Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 78
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Microsyst Nanoeng ; 10: 48, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590817

RESUMO

Double-sided microlens arrays (DSMLAs) include combinations of two single-sided MLAs to overcome positioning errors and greatly improve light transmissivity compared to other types of lenses. Precision glass molding (PGM) is used to fabricate DSMLAs, but controlling alignment errors during this process is challenging. In this paper, a mold assembly was manufactured with a novel combination of materials to improve the alignment accuracy of mold cores during PGM by using the nonlinear thermal expansion characteristics of the various materials to improve the DSMLA alignment accuracy. By establishing a mathematical model of the DSMLA alignment error and a thermal expansion model of the mold-sleeve pair, the relationship between the maximum alignment error of the DSMLA and the mold-sleeve gap was determined. This research provides a method to optimize the mold-sleeve gap and minimize the alignment error of the DSMLA. The measured DSMLA alignment error was 10.56 µm, which is similar to the predicted maximum alignment error. Optical measurements showed that the uniformity of the homogenized beam spot was 97.81%, and the effective homogeneous area accounted for 91.66% of the total area. This proposed method provides a novel strategy to improve the performance of DSMLAs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the associations between several reproductive factors related to childbearing and the variation (V) measure (a novel, objective, single summary measure of breast image intensity) by menopausal status. METHODS: Our study included 3,814 cancer-free women within the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII cohorts. The data on reproductive variables and covariates were obtained from biennial questionnaires closest to the mammogram date. V-measures were obtained from mammographic images using a previously developed algorithm capturing the standard deviation of pixel values. We used multivariate linear regression to examine the associations of parity, age at first birth, time between menarche and first birth, time since last pregnancy, and lifetime breastfeeding duration with V-measure, adjusting for breast cancer risk factors, including percent mammographic density (PMD). We further examined if these associations were statistically accounted for (mediated) by PMD. RESULTS: Among premenopausal women, none of the reproductive factors were associated with V. Among postmenopausal women, inverse associations of parity and positive associations of age at first birth with V were mediated by PMD (percent mediated: nulliparity: 66.7%, p<0.0001; parity: 50.5%, p<0.01; age at first birth 76.1%, p<0.001) and were no longer significant in PMD-adjusted models. Lifetime duration of breastfeeding was positively associated with V (>36 vs. 0-<1 months ß=0.29, 95% CI 0.07; 0.52, p-trend<0.01), independent of PMD. CONCLUSIONS: Parity, age at first birth, and breastfeeding were associated with postmenopausal V. IMPACT: This study highlights associations of reproductive factors with mammographic image intensity.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7414, 2024 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548859

RESUMO

Wearable sensors are widely used in medical applications and human-computer interaction because of their portability and powerful privacy. Human activity identification based on sensor data plays a vital role in these fields. Therefore, it is important to improve the recognition performance of different types of actions. Aiming at the problems of insufficient time-varying feature extraction and gradient explosion caused by too many network layers, a time convolution network recognition model with attention mechanism (TCN-Attention-HAR) was proposed. The model effectively recognizes and emphasizes the key feature information. The ability of extracting temporal features from TCN (temporal convolution network) is improved by using the appropriate size of the receiver domain. In addition, attention mechanisms are used to assign higher weights to important information, enabling models to learn and identify human activities more effectively. The performance of the Open Data Set (WISDM, PAMAP2 and USC-HAD) is improved by 1.13%, 1.83% and 0.51%, respectively, compared with other advanced models, these results clearly show that the network model presented in this paper has excellent recognition performance. In the knowledge distillation experiment, the parameters of student model are only about 0.1% of those of teacher model, and the accuracy of the model has been greatly improved, and in the WISDM data set, compared with the teacher's model, the accuracy is 0.14% higher.


Assuntos
Destilação , Atividades Humanas , Humanos , Conhecimento , Aprendizagem , Privacidade
4.
Environ Res ; 251(Pt 2): 118722, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499223

RESUMO

The key to the resource recycling of saline wastes in form of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) is to enrich mixed cultures with salt tolerance and PHA synthesis ability. However, the comparison of saline sludge from different sources and the salt tolerance mechanisms of salt-tolerant PHA producers need to be clarified. In this study, three kinds of activated sludge from different salinity environments were selected as the inoculum to enrich salt-tolerant PHA producers under aerobic dynamic feeding (ADF) mode with butyric acid dominated mixed volatile fatty acid as the substrate. The maximum PHA content (PHAm) reached 0.62 ± 0.01, 0.62 ± 0.02, and 0.55 ± 0.03 g PHA/g VSS at salinity of 0.5%, 0.8%, and 1.8%, respectively. Microbial community analysis indicated that Thauera, Paracoccus, and Prosthecobacter were dominant salt-tolerant PHA producers at low salinity, Thauera, NS9_marine, and SM1A02 were dominant salt-tolerant PHA producers at high salinity. High salinity and ADF mode had synergistic effects on selection and enrichment of salt-tolerant PHA producers. Combined correlation network with redundancy analysis indicated that trehalose synthesis genes and betaine related genes had positive correlation with PHAm, while extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) content had negative correlation with PHAm. The compatible solutes accumulation and EPS secretion were the main salt tolerance mechanisms of the PHA producers. Therefore, adding compatible solutes is an effective strategy to improve PHA synthesis in saline environment.

5.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 91, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378646

RESUMO

Pyroptosis plays a crucial role in sepsis, and the abnormal handling of myocyte calcium (Ca2+) has been associated with cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. Specifically, the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 (IP3R2) is a Ca2+ release channel in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, the specific role of IP3R2 in sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) has not yet been determined. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism by which IP3R2 channel-mediated Ca2+ signaling contributes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cardiac pyroptosis. The SIC model was established in rats by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg). Cardiac dysfunction was assessed using echocardiography, and the protein expression of relevant signaling pathways was analyzed using ELISA, RT-qPCR, and western blot. Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) and an inhibitor were used to explore the role of IP3R2 in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) stimulated by LPS in vitro. LPS-induced NLRP3 overexpression and GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis in the rats' heart. Treatment with the NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950 alleviated LPS-induced cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. Furthermore, LPS increased ATP-induced intracellular Ca2+ release and IP3R2 expression in NRCMs. Inhibiting IP3R activity with xestospongin C (XeC) or knocking down IP3R2 reversed LPS-induced intracellular Ca2+ release. Additionally, inhibiting IP3R2 reversed LPS-induced pyroptosis by suppressing the NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD pathway. We also found that ER stress and IP3R2-mediated Ca2+ release mutually regulated each other, contributing to cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. IP3R2 promotes NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis by regulating ER Ca2+ release, and the mutual regulation of IP3R2 and ER stress further promotes LPS-induced pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes.

6.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 53(1): e13008, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38230833

RESUMO

Telocytes (TCs) are distinctive interstitial cells due to their characteristic structures and heterogeneity. They are suggested to participate in tissue repair/regeneration. TCs have been identified in many organs of various mammals. However, data on TCs in lower animals are still very limited. In this work, TCs were identified in the myocardium of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) by light and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The structural relationships between TCs and neighbouring cell types were measured using the ImageJ (FiJi) morphometric software. TCs with slender Tps (telepodes) were located around cardiomyocytes (CMC). TEM revealed TCs with long Tps in the stroma between CMC. The homocellular tight junctions were observed between the Tps. The Tps were also very close to the neighbouring CMC. The distance between Tps and CMC was 0.15 ± 0.08 µm. Notably, Tps were observed to adhere to the periphery of the satellite cells. The Tps and the satellite cells established heterocellular structural connections by tight junctions. Additionally, Tps were frequently observed in close proximity to mast cells (MCs). The distance between the Tps and the MCs was 0.19 ± 0.09 µm. These results confirmed that TCs are present in the myocardium of the bullfrog, and that TCs established structural relationships with neighbouring cell types, including satellite cells and MCs. These findings provide the anatomical evidence to support the note that TCs are involved in tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos , Telócitos , Animais , Rana catesbeiana , Miocárdio , Telócitos/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/veterinária , Mamíferos
7.
Anal Chem ; 96(5): 1913-1921, 2024 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266028

RESUMO

2D nanosheets (NSs) have been widely used in drug-related applications. However, a comprehensive investigation into the cytotoxicity mechanism linked to the redox activity is lacking. In this study, with cytochrome c (Cyt c) as the model biospecies, the cytotoxicity of 2D NSs was evaluated systematically based on their redox effect with microfluidic techniques. The interface interaction, dissolution, and redox effect of 2D NSs on Cyt c were monitored with pulsed streaming potential (SP) measurement and capillary electrophoresis (CE). The relationship between the redox activity of 2D NSs and the function of Cyt c was evaluated in vitro with Hela cells. The results indicated that the dissolution and redox activity of 2D NSs can be simultaneously monitored with CE under weak interface interactions and at low sample volumes. Both WS2 NSs and MoS2 NSs can reduce Cyt c without significant dissolution, with reduction rates measured at 6.24 × 10-5 M for WS2 NSs and 3.76 × 10-5 M for MoS2 NSs. Furthermore, exposure to 2D NSs exhibited heightened reducibility, which prompted more pronounced alterations associated with Cyt c dysfunction, encompassing ATP synthesis, modifications in mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased reactive oxygen species production. These observations suggest a positive correlation between the redox activity of 2D NSs and their redox toxicity in Hela cells. These findings provide valuable insight into the redox properties of 2D NSs regarding cytotoxicity and offer the possibility to modify the 2D NSs to reduce their redox toxicity for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Citocromos c , Molibdênio , Humanos , Células HeLa , Oxirredução
8.
IEEE J Biomed Health Inform ; 28(4): 2223-2234, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38285570

RESUMO

Preterm birth is the leading cause of death in children under five years old, and is associated with a wide sequence of complications in both short and long term. In view of rapid neurodevelopment during the neonatal period, preterm neonates may exhibit considerable functional alterations compared to term ones. However, the identified functional alterations in previous studies merely achieve moderate classification performance, while more accurate functional characteristics with satisfying discrimination ability for better diagnosis and therapeutic treatment is underexplored. To address this problem, we propose a novel brain structural connectivity (SC) guided Vision Transformer (SCG-ViT) to identify functional connectivity (FC) differences among three neonatal groups: preterm, preterm with early postnatal experience, and term. Particularly, inspired by the neuroscience-derived information, a novel patch token of SC/FC matrix is defined, and the SC matrix is then adopted as an effective mask into the ViT model to screen out input FC patch embeddings with weaker SC, and to focus on stronger ones for better classification and identification of FC differences among the three groups. The experimental results on multi-modal MRI data of 437 neonatal brains from publicly released Developing Human Connectome Project (dHCP) demonstrate that SCG-ViT achieves superior classification ability compared to baseline models, and successfully identifies holistically different FC patterns among the three groups. Moreover, these different FCs are significantly correlated with the differential gene expressions of the three groups. In summary, SCG-ViT provides a powerfully brain-guided pipeline of adopting large-scale and data-intensive deep learning models for medical imaging-based diagnosis.


Assuntos
Conectoma , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pré-Escolar , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Conectoma/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica
9.
RSC Adv ; 14(3): 1813-1821, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192308

RESUMO

Carbon quantum dots (CQDs), as a new type of fluorescent nanomaterial, are widely used in the detection of small molecules. Abnormal dopamine secretion can lead to diseases such as Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. Therefore, it is highly significant to detect dopamine levels in the human body. Using discarded fruit peels to prepare carbon quantum dots can achieve the reuse of kitchen waste, reduce pollution, and create value. Nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) were prepared using the hydrothermal method, with orange peel as the raw material. The fluorescence quantum yield of N-CQDs reached a high value of 35.37% after optimizing the temperature, reaction time, and ethylenediamine dosage. N-CQDs were characterized using various techniques, including ultraviolet visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectrophotometer (PL), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). These analyses confirmed the successful doping of nitrogen in the CQDs. The DA concentration ranged from 0 to 300 µmol L-1, and the linear equation for fluorescence quenching of N-CQDs was F/F0 = -0.0056c + 0.98647, with an R2 value of 0.99071. The detection limit was 0.168 µmol L-1. The recovery and precision of dopamine in rabbit serum were 98% to 103% and 2% to 6%, respectively. The prepared N-CQDs could be used as a fluorescent probe to effectively detect DA.

10.
Small ; : e2310970, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243848

RESUMO

Hypergolicity is a highly desired characteristic for hybrid rocket engine-based fuels because it eliminates the need for a separate ignition system. Introducing hypergolic additives into conventional fuels through physical mixing is a feasible approach, but achieving highly reliable hypergolic ignition and energy release remains a major challenge. Here, the construction of core-shell Al@metal organic framework (MOF) heterostructures is reported as high-performance solid hypergolic propellants. Upon contact with the liquid oxidizer the uniformly distributed hypergolic MOF (Ag-MOF) shell can induce the ignition of hypergolic-inert fuel Al, resulting in Al combustion. Such a synthetic strategy is demonstrated to be favorable in hotspot generation and heat transfer relative to a simple physical mixture of Al/Ag-MOF, thus producing shorter ignition delay times and more efficient combustion. Thermal reactivity study indicated that the functionalization of the Ag-MOF shell changes the energy release process of the inner Al, which is accompanied by a thermite reaction. The synergistic effect of implantation of hypergolic MOF and high energy Al contributes to high specific impulses of 230-270 s over a wide range of oxidizer-to-fuel ratios.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 394: 130204, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104663

RESUMO

The production of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) by mixed microbial culture (MMC) can reduce the pollution of plastics. Ecophysiological study of the microbial community assembly and succession is helpful for comprehensive understanding the MMC PHA production process. The operation mode of sequential aerobic dynamic discharge - aerobic dynamic feeding (ADD-ADF) was applied and the operation can be divided into acclimation phase and maturation phase. Deterministic process caused by selective pressure dominated the community assembly throughout the operation. In the acclimation phase, the physical selective pressure recovered the settling capacity of the system, and settling ability of the MMC was closely related to function of PHA synthesis. However, in the maturation phase, stochastic process caused sludge bulking, making the settling ability and PHA synthesis function of the MMC independent on each other. Stochastic process led to the succession of the dominant PHA-producing bacteria, for example, the predation of Paracoccus and Thauera by Bdellovibrio.


Assuntos
Bdellovibrio , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos , Animais , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos/metabolismo , Bdellovibrio/metabolismo , Comportamento Predatório , Fermentação , Esgotos
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 659: 21-30, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38157723

RESUMO

Lithium metal is an attractive and promising anode material due to its high energy density and low working potential. However, the uncontrolled growth of lithium dendrites during repeated plating and stripping processes hinders the practical application of lithium metal batteries, leading to low Coulombic efficiency, poor lifespan, and safety concerns. In this study, we synthesized highly lithiophilic and conductive Ag nanoparticles decorated on SiO2 nanospheres to construct an optimized lithium host for promoting uniform Li deposition. The Ag nanoparticles not only act as lithiophilic sites but also provide high electrical conductivity to the Ag@SiO2@Ag anode. Additionally, the SiO2 layer serves as a lithiophilic nucleation agent, ensuring homogeneous lithium deposition and suppressing the growth of lithium dendrites. Theoretical calculations further confirm that the combination of Ag nanoparticles and SiO2 effectively enhances the adsorption ability of Ag@SiO2@Ag with Li+ ions compared to pure Ag and SiO2 materials. As a result, the Ag@SiO2@Ag coating, with its balanced lithiophilicity and conductivity, demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance, including high Coulombic efficiency, low polarization voltage, and long cycle life. In a full lithium metal cell with LiFePO4 cathode, the Ag@SiO2@Ag anode exhibits a high capacity of 133.1 and 121.4 mAh/g after 200 cycles at rates of 0.5 and 1C, respectively. These results highlight the synergistic coupling of lithiophilicity and conductivity in the Ag@SiO2@Ag coating, providing valuable insights into the field of lithiophilic chemistry and its potential for achieving high-performance batteries in the next generation.

13.
Entropy (Basel) ; 25(12)2023 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38136487

RESUMO

Deep learning is one of the most exciting and promising techniques in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), which drives AI applications to be more intelligent and comprehensive. However, existing deep learning techniques usually require a large amount of expensive labeled data, which limit the application and development of deep learning techniques, and thus it is imperative to study unsupervised machine learning. The learning of deep representations by mutual information estimation and maximization (Deep InfoMax or DIM) method has achieved unprecedented results in the field of unsupervised learning. However, in the DIM method, to restrict the encoder to learn more normalized feature representations, an adversarial network learning method is used to make the encoder output consistent with a priori positively distributed data. As we know, the model training of the adversarial network learning method is difficult to converge, because there is a logarithmic function in the loss function of the cross-entropy measure, and the gradient of the model parameters is susceptible to the "gradient explosion" or "gradient disappearance" phenomena, which makes the training of the DIM method extremely unstable. In this regard, we propose a Wasserstein distance-based DIM method to solve the stability problem of model training, and our method is called the WDIM. Subsequently, the training stability of the WDIM method and the classification ability of unsupervised learning are verified on the CIFAR10, CIFAR100, and STL10 datasets. The experiments show that our proposed WDIM method is more stable to parameter updates, has faster model convergence, and at the same time, has almost the same accuracy as the DIM method on the classification task of unsupervised learning. Finally, we also propose a reflection of future research for the WDIM method, aiming to provide a research idea and direction for solving the image classification task with unsupervised learning.

14.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 41(8): 1395-1402, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37842864

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is one of the foremost common cancers in women. Lactoferrin (LF) has many biological functions, such as antitumor. This study aimed to explore the regulatory effect of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) on the proliferation and apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells and to clarify the potential mechanism of action of bLF against HeLa cells. This study used CCK-8, Trypan blue staining, and colony formation assays to verify the effect of bLF on HeLa cell proliferation. Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, AO/EB staining, and western blotting were used to determine the effects of bLF on apoptosis and autophagy in HeLa cells. We discovered that bLF significantly reduced the proliferation of HeLa cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner compared to the control group. Furthermore, bLF primarily induced apoptosis in HeLa cells by increasing the expression of the proapoptotic proteins p53, Bax, and Cleaved-caspase-3 and downregulating the expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2. In addition, the present study also showed that bLF treatment significantly activated autophagy-related proteins LC3B-II and Beclin I and down regulated the autophagosome transporter protein p62, indicating that bLF treatment can induce autophagy in HeLa cells. After pretreatment with the autophagy inhibitor, 3-MA, which markedly found that autophagy inhibition by 3-MA reversed bLF-induced apoptosis, indicating that bLF can induce apoptosis by activating intracellular autophagy in HeLa cells. In the present study, our results support the theory of bLF significantly inhibited the proliferation of Hela cells by promoting apoptosis and reinforcing autophagy. The study will play an important role in therapying cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Lactoferrina , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Apoptose , Autofagia , Proliferação de Células , Células HeLa , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Lactoferrina/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Bovinos , Animais
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(73): 10968-10971, 2023 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37609958

RESUMO

Herein, an oxygen defect-modulated zinc oxide sonosensitizer is designed, which enhances the absorbance of ultrasound energy and suppresses the recombination of ultrasound-initiated electrons and holes to promote reactive oxygen species yield. It achieves a high tumor inhibition efficiency of 79.9%, which exhibits a potential application for sonodynamic cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Óxido de Zinco , Oxigênio , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Elétrons , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Molecules ; 28(15)2023 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37570888

RESUMO

The emergence and fast development of carbon dots (CDs) provide an unprecedented opportunity for applications in the field of photoelectricity, but their practicability still suffers from complicated synthesis procedures and the substrate dependence of solid-state fluorescence. In this study, we design a unique microwave-assisted solid-phase synthesis route for preparing tunable fluorescent CD powders with yellow, orange, and red fluorescence (Y-CDs, O-CDs, R-CDs) by simply adjusting the mass ratio of reactants, a method which is suitable for the large-scale synthesis of CDs. The Y-/O-/R-CDs were systematically characterized using physics and spectroscopy techniques. Based on the perfect solid-state fluorescence performance of the proposed fluorescent CD powders, the Y-/O-/R-CDs were successfully applied for the construction of multi-color and white light-emitting diode devices at low cost. Furthermore, the Y-CDs displayed much higher yield and luminous efficiency than the O-CDs and R-CDs and were further used for fingerprint identification on the surfaces of glass sheets and tinfoil. In addition, the R-CD aqueous solution fluorescence is sensitive to pH, suggesting its use as a pH indicator for monitoring intracellular pH fluctuations. The proposed series of fluorescent powders composed of CDs may herald a new era in the application of optical components and criminal investigation fields.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(13)2023 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37444900

RESUMO

Polymer nanocomposites, which combine the advantages of polymers and fillers, are widely used in the field of automobile and aviation. Polyimine (PI) is an emerging thermoset material with remarkable properties, such as malleability, recyclability, and self-healing. Silicon carbide nano-whiskers (SiCw), as a cheap and high-hardness filler material, are chosen to enhance the properties of polyimine matrix. Silicon carbide nano-whisker-reinforced polyimine (PI-SiCw) nanocomposites were successfully fabricated by heat pressing, which was confirmed by FTIR and XPS tests. According to the results of mechanical tests, the mechanical properties of PI-SiCw nanocomposites were obviously improved. For example, with the addition of 0.5% SiCw, bending strength and bending elongation at break can be simultaneously increased by 33% and 148%, respectively. Surprisingly, the impact strength of PI-SiCw nanocomposites with 2% SiCw was increased by 154% compared to the matrix. SEM and EDS tests showed that the evenly distributed SiCw in the polyimine matrix enhanced the mechanical properties of PI-SiCw nanocomposites according to the mechanism of whiskers pulling out and the bridging principle. According to the TGA test results, the PI composites with SiCw retain a higher weight percentage at 800 °C. The reason was the combined effect of the good thermal stability of SiCw and their strong interactions with the PI matrix. As a result, introducing SiCw into the PI matrix imparts a slight improvement in thermal stability. This article presents an avenue of cost-effective research to enhance the mechanical properties of polyimine composites.

18.
Entropy (Basel) ; 25(5)2023 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37238565

RESUMO

Federated learning protects the privacy information in the data set by sharing the average gradient. However, "Deep Leakage from Gradient" (DLG) algorithm as a gradient-based feature reconstruction attack can recover privacy training data using gradients shared in federated learning, resulting in private information leakage. However, the algorithm has the disadvantages of slow model convergence and poor inverse generated images accuracy. To address these issues, a Wasserstein distance-based DLG method is proposed, named WDLG. The WDLG method uses Wasserstein distance as the training loss function achieved to improve the inverse image quality and the model convergence. The hard-to-calculate Wasserstein distance is converted to be calculated iteratively using the Lipschit condition and Kantorovich-Rubinstein duality. Theoretical analysis proves the differentiability and continuity of Wasserstein distance. Finally, experiment results show that the WDLG algorithm is superior to DLG in training speed and inversion image quality. At the same time, we prove through the experiments that differential privacy can be used for disturbance protection, which provides some ideas for the development of a deep learning framework to protect privacy.

19.
Ann Transl Med ; 11(5): 210, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37007553

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the common and severe complications in diabetic patients, mainly caused by the interaction of various factors such as peripheral neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, and infection. Moreover, vascular damage, disorder of tissue cells, decreased expression level of neurotrophic factor, and decreased growth factor caused by long-term exposure to a high glucose environment can also lead to prolonged or incomplete wound healing. This imposes a tremendous financial burden on the patients' family and society. Although various innovative techniques and drugs have been developed to treat DFU, the therapeutic effect is still unsatisfactory. Methods: We filtered and downloaded the single-cell dataset of diabetic patients from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) website and used the Seurat package in R for creation of single-cell objects, integration, control of quality, clustering, cell type identification, differential gene analysis, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, and intercellular communication analysis. Results: Diabetic healing-related differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis showed that there were 1,948 differential genes between tissue stem cells in healing and non-healing wounds, of which 1,198 genes were up-regulated and 685 genes were down-regulated. The results of GO functional enrichment analysis in tissue stem cells showed that they were closely related to wound healing. The CCL2-ACKR1 signaling pathway activity in tissue stem cells influenced the biological activity of endothelial cell subpopulation, which ultimately promoted the healing of DFU wounds. Conclusions: The CCL2-ACKR1 axis is closely associated with DFU healing.

20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(6)2023 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36986006

RESUMO

Titanium and its alloys are widely used in high-end manufacturing fields. However, their low high-temperature oxidation resistance has limited their further application. Recently, laser alloying processing has attracted researchers to improve the surface properties of Ti, for which Ni coated graphite system is an excellent prospect due to its outstanding properties and metallurgical bonding between coating and substrate. In this paper, nanoscaled rare earth oxide Nd2O3 addition was added to Ni coated graphite laser alloying materials to research its influence on the microstructure and high-temperature oxidation resistance of the coating. The results proved that nano-Nd2O3 has an outstanding effect on refining coating microstructures, thus the high-temperature oxidation resistance was improved. Furthermore, with the addition of 1. 5 wt.% nano-Nd2O3, more NiO formed in the oxide film, which effectively strengthened the protective effect of the film. After 100 h of 800 °C oxidation, the oxidation weight gain per unit area of the normal coating was 14.571 mg/cm2, while that of the coating with nano-Nd2O3 addition was 6.244 mg/cm2, further proving that the addition of nano-Nd2O3 substantially improved the high-temperature oxidation properties of the coating.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...