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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of deep learning, the recognition of rice disease images using deep neural networks has become a hot research topic. However, most previous studies only focus on the modification of deep learning models, while lacking research to systematically and scientifically explore the impact of different data sizes on the image recognition task for rice diseases. In this study, a functional model was developed to predict the relationship between the size of dataset and the accuracy rate of model recognition. RESULTS: Training VGG16 deep learning models with different quantities of images of rice blast-diseased leaves and healthy rice leaves, it was found that the test accuracy of the resulting models could be well fitted with an exponential model (A = 0.9965 - e(-0.0603×I50-1.6693)). Experimental results showed that with an increase of image quantity, the recognition accuracy of deep learning models would show a rapid increase at first. Yet when the image quantity increases beyond a certain threshold, the accuracy of image classification would not improve much, and the marginal benefit would be reduced. This trend remained similar when the composition of the dataset was changed, no matter whether (i) the disease class was changed, (ii) the number of classes was increased or (iii) the image data were augmented. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided a scientific basis for the impact of data size on the accuracy of rice disease image recognition, and may also serve as a reference for researchers for database construction. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

2.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1365525, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846033

RESUMO

Background: The disruption of intracranial fluid dynamics due to large unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) commonly triggers a domino effect within the central nervous system. This phenomenon is frequently overlooked in prior clinic and may lead to catastrophic misdiagnoses. Our team has documented the world's first case of so-called AVM Pentalogy (AVMP) induced by a AVM. Clinical presentation and result: A 30-year-old female was first seen 9 years ago with an occasional fainting, at which time a huge unruptured AVM was discovered. Subsequently, due to progressive symptoms, she sought consultations from several prestigious neurosurgical departments in China, where all consulting neurosurgeons opted for conservation treatment due to perceived surgical risks. During the follow-up period, the patient gradually presented with hydrocephalus, empty sella, secondary Chiari malformation, syringomyelia, and scoliosis (we called as AVMP). When treated in our department, she already displayed numerous symptoms, including severe intracranial hypertension. Our team deduced that the hydrocephalus was the primary driver of her AVMP symptoms, representing the most favorable risk profile for intervention. As expected, a ventriculoperitoneal shunt successfully mitigated all symptoms of AVMP at 21-months post-surgical review. Conclusion: During the monitoring of unruptured AVM, it is crucial to remain vigilant for the development or progression of AVMP. When any component of AVMP is identified, thorough etiological studies and analysis of cascade reactions are imperative to avert misdiagnosis. When direct AVM intervention is not viable, strategically addressing hydrocephalus as part of the AVMP may serve as the critical therapeutic focus.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 137: 112363, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851161

RESUMO

Intestinal dysfunction plays a pivotal role in the development of acute pancreatitis (AP), however, the underlying mechanisms of intestinal dysfunction on severity of hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP) are still unclear. Herein, we explored the role of intestinal function on the severity of HLAP. We found that HLAP patients exhibit higher lipid and inflammatory response than AP patients. Hyperlipidemia significantly elevates serum lipids and worsen pancreatic damage in AP mice. In addition, significant exacerbated intestinal barrier damage and inflammation were observed in experimental HLAP mice, as evidenced by increased serum amylase and lipase levels, and pancreatic edema. Further, RNA-Seq showed that a markedly decrease of glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi) in colonic tissue of HLAP mice compared with AP mice, accompanied with increased serum lipopolysaccharides level. However, colonic GSTpi overexpression by adeno-associated virus significantly attenuated intestinal damage and subsequent pancreatic inflammation in HLAP mice. Mechanistically, GSTpi mitigated HLAP-mediated colonic NLRP3 inflammasome activation and barrier dysfunction. These results suggest that intestinal GSTpi deficiency exacerbates the severity of experimental HLAP, providing new insights for the clinical treatment of HLAP.

4.
Environ Res ; : 119285, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823614

RESUMO

This study focuses on the diffusion patterns of principal ore-forming elements (Pb and Zn) and associated elements (Cd, Cu, Cr, and As) in lead-zinc ore. Sampling points in upwind and downwind directions of lead-zinc ore areas at various densities (1 N/km2 - 4 N/km2) were categorized. This study analyzed the statistical relationship between the content of PTEs in the soil around lead-zinc ore and the source strength and dominant wind direction, constructed one-dimensional and two-dimensional diffusion model, and simulated the EER scope caused by PTEs. The findings indicate that: (1) concerning source strength, the content of PTEs in soils of high-density ore aggregation areas is significantly higher than in low-density ore aggregation areas. However, the impact of source strength decreases with decreasing ore grade, with a difference in Pb content of 1.71 times among principal ore-forming elements and almost consistent Cd content among associated elements. (2) Regarding the transport pathways, for most PTEs, the inverse proportion coefficients downwind are higher than upwind, approximately 1.18 to 3.63 times, indicating greater migration distances of PTEs downwind due to atmospheric dispersion. (3) By establishing a two-dimensional risk diffusion model, the study simulates the maximum radius of risk diffusion (r=5.7km), the 50% probability radius (r=3.1km), and the minimum radius (r=0.8km) based on the maximum, median, and minimum values statistically obtained from the EER. This study provides a scientific basis for implementing preventive measures for PTEs accumulation in soil within different pollution ranges. Different risk prevention and control measures should be adopted for PTEs accumulation in soil within the three ranges after cutting off pollution sources. Subsequent research should further investigate the impact and contribution of atmospheric transmission and surface runoff on the diffusion of PTEs in areas with high risk near lead-zinc ore.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(11)2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38891516

RESUMO

Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) coatings are considered to be environmentally friendly antifouling coatings. However, the presence of hydrophobic surfaces can enhance the adhesion rate of proteins, bacteria and microalgae, posing a challenge for biofouling removal. In this study, hydrophilic polymer chains were synthesised from methyl methacrylate (MMA), Poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEG-MA) and 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (TPMA). The crosslinking reaction between TPMA and PDMS results in the formation of a silicone-based amphiphilic co-network with surface reconstruction properties. The hydrophilic and hydrophobic domains are covalently bonded by condensation reactions, while the hydrophilic polymers migrate under water to induce surface reconstruction and form hydrogen bonds with water molecules to form a dense hydrated layer. This design effectively mitigates the adhesion of proteins, bacteria, algae and other marine organisms to the coating. The antifouling performance of the coatings was evaluated by assessing their adhesion rates to proteins (BSA-FITC), bacteria (B. subtilis and P. ruthenica) and algae (P. tricornutum). The results show that the amphiphilic co-network coating (e.g., P-AM-15) exhibits excellent antifouling properties against protein, bacterial and microalgal fouling. Furthermore, an overall assessment of its antifouling performance and stability was conducted in the East China Sea from 16 May to 12 September 2023, which showed that this silicon-based amphiphilic co-network coating remained intact with almost no marine organisms adhering to it. This study provides a novel approach for the development of high-performance silicone-based antifouling coatings.

6.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(11)2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38891739

RESUMO

Agonistic behavior has been identified as a limiting factor in the development of intensive L. vannamei aquaculture. However, the characteristics and molecular mechanisms underlying agonistic behavior in L. vannamei remain unclear. In this study, we quantified agonistic behavior through a behavioral observation system and generated a comprehensive database of eyestalk and brain ganglion tissues obtained from both aggressive and nonaggressive L. vannamei employing transcriptome analysis. The results showed that there were nine behavior patterns in L. vannamei which were correlated, and the fighting followed a specific process. Transcriptome analysis revealed 5083 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in eyestalk and 1239 DEGs in brain ganglion between aggressive and nonaggressive L. vannamei. Moreover, these DEGs were primarily enriched in the pathways related to the energy metabolism process and signal transduction. Specifically, the phototransduction (dme04745) signaling pathway emerges as a potential key pathway for the adjustment of the L. vannamei agonistic behavior. The G protein-coupled receptor kinase 1-like (LOC113809193) was screened out as a significant candidate gene within the phototransduction pathway. Therefore, these findings contribute to an enhanced comprehension of crustacean agonistic behavior and provide a theoretical basis for the selection and breeding of L. vannamei varieties suitable for high-density aquaculture environments.

7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13805, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877213

RESUMO

Fresnel incoherent correlation holography (FINCH) can achieve high-precision and non-scanning 3D imaging. However, as a holographic imaging technology, the huge bandwidth requirements and the amount of holographic data transmitted have always been one of the important factors limiting its application. In addition, the hardware cost of pixel array-based CCD or CMOS imaging is very high under high resolution or specific wavelength conditions. Accordingly, a single-pixel Fresnel incoherent correlation holography (SP-FINCH) compressed imaging method is proposed, which replaces pixel array detector with single-pixel detector and designs a Trumpet network to achieve low-cost and high-resolution imaging. Firstly, a modified FINCH imaging system is constructed and data acquisition is carried out using a single-pixel detector. Secondly, a Trumpet network is constructed to directly map the relationship between one-dimensional sampled data and two-dimensional image in an end-to-end manner. Moreover, by comparing the reconstructed images using neural network with that using commonly used single-pixel reconstruction methods, the results indicate that the proposed SP-FINCH compressed imaging method can significantly improve the quality of image reconstruction at lower sampling rate and achieve imaging without phase-shifting operation. The proposed method has been shown to be feasible and advantageous through numerical simulations and optical experiment results.

8.
Appl Opt ; 63(16): 4332-4335, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856610

RESUMO

We report a high beam quality continuous-wave (CW) 320 nm ultra-violet (UV) laser. An end-pumped praseodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Pr:YLF) laser is constructed in a typical V-shaped cavity structure, while the UV output is obtained through intracavity frequency doubling using L i B 3 O 5 (LBO). We investigate the dependence of the UV output power, as well as the spot profile on the LBO length, and find that the "walk-off" within LBO severely affects both the frequency-doubling efficiency and the beam quality of the UV output. Rotated twin LBO crystals are then applied to substitute for single long LBO crystal to compensate the walk-off effect, resulting in high-power 320 nm output up to 410 mW under the absorbed pump power of 4.0 W at 444 nm, with a high beam quality of M x2=1.02 and M y2=1.04.

9.
Poult Sci ; 103(8): 103896, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38889568

RESUMO

In recent years, a series of public health issues caused by the spread of antibiotic resistance have been widely concerned. The indoor air of livestock and poultry houses is considered to be one of the main sources of environmental contamination of ARGs. This study characterized the micro-organisms and ARGs in the air particulate matter of chicken houses using metagenomics. The study successfully detected 761 different subtypes of resistance genes including aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, MLSB etc., 4 types of mobile genetic elements, and various pathogenic microorganisms from the aerosols in the chicken coop environment. The results showed that the abundance of ARGs in the air of the chicken coop was at a relatively high level, correlation network analysis showed that multiple types of ARGs could promote the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132628, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797292

RESUMO

sCAP was obtained by the nitrate­sodium selenite method. SEM, molecular weight evaluation, monosaccharide composition, FT-IR and NMR of sCAP were carried out. Compared with CAP, sCAP had a relatively smooth and lamellar sheet morphology with edge folds on the surface, presented molecular weights in range of 0.90-97.08 KDa, and was mainly composed of GalA, Ara and Gal. sCAP had both α and ß configurations of the pyranose ring, the characteristic vibrational peak of Se-O-C and the signal of galacturonic acid residue. The phagocytic activity of immature BMDCs, the expression of CD40, CD80, CD86, and MHCII on BMDCs were detected by flow cytometry, the ability of sCAP-treated BMDCs to stimulate the proliferation of allogeneic lymphocytes, presentation of antigens, cytokines in the supernatants and the protein in MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway were detected. The results showed that the phagocytic activity of immature BMDCs was significantly enhanced when sCAP was at 3.92-1.96 µg·mL-1. The levels of IL-6, TGF-ß1, INF-γ, and TNF-α were significantly elevated, IL-1ß and MIP-1α were significantly reduced. These results indicate that sCAP could be as a new immunopotentiator by increasing MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway. This study provides a reference for the research and development of new dosage forms of polysaccharide.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 348, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769308

RESUMO

Regenerating gene family member 4 (Reg4) has been implicated in acute pancreatitis, but its precise functions and involved mechanisms have remained unclear. Herein, we sought to investigate the contribution of Reg4 to the pathogenesis of pancreatitis and evaluate its therapeutic effects in experimental pancreatitis. In acute pancreatitis, Reg4 deletion increases inflammatory infiltrates and mitochondrial cell death and decreases autophagy recovery, which are rescued by the administration of recombinant Reg4 (rReg4) protein. In chronic pancreatitis, Reg4 deficiency aggravates inflammation and fibrosis and inhibits compensatory cell proliferation. Moreover, C-X-C motif ligand 12 (CXCL12)/C-X-C motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis is sustained and activated in Reg4-deficient pancreas. The detrimental effects of Reg4 deletion are attenuated by the administration of the approved CXCR4 antagonist plerixafor (AMD3100). Mechanistically, Reg4 mediates its function in pancreatitis potentially via binding its receptor exostosin-like glycosyltransferase 3 (Extl3). In conclusion, our findings suggest that Reg4 exerts a therapeutic effect during pancreatitis by limiting inflammation and fibrosis and improving cellular regeneration.


Assuntos
Fibrose , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas Associadas a Pancreatite , Pancreatite , Receptores CXCR4 , Animais , Proteínas Associadas a Pancreatite/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas a Pancreatite/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Pancreatite/patologia , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Camundongos , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ciclamos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , Benzilaminas/farmacologia , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Transdução de Sinais , Autofagia , Pâncreas/patologia , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Morte Celular
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4458, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796508

RESUMO

The impact of interbasin linkage on the weather/climate and ecosystems is significantly broader and profounder than that of only appearing in an individual basin. Here, we reveal that a decadal linkage of sea surface temperature (SST) has emerged between western Australian coast and western-central tropical Pacific since 1985, associated with continuous intensification of decadal variabilities (8-16 years). The rapid SST changes in both tropical Indian Ocean and Indo-Pacific warm pool in association to greenhouse gases and volcanoes are emerging factors resulting in enhanced decadal co-variabilities between these two regions since 1985. These SST changes induce enhanced convection variability over the Maritime Continent, leading to stronger easterlies in the western-central tropical Pacific during the warm phase off western Australian coast. The above changes bring about cooling in the western-central tropical Pacific and strengthened Leeuwin Current and anomalous cyclonic wind off western Australian coast, and ultimately resulting in enhanced coupling between these two regions. Our results suggest that enhanced decadal interbasin connections can offer further understanding of decadal changes under future warmer conditions.

13.
Ther Adv Neurol Disord ; 17: 17562864241253901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38799702

RESUMO

Background: Lacunar ischemic stroke (LIS) and deep intracerebral hemorrhage (dICH) are two stroke phenotypes of deep perforator arteriopathy. It is unclear what factors predispose individuals with deep perforator arteriopathy to either ischemic or hemorrhagic events. Objectives: We aimed to investigate risk factors and neuroimaging features of small vessel disease (SVD) associated with LIS versus dICH in a cross-sectional study. Methods: We included patients with clinically presenting, magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed LIS or dICH from two tertiary hospitals between 2010 and 2021. We recorded vascular risk factors and SVD markers, including lacunes, white matter hyperintensities (WMH), perivascular spaces (PVS), and cerebral microbleeds (CMB). Logistic regression modeling was used to determine the association between vascular risk factors, SVD markers, and stroke phenotype. We further created WMH probability maps to compare WMH distribution between LIS and dICH. Results: A total of 834 patients with LIS (mean age 61.7 ± 12.1 years) and 405 with dICH (57.7 ± 13.2 years) were included. Hypertension was equally frequent between LIS and dICH (72.3% versus 74.8%, p = 0.349). Diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, smoking, and prior ischemic stroke were more associated with LIS [odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)), 0.35 (0.25-0.48), 0.32 (0.22-0.44), 0.31 (0.22-0.44), and 0.38 (0.18-0.75)]. Alcohol intake and prior ICH were more associated with dICH [OR (95% CI), 2.34 (1.68-3.28), 2.53 (1.31-4.92)]. Lacunes were more prevalent in LIS [OR (95% CI) 0.23 (0.11-0.43)], while moderate-to-severe basal-ganglia PVS and CMB were more prevalent in dICH [OR (95% CI) 2.63 (1.35-5.27), 4.95 (2.71-9.42)]. WMH burden and spatial distribution did not differ between groups. Conclusion: The microangiopathy underlying LIS and dICH reflects distinct risk profiles and SVD features, hence possibly SVD subtype susceptibility. Prospective studies with careful phenotyping and genetics are needed to clarify the mechanisms underlying this difference.

14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1355739, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38807987

RESUMO

Objectives: To assess leukemia risk in occupational populations exposed to low levels of benzene. Methods: Leukemia incidence data from the Chinese Benzene Cohort Study were fitted using the Linearized multistage (LMS) model. Individual benzene exposure levels, urinary S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA) and trans, trans-muconic acid (t, t-MA) were measured among 98 benzene-exposed workers from factories in China. Subjects were categorized into four groups by rounding the quartiles of cumulative benzene concentrations (< 3, 3-5, 5-12, ≥12 mg/m3·year, respectively). The risk of benzene-induced leukemia was assessed using the LMS model, and the results were validated using the EPA model and the Singapore semi-quantitative risk assessment model. Results: The leukemia risks showed a positive correlation with increasing cumulative concentration in the four exposure groups (excess leukemia risks were 4.34, 4.37, 4.44 and 5.52 × 10-4, respectively; Ptrend < 0.0001) indicated by the LMS model. We also found that the estimated leukemia risk using urinary t, t-MA in the LMS model was more similar to those estimated by airborne benzene compared to S-PMA. The leukemia risk estimated by the LMS model was consistent with both the Singapore semi-quantitative risk assessment model at all concentrations and the EPA model at high concentrations (5-12, ≥12 mg/m3·year), while exceeding the EPA model at low concentrations (< 3 and 3-5 mg/m3·year). However, in all four benzene-exposed groups, the leukemia risks estimated by these three models exceeded the lowest acceptable limit for carcinogenic risk set by the EPA at 1 × 10-6. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the utility of the LMS model derived from the Chinese benzene cohort in assessing leukemia risk associated with low-level benzene exposure, and suggests that leukemia risk may occur at cumulative concentrations below 3 mg/m3·year.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Leucemia , Exposição Ocupacional , Ácido Sórbico , Benzeno/toxicidade , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Medição de Risco , Leucemia/induzido quimicamente , Leucemia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Masculino , Adulto , Ácido Sórbico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Sórbico/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acetilcisteína/urina , Acetilcisteína/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Incidência
15.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4647, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821919

RESUMO

Controllable photofluorochromic systems with high contrast and multicolor in both solutions and solid states are ideal candidates for the development of dynamic artificial intelligence. However, it is still challenging to realize multiple photochromism within one single molecule, not to mention good controllability. Herein, we report an aggregation-induced emission luminogen TPE-2MO2NT that undergoes oxidation cleavage upon light irradiation and is accompanied by tunable multicolor emission from orange to blue with time-dependence. The photocleavage mechanism revealed that the self-generation of reactive oxidants driving the catalyst-free oxidative cleavage process. A comprehensive analysis of TPE-2MO2NT and other comparative molecules demonstrates that the TPE-2MO2NT molecular scaffold can be easily modified and extended. Further, the multicolor microenvironmental controllability of TPE-2MO2NT photoreaction within polymer matrices enables the fabrication of dynamic fluorescence images and 4D information codes, providing strategies for advanced controllable information encryption.

16.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 40(7): 214, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789837

RESUMO

Levan, a ß-(2,6)-linked fructose polymer, exhibits diverse properties that impart versatility, rendering it a highly sought-after biopolymer with various industrial applications. Levan can be produced by various microorganisms using sucrose, food industry byproducts and agricultural wastes. Microbial levan represents the most potent cost-effective process for commercial-scale levan production. This study reviews the optimization of levan production by understanding its biosynthesis, physicochemical properties and the fermentation process. In addition, genetic and protein engineering for its increased production and emerging methods for its detection are introduced and discussed. All of these comprehensive studies could serve as powerful tools to optimize levan production and broaden its applications across various industries.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Frutanos , Frutanos/biossíntese , Frutanos/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Engenharia de Proteínas/métodos , Sacarose/metabolismo , Hexosiltransferases/metabolismo , Hexosiltransferases/genética , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos
17.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e083228, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772899

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with liver cancer are susceptible to experiencing a decline in muscle mass and function, which can lead to physical frailty and have a negative impact on prognosis. However, there is currently a lack of physical activity interventions specifically tailored for these patients. Therefore, we have developed a modular multimodal hospital-home chain physical activity rehabilitation programme (3M2H-PARP) designed specifically for patients with liver cancer undergoing transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE). We aim to validate the effectiveness and feasibility of this programme through a randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 3M2H-PARP RCT will compare a 12-week, modular, multimodal physical activity rehabilitation programme that includes supervised exercise in a hospital setting and self-management exercise at home. The programmes consist of aerobic, resistance, flexibility and balance exercise modules, and standard survivorship care in a cohort of liver cancer survivors who have undergone TACE. The control group will receive standard care. A total of 152 participants will be randomly assigned to either the 3M2H-PARP group or the control group. Assessments will be conducted at three time points: baseline, after completing the intervention and a 24-week follow-up visit. The following variables will be evaluated: liver frailty index, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Hepatobiliary subscale, Cancer Fatigue Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and physical activity level. After the completion of the training programme, semi-structured interviews will be conducted with participants from the 3M2H-PARP group to investigate the programme's impact on their overall well-being. SPSS V.26.0 software will be used for statistical analyses. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been granted by the Jiangnan University School of Medicine Research Ethics Committee. The findings will be disseminated through publication in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2300076800.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Feminino , Exercício Físico , Masculino
18.
Nano Lett ; 24(22): 6568-6575, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787693

RESUMO

Zero-dimensional metal halides have received wide attention due to their structural diversity, strong quantum confinement, and associated excellent photoluminescence properties. A reversible and tunable luminescence would be desirable for applications such as anti-counterfeiting, information encryption, and artificial intelligence. Yet, these materials are underexplored, with little known about their luminescence tuning mechanisms. Here we report a pyramidal coplanar dimer, (TBA)Sb2Cl7 (TBA = tetrabutylammonium), showing broadband emission wavelength tuning (585-650 nm) by simple thermal treatment. We attribute the broad color change to structural disorder induced by varying the heat treatment temperatures. Increasing the heating temperature transitions the material from long-range ordered crystalline phase to highly disordered glassy phase. The latter exhibits stronger electron-phonon coupling, enhancing the self-trapped exciton emission efficiency. The work provides a new material platform for manifold optical anti-counterfeiting applications and sheds light on the emission color tuning mechanisms for further design of stimuli-responsive materials.

19.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 52(10): 5643-5657, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716861

RESUMO

Genomic mutations allow bacteria to adapt rapidly to adverse stress environments. The three-dimensional conformation of the genome may also play an important role in transcriptional regulation and environmental adaptation. Here, using chromosome conformation capture, we investigate the high-order architecture of the Zymomonas mobilis chromosome in response to genomic mutation and ambient stimuli (acetic acid and furfural, derived from lignocellulosic hydrolysate). We find that genomic mutation only influences the local chromosome contacts, whereas stress of acetic acid and furfural restrict the long-range contacts and significantly change the chromosome organization at domain scales. Further deciphering the domain feature unveils the important transcription factors, Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) proteins, which act as nucleoid-associated proteins to promote long-range (>200 kb) chromosomal communications and regulate the expression of genes involved in stress response. Our work suggests that ubiquitous transcription factors in prokaryotes mediate chromosome organization and regulate stress-resistance genes in bacterial adaptation.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Proteínas de Bactérias , Cromossomos Bacterianos , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Transcrição , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Cromossomos Bacterianos/química , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Zymomonas/genética , Zymomonas/metabolismo , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
20.
Pediatr Neurol ; 156: 155-161, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a common phenotype in children with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein IgG (MOG-IgG)-associated disease. We aimed to identify novel genetic variants that distinguish children with MOG-IgG-positive ADEM (MOG-IgG+ ADEM) from children with MOG-IgG-negative ADEM (MOG-IgG- ADEM) using whole exome sequencing (WES) analysis. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage study design. First, we performed WES on five patients with MOG-IgG+ ADEM and five patients with MOG-IgG- ADEM. Following bioinformatics analysis, the candidate variant list was constructed. Second, 29 children with MOG-IgG+ ADEM and 27 children with MOG-IgG- ADEM, together with discovery cohort, were genotyped to identify the novel variants. RESULTS: WES resulted in 33,999 variants, and 5388 nonsynonymous variants were selected for downstream analysis. In total, 118 protein-affecting variants that were significantly different between the two groups were identified. Together with the five variants extracted from the literature, 49 variants were selected as the candidate variant list for genotyping in the replication cohort. Finally, we identified three variants: rs11171951 in NACα, rs231775 in CTLA4, and rs11171951 in GOLGA5, which were significantly different between MOG-IgG+ ADEM and MOG-IgG- ADEM. Only rs12440118 in NACα remained significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (Padj < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We identified strong associations between NACα, CTLA4, and GOLGA5 variants and MOG-IgG+ ADEM in a Han Chinese population of Northern China, which may present novel genetic risk factor distinguishing patients with MOG-IgG+ ADEM from those with MOG-IgG- ADEM.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Aguda Disseminada , Imunoglobulina G , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito , Humanos , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito/imunologia , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito/genética , Encefalomielite Aguda Disseminada/genética , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , China , Pré-Escolar , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Sequenciamento do Exoma , Variação Genética , Adolescente , Lactente , Autoanticorpos/sangue
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