Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.760
Filtrar
1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112466, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217117

RESUMO

The 17 spent fluid catalytic cracking refinery catalysts (SFCCCs) from different petroleum refineries were collected and the leachates of SFCCCs were prepared. The ecotoxicity of SFCCC leachates to Raphidocelis subcapitata was assayed. The results showed that the toxicity of the 17 SFCCCs differ greatly. Ji SFCCC was the most toxic to R. subcapitata with a 96 h EC50 value of 1.38%, while Ha SFCCC was the least toxic, with the EC50 value was >100%. The relationships between the toxicity of SFCCCs and the metal concentrations in leachates were analyzed. The concentration of Ni (p = 0.001), La (p = 0.001), Mn (p = 0.014), Ce (p = 0.017), Co (p = 0.018), and Ca (p = 0.031) in leachates showed significant correlation with EC50 values. The predictive model for the ecotoxicity of SFCCCs were established with the concentrations of Ni and La in leachates as: ln(EC50) = 0.817 + exp(1.356 - 1.736 × CNi - 0.262 × CLa) (R2 = 0.926). The main toxic ingredients of SFCCC to microalgae were identified for the first time in this work. The results and predictive model of this study are significance for toxicity determination and management of SFCCCs.

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208225

RESUMO

Global localization is a fundamental ability for mobile robots. Considering the limitation of single type of sensor, fusing measurements from multiple sensors with complementary properties is a valuable task for study. In this paper, we propose a decoupled optimization-based framework for global-local sensor fusion, which fuses the intermittent 3D global positions and high-frequent 6D odometry poses to infer the 6D global localization results in real-time. The fusion process is formulated as estimating the relative transformation between global and local reference coordinates, translational extrinsic calibration, and the scale of the local pose estimator. We validate the full observability of the system under general movements, and further analyze the degenerated movement patterns where some related system state would be unobservable. A degeneration-aware sensor fusion method is designed which detects the degenerated directions before optimization, and adds constraints specifically along these directions to relieve the effect of the noise. The proposed degeneration-aware global-local sensor fusion method is validated in both simulation and real-world datasets with different sensor configurations, and shows its effectiveness in terms of accuracy and robustness compared with other decoupled sensor fusion methods for global localization.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Movimento , Calibragem , Simulação por Computador
3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241748

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The optimal lymph node classification system for prognostic assessment in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) patients who undergo lymph node dissection remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to compare prognostic nomograms based on AJCC N stage, lymph node ratio (LNR), and log odds of metastatic lymph nodes (LODDS) to evaluate the prognosis and differentiate risk subgroups of patients with resected GAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected 4633 patients with resected stage I-III GAC receiving chemotherapy from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2004 and 2015. Independent prognostic factors were selected by Cox regression analyses, based on which nomograms were constructed. External validation was performed in 228 cases from Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the effect of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) for different lymph node classifications. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis indicated that age, grade, primary site, T stage, N stage, LNR, LODDS, and radiotherapy were independent predictors. Good discrimination power and high consistency of calibration plots were obtained from the LODDS system nomogram. The LODDS classification could more precisely differentiate risk subgroups and improve the discrimination of the resected GAC prognosis. A user-friendly webserver of LODDS system was built based on the nomogram for convenient clinical application. CONCLUSIONS: The LODDS seems to be the most reliable lymph node classification in predicting the prognosis of patients with resected GAC and should be recommended in clinical prognostic assessment. Incorporating LODDS into the staging system will enable clinicians to more accurately predict prognosis and guide radiotherapy regimen decisions.

4.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of non-surgical correction for congenital auricular deformities (CADs) remain unclear owing to a lack of high-level evidence. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate the overall success and complication rates of the non-surgical correction for CAD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane Library for eligible studies. The pooled success and complication rates of non-surgical correction were estimated using a random effects model. Subgroup analyses were performed to compare the success rates between patients treated with splints and molding systems, between those younger and older than 6-weeks, and among those with different types of CADs. RESULTS: The review yielded 14 studies. The pooled success rate of non-surgical treatment was 93% (95% CI: 88%-97%). The success rates with splints and commercialized molding systems were 94% and 92%, respectively. The success rate was higher if non-surgical correction was initiated before age 6 weeks (96% vs. 82%). Prominent ears showed a lower success rate (85%) than other types of CADs (all > 90%). The pooled complication rate was 18% (95% CI: 10%-29%). Complications, including skin wound, irritation, and rash, were mild and easily treatable. CONCLUSION: The non-surgical correction of CADs is highly effective and safe. Splints and molding systems offer similar effectiveness. Non-surgical correction is more beneficial if applied within 6 weeks of birth. Prominent ears have a lower, but still acceptable, success rate compared to other types of CAD. We recommend the early use of non-surgical correction to achieve favorable outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

5.
Brain Behav ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Early recognition and intervention of patients with the anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis are important to achieve a better prognosis. The study aims to summarize the real-world perspectives of anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients in China via electronic medical records (EMRs). METHODS: Using EMRs of patients from 2013 to 2019 from West China Hospital in China, a retrospective research was conducted to demonstrate the temporary rank of clinical characteristics and disease prognosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were used to divide the anti-NMDAR-encephalitis into two groups (poor prognosis vs. good prognosis). Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze factors associated with prognosis. RESULTS: Here, 78 patients were included. The most common clinical characteristics are cognitive dysfunction (86.0%) and thought disorder (86.0%). Cognitive dysfunction, thought disorder, and seizures tended to appear soon after prodrome symptoms. Logistics analysis results showed that cognitive dysfunction (OR = 4.48, 95% CI = 1.09-18.47), the score of (GCS ≤ 8) (OR = 4.52, 95% CI = 1.18-17.32), positive antibodies in serum (OR = 4.89, 95% CI = 1.19-20.13) and delay immunotherapy (OR = 4.76, 95% CI = 1.79-12.60) were risk factors of poor clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There are two peaks in the development of autoimmune encephalitis (AE). The first peak is cognitive dysfunction, and the second peak is autonomic dysfunction. Cognitive dysfunction and GCS score ≤8 at admission, antibodies positive in serum, and delay immunotherapy were risk factors for a poor prognosis at discharge.

7.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 166: 657-667, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214776

RESUMO

To reveal the mechanism of photosynthesis inhibition by infection and the response of the MAPK signaling pathway to pathogen infection, tobacco leaves were inoculated with Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci (Pst), and the effects of Pst infection on photosynthesis of tobacco leaves were studied by physiological and proteomic techniques, with a focus on MAPK signaling pathway related proteins. Pst infection was observed to lead to the degradation of chlorophyll (especially Chl b) in tobacco leaves and the down-regulation of light harvesting antenna proteins expression, thus limiting the light harvesting ability. The photosystem II and I (PSII and PSI) activities were also decreased, and Pst infection inhibited the utilization of light and CO2. Proteomic analyses showed that the number of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) under Pst infection at 3 d were significantly higher than at 1 d, especially the number of down-regulated proteins. The KEGG enrichment of DEPs was mainly enriched in the energy metabolism processes such as photosynthesis antenna proteins and photosynthesis. The down-regulation of chlorophyll a-b binding protein, photosynthetic electron transport related proteins (e.g., PSII and PSI core proteins, the Cytb6/f complex, PC, Fd, FNR), ATP synthase subunits, and key enzymes in the Calvin cycle were the key changes associated with Pst infection that may inhibit tobacco photosynthesis. The effect of Pst infection on the PSII electron acceptor side was significantly greater than that on the PSII donor side. The main factor that decreased the photosynthetic ability of tobacco leaves with Pst infection at 1 d may be the inhibition of photochemical reactions leading to an insufficient supply of ATP, rather than decreased expression of enzymes involved in the Calvin cycle. At 1 d into Pst infection, the PSII regulated energy dissipation yield Y(NPQ) may play a role in preventing photosynthetic inhibition in tobacco leaves, but the long-term Pst infection significantly inhibited Y(NPQ) and the expression of PsbS proteins. Proteins involved in the MAPK signaling pathway were up-regulated, suggesting the MAPK signaling pathway was activated to respond to Pst infection. However, at the late stage of Pst infection (at 3 d), MAPK signaling pathway proteins were degraded, and the defense function of the MAPK signaling pathway in tobacco leaves was damaged.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269698

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Proper medication compliance is critical for the integrity of clinical practice, directly related to the success of clinical trials to evaluate both pharmacological and device-based therapies. Here, we established a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to accurately detect 55 chemical entities in human urine sample, which accounting for the most commonly used 172 antihypertensive drugs in China. The established method had good accuracy, intra-day and inter-day precision for all analyses in both bench tests and validated in 21 hospitalized patients. We utilized this method to monitor and ensure drug compliance, and exclude the inferring impacts of medication compliance as a key confounder for our pivotal trial of a catheter-based, renal mapping and selective renal denervation to treat hypertension. It is found that in the urine samples from 92 consecutive subjects, 85 subjects (92.4%) were consistent with their prescriptions after 28 days run-in periods, 90 (97.8%) and 85 (95.5%) patients completely complied with their medications during the 3-month and 6-month follow-up period, respectively. Thus, using LC-MS/MS method with specificity, accuracy and precision, we ensured drug compliance of patients, excluded the key confounder of drug interferences and ensured the quality of our device-based clinical trial for treatment of hypertension.

9.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269728

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: A 61-year-old man was hospitalized for suspected cardiac amyloidosis. 99mTc-Pyrophosphate scintigraphy showed intense radiotracer uptake in the heart compared with the ribs, suggestive of transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis. Subsequent genetic test showed missense mutations in the transthyretin gene, which confirmed the diagnosis. Incidentally, a regional radiotracer uptake was seen in the bilateral lungs, respectively, corresponding to areas of atelectasis on the localizing CT of the SPECT/CT. Attention should be paid to radiotracer retention in lung atelectasis as it influences the H/CL (heart-to-contralateral lung) ratio calculation and may hinder the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis based on the quantitative H/CL ratio.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286572

RESUMO

Ternary sulfide Cu3SnS4 (CTS) receives growing interest in photocatalytic and gas sensing applications; however, limited attention has been paid to the application in thermoelectrics in virtue of its intrinsic high carrier concentration. In this work, a high figure of merit of Ga (ZT) and Te cointroduced CTS with the composition of (Cu3SnS4)1-x(Ga2Te3)x (x = 0.105) has been realized via synergistic optimization of the electronic and thermal transport properties. The incorporation of Ga into CTS results in a downshift of both the conduction and valence bands, which effectively promotes the active hybridization of Sn 5s and S 3p orbitals near the Fermi level (EF) and optimizes the carrier concentration. In the meantime, the lattice thermal conductivity (κL) generally decreases on account of the local internal distortion induced by Ga(Te) substitution at the Cu(S) site. Moreover, the phonon transport is greatly suppressed above ∼725 K attributed to the melting of the second-phase Te on the grain boundaries. Consequently, the highest ZT value of ∼0.96 is obtained at 798 K. This value is ∼3.6 times that of the pristine CTS and ranks the highest in the CTS system to date.

11.
Eur J Oral Sci ; : e12790, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288157

RESUMO

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are multipotent and may play crucial roles in dentin-pulp regeneration. Recent studies have revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated in the osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs. However, the specific role and potential mechanisms of the lncRNA trihydroxyacetophenone domain containing nine antisense RNA 1 (THAP9-AS1) during osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs remain unknown. In the present study, we determined that THAP9-AS1 expression was upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Moreover, we investigated the biological functions of THAP9-AS1 during osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs by loss-of-function assays. THAP9-AS1 knockdown inhibited osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs by decreasing alkaline phosphatase activity, alkaline phosphatase-positive cell ratio, mineralizing matrix and mRNA, and protein levels of early osteogenic-markers. We also found that THAP9-AS1 interacted with miR-652-3p, whose downstream gene target is vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). In addition, rescue assays indicated that VEGFA rescued the effects of THAP9-AS1 knockdown during osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs. In summary, we verified that knockdown of THAP9-AS1 inhibits osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs via the miR-652-3p/VEGFA axis. Our findings may be helpful to extend research on the mechanisms underlying osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 650, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness in young children. A monovalent vaccine has been developed in China protecting against enterovirus-71, bivalent vaccines preventing HFMD caused by two viruses are under development. OBJECTIVE: To predict and compare the incidence of HFMD under different vaccination scenarios in China. METHODS: We developed a compartmental model to capture enterovirus transmission and the natural history of HFMD in children aged 0-5, and calibrated to reported cases in the same age-group from 2015 to 2018. We compared the following vaccination scenarios: different combinations of monovalent and bivalent vaccine; a program of constant vaccination to that of pulse vaccination prior to seasonal outbreaks. RESULTS: We estimate 1,982,819, 2,258,846, 1,948,522 and 2,398,566 cases from 2015 to 2018. Increased coverage of monovalent vaccine from 0 to 80% is predicted to decrease the cases by 797,262 (49.1%). Use of bivalent vaccine at an 80% coverage level would decrease the cases by 828,560. Use of a 2.0× pulse vaccination for the bivalent vaccine in addition to 80% coverage would reduce cases by over one million. The estimated R0 for HFMD in 2015-2018 was 1.08, 1.10, 1.35 and 1.17. CONCLUSIONS: Our results point to the benefit of bivalent vaccine and using a pulse vaccination in specific months over routine vaccination. Other ways to control HFMD include isolation of patients in the early stage of dissemination, more frequent hand-washing and ventilation, and better treatment options for patients.

13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 638, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Searching the risk factors for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infection is important in clinical practice. In the present study, we aim to investigate bacterial characteristics of colonizing strains and their correlation with subsequent CRE infection. METHODS: Between May 2018 and January 2019, patients hospitalized in the department of haematology and intensive care unit (ICU) were screened for CRE by rectal swabs and monitored for the outcome of infection. We identified the species and carbapenemase-encoding genes of colonizing strains and performed antimicrobial susceptibility tests and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Risk factors for subsequent CRE infections were ascertained by univariate and multivariable analysis. RESULTS: We collected a total of 219 colonizing strains from 153 patients. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most abundant species, and MLST analysis showed rich diversity. K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) was predominant in the infection group (72.4%). In the non-infection group, 35.4% of strains were non-carbapenemase-producing CRE (NCP-CRE), and New Delhi metallo-ß-lactamase (NDM) was predominant (42.2%). The rate of high-level carbapenem resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] ≥ 64 mg/L for meropenem and ertapenem, ≥ 32 mg/L for imipenem) was remarkably higher in the infection group than in the non-infection group (P <  0.001). Univariate analysis showed that K. pneumoniae, high-level carbapenem resistance, CP-CRE and KPC-CRE were infection risk factors after CRE colonization. On multivariable analysis with different carbapenemase dichotomizations, KPC-CRE (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.507; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.339-15.171; P = 0.015) or imipenem MIC ≥ 32 mg/L (aOR, 9.515; 95% CI, 1.617-55.977; P = 0.013) were respectively identified as independent risk factors for subsequent infection. CONCLUSIONS: Patients colonized with KPC-CRE or strains with an imipenem MIC ≥ 32 mg/L were at particularly high risk of subsequent CRE infections during their hospital stay.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/patogenicidade , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus/métodos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/classificação , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
14.
Development ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269792

RESUMO

STAU2 is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein enriched in the nervous system. During asymmetric divisions in the developing mouse cortex, STAU2 preferentially distributes into the intermediate progenitor cell (IPC), delivering RNA molecules that can impact IPC behavior. Corticogenesis occurs on a precise time-schedule, raising the hypothesis that the cargo STAU2 delivers into IPCs changes over time. To test this, we combine RNA-immunoprecipitation with sequencing (RIP-seq) over four stages of mouse cortical development, generating a comprehensive cargo profile for STAU2. A subset of the cargo was 'stable', present at all stages, and involved in chromosome organization, macromolecule localization, translation, and DNA repair. Another subset was 'dynamic', changing with cortical stage, and involved in neurogenesis, cell projection organization, neurite outgrowth, and included cortical layer markers. Notably, the dynamic STAU2 cargo included determinants of IPC versus neuronal fates and genes contributing to abnormal corticogenesis. Knockdown of one STAU2 target, Taf13, previously linked to microcephaly and impaired myelination, reduced oligodendrogenesis in vitro. We conclude that STAU2 contributes to the timing of corticogenesis by binding and delivering complex and temporally-regulated RNA cargo into IPCs.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202695

RESUMO

Chrysomycin A (Chr-A), an antibiotic chrysomycin, was discovered in 1955 and is used to treat cancer and tuberculosis. In the present study, the anti-neuroinflammatory effects and possible mechanism of Chr-A in BALB/c mice and in BV2 microglia cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were investigated. Firstly, the cortex tissues of mice were analyzed by RNA-seq transcriptome to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) regulated by Chr-A in LPS-stimulated mice. Inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory proteins were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot. In RNAseq detection, 639 differential up-regulated genes between the control group and LPS model group and 113 differential down-regulated genes between the LPS model group and Chr-A treatment group were found, and 70 overlapping genes were identified as key genes for Chr-A against neuroinflammation. Subsequent GO biological process enrichment analysis showed that the anti-neuroinflammatory effect of Chr-A might be related to the response to cytokine, cellular response to cytokine stimulus, and regulation of immune system process. The significant signaling pathways of KEGG enrichment analysis were mainly involved in TNF signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, NF-κB signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Our results of in vivo or in vitro experiments showed that the levels of pro-inflammatory factors including NO, IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-17, TNF-α, MCP-1, CXCL12, GM-CSF and COX2 in the LPS-stimulated group were higher than those in the control group, while Chr-A reversed those conditions. Furthermore, the Western blot analysis showed that its anti-neuroinflammation appeared to be related to the down-regulation of NLRP3/cleaved caspase-1 signaling pathway. The current findings provide new insights into the activity and molecular mechanisms of Chr-A for the treatment of neuroinflammation.

16.
Korean J Parasitol ; 59(3): 257-263, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218597

RESUMO

Human gnathostomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Gnathostoma nematode infection. A rapid, reliable, and practical immunoassay, named dot immuno-gold filtration assay (DIGFA), was developed to supporting clinical diagnosis of gnathostomiasis. The practical tool detected anti-Gnathostoma-specific IgG4 in human serum using crude extract of third-stage larvae as antigen. The result of the test was shown by anti-human IgG4 monoclonal antibody conjugated colloidal gold. The sensitivity and specificity of the test were both 100% for detection in human sera from patients with gnathostomiasis (13/13) and from healthy negative controls (50/50), respectively. Cross-reactivity with heterogonous serum samples from patients with other helminthiases ranged from 0 (trichinosis, paragonimiasis, clonorchiasis, schistosomiasis, and cysticercosis) to 25.0% (sparganosis), with an average of 6.3% (7/112). Moreover, specific IgG4 antibodies diminished at 6 months after treatment. This study showed that DIGFA for the detection of specific IgG4 in human sera could be a promising tool for the diagnosis of gnathostomiasis and useful for evaluating therapeutic effects.

17.
Plant J ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228847

RESUMO

Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon that causes biased expression of maternally and paternally inherited alleles. In flowering plants, genomic imprinting predominantly occurs in the triploid endosperm and plays a vital role in seed development. In this study, we identified 248 candidate imprinted genes including 114 maternally expressed imprinted genes (MEGs) and 134 paternally expressed imprinted genes (PEGs) in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) endosperm using deep RNA sequencing. These imprinted genes were neither clustered in specific chromosomal regions nor well conserved among flax and other plant species. MEGs tended to be expressed specifically in the endosperm, whereas the expression of PEGs was not tissue-specific. Imprinted single nucleotide polymorphisms differentiated 200 flax cultivars into the oil flax, oil-fiber dual purpose flax and fiber flax subgroups, suggesting that genomic imprinting contributed to intraspecific variation in flax. The nucleotide diversity of imprinted genes in the oil flax subgroup was significantly higher than that in the fiber flax subgroup, indicating that some imprinted genes underwent positive selection during flax domestication from oil flax to fiber flax. Moreover, imprinted genes that underwent positive selection were related to flax functions. Thirteen imprinted genes related to flax seed size and weight were identified using a candidate gene-based association study. Therefore, our study provides information for further exploration of the function and genomic variation of imprinted genes in the flax population.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 417: 126061, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229385

RESUMO

The increasing input of fungicides has emerged as a global concern for agroecosystem stability and sustainability. Agroecosystem resilience has been linked to microbiome response, however, is not well understood. Focusing on a widespread triazole-class fungicide triadimefon in the paddy ecosystem, we characterized that the soils and sediments were dominant triadimefon reservoirs with the peak level at 195 µg kg-1 and 31.3 µg kg-1, respectively, but essential for the resilience of paddy ecosystem to triadimefon. In paddy simulation models, the half-life of triadimefon in soil-sediment was 8.4-28.9 days, while it was prolonged to 86.6-115.5 days after elimination of resident microbial community. Phospholipid fatty acid profiling and high-throughput sequencing showed that the distinctive bacterial community responses contributed to variable degradation of triadimefon in paddy soils and sediments. Sphingomonas and Xanthomonas were identified as positive responders of the keystone taxa in the responsive bacteriome, whereas Enterobacter were negative responders that declined over time. Synthetic assemblages combined with quantitative polymerase chain reaction further validated that Sphingomonas and Xanthomonas were involved in sustaining soil-sediment resilience to triadimefon contamination. Collectively, our results revealed that the shaping of soil and sediment bacteriomes was responsible for the resilience of the paddy agroecosystem to fungicide contamination.

19.
Food Chem ; 365: 130470, 2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237577

RESUMO

To explore the antioxidant capacity of citrus flavonoids under different evaluation systems, chemical and biological methods were engaged to determine the antioxidant abilities of flavanones and polymethoxyflavones. Results showed that flavanones exhibited good antioxidant activity, while polymethoxyflavones had a weak ability to scavenge free radicals. Both flavanones and polymethoxyflavones exerted the ability to inhibit H2O2-induced oxidative stress, but the effective concentration of polymethoxyflavones was lower. Further exploration showed that neohesperidin and tangeretin selectively regulated antioxidant enzyme activity, both in vitro and in vivo. Tangeretin also maintained the expression of antioxidant enzymes in L02 cells and in ICR mice liver. The mechanism exploration showed that both neohesperidin and tangeretin promoted the expression of NRF2 and inhibit the expression of KEAP1, but tangeretin could inhibit the ubiquitination of NRF2 by inhibiting CUL3. The mechanism was verified by CUL3 gene silencing. This study demonstrates a novel antioxidant mechanism of natural products.

20.
J Environ Manage ; 297: 113249, 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284328

RESUMO

International trade's impact on the pollution reduction, especially varied reduction effects dealing with global or local pollutants has not been thoroughly researched empirically. We explored effects of international trade participation on both the carbon dioxide emission intensity and sulfur dioxide emission intensity with a panel data of 179 major countries during 20 years when globalization thrived. Carbon dioxide causing climate change is a global concern. While sulfur dioxide is one major air pollutant causing local health problems. Empirically, international trade participation mainly reduces carbon dioxide emission intensity but not sulfur dioxide emission intensity. Also, trade in goods form is more effective than in service form. However, international trade participation does little to improving a country's overall technology level, implying that regulation enhancement under international norm is the main mechanism. Compared with developed countries, developing countries can reduce both kinds of pollutant emission intensities more effectively by participating into international trade. A case study of China's entering into World Trade Organization (WTO)'s impact on pollutant reduction can provide more evidence. Also, developing countries with higher industrialization level experiences a bigger improvement in cleaner production. And developing countries with higher democratization level pay more attention to reduce local environmental concerns.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...