Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.117
Filtrar
1.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 420-434, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608116

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is an important zoonotic parasitic disease worldwide and is principally caused by ingesting animal meat containing Trichinella infective larvae. Aspartyl aminopeptidase is an intracytoplasmic metalloproteinase that specifically hydrolyzes the N-terminus of polypeptides free of acidic amino acids (aspartic acid and glutamate), and plays an important role in the metabolism, growth and development of organisms. In this study, a novel T. spiralis aspartyl aminopeptidase (TsAAP) was cloned and expressed, and its biological properties and roles in worm growth and development were investigated. The results revealed that TsAAP transcription and expression in diverse T. spiralis stages were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, and primarily localized at cuticle, stichosome and intrauterine embryos of this nematode by immunofluorescence test. rTsAAP has the enzymatic activity of native AAP to hydrolyze the substrate H-Glu-pNA. There was a specific binding between rTsAAP and murine erythrocyte, and the binding site was localized in erythrocyte membrane proteins. Silencing of TsAAP gene by specific dsRNA significantly reduced the TsAAP expression, enzymatic activity, intestinal worm burdens and female fecundity. The results demonstrated that TsAAP participates in the growth, development and fecundity of T. spiralis and it might be a potential target molecule for anti-Trichinella vaccines.

2.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118219, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626917

RESUMO

Neonicotinoids pollution poses a serious threat to aquatic ecosystems. However, there is currently little knowledge about how neonicotinoids are transferred from the agricultural environment to the aquatic environment. Here, we conducted in situ high-frequency monitoring of neonicotinoids in soil-water systems along the hydrological flow path during rainfall to explore the horizontal and vertical transport mechanisms of neonicotinoids. The collected samples included 240 surface runoff, 128 subsurface runoff, 60 eroded sediment, 120 soil and 144 soil solution, which were used to analyse neonicotinoids concentrations. Surface runoff, subsurface runoff and eroded sediment were the three main paths for the horizontal migration of neonicotinoids. In the CK (citrus orchards without grass cover) and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are 15.89% and 2.29% of the applied neonicotinoids were transported with surface runoff, respectively. While in the CK and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are only 1.23% and 0.19% of the applied neonicotinoids were transported with eroded sediment and subsurface runoff. Although the amount of neonicotinoids lost along with eroded sediment was small, the concentration of neonicotinoids in eroded sediment was two orders of magnitude higher than the concentration of neonicotinoids in sediments of the surface water. Meanwhile, neonicotinoids migrated vertically in soil due to water infiltration. In the CK and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are 57.64% and 24.36% of the applied neonicotinoids were retained in soil and soil solution, respectively, and their concentration decreased as soil depth increased. Another noteworthy phenomenon is that more neonicotinoids migrated to deeper soil layers under grass cover compared with no grass cover because grass roots promoted the formation of cracks and vertical preferential flow. Our results are expected to improve the accuracy of neonicotinoids pollution prediction by considering migration paths, including surface and subsurface runoff and eroded sediment.

3.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 644-649, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619842

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization. Methods: Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results: There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR (HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM (HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS (HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS (HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion: Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1123-1128, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619931

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway in the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) induced by cadmium. Methods: HBMSCs were divided into 0, 2.5 or 5.0 µmol/L groups according to the exposure dose of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), and each group was treated for 1 day, 4 days and (or) 7 days. The ALP activity and mRNA and protein expression levels of osteogenesis markers (ALP, RUNX2 and OSTERIX), autophagy-related proteins (LC3 and Beclin-1) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR and p-p70S6K) expression, alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining were detected. MHY 1485 was selected as the signaling pathway activator. The control group, CdCl2 group (5.0 µmol/L), MHY 1485 group and CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group were set. After 7 days of treatment, the expression levels of autophagy related proteins and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins of hBMSCs in each group were detected. Results: There was no significant difference in ALP activity between 0, 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups on day 1 and 4 (P>0.05); On day 7, compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the ALP activity, expression of osteogenic markers (ALP, RUNX2, OSTERIX) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR, p-p70S6K) expression decreased in the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L group (P<0.05). Compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the staining of the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups became lighter, and the formation of ALP and mineralized nodules was reduced. Compared with the CdCl2 group, the autophagy related protein expression in the CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group decreased, and the mTOR signaling pathway related protein expression increased. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs by cadmium may be related to autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Autofagia , Cádmio , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
5.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(10): 873-879, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565113

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of daytime hypercapnia on logical memory and working memory in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: This prospective study recruited patients complaining of snoring and diagnosed with OSAHS at the Sleep Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January to November 2020. Patients were assessed clinically and scored for their memory function. All patients underwent daytime transcutaneous carbon dioxide (PtcCO2) test, and overnight polysomnography (PSG). Logical memory was scored using the Logical Memory Test (LMT), while working memory was evaluated by Digit Span Test (DST) and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) which included Pattern Recognition Memory (PRM), Spatial Span (SSP), and Spatial Working Memory (SWM). Patients were divided into the normocapnic group and the hypercapnic group using the daytime PtcCO2 test. The clinical and PSG parameters and the memory test scores between the two groups were compared. Binary logistic stepwise regression was conducted to identify risk factors of memory impairment in OSAHS patients. Results: Among the 123 enrolled OSAHS patients, 79 were normocapnic and 44 were hypercapnic. There was no significant difference in the general clinical parameters between the two groups. The snoring history in years in the hypercapnic group was longer than that in the normocapnic group (P<0.05). Compared with the normocapnic group, the apnea-hyponea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI) and percentage of total sleep time with oxygen saturation level<90% (TS90) of the hypercapnic group were higher (all P<0.05), while other PSG parameters exhibited no statistically significant differences. There was no statistically significant difference in the immediate logical memory and PRM immediate accuracy rate between the two groups, while the delayed logical memory, verbal and spatial working memory, and executive function were worse in the hypercapnic group, as shown by lower total LMT scores, lower DST, lower SSP scores (all P<0.05), and higher between errors and strategy scores (P<0.01) of SWM in the hypercapnic group. Binary logistic stepwise regression showed that PtcCO2 ≥45 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, OR=3.055, 95%CI 1.359-6.868, P=0.007) and higher body mass index (BMI) (OR=1.132, 95%CI 1.005-1.275, P=0.041) were risk factors for poor performance in Digit Span Backwards Test. Therefore, PtcCO2 ≥45 mmHg was an independent risk factors for poor performance in delayed LMT, SSP, and between errors and strategy scores in SWM (OR=3.109, 3.941, 3.238 and 2.785, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusion: Hypercapnia had negative impacts on logical memory and working memory of OSAHS patients, especially on the delayed logical memory, verbal working memory and spatial working memory impairment.


Assuntos
Hipercapnia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Memória de Curto Prazo , Polissonografia , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a promising technology, photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) plays a critical role in diagnosis and assessment of dermatological conditions by providing subtle vascular networks non-invasively. However, the established PAMs are insufficient for clinical dermatology when faced with complex structures of human skin instead of animal models owing to high melanin content and superimposed vasculature for Asians, which cannot balance the spatial resolution and the imaging depth. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of bifocal 532/1064-nm alternately illuminated photoacoustic microscopy (BF-PAM) to non-invasively reveal the morphological structure of human skin for improving the diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy of skin diseases. METHODS: A BF-PAM was developed to capture biopsy-like information of human skin from epidermis to hypodermis. The optical foci of the two excitation beams are staggered in the axial direction to form an extended depth-of-field, which can maintain the lateral resolution and the contrast of PA image. RESULTS: The imaging capability of the BF-PAM was demonstrated by depicting the vascular morphology of multilayered skin with imaging depth of ˜3 mm. Furtherly, vascular malformations in port-wine stains skin were quantitatively assessed without the need for any contrast agent, and the distribution, depth and diameter of the ectatic vessels can determine an optimal treatment protocol for port-wine stains lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative vascular morphology in the dermis can be used to accurately assess vascular characteristics, in which case it enables clinicians to determine optimum treatment parameters in individual patients. As a non-invasive imaging technique, BF-PAM holds great potential to provide objective assessment to enhance the therapeutic efficacy. ETHICAL STATEMENT: The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in 2013). The study was approved by the Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials (ChiECRCT20200184) and registered with Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000034400). Before skin imaging, written informed consent was taken from all individual participants.

8.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 346-352, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the population dynamics and Echinococcus infections in small rodents around human settlement in Yushu City, Qinghai Province. METHODS: Rodents were captured using the mouse trap method in pastures from Batang Township and Longbao Township of Yushu City, Qinghai Province on May, August and October, 2018. The body weight and snout-vent length of all captured rodents were measured, and the species was identified according to the rodent morphology. Genomic DNA was extracted from rodent liver specimens and lesion specimens, and the mitochondrial cox1 gene of Echinococcus was amplified using PCR assay for identification of parasite species. In addition, the tissue specimens positive for PCR assay were sampled for pathological examinations. The prevalence of Echinococcus infections was estimated in rodents, and a phylogenetic tree was created based on Echinococcus cox1 gene sequences. RESULTS: A total of 285 small rodents were captured, including 143 Ochotona curzoniae (50.2%), 141 Lasiopodomys fuscus (49.5%), and 1 Neodon irene (0.3%), and there was a remarkable variation in habitat selection among these three rodent species. The number of L. fuscus correlated positively with vegetation coverage (r = 0.350, P = 0.264), with the greatest number seen in August, and the number of O. curzoniae negatively with vegetation coverage (r = -0.371, P = 0.235), with the highest number seen in August and the lowest number in May. The female/male ratios of O. curzoniae and voles were 1:0.96 and 0.82:1, respectively. The body weight (r = 0.519, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = 0.578, P < 0.01) of O. curzoniae showed a tendency towards a rise with month, while the body weight (r = -0.401, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = -0.570, P < 0.01) of voles presented a tendency towards a reduction with month. No Echinococcus infection was detected in voles, while 2.1% prevalence of E. shiquicus infection was seen in O. curzoniae. Phylogenetic analysis revealed consistent sequences of cox1 gene from E. shiquicus in Yushu City of Qinghai Province and Shiqu County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province. CONCLUSIONS: The small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City of Qinghai Province mainly include O. curzoniae and L. fuscus, with the greatest numbers seen in May and August, respectively. Following the concerted efforts for echinococcosis control, the prevalence of Echinococcus infections is low in small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City; however, there is still a risk of echinococcosis transmission.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Echinococcus/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Filogenia , Dinâmica Populacional , Roedores
9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 430-433, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505455

RESUMO

Imaging and serological approaches play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis; however, they also suffer from some problems during their applications in clinical practices, which urges the identification of potential diagnostic markers. Novel serological, genomics and proteomics diagnostic markers alone or in combination may increase the sensitivity and specificity in early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis, which play vital roles in monitoring of disease courses and prognostic evaluation. This review mainly presents the advances in the studies on novel diagnostic markers for alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2698-2702, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510876

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of the radical resection with a proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm and 30-35 mm in Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma, to shorten the minimum safe distance of the proximal incisal edge to 20-25 mm. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used. The clinical data of 166 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma who underwent total gastrectomy from January 2017 to August 2020 in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Heji Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College were retrospectively collected. According to the proximal incisal edge length, the patients were divided into two groups: the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group (69 cases) and 30-35 mm group (97 cases). The perioperative conditions and the 6-month follow-up after the operation were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in baseline information between the patients in the two groups (P>0.05). The operations of both groups were completed. The intraoperative operation time of the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group was shorter than that in the proximal incisal edge length of 30-35 mm group ((172±24)and(206±27)min, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the amount of intraoperative blood loss, the treatment of the diaphragm during the operation and the positive rate of intraoperative freezing of the upper incisal edge between the patients in the two groups (all P>0.05). And there was no significant differences in the first exhaust time, gastric tube removal time, first feeding time and hospital stay after the operation of the two groups (all P>0.05). There was no significant differences in the incidence of anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stenosis, reflux esophagitis and intestinal obstruction after the operation between the patients in the two groups (all P>0.05). And there was no anastomotic leakage case among the 69 cases in the proximal incisal edge length of 20-25 mm group. Postoperative pathological treatment showed no significant differences in the vascular tumor thrombus and nerve infiltration between the two groups (both P>0.05). During the 6-month follow-up, there was no death or tumor recurrence in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in body weight loss at 6 months after the operation between the two groups (P=0.178). Conclusion: When radical resection of Siewert type Ⅱ advanced esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma is performed, it is feasible to shorten the minimum safe distance of the proximal incisal edge to 20-25 mm under the premise of ensuring R0 resection. The operation time is shortened. Due to the shortening the incisal edge distance, the anastomotic tension is decreased, and the incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage is also reduced.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
11.
Comput Biol Med ; 137: 104812, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507158

RESUMO

In recent years, vast developments in Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) for skin diseases have generated much interest from clinicians and other eventual end-users of this technology. Introducing clinical domain knowledge to these machine learning strategies can help dispel the black box nature of these tools, strengthening clinician trust. Clinical domain knowledge also provides new information channels which can improve CAD diagnostic performance. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for malignant melanoma (MM) detection by fusing clinical images and dermoscopic images. The proposed method combines a multi-labeled deep feature extractor and clinically constrained classifier chain (CC). This allows the 7-point checklist, a clinician diagnostic algorithm, to be included in the decision level while maintaining the clinical importance of the major and minor criteria in the checklist. Our proposed framework achieved an average accuracy of 81.3% for detecting all criteria and melanoma when testing on a publicly available 7-point checklist dataset. This is the highest reported results, outperforming state-of-the-art methods in the literature by 6.4% or more. Analyses also show that the proposed system surpasses the single modality system of using either clinical images or dermoscopic images alone and the systems without adopting the approach of multi-label and clinically constrained classifier chain. Our carefully designed system demonstrates a substantial improvement over melanoma detection. By keeping the familiar major and minor criteria of the 7-point checklist and their corresponding weights, the proposed system may be more accepted by physicians as a human-interpretable CAD tool for automated melanoma detection.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Dermatopatias , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Dermoscopia , Diagnóstico por Computador , Humanos , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591984

RESUMO

Rubia plants are one of the most important plant resources possessing significant commercial and medicinal values. Plant endophytes could benefit their host plants in different ways. Rubiaceae-type cyclopeptides (RAs), mainly isolated from Rubia plants, have attracted considerable attentions for their distinctive bicyclic structures and significant antitumor activities, but their contents in plants are low. The aim of this study is to investigate the diversity of endophytic fungi in Rubia plants and their potential for production of RAs. In this work, 143 endophytic fungi isolates were obtained from two Rubia plants. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the ITS rDNA sequences, and the isolates were classified into 29 genera. Among them, four endophytic fungal strains were found to produce anti-tumour RAs by LC-MS/MS analysis. This work successfully provides valuable knowledges of endophytic fungi microbiome in Rubia plants for agricultural and industrial applications, and exploits a new environmental-friendly resource of RAs.

13.
ESMO Open ; 6(5): 100269, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A favorable model for predicting disease-free survival (DFS) and stratifying prognostic risk in breast cancer (BC) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is lacking. The aim of the current study was to formulate an excellent model specially for predicting prognosis in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2015, 749 early-stage BC patients who received NAC in Xijing hospital were included. Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (n = 563) and an independent cohort (n = 186). A prognostic model was created and subsequently validated. Predictive performance and discrimination were further measured and compared with other models. RESULTS: Clinical American Joint Committee on Cancer stage, grade, estrogen receptor expression, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status and treatment, Ki-67 expression, lymphovascular invasion, and residual cancer burden were identified as independent prognostic variables for BC treated with NAC. The C-index of the model consistently outperformed other available models as well as single independent factors with 0.78, 0.80, 0.75, 0.82, and 0.77 in the training cohort, independent cohort, luminal BC, HER2-positive BC, and triple-negative BC, respectively. With the optimal cut-off values (280 and 360) selected by X-tile, patients were categorized as low-risk (total points ≤280), moderate-risk (280 < total points ≤ 360), and high-risk (total points >360) groups presenting significantly different 5-year DFS of 89.9%, 56.9%, and 27.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with BC, the first model including residual cancer burden index was demonstrated to predict the survival of individuals with favorable performance and discrimination. Furthermore, the risk stratification generated by it could determine the risk level of recurrence in whole early-stage BC cohort and subtype-specific cohorts, help tailor personalized intensive treatment, and select comparable study cohort in clinical trials.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536273

RESUMO

Vascularization is an important early indicator of osteogenesis involving biomaterials. Bone repair and new bone formation are associated with extensive neovascularization. Silicon-based biomaterials have attracted widespread attention due to their rapid vascularization. Although calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is a mature substitute for bone, the application of CPC is limited by its slow degradation and insufficient promotion of neovascularization. Calcium silicate (CS) has been shown to stimulate vascular endothelial proliferation. Thus, CS may be added to CPC (CPC-CS) to improve the biocompatibility and neovascularization of CPC. In the early phase of bone repair (the inflammatory phase), macrophages accumulate around the biomaterial and exert both anti- and pro-inflammatory effects. However, the effect of CPC-CS on macrophage polarization is not known, and it is not clear whether the effect on neovascularization is mediated through macrophage polarization. In the present study, we explored whether silicon-mediated macrophage polarization contributes to vascularization by evaluating the CPC-CS-mediated changes in the immuno-environment under different silicate ion contents both in vivo and in vitro. We found that the silicon released from CPC-CS can promote macrophage polarization into the M2 phenotype and rapid endothelial neovascularization during bone repair. Dramatic neovascularization and osteogenesis were observed in mouse calvarial bone defects implanted with CPC-CS containing 60% CS. These findings suggest that CPC-CS is a novel biomaterial that can modulate immune response, promote endothelial proliferation, and facilitate neovascularization and osteogenesis. Thus, CPC-CS shows potential as a bone substitute material.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(35): 2798-2803, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551497

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical etiology of ovarian infertility. Methods: The data of infertile women who underwent 3.0T MRI and magnetic resonance hysterosalpingography (MR-HSG) examination in the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to March 2020 were collected. The ovarian factors of infertility, as well as the abnormalities of bilateral fallopian tubes and uterus, were evaluated. Etiologies assessed by MRI were finally confirmed by hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, surgery, or a comprehensive clinical diagnosis. Results: Among 1 351 patients, 1 296 cases were eligible and included for further analysis. Evaluated by MRI and MR-HSG, 494(38.12%) cases had ovarian abnormalities, including 239(48.38%) cases of ovarian endometriosiss, 116(23.48%) cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), 37(7.49%) cases of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), 33(6.68%) cases of ovarian mass, 28(5.67%) cases of ovarian injury, and 41(8.30%) cases who had at least two kinds of ovarian diseases. Unilateral and bilateral ovarian abnormalities accounted for 52.02% (257/494) and 47.98%(237/494), respectively.In total, 453 of 494(91.7%) patients had only one kind of ovarian disease. Among the 494 patients, 103(20.85%) cases had abnormal ovary with normal uterus and fallopian tubes, and the other 391(79.15%) cases had abnormalities not only in ovary, but in fallopian tube and/or uterus. Conclusion: Infertility-related ovarian diseases have certain characteristics of MRI findings. 3.0T MRI is useful for comprehensive analysis of etiology in ovarian infertility. Combined with MR-HSG, it provides one-stop assessments of the pelvic factors in female infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Tubas Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1220-1225, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of DR5-mediated docetaxel-targeted lipid microbubbles (MBs) combined with ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction on apoptosis and expressions of Bcl-2, nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), caspase-8, and DR5 in human HepG2 cells. METHODS: HepG2 cells were treated with docetaxel at its 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 5 nmol/L, docetaxel combined with ultrasound, blank MBs, blank MBs combined with ultrasound (0.5 W/cm2 for 45 s), drugloaded lipid MBs (DLLM), DLLM combined with ultrasound, DR5-mediated DLLM (DR5-DLLM), or DR5-DLLM combined with ultrasound.After the treatments, the cells were further cultured for 24 h, and CCK-8 assay, TUNEL staining and flow cytometry were used to assess cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle changes; the changes in mRNA and protein expression levels of Bcl-2, NF-κB, caspase-8, and DR5 were detected with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: Among all the treatments, DR5-DLLM combined with ultrasound produced the strongest effects to inhibit the proliferation (P < 0.001), promote apoptosis (P < 0.001), and cause G2/M cell cycle arrest (P < 0.001) in HepG2 cells.The combined treatment with DR5-DLLM and ultrasound also significantly downregulated Bcl-2 and NF-κB (P < 0.001) and upregulated DR5 and caspase-8 expressions (P < 0.001) at both the mRNA and protein levels. CONCLUSION: DR5-DLLM combined with ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction can induce G2/M cell cycle arrest, proliferation inhibition and apoptosis in HepG2 cells by downregulating Bcl-2 and NF-κB and upregulating DR5 and caspase-8 expressions, indicating its value as a novel ultrasoundtargeted therapy for liver cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Microbolhas , Proliferação de Células , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Lipídeos
17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1265-1269, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy in elderly patients during anesthesia recovery. METHOD: A total of 178 elderly patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgeries were randomly assigned into HFNC oxygen therapy group (group H) or nasal cannula oxygen therapy group (group N), with 89 patients in each group.All the patients were admitted in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) after the surgery for recovery following the routine procedure.After trachea extubation, the patients in group H received HFNC oxygen therapy and those in group N had nasal cannula oxygen therapy.In both groups, arterial blood gas analysis was performed at 10 min after oxygen inhalation and the respiratory parameters were recorded.During oxygen inhalation, the occurrence and frequency of hypoxia (oxygen saturation < 90%), trachea reintubation and adverse events (unplanned admission to ICU, vomiting, aspiration, etc.) were recorded. RESULTS: All the patients recovered safely from anesthesia in the PACU and subsequently received routine care, and only 1 patient in group N required trachea reintubation.Compared with those in group N, that patients in group H had a significantly lower incidence of hypoxia (3.4% vs 11.2%, P=0.044), a higher arterial partial pressure of oxygen (161.96±51.21 vs 114.35±43.60 mmHg, P < 0.001), and a higher oxygenation index(398.76±231.86 vs 324.10±194.16, P=0.021).The mean respiratory rate, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide and blood oxygen saturation were all comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSION: HFNC oxygen therapy during anesthesia recovery is safe and effective in elderly patients and can reduce the occurrence of hypoxia after tracheal extubation and improve arterial partial pressure of oxygen and oxygenation.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Ventilação não Invasiva , Insuficiência Respiratória , Idoso , Extubação , Cânula , Humanos , Hipóxia , Oxigênio , Oxigenoterapia
18.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564830

RESUMO

Huntington disease (HD) is a single-gene autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by a polyglutamine expansion of the protein huntingtin (HTT). Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) is the first protein identified as an interacting partner of huntingtin, which is directly associated with HD. HAP1 is mainly expressed in the nervous system and is also found in the endocrine system and digestive system, and then involves in the occurrence of the related endocrine diseases, digestive system diseases, and cancer. Understanding the function of HAP1 could help elucidate the pathogenesis that HTT plays in the disease process. Therefore, this article attempts to summarize the latest research progress of the role of HAP1 and its application for diseases in recent years, aiming to clarify the functions of HAP1 and its interacting proteins, and provide new research ideas and new therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer and related diseases.

20.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 796-803, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530561

RESUMO

Objective: Contrast-enhanced CT is an important method of preoperative diagnosis and evaluation for the malignant potential of gastric submucosal tumor (SMT). It has a high diagnostic accuracy rate in differentiating gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with a diameter greater than 5 cm from gastric benign SMT. This study aimed to use deep learning algorithms to establish a diagnosis model (GISTNet) based on contrast-enhanced CT and evaluate its diagnostic value in distinguishing gastric GIST with a diameter ≤ 5 cm and other gastric SMT before surgery. Methods: A diagnostic test study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 181 patients undergoing resection with postoperative pathological diagnosis of gastric SMT with a diameter ≤ 5 cm at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Renji Hospital from September 2016 to April 2021 were retrospectively collected. After excluding 13 patients without preoperative CT or with poor CT imaging quality, a total of 168 patients were enrolled in this study, of whom, 107 were GIST while 61 were benign SMT (non-GIST), including 27 leiomyomas, 24 schwannomas, 6 heterotopic pancreas and 4 lipomas. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) gastric SMT was diagnosed by contrast-enhanced CT before surgery; (2) preoperative gastroscopic examination and biopsy showed no abnormal cells; (3) complete clinical and pathological data. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients received anti-tumor therapy before surgery; (2) without preoperative CT or with poor CT imaging quality due to any reason; (3) except GIST, other gastric malignant tumors were pathologically diagnosed after surgery. Based on the hold-out method, 148 patients were randomly selected as the training set and 20 patients as the test set of the GISTNet diagnosis model. After the GISTNet model was established, 5 indicators were used for evaluation in the test set, including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC). Then GISTNet diagnosis model was compared with the GIST-risk scoring model based on traditional CT features. Besides, in order to compare the accuracy of the GISTNet diagnosis model and the imaging doctors in the diagnosis of gastric SMT imaging, 3 radiologists with 3, 9 and 19 years of work experience, respectively, blinded to clinical and pathological information, tested and judged the samples. The accuracy rate between the three doctors and the GISTNet model was compared. Results: The GISTNet model yielded an AUC of 0.900 (95% CI: 0.827-0.973) in the test set. When the threshold value was 0.345, the sensitivity specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the GISTNet diagnosis model was 100%, 67%, 75% and 100%, respectively. The accuracy rate of the GISTNet diagnosis model was better than that of the GIST-risk model and the manual readings from two radiologists with 3 years and 9 years of work experience (83% vs. 75%, 60%, 65%), and was close to the manual reading of the radiologist with 19 years of work experience (83% vs. 80%). Conclusion: The deep learning algorithm based on contrast-enhanced CT has favorable and reliable diagnostic accuracy in distinguishing gastric GIST with a diameter ≤ 5 cm and other gastric SMT before operation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Gástricas , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...