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1.
Nanotechnology ; 31(2): 025403, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550690

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li/S) batteries are promising portable energy storage devices if the defects of insufficient conductivity and obvious shuttle effect can be effectively suppressed. In this work, a unique caddice-like ball carbon nanotubes/CoO (CNTs/CoO) microspheres have been synthesized through a facile spray drying and following calcination method. By using cobalt acetate (Co(CHCOO)2) as a cobalt source, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) as a pore former and CNTs as the supporting frame, the as-prepared CNTs/CoO microspheres endowed with enriched interconnected pores and abundant scattered CoO nanoparticles on CNT walls. CNTs provided physical adsorption platforms for adsorption of polysulfides while ensuring the conductivity of the overall material. Polycrystalline CoO nanoparticles are uniformly deposited on CNT walls, providing additional confinement of polysulfides by strong chemical adsorption. In addition, the different content of CoO in the microspheres was regulated by the amount of added cobalt source during the preparation process. With both physical entrapment by CNTs and strong chemical interaction with CoO nanocrystals, this unique design can effectively promote the active material utilization and inhibit the shuttle effect. When employed as the sulfur host, an excellent electrochemical performance was achieved on the resulting sulfur-impregnated CNTs/CoO (S-CNTs/CoO) composite with the sulfur content of 73.0%. The obtained S-CNTs/CoO microspheres delivered an exceptional initial discharge capacity of 1340 mAh g-1 and a prominent cycling stability of 1116 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 C, as well as a superb rate capability of 600 mAh g-1 and 506 mAh g-1 at 2.0 C and 3.0 C, respectively. The results revealed that the S-CNTs/CoO composite was an enviable cathode material and showed an excellent potentiality in the application of Li/S batteries.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 349-360, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptomatology differences of major depressive disorder (MDD) in psychiatric and general hospitals in China leads to possible misdiagnosis. Looking at the symptomatology of first-visit patients with MDD in different mental health services, and identifying predictors of health-seeking behavior using machine learning may help to improve diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: 1500 patients first diagnosed with MDD were recruited from 16 psychiatric hospitals and 16 general hospitals across China. Socio-demographic characteristics, causal attribution, symptoms of depression within and outside Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) framework were collected using a self-made questionnaire. A predictive model of 62 variables was established using Random forest, symptom frequencies of patients in general hospitals and psychiatric hospitals were compared. RESULTS: The machine learning approach revealed that symptoms were strong predictors of health-seeking behavior among patients with MDD. General hospitals patients had higher frequencies of suicidal ideation (χ2=15.230, p<0.001), psychosis (χ2=14.264, p<0.001), weight change (all p<0.001), hypersomnia (χ2=25.940, p<0.001), and a tendency of denying emotional/cognitive symptoms compared with psychiatric hospitals patients. LIMITATIONS: Stigma and preference bias were not measured. Severity of current depressive episodes was not assessed. Data of previous episode(s) was not presented. CONCLUSIONS: Symptom evaluation targeting specific patient population in different hospitals is crucial for diagnostic accuracy. Suicide prevention reliant on collaboration between general hospitals and psychiatric hospitals is required in the future construction of Chinese mental health system.

3.
Cytokine ; 125: 154810, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430659

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (CaP) is a common male malignancy. Using prostate specific antigen (PSA) and prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, sensitivity and specificity still require improvement. Additional targets are urgently needed for the diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction of therapeutic response, leading to better treatments in order to reduce the mortality of CaP. Here, we utilized a solid-phase antibody array, which can simultaneously detect 200 proteins, for the screening of novel blood-based biomarkers. The proteins differentially expressed in the pathogenesis of CaP were further analyzed using bioinformatics methods. The identified targets were further validated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 38 proteins were identified with significantly differential levels in CaP serum compared to healthy control serum, including 21 up-regulated and 17 down-regulated cytokines. ELISA result showed that validated six ones of these differential cytokines were significantly differential between CaP and control, consistent with the antibody array result. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis for these differentially expressed cytokines showed the top five cytokines interacting with most other cytokines were insulin, SDF-1a, CD40L, IL-18 and NCAM-1, suggesting these five targets are important in the pathogenesis of CaP, and more sensitive for the early diagnosis and prognosis of CaP. Targeting these cytokines may be more effective therapies against CaP. Among these differentially expressed cytokines, it was found that AR, BTC, IL-1 F8, IL-31, Marapsin, b-NGF, EDA-A2, MCP-3, MCP-4, MIP-3a, PIGF, and TECK decreased, while Fas, Flt-3L, and NCAM-1 increased in CaP when compared to the controls. Taken together, those 38 differentially expressed cytokines may service as novel serum biomarkers for CaP, which will be further validated with more clinical samples.

4.
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 26(1): 579-589, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425087

RESUMO

Production planning in the manufacturing industry is crucial for fully utilizing factory resources (e.g., machines, raw materials and workers) and reducing costs. With the advent of industry 4.0, plenty of data recording the status of factory resources have been collected and further involved in production planning, which brings an unprecedented opportunity to understand, evaluate and adjust complex production plans through a data-driven approach. However, developing a systematic analytics approach for production planning is challenging due to the large volume of production data, the complex dependency between products, and unexpected changes in the market and the plant. Previous studies only provide summarized results and fail to show details for comparative analysis of production plans. Besides, the rapid adjustment to the plan in the case of an unanticipated incident is also not supported. In this paper, we propose PlanningVis, a visual analytics system to support the exploration and comparison of production plans with three levels of details: a plan overview presenting the overall difference between plans, a product view visualizing various properties of individual products, and a production detail view displaying the product dependency and the daily production details in related factories. By integrating an automatic planning algorithm with interactive visual explorations, PlanningVis can facilitate the efficient optimization of daily production planning as well as support a quick response to unanticipated incidents in manufacturing. Two case studies with real-world data and carefully designed interviews with domain experts demonstrate the effectiveness and usability of PlanningVis.

5.
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 26(1): 927-937, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443002

RESUMO

Emotions play a key role in human communication and public presentations. Human emotions are usually expressed through multiple modalities. Therefore, exploring multimodal emotions and their coherence is of great value for understanding emotional expressions in presentations and improving presentation skills. However, manually watching and studying presentation videos is often tedious and time-consuming. There is a lack of tool support to help conduct an efficient and in-depth multi-level analysis. Thus, in this paper, we introduce EmoCo, an interactive visual analytics system to facilitate efficient analysis of emotion coherence across facial, text, and audio modalities in presentation videos. Our visualization system features a channel coherence view and a sentence clustering view that together enable users to obtain a quick overview of emotion coherence and its temporal evolution. In addition, a detail view and word view enable detailed exploration and comparison from the sentence level and word level, respectively. We thoroughly evaluate the proposed system and visualization techniques through two usage scenarios based on TED Talk videos and interviews with two domain experts. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of our system in gaining insights into emotion coherence in presentations.

6.
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 26(1): 676-686, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443020

RESUMO

Node-link diagrams are widely used to facilitate network explorations. However, when using a graph drawing technique to visualize networks, users often need to tune different algorithm-specific parameters iteratively by comparing the corresponding drawing results in order to achieve a desired visual effect. This trial and error process is often tedious and time-consuming, especially for non-expert users. Inspired by the powerful data modelling and prediction capabilities of deep learning techniques, we explore the possibility of applying deep learning techniques to graph drawing. Specifically, we propose using a graph-LSTM-based approach to directly map network structures to graph drawings. Given a set of layout examples as the training dataset, we train the proposed graph-LSTM-based model to capture their layout characteristics. Then, the trained model is used to generate graph drawings in a similar style for new networks. We evaluated the proposed approach on two special types of layouts (i.e., grid layouts and star layouts) and two general types of layouts (i.e., ForceAtlas2 and PivotMDS) in both qualitative and quantitative ways. The results provide support for the effectiveness of our approach. We also conducted a time cost assessment on the drawings of small graphs with 20 to 50 nodes. We further report the lessons we learned and discuss the limitations and future work.

7.
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 26(1): 917-926, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443028

RESUMO

Designers need to consider not only perceptual effectiveness but also visual styles when creating an infographic. This process can be difficult and time consuming for professional designers, not to mention non-expert users, leading to the demand for automated infographics design. As a first step, we focus on timeline infographics, which have been widely used for centuries. We contribute an end-to-end approach that automatically extracts an extensible timeline template from a bitmap image. Our approach adopts a deconstruction and reconstruction paradigm. At the deconstruction stage, we propose a multi-task deep neural network that simultaneously parses two kinds of information from a bitmap timeline: 1) the global information, i.e., the representation, scale, layout, and orientation of the timeline, and 2) the local information, i.e., the location, category, and pixels of each visual element on the timeline. At the reconstruction stage, we propose a pipeline with three techniques, i.e., Non-Maximum Merging, Redundancy Recover, and DL GrabCut, to extract an extensible template from the infographic, by utilizing the deconstruction results. To evaluate the effectiveness of our approach, we synthesize a timeline dataset (4296 images) and collect a real-world timeline dataset (393 images) from the Internet. We first report quantitative evaluation results of our approach over the two datasets. Then, we present examples of automatically extracted templates and timelines automatically generated based on these templates to qualitatively demonstrate the performance. The results confirm that our approach can effectively extract extensible templates from real-world timeline infographics.

8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 471-487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646521

RESUMO

All seven canonical transient potential receptor (TRPC1-7) channel members are expressed in mammalian airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). Among this family, TRPC3 channel plays an important role in the control of the resting [Ca2+]i and agonist-induced increase in [Ca2+]i. This channel is significantly upregulated in molecular expression and functional activity in airway diseases. The upregulated channel significantly augments the resting [Ca2+]i and agonist-induced increase in [Ca2+]i, thereby exerting a direct and essential effect in airway hyperresponsiveness. The increased TRPC3 channel-mediated Ca2+ signaling also results in the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation via protein kinase C-α (PKCα)-dependent inhibitor of NFκB-α (IκBα) and calcineurin-dependent IκBß signaling pathways, which upregulates cyclin-D1 expression and causes cell proliferation, leading to airway remodeling. TRPC3 channel may further interact with intracellular release Ca2+ channels, Orai channels and Ca2+-sensing stromal interaction molecules, mediating important cellular responses in ASMCs and the development of airway diseases.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Canais de Cátion TRPC , Animais , Calcineurina/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Canais de Cátion TRPC/metabolismo
9.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2045-2054, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492211

RESUMO

In this work, green-emission carbon dots (CDs) were prepared for detecting mercury ions (Hg(II)) and iodine ions via a facile hydrothermal method using ethylenediamine and methyl red as nitrogen and carbon sources, respectively, without any other complex reagents. The bacteriostasis experiment showed that the CDs were not toxic to the growth of four kinds of bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), which indicated that the CDs had good security and could be used for analysis and detection. The CDs exhibited excitation-independent emission, the fluorescence of which could be quenched by Hg(II), and could be recovered by iodine ions. An approach was established to detect Hg(II) based on the fluorescence quenching of CDs by the synergistic action of a photo induced electron transfer (PET) mechanism, and iodine ions were detected based on the fluorescence recovery of CDs by a HgI2 precipitate formation mechanism. The detection limits for Hg(II) and iodine reached 0.89 µM and 0.50 µM, respectively. Compared to most methods, the method mentioned in this paper has good selectivity, a wider linear range, a lower detection limit and higher security. The synthesized CDs could be probes for sensing Hg(II) and iodine ions.

10.
Food Funct ; 10(11): 7553-7564, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687723

RESUMO

The effects of chemical interesterification (CIE) on the physicochemical properties and crystallization kinetics of oil blends containing palm oil (PO) in combination with six other types of oils were studied. The CIE reaction was performed at a reaction temperature of 105 °C for 30 min, catalyzed by 0.3% sodium methoxide. The results showed that the formation of ß' crystals was prominent and the crystallization rate increased significantly when PO was interesterified with beef tallow (BT). The presence of soybean oil (SBO) in the oil blend significantly increased the triacylglycerol (TAG) S/U/U content after CIE. For the sample consisting of a pure vegetable oil base, a gradual change in the crystallization rate was observed and the formation of ß crystals was dominant. The S/U/U content in the oil blends that contained palm kernel oil (PKO) decreased after CIE. Together in the presence of SBO, PKO had stronger ability to stabilize S/U/U, enriched the TAG composition (particularly by increasing the C44 TAG content), accelerated the crystallization rate and formed ß' crystals. The addition of a sufficient amount of palm mid fraction (PMF) could improve the high-temperature solid fat content and expand the plasticity range. Changes in the Avrami constant K and n values derived from solid fat content and heat enthalpy also suggested the modification of the crystal growth mechanism through the CIE process.

11.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717632

RESUMO

There were five outbreaks of H7N9 influenza virus in humans in China since it emerged in 2013, infecting >1000 people. The H7N9 low pathogenic influenza virus was inserted into four amino acids in the HA protein cleavage site to mutate into the H7N9 highly pathogenic virus. This emerging virus caused 15 outbreaks in chickens from the end of 2016 to date. Two H7N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) strains, A/chicken/Guangdong/A46/2013 (LPAIV) and A/chicken/Guangdong/Q29/2017 (HPAIV), were selected to compare the pathogenicity and transmissibility between H7N9 LPAIVs and HPAIVs in chickens. We inoculated 3- to 4-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens with 6 log10EID50/0.1 mL viruses via the ocular-nasal route and co-housed four chickens in each group. The inoculated chicken mortality rate in the A46 and Q29 groups was 1/5 and 5/5, respectively. Q29 virus replication was more efficient compared to the A46 virus in inoculated chickens. Infected chickens initiated viral shedding to naïve contact chickens through respiratory and digestive routes. Both viruses transmitted between chickens by naïve contact, but the Q29 virus had a higher pathogenicity in contact chickens than the A46 virus. Compared with early H7N9 LPAIVs, the pathogenicity and transmissibility of the emerging H7N9 HPAIV was stronger in chickens, indicating that H7N9 influenza virus may continue to threaten human and poultry health.

12.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720743

RESUMO

Glucokinase (GCK) is a key enzyme in glucose sensing and glycemic regulation. In humans, mutations in the GCK gene cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young 2 (MODY-2), a disease that is characterized by an early-onset and persistent hyperglycemia. It is known that Gck knockout (KO) is lethal in mice with Gck KO mice dying within 2 weeks after birth. Therefore, Gck KO mice are not suitable for preclinical study and have limited suitability to study the pathophysiological role of glucokinase in vivo. Here, we report the generation of a novel rabbit with a non-frameshift mutation of GCK gene (GCK-NFS) by cytoplasm microinjection of Cas9 mRNA and gRNA. These GCK-NFS rabbits showed typical features of MODY-2 including hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance with similar survival rate and weight compared to wild-type (WT) rabbits. The diabetic phenotype including pancreatic and renal dysfunction was also found in the F1-generation rabbits, indicating that the genetic modification is germline transmissible. Treatment of GCK-NFS rabbit with glimepiride successfully reduced the fasting blood glucose drastically and improved its islet function. In conclusion, this novel GCK mutant rabbit generated with the CRISPR/Cas9 system mimics most, if not all, histopathological and functional defects seen in MODY-2 patients such as hyperglycemia and will be a valuable rabbit model for preclinical studies and drug screening for diabetes as well as for studying the pathophysiological role of glucokinase.

13.
Neuroreport ; 30(18): 1307-1315, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714484

RESUMO

Several studies have investigated possible role of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with disorder of consciousness (DOC). But the details of patients' brain responses to the rTMS are yet to be disclosed. The aim of the study is to explore the neural electrical responses of DOC patients to rTMS modulation. DOC Patients [14 vegetative state, seven minimally conscious state (MCS)] and healthy subjects were enrolled and received one session of rTMS. The TMS-electroencephalogram was recorded at before and immediately after rTMS stimulation. TMS-evoked potentials as well as TMS-evoked connectivity were proposed to capture the effective connectivity alteration induced by rTMS. Significant changes of TMS-evoked potential were found in the healthy group but not in DOC patients. TMS-evoked connectivity was significantly enhanced by the rTMS in healthy and MCS groups. In addition, the enhancement was positively correlated with patients' Coma Recovery Scale-Revised scores. Global synchrony of the TMS-evoked connectivity matrix significantly enhanced by rTMS in the control and MCS groups but not in vegetative state patients. Furthermore, after rTMS stimulation, the similarity of TMS-evoked connectivity patterns between pairwise patients was significantly raised in MCS patients. But no significant changes were found in vegetative state patients. TMS-evoked connectivity reveals that rTMS can effectively modulate effective connectivity of MCS patients, but no evidence of changes in vegetative state patients.

14.
Gene ; : 144194, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669650

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) may play important roles in tumorigenesis. Increased lncRNA CASC9 occurs in laryngeal carcinoma, which accounts for 20% of all head and neck cancers, but its role in this disease remains unknown. Using quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR, we found higher expression of CASC9 and GLUT-1 in laryngeal carcinoma tissues and cells, compared to adjacent tissues and cells. A correlation analysis showed a positive relationship between CASC9 and GLUT-1 expression in laryngeal carcinoma tissues. An MTT assay of TU212 and Hep-2 cells showed increased cell proliferation after transfection with overexpressed CASC9 and decreased cell proliferation after transfection with silenced CASC9. A Transwell assay showed that overexpressing CASC9 increased and silencing CASC9 decreased cell migration of TU212 and Hep-2 cells. A flow cytometry assay showed that overexpressing CASC9 reduced and silencing CASC9 increased cell apoptosis. In other words, we found that overexpressing CASC9 increased cell proliferation and cell migration and decreased apoptosis both in TU212 and Hep-2 cells, whereas silencing CASC9 had the opposite effects. Moreover, overexpression vector of GLUT-1 was used to investigate the molecular mechanism of CASC9 in laryngeal carcinoma. The results showed that transfection with an overexpressed GLUT-1vector reversed the effects of silencing CASC9 on proliferation, migration, and apoptosis in TU212 and Hep-2 cells. In conclusion, our study of laryngeal carcinoma found that CASC9 was positively correlated with GLUT-1 expression and that CASC9 may promote proliferation and metastasis of laryngeal carcinoma cells by regulating GLUT-1.

15.
Plasmid ; 106: 102441, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676335

RESUMO

Synthetic promoters (SPs) have many advantages over their natural counterparts, especially with regard to transcriptional activity and tissue specificity. Here, we report a new strategy to construct SPs for efficient and muscle-specific gene expression. First, 19 nucleic acid motifs classified to 3 kinds of transcriptional regulatory elements were rationally selected. A recombinant promoter library was constructed by randomly assembling these motifs. Second, the transcriptional activities of ~1200 SPs were screened by intramuscular expression of several reporter genes in different cell lines for activity higher than that of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter, with SP-301 finally identified as the strongest. A single intramuscular injection of mice with an SP-301 plasmid expressing mouse growth hormone releasing hormone accelerated mouse growth significantly over 24 days. Third, the muscle specificity of SP-301 was confirmed in transgenic mice. Finally, in comparison with the CMV promoter, SP-301 accelerated translocation and increased the level of plasmid in the nuclei of myoblast cells to a greater extent than in non-muscle cells. Altogether, the study has provided a more rational strategy to construct efficient and tissue-specific promoters, with the promoter SP-301 exhibiting promising potential for establishing an intramuscular gene expression system for therapeutic applications.

16.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 6): 1911-1916, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721733

RESUMO

Elliptical polarized undulators (EPUs) are broadly used in the soft X-ray energy range. They have the advantage of providing photons with both varied energy and polarization through adjustments to the value of the gap and/or shift magnet arrays in an undulator. Yet these adjustments may create a disturbance on the stability of the electron beam in a storage ring. To correct such a disturbance, it is necessary to establish a feed-forward table of key nodes in the gap-shift-defined two-dimensional parameter space. Such a table can only be scanned during machine-study time. For a free-walking mode, whereby an undulator is allowed to manoeuvre in the whole gap-shift space, all the key nodes need to be scanned at the expense of a large amount of machine-study time. This will greatly delay the employment of a full-polarization capable undulator (especially circularly polarized). By analyzing data-collecting patterns of user experiments, this paper defines a reduced set of key nodes in gap-shift parameter space, with the number of key nodes to be scanned for feed-forwarding scaled down to one-third of the original; and introduces a new walking mode for EPUs: confined-walking mode, whereby the undulator is manoeuvred only within the reduced set of key nodes. Such a mode is firstly realized on the EPUs at the DREAMLINE beamline at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). Under confined-walking mode, the undulator movements are stable and there is no obvious disturbance to the electron beam with the feed-forward system in operation. Successful experiments have been carried out using the circularly polarized light obtained via the new walking mode. This mode is expected to be applied to future EPUs at SSRF with the increasing requirements for various polarization modes.

17.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(14): 4670-4680, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725166

RESUMO

Purpose: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important in disease progression and cellular functions. This study aimed to conduct global lncRNA profiling and characterize the role of lncRNA 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase delta 3-sence RNA 1 (PLCD3-OT1) in the progression of age-related cataract (ARC). Methods: We performed lncRNA expression profiling of lens capsule from ARC groups and age-matched groups using high-throughput RNA-sequencing. Real-time PCR was conducted to detect the expression pattern of lncRNA and mRNA in the clinical samples and cell model. Assays of cell-counting kit-8, 5'-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, TUNEL, and propidium iodide staining were used to detect cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle. We also performed fluorescence in situ hybridization assay to detect the location of lncRNA, and verified the endogenous competitive RNA mechanism between miRNAs, lncRNAs, and target genes via double-luciferase reporter analyses. Results: The expression of lncRNA PLCD3-OT1 and PLCD3 were significantly decreased in ARC. PLCD3-OT1 overexpression promoted the expression of PLCD3, cell viability, proliferation, and inhibited cell apoptosis upon oxidative stress, while knockdown of PLCD3 showed the opposite results. Mechanistically, PLCD3-OT1functions through positively regulation the expression of PLCD3. In addition, PLCD3-OT1 may act as a ceRNA to regulate the expression of PLCD3 through competition for miR-224-5p. Conclusions: PLCD3-OT1 and PLCD3 may become potential therapeutic targets for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of ARC.

19.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS04190883RE, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697222

RESUMO

In the current study, a total of 53 isolates of Alternaria brassicicola collected from Shaanxi Province of China were characterized for their sensitivity to propamidine. The EC50 (50% effective concentration) values for propamidine inhibiting mycelial growth and spore germination ranged from 0.515 to 3.247 µg/ml and 0.393 to 2.982 µg/ml, with average EC50 values of 1.327 ± 0.198 µg/ml and 1.106 ± 0.113 µg/ml, respectively. In greenhouse experiments, propamidine at 100 µg/ml provided >90% efficacy against dark leaf spot on cabbage, which was higher than the efficacy obtained by azoxystrobin at the same concentration. After treatment with propamidine, fungal growth distortions were observed in the form of excess mycelial branching, thickened cell walls, decreased cell membrane permeability, and increased chitin content. Interestingly, colony color faded after treatment with propamidine compared with that of the untreated parental isolates. Importantly, the expressions of melanin biosynthesis-associated genes Amr1, Scd1, Brn1, and Brn2 were downregulated at different levels. The obtained baseline sensitivity and control efficacy data suggested that propamidine inhibited not only growth of A. brassicicola but also melanin biosynthesis, which could reduce the biocompatibility of A. brassicicola in the field. These biological characteristics encourage further investigation of the mechanism of action of propamidine against A. brassicicola.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17426, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689746

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Spherophakia is a rare diagnosis which is often associated with a shallow anterior chamber, angle-closure glaucoma, lens subluxation, and lenticular myopia. When cataracts occur with subluxation of the lens, vision is often markedly affected. This often presents surgeons with a unique challenge of maintaining good visual outcomes while minimizing potential complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old female was referred for ophthalmological assessment due to decreased vision in the left eye. In the left eye, the best-corrected visual acuity at distance was 20/125 with manifest refraction of -6.5D + (-0.75) D × 118°. The slit lamp examination showed iridodonesis and a significant nuclear cataract (C3N3) with tremor in the left eye. After pupil dilation, a subluxated lens, weak zonules, and "fake golden ring" within the lens was noted. DIAGNOSIS: Due to the patient's symptoms, examination results, she was diagnosed with cataract, subluxation of the lens and spherophakia in left eye. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent an uneventful femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (Alcon Fort Worth, TX). The laser was able to perform a circular free-floating anterior capsulotomy and easy lens fragmentation. OUTCOMES: There were no postoperative complications. At 3 months postoperatively, the uncorrected visual acuity was 20/25, and the manifest refraction was -0.25 D - 0.75 D × 148° with the corrected distance visual acuity of 20/16. LESSONS: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery is an effective approach for cataract surgery in patients with subluxated and spherophakic lenses, with the benefits of causing minimal further zonular damage and easy lens fragmentation.

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