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1.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500630

RESUMO

Necroptosis is a type of programmed cell death executed through the plasma membrane disruption by mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL). Previous studies have revealed that an N-terminal four-helix bundle domain (NBD) of MLKL is the executioner domain for the membrane permeabilization, which is auto-inhibited by the first brace helix (H6). After necroptosis initiation, this inhibitory brace helix detaches and the NBD can integrate into the membrane, and hence leads to necroptotic cell death. However, how the NBD is released and induces membrane rupture is poorly understood. Here, we reconstituted MLKL2-154 into membrane mimetic bicelles and observed the structure disruption and membrane release of the first brace helix that is regulated by negatively charged phospholipids in a dose-dependent manner. Using molecular dynamics simulation we found that the brace region in an isolated, auto-inhibited MLKL2-154 becomes intrinsically disordered in solution after 7 ns dynamic motion. Further investigations demonstrated that a cluster of arginines in the C-terminus of MLKL2-154 is important for the molecular conformational switch. Functional mutagenesis showed that mutating these arginines to glutamates hindered the membrane disruption of full-length MLKL and thus inhibited the necroptotic cell death. These findings suggest that the brace helix also plays an active role in MLKL regulation, rather than an auto-inhibitory domain.

2.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether lymph node dissection is necessary for patients with N0 gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of lymphadenectomy on the prognosis for N0 GBC patients. The secondary objective was to establish a prognostic model of survival for N0 GBC patients being founded on the large samples. METHODS: Patient data were obtained from the database named SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database) between 2010 and 2014. Analyses of Kaplan-Meier survival and multivariate Cox regression were performed in subgroups based on regional lymph nodes removal (LNR) to calculate the excess risk of cause-specific death. A prognosis nomogram was constructed build on the results of a multivariate analysis to predict the specific survival time (CSS) rates of N0 GBC patients. RESULT: A total of 1406 N0 GBC patients were included in this research. The majority of N0 GBC patients undergoing cancer-directed surgery did not undergo LNR (64.5%). The results showed that LNR can improve the survival of N0 GBC patients, including those at the T1a and T1b stages, and a wider range of lymph node dissection (LNR2) compared to LNR1 was more conducive to the prognosis. Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis showed that LNR was an independent favorable prognostic factor of N0 GBC. Finally, a nomogram was constructed to accurately predict the prognosis of N0 gallbladder cancer patients. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a significant survival benefit for extended lymph nodes removed in N0 GBC patients. These results recommend that an extended lymph node dissection strategy is needed for N0 GBC patients.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502202

RESUMO

Postmenopausal women with ovary hormone deficiency (OHD) are subject to overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. The present study attempted to elucidate whether low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LiESWT) alters bladder angiogenesis, decreases inflammatory response, and ameliorates bladder hyperactivity to influence bladder function in OHD-induced OAB in human clinical trial and rat model. The ovariectomized (OVX) for 12 months Sprague-Dawley rat model mimicking the physiological condition of menopause was utilized to induce OAB and assess the potential therapeutic mechanism of LiESWT (0.12 mJ/mm2, 300 pulses, and 3 pulses/second). The randomized, single-blinded clinical trial was enrolled 58 participants to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of LiESWT (0.25 mJ/mm2, 3000 pulses, 3 pulses/second) on postmenopausal women with OAB. The results revealed that 8 weeks' LiESWT inhibited interstitial fibrosis, promoted cell proliferation, enhanced angiogenesis protein expression, and elevated the protein phosphorylation of ErK1/2, P38, and Akt, leading to decreased urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, urgency incontinence, and post-voided residual urine volume, but increased voided urine volume and the maximal flow rate of postmenopausal participants. In conclusion, LiESWT attenuated inflammatory responses, increased angiogenesis, and promoted proliferation and differentiation, thereby improved OAB symptoms, thereafter promoting social activity and the quality of life of postmenopausal participants.

4.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with tau pathology. Hyperphosphorylation modification promotes tau protein misfolding and aggregation into neurofibrillary tangles, leading to impairments of synaptic plasticity and learning and memory. However, very limited therapeutic strategies are available. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we wanted to investigate the potential effects of Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on tauopathies. METHODS: We constructed adeno-associated virus carrying hTau cDNA (AAVhTau) to establish a mouse model of tauopathy through intrahippocampal microinjection. Using a combination of behavioral test, electrophysiological recording, and western blotting assay, we examined the neuroprotective effects of DHA on learning and memory deficits in mice with tauopathy. RESULTS: DHA improved learning and memory and increased hippocampal CA1 long-term potentiation (LTP) in mice overexpressed human tau (hTau) in the hippocampus. More importantly, further study revealed that DHA could induce protein O-GlcNAcylation modification and reduce protein phosphorylation. O-GlcNAc transferase inhibitor alloxan could suppress DHA-induced protein O-GlcNAcylation, and subsequently prevent therapeutic effect of DHA on the deficits of learning and memory as well as synaptic plasticity in hTau mice. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that DHA may exert neuroprotective role in tauopathy through a crosstalk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation, suggesting a potential therapeutic for learning and memory deficits associated with tau pathology.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2104404, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480387

RESUMO

Membranes of sub-2-nanometer channels show high ion transport rates, but it remains a great challenge to design such membranes with desirable ion selectivities for ion separation applications. Here, covalent organic framework (COF) membranes with a channel size of ≈1.4 nm and abundant hydrogen bonding sites, exhibiting efficient ion sieving properties are demonstrated. The COF membranes have high monovalent cation permeation rates of 0.1-0.2 mol m-2 h-1 and extremely low multivalent cation permeabilities, leading to high monovalent over divalent ion selectivities for K+ /Mg2+ of ≈765, Na+ /Mg2+ of ≈680, and Li+ /Mg2+ of ≈217. Experimental measurements and theoretical simulations reveal that the hydrogen bonding interaction between hydrated cations and the COF channel wall governs the high selectivity, and divalent cations transport through the channel needs to overcome higher energy barriers than monovalent cations. These findings provide an effective strategy for developing sub-2-nanometer sized membranes with specific interaction sites for high-efficiency ionic separation.

6.
Tissue Cell ; 73: 101616, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481230

RESUMO

In early pregnancy, hypoxia is a typical extrinsic factor that regulates EVT functions including proliferation, migration and invasion which are essential for a successful pregnancy. Human differentiated embryonic chondrocyte-expressed gene 1 (DEC1), a hypoxia-regulated gene, has been reported to be overexpressed in several types of cancers. Given that the placenta and the cancer share several similarities with respect to their capacity to proliferate and invade adjacent tissues, we focused on the role of DEC1 on trophoblast function in a physiologically hypoxic environment, which may be associated with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA).In our study, we measured the expression of HIF-1α and DEC1 in first-trimester villi through real-time-PCR (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical analysis. in vitro, DEC1 expression was downregulated in trophoblast cells via DEC1-specific shRNA plasmid transfection. The expression of DEC1 and HIF-1α was detected via western blotting and RT-PCR analysis. The proliferation and migration of HTR-8/SVneo cells were assayed using CCK-8 and Transwell migration assays, respectively.Our results indicated that the expression of DEC1 was significantly reduced in villi of URSA compared to that in normal pregnant women. in vitro, hypoxia induced the expression of HIF-1ɑ and DEC1 and upregulated proliferation and migration of the HTR-8/SVneo cells. Knockdown of DEC1 inhibited proliferation and migration of HTR-8/SVneo cells exposure to hypoxia. Furthermore, inhibition of HIF1α expression resulted in a significant decrease in DEC1. These findings illustrate that hypoxia-induced DEC1 expression promotes trophoblast cell proliferation and migration through the HIF1α signaling pathway, which plays an important role during placentation.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5106, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429434

RESUMO

The cytoplasmic domain of PD-L1 (PD-L1-CD) regulates PD-L1 degradation and stability through various mechanism, making it an attractive target for blocking PD-L1-related cancer signaling. Here, by using NMR and biochemical techniques we find that the membrane association of PD-L1-CD is mediated by electrostatic interactions between acidic phospholipids and basic residues in the N-terminal region. The absence of the acidic phospholipids and replacement of the basic residues with acidic residues abolish the membrane association. Moreover, the basic-to-acidic mutations also decrease the cellular abundance of PD-L1, implicating that the electrostatic interaction with the plasma membrane mediates the cellular levels of PD-L1. Interestingly, distinct from its reported function as an activator of AMPK in tumor cells, the type 2 diabetes drug metformin enhances the membrane dissociation of PD-L1-CD by disrupting the electrostatic interaction, thereby decreasing the cellular abundance of PD-L1. Collectively, our study reveals an unusual regulatory mechanism that controls the PD-L1 level in tumor cells, suggesting an alternative strategy to improve the efficacy of PD-L1-related immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Membranas/metabolismo , Eletricidade Estática , Antígeno B7-H1/química , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Metformina , Mutação
8.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117671, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435562

RESUMO

In humans and animal models, the kidneys and cardiovascular systems are negatively affected by BPA from the environment. It is considered that BPA have some potential estrogen-like and non-hormone-like properties. In this study, RNA-sequencing and its-related bioinformatics was used as the basic strategy to clarify the characteristic mechanisms of kidney-heart axis remodeling and dysfunction in diabetic male rats under BPA exposure. We found that continuous BPA exposure in diabetic rats aggravated renal impairment, and caused hemodynamic disorders and dysfunctions. There were 655 and 125 differentially expressed genes in the kidney and heart, respectively. For the kidneys, functional annotation and enrichment, and gene set enrichment analyses identified bile acid secretion related to lipid synthesis and transport, and MAPK cascade pathways. For the heart, these bioinformatics analyses clearly pointed to MAPKs pathways. A total of 12 genes and another total of 6 genes were identified from the kidney tissue and heart tissue, respectively. Western blotting showed that exposure to BPA activated MAPK cascades in both organs. In this study, the exacerbated remodeling of diabetic kidney-heart axis under BPA exposure and diabetes might occur through hemodynamics, metabolism disorders, and the immune-inflammatory response, as well as continuous estrogen-like stimulation, with focus on the MAPK cascades.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Transcriptoma , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Biologia Computacional , Rim , Masculino , Fenóis , Ratos
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4908, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389711

RESUMO

C9ORF72 hexanucleotide GGGGCC repeat expansion is the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Repeat-containing RNA mediates toxicity through nuclear granules and dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins produced by repeat-associated non-AUG translation. However, it remains unclear how the intron-localized repeats are exported and translated in the cytoplasm. We use single molecule imaging approach to examine the molecular identity and spatiotemporal dynamics of the repeat RNA. We demonstrate that the spliced intron with G-rich repeats is stabilized in a circular form due to defective lariat debranching. The spliced circular intron, instead of pre-mRNA, serves as the translation template. The NXF1-NXT1 pathway plays an important role in the nuclear export of the circular intron and modulates toxic DPR production. This study reveals an uncharacterized disease-causing RNA species mediated by repeat expansion and demonstrates the importance of RNA spatial localization to understand disease etiology.


Assuntos
Proteína C9orf72/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Íntrons/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas/genética , RNA/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Proteína C9orf72/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/genética , Expansão das Repetições de DNA/genética , Dipeptídeos/genética , Dipeptídeos/metabolismo , Demência Frontotemporal/genética , Demência Frontotemporal/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/genética
10.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443582

RESUMO

Biological imaging is an essential means of disease diagnosis. However, semiconductor quantum dots that are used in bioimaging applications comprise toxic metal elements that are nonbiodegradable, causing serious environmental problems. Herein, we developed a novel ecofriendly solvothermal method that uses ethanol as a solvent and doping with chlorine atoms to prepare highly fluorescent graphene quantum dots (GQDs) from seaweed. The GQDs doped with chlorine atoms exhibit high-intensity white fluorescence. Thus, their preliminary application in bioimaging has been confirmed. In addition, clear cell imaging could be performed at an excitation wavelength of 633 nm.


Assuntos
Cloro/química , Grafite/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Alga Marinha/química , Linhagem Celular , Fluorescência
11.
Mar Drugs ; 19(8)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436259

RESUMO

Marine fungi-derived natural products represent an excellent reservoir for the discovery of novel lead compounds with biological activities. Here, we report the identification of two new drimane sesquiterpenes (1 and 2) and six new polyketides (3-8), together with 10 known compounds (9-18), from a marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. TW58-16. The planar structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR, which was supported by HR-ESI-MS data. The absolute configurations of these compounds were determined by experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and their optical rotations compared with those reported. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of compounds 1-18 revealed that compound 5 significantly inhibited the release of nitric oxide (NO) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW264.7 cells, correlating with the inhibition of expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In addition, we revealed that compounds 1, 3-6, 14, 16, and 18 showed strong α-glucosidase inhibitory effects with inhibition rates of 35.4%, 73.2%, 55.6%, 74.4%, 32.0%, 36.9%, 88.0%, and 91.1%, respectively, which were comparable with or even better than that of the positive control, acarbose. Together, our results illustrate the potential of discovering new marine-based therapeutic agents against inflammation and diabetes mellitus.

12.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372529

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is an economically significant swine infectious agent. A PRV outbreak took place in China in 2011 with novel virulent variants. Although the association of viral genomic variability with pathogenicity is not fully confirmed, the knowledge concerning PRV genomic diversity and evolution is still limited. Here, we sequenced 54 genomes of novel PRV variants isolated in China from 2012 to 2017. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that China strains and US/Europe strains were classified into two separate genotypes. PRV strains isolated from 2012 to 2017 in China are highly related to each other and genetically close to classic China strains such as Ea, Fa, and SC. RDP analysis revealed 23 recombination events within novel PRV variants, indicating that recombination contributes significantly to the viral evolution. The selection pressure analysis indicated that most ORFs were under evolutionary constraint, and 19 amino acid residue sites in 15 ORFs were identified under positive selection. Additionally, 37 unique mutations were identified in 19 ORFs, which distinguish the novel variants from classic strains. Overall, our study suggested that novel PRV variants might evolve from classical PRV strains through point mutation and recombination mechanisms.

13.
Explore (NY) ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417112

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is currently no established effective treatment for primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is widely used in China and is reported to improve patient symptoms. This study compare the clinical efficacy and safety of herbal decoction CheReCunJin alone and combined with hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of pSS. METHODS: Seventy pSS patients without visceral involvement were randomly assigned in equal numbers to oral administration of CheReCunJin decoction only (group 1) or CheReCunJin decoction combined with hydroxychloroquine (group 2), Efficacy was evaluated after 3 months of treatment by the TCM syndrome and total effectiveness scores, European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI), and Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI), Schirmer's test, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels. Safety was assessed. RESULTS: There were no differences in the baseline characteristics of the two groups. Compared with baseline values, the TCM syndrome, ESSPRI and ESSDAI scores, ESR, CRP, and Schirmer's test results improved significantly in both groups after treatment (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the TCM syndrome total effectiveness rate between the two groups (p = 0.31). Between-group differences in the changes in ESSPRI, ESSDAI, ESR, CRP, Schirmer's test, and IgG after treatment were not significant (all p> 0.05). Adverse reactions were reported in 5.88% of group 1 and 3.33% of group 2 participants (p = 0.83). CONCLUSION: CheReCunJin decoction alone was effective and safe for the treatment of pSS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR1800016471.

14.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-14, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and can control gene expression via directly targeting or regulating DNA methylation. This research aims to analyse the mechanism of miR-93-5p on HCC progression. METHODS: miR-93-5p, Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 4 (ERBB4) and ten-eleven translocation methyl-cytosine dioxygenases (TET1, TET2 and TET3) abundances were measured via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The binding interaction was examined by dual-luciferase reporter analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed via Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation and flow cytometry. The DNA methylation of ERBB4 was detected via specific polymerase chain reaction. SNU-449 cells were subcutaneously inoculated into the BALB/c nude mice to establish the in vivo model for HCC, and the in vivo function of miR-93-5p was analysed by intratumoral injections of miR-93-5p antogomir. RESULTS: miR-93-5p abundance was enhanced and ERBB4 level was reduced in HCC tumour tissues of 62 patients and HCC cell lines, in contrast with that in paired normal tissues of 62 patients and normal cell lines. ERBB4 was targeted by miR-93-5p. miR-93-5p knockdown or ERBB4 overexpression repressed HCC cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis via decreasing cell viability and colony ability and inducing cycle arrest. ERBB4 silence attenuated the influence of miR-93-5p knockdown on cell proliferation and apoptosis. ERBB4 promoter DNA methylation level was enhanced in HCC samples and cell lines, and ERBB4 abundance was increased via TETs (TET1, TET2 and TET3). miR-93-5p targeted TETs to modulate ERBB4 abundance. TETs silence relieved the influence of miR-93-5p knockdown on cell proliferation and apoptosis. miR-93-5p knockdown decreased HCC growth in a xenograft model. CONCLUSION: miR-93-5p knockdown repressed the progression of HCC via increasing ERBB4 and TETs-dependent DNA demethylation.

15.
Carbohydr Res ; 508: 108415, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358864

RESUMO

As stable glycomimetics, thioglycosides are important tools for the investigation of biological processes and discovery of new drugs. In this note, we report a ReOCl3(SMe2)(OPPh3) catalyzed coupling reaction between ß-glycosyl thiols (1-thio sugars) and glycals for the preparation of 1,1'-α,ß-2-deoxy thioglycosides, which are glycomimetics of natural trehalose and 2-deoxy glycosides. Furthermore, an S-linked trisaccharide was successfully obtained by successive employment of the Re(V) catalyzed thioglycosylation protocol.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(29): 4929-4938, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) are both immune-mediated diseases. AIE or PBC complicated with ulcerative colitis (UC) are rare. There are no cases of AIE and PBC diagnosed after proctocolectomy for UC reported before, and the pathogenesis of these comorbidities has not been revealed. CASE SUMMARY: A middle-aged woman diagnosed with UC underwent subtotal colectomy and ileostomy due to the steroid-resistant refractory disease, and a restorative proctectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and proximal neoileostomy was postponed due to active residual rectal inflammation in January 2016. A few months after the neoileostomy, she began to suffer from recurrent episodes of watery diarrhea. She was diagnosed with postcolectomy enteritis and stoma closure acquired a good therapeutic effect. However, her symptoms of diarrhea relapsed in 2019, with different histological features of endoscopic biopsies compared with 2016, which showed apoptotic bodies, a lack of goblet and Paneth cells, and villous blunting. A diagnosis of AIE was established, and the patient's stool volume decreased dramatically with the treatment of methylprednisolone 60 mg/d for 1 wk and tacrolimus 3 mg/d for 4 d. Meanwhile, her constantly evaluated cholestatic enzymes and high titers of antimitochondrial antibodies indicated the diagnosis of PBC, and treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (16 mg/kg per day) achieved satisfactory results. CONCLUSION: Some immune-mediated diseases may be promoted by operation due to microbial alterations in UC patients. Continuous follow-up is essential for UC patients with postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Bolsas Cólicas , Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Proctocolectomia Restauradora , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes , Proctocolectomia Restauradora/efeitos adversos
17.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 156: 112441, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363881

RESUMO

Manganese (Mn) exposure leads to autophagy dysfunction and causes neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's syndrome and Alzheimer's disease. However, the mechanism of neurotoxicity of Mn has been less clear. The methylation of the protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit determines the dephosphorylation activity of protein phosphatase and plays an important role in autophagy regulation. In this investigation, we established a model of Mn (0-2000 µmol/L) exposure to N2a cells for 12 h, used the PPME-1 inhibitor ABL-127, and constructed an LCMT1-overexpressing N2a cell line. We also regulated the PP2Ac methylation level and explored the effect of PP2Ac methylation on Mn-induced (0-1000 µmol/L) N2a cellular autophagy. Our results showed that Mn > 500 µmol/L induced N2a cell damage and increased oxidative stress. Moreover, Mn modulated autophagy in N2a cells by downregulating PP2Ac methylation, which regulated mTORC1 signaling pathway activation. Both ABL-127 and LCMT1 overexpression can upregulate PP2Ac methylation in parallel with ameliorating N2a cell abnormal autophagy induced by Mn, Briefly, the upregulation of PP2Ac methylation can ameliorate the autophagy disorder of N2a by Mn and effectively alleviate Mn-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress, indicating that regulation of autophagy is a protective strategy against Mn-induced neurotoxicity.

18.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the increase in the number of HCC patients, it is critical to predict the survival of patients. Although ferroptosis is closely related to HCC progression, predicting the survival of HCC patients through ferroptosis-related genes is challenging. METHODS: RNA-seq and clinical data of HCC in the TCGA database were analyzed to establish a prognostic model, and ICGC and GSE14520 data were used for validation. Risk score was constructed with 5 genes identified by univariate and LASSO Cox regression analysis. Risk score, TNM stage and cirrhosis were incorporated to construct a nomogram through univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Five genes identified from 70 ferroptosis-related DEGs were used to construct a gene signature that predicts survival of HCC patients in the TCGA cohort. PCA and heatmap showed clear differences between patients in different score groups. Next, risk score, TNM stage and cirrhosis were combined in a nomogram for overall survival prediction. Survival analysis indicated that the overall survival of the low-risk group was significantly higher than that of the high-risk group. The data from the GSE14520 cohort confirmed satisfactory nomogram performance. Furthermore, KEGG and GO functional enrichment analyses indicated that the difference in overall survival between risk groups was closely related to immune-related pathways. Further analyses implied that an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment might contribute to the difference in the prognosis between risk groups. CONCLUSION: The nomogram based on ferroptosis-related genes showed good performance for predicting the prognosis of HCC patients. The model may provide a reference for the evaluation of HCC patients by targeting ferroptosis.

19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 234, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To avoid the inconvenience of triangulation among various rigid operating instruments in mediastinoscopy-assisted esophagectomy, we invented a new technique: used a flexible endoscope to mobilize thoracic esophagus and dissected mediastinal lymph nodes through the left cervical incision. This technology has not been reported so far. In this study, we introduce our long-term experience and demonstrate this new technique. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with early esophageal cancer underwent mediastinoscopy-assisted esophagectomy in our hospital from June 2018 to September 2020. Among them, 12 patients used flexible mediastinoscopy, and 17 patients used conventional rigid mediastinoscopy and instruments to observe their therapeutic effect. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in gender, average age, body mass index, incidence of adverse reactions, bleeding volume, and postoperative hospital stay. The operation time of flexible mediastinoscopy group was significantly shorter than that of rigid mediastinoscopy group (192.9 ± 13.0 vs 246.8 ± 6.9 min, p < 0.01). The number of lymph nodes removed by flexible endoscopy was significantly more than that of rigid endoscopy (8.5 ± 0.6 vs 6.0 ± 0.3, P < 0.01). Postoperative follow-up was completed for all patients, and the average follow-up time was 11.6 ± 7.2 months. During the follow-up period, no recurrence or death was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Mediastinoscopy-assisted esophagectomy is an effective way to treat early esophageal cancer. The application of flexible mediastinoscopy provides more convenience and better stability. It can facilitate the operation of the surgeon and lymph node dissection, which proved to be a feasible technology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mediastinoscopia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Tecnologia
20.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The commercial preservation of table grapes largely depends on the application of sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). However, little is known about whether SO2 participates in sulfur metabolism to improve the postharvest quality of table grapes. In this study, the contents of sulfur-containing compounds, activities of enzymes, and expression of genes involved in sulfur metabolism in table grapes (Vitis vinifera cv. Thompson Seedless) were evaluated. RESULTS: The results indicated that SO2 treatment maintained the postharvest quality of table grapes. The sulfite content in rachises and berries, but not the sulfate content, increased in response to SO2 treatment. SO2 caused high activities of sulfite reductase, O-acetylserine (thiol)-lyase, and γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, thereby increasing the contents of cysteine, hydrogen sulfide, and glutathione in the rachises and berries. The expression of VvSURTL, VvATPS1, VvATPS2, and VvAPR3 decreased in response to SO2 treatment; however, the transcript levels of VvSiR1 and VvOASTL exhibited the opposite tendency. CONCLUSION: These findings indicated that the sulfite converted from SO2 participated in sulfur metabolism and maintained the postharvest quality of table grapes by modulating the contents of metabolites, activities of enzymes, and expression of genes related to sulfur metabolism. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

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