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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121093, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476721

RESUMO

In-situ passivation of soil chromium (Cr) contamination based on chemical and biological passivators has been widely concerned, however, the cooperative effect of two types of passivators on Cr passivation and soil properties was little investigated. In this study, nano zero valent iron (nZVI) and humic acid (HA) as the chemical passivators were selected and were combined with a novel Cr resistant strain QY-1 to study these two points. Results demonstrated that the combination was more effective in Cr immobilization, among which, HA + QY-1 had the highest passivation rate (82.83%), followed by nZVI + QY-1. HA + QY-1 alleviated soil Cr stress most efficiently as its soil relevant fertility indicators, microbial quantity, respiration and seed gemination rate significantly increased. On the contrary, nZVI decreased soil respiration and microbial abundance, but the addition of QY-1 could relieve this phenomenon. The results highlighted the ability of HA + QY-1 to remediate Cr contaminated soil and improve soil stability.

2.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 62: 104671, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698020

RESUMO

Under strictly Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, novel tobacco products are going to be promising alterations to consumers and manufactures. Even though the novel tobacco products have been considered less harmful than traditional tobaccos, there is a few knowledges about the subsequent substances during consume and their impacts to the consumers due to short introduction into the market. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the adverse effects of novel tobacco products on Caenorhabditis elegans(C. elegans) and to provide relevant references for novel tobacco products toxicity research and assessment. C. elegans individuals at L4 stage were exposed to different kinds of novel tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes liquid (e-liquid), the extract of e-cig aerosol (e-aerosol), mint and black tea flavor snus. After specific exposure time, the multiple toxic endpoints of C. elegans were measured, including acute toxicity, locomotion behavior, body length, and life-span. The oxidative stress was tested too. According to acute toxicity assays, the half lethal dose of four novel tobacco products calculated from theoretical nicotine concentration, ranked as follows e-liquid (0.29 mg/ml) > the extract of e-cig aerosol (0.43 mg/ml) > mint flavor snus (1.20 mg/ml) > black tea flavor snus (1.50 mg/ml). The equivalent lethal rate 5%~20% of four novel tobacco products were applied to following experiments. These novel tobacco products damaged nematode's locomotion including head thrashing and body bending, the damage was most evident in two flavors of snus. The similar trends were found in reproductive performance investigation. At tested concentrations, the retardation development of C. elegans was found throughout all stages with peak blockage at adulthood. Life-span tests showed that novel tobacco products at 5% lethal rate seemed no significant effect on affected the life-span of nematodes, with snus shortened the lifespan of C. elegans at 20% lethal rate. Imaging stress response indicted four types of tobacco productions causing stress response in C. elegans. Exposed to either 5% or 20% lethal levels (5% and 20%), the percentages of worms with DAF-16 redistribution among all groups varied, with higher frequencies in both snus. Summary, novel tobacco products caused multiple adverse impacts to C. elegans, including acute toxicity, locomotion behavior disruption, brood size reduction, development retardation, and life-span reduction. The toxicity was associated with both the feature and concentration of tobacco products, and oxidative stress was the main mechanism.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121165, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522067

RESUMO

As a recalcitrant fraction of petroleum, heavy hydrocarbons (including aromatics, resins, and asphaltenes) can remain in contaminated soils even after decades of weathering, thereby causing serious harm to the soil ecosystem and human health. Pyrolysis is a promising technique for remediating petroleum-contaminated soil. However, this technique still presents some drawbacks, such as high energy consumption and damage to soil properties. Therefore, an innovative method using hematite (Fe2O3) for the catalytic pyrolysis of weathered petroleum-contaminated soil was developed in this study. Compared with soil pyrolyzed without Fe2O3 at 400 °C for 30 min, the residual concentrations of aromatics, resins, and asphaltenes in soil pyrolyzed with 5.0% Fe2O3 were reduced by 67.8%, 52.3%, and 67.9%, respectively. After pyrolysis with 5.0% Fe2O3, the water-holding capacity of soil was considerably increased and the soil became darker and rougher. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that many small holes occurred on the surface of the pyrolytic soil. X-ray photoelectron spectrometer analysis showed that a thin layer of graphitic C was formed and deposited on the surface of the pyrolytic soil. We also observed that the wheat germination percentage and biomass yield in the soil pyrolyzed with 5.0% Fe2O3 were even higher than those in clean soil.

4.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686531

RESUMO

A new indoloditerpene (1) and fifteen known compounds (2-16) were isolated from a marine-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor ZZ761. Structure of the new compound was elucidated as (3 R,9S,12R,13S,17S,18S)-2-carbonyl-3-hydroxylemeniveol based on its HRESIMS data, NMR spectroscopic analyses, the Mosher's method, and ECD calculation. This new indoloditerpene (1) showed antimicrobial activities with MIC values of 20.6 µM against Escherichia coli and 22.8 µM against Candida albicans. Diorcinol (2) and versicolorin B (6) had activities in inhibiting the proliferation of human glioma U87MG and U251 cells with IC50 values of 4.4 and 6.2 µM and 11.3 and 30.5 µM, respectively.

5.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23085, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the leading cause of death in developing and developed countries, yet assessing the risk of its development remains challenging. Several lines of evidence indicate that small, dense low-density lipoproteins (sd-LDL) are associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. We aim to evaluate sd-LDL concentration for predicting the risk of ACS in Chinese population. METHODS: Baseline characteristics of 121 patients with ACS and 172 healthy controls were obtained. Plasma sd-LDL-C was measured using homogeneous assay, and the proportion of sd-LDL-C in LDL-C was detected. RESULTS: There was gender and age effect on the sd-LDL-C concentration and sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio among healthy subjects. Elevated sd-LDL-C concentrations and sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio were observed in ACS patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) compared with healthy controls (P < .05); however, there were no differences among ACS groups. According to Pearson's correlation coefficient analyses, sd-LDL-C concentration and sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio were positively correlated with triglyceride (TG) and LDL-C concentrations (P < .05) and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration (P < .05). Based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the cutoff values of sd-LDL-C and sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio for the prediction of ACS were 1.06 mmol/L and 34.55%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio, but not sd-LDL-C concentration, was significantly associated with ACS events [OR (95% CI): 1.24, 1.11-1.38, P < .001]. CONCLUSIONS: The sd-LDL-C/LDL-C ratio may be associated with an increased risk of developing ACS in Chinese population.

6.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the distinction between left- and right-sided colon cancer (LCC and RCC) has been brought into focus. RCC is associated with an inferior overall survival and progression-free survival. We aimed to perform a detailed analysis of the diversity of extracellular vesicles (EV) between LCC and RCC using quantitative proteomics and to identify for new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. METHODS: We isolated EVs from patients with LCC, RCC and healthy volunteers, and treated colorectal cancer cell line with serum-derived EVs. We then performed a quantitative proteomics analysis of the serum-derived EVs and cell line treated with EVs. Proteomic data are available via ProteomeXchange with the identifiers PXD012283 and PXD012304. In addition, we assessed the performance of EV SPARC and LRG1 as diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers in colon cancer. FINDINGS: The expression profile of the serum EV proteome in patients with RCC was different from that of patients with LCC. Serum-derived EVs in RCC promoted cellular mobility more significantly than EVs derived from LCC. EV SPARC and LRG1 expression levels demonstrated area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve values of 0.95 and 0.93 for discriminating patients with colon cancer from healthy controls. Moreover, the expression levels of SPARC and LRG1 correlated with tumour sidedness and were predictive of tumour recurrence. INTERPRETATION: We identified differences in EV protein profiles between LCC and RCC. Serum-derived EVs of RCC may promote metastasis via upregulation of extracellular matrix (ECM)-related proteins, especially SPARC and LRG1, which may serve as diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers in colon cancer.

7.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(1): 6, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754916

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of fabricating FDM 3D-printed gastric floating tablets with low infill percentages and the effect of infill percentage on the properties of gastric floating tablets in vitro. Propranolol hydrochloride was selected as a model drug, and drug-loaded polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) filaments were produced by hot melt extrusion (HME). Ellipsoid-shaped gastric floating tablets with low infill percentage of 15% and 25% (namely E-15 and E-25) were then prepared respectively by feeding the extruded filaments to FDM 3D printer. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to characterize the filaments and 3D-printed tablets, and a series of evaluations were performed to the 3D-printed tablets, including the weight variation, drug content, hardness, in vitro floating behavior, and drug release of the tablets. The SEM results showed that the drug-loaded filaments and 3D-printed tablets appeared intact without defects, and the printed tablets were composed of filaments deposited uniformly layer by layer. The model drug and the excipients were thermally stable under the process temperature of extruding and printing, with a small amount of drug crystals dispersing in the drug-loaded filaments and 3D-printed tablets. Both E-15 and E-25 could float on artificial gastric fluids without any lag time and released in a sustained manner. Compared with E-15, the E-25 presented less weight variation, higher tablet hardness, shorter floating time, and longer drug release time.

8.
Cryobiology ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734127

RESUMO

As the largest proportion of male infertility population, asthenozoospermia patients often resort to sperm cryopreservation to preserve fertility as well as to enrich motile sperm for assisted reproductive techniques (ART), although it may cause some cryodamage during the freezing-thawing process. The objective of this study was to investigate whether mitochondrial antioxidant Mito-Tempo was effective in preventing cryodamage of asthenozoospermic spermatozoa. Asthenozoospermic semen samples were collected and cryopreserved in media supplemented with different concentrations (0.0, 1.0, 10 and 100 µM) of Mito-Tempo. We measured sperm motility, viability, membrane integrity, DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential, oxidation product, and antioxidant enzymes activities. Supplementation of the cryopreservation media with Mito-Tempo (10 and 100 µM) induced a significant improvement in sperm viability, motility, membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential and chromatin integrity (P < 0.05). Significant enhancement of antioxidant enzymes activities accompanied by the decreased formation of oxidation products (ROS and MDA) was also observed in groups supplemented with Mito-Tempo (10 and 100 µM). It is concluded that mitochondria targeted antioxidant Mito-Tempo alleviates cryodamage by regulating intracellular oxidative metabolism in spermatozoa from asthenozoospermic patients after cryopreservation.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730929

RESUMO

Fish live in direct contact with aquatic environment, which exhibits much wider temporal and spatial variations in oxygen content. The molecular mechanisms underlying fish response to hypoxia have become a subject of great concern in recent years. In the present study, we performed transcriptome analysis of spleen and head kidney tissues from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after hypoxia challenge. A total of 2,499 and 3,685 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained in spleen and head kidney, respectively. The expression changes of 10 selected genes in each tissue were further validated by quantitative real-time PCR. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichments revealed that numerous DEGs were immune genes, involved in multiple immune-relevant pathways. In spleen, several pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including Toll-like receptors (TLR1, TLR2-1, TLR2-2, TLR5 and TLR8), Fucolectins (FUCL1, FUCL4 and FUCL5) and macrophage mannose receptor (MRC1), were significantly down-regulated, suggesting that the immune processes mediated by these PRRs may be suppressed by hypoxia stress. However, some PRRs (FUCL4, FUCL5 and MRC1) and other innate immunity genes, such as C-type lectin domain gene family members, chemokines, chemokine receptors and complement components were up-regulated in head kidney, which may be due to the increases in phagocytosis and cytokine secretion by macrophages after hypoxic stimulus. The expression of genes involved in B cell receptor signaling pathway, Natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity and NF-κB signaling pathway decreased rapidly, but regained normal or increased over time, suggesting an early adjustment pattern of fish immune response to cope with hypoxia stress. Moreover, the anaerobic ATP-generating pathway was activated and energy consumption processes were repressed concurrently in both spleen and head kidney. These data provide valuable information for understanding the tissue-specific and temporal changes of immune gene expression in hypoxic large yellow croakers.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16522, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712736

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in animals, plants, and fungi. However, no circRNAs have been reported in Ganoderma lucidum. Here, we carried out a genome-wide identification of the circRNAs in G.lucidum using RNA-Seq data, and analyzed their features. In total, 250 and 2193 circRNAs were identified from strand-specific RNA-seq data generated from the polyA(-) and polyA(-)/RNase R-treated libraries, respectively. Six of 131 (4.58%) predicted circRNAs were experimentally confirmed. Across three developmental stages, 731 exonic circRNAs (back spliced read counts ≥ 5) and their parent genes were further analyzed. CircRNAs were preferred originating from exons with flanking introns, and the lengths of the flanking intron were longer than those of the control introns. A total of 200 circRNAs were differentially expressed across the three developmental stages of G. lucidum. The expression profiles of 119 (16.3%) exonic circRNAs and their parent genes showed significant positive correlations (r ≥ 0.9, q < 0.01), whereas 226 (30.9%) exonic circRNAs and their parent genes exhibited significant negative correlations (r ≤ -0.9, q < 0.01), in which 53 parent genes are potentially involved in the transcriptional regulation, polysaccharide biosynthesis etc. Our results indicated that circRNAs are present in G. lucidum, with potentially important regulatory roles.

11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; : 110676, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744605

RESUMO

The present study aims to examine the distribution, sources and potential risks of toxic metals in the northern Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. We found Cu, Pb, Zn and Hg exhibited similar spatial distribution pattern. Influenced by the Ganges-Brahmaputra River and the Karnafuli River, there were higher concentrations of these metals associated with the finer sediment and higher TOC in the northeastern portion of the study area. Moreover, coal transportation was assumed to account for the distinctive spatial distribution of As with higher concentration down the Port of Chittagong in the eastern boundary. Chemical-screening level assessment demonstrated the majority of the metals exceeded the threshold effect values, indicating certain possibility of adverse effect. The concentrations of Ni were higher than the possible hazardous values, suggesting high possibility of harmful consequences. The uncontaminated sediments mainly distributed in northwestern and the central portions affected by the delta erosion and marine transported sediments.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121587, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744727

RESUMO

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) assisted accumulator has been proposed as a phytoextraction method to clean cadmium (Cd) in contaminated soil, while the mechanisms were few studied regrading PGPR-soil-accumulator as an assemble. In this study, we revealed the possible mechanisms of the plant growth-promotion strain SNB6 on enhancing the Cd phytoextration of vetiver grass by the analysis of the whole genome of SNB6, soil biochemical properties and plant growth response. Results showed that SNB6 encoded numerous genes needed for Cd tolerance, Cd mobilization and plant growth promotion. SNB6 increased HOAc-extractable Cd that showed a positive correlation with Cd uptake in accumulator. In addition, SNB6 improved the biochemical activities (bioavailability of nutritional substances, bacterial count, soil respiration and enzyme activity) in rhizosphere soil. Moreover, the antioxidative enzymes activities of accumulator were significantly enhanced by SNB6. Consequently, SNB6 promoted Cd uptake and biomass of accumulator, thus enhancing the Cd phytoextraction. The maximum Cd extractions in root, stem and leaf reached to 289.47 mg/kg, 88.33 mg/kg and 59.38 mg/kg, respectively. Meanwhile, the total biomass of accumulator was increased by 9.68-45.99% in SNB6 treatment. These findings could be conducive to the understanding the mechanisms of PGPR on enhancing the Cd phytoextraction of accumulator.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109629, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733573

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA), a global environmental pollutant, has been reported to have the potential to induced organs toxicity. This study explored the potential benefits of astaxanthin (ATX), a natural antioxidant, against BPA toxicity in the kidney, and explored whether mitochondria are involved in this condition. Male Wistar rats were fed with a vehicle, BPA, BPA plus ATX, ATX and were evaluated after five weeks. ATX treatment significantly reversed BPA-induced changes in body weight, kidney/body weight, and renal function related markers. When treated simultaneously with ATX, the imbalance of the oxidative-antioxidant status caused by BPA was also alleviated. The high expression of BPA-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines were inhibited by ATX treatment. ATX treatment also lessened the effects of BPA-induced caspase-3, -8, -9 and -10 gene expression and enzyme activity. The benefits of ATX were associated with enhanced mitochondrial function, which led to increased mitochondrial-encoded gene expression, mitochondrial copy number, and increased mitochondrial respiratory chain complex enzyme activity. Our results demonstrate the efficacy of ATX in protecting BPA-induced kidney damage, in part by regulating oxidative imbalance and improving mitochondrial function. Collectively, these findings provide a new perspective for the rational use of ATX in the treatment of BPA-induced kidney disease.

14.
J Fish Dis ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770821

RESUMO

LuxR-type transcriptional factors are essential in many bacterial physiological processes. However, there have been no reports on their roles in Aeromonas hydrophila. In this study, six stable silent strains were constructed using shRNA. Significant decreases in the expression levels of luxR05 , luxR08 , luxR19 , luxR11 , luxR164 and luxR165 were shown in their respective strains by qRT-PCR. The luxR05 -RNAi and luxR164 -RNAi exhibit the most significant changes in sensitivity to kanamycin and gentamicin. The luxR05 -RNAi showed minimum biofilm formation and the least motility, while luxR164 -RNAi showed minimum biofilm formation, adhesion, growth and extracellular protease activity compared to the wild-type strain. In summary, the results of this paper suggest that all six luxR genes are involved in multiple physiological processes in A. hydrophila and that the roles of luxR05 and luxR164 are highly significant. The sensitivity of luxR05 -RNAi and luxR164 -RNAi to drugs may be closely related to biofilm formation. The luxR05 may play an important role in the pathogenicity of A. hydrophila by regulating the movement, adhesion and biofilm formation of bacteria, whereas luxR164 may be involved in similar functions by regulating bacterial adhesion, extracellular enzyme activity and growth. These results help further our understanding of the drug resistance and pathogenesis of A. hydrophila.

15.
Phys Rev E ; 100(4-1): 042303, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770974

RESUMO

Cooperators increase the fitness of others at a cost to themselves. Thus cooperation should not be favored by natural selection in a well-mixed population. It challenges the evolutionists since cooperation is widespread. Information spreading has been revealed to play a key role in the emergence of cooperation. Individuals, however, are typically assumed to be passive in the information spreading. Here we assume that individuals self-recommend themselves to those that are about to have new neighbors. Individuals with higher tendencies of self-recommendation are likely to have more neighbors. In this way, individuals are active to spread the information. We analytically obtain a critical cost-to-benefit ratio, below which cooperation emerges. It reveals quantitatively how eloquent cooperators have to be compared with defectors to ensure that cooperation takes over the population. It also indicates that individuals need to be open enough to the self-recommendation to enhance cooperation level. In addition, the critical cost-to-benefit ratio represents the viscosity of the population, measuring how close cooperators are to each other. Our results highlight the role self-recommendation plays in cooperation.

16.
Clin Drug Investig ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is an important cause of post-surgery morbidity and mortality. However, it is unclear whether thromboprophylaxis with the low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) enoxaparin after non-orthopedic surgery could balance the cost and clinical outcomes or not. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of enoxaparin for the universal prophylaxis of VTE and associated long-term complications in patients after non-orthopedic surgery compared with no prevention in a Chinese healthcare setting. METHODS: A decision model, which included both acute VTE and long-term complications, was developed to assess the economic outcomes of the two strategies for patients after non-orthopedic surgery. Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and direct medical costs were measured over a 5-year horizon. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were calculated. RESULTS: Compared with no prevention, patients under enoxaparin treatment with Caprini risk scores of 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, and ≥ 9 increased by 0.012, 0.017, 0.034, and 0.102 in QALYs, respectively. The results were either that ICERs of thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin over no prevention were lower than the thresholds or that thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin was dominant. For patients with a Caprini risk score ≥ 9, thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin is dominant across the whole drug use duration range. The sensitivity analysis confirmed the results. CONCLUSIONS: As the first analysis evaluating the economic outcomes of enoxaparin in patients undergoing general non-orthopedic surgery, this study suggests that thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin is highly cost-effective compared with no prevention in patients with Caprini risk score ≥ 3.

17.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23127, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The information regarding viral epidemiology and clinical characteristics in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in central Fujian is limited. In this study, we aimed at analyzing the viral epidemiology and clinical characteristics of ARTI in hospitalized children admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. METHODS: Cohort of 386 hospitalized children (31 days to 15 years) diagnosed with ARTI admitted to the Department of Pediatrics from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2018, was enrolled in this study. Nasopharyngeal swab or sputum samples on the day of hospitalization were tested for 11 viruses via a GeXP-based multiplex-PCR assay. The viral profiles and clinical characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall positive rate of the samples was 43.26% (167/386). Among the 167 positive samples, 134 (80.24%, 134/167) had a single virus and 33 (19.76%, 33/167) had multiple viruses. There was a significant difference in the frequency of single vs mixed infections among positive samples (80.24% vs 19.76%; χ2  = 122.168, P = .000) as well as among the total examined samples (34.72% vs 8.55%; χ2  = 77.945, P = .000). Human rhinovirus was the most prevalent virus (17.36%, 67/386), followed by influenza A (5.96%, 23/386) and human adenovirus (5.70%, 22/386). There was no significant difference in the etiological distribution of viral pathogens between males and females (χ2  = 0.480, P = .489). Viral infections were more likely to occur in the winter-spring months than in the summer-autumn months (52.51% vs 33.53%, χ2  = 13.830, P = .000). CONCLUSIONS: The GeXP-based multiplex PCR is an accurate and high-throughput assay allows us to quickly detect multiple respiratory viruses simultaneously in pediatric patients. Our study provides information on the viral profiles and clinical characteristics in hospitalized children with ARTI, which would help better effective prevention strategies.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774673

RESUMO

A novel simple 1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carbohydrazides was reported to discover low-cost and versatile antifungal agents. Bioassay results suggested that a majority of the designed compounds were extremely bioactive against four types of fungi and two kinds of oomycetes. This extreme bioactivity was highlighted by the applausive inhibitory effects of compounds 4b, 4h, 5c, 5g, 5h, 5i, 5m, 5p, 5t, and 5v against Gibberella zeae, affording EC50 values ranging from 0.486 µg/mL to 0.799 µg/mL, which were superior to that of fluopyram (2.96 µg/mL) and comparable to those of carbendazim (0.947 µg/mL) and prochloraz (0.570 µg/mL). Meanwhile, compounds 4g, 5f, 5i, and 5t showed significant actions against Fusarium oxysporum with EC50 values of 0.652, 0.706, 0.813, and 0.925 µg/mL, respectively. Pharmacophore exploration suggested that the N'-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carbohydrazide pattern is necessary for the bioactivity. Molecular docking of 5h with succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) indicated that it can completely locate the inside of the binding pocket via hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic interactions, revealing that this novel framework might target SDH. This result was further verified by the significant inhibitory effect on SDH activity. In addition, SEM patterns were performed to elucidate the anti-G. zeae mechanism. Given these features, this type of frameworks is a suitable template for future exploration of alternative SDH inhibitors against plant microbial infections.

19.
Endocr J ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597814

RESUMO

Although currently the primary strategy for the treatment of pheochromocytomas is surgery, it is associated with a high risk of intraoperative hemodynamic instability (IHD), even with adequate preoperative medical preparation, which may result in life-threatening situations. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a nomogram for preoperative prediction of IHD related to pheochromocytoma surgery. The development cohort consisted of 283 patients with pheochromocytoma who underwent unilateral laparoscopic or open adrenaletomy at our center between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2016. The clinicopathological characteristics of each patient were recorded. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator binary logistic regression model was used for data dimension reduction and feature selection, while multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to develop the prediction model. An independent cohort consisting of 119 consecutive patients from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 was used for validation. The performance of the prediction model was assessed in regards to discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. The predictors of this model included body mass index, coronary heart disease, tumor size, and preoperative use of crystal/colloid fluid. For the validation cohort, the model showed good discrimination with an area under the receiver operating characteristic of 0.767 (95% CI, 0.667-0.857) and good calibration (unreliability test, p = 0.852; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = 0.9309). Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the model was clinically useful. This nomogram to facilitate preoperative individualized prediction of IHD in patients with pheochromocytoma may help to improve the perioperative strategy and treatment outcome.

20.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2800-2808, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584271

RESUMO

The new streptoglutarimides A-J (1-10) and the known streptovitacin A (11) were isolated from a marine-derived actinomycete, Streptomyces sp. ZZ741. Structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated based on their HRESIMS data, extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses, ECD calculations, Mosher's method, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiment. Streptoglutarimide H (8) and streptovitacin A (11) showed potent antiproliferative activity against human glioma U87MG and U251 cells with IC50 values of 1.5-3.8 µM for 8 and 0.05-0.22 µM for 11. All isolated compounds exhibited antimicrobial activity with MIC values of 9-11 µg/mL against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, 8-12 µg/mL against Escherichia coli, and 8-20 µg/mL against Candida albicans.

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