Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.534
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8095, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582932

RESUMO

Legumain (or asparagine endopeptidase/AEP) is a lysosomal cysteine endopeptidase associated with increased invasive and migratory behavior in a variety of cancers. In this study, co-delivery of Cas9 mRNA and guide RNA (gRNA) by lipid nanoparticles (LNP) for editing of LGMN gene was performed. For in-vitro transcription (IVT) of gRNA, two templates were designed: linearized pUC57-T7-gRNA and T7-gRNA oligos, and the effectiveness of gRNA was verified in multiple ways. Cas9 plasmid was modified and optimized for IVT of Cas9 mRNA. The effects of LGMN gene editing on lysosomal/autophagic function and cancer cell metastasis were investigated. Co-delivery of Cas9 mRNA and gRNA resulted in impaired lysosomal/autophagic degradation, clone formation, migration, and invasion capacity of cancer cells in-vitro. Experimental lung metastasis experiment indicates co-delivery of Cas9 mRNA and gRNA by LNP reduced the migration and invasion capacity of cancer cells in-vivo. These results indicate that co-delivery of Cas9 mRNA and gRNA can enhance the efficiency of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in-vitro and in-vivo, and suggest that Cas9 mRNA and gRNA gene editing of LGMN may be a potential treatment for breast tumor metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Humanos , Feminino , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos
2.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 123: 106949, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564831

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gait initiation (GI) includes automatic and voluntary movements. However, research on their impact on the first step in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their relationship to freezing of gait (FOG) is lacking. We examined the effects of automatic movements (anticipatory postural adjustments [APAs]) and voluntary movements (limits of stability [LOS]) on the first step (first-step duration and first-step range of motion), along with their early recognition and prediction of slight FOG. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with PD and slight freezing (PD + FOG) and 25 non-freezing patients with PD (PD-FOG) were tested while off medications and compared with 24 healthy controls (HC). All participants completed a 7-m Stand and Walk Test (7 m SAW) and wore inertial sensors to quantify the APAs and first step. LOS was quantified by dynamic posturography in different directions using a pressure platform. We compared differences among all three groups, analysed correlations, and evaluated their predictive value for slight FOG. RESULTS: In PD + FOG, APAs and LOS were worse than those in the PD-FOG and HC groups (p < 0.001), and the first step was worse than that in HC (p < 0.001). APAs were correlated mainly with the first-step duration. APAs and LOS were correlated with the first-step range of motion. APAs have been recognized as independent predictors of FOG, and their combination with LOS enhances predictive sensitivity. CONCLUSION: APAs and LOS in patients with PD directly affect the first step during GI. In addition, the combination of APAs and LOS helped predict slight FOG.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 349: 123913, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582189

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke (CS), the main source of indoor air pollution and the primary risk factor for respiratory diseases, contains chemicals that can perturb microbiota through antibiotic effects. Although smoking induces a disturbance of microbiota in the lower respiratory tract, whether and how it contributes to initiation or promotion of emphysema are not well clarified. Here, we demonstrated an aberrant microbiome in lung tissue of patients with smoking-related COPD. We found that Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) was expanded in lung tissue of patients with smoking-related COPD. We revealed that S. maltophilia drives PANoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells and represses formation of alveolar organoids through IRF1 (interferon regulatory factor 1). Mechanistically, IRF1 accelerated transcription of ZBP1 (Z-DNA Binding Protein 1) in S. maltophilia-infected alveolar epithelial cells. Elevated ZBP1 served as a component of the PANoptosome, which triggered PANoptosis in these cells. By using of alveolar organoids infected by S. maltophilia, we found that targeting of IRF1 mitigated S. maltophilia-induced injury of these organoids. Moreover, the expansion of S. maltophilia and the expression of IRF1 negatively correlated with the progression of emphysema. Thus, the present study provides insights into the mechanism of lung dysbiosis in smoking-related COPD, and presents a potential target for mitigation of COPD progression.

4.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607167

RESUMO

Significant progress has been made in two-dimensional material-based sensing devices over the past decade. Organic vapor sensors, particularly those using graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides as key components, have demonstrated excellent sensitivity. These sensors are highly active because all the atoms in the ultra-thin layers are exposed to volatile compounds. However, their selectivity needs improvement. We propose a novel gas-sensing device that addresses this challenge. It consists of two side-by-side sensors fabricated from the same active material, few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), for detecting volatile organic compounds like alcohol, acetone, and toluene. To create a dual-channel sensor, we introduce a simple step into the conventional 2D material sensor fabrication process. This step involves treating one-half of the few-layer MoS2 using ultraviolet-ozone (UV-O3) treatment. The responses of pristine few-layer MoS2 sensors to 3000 ppm of ethanol, acetone, and toluene gases are 18%, 3.5%, and 49%, respectively. The UV-O3-treated few-layer MoS2-based sensors show responses of 13.4%, 3.1%, and 6.7%, respectively. This dual-channel sensing device demonstrates a 7-fold improvement in selectivity for toluene gas against ethanol and acetone. Our work sheds light on understanding surface processes and interaction mechanisms at the interface between transition metal dichalcogenides and volatile organic compounds, leading to enhanced sensitivity and selectivity.

5.
Sci Adv ; 10(15): eadk1415, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608018

RESUMO

Magnetic semimetals form an attractive class of materials because of the nontrivial contributions of itinerant electrons to magnetism. Because of their relatively low-carrier-density nature, a doping level of those materials could be largely tuned by a gating technique. Here, we demonstrate gate-tunable ferromagnetism in an emergent van der Waals magnetic semimetal Cr3Te4 based on an ion-gating technique. Upon doping electrons into the system, the Curie temperature (TC) sharply increases, approaching near to room temperature, and then decreases to some extent. This non-monotonous variation of TC accompanies the switching of the magnetic anisotropy, synchronously followed by the sign changes of the ordinary and anomalous Hall effects. Those results clearly elucidate that the magnetism in Cr3Te4 should be governed by its semimetallic band nature.

6.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613700

RESUMO

Protopanaxadiol (PPD), which has a molecular structure similar to cholesterol, is a potent anticancer agent that has been proposed to target the lipid membrane for the pharmacological effects. However, the underlying mechanism by which PPD modulates the cell membrane leading to cancer cell death is not be fully understood. In this work, we used single cell infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy to investigate the effects of PPD on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells, focusing on the change in membrane structure. We found that PPD significantly reduced the number of membrane tubules over the course of treatment. Interestingly, the addition of PPD could promote the formation of lipid raft-like domains (PPD rafts) and even restore the domain disruption caused by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin depletion of membrane cholesterol. In addition, PPD pre-treatment may increase the induction effect of FasL, which impairs cell viability, although it does not appear to be beneficial for Fas clustering in the PPD rafts. Collectively, these results highlight a non-classical mechanism by which PPD induces HepG2 apoptosis by directly affecting the physical properties of the cell membrane, providing a novel insight into understanding membrane-targeted therapy.

7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(2): 267-272, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of hemodialysis patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a single-center from Beijing. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19 who received regular hemodialysis at Peking University Third Hospital from November 30, 2022 to January 4, 2023 were selected as the study objects. Clinical symptoms, severity and duration of symptoms during the period of virus positive were investigated in the form of questionnaires, and the basic information of the patients, as well as the results of blood tests (routine blood and blood biochemistry, etc.) before and after infection, dialysis treatment and the outcome of the disease were collected by consulting medical records. RESULTS: A total of 203 subjects were included in this study, including 148 mild cases (72.91%), 23 medium cases (11.33%), 32 severe and critical cases (15.76%), and 16 (7.88%) deaths occured during the follow-up. Clinical symptoms mainly included respiratory symptoms (among which 81.77% had cough, 68.97% had expectoration), fever (81.28%) and fatigue (65.52%), and fatigue and weakness had the longest duration [9 (5, 15) days] among all symptoms. Twenty-six patients (12.8%) reduced the dialysis sessions [1 (1, 2) times], 25 patients (12.32%) had the behavior of early finishing dialysis (27 times), reducing the dialysis time by 30.0 (20.0, 30.5) minutes. Univa-riate analysis showed that the hemoglobin, creatinine, urea nitrogen and ultrafiltration decreased signi-ficantly after infection (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in age, albumin, hemoglobin, creatinine levels and vascular access types among the patients with different clinical subtypes, and the changes of dialysis sessions, fever, expectoration and fatigue degree were also different among the patients with different clinical subtypes (P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=1.051, 95%CI: 1.017-1.086, P=0.003) and albumin levels (OR=0.905, 95%CI: 0.803-1.019, P=0.098) corrected by fever, expectoration and fatigue levels were still associated with the occurrence of pneumonia. CONCLUSION: The morbidity of pneumonia and the proportion of deaths in hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 were higher, and some clinical symptoms lasted for a longer time than the general population. During the infection period, the incidence of dialysis-related complications increased, hemoglobin and nutritional status decreased. Elderly patients and patients with low albumin level had a higher risk of developing pneumonia after infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Creatinina , Diálise Renal , Albuminas , Hemoglobinas
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1113-1121, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621918

RESUMO

This study systematically collected, analyzed, and evaluated randomized controlled trial(RCT) in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer(DFU). The aim as provide references for future studies and to enhance the application of clinical evidence. The RCT of DFU treated with Chinese Patent Medicine was obtained and analyzed using the AI-Clinical Evidence Database of Chinese Patent Medicine(AICED-CPM). The analysis was supplemented with data from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. A total of 275 RCTs meeting the requirements were retrieved, with only 7 of them having a sample size of 200 or more. These trials involved 66 different Chinese patent medicine including 25 oral medications, 24 Chinese herbal injections, and 17 external drugs. Among the 33 different intervention/control designs identified, the most common design was Chinese patent medicine + conventional treatment vs conventional treatment(86 cases, 31.27%). Out of the 275 articles included in the literature, 50 did not provide information on the specific course of treatment(18.18%). A total of 10 counting indicators(with a frequency of 426) and 36 measuring indicators(with a frequency of 962) were utilized. The methodological quality of the RCT for the treatment of DFU with Chinese patent medicine was found to be low, with deficiencies in blind methods, other bias factors, study registration, and sample size estimation. There were noticeable shortcomings in the reporting of allocation hiding and implementation bias(blind method application). More studies should prioritize trial registration, program design, and strict quality control during implementation to provide valuable data for clinical practice and serve as a reference for future investigations.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622030

RESUMO

The tandem application of CO2 electrolysis with syngas fermentation holds promise for achieving heightened production rates and improved product quality. However, the significant impact of syngas composition on mixed culture-based microbial chain elongation remains unclear. Additionally, effective methods for generating syngas with an adjustable composition from acidic CO2 electrolysis are currently lacking. This study successfully demonstrated the production of medium-chain fatty acids from CO2 through tandem acidic electrolysis with syngas fermentation. CO could serve as the sole energy source or as the electron donor (when cofed with acetate) for caproate generation. Furthermore, the results of gas diffusion electrode structure engineering highlighted that the use of carbon black, either alone or in combination with graphite, enabled consistent syngas generation with an adjustable composition from acidic CO2 electrolysis (pH 1). The carbon black layer significantly improved the CO selectivity, increasing from 0% to 43.5% (0.05 M K+) and further to 92.4% (0.5 M K+). This enhancement in performance was attributed to the promotion of K+ accumulation, stabilizing catalytically active sites, rather than creating a localized alkaline environment for CO2-to-CO conversion. This research contributes to the advancement of hybrid technology for sustainable CO2 reduction and chemical production.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 445, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), the last member of the proprotein convertase family, functions as a classic regulator of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by interacting with low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR). Recent studies have shown that PCSK9 can affect the occurrence and development of tumors and can be used as a novel therapeutic target. However, a comprehensive pan-cancer analysis of PCSK9 has yet to be conducted. METHODS: The potential oncogenic effects of PCSK9 in 33 types of tumors were explored based on the datasets of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. In addition, the immune regulatory role of PCSK9 inhibition was evaluated via in vitro cell coculture and the tumor-bearing mouse model. Finally, the antitumor efficacy of targeted PCSK9 combined with OVA-II vaccines was verified. RESULTS: Our results indicated that PCSK9 was highly expressed in most tumor types and was significantly correlated with late disease stage and poor prognosis. Additionally, PCSK9 may regulate the tumor immune matrix score, immune cell infiltration, immune checkpoint expression, and major histocompatibility complex expression. Notably, we first found that dendritic cell (DC) infiltration and major histocompatibility complex-II (MHC-II) expression could be upregulated by PCSK9 inhibition and improve CD8+ T cell activation in the tumor immune microenvironment, thereby achieving potent tumor control. Combining PCSK9 inhibitors could enhance the efficacies of OVA-II tumor vaccine monotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Conclusively, our pan-cancer analysis provided a more comprehensive understanding of the oncogenic and immunoregulatory roles of PCSK9 and demonstrated that targeting PCSK9 could increase the efficacy of long peptide vaccines by upregulating DC infiltration and MHC-II expression on the surface of tumor cells. This study reveals the critical oncogenic and immunoregulatory roles of PCSK9 in various tumors and shows the promise of PCSK9 as a potent immunotherapy target.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Camundongos , Animais , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/genética , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/metabolismo , Pró-Proteína Convertases/genética , Pró-Proteína Convertases/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/genética , Lipoproteínas LDL , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade , Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2400401, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609000

RESUMO

Improving reaction selectivity is the next target for nanozymes to mimic natural enzymes. Currently, the majority of strategies in this field are exclusively applicable to metal-organic-based or organic-based nanozymes, while limited in regulating metal oxide-based semiconductor nanozymes. Herein, taking semiconductor Co3O4 as an example, we propose a heterojunction strategy to precisely regulate nanozyme selectivity by simultaneously regulating three vital factors including band structure, metal valence state, and oxygen vacancy content. After introducing MnO2 to form Z-scheme heterojunctions with Co3O4 nanoparticles, the catalase (CAT)-like and peroxidase (POD)-like activities of Co3O4 can be precisely regulated since the introduction of MnO2 affected the position of the conduction bands (CB), preserved Co in a higher oxidation state (Co3+) and increased oxygen vacancy content, enabling Co3O4-MnO2 exhibit improved CAT-like activity and reduced POD-like activity. This study proposed a strategy for improving reaction selectivity of Co3O4, which contributes to the development of metal oxide-based semiconductor nanozymes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1277206, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567154

RESUMO

Background: Metabolic reprogramming plays a significant role in the advancement of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), yet the precise metabolic changes remain incompletely understood. This study aims to uncover metabolic indicators associated with the progression of LUAD. Methods: A total of 1083 subjects were recruited, including 670 LUAD, 135 benign lung nodules (BLN) and 278 healthy controls (HC). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to identify and quantify plasma metabolites. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to determine LUAD risk factors, and machine learning algorithms were utilized to differentiate LUAD from BLN. Results: High levels of oxalate, glycolate, glycine, glyceric acid, aminomalonic acid, and creatinine were identified as risk factors for LUAD (adjusted ORs>1.2, P<0.03). Remarkably, oxalate emerged as a distinctive metabolic risk factor exhibiting a strong correlation with the progression of LUAD (adjusted OR=5.107, P<0.001; advanced-stage vs. early-stage). The Random Forest (RF) model demonstrated a high degree of efficacy in distinguishing between LUAD and BLN (accuracy = 1.00 and 0.73, F1-score= 1.00 and 0.79, and AUC = 1.00 and 0.76 in the training and validation sets, respectively). TCGA and GTEx gene expression data have shown that lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), a crucial enzyme involved in oxalate metabolism, is increasingly expressed in the progression of LUAD. High LDHA expression levels in LUAD patients are also linked to poor prognoses (HR=1.66, 95% CI=1.34-2.07, P<0.001). Conclusions: This study reveals risk factors associated with LUAD.

13.
AJOG Glob Rep ; 4(2): 100332, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria and phenotypes in polycystic ovary syndrome are heterogeneous. Currently, it is unclear how to assess a patient's prognosis based on the onset time of menstruation disturbance. Evidence on this topic is scarce and has mainly focused on menstrual patterns. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between the onset time of menstrual disturbance and clinical features and in vitro fertilization pregnancy outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Our study was a secondary analysis of data collected as part of a randomized controlled trial conducted to compare live birth rates between fresh embryo transfer and frozen embryo transfer in 1508 individuals with polycystic ovary syndrome. Here, 1500 participants were classified into 2 groups according to the onset time of menstrual disturbance: immediately after menarche (early group) and after at least 1 year of regular menstruation (late group). We compared the prepregnancy clinical features, variables of ovarian stimulation, pregnancy outcomes after the initial cycle of embryo transfer, and perinatal and neonatal complications in the 2 groups. RESULTS: Compared with the late group, the early group had more antral follicles (32.00 [range, 27.25-39.50] vs 28.00 [range, 24.00-36.00]; P<.001), an elevated level of antimüllerian hormone (7.02 ng/mL [range, 3.60-11.47] vs 5.66 ng/mL [range, 3.65-8.92]; P=.024), a higher level of baseline luteinizing hormone (10.01±5.93 vs 8.51±5.53 IU/l; P<.001) and luteinizing hormone-to-follicle-stimulating hormone ratio (1.51 [range, 1.00-2.32] vs 1.45 [range, 0.92-2.13]; P<.001), lower levels of fasting glucose (5.47 mmol/L [range, 5.11-5.73] vs 5.50 mmol/L [range, 5.17-5.76]; P<.001), and insulin at 2 hours after 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (56.85 µU/mL [range, 34.63-94.54] vs 59.82 µU/mL [range, 33.56-94.67]; P=.027), a higher level of high-density lipoprotein (1.26 mmol/L [range, 1.04-1.37] vs 1.21 mmol/L [range, 1.07-1.45]; P=.006). During in vitro fertilization, the early group had a higher level of peak estradiol (4596.50 pg/mL [range, 2639.25-6321.00] vs 3954.00 pg/mL [range, 2378.75-6113.50]; P=.013), and luteinizing hormone (2.52 IU/L [range, 1.40-4.21] vs 1.93 IU/L [range, 0.91-3.32]; P=.010) on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin trigger. There was no statistically significant difference observed in the number of oocytes and embryos, the rates of pregnancy and live birth, and the risks of obstetrical and neonatal between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: An early onset of menstrual disturbance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome may be associated with slightly more severe reproductive features and slightly milder metabolic features. Nonetheless, the outcomes of in vitro fertilization and the initial cycle of embryo transfer were comparable between the 2 groups.

14.
AJOG Glob Rep ; 4(2): 100334, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frozen embryo transfer resulted in a higher birthweight and an increased risk of macrosomia than fresh embryo transfer. However, the mechanism was still unclear. When the impact of frozen embryo transfer on fetal growth began was unknown. Crown-rump length at 11-13 weeks had been regarded as a good indicator of fetal growth in the first trimester and had been used for gestational age calculation in women with uncertain last menstrual periods. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between frozen embryo transfer and early fetal growth, particularly the crown-rump length, then fresh embryo transfer. The secondary objective was to investigate the potential correlation between crown-rump length and birthweight. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at the Reproductive Medical Center of Shandong University. A total of 4949 patients who obtained singleton pregnancy after frozen embryo transfer and 1793 patients who got singleton pregnancy after fresh embryo transfer between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2022 were included. The primary outcome was the crown-rump length measured via ultrasound at 11-13 weeks gestation. The secondary outcomes were perinatal outcomes, including birthweight and the risk of large for gestational age, small for gestational age, macrosomia, low birthweight, and premature delivery. Multivariable linear regression models were used to adjust for potential confounders of crown-rump length. RESULTS: A total of 6742 live singleton births after frozen embryo transfer or fresh embryo transfer were included in this study. In the univariable analysis, the frozen embryo transfer group had a larger crown-rump length (5.75±0.53 cm vs 5.57±0.48 cm, P<.001) and an increased risk of larger-than-expected crown-rump length (13.5% vs11.2%, P=.013) than the fresh embryo transfer group. After adjusting for confounders in multivariable linear regression models, frozen embryo transfer was still associated with a larger crown-rump length (regression coefficient, 3.809 [95% confidence intervals, 3.621-3.997], P<.001). When subgrouped by fetal gender, the crown-rump length of the frozen embryo transfer group was larger than the fresh embryo transfer group in both male and female fetuses. In addition, the crown-rump length was consistently larger in the frozen embryo transfer group than the fresh embryo transfer group in subgroups of the peak estradiol levels. The comparisons among different crown-rump length groups showed that smaller-than-expected crown-rump length was associated with increased risks of small for gestational age (6.3% vs 3.0%, P<.001) and preterm delivery (9.6% vs 6.7%, P=.004) than normal crown-rump length. CONCLUSION: Frozen embryo transfer was associated with a larger crown-rump length than fresh embryo transfer, suggesting that the effect of frozen embryo transfer on fetal growth may begin in the early trimester. Suboptimal fetal growth in the first trimester may be associated with low birthweight and premature delivery.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1361860, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585699

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) belong to a significant group of probiotic bacteria that provide hosts with considerable health benefits. Our previous study showed that pigs with abundant LAB had more robust immune responses in a vaccination experiment. In this study, 52 isolate strains were isolated from the pigs with superior immune responses. Out of these, 14 strains with higher antibacterial efficacy were chosen. We then assessed the probiotic features of the 14 LAB strains, including such as autoaggregation, coaggregation, acid resistance, bile salt resistance, and adhesion capability, as well as safety aspects such as antibiotic resistance, hemolytic activity, and the presence or absence of virulence factors. We also compared these properties with those of an opportunistic pathogen EB1 and two commercial probiotics (cLA and cLP). The results showed that most LAB isolates exhibited higher abilities of aggregation, acid and bile salt resistance, adhesion, and antibacterial activity than the two commercial probiotics. Out of the 14 strains, only LS1 and LS9 carried virulence genes and none had hemolytic activity. We selected three LAB strains (LA6, LR6 and LJ1) with superior probiotic properties and LS9 with a virulence gene for testing their safety in vivo. Strains EB1, cLA and cLP were also included as control bacteria. The results demonstrated that mice treated LAB did not exhibit any adverse effects on weight gain, organ index, blood immune cells, and ileum morphology, except for those treated with LS9 and EB1. Moreover, the antimicrobial effect of LR6 and LA6 strains was examined in vivo. The results indicated that these strains could mitigate the inflammatory response, reduce bacterial translocation, and alleviate liver, spleen, and ileum injury caused by Salmonella typhimurium infection. In addition, the LR6 treatment group showed better outcomes than the LA6 treatment group; treatment with LR6 substantially reduced the mortality rate in mice. The study results provide evidence of the probiotic properties of the LAB isolates, in particular LR6, and suggest that oral administration of LR6 could have valuable health-promoting benefits.

16.
J Vis Exp ; (205)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587395

RESUMO

This paper presents a novel and efficient method for certifying primary organs involved in secondary metabolite synthesis. As the most important secondary metabolite in Parispolyphylla var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand. -Mzt. (PPY), Paris saponin (PS) has a variety of pharmacological activities and PPY is in increasing demand. This study established leaf, rhizome, and stem-vascular-bundle 13C6-Glucose feeding and non-feeding four treatments to precisely certify the primary organs involved in Paris saponins VII (PS VII) synthesis. By combining liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), the 13C/12C ratios of leaf, rhizome, stem, and root in different treatments were quickly and accurately calculated, and four types of PS isotopic ion peak(M-) ratios were found: (M+1) -/M-, (M+2) -/M-, (M+3) -/M- and (M+4) -/M-. The results showed that the ratio of 13C/12C in the rhizomes of the stem-vascular-bundle and rhizome feeding treatments was significantly higher than that in the non-feeding treatment. Compared to the non-feeding treatment, the ratio of PS VII molecules (M+2) -/M- in the leaves increased significantly under leaf and stem-vascular-bundle feeding treatments. Simultaneously, compared to the non-feeding treatment, the ratio of PS VII molecules (M+2) -/M- in the leaves under rhizome treatment showed no significant difference. Furthermore, the ratio of PS VII molecules (M+2) -/M- in the stem, root, and rhizome showed no differences among the four treatments. Compared to the non-feeding treatment, the ratio of the Paris saponin II (PS II) molecule (M+2) -/M- in leaves under leaf feeding treatment showed no significant difference, and the (M+3) -/M- ratio of PS II molecules in leaves under leaf feeding treatment were lower. The data confirmed that the primary organ for the synthesizing of PS VII is the leaves. It lays the foundation for future identification of the primary organs and pathways involved in the synthesis of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants.


Assuntos
60705 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Folhas de Planta
17.
Redox Biol ; 72: 103147, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593632

RESUMO

Adaptive response to physiological oxygen levels (physO2; 5% O2) enables embryonic survival in a low-oxygen developmental environment. However, the mechanism underlying the role of physO2 in supporting preimplantation development, remains elusive. Here, we systematically studied oxygen responses of hallmark events in preimplantation development. Focusing on impeded transcriptional upregulation under atmospheric oxygen levels (atmosO2; 20% O2) during the 2-cell stage, we functionally identified a novel role of HIF-1α in promoting major zygotic genome activation by serving as an oxygen-sensitive transcription factor. Moreover, during blastocyst formation, atmosO2 impeded H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 deposition by deregulating histone-lysine methyltransferases, thus impairing X-chromosome inactivation in blastocysts. In addition, we found atmosO2 impedes metabolic shift to glycolysis before blastocyst formation, thus resulting a low-level histone lactylation deposition. Notably, we also reported an increased sex-dimorphic oxygen response of embryos upon preimplantation development. Together, focusing on genetic and epigenetic events that are essential for embryonic survival and development, the present study advances current knowledge of embryonic adaptive responses to physO2, and provides novel insight into mechanism underlying irreversibly impaired developmental potential due to a short-term atmosO2 exposure.

19.
Green Chem ; 26(7): 3698-3716, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571729

RESUMO

To reduce global CO2 emissions in line with EU targets, it is essential that we replace fossil-derived plastics with renewable alternatives. This provides an opportunity to develop novel plastics with improved design features, such as better reusability, recyclability, and environmental biodegradability. Although recycling and reuse of plastics is favoured, this relies heavily on the infrastructure of waste management, which is not consistently advanced on a worldwide scale. Furthermore, today's bulk polyolefin plastics are inherently unsuitable for closed-loop recycling, but the introduction of plastics with enhanced biodegradability could help to combat issues with plastic accumulation, especially for packaging applications. It is also important to recognise that plastics enter the environment through littering, even where the best waste-collection infrastructure is in place. This causes endless environmental accumulation when the plastics are non-(bio)degradable. Biodegradability depends heavily on circumstances; some biodegradable polymers degrade rapidly under tropical conditions in soil, but they may not also degrade at the bottom of the sea. Biodegradable polyesters are theoretically recyclable, and even if mechanical recycling is difficult, they can be broken down to their monomers by hydrolysis for subsequent purification and re-polymerisation. Additionally, both the physical properties and the biodegradability of polyesters are tuneable by varying their building blocks. The relationship between the (chemical) structures/compositions (aromatic, branched, linear, polar/apolar monomers; monomer chain length) and biodegradation/hydrolysis of polyesters is discussed here in the context of the design of biodegradable polyesters.

20.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578588

RESUMO

Culter alburnus is sensitive to stressors. Arginine is a precursor of nitric oxide, which can effectively relieve the level of oxidative stress and improve the antioxidant and immune capacity of fish. The effect of different arginine levels on topmouth culter (Culter alburnus) fry development performance, liver antioxidant capacity, and immune parameters were investigated in this study. Five diets (1.96%, ARG1, control group; 2.28%, ARG2; 2.52%, ARG3; 2.81%, ARG4; 3.09%, ARG5) were used to feed fry (initial weight 0.31 ± 0.01 g) for 8 weeks. The data showed that the final weight (FW), weight gain rate (WGR), and specific growth rate (SGR) of the ARG3 and ARG4 groups were significantly improved, while the feed conversion ratio (FCR) reduced significantly. Compared with the ARG1 group, all groups remarkably reduced the crude ash content of the whole body. The activity of hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the content of hepatic glutathione (GSH) were significantly increased in the ARG3 and ARG4 groups, while the malondialdehyde (MDA) content was significantly decreased. Compared with the ARG1 group, arginine levels in ARG2, ARG3, and ARG4 groups up-regulated the expression levels of Nrf2, down-regulated the gene expression level of Keap1 in the liver. And the expression of Nrf2/Keap1 pathway downstream genes Mn-SOD and CAT was up-regulated in ARG2 and ARG3 groups. Furthermore, the expression levels of MyD88 and IL-1ß were down-regulated, and the anti-inflammatory gene TGF-ß expression levels were up-regulated in the ARG2, ARG3, and ARG4 groups. Additionally, compared to the ARG1 group, there was a significant increase in the relative expression levels of the C3 and C4 genes in the ARG4 group. In conclusion, 2.28-2.81% dietary arginine levels improved the growth performance, promoted antioxidant capacity, and enhance immune response. The optimal level of arginine was determined by the quadratic regression analysis of SGR and FCR to be 2.55% of diet (5.43% of dietary protein) and 2.53% of diet (5.38% of dietary protein), accordingly.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...