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1.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838211

RESUMO

AIMS: Although the cannabinoid CB1 receptor has been implicated in atherosclerosis, its cell-specific effects in this disease are not well understood. To address this, we generated a transgenic mouse model to study the role of myeloid CB1 signaling in atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we report that male mice with myeloid-specific Cnr1 deficiency on atherogenic background developed smaller lesions and necrotic cores than controls, while only minor genotype differences were observed in females. Male Cnr1 deficient mice showed reduced arterial monocyte recruitment and macrophage proliferation with less inflammatory phenotype. The sex-specific differences in proliferation were dependent on estrogen receptor (ER)α-estradiol signaling. Kinase activity profiling identified a CB1-dependent regulation of p53 and cyclin-dependent kinases. Transcriptomic profiling further revealed chromatin modifications, mRNA processing and mitochondrial respiration among the key processes affected by CB1 signaling, which was supported by metabolic flux assays. Chronic administration of the peripherally-restricted CB1 antagonist JD5037 inhibited plaque progression and macrophage proliferation, but only in male mice. Finally, CNR1 expression was detectable in human carotid endarterectomy plaques and inversely correlated with proliferation, oxidative metabolism and inflammatory markers, suggesting a possible implication of CB1-dependent regulation in human pathophysiology. CONCLUSION: Impaired macrophage CB1 signaling is atheroprotective by limiting their arterial recruitment, proliferation and inflammatory reprogramming in male mice. The importance of macrophage CB1 signaling appears to be sex-dependent.

2.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0298453, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870238

RESUMO

Independent innovation emphasizes the self-reliance and control of all key links. Slack resources within an organization, especially for innovation, are the critical resources that are controllable for independent innovation. However, existing research still lacks evidence on the areas of slack innovation resources and independent innovation for deeper exploration. This research addresses this gap by providing an empirical analysis of the relationship between R&D human resource slack and firms' independent innovation. Based on the unbalanced panel data of China's listed manufacturing firms for eleven years, this research explores the effects of R&D human resource slack on firms' independent innovation, the mediating mechanism of technological diversification, and the boundary effects of top management team functional heterogeneity. The results reveal that R&D human resource slack positively affects firms' independent innovation; R&D human resource slack can promote firms' independent innovation through related technological diversification, while the mediating effect of unrelated technological diversification is not statistically significant; the top management team functional heterogeneity strengthens the positive impact of R&D human resource slack on firm independent innovation.


Assuntos
Invenções , Humanos , China , Tecnologia , Pesquisa
4.
Food Chem ; 456: 140005, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870815

RESUMO

The major lipids and antioxidant activities of Asterias rolleston gonad lipids were evaluated systematically. Major lipids of A. Rolleston gonad lipids were triacylglycerols (TAGs) and phospholipids (PLs). Total lipids were composed of 15.62% of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and 40.81% of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs). The most abundant PUFA were C20:5n-3 (EPA) (6.28%) and C22:6n-3 (DHA) (5.80%). Predominantly composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), polar lipids were rich in PUFAs and could contain up to 34.59% EPA and DHA, and PE and PI (phosphatidylinositol) were also found to be the main carriers of EPA and ARA (arachidonic acid) in polar lipids. The MUFA and PUFA of Sn-2 in TAG are 39.72% and 30.37%, respectively. A total of 64 TAG species were identified, with Eo-P-M, Eo-Eo-M, and M-M-Eo being the main TAGs components. Moreover, A. rollestoni gonad lipids exhibited potent radical scavenging activities and reducing power in a dose-dependent manner.

5.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304981, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861574

RESUMO

Thin-bed soft rock is one of the main factors causing large deformations of tunnels. In addition to relying on some innovative construction techniques, detecting thin beds early during surface geological exploration and advanced geological prediction can provide a basis for planning and implementing effective coping measures. The commonly used seismic methods cannot meet the requirement for thin beds detection accuracy. A high-resolution (HR) seismic signal processing method is proposed by introducing a sequential convolutional neural network (SCNN). The deep learning dataset including low-resolution (LR) and HR seismic is firstly prepared through forward modeling. Then, a one-dimension (1D) SCNN architecture is proposed to establish the mapping relationship between LR and HR sequences. Training on the prepared dataset, the HR seismic processing model with high accuracy is achieved and applied to some practical seismic data. The applications on both poststack and prestack seismic data demonstrate that the trained HR processing model can effectively improve the seismic resolution and restore the high-frequency seismic energy so that to recognize the thin-bed rocks.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Geologia/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo , Terremotos
6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869445

RESUMO

The success of targeted covalent inhibitors (TCIs) for treating cancers has spurred the search for novel scaffolds to install covalent warheads. In our endeavour, using a scaffold hopping strategy, we managed to utilize imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine as the core backbone and explored its potential for the development of covalent inhibitors, therefore, synthesizing a series of novel KRAS G12C inhibitors facilitated by the Groebke-Blackburn-Bienaymè reaction (GBB reaction). Preliminary bio-evaluation screening delivered compound I-11 as a potent anticancer agent for KRAS G12C-mutated NCI-H358 cells, whose effects were further clarified by a series of cellular, biochemical, and molecular docking experiments. These results not only indicate the potential of compound I-11 as a lead compound for the treatment of intractable cancers, but also validate the unique role of imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine as a novel scaffold suitable for the discovery of covalent anticancer agents.

7.
Actas Esp Psiquiatr ; 52(3): 238-247, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the progressive emergence of multiple cognitive deficits. Early diagnosis is of great significance for the intervention and treatment of AD. The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between cerebral blood perfusion, neuronal cytokines and cognitive function in patients with AD. METHODS: AD patients admitted to the 903 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force from June 2020 to January 2023 were retrospectively selected as the study objects, and 65 healthy people who underwent physical examination during the same period were included in the control group. Subjects in both groups underwent 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to observe their cerebral blood perfusion parameters. The level of cognitive function in both groups was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Venous blood was collected from both groups, and the serum levels of brain-derived neuronal factor (BDNF) and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlation of serum BDNF and GDNF levels with cerebral blood perfusion parameters and MoCA score in the AD group was analyzed using Spearman analysis. RESULTS: The cerebral blood flow signal intensity of the left frontal lobe, right frontal lobe, left temporal lobe, right temporal lobe, left parietal lobe, right parietal lobe, left occipital lobe, and right occipital lobe of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (p < 0.001). The visuospatial, executive functions, naming, attention, language function, abstract generalization ability, memory ability, orientation, and total MoCA scale scores were significantly lower than those of the control group (p < 0.001). The serum levels of BDNF and GDNF in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p < 0.001). The results of Spearman analysis showed that cerebral blood perfusion parameters of the left frontal lobe, right frontal lobe, left temporal lobe, right temporal lobe, left parietal lobe, right parietal lobe, left occipital lobe, and right occipital lobe were positively correlated with cognitive function scores in AD patients, serum BDNF and GDNF levels were positively correlated with cognitive function scores in AD patients, and the correlation was statistically significant (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In AD patients, blood perfusion parameters and serum BDNF and GDNF levels were significantly lower than those of healthy people. Cerebral blood perfusion parameters of the left frontal lobe, right frontal lobe, left temporal lobe, right temporal lobe, left parietal lobe, right parietal lobe, left occipital lobe, and right occipital lobe, and BDNF and GDNF levels were positively correlated with cognitive function scores in AD patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Cognição , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Cognição/fisiologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Idoso , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
8.
Mater Horiz ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38864466

RESUMO

Nanosprings demonstrate promising mechanical characteristics, positioning them as pivotal components in a diverse array of potential nanoengineering applications. To unlock the full potential of these nanosprings, ongoing research is concentrated on emulating springs at the nanoscale in terms of both morphology and function. This review underscores recent advancements in the field and provides a comprehensive overview of the diverse methods employed for nanospring preparation. Understanding the general mechanism behind nanospring formation lays the groundwork for the informed design of nanosprings. The synthesis section delineates four prominent methods employed for nanospring fabrication: vapor phase synthesis, templating methods, post-treatment techniques, and molecular engineering. Each method is critically analyzed, highlighting its strengths, limitations, and potential for scalability. Mechanical properties of nanosprings are explored in depth, discussing their response to external stimuli and their potential applications in various fields such as sensing, energy storage, and biomedical engineering. The interplay between nanospring morphology and mechanical behavior is elucidated, providing insights into the design principles for tailored functionality. Additionally, we anticipate that the evolution of state-of-the-art characterization tools, such as in situ transmission electron microscopy, 3D electron tomography, and machine learning, will significantly contribute to both the study of nanospring mechanisms and their applications.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 272(Pt 1): 132774, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823735

RESUMO

Although emulsion gels show significant potential as fat substitutes, they are vulnerable to degreasing, delamination, and other undesirable processes during freezing, storage, and thawing, leading to commercial value loss in terms of juiciness, flavor, and texture. This study investigated the gel strength and freeze-thaw stability of soybean protein isolate (SPI)/curdlan (CL) composite emulsion gels after adding sodium chloride (NaCl). Analysis revealed that adding low salt ion concentrations promoted the hardness and water-holding capacity (WHC) of fat substitutes, while high levels displayed an inhibitory effect. With 40 mM NaCl as the optimum concentration, the hardness increased from 259.33 g (0 mM) to 418.67 g, the WHC increased from 90.59 % to 93.18 %, exhibiting good freeze-thaw stability. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and particle size distribution were used to examine the impact of salt ion concentrations on protein particle aggregation and the damaging effect of freezing and thawing on the proteoglycan complex network structure. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and protein solubility evaluation indicated that the composite gel network structure consisted of covalent contacts between the proteoglycan molecules and hydrogen bonds, playing a predominant role in non-covalent interaction. This study showed that the salt ion concentration in the emulsion gel affected its molecular interactions.


Assuntos
Congelamento , Proteínas de Soja , beta-Glucanas , Proteínas de Soja/química , beta-Glucanas/química , Emulsões/química , Cloreto de Sódio/química , Solubilidade , Íons/química , Água/química , Géis/química
10.
Cogn Res Princ Implic ; 9(1): 36, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856867

RESUMO

Facial features are important sources of information about perceived trustworthiness. Masks and protective clothing diminish the visibility of facial cues by either partially concealing the mouth and nose or covering the entire face. During the pandemic, the use of personal protective equipment affected and redefined who trusts whom in society. This study used the classical investment game of interpersonal trust with Chinese participants to explore the impact of occlusion on interpersonal trust. Faces with moderate initial trustworthiness were occluded by a mask or protective clothing in Experiment 1 and were digitally occluded by a square in Experiment 2, and faces with three levels of initial trustworthiness were occluded by a mask in Experiment 3. Results showed that both undergraduates (Experiment 1a) and non-student adults (Experiment 1b) perceived the faces with protective clothing as more trustworthy than faces wearing standard masks and faces not wearing masks. Faces with the top halves showing were perceived as trustworthy as full faces, while faces with the bottom halves showing were perceived as less trustworthy. The effect of masks is weak and complex. Masks reduced participants' trust in faces with high initial trustworthiness, had no effect on faces with low and moderate initial trustworthiness, and only slightly increased the trust of undergraduates in faces with moderate initial trustworthiness. Our findings indicate that the lack of information caused by occlusion and the social significance associated with occlusion collectively affect people's trust behavior in Chinese society. We believe the findings of this study will be useful in elucidating the effects of personal protective equipment usage on perceptions of trustworthiness.


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Facial , Máscaras , Roupa de Proteção , Percepção Social , Confiança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , China , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Roupa de Proteção/normas , Adolescente , Jogos Experimentais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , População do Leste Asiático
11.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4811, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844452

RESUMO

Human multidrug resistance protein 5 (hMRP5) effluxes anticancer and antivirus drugs, driving multidrug resistance. To uncover the mechanism of hMRP5, we determine six distinct cryo-EM structures, revealing an autoinhibitory N-terminal peptide that must dissociate to permit subsequent substrate recruitment. Guided by these molecular insights, we design an inhibitory peptide that could block substrate entry into the transport pathway. We also identify a regulatory motif, comprising a positively charged cluster and hydrophobic patches, within the first nucleotide-binding domain that modulates hMRP5 localization by engaging with membranes. By integrating our structural, biochemical, computational, and cell biological findings, we propose a model for hMRP5 conformational cycling and localization. Overall, this work provides mechanistic understanding of hMRP5 function, while informing future selective hMRP5 inhibitor development. More broadly, this study advances our understanding of the structural dynamics and inhibition of ABC transporters.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Humanos , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/química , Transporte Biológico , Células HEK293 , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/química , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química , Conformação Proteica
12.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(5): 445-456, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843918

RESUMO

Objective: The leptin receptor, encoded by the LEPR gene, is involved in tumorigenesis. A potential functional variant of LEPR, rs1137101 (Gln223Arg), has been extensively investigated for its contribution to the risk of digestive system (DS) cancers, but results remain conflicting rather than conclusive. Here, we performed a case-control study and subsequent meta-analysis to examine the association between rs1137101 and DS cancer risk. Methods: A total of 1,727 patients with cancer (gastric/liver/colorectal: 460/480/787) and 800 healthy controls were recruited. Genotyping of rs1137101 was conducted using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay and confirmed using Sanger sequencing. Twenty-four eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis. Results: After Bonferroni correction, the case-control study revealed that rs1137101 was significantly associated with the risk of liver cancer in the Hubei Chinese population. The meta-analysis suggested that rs1137101 is significantly associated with the risk of overall DS, gastric, and liver cancer in the Chinese population. Conclusion: The LEPR rs1137101 variant may be a genetic biomarker for susceptibility to DS cancers (especially liver and gastric cancer) in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Receptores para Leptina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Fatores de Risco , População do Leste Asiático/genética
13.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847373

RESUMO

Wee1 is a kinase that regulates cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage. Wee1 inhibition is a potential strategy to suppress the growth of tumors with defective p53 or DNA repair pathways. However, the development of Wee1 inhibitors faces some challenges. AZD1775, the first-in-class Wee1 inhibitor, has poor kinase selectivity and dose-limiting toxicity. Here, we report the discovery of 12h, a highly selective and potent Wee1 inhibitor with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile. 12h showed strong antiproliferative effects against Lovo cells, a colorectal cancer cell line, both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, 12h showed a clean kinase profile and effectively induced cell apoptosis. Our results suggest that 12h is a promising drug candidate for further development as a novel anticancer agent.

14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 560, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China experienced an overwhelming COVID-19 pandemic from middle December 2022 to middle January 2023 after lifting the zero-COVID-19 policy on December 7, 2022. However, the infection rate was less studied. We aimed to investigate the SARS-CoV-2 infection rate in children shortly after discontinuation of the zero-COVID-19 policy. METHODS: From February 20 to April 10, 2023, we included 393 children aged 8 months to less than 3 years who did not receive COVID-19 vaccination and 114 children aged 3 to 6 years who received inactivated COVID-19 vaccines based on the convenience sampling in this cross-sectional study. IgG and IgM antibodies against nucleocapsid (N) and subunit 1 of spike (S1) of SARS-CoV-2 (anti-N/S1) were measured with commercial kits (Shenzhen YHLO Biotech, China). RESULTS: Of the 393 unvaccinated children (1.5 ± 0.6 years; 52.2% boys), 369 (93.9%) were anti-N/S1 IgG positive. Of the 114 vaccinated children (5.3 ± 0.9 years; 48.2% boys), 112 (98.2%) were anti-N/S1 IgG positive. None of the unvaccinated or vaccinated children was anti-N/S1 IgM positive. The median IgG antibody titers in vaccinated children (344.91 AU/mL) were significantly higher than that in unvaccinated children (42.80 AU/mL) (P < 0.0001). The positive rates and titers of anti-N/S1 IgG had no significant difference between boys and girls respectively. CONCLUSION: Vast majority of children were infected with SARS-CoV-2 shortly after ending zero-COVID-19 policy in China. Whether these unvaccinated infected children should receive COVID-19 vaccine merits further investigation.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Imunoglobulina G , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Masculino , Feminino , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Criança , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Lactente , Estudos Transversais , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
15.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1413936, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835388

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide advice for the indication of regional nodal irradiation (RNI) in patients with one to two positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) without axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in Shandong Cancer Hospital, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, and West China Hospital. Logistic analysis was performed in order to explore the influencing factors of positive non-SLNs (NSLNs) and >3 positive nodes among patients with one to two SLNs+. Then, nomograms were constructed. Results: Between May 2010 and 2020, among the 2,845 patients with one to two SLNs+ undergoing ALND (1,992 patients in the training set and 853 patients in the validation set), there were 34.3% harbored NSLNs+ and 15.6% harbored >3 positive nodes. Multivariate analysis showed that cN stage, the number of positive/negative SLN, pathological tumor stage, lympho-vascular invasion (LVI), multicenter, and molecular subtypes were significantly associated with NSLN metastasis. Similarly, multivariate analysis also showed that cN stage, the number of positive/negative SLNs, pathological tumor stage, and LVI could be independent predictors of >3 positive nodes. Then, nomograms for NSLN metastasis and >3 positive nodes were constructed using these parameters, respectively. Conclusions: The nomograms will be useful in estimating positive NSLNs and >3 positive nodes, and they might provide advice for the optimization of RNI.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826133

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a common gastrointestinal system malignancy. PACSIN1 functions as an oncogene in various cancers. This study aims to investigate the potential of PACSIN1 as a target in GC treatment. Gene expression is determined by RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence staining, and immunohistochemistry assay. FISH is performed to determine the colocalization of PACSIN1 and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I). Cytokine release and cell functions are analyzed by flow cytometry. In vivo assays are also conducted. Histological analysis is performed using H&E staining. The results show that PACSIN1 is overexpressed in GC patients, especially in those with immunologically-cold tumors. A high level of PACSIN1 is associated with poor prognosis. PACSIN1 deficiency inhibits autophagy but increases antigen presentation in GC cells. Moreover, PACSIN1 deficiency inhibits the lysosomal fusion and selective autophagy of MHC-I, increases CD8 + T-cell infiltration, and suppresses tumor growth and liver metastasis in vivo. Additionally, PACSIN1 knockout enhances the chemosensitivity of cells to immune checkpoint blockade. In summary, PACSIN1 mediates lysosomal fusion and selective autophagy of MHC-I and suppresses antigen presentation and CD8 + T-cell infiltration, thus inhibiting antitumor immunity in GC.

18.
Food Chem ; 455: 139901, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833858

RESUMO

This research develops diacylglycerol (DAG) based Pickering emulsions with enhanced oxidative stability stabilized by self-assembled quercetin/DAG/ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) complexes (QDCCs) using a one-step agitation method. Influence of DAG content (5%, 15%, 40%, and 80%, w/w) on the self-assembly behavior, interfacial properties, and emulsifying ability of complex particles was investigated. SEM, XRD and ATR-FTIR studies confirmed the formation of ternary composite particles. QDCCs in 80% DAG oil had the highest quercetin encapsulation efficiency (6.09 ± 0.01%), highest DPPH radical scavenging rate and ferric reducing antioxidant property (FRAP). ß-CD and quercetin adsorption rates in emulsion with 80% DAG oil were 88.4 ± 2.53% and 98.34 ± 0.15%, respectively. Pickering emulsions with 80% DAG had the smallest droplet size (8.90 ± 1.87 µm) and excellent oxidation stability. This research develops a novel approach to regulate the physicochemical stability of DAG-based emulsions by anchoring natural antioxidants at the oil-water interface through a one-pot self-assembly method.

19.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 259, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878072

RESUMO

Sex pheromones play crucial role in mating behavior of moths, involving intricate recognition mechanisms. While insect chemical biology has extensively studied type I pheromones, type II pheromones remain largely unexplored. This study focused on Helicoverpa armigera, a representative species of noctuid moth, aiming to reassess its sex pheromone composition. Our research unveiled two previously unidentified candidate type II sex pheromones-3Z,6Z,9Z-21:H and 3Z,6Z,9Z-23:H-in H. armigera. Furthermore, we identified HarmOR11 as an orphan pheromone receptor of 3Z,6Z,9Z-21:H. Through AlphaFold2 structural prediction, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics simulations, we elucidated the structural basis and key residues governing the sensory nuances of both type I and type II pheromone receptors, particularly HarmOR11 and HarmOR13. This study not only reveals the presence and recognition of candidate type II pheromones in a noctuid moth, but also establishes a comprehensive structural framework for PRs, contributing to the understanding of connections between evolutionary adaptations and the emergence of new pheromone types.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Receptores de Feromônios , Atrativos Sexuais , Animais , Atrativos Sexuais/metabolismo , Atrativos Sexuais/química , Mariposas/metabolismo , Mariposas/fisiologia , Receptores de Feromônios/metabolismo , Receptores de Feromônios/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Feminino , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Filogenia , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia
20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 673: 312-320, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878366

RESUMO

Silicon is considered as a promising alternative to traditional graphite anode for lithium-ion batteries. Due to the dramatic volume expansion of silicon anode generated from the insertion of Li+ ions, the binder which can suppress the severe volume change and repeated massive stress impact during cycling is required greatly. Herein, we design a gradient-distributed two-component binder (GE-PAA) to achieve excellent cyclic stability, and reveal the mechanism of high energy dissipative binder stabilized silicon electrodes. The inner layer of the electrode is the polyacrylic acid polymer (PAA) with high Young's modulus, which is used as the skeleton binder to stabilize the silicon particle interface and the electrode structure. The outer layer is the gel electrolyte polymer (GE) with lower Young's modulus, which releases the stress generated during the lithiation and de-lithiation process effectively, achieving the high structural stability at the molecular level and silicon particles. Due to the synergistic effect of the gradient binder design, the silicon electrode retains a reversible capacity of 1557.4 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at the current density of 0.5 C and 1539.2 mAh g-1 at a high rate of 1.8 C. This work provides a novel binder design strategy for Si anode with long cycle stability.

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