices in war and terrorism has increased exposure to concussive blasts among both military personnel and civilians, which can cause permanent hearing and balance deficits that adversely affect survivors' quality of life. Significant knowledge gaps on the underlying etiology of blast-induced hearing loss and balance disorders remain, especially with regard to the effect of blast exposure on the vestibular system, the impact of multiple blast exposures, and long-term recovery. To address this, we investigated the effects of blast exposure on the inner ear using a mouse model in conjunction with a high-fidelity blast simulator. Anesthetized animals were subjected to single or triple blast exposures, and physiological measurements and tissue were collected over the course of recovery for up to 180 days. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) indicated significantly elevated thresholds across multiple frequencies. Limited recovery was observed at low frequencies in single-blasted mice. Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (DPOAEs) were initially absent in all blast-exposed mice, but low-amplitude DPOAEs could be detected at low frequencies in some single-blast mice by 30 days post-blast, and in some triple-blast mice at 180 days post-blast. All blast-exposed mice showed signs of Tympanic Membrane (TM) rupture immediately following exposure and loss of outer hair cells (OHCs) in the basal cochlear turn. In contrast, the number of Inner Hair Cells (IHCs) and spiral ganglion neurons was unchanged following blast-exposure. A significant reduction in IHC pre-synaptic puncta was observed in the upper turns of blast-exposed cochleae. Finally, we found no significant loss of utricular hair cells or changes in vestibular function as assessed by vestibular evoked potentials. Our results suggest that (1) blast exposure can cause severe, long-term hearing loss which may be partially due to slow TM healing or altered mechanical properties of healed TMs, (2) traumatic levels of sound can still reach the inner ear and cause basal OHC loss despite middle ear dysfunction caused by TM rupture, (3) blast exposure may result in synaptopathy in humans, and (4) balance deficits after blast exposure may be primarily due to traumatic brain injury, rather than damage to the peripheral vestibular system.

11.
Orthop Surg ; 13(4): 1389-1397, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of improved perioperative sleep on pain, analgesic consumption, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients who were undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Original studies published from 1 January 1970 to 30 September 2020 were queried in three unique databases using a common search term. The searches sought randomized controlled trials (RCT) investigating the effectiveness of sleep quality or quantity interventions for pain control early after TKA or THA. Grey literature was also searched by screening trial registers. There was no limitation on published language and patients. Two reviewers then assessed studies for eligibility. Eligible studies should have primary outcomes including perioperativeWe have comfirmed the edits. visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score and analgesic consumption; and secondary outcomes including side effects, such as PONV. Data extracted from the literature were abstracted into a comma-separated database spreadsheet using Microsoft Excel. A meta-analysis was then performed. Pooled statistics were calculated with weighting by inverse variance assuming a random effect model. I2 was calculated as a quantifier of heterogeneity and interpreted according to the Cochrane manual. All data analysis was performed using Revman software. RESULTS: From a total of 1285 potential records identified in the electronic search, six studies eventually fulfilled the eligibility criteria. The six controlled RCTs consisted of 207 patients in the sleep-improving group and 209 patients in the control group. The severity of rest pain was significantly lower in the sleep-improving group compared with the control group at day 1 and day 3 postoperatively; the severity of active pain was significantly lower in the sleep-improving group compared with the control group at day 3 postoperatively. Data concerning analgesic drugs could not undergo a meta-analysis due to the difference of eligible studies. No significant difference was found in the incidence of PONV between the sleep-improving group and the control group. CONCLUSION: Improved perioperative sleep, regardless of quality or quantity, could significantly reduce the pain level at the early stage after TKA or THA, thus the total amount of analgesic drugs consumed was decreased, without significant increase in the incidence of PONV.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261304

RESUMO

In dual-ion batteries (DIBs) utilizing organic electrolyte solutions, the combinations of electrolyte salt and solvent serve as a determiner of the electrochemical performance of graphite electrode partially because solvent participates in the anion intercalation procedure. In this case, every solvated-anion@graphite intercalation compound possesses the characteristic intercalated gallery height. However, in Li/graphite DIBs with concentrated LiTFSI (lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide))-alkyl phosphates (ca. trimethyl, triethyl, tripropyl, tributyl phosphate) solutions, solvated-TFSI-@graphite intercalation compounds have the nearly identical intercalated gallery height of about 0.803 nm, which may be mainly attributed to both the big size of TFSI- anion and the rigid PO4 framework of these alkyl phosphate solvents.

13.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211031650, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely integrated into cancer care in China. An overview in 2011 identified 2384 randomized and non-randomized controlled trials (RCTs, non-RCTs) on TCM for cancer published in the Chinese literature. This article summarizes updated evidence of RCTs on TCM for cancer care. METHODS: We searched 4 main Chinese databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, SinoMed, and Wanfang. RCTs on TCM used in cancer care were analyzed in this bibliometric study. RESULTS: Of 5834 RCTs (477 157 cancer patients), only 62 RCTs were indexed in MEDLINE. The top 3 cancers treated were lung, stomach, and breast cancer. About 4752 RCTs (81.45%) tested TCM combined with conventional treatment, and 1082 RCTs (18.55%) used TCM alone for treating symptoms and side-effects. Herbal medicine was the most frequently used TCM modality (5087 RCTs; 87.20%). The most frequently reported outcome was symptom improvement (3712 RCTs; 63.63%) followed by quality of life (2725 RCTs; 46.71%), and biomarkers (2384 RCTs; 40.86%). The majority of RCTs (4051; 69.44%) concluded there were beneficial effects using either TCM alone or TCM plus conventional treatment compared with conventional treatment. CONCLUSION: Substantial randomized trials demonstrated different types/stages of cancer were treated by various TCM modalities, alone or in combination with conventional medicine. Further evaluation on the effects and safety of TCM modalities focusing on outcomes such as quality of life is required.

14.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 1510-1523, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263685

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a highly lethal disease and the majority of NSCLC patients are desperate for therapies that can effectively target their cancer and ultimately improve their overall survival. Docetaxel (DTX) represents the first-line of the antitumor agent that is used to treat NSCLC; however, it has poor solubility in water and unsatisfactory encapsulation efficiency. In our study, exosomes were isolated from A549 cancer cells by ultracentrifugation and then characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), and Western blot (WB). The particle size changes of EXO and EXO-DTX were measured daily for seven days to test the stability. DTX was selected payload by electroporation (EXO-DTX). For the in vitro evaluation, cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay and cellular uptake were evaluated in the A549 cells. Also, this study evaluated the target and therapeutic effect of DTX as an antitumor agent in vivo. As a result, EXO-DTX with a particle size of 149.5 nm were successfully prepared and the cytotoxicity of the EXO-DTX was much greater than that of DTX monomers. Exosomes significantly increased the cellular uptake in vitro evaluation and showed better targeting to tumor tissue compared to the free DTX in the mice. We also explored the potential of tumor cell-derived exosomes as a drug delivery agent to target the parent cancer. Hence, we conclude that exosomes might be used as a potential antitumor drug delivery system (DDS).

15.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-6, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the cutoff values of HOMA-IR for predicting clinical pregnancy rate in normal weight patients during their first IVF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data was retrospectively analyzed from 329 normal-weight women aged 21-40 years with BMI <25 kg/m2 who received first IVF-ET during the period from December 2018 to June 2019.We assessed the associations between HOMA-IR and clinical pregnancy rates during IVF in the women with or without PCOS according to different BMI ranges. RESULTS: In non PCOS,clinical pregnancy rate was significantly decreased at the HOMA-IR values ranging from 2.2 to 3.15 (OR, 0.188, 95% CI, 0.084-0.42; p < .05) and at those >3.15 (OR, 0.018, 95% CI, 0.004-0.081; p < .05).In PCOS, clinical pregnancy rate significantly decreased at the HOMA-IR >3.15 (OR, 0.15, 95% CI, 0.044-0.507; p < .05). In non PCOS with BMI <21.45 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was decreased with HOMA-IR >2.2, and a significant cutoff point at HOMA-IR >3.15; with 21.45 ≤ BMI <25 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was declined significantly at the HOMA-IR >1.56 (OR, 0.196, 95% CI, 0.055-0.704).In PCOS with BMI <21.45 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was decreased as the HOMA-IR increased, but there was no significant cutoff point; with 21.45 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was declined significantly at the HOMA-IR > 3.15 (OR, 0.186; 95% CI, 0.04-0.872). CONCLUSION: HOMA-IR and BMI had adverse effects on the IVF outcome of infertility women. Moreover, obesity can increase the degree of insulin resistance in infertility women. These findings suggested that only better HOMA-IR and BMI will lead to better IVF results.

16.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the correlation of depth of invasion (DOI) measured on multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences and pathological DOI, in order to determine the optimal MRI sequence for measurement. METHODS: A total of 122 oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) patients were retrospectively analyzed, who had received preoperative MRI and surgical resection. DOIs measured on fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), dynamic enhanced-T1 high-resolution insotropic volume examination (e-THRIVE), and contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed T1WI (CE-T1WI) were respectively compared to those measured in pathologic specimens. The cutoff value of the best correlated MRI sequence was determined, and the T staging accuracy of MRI-derived DOI was evaluated. RESULTS: DOI derived from e-THRIVE showed the best correlation (r = 0.936, p < 0.001) with pathological DOI. The area under the curve values of MRI-derived DOI distinguishing T1 stage from T2 stage and distinguishing T2 stage from T3 stage were 0.969 and 0.974, respectively. The T staging criteria of MRI-derived DOI were 6.2 mm and 11.4 mm, with a staging accuracy of 86.9% compared to pathological DOI criteria of 5 mm and 10 mm. CONCLUSION: E-THRIVE was the optimal MR sequence to measure the MR-derived DOI, and DOI derived from e-THRIVE could serve as a potential cut-off value as a clinical T staging indicator of OTSCC. KEY POINTS: • Multiparametric MRI helps radiologists to assess the neoplasm invasion in patients with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma. • Retrospective study indicated that measurement was most accurate on enhanced-T1 high-resolution insotropic volume examination dynamic contrast enhancement images. • T staging of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma was accurate according to the dynamic contrast enhancement MRI-derived depth of invasion.

17.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209485

RESUMO

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant component of catechins in tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze), plays a role against viruses through inhibiting virus invasiveness, restraining gene expression and replication. In this paper, the antiviral effects of EGCG on various viruses, including DNA virus, RNA virus, coronavirus, enterovirus and arbovirus, were reviewed. Meanwhile, the antiviral effects of the EGCG epi-isomer counterpart (+)-gallocatechin-3-O-gallate (GCG) were also discussed.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Chá/química , Animais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Catequina/farmacologia , Catequina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
ACS Sens ; 6(7): 2691-2699, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237940

RESUMO

i-Motifs are DNA secondary structures present in cytosine-rich sequences. These structures are formed in regulatory regions of the human genome and play key regulatory roles. The investigation of sequences capable of forming i-motif structures at the single-molecule level is highly important. In this study, we used α-hemolysin nanopores to systematically study a series of DNA sequences at the nanometer scale by providing structure-dependent signature current signals to gain in-sights into the i-motif DNA sequence and structural stability. Increasing the length of the cytosine tract in a range of 3-10 nucleobases resulted in a longer translocation time through the pore, indicating improved stability. Changing the loop sequence and length in the sequences did not affect the formation of the i-motif structure but changed its stability. Importantly, the application of all-atom molecular dynamics simulations revealed the structural morphology of all sequences. Based on these results, we postulated a folding rule for i-motif formation, suggesting that thousands of cytosine-rich sequences in the human genome might fold into i-motif structures. Many of these were found in locations where structure formation is likely to play regulatory roles. These findings provide insights into the application of nanopores as a powerful tool for discovering potential i-motif-forming sequences and lay a foundation for future studies exploring the biological roles of i-motifs.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 696-701, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of neonates with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS), and to provide a reference for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical and follow-up data of 16 neonates with KMS who were admitted to the Anhui Children's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, from January 2016 to December 2020. RESULTS: Of the 16 neonates, there were 13 boys (81%) and 3 girls (19%), with an age of 1 hour to 10 days on admission. Among these neonates, 13 (81%) had cutaneous hemangioma (2 in the head and face, 5 in the trunk, and 6 in the extremities) and 3 (19%) had liver hemangioma. The main clinical manifestations of bleeding tendency and scattered petechiae and ecchymosis were observed in 10 neonates (62%). All the 16 neonates had varying degrees of thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. They all received glucocorticoid treatment after admission and 7 (44%) of them had response, among whom 4 experienced recurrence. Among the neonates with no response to glucocorticoid treatment, 3 received sirolimus treatment, among whom 1 had the tumor volume reduced by 58.8% after 4 weeks of treatment, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal, while 2 had no significant reduction in tumor volume or significant increase in platelet count and achieved a tumor volume reduced by (43.7±0.4)% after 4 weeks of combined treatment with bleomycin arterial embolization, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal. After 4 weeks of bleomycin arterial embolization alone for 4 neonates, tumor volume was reduced by (52.0±3.4)%, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. Blunt and sharp dissection was performed for 2 neonates. The tumor was removed completely during surgery in the 2 neonates, with no infection or recurrence after surgery, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. The postoperative pathological examination showed Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in 1 out of the 2 neonates. CONCLUSIONS: KMS has characteristic clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and laboratory examination results. The KMS neonates who are not sensitive to glucocorticoids can achieve a good curative effect through arterial embolization and sirolimus treatment.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt , Sarcoma de Kaposi , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt/terapia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(3)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278469

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a predominant cause of end­stage renal disease. The impairment of the autophagy of human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK­2 cells) is involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of DN. Sirtuin (Sirt)3 regulates the scavenging of damaged organelles and maintains energy balance. The present study aimed to examine the protective effects of Sirt3 on HK­2 cells stimulated by high glucose (HG). HK­2 cells were cultured in normal glucose (NG), HG or hyperosmotic medium. The viability of the HK­2 cells was detected using a Cell Counting Kit­8 assay. The expression and localization of Sirt3 were detected via immunofluorescence. Following transfection with an overexpression plasmid, the expression levels of key components in the Notch homolog 1 (Notch­1)/hairy and enhancer of split­1 (Hes­1) pathway and those of the autophagy­related proteins, Beclin­1, LC­3II and p62, were measured by western blot analysis and reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR). As the Notch­1/Hes­1 pathway was inhibited, the expression levels of Beclin­1, LC­3II and p62 were also examined at transcriptional and translational level. It was found that prolonged culture in HG medium markedly reduced cell viability compared with the cells cultured in NG or in NG + mannitol, an effect that was aggravated with the increasing duration of culture. HG was capable of inhibiting the expression levels of Beclin­1, LC­3II and Sirt3, and upregulating p62 and the Notch­1/Hes­1 pathway, as verified by western blot analysis and RT­qPCR. The results of immunofluorescence staining revealed that HG decreased Sirt3 expression. Sirt3 reversed the HG­induced inhibition of the expression of Beclin­1 and LC­3II and the upregulation of p62. Moreover, Sirt3 reversed the HG­induced inhibition of the Notch­1/Hes­1 signaling pathway. However, this autophagy­promoting effect of Sirt3 was counteracted by the Notch­1/Hes­1 pathway activator. On the whole, the present study demonstrated that Sirt3 promoted the autophagy of HK­2 cells, at least partly, via the downregulation of Notch­1/Hes­1.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...