Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.282
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472846

RESUMO

Composites based on a shape-memory polymer doped with conductive particles are considered as soft actuators for artificial muscles and robots. Low-voltage actuating is expected to reduce equipment requirement and safety hazards, which requires a highly conductive particle content but weakens the reversible deformation. The spatial distribution of the conductive particle is key to decreasing the actuating voltage and maintaining the reversible deformation. Herein, an approach of fabricating a low-voltage actuator that can perform various biomimetic locomotions by spraying and hot pressing is reported. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are enriched inside the surface layer of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) to form a high-density conductive network without degradation of the reversible deformation. The bilayer CNT/EVA actuator exhibits a reversible transformation of more than 10% even with 100 cycles, which requires an applied voltage of just 15 V. Taking advantage of the reprogrammability of the CNT/EVA actuator and reversible shift between the different shapes, different biomimetic locomotions (sample actuator, gripper, and walking robot) are demonstrated without any additional mechanical components. A scheme combining the electrical properties and the shape-memory effect provides a versatile strategy to fabricate low-voltage-actuated polymeric actuators, providing inspiration in the development of electrical soft actuators and biomimetic devices.

2.
J Clin Neurosci ; 92: 89-97, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509269

RESUMO

The involvement of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) has been indicated in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), while the mechanism is not well characterized. This study estimated the mechanism of Dex in POCD. Rats were anesthetized with sevoflurane (SEV) to evoke POCD and then subjected to Morris water maze test to detect the cognitive and behavioral function. Then, the damage of hippocampus and cortex, and apoptosis and activity of neurons were examined. Microarray analysis was performed to screen out the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRs) in rats after Dex treatment. The cognitive and behavioral functions and neuronal activity of rats were detected after miR-129 antagomir injection. The target of miR-129 was predicted. The levels of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 in hippocampus and cortex were measured. Dex treatment alleviated SEV-induced behavior and cognitive impairments in rats, promoted neuronal activity and hindered neuronal apoptosis. After treatment with Dex, miR-129 expression was elevated in brain tissues, and the neuroprotection of Dex on POCD rats was partially annulled after injection of miR-129 antagomir. Furthermore, miR-129 targeted TLR4 and prevented the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65. In summary, Dex ameliorated SEV-induced POCD by elevating miR-129 and inhibiting TLR4 and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation. This study may shed new lights on POCD treatment.

3.
Eur J Radiol ; 143: 109938, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488010

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diffuse hyperintensities of the bone marrow in whole-body diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging (DWI) have been encountered more frequently in females aged 21-50 compared to elder females or men. Therefore, we aimed to visually evaluate DWI among pre-, peri- and postmenopausal women and to verify whether it correlates also quantitatively with hormonal status. METHOD: The prospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was obtained in a total of 70 healthy premenopausal, perimenopausal, and postmenopausal women aged 40-58 years from February 2017 to October 2017. The bone marrow DW imaging signal characteristics were visually evaluated in comparison to the erector spinae muscle. Imaging data were acquired using a 1.5 T MRI yielding signal intensity values from a DWI-pulse sequence (b-value of 800 s/mm2; apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps from b-values of 0-800 s/mm2), and a T2 mapping sequence covering the L2-L4 lumbar vertebrae. Serous estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured through venous blood assay. The relationship of the mean DW signal intensity (SIDWI) with T2 values, female hormone level, and mean ADC were analyzed using Spearman's rho test. RESULTS: The proportion of diffuse DWI hyperintensities of the bone marrow was significantly higher in premenopausal (91% (21/23)) women compared to peri- (75% (18/24)) and postmenopausal (8% (2/23)) women. A positive correlation was observed for the mean SIDWI (median [interquartile range], 47.33 [30.14]) and mean T2 (mean ± SD, 121.01 ± 13.54) (r = 0.438, p < 0.001) as well as for the mean SIDWI and E2 (median [interquartile range], 52.45 [92.78]) (r = 0.407, p < 0.001). A negative correlation was observed for the mean SIDWI and serous FSH (median [interquartile range], 15.55 [42.08]) as well as for the mean SIDWI and serous LH (median [interquartile range], 6.96 [31.06]) (r = -0.557, p < 0.001; r = -0.535, p < 0.001; respectively), but no significant correlation was found for mean SIDWI and mean ADC (mean ± SD, 599.36 ± 82.70) (r = 0.099, p = 0.415). A negative correlation was also encountered for the mean T2 values and serous FSH (r = -0.339, p = 0.004) as well as for the mean T2 values and serous LH (r = -0.281, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: The mean SIDWI correlates positively with mean T2 and serous E2 values, while there's no significant correlation with mean ADC, indicating that T2 shine-through effects might interfere with bone marrow signaling on DW images. Knowledge of the bone marrow signal characteristics changing in DW images in close relationship with menstrual status is essential to correctly interpret DWI in clinical practice.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112749, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488142

RESUMO

The effects of long-term rare earth element (REE) and heavy metal (HM) contamination on soil bacterial communities remains poorly understood. In this study, soil samples co-contaminated with REEs and HMs were collected from a rare-earth tailing dam. The bacterial community composition and diversity were analyzed through Illumina high-throughput sequencing with 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Bacterial community richness and diversity were lower in the co-contaminated soils than in the uncontaminated soils, with clearly different bacterial community compositions. The results showed that total organic carbon and available potassium were the most important factors affecting bacterial community richness and diversity, followed by the REE and HM contents. Although the canonical correspondence analysis results showed that an REE alone had no obvious effects on bacterial community structures, we found that the combined effects of soil physicochemical properties and REE and HM contents regulated bacterial community structure and composition. The effects of REEs and HMs on bacterial communities were similar, whereas their combined contributions were greater than the individual effects of REEs or HMs. Some bacterial taxa were worth noting. These specifically included the plant growth-promoting bacteria Exiguobacterium (sensitive to REEs and HMs) and oligotrophic microorganisms with metal tolerance (prevalent in contaminated soil); moreover, relative abundance of JTB255-Marine Benthic Group, Rhodobacteraceae, Erythrobacter, and Truepera may be correlated with REEs. This study was the first to investigate the responses of bacterial communities to REE and HM co-contamination. The current results have major implications for the ecological risk assessment of environments co-contaminated with REEs and HMs.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114617, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509605

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Berberine(BBR) is a kind of isoquinoline alkaloids extracted from the rhizomes of Coptis chinensis Franch., which was the main active ingredient. Accumulating evidence has shown that it has potential pharmacological effects in preventing the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. AIM OF THE STUDY: The roles of BBR in the overall recurrence of colorectal adenoma have still not been assessed because of the limitations of the available data and the restriction of a single study. Therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness and safety of BBR in preventing the recurrence of colorectal adenomas through a systematic review and meta-analysis of available data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched four English databases (PubMed (MEDLINE), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Embase and Web of Science) and four Chinese language databases (Chinese Biomedicine (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) and the WanFang Database) from their inception through October 2020. Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan5.3 software after data extraction and the quality of studies assessment. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled clinical trials were included with 1076 patients. Our results illustrated that 1-year and 2-year supplementation with BBR was associated with lower recurrence rate of colorectal adenoma (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.84, p=0.0001; RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.64 to 0.88, p=0.0004). The relative risk of oral BBR for 1 year and 2 years is not comparable, for 2-year efficacy outcomes were assessed in all participants who had at least one colonoscopy with pathological evaluation after baseline (lots of participants completed the first colonoscopy but discontinued during the second follow-up interval.). Moreover, the results also suggest that BBR had more adverse events than placebo (RR 2.91, 95% CI 1.24 to 6.85, p=0.01). Through the full-text reading, no serious adverse events were observed, and constipation was the most common event which disappears once the drug is discontinued. CONCLUSION: Generally, the present study indicated that BBR has a comparable therapeutic effect on the prevention of colorectal adenomas recurrence. Adverse reactions are worthy of attention which requires additional studies to obtain a precise conclusion. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NO: CRD42020209135.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17579, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475467

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its related factors among urban adults aged 35 to 79 years in Southwestern China. From September 2013 to March 2014, a multi-stage sampling was conducted, and a total of 10,221 people aged 35-79 years living in Chengdu and Chongqing were included. More than 30 investigators were trained in data collection, including questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and blood biomarkers testing. The prevalence of high triglycerides (≥ 2.3 mmol/L), high total cholesterol (≥ 6.2 mmol/L), high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (≥ 4.1 mmol/L), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (< 1.0 mmol/L), and dyslipidemia were 15.7% (95% confidence interval, 15.0-16.4%), 5.4% (4.9-5.8%), 2.5% (2.2-2.8%), 5.7% (5.3-6.2%), and 27.4% (26.5-28.2%), respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was positively correlated with higher education level, monthly income over 2000 CNY, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, overweight and obesity, and central obesity, and negatively correlated with daily physical exercise. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in Southwestern China is lower than the national average level, with high triglycerides being the most common form of dyslipidemia.

7.
Cartilage ; : 19476035211044820, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to observe the effect of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes on apoptosis in spontaneous knee osteoarthritis (OA) in guinea pigs. DESIGN: Fifty 2-month-old female Hartley guinea pigs were divided into a normal group (10 animals, all euthanized after 7 months) and an OA group (40 animals, 10 of which were euthanized after 10 months). Immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to evaluate autophagy levels, intracellular glycogen accumulation and apoptosis in tibial plateau chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. The remaining 30 guinea pigs in the OA group were divided into 3 groups: a rapamycin group, a normal saline group, and a 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. Intracellular glycogen accumulation and chondrocyte apoptosis were assessed by altering the level of autophagy in chondrocytes in vivo. RESULTS: When spontaneous OA occurred in guinea pigs, autophagy levels in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, while intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis increased. After enhancing the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes in guinea pigs with OA, intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis decreased, while inhibiting autophagy had the opposite effects. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the function of autophagy in chondrocytes may at least partly involve the catabolism of glycogen. In guinea pigs with OA, the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, and chondrocytes were unable to degrade intracellular glycogen into glucose, leading to less energy for chondrocytes and increased apoptosis.

8.
Genome Med ; 13(1): 146, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinomas (EBVaGCs) present unique molecular signatures, but the tumorigenesis of EBVaGCs and the role EBV plays during this process remain poorly understood. METHODS: We applied whole-exome sequencing, EBV genome sequencing, and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing to multiple samples (n = 123) derived from the same patients (n = 25), which covered saliva samples and different histological stages from morphologically normal epithelial tissues to dysplasia and EBVaGCs. We compared the genomic landscape between EBVaGCs and their precursor lesions and traced the clonal evolution for each patient. We also analyzed genome sequences of EBV from samples of different histological types. Finally, the key molecular events promoting the tumor evolution were demonstrated by MTT, IC50, and colony formation assay in vitro experiments and in vivo xenograft experiments. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed increasing mutational burden and EBV load from normal tissues and low-grade dysplasia (LD) to high-grade dysplasia (HD) and EBVaGCs, and oncogenic amplifications occurred late in EBVaGCs. Interestingly, within each patient, EBVaGCs and HDs were monoclonal and harbored single-strain-originated EBV, but saliva or normal tissues/LDs had different EBV strains from that in EBVaGCs. Compared with precursor lesions, tumor cells showed incremental methylation in promotor regions, whereas EBV presented consistent hypermethylation. Dominant alterations targeting the PI3K-Akt and Wnt pathways were found in EBV-infected cells. The combinational inhibition of these two pathways in EBV-positive tumor cells confirmed their synergistic function. CONCLUSIONS: We portrayed the (epi) genomic evolution process of EBVaGCs, revealed the extensive genomic diversity of EBV between tumors and normal tissue sites, and demonstrated the synergistic activation of the PI3K and Wnt pathways in EBVaGCs, offering a new potential treatment strategy for this disease.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506294

RESUMO

This article systematically addresses the distributed event-triggered containment control issues for multiagent systems subjected to unknown nonlinearities and external disturbances over a directed communication topology. Novel composite distributed adaptive neural network (NN) event-triggering conditions and event-triggered controller are raised meanwhile. Furthermore, the designed event-triggered controller is updated in an aperiodic way at the moment of event sampling, which saves the computation, resources, and transmission load. On the basis of the NN-based adaptive control techniques and event-triggered control strategies, the uniform ultimate bounded containment control can be achieved. In addition, the Zeno behavior is proven to be excluded. Simulation is presented to testify the effectiveness and advantages of the presented distributed containment control scheme.

10.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105873, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500060

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease targeting the synovium. Previous studies have found that IgD may be a potential target for the treatment of RA. We designed a new type of fusion protein, hIgDFc-Ig (DG), to block the binding of IgD to IgD receptor (IgDR). In this study, we found that DG has a significant therapeutic effect in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). DG improved the claw of irritation symptoms in these mice, inhibited the pathological changes in spleen and joint tissues, and had a moderating effect on B cell subsets at different inflammatory stages. Moreover, DG could also decrease the levels of IgA, IgD, IgM and IgG subtypes of immunoglobulin in the serum of mice with CIA. In vitro, B cell antigen receptor (BCR) knockout Ramos cells were established using the CRISPR/Cas9 technology to further study the activation of BCR signalling by IgD and the effect of DG. We found that the therapeutic effect of DG in mice with CIA may be achieved by inhibiting the activation of BCR signalling by IgD, which may be related to the activation of Igß. In summary, DG may be a potential biological agent for the treatment of RA and it has broad application prospects in the future.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515469

RESUMO

Multifarious electron transport layers (ETLs), especially fullerene derivatives, have been applied in organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite (OIHP) devices owing to their superior optoelectronic properties. However, a PCBM Lewis acid molecule can only passivate the iodine-rich defect sites, which cannot solve the problem of uncoordinated Pb2+ and water oxygen erosion due to the high volatility of halide I- and the hydrophilicity of organic cation MA+. Herein, we introduce a Lewis base, TBA-Azo with an electron-donating Azo moiety, and hydrophobic long alkyl chains into the PCBM layer to form a multifunctional bulk-mixed electron transport layer (MBE). PCBM of MBE can combine with iodine-rich trap sites at the surface and grain boundaries of perovskite. TBA-Azo molecules of MBE can passivate uncoordinated Pb2+ by forming Lewis adducts and isolate water/oxygen at the perovskite surface with hydrophobic alkyl chains. It results in a decrease of trap densities with 1 order of magnitude, effectively inhibiting both bimolecular and trap-induced recombination and thus elongating the carrier lifetime. The passivation of MBE can effectively improve the open-circuit voltage from 1.05 to 1.10 V. Furthermore, three long carbon chain structures of TBA-Azo in MBE can improve the water-resistant ability of OIHP devices, which can maintain 90% of the original PCE after 500 h at the humidity of 50 ± 10%. We believe that the MBE with multifunctional defect passivation provides a strategy for simultaneously achieving high-performance and high-stability OIHP optoelectronic devices.

12.
Mutagenesis ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467992

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still one of the most common malignancies worldwide. The accuracy of biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of HCC and the therapeutic effect is not satisfactory. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation regulators play a crucial role in various tumors. Our research aims further to determine the predictive value of m6A methylation regulators and establish a prognostic model for HCC. In this study, the data of HCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was obtained, and the expression level of 15 genes and survival was examined. Then we identified two clusters of HCC with different clinical factors, constructed prognostic markers, and analyzed gene set enrichment, proteins' interaction, and gene co-expression. Three subgroups by consensus clustering according to the expression of the 13 genes were identified. The risk score generated by 5 genes divided HCC patients into high-risk and low-risk groups. In addition, we developed a prognostic marker that can identify high-risk HCC. Finally, a novel prognostic nomogram was developed to accurately predict HCC patients' prognosis. The expression levels of 13 m6A RNA methylation regulators were significantly up-regulated in HCC samples. The prognosis of cluster 1 and cluster 3 was worse. Patients in the high-risk group show a poor prognosis. Moreover, the risk score was an independent prognostic factor for HCC patients. In conclusion, we reveal the critical role of m6A RNA methylation modification in HCC and develop a predictive model based on the m6A RNA methylation regulators, which can accurately predict HCC patients' prognosis and provide meaningful guidance for clinical treatment.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519138

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dialectical behaviour therapy(DBT) has been widely used for borderline personality disorder(BPD). Existing studies are limited to behaviours such as self-harm, and the results for reducing self-harm were controversial. Few have systematically evaluated the effect of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effects of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions in patients with BPD. METHODS: RCTs on DBT for BPD were searched from PubMed, Embase, etc., and the results were performed by RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: The meta-analysis demonstrated that DBT reduced self-harming behaviours, and alleviated depression, but had a negligible effect on suicidal ideation and anger. One subgroup revealed that standard DBT improved depression significantly, but DBT skills training improved poorly. Another subgroup revealed that there was a significant reduction in depression among patients receiving DBT for 4 months to 14 months, but not at 4 months. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Findings indicate that DBT can reduce self-harming behaviours and improve depression, but effects on suicidal ideation and anger are insignificant. Subgroup analysis suggests that standard DBT and DBT-ST lasting beyond 4 months benefits on BPD. Given the quality and quantity restrictions of RCTs, more high-quality RCTs need to verify these effects.

15.
J Biol Chem ; : 101200, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537242

RESUMO

As a conserved post-translational modification, SUMOylation has been shown to play important roles in chromatin-related biological processes including transcription. However, how the SUMOylation machinery associates with chromatin is not clear. Here, we present evidence that multiple SUMOylation machinery components, including SUMO E1 proteins SAE1 and SAE2 and the PIAS (protein inhibitor of activated STAT) family SUMO E3 ligases, are primarily associated with the nuclear matrix rather than with chromatin. We show using nuclease digestion that all PIAS family proteins maintain nuclear matrix association in the absence of chromatin. Importantly, we identify multiple histones including H3 and H2A.Z as directly interacting with PIAS1, and demonstrate that this interaction requires the PIAS1 SAP (SAF-A/B, Acinus, and PIAS) domain. We demonstrate that PIAS1 promotes SUMOylation of histones H3 and H2B in both a SAP domain- and an E3 ligase activity-dependent manner. Furthermore, we show that PIAS1 binds to heat shock-induced genes and represses their expression, and that this function also requires the SAP domain. Altogether, our study reveals for the first time the nuclear matrix as the compartment most enriched in SUMO E1 and PIAS family E3 ligases. Our finding that PIAS1 interacts directly with histone proteins also suggests a molecular mechanism as to how nuclear matrix-associated PIAS1 is able to regulate transcription and other chromatin-related processes.

16.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211041678, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488496

RESUMO

Resveratrol has been reported as an ideal medicine in the treatment of colorectal cancer. Meanwhile, cadmium could affect the occurrence and development of tumors in various ways. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a major progress regulated with colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to determine the effect and mechanism of resveratrol on the Cd-promoted EMT in CRC cells. First, we investigated the migration and invasion of CRC cells with or without the treatment of different concentrations of Cd in vitro by the transwell assay. Second, Western blot and RT-qPCR assay were used to detect the expressions of EMT-related markers (ZEB1, vimentin, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin) in Cd-exposed CRC cells. Subsequently, after treating with different concentrations of resveratrol, the migration and invasion of Cd-exposed CRC cells were detected again, as well as the expressions of EMT-related markers. Moreover, m6A-related RNAs in Cd-exposed CRC cells after treating with resveratrol were immunoprecipitated and validated by Me-RIP and RT-qPCR. These indicated that Cd promoted the migration and invasion of CRC cells. In addition, Cd up-regulated the expressions of N-cadherin, vimentin, and ZEB1, while it down-regulated that of E-cadherin in CRC cells. Resveratrol could reverse the Cd-promoted migration, invasion, and EMT procession by regulating the expression of ZEB1.

17.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 663-70, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the autonomic nerve function in a rat model of functional dyspepsia (FD), so as to explore the mechanism of taVNS underlying regulation of FD. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group(n=8) and FD model group(n=26).The FD model was replicated with iodoacetamide gavage. The FD model rats were randomly divided into model, taVNS, sham-taVNS and Zusanli(ST36) groups, with 6 rats in each group. Rats in the taVNS group received electrical stimulation of auricular concha,while the sham-taVNS group received no electrical stimulation and rats in the ST36 group received stimulation at ST36 for 30 min once daily for 14 consecutive days. Cervical trapezius electromyography score and abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score were used to evaluate gastric sensitivity. Histopathological changes of the gastric antrum tissue were observed under microscope after H.E. staining. Autonomic nerve function in rats was recorded and assessed by heart rate variability(HRV). The content of acetylcholine (Ach) and the expression of Ach receptor M3R in gastric antrum was detect by ELISA and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the cervical trapezius electromyography and AWR scores of the model group increased (P<0.01, P<0.001), and there was no erosion in the gastric antral mucosa and muscle layer. The high-frequency power (HF) in HRV decreased (P<0.05), the ratio of low-frequency power/high-frequency power (LF/HF) increased (P<0.001), and the Ach content and its receptor M3R expression in gastric antrum tissue decreased (P<0.05). Following interventions, the cervical trapezius electromyography and AWR scores decreased (P<0.01,P<0.001, P<0.05), HF in HRV increased and LF/HF decreased(P<0.01,P<0.05,P<0.001), and the content of Ach in gastric antrum tissue and the expression of its receptor M3R increased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in both taVNS and ST36 groups relevant to the model group. CONCLUSION: taVNS can increase the activity of the vagus nerve and regulate the balance of the autonomic nerve function, which may be one of the mechanisms of taVNS in reducing the gastric sensitivity of rats with FD. In regulating the vagus nerve function, taVNS and acupuncture at ST36 acupoint have the similar effects.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Animais , Dispepsia/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Vago
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478607

RESUMO

Methylophiopogonanone A (MOA) is an abundant homoisoflavonoid in the Chinese herb Ophiopogonis Radix. Recent investigations revealed that MOA inhibited several human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) and stimulated OATP1B1. However, the inhibitory effects of MOA on phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (hUGTs), have not been well investigated. Herein, the inhibition potentials of MOA on hUGTs were assessed. The results clearly demonstrated that MOA dose-dependently inhibited all tested hUGTs including UGT1A1 (IC50 = 1.23 µM), one of the most important detoxification enzymes in humans. Further investigations showed that MOA strongly inhibited UGT1A1-catalyzed NHPH-O-glucuronidation in a range of biological settings including hUGT1A1, human liver microsomes (HLM) and HeLa cells overexpressing UGT1A1. Inhibition kinetic analyses demonstrated that MOA competitively inhibited UGT1A1-catalyzed NHPH-O-glucuronidation in both hUGT1A1 and HLM, with Ki values of 0.52 µM and 1.22 µM, respectively. In addition, the potential risks of MOA-associated herb-drug interactions (HDIs) via inhibiting hUGT1A1 were predicted by utilizing in vitro inhibition constants and the plasma exposure of the agent. Collectively, our findings expanded knowledge of the interactions between MOA and human drug-metabolizing enzymes, which would be very helpful for guiding the use of MOA-related herbal products in clinical settings.

19.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480349

RESUMO

This study aims to establish a biological age (BA) predictor and to investigate the roles of lifestyles on biological aging. The 14,848 participants with the available information of multisystem measurements from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were used to estimate BA. We developed a composite BA predictor showing a high correlation with chronological age (CA) (r = 0.82) by using an extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. The average frequency hearing threshold, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ), gender, systolic blood pressure, and homocysteine ranked as the top five important features for the BA predictor. Two aging indexes, recorded as the AgingAccel (the residual from regressing predicted age on CA) and aging rate (the ratio of predicted age to CA), showed positive associations with the risks of all-cause (HR (95% CI) = 1.12 (1.10-1.14) and 1.08 (1.07-1.10), respectively) and cause-specific (HRs ranged from 1.06 to ∼1.15) mortality. Each 1-point increase in healthy lifestyle score (including normal body mass index, never smoking, moderate alcohol drinking, physically active, and sleep 7-9 h/night) was associated with a 0.21-year decrease in the AgingAccel (95% CI: -0.27 to -0.15) and a 0.4% decrease in the aging rate (95% CI: -0.5% to -0.3%). This study developed a machine learning-based BA predictor in a prospective Chinese cohort. Adherence to healthy lifestyles showed associations with delayed biological aging, which highlights potential preventive interventions.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 8882-8888, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498870

RESUMO

As a consequence of the mutually exclusive origins of ferroelectricity and magnetism, multiferroic materials with electromagnetic coupling are rare. In this work, stable two-dimensional FeHfSe3 with experimental accessibility is however demonstrated to harbor robust electromagnetic coupling. FeHfSe3 illustrates spontaneous in-plane polarization of 1.29 × 10-10 C/m, and the energy barrier of 116.54 meV ensures easy switching and a high Curie temperature. In addition, semiconducting FeHfSe3 possesses a stable antiferromagnetic ground state with a Néel temperature of approximately 300 K. In the case of applying strain, ferroelectricity and magnetism coexist stably, and uniaxial tensile strain can effectively enhance the ferroelectricity.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...