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1.
Talanta ; 236: 122839, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635229

RESUMO

Single-cell analysis of proteins is critical to gain precise information regarding the mechanisms that dictate the heterogeneity in cellular phenotypes and their differential response to internal and external stimuli. However, tools that allow sensitive and easy measurement of proteins in individual cells are still limited. The emerging semiconductor-based bioelectronics may provide a new approach to overcome the challenges in this field, however its utility in single-cell protein analysis has not been explored. In this study, we investigated multiple protein detection in single cells by MoS2 field effect transistors (MoS2-FETs) modified with specific biological probes. First, ß-actin antibody was connected to the surface of MoS2-FETs by covalent bonds, and the fabricated device was tested using ß-actin solution with concentrations from 10-9 to 10-3 µg/µL. Next, we examined the application of MoS2-FET for protein analysis in complex biological samples, and the device showed electrical signal response to human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293T in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we applied this method to analyze individual liver cancer MHCC-97L cells, targeting four cellular proteins, including ß-actin, epidermal growth factor receptor, sirtuin-2, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. The devices modified with corresponding probes could identify the target proteins and showed cell number-dependent responses. As a proof of principle, we demonstrated sensitive and multiplexed detection of proteins in single cells using MoS2-FETs. The biosensor and this detection method are cost-efficient and user-friendly with broad application prospects in biological studies and clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Molibdênio , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteínas , Semicondutores
2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 370-377, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269212

RESUMO

High-frequency spinal cord stimulation (HF-SCS) has been established as an effective therapy for neuropathic pain. However, the analgesic mechanisms involved in HF-SCS remain to be clarified. In our study, adult rat neuropathic pain was induced by spinal nerve ligation. Two days after modeling, the rats were subjected to 4 hours of HF-SCS (motor threshold 50%, frequency 10,000 Hz, and pulse width 0.024 ms) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. The results revealed that the tactile allodynia of spinal nerve-injured rats was markedly alleviated by HF-SCS, and the effects were sustained for 3 hours after the stimulation had ceased. HF-SCS restored lysosomal function, increased the levels of lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) and the mature form of cathepsin D (matu-CTSD), and alleviated the abnormally elevated levels of microtubule-associated protein 1A/B-light chain 3 (LC3)-II and sequestosome 1 (P62) in spinal nerve-injured rats. HF-SCS also mostly restored the immunoreactivity of LAMP2, which was localized in neurons in the superficial layers of the spinal dorsal horn in spinal nerve-injured rats. In addition, intraperitoneal administration of 15 mg/kg chloroquine for 60 minutes reversed the expression of the aforementioned proteins and shortened the timing of the analgesic effects of HF-SCS. These findings suggest that HF-SCS may exhibit long-lasting analgesic effects on neuropathic pain in rats through improving lysosomal dysfunction and alleviating autophagic flux. This study was approved by the Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of China Medical University, Shenyang, China (approval No. 2017PS196K) on March 1, 2017.

3.
Food Microbiol ; 101: 103897, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579850

RESUMO

The effects of l-glycine (Gly) and l-glutamic acid (Glu) on oxidative damage induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in Pediococcus pentosaceus R1 were investigated. Gly and Glu significantly reduce the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the levels of malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins and concomitantly increase ATP levels in P. pentosaceus R1 under H2O2-induced stress (P < 0.05). Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy of bacteria under H2O2-induced stress revealed that Gly and Glu suppress bacterial membrane deformation and cell damage. Gly exhibited stronger ferrous ion-chelating ability, whereas Glu has higher radical scavenging activities and reducing power (P < 0.05). The abilities of Gly and Glu to inhibit lipid peroxidation are comparable. Gly and Glu significantly enhance the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, respectively, and increase the total antioxidant capacity of bacteria (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that Gly and Glu alleviate H2O2-induced oxidative stress via direct antioxidant effects and increase the activities of bacterial antioxidant enzyme.

4.
Food Chem ; 367: 130653, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343809

RESUMO

A uniform spherical structure covalent organic framework (TAPA-BPDA-COF) was prepared by a facile method at room temperature with tris(4-aminophenyl)amine (TAPA) and 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxaldehyde (BPDA) as building blocks. Based on the solid phase extraction with the TAPA-BPDA-COF as the sorbent and high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection, a sensitive analytical method was established for the determination of four neonicotinoid insecticides from water and honey samples. Under the optimum conditions, good linear response for the quantification of the analytes was achieved in the range of 0.3-50.0 ng mL-1 for water samples and in the range of 8.0-500.0 ng g-1 for honey samples. The method recoveries fell in the range of 80.0-121.9% with RSDs less than 7.6%. The limits of detection at the signal to noise ratio of 3 were measured to be in the range of 0.08-0.12 ng mL-1 for water samples and 2.6-3.3 ng g-1 for honey samples, depending on compounds.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Neonicotinoides , Extração em Fase Sólida
5.
Food Chem ; 367: 130756, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388633

RESUMO

This study was aimed at evaluating the potential of high-intensity ultrasound (HIU, 450 W for 10 min) combined with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) having various concentrations (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 µmol/g protein) to inhibit the thermal aggregation behavior of myofibrillar proteins (MPs) in water. The results indicated that the addition of H2O2 interfered with the intermolecular sulfhydryl-disulfide interchange and inhibited the disulfide bond cross-linking. The H2O2-mediated conversion of cysteine to thiol derivatives appeared to be the primary mechanism of this effect. The HIU combined with H2O2, especially at the H2O2 concentration of 200 µmol/g, corresponded to a more significant inhibitory effect than that of only H2O2, which attributed to the dissociation of the filamentous myosin structure that led to an enhanced accessibility of the buried sulfhydryl groups. In conclusion, these findings provide direct evidence for the role of HIU combined with H2O2 in improving the thermal stability of MPs.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Água , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Miosinas , Compostos de Sulfidrila
6.
Environ Res ; 203: 111873, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411548

RESUMO

A series of rare earth complexes containing (α-PW12O40)3- and PO ligand are synthesized by water bath in 70 °C, [Ln(OPPh3)4(H2O)3](PW12O40)·4CH3CN (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Ho 1-7) (OPPh3 = Triphenylphosphine oxide, {PW12} = phosphotungstic acid). The precise structures are confirmed by X-ray single crystal diffraction and the result shows all complexes are isostructural. Complexes 1-7 are fully characterized by PXRD, FT-IR, TGA, UV diffuse reflectance spectra and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Complex 3 exhibits the highest photocatalytic degradation efficiency for methylene blue (MB) in this series of complexes. The experimental results showed that the photodegradation efficiency can remain constant at the level of 95% after five consecutive cycles. The photocatalytic reaction kinetics and mechanism of complexes were investigated. Additionally, complexes also exhibit photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity. THz-TDS was used to characterize the complexes and its raw materials, the characteristic peaks of OPPh3 (broad peak at 1.20 THz) and phosphotungstic acid (sharp peaks at 0.23, 0.32 THz) were obtained.

7.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 195: 113673, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619485

RESUMO

Trimethylamine (TMA) commonly exists in daily life and is harmful to human health, therefore the convenient and sensitive monitoring of TMA is highly desired. In this study, we developed a method to fabricate a high-performance TMA sensor by chemically conjugating olfactory receptor-derived peptides (ORPs) to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on interdigital electrodes. First, the SWCNTs were modified with thioester by Steglich esterification reaction. Next, the ORPs with a cysteine residue at the N-terminus were connected to the thioester by native chemical ligation and modified to the surface of the SWCNTs. The chemical connection method enabled more effective loading of ORPs to the SWCNTs compared to the previously reported physical connection method. Using this approach, the ORPs-SWCNTs sensor for gaseous TMA was fabricated and enabled detection of TMA with a concentration as low as 0.01 parts per trillion, which was three orders of magnitude lower than the reported lowest detection limit up to date. Furthermore, we tested the performance of the ORP-sensor with vaporized TMA and TMA generated from various spoiled food, and the sensor exhibited excellent sensitivity, selectivity, and stability for TMA detection. The results demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed chemical connection method for the fabrication of ORP-sensor and the great potential of using these sensors for applications in environmental safety, food quality evaluation, and healthcare.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanotubos de Carbono , Receptores Odorantes , Esterificação , Humanos , Metilaminas , Peptídeos , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo
8.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118450, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740740

RESUMO

Aquaculture ecosystem is a hot-spot for antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Rice-crayfish co-culture was considered an eco-friendly aquaculture model and has been widely adopted in China. However, it is unclear whether rice-crayfish co-culture is one of the most eco-friendly models from the perspective of antibiotic resistance profiles. In this study, we evaluated the eco-friendliness of rice-crayfish co-culture, and compared this model with other aquaculture models, from the perspectives of antibiotics and ARG patterns, based on multi-omics and antibiotic profiles. Results showed that the nutrient levels, antibiotic concentrations, dominant microbial genera and ARG patterns in the rice-crayfish co-culture model were profoundly different from the other three aquaculture models (crab only aquaculture model, crayfish only aquaculture model, and crab-crayfish co-culture models). Specifically, the rice-crayfish co-culture model has significantly lower diversity of ARGs and lower potential risks of ARGs when compared to the other aquaculture models. Nutrient and antibiotic concentrations were the important environmental factors for shaping ARG patterns, but compared with environmental factors, the effects of mobile genes and bacteria community on the proliferation and transmission of ARGs were stronger. This study has deepened our understanding of ARGs in freshwater aquaculture ecosystem, and suggested that rice-crayfish co-culture model is a relatively eco-friendly aquaculture model when compared with the other aquaculture models.

9.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126066, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626765

RESUMO

In this study, the fluctuating profiles of physicochemical and microbial characterizations along different filling heights of continuously up-flow solid-phase denitrification (SPD) columns packed with polycaprolactone (PCL) were investigated. It was found both the PCL filling area and non-filling area made significant contributions to treatment performance and denitrification mainly occurred near the bottom of the filling column. Nitrate displayed a high proportional removal (≥98.7%) among all the cases except the one with the lowest filling ratio (FR30) and highest NLR (3.99 ± 0.12 gN/(L·d)), while nitrite and ammonium displayed a weak accumulation in final effluents (nitrite ≤ 0.40 mg/L; ammonium ≤ 0.98 mg/L). The intensity of PCL hydrolysis in the top substrate was stronger than those in the middle or bottom. Both dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA) and microbial lysis contributed to ammonium accumulation, and nitrate was mainly removed via traditional denitrification and DNRA. JGI_0000069-P22_unclassified and Gracilibacteria_unclassified might contribute to denitrification.

10.
Food Chem ; 372: 131308, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655828

RESUMO

The effects of phosphorylation on the allergenicity of bovine α-lactalbumin (BLA) and digestive products were studied in vitro digestion. Two components with different molecular weight and conformation were obtained from natural and phosphorylated BLA. In vivo and in vitro assessment of allergenicity showed that phosphorylation prior to digestion significantly decreased the IgE/IgG binding capacity and allergic response in KU812 cells, and reduced the levels of IgG, IgE, IL-4 and histamine, with an increase in IFN-γ levels in mouse serum, depending on the changes in BLA structures, producing numerous small peptides. There were four phosphorylated sites (S22, T29, S47 and S70) in the high molecular weight components of phosphorylated BLA after digestion. These phosphorylated sites could mask the linear epitopes of digestive products, resulting in reduced allergic activity. Phosphorylation prior to digestion of dairy products can reduce the risk of anaphylaxis in patients with milk allergy to some extent.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 601-607, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380900

RESUMO

Epidural stimulation of the spinal cord is a promising technique for the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury. The key challenges within the reconstruction of motor function for paralyzed limbs are the precise control of sites and parameters of stimulation. To activate lower-limb muscles precisely by epidural spinal cord stimulation, we proposed a high-density, flexible electrode array. We determined the regions of motor function that were activated upon epidural stimulation of the spinal cord in a rat model with complete spinal cord, which was established by a transection method. For evaluating the effect of stimulation, the evoked potentials were recorded from bilateral lower-limb muscles, including the vastus lateralis, semitendinosus, tibialis anterior, and medial gastrocnemius. To determine the appropriate stimulation sites and parameters of the lower muscles, the stimulation characteristics were studied within the regions in which motor function was activated upon spinal cord stimulation. In the vastus lateralis and medial gastrocnemius, these regions were symmetrically located at the lateral site of L1 and the medial site of L2 vertebrae segment, respectively. The tibialis anterior and semitendinosus only responded to stimulation simultaneously with other muscles. The minimum and maximum stimulation threshold currents of the vastus lateralis were higher than those of the medial gastrocnemius. Our results demonstrate the ability to identify specific stimulation sites of lower muscles using a high-density and flexible array. They also provide a reference for selecting the appropriate conditions for implantable stimulation for animal models of spinal cord injury. This study was approved by the Animal Research Committee of Southeast University, China (approval No. 20190720001) on July 20, 2019.

12.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 1044-1049, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the expression levels of microRNA-138 (miR-138) and Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) in peripheral blood of children with cough variant asthma (CVA) and their regulatory effects on Th1/Th2 balance. METHODS: Sixty-five children with CVA (CVA group) and 30 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected for both groups, and CD4+ T cells were isolated and cultured. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the levels of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 that were secreted by CD4+ T cells. Flow cytometry was used to determine the percentages of Th1 and Th2 cells. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the level of RUNX3 mRNA in CD4+ T cells and the level of miR-138 in peripheral blood. Western blot was used to determine the protein expression of RUNX3 in CD4+ T cells. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to determine the targeting effects of miR-138 and RUNX3. The RUNX3-mimic plasmid was transfected into CD4+ T cells, and the effects on the levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 and the percentages of Th1 and Th2 cells were measured. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the CVA group showed significantly decreased levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 from CD4+ T cells, significantly increased levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 from CD4+ T cells, significantly decreased Th1 cell percentage and Th1/Th2 ratio, and a significantly increased Th2 cell percentage (P<0.05). The CVA group showed significantly lower relative expression levels of RUNX3 mRNA and protein in CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood than the control group (P<0.001). The relative expression level of miR-138 was significantly higher in the CVA group than in the control group (P<0.001). MiR-138 could target the expression of RUNX3. Upregulating the expression of RUNX3 in CD4+ T cells induced significantly increased levels of IFN-γ and IL-2, significantly decreased levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13, significantly increased Th1 cell percentage and Th1/Th2 ratio, and a significantly decreased Th2 cell percentage (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-138 regulates Th1/Th2 balance by targeting RUNX3 in children with CVA, providing a new direction for the treatment of CVA.


Assuntos
Asma , MicroRNAs , Criança , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Tosse , Humanos , Interleucina-13 , MicroRNAs/genética , Células Th1 , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2 , Células Th2
13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108317, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731784

RESUMO

As a key component of innate immunity, group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play a key role in Allergic rhinitis (AR). We previously demonstrated that both miR-155-5p and ILC2s are overexpressed in the nasal mucosa of AR patients, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. At present study, we revealed that miR-155-5p was highly expressed in ILC2s of AR patients. Moreover, miR-155-5p promoted the secretion of Th2 cytokines of ILC2s, while inhibited the secretion of Th1 cytokines and the apoptosis of ILC2s. Meanwhile, the TP53INP1 expression was poorly expressed in ILC2s of AR patients. A dual luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that TP53INP1 was a direct target of miR-155-5p, and its expression was inversely associated with miR-155-5p in ILC2s. Furthermore, TP53INP1 inhibited the secretion of Th2 cytokines of ILC2s, while promoted the secretion of Th1 cytokines and the apoptosis of ILC2s. Notably, rescue experiments demonstrated that overexpression of TP53INP1 could partially reverse the effect of miR-155-5p on ILC2s. Taken together, these findings suggested that miR-155-5p aggravated the inflammatory response of AR dominated by ILC2s via targeting TP53INP1, which may aid in the development of novel therapeutic agents for AR.

14.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 344, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759279

RESUMO

Macrophages play a vital role in the development of atherosclerosis. Previously, we have found that swiprosin-1 was abundantly expressed in macrophages. Here, we investigated the role of swiprosin-1 expressed in macrophages in atherogenesis. Bone marrow transplantation was performed from swiprosin-1-knockout (Swp-/-) mice and age-matched ApoE-/- mice. Atherosclerotic lesion, serum lipid, and interleukin-ß (IL-ß) levels were detected. In vitro, the peritoneal macrophages isolated from Swp-/- and wild-type mice were stimulated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and the macrophage of foam degree, cellular lipid content, apoptosis, inflammatory factor, migration, and autophagy were determined. Our results showed that swiprosin-1 was mainly expressed in macrophages of atherosclerotic plaques in aorta from ApoE-/- mice fed with high-cholesterol diet (HCD). The expression of swiprosin-1 in the foaming of RAW264.7 macrophages gradually increased with the increase of the concentration and time stimulated with ox-LDL. Atherosclerotic plaques, accumulation of macrophages, collagen content, serum total cholesterol, LDL, and IL-ß levels were decreased in Swp-/- → ApoE-/- mice compared with Swp+/+ → ApoE-/- mice fed with HCD for 16 weeks. The macrophage foam cell formation and cellular cholesterol accumulation were reduced, while the lipid uptake and efflux increased in macrophages isolated from Swp-/- compared to wild-type mice treated with ox-LDL. Swiprosin-1 deficiency in macrophages could inhibit apoptosis, inflammation, migration, and promote autophagy. Taken together, our results demonstrated that swiprosin-1 deficiency in macrophages could alleviate the development and progression of AS. The role of swiprosin-1 may provide a promising new target for ameliorating AS.

15.
ACS Omega ; 6(44): 29820-29829, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778655

RESUMO

Strain engineering can effectively improve the energy band degeneracy of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides so that they exhibit good thermoelectric properties under strain. In this work, we have studied the phonon, electronic, thermal, and thermoelectric properties of 1T-phase monolayer HfS2 with biaxial strain based on first-principles calculations combined with Boltzmann equations. At 0% strain, the results show that the lattice thermal conductivity of monolayer HfS2 is 5.01 W m-1 K-1 and the electronic thermal conductivities of n-type and p-type doped monolayer HfS2 are 2.94 and 0.39 W m-1 K-1, respectively, when the doping concentration is around 5 × 1012 cm-2. The power factors of the n-type and p-type doped monolayer HfS2 are different, 29.4 and 1.6 mW mK-2, respectively. Finally, the maximum ZT value of the n-type monolayer HfS2 is 1.09, which is higher than 0.09 of the p-type monolayer HfS2. Under biaxial strain, for n-type HfS2, the lattice thermal conductivity, the electronic thermal conductivity, and the power factor are 1.55 W m-1 K-1, 1.44 W m-1 K-1, and 22.9 mW mK-2 at 6% strain, respectively. Based on the above factor, the ZT value reaches its maximum of 2.29 at 6% strain. For p-type HfS2, the lattice thermal conductivity and the electronic thermal conductivity are 1.12 and 1.53 W m-1 K-1 at 7% strain, respectively. Moreover, the power factor is greatly improved to 29.5 mW mK-2. Finally, the maximum ZT value of the p-type monolayer HfS2 is 3.35 at 7% strain. It is obvious that strain can greatly improve the thermoelectric performance of monolayer HfS2, especially for p-type HfS2. We hope that the research results can provide data references for future experimental exploration.

16.
Small ; : e2104200, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786839

RESUMO

Many enveloped viruses utilize endocytic pathways and vesicle trafficking to infect host cells, where the acidification of virus-containing endosomes triggers the virus-endosome fusion events. Therefore, simultaneous correlation of intracellular location, local pH, and individual virus dynamics is important for gaining insight into viral infection mechanisms. Here, an imaging approach is developed for spatiotemporal quantification of endosomal acidification on the viral journey in host cells using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer based ratiometric pH sensor consisting of a photostable and high-brightness QD, pH-sensitive fluorescent dyes, and virus-binding proteins. Ratiometric analysis of sensor-based single-virus tracking data enables to dissect a two-step endosomal acidification process during the infection of influenza viruses and elucidates the occurrence of the fission and sorting of virus-containing endosomes to recycling endosomes after initial acidification. This technique should serve as a robust approach for in situ quantification of endosomal acidification on the viral journey.

17.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 179: 104975, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802525

RESUMO

Pesticides are one of the main causes of colony losses globally, posing a huge threat to the beekeeping industry. The fungicide carbendazim is commonly used on many crops worldwide, but the effects of fungicides on honey bees have received less attention than those of insecticides. Previous studies have shown that sublethal doses of carbendazim hinder growth and development and may destabilize and impede the development of honey bee colonies. The metabolome closely reflects brain activity at the functional level, allowing the effects of compounds such as fungicides to be investigated. Here, we established a model of carbendazim-treated honey bees, Apis mellifera, and used metabolomic approaches to better understand the effect of carbendazim on bee metabolic profiles. The results showed that 112 metabolites were significantly affected in carbendazim-treated bees compared to the control. Metabolites associated with energy and amino acid metabolism showed high abundance and were enriched for a wide range of pathways. In addition, the down-regulation of Aflatoxin B1exo-8,9-epoxide-GSH and glycerol diphosphate showed that carbenazim may affect the detoxification and immune system of honey bees. These results provide new insights into the interaction between fungicides and honey bees.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Abelhas , Benzimidazóis , Carbamatos/toxicidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Inseticidas/toxicidade
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813573

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for patients implanted with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) in East Asians is currently still controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy and safety of short-term DAPT in patients with those. In this study, randomized controlled trials from PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched to compare the efficacy and safety of short-term DAPT (6- month or less) with long-term DAPT (12- month or more) in patients implanted with new-generation DES in East Asian from inception to September 2020. The primary efficacy outcome was all-cause death, the primary safety outcome was major bleeding, and the secondary outcomes included cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, definite or possible stent thrombosis, and stroke.A total of six randomized controlled trials with 15688 patients met inclusion criteria, there were no significant differences in the incidence of all-cause death (RR 1.03, 0.76-1.39, P=0.856), cardiovascular death (RR 0.83, 0.55-1.24, P=0.361), myocardial infarction (RR 0.97, 0.72-1.31, P=0.853), definite or possible stent thrombosis (RR 1.52, 0.83-2.78, P=0.170) and stroke (RR 0.90, 0.61-1.31, P=0.574) between short- term and long- term DAPTs. However, there was a significant difference in the risk of major bleeding (RR 0.64, 0.49-0.85, P=0.002) between the two groups. Compared with long-term DAPT, the short-term DAPT can reduce the risk of major bleeding without increasing the risk of death or ischemia for East Asians (Registered by PROSPERO, CRD42020213266).

19.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 463-467, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816652

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of Biejia Yugan Granule on hepatic fibrosis caused by compound factors in rats and its effect on TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway. Methods: SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group, model control group, colchicine group, Biejia Yugan Granule low, medium and high dose (1.85, 3.70, 7.40 g/kg) groups (n= 8 in each group). The rat model of hepatic fibrosis was established by treating with 5% alcohol 15 ml/kg (ig) everyday and injecting with 40% carbon tetrachloride (sc) twice a week for 42 days. The effects of Biejia Yugan Granule on liver function, liver index and water content, serum hepatic fibrosis related indicators, key proteins and gene expression of TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway in rats were observed. Results: Biejia Yugan Granule at the doses of 1.85, 3.70 and 7.40 g/kg could decrease the serum levels of ALT, AST, ALP and HA, PCⅢ, C-Ⅳ, LN significantly, reduce the water content of liver tissue leads to the decrease of liver index, regulate the liver tissue TGF-ß1, Smad3 mRNA and Smad7 mRNA expressions. Conclusion: Biejia Yugan Granule has obvious effects of reducing enzyme and protecting liver and inhibiting hepatic fibrosis, and inhibiting TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway is one of its mechanisms of anti-hepatic fibrosis.

20.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 557-560, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816673

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of Butylphthalide (NBP) on airway mucus hypersecretion, interleukin-13 (IL-13) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in asthmatic mice. Methods: The mice were randomly divided into control group, asthma group, DEX group and high, medium and low doses of NBP (100, 50, 25 mg/kg) groups (n=12). Ovalbumin (OVA) injection was sensitized on the 1st, 8th, and 15th day of the experiment, and OVA was inhaled on the 22nd day to stimulate for 5 weeks to replicate the asthma model, and 20 mg/kg of NBP was given for intervention before the challenge. Finally, the asthma behavior, the secretion of goblet cells and Mucin 5ac (Muc5ac)were observed, and meanwhile the viscosity of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and the levels of Muc5ac, IL-13 and TNF-α in BALF were measured by ELISA. Results: Compared with the control group, the degree of sneezing, nose scratching and asthma, the proliferation of airway epithelial goblet cells and secretion of Muc5ac in the asthma group were increased significantly (P<0.01), meanwhile, the viscosity of BALF and the contents of Muc5ac, IL-13 and TNF-α were also increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the asthma group, the above behavioral scores of asthma were decreased significantly (P<0.01) after the intervention of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg NBP, as well as the proliferation of airway epithelial goblet cells, secretion of Muc5ac, the viscosity of BALF and the contents of Muc5ac, IL-13 and TNF-α were significantly lower than those of the asthma group (P<0.05, 0.01). Conclusion: NBP has the effect of anti-asthma by inhibiting mucus hypersecretion, and one of its mechanisms is to alleviate the abnormal expressions of IL-13 and TNF-α.

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