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1.
Org Lett ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710495

RESUMO

A novel copper-catalyzed cascade reaction of arylsulfonylhydrazones derived from ortho-alkynyl arylketones was accomplished. This reaction provides concise access to diversified cinnolines in good yields. The mechanistic investigations have disclosed involvement of the key alkynyl amination, 1,4-aryl migration, desulfonylation, and diazo radical cyclization cascade in the transformation.

2.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713247

RESUMO

Transcriptional regulation is important for plants to respond to toxic effects of aluminum (Al). However, our current knowledge to these events is confined to a few transcription factors. Here, we functionally characterized a rice bean (Vigna umbellata) NAC-type transcription factor, VuNAR1, in terms of Al stress response. We demonstrated that rice bean VuNAR1 is a nuclear-localized transcriptional activator, whose expression was specifically up-regulated by Al in roots but not in shoot. VuNAR1 overexpressing Arabidopsis plants exhibit improved Al resistance via Al exclusion. However, VuNAR1-mediated Al exclusion is independent of the function of known Al-resistance genes. Comparative transcriptomic analysis revealed that VuNAR1 specifically regulates the expression of genes associated with protein phosphorylation and cell wall modification in Arabidopsis. Transient expression assay demonstrated the direct transcriptional activation of WAK1 (cell wall-associated receptor kinase 1) by VuNAR1. Moreover, yeast one-hybrid assays and MEME motif searches identified a new VuNAR1-specific binding motif in the promoter of WAK1. Compared to wild-type Arabidopsis plants, VuNAR1 overexpressing plants have higher WAK1 expression and less pectin content. Taken together, our results suggest that VuNAR1 regulates Al resistance by regulating cell wall pectin metabolism via directly binding to the promoter of WAK1 and induce its expression.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713705

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of enzymatic hydrolysate of cottonseed protein (EHCP) supplementation on the growth performance and intestinal health of nursery pigs in Thailand. A total of 180 newly weaned piglets were randomly allocated to 3 groups with 6 replicates in each group and 10 piglets per replicate. Nursery pigs were fed three diets containing 0, 1%, and 1.5% EHCP for 28-63 days of age. The results indicated that 1% EHCP supplementation increased average daily feed intake (ADFI) and average daily gain (ADG) and decreased feed conversion rate (FCR) in the numerical, suggesting that appropriate EHCP supplementation could numerically improve growth performance of nursery pigs in Thailand. Moreover, 1% EHCP supplementation significantly decreased intestinal crypt depth and diarrhea incidence and increased intestinal villus height to crypt depth ratio and fecal consistency, suggesting that optimum EHCP supplementation could improve intestinal morphology and decreased diarrhea incidence of nursery pigs in Thailand. Furthermore, 1% EHCP supplementation significantly improved intestinal glutathione (GSH) level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and indicated that optimal EHCP supplementation could improve intestinal antioxidant capacity of nursery pigs in Thailand. Optimum EHCP supplementation numerically increased growth, significantly decreased diarrhea incidence, significantly improved intestinal morphology and antioxidant capacity of nursery pig in Thailand.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15838, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676873

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence and related factors of obesity-related hypertension among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. From September 2013 to March 2014, a multi-stage, stratified sampling method was conducted on 10,589 people aged 40 to 79 years and living in Chengdu and Chongqing investigated by using a questionnaire and performing physical and biochemical measurements. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension and hypertension overall (systolic ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic ≥80 mmHg or treated hypertension) was 22.8% and 57.4%, respectively, among all participants. For obesity-related hypertension, the prevalence was higher in women than in men (24.7% versus 19.4%, p < 0.001). For people in the age ranges of 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70, the prevalence of obesity-related hypertension were 11.8%, 22.6%, 30.7%, and 36.6%, respectively. Participants with obesity-related hypertension as opposed to those with non-obesity-related hypertension had a higher prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, diabetes, and hyperuricemia (all p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, female gender, current smoking, hypertriglyceridemia, diabetes and family history of hypertension were all positively correlated with obesity-related hypertension, whereas higher education level and having spouse were negatively correlated with obesity-related hypertension. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension was high among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. Cardiometabolic abnormalities among participants with obesity-related hypertension were more serious and frequently present than in those with non-obesity-related hypertension. Aggressive and holistic strategies aiming at the prevention and treatment of obesity-related hypertension are needed.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17672, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies investigated the relation of prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and birth outcomes, but these results were inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of prenatal exposure to BPA and birth outcomes, provide comprehensive results based on current studies. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane databases, and Web of Science databases were searched systematically by two researchers respectively from their inceptions to Oct. 2018, using the following keywords "bisphenol A, birth weight, birth length, head circumference, gestational age, birth outcomes". We extracted ß coefficient and 95% confidence interval (CI) or ß coefficient and standard deviation (SD) from included study. The subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the potential heterogeneity between studies. We conducted sensitivity analysis by excluding the each individual study to assess the results whether were stable. Finally, the publication bias was performed by accumulative forest plot. RESULTS: Seven studies with 3004 participants met the inclusion criteria. BPA had significant positively association with birth weight (ß = 21.92, 95%CI: 1.50-42.35, P = .04). No significant associations were found between BPA and birth length, head circumference and gestational age (All of P > .05). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated that the BPA was positively associated with birth weight. Therefore, further studies are needed to investigate the critical sensitive period of influencing fetal development and to investigate the difference on gender.

6.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692034

RESUMO

Ample evidence have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs small nucleolus RNA host gene 14 (SNHG14) serves as a master regulator in various cancers. However, the exact mechanism of SNHG14 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. In the present study, we concentrate on the potential function of SNHG14 in the pathogenesis of CRC. From the quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction results, SNHG14 was found to be downregulated in CRC tissues compared with the normal mucous samples, and its low expression was significantly correlated with poor clinical outcomes. Overexpression of SNHG14 inhibited cell growth, induced cell apoptosis, suppressed migration and invasion by inhibiting epithelial-mesenchymal transition process. Furthermore, mechanistic studies revealed that miR-92b-3p could rescue the CRC progress induced by SNHG14. Consequently, SNHG14 exhibited low expression in CRC tissues and involved in CRC progression and metastasis by competing for miR-92b-3p, and SNHG14 could be used as a valuable biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.

7.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most deadly cancer worldwide, and its incidence is especially in China. Multiple long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recently identified as crucial oncogenic factors or tumor suppressors. In this study, we explored the effects of LncRNA RHPN1 antisense RNA 1 (RHPN1-AS1) on the progression of HCC. METHODS: Expression levels of RHPN1-AS1 and miR-596 in HCC samples were measured by qRT-PCR. The association between pathological indexes and the expression level of RHPN1-AS1 was also analyzed. Human HCC cell lines Huh7 and SMMC-7721 were used as cell models. CCK-8 and colony formation assays were performe to assess the effect of RHPN1-AS1 on HCC cell line proliferation. Flow cytometer was used to study the effect of RHPN1-AS1 on apoptosis of HCC cells. Transwell assay was conducted to detect the effect of RHPN1-AS1 on migration and invasion. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm targeting of miR-596 by RHPN1-AS1. Additionally, the regulatory function of RHPN1-AS1 on insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2) was detected by western blot. RESULTS: The expression level of RHPN1-AS1 in HCC samples was significantly increased compared with normal tissues and its high expression was correlated with unfavorable pathological indexes. Highly expressed RHPN1-AS1 was associated with shorter overall survival time. RHPN1-AS1 overexpression remarkably accelerated proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells, while reduced apoptosis. Accordingly, RHPN1-AS1 knockdown suppressed the malignant phenotypes of HCC cells. RHPN1-AS1 overexpression significantly reduced miR-596 expression by sponging it, but enhanced IGF2BP2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: RHPN1-AS1 acts as a sponge of tumor suppressor miR-596 in HCC that can indirectly enhance IGF2BP2 expression and function as an oncogenic lncRNA.

8.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 6696-6707, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698583

RESUMO

Microfluidic flow generation plays a fundamental role in microfluidic systems and shows potential for applications in basic biology and clinical medicine. In this study, an enabling technology is proposed to quantitatively generate microfluid flow through the automatic movement of a microsphere in liquid by using optical tweezers. A closed-loop control strategy with visual servoing feedback is introduced to achieve high precision and robustness. The theoretical solution of the generated microfluid is obtained on the basis of Stokes equations. An experimental method is proposed, and experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of our approach. This method does not impose any dedicated fabrication of microtool, and the microfluidic flow can be dexterously adjusted by controlling the direction, speed, and distance of the microsphere from a target location. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of optically actuating liquids through the translational movement of microspheres with closed-loop control. The proposed method will be useful in various biomedical applications needing quantitative, precise and controllable localized microfluid.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698789

RESUMO

This study focuses on visible and invisible air pollutants and their impacts on China's hotel industry. Overall, visible air pollutants may block the sights and sceneries and worsen the quality of visitors' sensory experiences, and invisible air pollutants are unlikely to result in the same perceptions and sensations. Hence, different types of air pollutants may have various impacts on the hotel industry's operational performance. We employed a bootstrapped truncated regression model to investigate whether different types of air pollutants had distinctive impacts on the hotel industry. The dataset consisted of 31 provinces of China for the period 2012-2015. Empirical results indicate that visible air pollutants significantly decrease the operational efficiency of China's hotel industry, while invisible air pollutants insignificantly affect the hotel industry.

10.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701282

RESUMO

An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of enzyme-treated soy protein (ETSP) supplementation in low protein diets on growth performance as well as flesh sensory quality and healthiness in on-growing grass carp. A total of 540 on-growing grass carp (initial average weight 325.72 ± 0.60 g) were fed six diets, which included a normal protein diet (28% crude protein) and five low protein diets (26% crude protein) supplemented with graded levels of ETSP (0.0, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, and 2.0%). The results showed that reducing dietary protein by 2% decreased percentage weight gain, feed intake, and flesh flavor (aspartic acid, glutamic acid, histidine, and 5'-inosinic acid contents) and healthiness-related indices (linolenic acid (LA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) contents and polyunsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids ratio). Under the condition of reducing dietary protein by 2%, 0.8-1.2% ETSP supplementation restored above parameters to levels equal or superior to those in 28% crude protein diet group. Although reducing dietary protein by 2% did not deteriorate flesh tenderness and juiciness, 0.8-1.2% ETSP supplementation in low protein diets also improved the two indices compared with 28% crude protein diet. Moreover, ETSP-improved flesh quality was partly related to increased muscle antioxidant enzymes activities and their mRNA levels. In addition, ESTP-enhanced antioxidant enzyme mRNA levels were partly associated with the upregulation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling. Collectively, 0.8-1.2% ETSP supplementation in low protein diets improved growth performance as well as flesh sensory quality and healthiness in on-growing grass carp.

11.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701652

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to propose a strategy based on indocyanine green (ICG) (SBI) to provide better clinical guidelines for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatments for Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2005 to December 2012, 112 BCLC stage C HCC patients initially treated with TACE were investigated, randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 79) and validation cohort (n = 33). In training group, the patients were grouped based on their 15 minutes ICG retention rate (ICG R15), different chemo drugs and dose of lipidol in TACE. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed in subgroups. Strategy based on ICG was built and verified in validation group. RESULTS: For those patients with ICG R15 values >10%, the lipiodol ≤10 mL group showed better survival than the lipiodol >10 mL group. For those patients with ICG R15 values ≤10%, the group that received triple-drug chemotherapy treatments with lipiodol diameter ratio values between 1 and 3 showed better survival than the other group. Patients who conformed with the SBI had better survival times than those who did not conform with the SBI, in both the training cohort (median OS 10.3 vs 5.1 months; P < .001; median PFS, 3.3 vs 2.1 months; P = .006) and the validation cohort (median OS 8.9 vs 7.1 months; P = .087; median PFS, 6.6 vs 2.3 months; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The SBI is suitable and may provide survival benefits for TACE treatments in BCLC stage C HCC patients.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702120

RESUMO

Preterm birth and its complications are the leading cause of neonatal death. The main underlying pathological mechanisms for preterm complications are disruption of the normal maturation processes within the target tissues, interrupted by premature birth. Cord blood, as a new and convenient source of stem cells, may provide new, promising options for preventing preterm complications. This prospective, nonrandomized placebo controlled study aims at investigating the effect of autologous cord blood mononuclear cells (ACBMNC) for preventing preterm associated complications. Preterm infants less than 35 weeks gestational age were assigned to receive ACBMNC (5 × 107 cells/kg) intravenous or normal saline within 8 hours after birth. Preterm complications rate were compared between two groups to demonstrate the effect of ACBMNC infusion in reducing preterm complications. Fifteen preterm infants received ACBMNC infusion, and 16 infants were assigned to control group. There is no significant difference when comparing mortality and preterm complications rate before discharge home. However, ACBMNC infusion demonstrated significant decreases in duration of mechanical ventilation (3.2 days vs 6.41 days, P = .028) and oxygen therapy (5.33 days vs 11.31 days, P = .047). ACBMNC infusion was effective in reducing respiratory support duration in very preterm infants. Due to the limited number of patients enrolled, powered randomized controlled trials are needed to better define its efficacy. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2019.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 150402, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702297

RESUMO

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a nonlocal wave function of a bipartite system, using modular values. The method is experimentally implemented for a photon pair in a hyperentangled state, i.e., entangled both in polarization and momentum degrees of freedom.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(22)2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703427

RESUMO

Many techniques have been developed for computer vision in the past years. Features extraction and matching are the basis of many high-level applications. In this paper, we propose a multi-level features extraction for discontinuous target tracking in remote sensing image monitoring. The features of the reference image are pre-extracted at different levels. The first-level features are used to roughly check the candidate targets and other levels are used for refined matching. With Gaussian weight function introduced, the support of matching features is accumulated to make a final decision. Adaptive neighborhood and principal component analysis are used to improve the description of the feature. Experimental results verify the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method.

15.
Burns ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of music and/or tramadol on pain and anxiety in burn outpatients undergoing dressing changes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Burns and Plastic Reconstruction Unit. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=180) with burns on up to 10%-30% of the total body surface area (TBSA). INTERVENTIONS: The patients were randomly allocated to 4 equal-sized groups as follows: (1) tramadol group (TG), patients received 100mg of tramadol orally 20min before the dressing change; (2) music group (MG), patients listened to self-selected music during the dressing change; (3) music-plus-tramadol group (MTG), patients received tramadol and listened to self-selected music; and (4) control group (CG), patients received a routine dressing change only. All patients underwent the interventions once per day for 2days. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: McGill Pain Questionnaire Short Form (MPQ-SF) (primary outcome), McGill Pain Persian version of Burn Specific Pain Anxiety Scale (BSPAS) (primary outcome), and heart rate (HR) and overall patient satisfaction (secondary outcomes). RESULTS: The results showed that music-plus-tramadol group (MTG) had better outcomes with respect to pain and anxiety management during dressing changes. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison with music or tramadol alone, the integration of music and tramadol offers a secure and favorable treatment choice to relieve pain and anxiety, ultimately improving the satisfaction levels of burn outpatients during dressing changes.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755252

RESUMO

In this paper, a new kind of anti-icing materials: liquid-infused micro-nanostructured MOF coating (LIMNSMC) was designed and prepared. The porous micro-nanostructures of MOF coating were first utilized to immobilize lubricating liquid. The anti-icing performance of LIMNSMC could be tuned by the viscosity, the amount of lubricating liquid and the surface morphology. Under appropriate condition, the LIMNSMC shows high anti-icing performance with the condensed water freezing temperature of approximately -39 ℃ and the ice adhesion strength of approximately 10 kPa, because the micro-nanostructures of MOF coating reduce the contact area and hinder the heat transfer between surface and water droplets, and the lubricating layer effectively reduce the heterogeneous nucleation sites on surface, as well as reduce the ice adhesion. LIMNSMCs exhibit good durability due to the lubricating liquid could be effectively immobilized by the nanopores of MOFs. So the high anti-icing performance of LIMNSMCs could maintain throughout ten freezing/melting cycles and six icing-deicing cycles, and slightly decrease after high speed centrifugation and 50 abrasion cycles.

17.
Environ Microbiol ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691434

RESUMO

Thermoprofundales (Marine Benthic Group D archaea, MBG-D) is a newly proposed archaeal order and widely distributed in global marine sediment, and the members in the order may play a vital role in carbon cycling. However, the lack of pure cultures of these oeganisms has hampered the recognition of their catabolic roles. Here, by constructing high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) of two new subgroups of Thermoprofundales from hydrothermal sediment and predicting their catabolic pathways, we here provide genomic evidences that Thermoprofundales are capable of degrading aromatics via the phenylacetic acid (PAA) pathway. Then, the gene sequences of phenylacetyl-CoA ligase (PCL), a key enzyme for the PAA pathway, were searched in reference genomes. The widespread distribution of PCL genes among 14.9% of archaea and 75.9% of Thermoprofundales further supports the importance of the PAA pathway in archaea, particularly in Thermoprofundales where no ring-cleavage dioxygenases were found. Two PCLs from Thermoprofundales MAGs, PCLM8-3 and PCLM10-15 , were able to convert PAA to phenylacetyl-CoA (PA-CoA) in vitro, demonstrating the involvement of Thermoprofundales in aromatics degradation through PAA via CoA activation. Their acid tolerance (pH 5-7), high-optimum temperatures (60°C and 80°C), thermostability (stable at 60°C and 50°C for 48 h) and broad substrate spectra imply that Thermoprofundales are capable of transforming aromatics under extreme conditions. Together with the evidence of in situ transcriptional activities for most genes related to the aromatics pathway in Thermoprofundales, these genomic, and biochemical evidences highlight the essential role of this ubiquitous and abundant archaeal order in the carbon cycle of marine sediments.

18.
Brain Pathol ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733156

RESUMO

In the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the CNS, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation is a main classifier for lower-grade astrocytomas and IDH mutated astrocytomas is now regarded as a single group with longer survival. However, the molecular and clinical heterogeneity among IDH-mutant lower-grade (WHO Grades II/III) astrocytomas have only rarely been investigated. In this study, we recruited 160 IDH-mutant lower-grade (WHO Grades II/III) astrocytomas, and examined PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A deletion, and CDK4 amplification by FISH analysis, TERT promoter mutation by Sanger sequencing, and ATRX loss and p53 expression by immunohistochemistry. We identified PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A homozygous deletion, and CDK4 amplification in 18.8%, 15.0%, and 18.1% of our cohort respectively, and these alterations occurred in a mutually exclusive fashion. PDGFRA amplification was associated with shorter PFS (p=0.0003) and OS (p<0.0001). In tumors without PDGFRA amplification, CDKN2A homozygous deletion or CDK4 amplification was associated with a shorter OS (p=0.035). Tumors were divided into three risk groups based on the presence of molecular alterations: high-risk (PDGFRA amplification), intermediate-risk (CDKN2A deletion or CDK4 amplification) and low-risk (neither CDKN2A deletion, CDK4 amplification nor PDGFRA amplification). These three risk groups were significantly different in overall survival with mean survivals of 40.5, 62.9, and 71.5 months. The high-risk group also demonstrated a shorter PFS compared to intermediate- (p=0.036) and low-risk (p<0.0001) groups. One limitation of this study is the relatively short follow-up period, a common confounding factor for studies on low grade tumors. Our data illustrate that IDH-mutant lower-grade astrocytomas is not a homogeneous group and should be molecularly stratified for risk.

19.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734766

RESUMO

Coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) are prominent during the acute Kawasaki disease (KD) episode and represent the major contributors to the long-term prognosis. Several meta-analysis and published scoring systems have identified hepatic dysfunction as an independent predictor of CAA risks. The medical records of 210 KD children were reviewed. Blood samples were collected from all subjects at 24 h pre-therapy and 48 h post-therapy, respectively. Liver function test (LFT) and inflammatory mediators were detected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the reliable biomarkers predicting whether CAAs existed or not in KD patients. 90.95% of KD patients had at least 1 abnormal LFT. Hypoalbuminemia was the most prevalent type of hepatic dysfunction, followed by elevated aspartate aminotransferase, low TP, low A/G and hyperbilirubinemia, respectively. The elevated inflammatory mediators (procalcitonin and C-reactive protein) and moderate dose of aspirin played a synthetic role in hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. However, LFT presented no significant differences between infectious and noninfectious conditions. By a multivariate analysis, a lower albumin/globulin ratio (A/G, OR 13.50, 95% CI 3.944-46.23) served as an independent predictor of CAAs and had a sensitivity of 56.25%, and a specificity of 61.11% at a cutoff value of < 1.48. In conclusion, hepatic dysfunction is a common complication during the acute KD episode, characterized by elevated serum liver enzymes, hypoalbuminemia and hyperbilirubinemia. Systemic inflammation and aspirin, rather than infectious agents, are both the major contributors of hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. A lower A/G serves as an independent predictor of CAAs.

20.
Cartilage ; : 1947603519888787, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735077

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNA 01534 (LINC01534) is highly expressed in the tissues of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated the mechanism of LINC01534 on abnormal metabolic dysfunction in OA chondrocytes induced by interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). METHODS: The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expressions of LINC01534, aggrecan, collagen II, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) in OA cartilage tissue or OA chondrocyte model induced by IL-1ß. The expressions of aggrecan and collagen II in the chondrocyte were detected by Western blot. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-8, IL-6, MMP-13, MMP-9, MMP-3, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in chondrocyte were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbernt assay. Bioinformatics, dual luciferin gene reporting, RNA pulldown, and Northern blot were used to determine the interaction between LINC01534 and miR-140-5p. RESULTS: The results showed that LINC01534 was upregulated in both OA cartilage tissue and OA chondrocyte model. In addition, silencing LINC01534 significantly alleviated the inhibitory effect of IL-1ß on expressions of aggrecan and collagen II in chondrocytes, and significantly downregulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinases in IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. Meanwhile, silencing LINC01534 also significantly inhibited the productions of proinflammatory factors NO, PGE2, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 in the IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. Furthermore, miR-140-5p was confirmed to be a direct target of LINC01534. More importantly, inhibition of miR-140-5p significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of silencing LINC01534 on abnormal matrix degradation in the IL-1ß-induced chondrocyte model of OA. CONCLUSION: Therefore, LINC01534 could promote the abnormal matrix degradation and inflammatory response of OA chondrocytes through the targeted binding of miR-140-5p.

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