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JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440


Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.

AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 682: 97-103, 2023 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37804593


Due to its complex pathological mechanisms, bone cancer pain (BCP) has become an increasingly challenging clinical issue, there is an urgent need to identify the underlying mechanisms of BCP. In our present study, we found that decreased expression of miR-199a-3p in spinal dorsal horn (SDH) neurons contributed to BCP hypersensitivity. Intrathecal administration of miR-199a-3p agomir alleviated the initiation of tumor inoculation induced pain hypersensitivity and suppressed the expression of DNMT3A. Subsequently, luciferase assays confirmed direct binding between miR-199a-3p and Dnmt3a mRNA. AAV-DNMT3A-shRNA microinjection relieved mechanical hyperalgesia and upregulated the expression of Nrf2 levels in BCP. In naïve rats, Overexpression of DNMT3A yielded the opposite effects. Finally, increase of DNMT3A by lentiviral vector abolished miR-199a-3p-mediated alleviation hypersensitivity effects on BCP progression. Taken these together, our findings highlighted a novel contribution of miR-199a-3p to BCP and provided a fresh outlook on potential mechanism research for BCP.

Neoplasias Ósseas , Dor do Câncer , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Ratos , Animais , Dor do Câncer/genética , Dor do Câncer/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Dor/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Células do Corno Posterior/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969231189172, 2023 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37545350


Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) with TFCP2 rearrangement has been identified recently. This entity has a distinctive clinicopathologic features: a rapidly aggressive clinical course, a preference for the craniofacial bones, a spindle and epithelioid histomorphology, and positive immunohistochemistry for epithelial markers, ALK, and myogenic markers. RMS with TFCP2 rearrangement is rare and may be misdiagnosed as other spindle cell tumors. Here, we report a case of this entity arising in the mandible, which was initially diagnosed as ossifying fibroma in primary tumor in another hospital. A 26-year-old man presented with a recurred mass in the mandible for 1 month after the operation of mandibular tumor. The first excisional specimen was initially diagnosed as ossifying fibroma in another hospital. Histopathologic examination revealed the tumor with a hybrid spindle cell and epithelioid cytomorphology, spindle cells and spindle-to-epithelioid cells with eosinophilic and rich cytoplasm, with high-grade features, prominent nucleoli and some atypical mitosis. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positivity for desmin, MYOD1, pan-keratin, ALK (5A4), ALK (D5F3). Based on the morphology and immunophenotype, molecular studies were performed, which revealed a FUS::TFCP2 fusion transcript, confirming the diagnosis of Rhabdomyosarcoma with FUS::TFCP2 fusion. Making a correct diagnosis is primarily dependent on awareness by the pathologist of this rare subtype of RMS and careful histopathological evaluation, supported by immunohistochemical and molecular analysis, to avoid potential diagnostic pitfalls.

Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 2895-2901, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218844


Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-associated mortality in China with 85% of patients having non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identifying NSCLC driver genes and prognostic markers is critical to reducing these numbers. The studies of retinoblastoma binding protein 6 (RBBP6) performed on NSCLC is limited. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular function and the prognostic potential of RBBP6 in NSCLC using the A549 cell line and patient samples, respectively. The functional effect on cancer cell proliferation and prognostic value of RBBP6 were examined in vitro and in vivo using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and xenograft implantation. The results demonstrated that RBBP6 mRNA expression was significantly higher in NSCLC tissues compared with in adjacent normal samples. When RBBP6 mRNA expression was interfered with using short hairpin RNA, A549 cell proliferation and xenograft tumor growth were reduced. Additionally, IHC and survival analysis demonstrated that patients with NSCLC with high expression levels of RBBP6 had a shorter median overall survival time compared with patients with low RBBP6 expression (31 vs. 51.5 months), and this was more prominent in stage I-II patients (43 vs. >67 months). High expression levels of RBBP6 indicated poor prognosis in patients with NSCLC. This may be due to the ability of RBBP6 to promote cancer cell proliferation. RBBP6 may be a potential prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target for NSCLC.

Cell Physiol Biochem ; 43(5): 2133-2142, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065410


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neurotensin (NTS), an intestinal hormone, is profoundly implicated in cancer progression through binding its primary receptor NTSR1. The conserved Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway regulates cell proliferation and differentiation via activation of the ß-catenin/T-cell factor (TCF) complex and subsequent modulation of a set of target genes. In this study, we aimed to uncover the potential connection between NTS/NTSR1 signaling and Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. METHODS: Genetic silencing, pharmacological inhibition and gain-of-function studies as well as bioinformatic analysis were performed to uncover the link between NTS/ NTSR1 signaling and Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. Two inhibitors were used in vivo to evaluate the efficiency of targeting NTS/NTSR1 signaling or Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. RESULTS: We found that NTS/NTSR1 induced the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and the NF-κB pathway, which further promoted the expression of Wnt proteins, including Wnt1, Wnt3a and Wnt5a. Meanwhile, the mRNA and protein expression levels of NTSR1 were increased by the Wnt pathway activator Wnt3a and decreased by the Wnt inhibitor iCRT3 in glioblastoma cells. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of NTS/NTSR1 or Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling suppressed tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: These results reveal a positive feedback loop between NTS/NTSR1 and Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling in glioblastoma cells that might be important for tumor development and provide potential therapeutic targets for glioblastoma.

Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Receptores de Neurotensina/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/fisiologia , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Glioblastoma/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos SCID , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptores de Neurotensina/genética , Proteínas Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética
Lung Cancer ; 95: 39-43, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27040850


OBJECTIVES: The rearrangement of echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-analplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells might be a promising therapeutic target. However, the low positive rate seeks a reliable and cost-effective method for ALK rearrangement prescreening. This study aimed to evaluate the application of a novel primary antibody 1A4 for routine ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary antibody 1A4 and D5F3 were used for the screening of 595 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of consecutive patients with lung adenocarcinoma for ALK-positive candidates. Ventana detection system and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were used as reference methods. RESULTS: Among 595 cases, the protein expression statuses of 1A4 were 3+ (18), 2+ (50), 1+ (153), and 0+ (374), and those of D5F3 were 3+ (17), 2+ (18), 1+ (20), and 0+ (540). Ventana detection system and FISH test results were successfully obtained from 482 cases. A total of 298 specimens with 1A4 (-) showed 100% concordance with standard FISH results. All 58 FISH (+) cases were identified by antibody 1A4. Meanwhile, 14 and 5 were missed by antibody D5F3 with routine IHC and Ventana system, respectively. 1A4 with routine IHC had better sensitivity (100%, 75.9%, and 91.4%, respectively), but lower specificity (70.3%, 99.8%, and 100%, respectively), than D5F3 with routine IHC and Ventana system. CONCLUSION: The novel antibody 1A4 used as a prescreening method may help to reduce the false-negative rearranged ALK status if FISH or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction results were used for validation.

Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Rearranjo Gênico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico , Anticorpos , Biópsia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem