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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589688

RESUMO

Lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG3), an immune checkpoint molecule expressed on activated T cells, functions as a negative regulator of immune responses. Persistent antigen exposure in the tumor microenvironment results in sustained LAG3 expression on T cells, contributing to T cell dysfunction. Fibrinogen-like protein 1 (FGL1) has been identified as a major ligand of LAG3, and FGL1/LAG3 interaction forms a novel immune checkpoint pathway that results in tumor immune evasion. In addition, ubiquitin-specific peptidase 7 (USP7) plays a crucial role in cancer development. In this study we investigated the role of USP7 in modulation of FGL1-mediated liver cancer immune evasion. We showed that knockdown of USP7 or treatment with USP7 inhibitor P5091 suppressed liver cancer growth by promoting CD8+ T cell activity in Hepa1-6 xenograft mice and in HepG2 or Huh7 cells co-cultured with T cells, whereas USP7 overexpression produced the opposite effect. We found that USP7 upregulated FGL1 in HepG2 and Huh7 cells by deubiquitination of transcriptional factor PR domain zinc finger protein 1 (PRDM1), which transcriptionally activated FGL1, and attenuated the CD8+ T cell activity, leading to the liver cancer growth. Interestingly, USP7 could be transcriptionally stimulated by PRDM1 as well in a positive feedback loop. P5091, an inhibitor of USP7, was able to downregulate FGL1 expression, thus enhancing CD8+ T cell activity. In an immunocompetent liver cancer mouse model, the dual blockade of USP7 and LAG3 resulted in a superior antitumor activity compared with anti-LAG3 therapy alone. We conclude that USP7 diminishes CD8+ T cell activity by a USP7/PRDM1 positive feedback loop on FGL1 production in liver cancer; USP7 might be a promising target for liver cancer immunotherapy.

2.
J Diabetes ; 16(4): e13549, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584275

RESUMO

AIMS: Management of blood glucose fluctuation is essential for diabetes. Exercise is a key therapeutic strategy for diabetes patients, although little is known about determinants of glycemic response to exercise training. We aimed to investigate the effect of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on blood glucose fluctuation in type 2 diabetes patients and explore the predictors of exercise-induced glycemic response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty sedentary diabetes patients were randomly assigned to control or exercise group. Participants in the control group maintained sedentary lifestyle for 2 weeks, and those in the exercise group specifically performed combined exercise training for 1 week. All participants received dietary guidance based on a recommended diet chart. Glycemic fluctuation was measured by flash continuous glucose monitoring. Baseline fat and muscle distribution were accurately quantified through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). RESULTS: Combined exercise training decreased SD of sensor glucose (SDSG, exercise-pre vs exercise-post, mean 1.35 vs 1.10 mmol/L, p = .006) and coefficient of variation (CV, mean 20.25 vs 17.20%, p = .027). No significant change was observed in the control group. Stepwise multiple linear regression showed that baseline MRI-quantified fat and muscle distribution, including visceral fat area (ß = -0.761, p = .001) and mid-thigh muscle area (ß = 0.450, p = .027), were significantly independent predictors of SDSG change in the exercise group, as well as CV change. CONCLUSIONS: Combined exercise training improved blood glucose fluctuation in diabetes patients. Baseline fat and muscle distribution were significant factors that influence glycemic response to exercise, providing new insights into personalized exercise intervention for diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37718, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579073

RESUMO

The interaction between CD40 and CD40 ligand (CD40L) a crucial co-stimulatory signal for activating adaptive immune cells, has a noteworthy role in atherosclerosis. It is well-known that atherosclerosis is linked to immune inflammation in blood vessels. In atherosclerotic lesions, there is a multitude of proinflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules, and collagen, as well as smooth muscle cells, macrophages, and T lymphocytes, particularly the binding of CD40 and CD40L. Therefore, research on inhibiting the CD40-CD40L system to prevent atherosclerosis has been ongoing for more than 30 years. However, it's essential to note that long-term direct suppression of CD40 or CD40L could potentially result in immunosuppression, emphasizing the critical role of the CD40-CD40L system in atherosclerosis. Thus, specifically targeting the CD40-CD40L interaction on particular cell types or their downstream signaling pathways may be a robust strategy for mitigating atherosclerosis, reducing potential side effects. This review aims to summarize the potential utility of the CD40-CD40L system as a viable therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Ligante de CD40 , Humanos , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Antígenos CD40/metabolismo , Antígenos CD40/uso terapêutico , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/metabolismo
4.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27239, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463778

RESUMO

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the second most common cause of vaginal infection globally after bacterial vaginosis (BV) and associated with adverse reproductive and obstetric outcomes, including preterm delivery, sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. Although effective control of VVC is achievable with the use of traditional treatment strategies (i.e., antifungals), the possibility of drug intolerance, treatment failure and recurrence, as well as the appearance of antifungal-resistant Candida species remain critical challenges. Therefore, alternative therapeutic strategies against VVC are urgently required. In recent years, an improved understanding of the dysbiotic vaginal microbiota (VMB) during VVC has prompted the consideration of administering -biotics to restore the balance of the VMB within the context of VVC prevention and treatment. Here, we aim to summarize the current evidence of the anti-Candida effects of probiotics, postbiotics and synbiotics and their potential use as an alternative/complementary therapy against VVC. Additionally, this review discusses advantages and challenges associated with the application of -biotics in VVC to provide guidance for their later use. We also review new developments in VVC therapy, i.e., vaginal microbiota transplantation (VMT) as an emerging live biotherapeutic therapy against VVC and discuss existing shortcomings associated with this nascent field, expecting to stimulate further investigations for introduction of new therapies against VVC.

5.
JHEP Rep ; 6(4): 101009, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455469

RESUMO

Background & Aims: The programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a major co-inhibitory checkpoint factor that controls T-cell activities in tumours. PD-L1 is expressed on immune cells and tumour cells. Whether tumour cell-expressed PD-L1 affects tumour cells in an immune cell-independent fashion remains largely elusive. In this study, we investigated the significance of tumour cell-expressed PD-L1 with a focus on downstream signals and changes in lipid metabolism. Methods: Immune-independent functions of PD-L1 in tumour growth were investigated in vitro and in immuno-deficient mice in vivo. The global influence of PD-L1 in targeted/untargeted lipidomic metabolites was studied by comprehensive mass spectrometry-based metabolomic analysis in liver cancer. Effects on lipid metabolism were confirmed by triglyceride and cholesterol assays as well as by Oil Red O staining in liver, pancreatic, breast, and oesophageal squamous cancer. Underlying mechanisms were investigated by real-time quantitative PCR, Western blot analysis, co-immunoprecipitation, pull-down assays, immunofluorescence staining, and RNA sequencing. Results: PD-L1 enhanced the accumulation of triglycerides, cholesterol, and lipid droplets in tumours. PD-L1 influenced targeted/untargeted lipidomic metabolites in hepatoma, including lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, and energy metabolism, suggesting that PD-L1 globally modulates the metabolic reprogramming of tumours. Mechanistically, PD-L1 activated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and/or integrin ß4 (ITGB4) by forming a complex of PD-L1/EGFR/ITGB4 in the cell membrane, prior to activating PI3K/mTOR/SREBP1c signalling, leading to reprogramming of lipid metabolism in tumours. Functionally, PD-L1-mediated lipid metabolism reprogramming supported the tumour growth in vitro and in vivo through EGFR and/or ITGB4 in an immune cell-independent manner. Conclusions: Our findings on lipogenesis and EGFR activation by tumour cell-expressed PD-L1 suggest that, in addition to its immunostimulatory effects, anti-PD-L1 may restrict lipid metabolism and EGFR/ITGB4 signalling in liver cancer therapy. Impact and implications: In this study, we present evidence that PD-L1 drives the reprogramming of lipid metabolism in tumours. PD-L1 forms a complex with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ITGB4, activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/SREBP1c signalling pathway and thereby contributing to lipid metabolism in cancer progression. Our findings offer novel insights into the mechanisms by which PD-L1 initiates the reprogramming of lipid metabolism in tumours. From a clinical perspective, the anti-PD-L1 antibody may alleviate resistance to the anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab and inhibit the reprogramming of lipid metabolism in tumours.

6.
BMC Med Imaging ; 24(1): 60, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional process for clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCA) diagnosis relies on invasive biopsy and may bring pain and complications. Radiomic features of magnetic resonance imaging MRI and methylation of the PRKY promoter were found to be associated with prostate cancer. METHODS: Fifty-four Patients who underwent prostate biopsy or photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) from 2022 to 2023 were selected for this study, and their clinical data, blood samples and MRI images were obtained before the operation. Methylation level of two PRKY promoter sites, cg05618150 and cg05163709, were tested through bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). The PI-RADS score of each patient was estimated and the region of interest (ROI) was delineated by 2 experienced radiologists. After being extracted by a plug-in of 3D-slicer, radiomic features were selected through LASSCO regression and t-test. Selected radiomic features, methylation levels and clinical data were used for model construction through the random forest (RF) algorithm, and the predictive efficiency was analyzed by the area under the receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). RESULTS: Methylation level of the site, cg05618150, was observed to be associated with prostate cancer, for which the AUC was 0.74. The AUC of T2WI in csPCA prediction was 0.84, which was higher than that of the apparent diffusion coefficient ADC (AUC = 0.81). The model combined with T2WI and clinical data reached an AUC of 0.94. The AUC of the T2WI-clinic-methylation-combined model was 0.97, which was greater than that of the model combined with the PI-RADS score, clinical data and PRKY promoter methylation levels (AUC = 0.86). CONCLUSIONS: The model combining with radiomic features, clinical data and PRKY promoter methylation levels based on machine learning had high predictive efficiency in csPCA diagnosis.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Aprendizado de Máquina , Metilação , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 1025-1038, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525068

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Elevated eosinophils typically indicate hypersensitive inflammation; however, their involvement in cardiovascular events remains incompletely understood. We investigated the association between the absolute eosinophil count (AEC) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Additionally, we determine whether the integration of AEC with the SYNTAX II score could improve predictive ability. Methods and Results: The AECs of 1711 patients with ACS undergoing PCI from June 2016 to November 2017 were analyzed on admission. All recruitments were splitted into three groups based on AEC tertiles and 101 participants underwent one or more noteworthy outcomings. The association between AEC and MACCEs (defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction [MI], and stroke) was tested by Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis. After adjusting for confounders, AEC was independently associated with MACCEs (HR 11.555, 95% CI: 3.318-40.239). Patients in the lowest AEC tertile (T1) as a reference, those in the higher tertiles had an incrementally higher risk of MACCEs (T3: HR 1.848 95% CI: 1.157-2.952; P for trend=0.008). Inclusion of AEC enhanced the predictive accuracy of the SYNTAX II score for MACCEs (AUC: from 0.701 [95% CI: 0.646-0.756] to 0.728 [95% CI: 0.677-0.780]; DeLong's test, P = 0.020). Conclusion: AEC is independently linked to MACCEs in ACS patients who underwent PCI, and adds incremental predictive information to the SYNTAX II score.

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118069, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552992

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Dioscorea, a member of the Dioscoreaceae family, comprises approximately 600 species and is widely distributed across temperate and tropical regions such as Asia, South Africa, and North America. The traditional medicinal uses of Dioscorea have been documented in Asian and African pharmacological systems. In Asia, this genus is traditionally used to treat respiratory illnesses, rheumatism, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, and other conditions. In Africa, this genus has been used to treat human immunodeficiency virus and ring worms. However, the traditional medicinal practices in North America rarely mention the use of this genus. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this review is to comprehensively review the genus Dioscorea, focusing on its traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and potential toxicities. The research also aims to highlight the valuable bioactive compounds within Dioscorea and emphasize the need for further investigations into acute and chronic toxicity, activity mechanisms, molecular markers, and other relevant factors to contribute to the discovery of novel pharmaceuticals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search for available information on Dioscorea was conducted using scientific databases, including PubMed, ISI-WOS, Scopus, and Google Scholar, as well as recent academic publications from reputable publishers and other literature sources. The search was not limited by language and spanned the literature published between 1950 and 2022. RESULTS: This article provides a comprehensive review of the Dioscorea genus, focusing on its traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and potential toxicities. Extensive research has been conducted on this genus, resulting in the isolation and examination of over 1000 compounds, including steroids, terpenoids, and flavonoids, to determine their biological activities. These activities include anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, neuroprotective, hypoglycemic, and hypolipidemic effects. However, some studies have indicated the potential toxicity of high doses of Dioscorea, highlighting the need for further investigations to assess the safety of this genus. Additionally, this review explores potential avenues for future research and discusses the challenges associated with a comprehensive understanding of the Dioscorea genus. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the existing literature, it can be concluded that Dioscorea is a valuable source of bioactive compounds that have the potential to treat various disorders. Future research should prioritize the investigation of acute and chronic toxicity, activity mechanisms, molecular markers, and other relevant factors. This review provides a comprehensive analysis of the Dioscorea genus, emphasizing its potential to enable a deeper exploration of the biological activity mechanisms of these plants and contribute to the discovery of novel pharmaceuticals.

9.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 56, 2024 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491381

RESUMO

One of the major hurdles that has hindered the success of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies against solid tumors is on-target off-tumor (OTOT) toxicity due to sharing of the same epitopes on normal tissues. To elevate the safety profile of CAR-T cells, an affinity/avidity fine-tuned CAR was designed enabling CAR-T cell activation only in the presence of a highly expressed tumor associated antigen (TAA) but not when recognizing the same antigen at a physiological level on healthy cells. Using direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM) which provides single-molecule resolution, and flow cytometry, we identified high carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) density on clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patient samples and low-density expression on healthy bile duct tissues. A Tet-On doxycycline-inducible CAIX expressing cell line was established to mimic various CAIX densities, providing coverage from CAIX-high skrc-59 tumor cells to CAIX-low MMNK-1 cholangiocytes. Assessing the killing of CAR-T cells, we demonstrated that low-affinity/high-avidity fine-tuned G9 CAR-T has a wider therapeutic window compared to high-affinity/high-avidity G250 that was used in the first anti-CAIX CAR-T clinical trial but displayed serious OTOT effects. To assess the therapeutic effect of G9 on patient samples, we generated ccRCC patient derived organotypic tumor spheroid (PDOTS) ex vivo cultures and demonstrated that G9 CAR-T cells exhibited superior efficacy, migration and cytokine release in these miniature tumors. Moreover, in an RCC orthotopic mouse model, G9 CAR-T cells showed enhanced tumor control compared to G250. In summary, G9 has successfully mitigated OTOT side effects and in doing so has made CAIX a druggable immunotherapeutic target.


Assuntos
Anidrases Carbônicas , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Anidrase Carbônica IX/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Anticorpos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
10.
Clin Epigenetics ; 16(1): 37, 2024 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recently identified methylation patterns specific to cell type allows the tracing of cell death dynamics at the cellular level in health and diseases. This study used COVID-19 as a disease model to investigate the efficacy of cell-specific cell-free DNA (cfDNA) methylation markers in reflecting or predicting disease severity or outcome. METHODS: Whole genome methylation sequencing of cfDNA was performed for 20 healthy individuals, 20 cases with non-hospitalized COVID-19 and 12 cases with severe COVID-19 admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and gene ontology pathway enrichment analyses were performed to explore the locus-specific methylation difference between cohorts. The proportion of cfDNA derived from lung and immune cells to a given sample (i.e. tissue fraction) at cell-type resolution was estimated using a novel algorithm, which reflects lung injuries and immune response in COVID-19 patients and was further used to evaluate clinical severity and patient outcome. RESULTS: COVID­19 patients had globally reduced cfDNA methylation level compared with healthy controls. Compared with non-hospitalized COVID-19 patients, the cfDNA methylation pattern was significantly altered in severe patients with the identification of 11,156 DMRs, which were mainly enriched in pathways related to immune response. Markedly elevated levels of cfDNA derived from lung and more specifically alveolar epithelial cells, bronchial epithelial cells, and lung endothelial cells were observed in COVID-19 patients compared with healthy controls. Compared with non-hospitalized patients or healthy controls, severe COVID-19 had significantly higher cfDNA derived from B cells, T cells and granulocytes and lower cfDNA from natural killer cells. Moreover, cfDNA derived from alveolar epithelial cells had the optimal performance to differentiate COVID-19 with different severities, lung injury levels, SOFA scores and in-hospital deaths, with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.958, 0.941, 0.919 and 0.955, respectively. CONCLUSION: Severe COVID-19 has a distinct cfDNA methylation signature compared with non-hospitalized COVID-19 and healthy controls. Cell type-specific cfDNA methylation signature enables the tracing of COVID-19 related cell deaths in lung and immune cells at cell-type resolution, which is correlated with clinical severities and outcomes, and has extensive application prospects to evaluate tissue injuries in diseases with multi-organ dysfunction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Humanos , Metilação de DNA , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Células Endoteliais , COVID-19/genética , Curva ROC
11.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439213

RESUMO

We present a palmoplantar pustulosis case partially resistant to systemic IL-17A inhibitor (ixekizumab) treatment, and then receiving a local injection of 0.1 mL micro-dose (1 mg) IL-23 inhibitor (guselkumab) every 4 weeks for four times. The paradoxical lesion disappeared rapidly following local injection and there was no recurrence after 8 weeks of drug withdrawal. This is the first clinical report on the treatment of palmoplantar pustulosis by local injection of micro-dose guselkumab.

12.
J Environ Manage ; 354: 120362, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364543

RESUMO

In order to tackle the environmental problems induced by Portland cement production and industrial solid wastes landfilling, this study aims to develop novel ternary cementless fly ash-based geopolymer by recycling red mud and blast furnace slag industrial solid wastes. The fresh-state properties, mechanical strength, water permeability, phase assemblage and microstructure were systematically investigated to evaluate the performance variation and reveal the hydration mechanism for geopolymers with different mixing proportions. The results showed that a higher slag content or a lower red mud content could result in the higher fluidity and shorter setting time for fresh mixture. The existence of slag promoted the transformation of N-A-S-H to C-A-S-H gel, which contributed to higher compressive strength and better resistance to water penetration. However, an excessive incorporation of 30% red mud may impede the generation of N-A-S-H gel and form more flocculent-like loose hydrates, thus to mildly degrade the mechanical strength and anti-permeability. The synergetic utilization of red much and blast furnace slag in fly ash-based geopolymer led to much less CO2 emission compared with the condition that red much or slag was singly added, which demonstrated prominent environmental advantages for such kind of ternary cementless geopolymer with equivalent mechanical strength.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Resíduos Sólidos , Cinza de Carvão/química , Carbono/química , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Água
13.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 68(4): e2200771, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356045

RESUMO

SCOPE: Early diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by chronic inflammation, excessive oxidative stress, and retinal microvascular damage. Syringaresinol (SYR), as a natural polyphenolic compound, has been proved to inhibit many disease progression due to its antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study focuses on exploring the effect of SYR on hyperglycemia-induced early DR as well as the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type (WT) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-knockout C57BL/6 mice of type 1 diabetes and high glucose (HG)-induced RF/6A cells are used as in vivo and in vitro models, respectively. This study finds that SYR protects the retinal structure and function in diabetic mice and reduces the permeability and apoptosis of HG-treated RF/6A cells. Meanwhile, SYR distinctly mitigates inflammation and oxidative stress in vivo and vitro. The retinal microvascular damages are suppressed by SYR via downregulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. Whereas, SYR-provided protective effects are diminished in Nrf2-knockout mice, indicating that SYR improves DR progression by activating Nrf2. Similarly, SYR cannot exert protective effects against HG-induced oxidative stress and endothelial injury in small interfering RNA (siRNA)-Nrf2-transfected RF/6A cells. CONCLUSION: In summary, SYR suppresses oxidative stress via activating Nrf2 antioxidant pathway, which ameliorates retinal microvascular damage by downregulating HIF-1α/VEGF, thereby alleviating early DR progression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Retinopatia Diabética , Furanos , Lignanas , Camundongos , Animais , Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo
14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111716, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy of anti-IL (interleukin)-17A biological agents in palmoplantar psoriasis (PP) and palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) are not well established. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of different dosage regimens of anti-IL-17A biological agents compared with placebo in PP and PPP. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, clinicaltrials.gov, and Embase. Meta-analysis was performed for all outcomes of randomized controlled trials, while network meta-analysis was only performed for the primary outcome. RESULTS: In total, 21 articles exploring the efficacy of 5 treatment options were included, 4 cohort studies were also reviewed. Meta-analysis demonstrated a statistically significant difference favoring anti-IL-17A biological agents versus placebo (OR = 6.84, 95 %[CI] [5.34, 8.76]). On-label secukinumab was identified as the most effective treatment option for patients with PP (OR = 33.50, 95 %[CI] [4.37,256.86]). PPP treated with secukinumab 300 mg showed benefit in terms of PPPASI 75 responses over 52 weeks. CONCLUSION: IL-17A biological agents had better PP disease clearance compared with placebo and on-label secukinumab was identified as the most effective treatment option for PP patients. Secukinumab 300 mg showed benefit for PPP patients.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Psoríase , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Doença Crônica
16.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 200: 116094, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335638

RESUMO

Optimizing nanoplastics (NPs) removal performance of rapid sand filter (RSF) in water treatment plants is significant for NP pollution prevention and remediation. This study investigated the application prospect of natural granular manganese sand, zeolite and limestone in RSF for NP removal through column experiments. Pristine, amino-modified, and carboxyl-modified polystyrene NPs (100 nm) were selected as experimental subjects. Quartz sand filter showed negligible NP removal, zeolite and manganese sand showed no obvious optimization on NP filtration. Limestone amended RSF significantly enhanced the removal of three NPs, the removal efficiency increased with decreasing size and increasing limestone grains dosage. The excellent performance of limestone was attributed to its special physicochemical properties in terms of synthetical action of electrostatic interaction, cationic bridging and especially the surface roughness morphology, and the mechanisms overcame the influence of functional groups of NPs. The results indicate the prospective applications of granular limestone in RSF for NP filtration.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Zeolitas , Humanos , Poliestirenos , Microplásticos , Manganês , Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Filtração , Purificação da Água/métodos
17.
Biomark Res ; 12(1): 21, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321558

RESUMO

Transcription factor BTB domain and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) belongs to the Cap 'n' Collar and basic region Leucine Zipper (CNC-bZIP) family. BACH1 is widely expressed in mammalian tissues, where it regulates epigenetic modifications, heme homeostasis, and oxidative stress. Additionally, it is involved in immune system development. More importantly, BACH1 is highly expressed in and plays a key role in numerous malignant tumors, affecting cellular metabolism, tumor invasion and metastasis, proliferation, different cell death pathways, drug resistance, and the tumor microenvironment. However, few articles systematically summarized the roles of BACH1 in cancer. This review aims to highlight the research status of BACH1 in malignant tumor behaviors, and summarize its role in immune regulation in cancer. Moreover, this review focuses on the potential of BACH1 as a novel therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker. Notably, the mechanisms underlying the roles of BACH1 in ferroptosis, oxidative stress and tumor microenvironment remain to be explored. BACH1 has a dual impact on cancer, which affects the accuracy and efficiency of targeted drug delivery. Finally, the promising directions of future BACH1 research are prospected. A systematical and clear understanding of BACH1 would undoubtedly take us one step closer to facilitating its translation from basic research into the clinic.

18.
iScience ; 27(2): 108879, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327771

RESUMO

One of the major barriers that have restricted successful use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells in the treatment of solid tumors is an unfavorable tumor microenvironment (TME). We engineered CAR-T cells targeting carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) to secrete anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb), termed immune-restoring (IR) CAR G36-PDL1. We tested CAR-T cells in a humanized clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) orthotopic mouse model with reconstituted human leukocyte antigen (HLA) partially matched human leukocytes derived from fetal CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and bearing human ccRCC skrc-59 cells under the kidney capsule. G36-PDL1 CAR-T cells, haploidentical to the tumor cells, had a potent antitumor effect compared to those without immune-restoring effect. Analysis of the TME revealed that G36-PDL1 CAR-T cells restored active antitumor immunity by promoting tumor-killing cytotoxicity, reducing immunosuppressive cell components such as M2 macrophages and exhausted CD8+ T cells, and enhancing T follicular helper (Tfh)-B cell crosstalk.

19.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 67, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331879

RESUMO

The sex-determining region Y (SRY)-related high-mobility group (HMG) box (SOX) family, composed of 20 transcription factors, is a conserved family with a highly homologous HMG domain. Due to their crucial role in determining cell fate, the dysregulation of SOX family members is closely associated with tumorigenesis, including tumor invasion, metastasis, proliferation, apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stemness and drug resistance. Despite considerable research to investigate the mechanisms and functions of the SOX family, confusion remains regarding aspects such as the role of the SOX family in tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) and contradictory impacts the SOX family exerts on tumors. This review summarizes the physiological function of the SOX family and their multiple roles in tumors, with a focus on the relationship between the SOX family and TIME, aiming to propose their potential role in cancer and promising methods for treatment.

20.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 187, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endostar, an anti-angiogenic drug, has been approved for treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). At present, endostar combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy has achieved ideal results in the treatment of some tumors, but there is a lack of application and study in NSCLC. This study investigated the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of endostar combined with cisplatin (EC) in NSCLC. METHODS: HE staining, TUNEL staining, immunofluorescence, colony formation ability, and cell migration ability were used to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of EC. The expressions of FMOD, VEGF, FGF-2, and PDGF-B were detected by western blotting and qPCR. The target of combination therapy was analyzed by m6A sequencing and RNA sequencing. METTL3 knockdown and overexpressed A549 cells were constructed and co-cultured with HUVECs to further evaluate the effect of METLL3 on combination therapy. RESULTS: Combination therapy significantly reduced the colony formation and migration ability of NSCLC cells, induced cell apoptosis, and inhibited the tube formation ability of HUVECs. The results of m6A sequencing and RNA sequencing showed that the EC could down-regulate the expression level of FMOD in tumor tissues, which might be related to the reduction of its m6A methylation modification regulatory enzyme METTL3. Restricting FMOD expression could reduce the expression of FGF2, TGF-ß1, VEGF and PDGF-B. Moreover, overexpression of METTLE almost abolished the anti-tumor effect of EC and promoted angiogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Endostar combined with cisplatin might exert anti-tumor effects by down-regulating the expression of METTL3 and FMOD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Endostatinas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas Recombinantes , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Multiômica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metiltransferases/genética
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