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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734531

RESUMO

Food safety issue caused by aflatoxins has aroused widespread concern in society. Herein, a novel fluorine-functionalized triazine-based porous organic polymer (F-POP) was developed for the first time by the simple condensation polymerization of 2,2'-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzidine and cyanuric chloride. With in-built fluorine functional group (F) and imine group (-NH-), F-POP displayed significantly superior adsorption ability for aflatoxins, outperforming fluorine-free POP due to the multiple interaction mechanisms of hydrogen bond, F-O interaction, π-π interaction, F-π interaction, and hydrophobic interaction. Thus, magnetic F-POP was prepared by introducing Fe3O4 into F-POP and then utilized as a magnetic sorbent for the extraction of trace aflatoxins in peanut and rice samples prior to high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed method presented high sensitivity with the limit of detections at 0.005-0.15 ng g-1. F-POP also exhibited outstanding adsorption capability for many other organic pollutants, revealing its great potential for analysis or adsorption applications.

2.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2201450, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors combined with antiangiogenic therapy reportedly have potential synergistic antitumor activity. We investigated the activity and safety of this regimen for recurrent/metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: This single-arm, Simon two-stage study enrolled patients with recurrent/metastatic NPC who were refractory to at least first-line systemic therapy and treatment-naive to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The patients received camrelizumab 200 mg once every 3 weeks and apatinib 250 mg once per day. The primary end point was the objective response rate. Key secondary end points included disease control rate, progression-free survival, duration of response, overall survival, and safety. RESULTS: Between October 14, 2020, and December 23, 2021, 58 patients were enrolled, and all were included in the efficacy and safety analysis set. The objective response rate was 65.5% (95% CI, 51.9 to 77.5), and the disease control rate was 86.2% (95% CI, 74.6 to 93.9). The median duration of response was not reached, and the median progression-free survival was 10.4 months (95% CI, 7.2 to 13.6), with a median follow-up duration of 12.4 months (range, 2.1-19.9 months). Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) of grade 3 or higher were reported in 34 (58.6%) patients, with the most common being hypertension (19.0%), nasopharyngeal necrosis (15.5%), headache (12.1%), AST elevation (10.3%), and creatine phosphokinase elevation (10.3%). Sixteen (27.6%) patients discontinued apatinib treatment before progression because of unbearable TRAEs, and the most common complication was nasopharyngeal necrosis (9/16; 56.3%). Recurrent nasopharyngeal lesions (odds ratio, 5.94 [95% CI, 1.45 to 24.24]) and reirradiation (odds ratio, 5.33 [95% CI, 1.15 to 24.79]) were significantly positively correlated with nasopharyngeal necrosis. CONCLUSION: Camrelizumab plus apatinib had promising antitumor activity in patients with refractory recurrent/metastatic NPC who failed first-line therapy. Moderate to severe TRAEs were experienced by 58.6%, including nasopharyngeal necrosis associated with local recurrence and a history of reirradiation.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36728656

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Small bowel (SB) bleeding is one of the common gastrointestinal problems, particularly in elders. The study aimed to find the causes of refractory bleeding and overcome the challenges and difficulties of surgical treatment for SB refractory bleeding. METHODS: All patients with SB refractory bleeding who underwent surgical treatment were included in this study. Patients' characteristics, surgical finding, and follow-up assessments were reviewed and analyzed through Hospital Information System records from October 1, 2014, to November 30, 2020. All analyses were performed using SPSS v23.0. RESULTS: The causes of SB bleeding include vascular lesions (angioectasia, arteriovenous malformations, and dieulafoy lesions) 29.6%, tumors (Polyps, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, Adenocarcinoma, and other) 24.5%, diverticular 18.4%, ulcers/erosion 15.3%, inflammatory bowel disease 7.1%, and other 5.1%. Patients (age below 60 y) were highly developed SB bleeding caused by diverticular 26.4% compared with patients (age 60 y or older) 8.9%, whereas bleeding caused by vascular lesions was significantly higher in patients (age 60 y or older) 37.8%. Other causes, such as tumors and inflammatory bowel disease, showed no significant difference related in age. Exploratory laparotomy was the standard method of bowel extrinsic examination. The intraoperative enteroscopy enterotomy (IOE-E) and IOE-combined were performed in 52 patients (1:1). IOE-E shows lower postoperative morbidity and shorter time of operation P<0.05 compared with the IOE-combined approach. CONCLUSIONS: Age and exhaustive patient history can assist in finding out the etiology. IOE-E is safe, and coordination between surgeon and endoscopist is necessary for IOE if an identifiable source cannot be found in endoscopy or exploratory laparotomy alone.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(2): 443-454, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725234

RESUMO

To improve the quality control methods of Poria and develop and utilize its resources fully, alkaline extraction was used in this study to determine the yield and content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides of Poria. The alkali-soluble extracts of Poria were obtained according to the optimum extraction conditions on the basis of single-factor test, and 30 batches of samples were determined. The structure and chemical composition of the alkali-soluble extracts was characterized by high-performance gel permeation chromatography(HPGPC), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry(FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone(PMP-HPLC). The results showed that the content of the alkali-soluble extracts was in the range of 46.98%-73.86%. The main component was ß-(1→3)-glucan, and its molecular mass was about 1.093×10~5. Further, the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides of Poria was measured by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and HPLC coupled with the evaporative light scattering detector(HPLC-ELSD), and 30 batches of samples were measured. The results indicated that the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry was in the range of 73.70%-92.57%, and the content of samples from Hubei province was slightly higher than that from Yunnan province, Anhui province and Hunan province. The content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides determined by HPLC-ELSD was in the range of 51.42%-76.69%, and the samples from Hunan province had slightly higher content than that from the other three provinces. The content determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry was higher than that by HPLC-ELSD. However, the content determined by HPLC-ELSD was close to that of alkali-soluble extract, which could accurately characterize the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides in Poria, and the method was simple and repeatable. Therefore, it is recommended that the quantitative analysis method for alkali-soluble extract and alkali-soluble polysaccharides by HPLC-ELSD be used in the quality standards of Poria in Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Assuntos
Poria , Poria/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , China , Polissacarídeos/química , Padrões de Referência , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(1): 114-125, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725264

RESUMO

Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum(GGEC), the dried gizzard membrane of Gallus gallus domesticus is a Chinese medicinal material commonly used for digestion. However, due to the particularity of texture and composition, its active ingre-dients have not been clarified so far, and there is also a lack of quality evaluation indicators. In this study, UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the chemical components from the water extract of GGEC, and ten nucleosides were identified for the first time. HPLC fingerprints of the water extracts of GGEC were established and the content of seven nucleosides was determined. The fingerprint similarities of 40 batches of GGEC samples ranged from 0.765 to 0.959, indicating that there were great differences among the GGEC products processed with different methods. In addition, SPSS 22.0 and SIMCA 14.1 were used for hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and principal component analysis(PCA) on the 19 common peaks of the HPLC fingerprints of GGEC, and the 40 batches of samples were divided into three categories: raw GGEC, fried GGEC and vinegar-processed GGEC. Eight differential components in GGEC were marked by orthogonal partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA), two of which were adenine and thymine. The results of content determination showed that the total content of the seven nucleosides in raw GGEC, fried GGEC and vinegar-processed GGEC were 182.5-416.8, 205.3-368.7, and 194.2-283.0 µg·g~(-1), respectively. There were significant differences in the content of hypoxanthine, thymine and thymidine among the GGEC products processed with different methods(P<0.05), which were graded in the order of fried GGEC>vinegar-processed GGEC>raw GGEC. This suggested that the content of hypoxanthine, thymine and thymidine tended to increase during the frying process, and the variation range might be related to the degree of heat exposure. The established methods in this study were simple and reproducible, and could be used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of GGEC and its processed pro-ducts. This study also provided reference for the establishment of quality standards of GGEC with chemical components as control index.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Nucleosídeos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácido Acético , Timina , Timidina , Água , Hipoxantinas
6.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723133

RESUMO

Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells are considered as promising energy-conversion devices. Alloying 3d transition metals with noble metals not only highly improves the performance of noble metal-based catalysts towards electrocatalytic reactions in fuel cells due to d-d hybridization interaction but also decreases the total cost. However, the rapid leaching of transition metal atoms leads to a fast decay of the activity, which seriously affects the performance of the fuel cell. Herein, alloyed Pd-main group metal (e.g. Pb, Bi, Sn) ultrathin nanowires were realized by a facile one-step wet-chemical strategy. The content of the main group metal could be tuned in a certain range while maintaining the same one-dimensional ultrathin nanowire morphology, which provided a large surface area and many more active sites. These Pd-based alloys showed a significant improvement in electrocatalytic activity and durability towards the oxygen reaction reaction as well as ethanol oxidation reaction. Optimal activity occurred when a small amount of main group metal existed, which could be explained through calculations by a strong p-d hybridization interaction between the main group metal and Pd to optimize the surface electronic structure collaboratively. Besides, high stability was achieved, which could be ascribed to the increased antioxidant activity of Pd by the main group metal. Furthermore, the low amount of the main group metal atoms also prevented them from leaching out of the crystal lattice.

7.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 8(1): 172-176, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713295

RESUMO

We report the complete mitochondrial genome of Leocrates chinensis Kinberg, 1866 - the type species of the genus. It is 15061 bp long, and contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNA genes (tRNAs), and 2 rRNA genes (rRNAs), and 1 putative control region. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that L. chinensis was placed as sister to Sirsoe methanicola (BS = 100) of the same family Hesionidae.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622664

RESUMO

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), as an indispensable biomolecule, is the main energy source of cells and is used as a marker for diseases such as cancer and fatty liver. It is of great significance to design a near-infrared fluorescent nanoprobe with excellent performance and apply it to various disease models. Here, a near-infrared fluorescent nanoprobe (ZIF-90@SiR) based on a zeolitic imidazole framework is proposed. The fluorescent nanoprobes are synthesized by encapsulating the dye (SiR) into the framework of ZIF-90. Upon the addition of ATP, the structure of the ZIF-90@SiR nanoprobe is disrupted and SiR is released to generate near-infrared fluorescence at 670 nm. In the process of ATP detection, ZIF-90@SiR shows high sensitivity and good selectivity. Moreover, the ZIF-90@SiR nanoprobe has good biocompatibility due to its low toxicity to cells. It is used for fluorescence imaging of ATP in living cells and thus distinguishing normal cells and cancer cells, as well as distinguishing fatty liver cells. Due to excellent near-infrared fluorescence properties, the ZIF-90@SiR nanoprobe can not only distinguish normal mice and tumor mice but also differentiate normal mice and fatty liver mice for the first time.

9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1242: 340813, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657896

RESUMO

Viscosity is an important component of cell microenvironment, and abnormal mitochondrial viscosity is associated with many diseases such as tumor and fatty liver. Herein, a near-infrared fluorescence probe (QX-V) based on quinoline-xanthene dye for detecting viscosity is constructed. In high viscosity medium, the free rotation of single bond is inhibited and the fluorescence is released. The probe shows high sensitivity together with good selectivity. Notably, QX-V has a long excitation wavelength (710 nm) and emission wavelength (786 nm). At the same time, the probe is a positively charged molecule that can target mitochondria. QX-V can not only distinguish cancer cells from normal cells, but also make a distinction between normal cells and fatty hepatocytes. In addition, QX-V is used to image viscosity abnormality in tumor-bearing mice. The probe also has a good ability to image viscosity abnormality caused by liver injury in fatty-liver mice.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Neoplasias , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Viscosidade , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Mitocôndrias/química , Células HeLa , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/patologia
10.
Plant Cell ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660928

RESUMO

Elucidating enzyme-substrate relationships in posttranslational modification (PTM) networks is crucial for understanding signal transduction pathways but is technically difficult because enzyme-substrate interactions tend to be transient. Here we demonstrate that TurboID-based proximity labeling (TbPL) effectively and specifically captures the substrates of kinases and phosphatases. TbPL-mass spectrometry (TbPL-MS) identified over four hundred proximal proteins of Arabidopsis thaliana BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE2 (BIN2), a member of the GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE KINASE 3 (GSK3) family that integrates signaling pathways controlling diverse developmental and acclimation processes. A large portion of the BIN2 proximal proteins showed BIN2-dependent phosphorylation in vivo or in vitro, suggesting that these are BIN2 substrates. Protein-protein interaction network analysis showed that the BIN2 proximal proteins include interactors of BIN2 substrates, revealing a high level of interactions among the BIN2 proximal proteins. Our proteomic analysis establishes the BIN2 signaling network and uncovers BIN2 functions in regulating key cellular processes such as transcription, RNA processing, translation initiation, vesicle trafficking, and cytoskeleton organization. We further discovered significant overlap between the GSK3 phosphorylome and the O-GlcNAcylome, suggesting an evolutionarily ancient relationship between GSK3 and the nutrient-sensing O-glycosylation pathway. Our work presents a powerful method for mapping PTM networks, a large dataset of GSK3 kinase substrates, and important insights into the signaling network that controls key cellular functions underlying plant growth and acclimation.

11.
Hear Res ; 429: 108696, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669260

RESUMO

Multiple aspects of brain development are influenced by early sensory loss such as deafness. Despite growing evidence of changes in attentional functions for prelingual profoundly deaf, the brain mechanisms underlying these attentional changes remain unclear. This study investigated the relationships between differential attention and the resting-state brain network difference in deaf individuals from the perspective of brain network connectivity. We recruited 36 deaf individuals and 34 healthy controls (HC). We recorded each participant's resting-state electroencephalogram (EEG) and the event-related potential (ERP) data from the Attention Network Test (ANT). The coherence (COH) method and graph theory were used to build brain networks and analyze network connectivity. First, the ERPs of analysis in task states were investigated. Then, we correlated the topological properties of the network functional connectivity with the ERPs. The results revealed a significant correlation between frontal-occipital connection in the resting state and the amplitude of alert N1 amplitude in the alpha band. Specifically, clustering coefficients and global and local efficiency correlate negatively with alert N1 amplitude, whereas the characteristic path length positively correlates with alert N1 amplitude. In addition, deaf individuals exhibited weaker frontal-occipital connections compared to the HC group. In executive control, the deaf group had longer reaction times and larger P3 amplitudes. However, the orienting function did not significantly differ from the HC group. Finally, the alert N1 amplitude in the ANT task for deaf individuals was predicted using a multiple linear regression model based on resting-state EEG network properties. Our results suggest that deafness affects the performance of alerting and executive control while orienting functions develop similarly to hearing individuals. Furthermore, weakened frontal-occipital connections in the deaf brain are a fundamental cause of altered alerting functions in the deaf. These results reveal important effects of brain networks on attentional function from the perspective of brain connections and provide potential physiological biomarkers to predicting attention.

12.
Heart Lung ; 59: 8-15, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is a common disease that seriously threatens human physical and mental health. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the main cause of secondary PAH. OBJECTIVES: This study observed the differential expression of the endogenous Apela/APJ system in COPD patients with or without PAH. METHODS: A total of 69 COPD patients were enrolled, including 31 patients with PAH (COPD+PAH). Lung tissue from healthy controls, COPD patients, and COPD patients with PAH was used for RT-PCR and histological examination. RESULTS: The serum level of endogenous Apela in COPD+PAH patients was significantly lower than those in the control and COPD groups. Correlation analysis showed that systolic pulmonary artery pressure in COPD+PAH patients was negatively correlated with the serum level of endogenous Apela (r = -0.3842, p < 0.05). The percentage of intima thickening and muscularization of pulmonary arterioles was increased in COPD+PAH patients, while the expression of Apela/APJ was decreased. Compared with the healthy controls and COPD patients, the expression of endothelial markers vWF and CD34 mRNA in the pulmonary arterioles in COPD+PAH patients decreased, while the expression of interstitial markers α-SMA and vimentin mRNA was up-regulated. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that expression of the Apela/APJ system is decreased in PAH secondary to COPD. The pathological changes involved in PAH secondary to COPD include thickening of the intima and muscularization of the pulmonary arterioles, as well as endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Corrective action targeting the diminished Apela/APJ system may be a promising therapeutic strategy for PAH in the future.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 11(1): 164-171, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymic lipofibroadenomas are extremely rare. In this study, we investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of thymic lipofibroadenomas. CASE SUMMARY: This study included three patients with thymic lipofibroadenomas. We retrospectively analyzed the patient data to determine the clinicopathological characteristics of thymic lipofibroadenomas. The study included one man and two women [mean age, 43 (33-59) years]. All patients were non-smokers and presented with well-defined anterior mediastinal tumors. The cut surfaces of the tumors were solid, with a mixture of yellow and white areas. Microscopic evaluation of resected specimens showed scattered cord-like structures of epithelial cells embedded within abundant fibrotic and hyaline stroma admixed with variable quantities of adipose tissue. One patient showed hyperplastic thymic tissue in a part of the tumor. CONCLUSION: Thymic lipofibroadenomas are an extremely rare type of benign thymic tumor. Surgical removal of lipofibroadenomas is usually curative.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a late-onset inherited neuromuscular disorder, with progressive ptosis and dysphagia as common manifestations. To date, OPMD has rarely been reported among East Asians. The present study summarizes the phenotypic and genotypic features of Chinese patients with OPMD. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with molecularly confirmed OPMD from 9 unrelated families were identified by direct sequencing of the polyadenlyate binding protein nuclear-1 (PABPN1) gene. Immunofluorescence staining of muscle biopsies was conducted to identify the components of protein degradation pathways involved in OPMD. RESULTS: In our cohort, the genetically confirmed OPMD group had a mean age at onset of 50.6 ± 4.2 years (range 45-60 years). Ptosis (42.9%) was the most common initial symptom; patients with ptosis as the first symptom subsequently developed dysphagia within a median time of 5.5 years (range 1-19 years). Evidence of external ophthalmoplegia was found in 38.1% of patients. A total of 33.3% of the patients developed muscle weakness at a median age at onset of 66 years (range 50-70 years), with neck flexor involvement in all patients. Five genotypes were observed in our cohort, including classical (GCG)9-11 repeats in 7 families and non-GCG elongations with additional GCA expansions in 2 families. OPMD muscle biopsies revealed rimmed vacuoles and intranuclear filamentous inclusions. The PABPN1 protein showed substantial accumulation in the nuclei of muscle fiber aggregates and closely colocalized with p62, LC3B and FK2. INTERPRETATION: Our findings indicate wide genetic heterogeneity in OPMD in the Chinese population and demonstrate abnormalities in protein degradation pathways in this disease.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202215329, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602285

RESUMO

Poly(1,2-dithiolane)s are a family of intrinsically recyclable polymers due to their dynamic covalent disulfide linkages. Despite the common use of thiolate-initiated anionic ring-opening polymerization (ROP) under basic condition, cationic ROP is still not exploited. Here we report that disulfide bond can act as a proton acceptor, being protonated by acids to form sulfonium cations, which can efficiently initiate the ROP of 1,2-dithiolanes and result in high-molecular-weight (over 1000 kDa) poly(disulfide)s. The reaction can be triggered by adding catalytic amounts of acids and non-coordinating anion salts, and completed in few minutes at room temperature. The acidic conditions allow the applicability for acidic monomers. Importantly, the reaction condition can be under open air without inert protection, enabling the nearly quantitative chemical recycling from bulk materials to original monomers.

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36676613

RESUMO

Oxide metallurgy technology can improve the microstructure of a coarse-grained heat-affected zone (CGHAZ) but introduces extra inclusions. Local corrosion behavior of the CGHAZ of a Zr-Ti-Al-RE deoxidized steel was investigated in this work using theoretical calculations and experimental verification. The modified inclusions have a (Zr-Mg-Al-Ca-RE)Ox core claded by a CaS and TiN shell. CaS dissolves first, followed by the oxide core, leaving TiN parts. This confirms that the addition of rare earth can reduce lattice distortion and prevent a galvanic couple between the inclusions and the matrix, while the chemical dissolution of CaS causes localized acidification, resulting in the pitting corrosion initiation.

17.
Phytomedicine ; 111: 154661, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 70% of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) concomitantly suffer from Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and the coexistence and interaction of them increases the intractability of NAFLD. With the protective effect against hepatic steatosis and liver fibrosis, SIRT6 is becoming a notable target of NAFLD. Diosgenin, an active monomer from Chinese herbs, has been reported to protect against NAFLD. PURPOSE: This study aims to figure out the mechanism how diosgenin alleviate NAFLD in T2DM and the relationship with SIRT6. METHODS: In vivo studies used spontaneous diabetic db/db mice and divided them into two parts. The first part included four groups consisting of control (Con) group, model (Mod) group, low dose of diosgenin (DL) group and high dose of diosgenin (DH) group. The second part included four groups consisting of Con group, Mod group, DH+OSS (OSS_128167, inhibitor of SIRT6) group, MDL (MDL800, agonist of SIRT6) group. HepG2 cell line was selected in study in vitro, which was mainly composed of six groups including Con group, palmitic acid (PA) group, PA+DL group, PA+DH group, PA+DH+OSS group, PA+MDL group. OGTT, Biochemical biomarker (including TG, TC, AST, ALT), inflammatory biomarker (including IL-6 and TNF-α) were measured. HE, Oil Red O, and DHE staining were conducted. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, mRNA-seq, and qPCR were used to explore the mechanism. RESULTS: Results in the first part of study in vivo indicated that diosgenin protected against lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, cell injury, and light inflammatory of liver in db/db mice and regulated the expression of SIRT6 and fatty acid transporter including CD36, FATP2, FABP1. The effect of diosgenin could be reversed in DH+OSS group and the same effect was observed in MDL group in the second part of study in vivo. The same results were also noted in followed study in vitro. Diosgenin inhibited the fatty acids uptake and regulated the expression of SIRT6 and fatty acid transporter including CD36, FATP2, and FABP1 in PA-induced hepG2 cells, and which was reversed in DH+OSS group and resembled in MDL group. CONCLUSIONS: Diosgenin could attenuate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes through regulating SIRT6-related fatty acid uptake.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693199

RESUMO

Due to recently introduced 'so-called' bio- and plant-based friendly food contact materials and articles (FCM/FCA), some neglected safety issues need to be raised. In this review, potential chemical contaminants from FCM/FCA made from or containing wood and bamboo are presented. Sources, migration, and analytical issues in determining contaminants including intentionally and non-intentionally added substances (IAS and NIAS, respectively) are reviewed. Most of the contaminants are components from melamine-formaldehyde-resin (MFR), paints and coatings, preservatives, and bleaching agents. Tableware made of MFR containing bamboo fibres as a filler are not always suitable for use as tableware since harmful amounts of melamine and formaldehyde can migrate from the tableware into food and even accelerate the degradation of certain polymers with which they are mixed. In addition, in the EU bamboo in plastic FCM is not authorized under Regulation (EU) 10/2011. Paints and coatings used to provide surface coverage for bamboo and wooden articles also pose a risk of migration of heavy metals. Limits on preservatives in wood FCM are covered by legislation in many countries, nevertheless their contamination should not be ignored. Some wood species are considered 'toxic' or contain 'toxic' constituents that should not be used in contact with food, which are worth considering for legislation. IAS analyses in bamboo and wooden FCM is generally not a problem, but has proven to be more challenging for NIAS. Due to a complex mixture of substances contained in plant-based materials, there is a need to improve databases for non-target screening of such chemicals.

19.
Virulence ; : 2171691, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694288

RESUMO

Polydnaviruses (PDVs), obligatory symbionts with parasitoid wasps, function as host immune suppressors and growth and development regulator. PDVs can induce host hemocyte apoptosis, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we provided evidence that, during the early stages of parasitism, the activated Cotesia vestalis bracovirus (CvBV) reduced the overall number of host hemocytes by inducing apoptosis. We found that one hemocyte-highly expressed CvBV gene, CvBV-26-4, could induce hemocyte apoptosis. Further analyses showed that CvBV-26-4 has four homologs from other Cotesia bracoviruses and BV from wasps in the genus Glyptapanteles, and all four of them possessed a similar structure containing 3 copies of a well-conserved motif (Gly-Tyr-Pro-Tyr, GYPY). Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that CvBV-26-4 was secreted into plasma by hemocytes and then degraded into peptides that induced the apoptosis of hemocytes. Moreover, ectopic expression of CvBV-26-4 caused fly hemocyte apoptosis and increased the susceptibility of flies to bacteria. Based on this research, a new family of bracovirus genes, Bracovirus apoptosis-inducing proteins (BAPs), was proposed. Furthermore, it was discovered that the development of wasp larvae was affected when the function of CvBV BAP was obstructed in the parasitized hosts. The results of our study indicate that the BAP gene family from the bracoviruses group is crucial for immunosuppression during the early stages of parasitism.

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