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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128666

RESUMO

A strain of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) BYS2 was previously isolated from Mount Tai, which is located in Tai'an City in the Shandong Province of China. The strain was then stored in the Environmental Microbiology Laboratory at Shandong Agricultural University. To evaluate the effect of the bacterium preparation in broiler production, we fed the bacterium (106 CFU/g) to 1-day-old broilers and continued this feeding for 6 weeks to analyze its effect on growth and immune performance. We found that the average weight of the bacterium-fed group increased by 17.19% at weeks 5 compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The height of the villi in the duodenum and jejunum and the ratio of villi to crypt were significantly increased in the bacterium-fed group at weeks 5 (P < 0.05). Also, the IgG in the serum of broilers in the experimental group increased by 31.60% (P < 0.05) and IgM 30.52% (P < 0.05) compared with those in the control group. The expressions of the major pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), antiviral proteins, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and ß-defensins were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the bursa immune organ indices of broilers in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Also, after 5 weeks of continuous feeding, when infected with Escherichia coli (E. coli) O1K1 and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) F48E8, the content of bacteria and virus in tissues and organs of the experimental group decreased significantly, and the survival rate of infected chickens increased by 31.1% and 17.7%, respectively (P < 0.05). These results show that the anti-infective B. subtilis BYS2 could, to some extent, replace antibiotics to promote growth, improve innate immunity, and enhance disease resistance in broilers.

2.
Neurosci Lett ; 725: 134873, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112819

RESUMO

Blood levels of progranulin (PGRN) are suggested to be decreased in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the association between blood levels of progranulin and the severity of PD is not yet clear. A total of 55 PD patients and 55 normal control (NC) subjects were recruited in the present study. Hoehn and Yahr stages (H&Y) and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores (UPDRS) were examined to assess the severity of the disease. UPDRS motor section (UPDRS-III) was used to assess the motor function of the patients. Plasma levels of PGRN were tested by Elisa assays. Plasma PGRN levels are significantly decreased in PD patients (PD vs. NC: 333.8 ± 8.067 vs. 364.2 ± 10.11 ng/ml, p = 0.020). In the subgroup analysis, plasma PGRN levels decrease as H&Y score increases (H&Y = 1 vs. H&Y = 2: 363.5 ± 3.251 vs. 336.3 ± 7.403 ng/ml, p = 0.013; H&Y = 1 vs. H&Y = 3-5: 363.5 ± 3.251 vs. 218.1 ± 18.12 ng/ml, p < 0.001; H&Y = 2 vs. H&Y = 3-5: 336.3 ± 7.403 vs. 218.1 ± 18.12 ng/ml, p = 0.076). Plasma levels of progranulin are negatively correlated with the severity of PD, as reflected by UPDRS (γ=-0.754, p < 0.001), UPDRS-III (γ=-0.808, p < 0.001) and disease duration (γ=-0.633, p < 0.001). Circulating PGRN levels might be a potential indicator of the disease severity of PD.

3.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140977

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, threatens people's health. Based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) efficacy and treatment theory, we first proposed the Alpinia oxyphylla-Schisandra chinensis herb pair (ASHP) for finding a candidate of AD treatment. This study aimed at exploring the effects of ASHP on improving the cognitive function and neurodegeneration, and revealing the possible mechanism. In this study, an amyloid-ß (Aß) induced AD model was established in mice via intracerebroventricular injection. The Y-maze test and Morris water maze test were carried out to observe the behavioral change of mice, which showed that ASHP significantly ameliorated cognitive impairment. In addition, ASHP reduced amyloid-ß deposition and downregulated the hyperphosphorylation of tau via immunofluorescence assay and western blot analysis, respectively. Subsequently we focused on the PI3K/Akt pathway that is a classical pathway related to nervous system diseases. It also noticeably ASHP improved the histopathological changes in the hippocampus and cortex. Moreover, it was found that ASHP could upregulate the PI3K/Akt/Gsk-3ß/CREB signaling pathway in N2a-SwedAPP cells. Taken together, it suggests that ASHP might reverse cognitive deficits and neurodegeneration via PI3K/Akt/Gsk-3ß/CREB pathway.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195511

RESUMO

Group III-VI family MX (M = Ga and In, and X = S, Se, and Te) monolayers have attracted global interest for their potential applications in electronic devices due to their unexpectedly high carrier mobility. Herein, via density functional theory calculations as well as ab initio quantum transport simulations, we investigated the performance limits of MX monolayer metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) at the sub-10 nm scale. Our results highlighted that the MX monolayers possessed good structural stability and mechanical isotropy with large ultimate strains and low Young's modulus, which are intensely anticipated in the next-generation flexible devices. More importantly, the MX monolayer MOSFETs show excellent device performance under optimal schemes. The on-state current, delay time, and power dissipation of the MX monolayer MOSFETs satisfy the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) 2013 requirements for high-performance devices. Interestingly, the sub-threshold swings were in a very low range from 68 mV dec-1 to 108 mV dec-1, which indicated the favorable gate control ability for fast switching. Therefore, we believe that our findings shed light on the design and application of MX monolayer-based MOSFETs in next-generation flexible electronic devices.

5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 192: 112153, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135407

RESUMO

NEDDylation pathway regulates multiple physiological process, unlike inhibitors, NEDDylation activators are rarely studied. Novel amide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against MGC803, MCF-7 and PC-3 cells. Among them, Ⅶ-31 displayed the most potent activity with an IC50 value of 94 nmol/L against MGC803 cells. Cellular mechanisms elucidated that Ⅶ-31 inhibited the cell viability, arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis via intrinsic and extrinsic pathways against MGC803 cells. In addition, Ⅶ-31 activated NAE1-Ubc12-Cullin1 NEDDylation via interacting with NAE1 directly. Furthermore, the activation of NEDDylation resulted in the degradation of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). Importantly, Ⅶ-31 inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models in vivo without the apparent toxicity. In summary, it is the first time to reveal that Ⅶ-31 deserves consideration for cancer therapy as a NEDDylation activator.

6.
Exp Cell Res ; : 111941, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) has been implicated in initiation and progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Gremlin-1 promotes vascular remodeling of PAH and mediates epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is similar to EndMT. In the present study we investigated the potential role of gremlin-1 plays in EndMT of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs). METHODS: Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and von Willebrand factor (VWF). Migration and angiogenic responses of PAECs were determined by transwell assay and tube formation assay, respectively. Protein expression levels were determined by western blotting. RESULTS: Gremlin-1 induced EndMT of PAECs in a phospho-smad2/3-dependent manner. This was characterized by the loss of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 and an increase in protein levels of a-SMA, nerve-cadherin, and matrix metalloproteinase 2. It was also determined that gremlin-1 facilitated the migration and angiogenic responses of PAECs in a dose-dependent manner. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) was found to attenuate gremlin-1-mediated EndMT, migration and angiogenesis of PAECs by inducing phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and suppressing phosphorylation of Smad2/3. CONCLUSION: Gremlin-1 mediates EndMT in PAECs, and BMP-7 reverses gremlin-1-induced EndMT by an induction of p-Smad1/5/8 and suppression of p-Smad2/3.

7.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a common complication of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and inflammation has been found to play an important role in the occurrence of HT. We aimed to investigate the impact of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), a maker of inflammatory status, on HT in patients with AIS. METHODS: Consecutive AIS patients within 7 days from stroke onset were enrolled between January 2016 and October 2017. LMR was calculated according to lymphocyte and monocyte counts obtained within 24 h on admission. Patients were categorized into three groups according to LMR tertiles. HT was detected by follow-up computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during hospitalization. The multivariate logistic analysis was used to evaluate the independent relationship between LMR and HT. RESULTS: A total of 1005 patients were finally included. HT was observed in 99 (9.9%) patients, with 51 (5.1%) hemorrhagic infarction (HI) and 48 (4.8%) parenchymal hematoma (PH). After adjustment for potential confounders, the odds ratio (OR) of HT was 0.523 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.293-0.936, P = 0.029) for the highest LMR tertile compared with the lowest tertile. Multiple-adjusted spline regression model showed a nonlinear approximately L-shaped relationship between LMR levels and HT (P for nonlinear trend = 0.030). There was no significant association of baseline LMR with PH (OR 0.562, 95% CI 0.249-1.268, P = 0.165). CONCLUSION: Lower LMR was independently related to higher risk of HT in patients with AIS. Admission LMR may be used as one of the predictors for HT. Further prospective multicenter studies are needed to validate our findings.

8.
Environ Int ; 138: 105620, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179315

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Previous studies linking biomass fuel use to hypertension have been inconsistent. We investigated the association between biomass fuel use and the risk of hypertension and blood pressure measures in older Chinese people. METHODS: The prospective cohort study of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) included participants aged 65 years and older in 2011/2012 who were followed up until 2014 in 23 provinces in China. We explored the association between biomass fuel use and hypertension using the Cox proportional hazards model and examined the relationship of biomass fuel use with blood pressure measures using the generalized estimating equation. Additionally, we examined the effect of switching cooking fuels on hypertension during the follow-up. RESULTS: Among 3754 participants who were without hypertension at baseline, the mean age was 86 years old, and 47.5% of participants were men. Reported use of biomass fuel for cooking (50.2%) was associated with a higher risk of hypertension (incidence rate (IR) per 100 person-years: 13.15 versus 12.99, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.31). Biomass fuel use was related to systolic blood pressure (SBP) (ß 1.10 mmHg, 95% CI: 0.48-1.72), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (ß 1.02 mmHg, 95% CI: 0.61-1.43) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) (ß 1.03 mmHg, 95% CI: 0.63-1.43) elevation. Compared with persistent clean fuel users, participants who reported switching from clean to biomass fuels for cooking had a noticeably higher risk of hypertension (IR per 100 person-years: 14.27 versus 12.81, HR 1.49, 95% CI: 1.16-1.90) and higher SBP (3.71 mmHg), DBP (2.44 mmHg) and MAP (2.86 mmHg). Interaction and stratified analyses showed greater effect estimates of SBP and MAP in the oldest oldpeople (≥85). CONCLUSIONS: The use of biomass fuel for cooking was associated with greater hypertension risk, and the risk may be higher among those who switched from clean fuels to biomass fuels in the Chinese elderly population. Biomass fuel use was associated with a statistically significant but small absolute increase in blood pressure measures.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 721: 137807, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179356

RESUMO

Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) mediated by diazotrophic communities is a major source of bioavailable nitrogen in mangrove wetlands, which plays important roles in maintaining the health and stability of mangrove ecosystems. Recent large-scale mangrove afforestation activities have drawn great attention due to introduced mangrove species and their potential impacts on bio-functionalities of local ecosystems. However, the effects of introduced mangrove species on diazotrophic communities remain unclear. Here, we analyzed rhizosphere and endosphere diazotrophic communities between native mangrove species (Avicennia marina) and introduced mangrove species (Sonneratia apetala and Laguncularia racemose) by sequencing nifH gene amplicons. Our results showed that S. apetala and L. racemose introduction significantly (P < 0.05) increased nutrition components (e.g., total carbon and total nitrogen) in rhizosphere, as well as the diazotrophs richness in rhizosphere and endosphere. The relative abundance of clusters III diazotrophs in the rhizosphere and Rhizobium in the endosphere were significantly increased with L. racemosa or S. apetala introduction. Fe and pH were the main environmental factors driving the divergence of endophyte-rhizophyte diazotrophs between native and introduced mangroves. The correlation-based network analyses indicated that the interaction among rhizophyte-endophyte diazotrophs is more harmonious in native mangrove, while there exist more competition in introduced mangroves. These findings expand our current understanding of BNF in mangrove afforestation, and providing new perspectives to sustainable management of mangrove ecosystem.

10.
Food Funct ; 11(3): 2427-2438, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129354

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that seriously threatens elderly health. Schisandrin (SCH) and nootkatone (NKT) are two core components derived from Alpinia oxyphylla-Schisandra chinensis herb pair (ASHP), a traditional Chinese medicine formulation. Previous studies demonstrated that the combination of NKT and SCH exerted a neuroprotective effect in AD mouse models. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether there was a synergistic effect between NKT and SCH and the possible mechanism in Aß1-42 induced PC12 cells. SCH (50 µM) and NKT (10 µM) had the most notable inhibitory effect on the level of Aß secreted by cells. Treatment with NKT + SCH activated the PI3K/AKT/Gsk-3ß/mTOR pathway. Inflammation related proteins such as NF-κB, IKK, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased. The levels of cleaved-Caspase3 and LC3-II were reduced, indicating that apoptosis and autophagy were inhibited. These results revealed that NKT + SCH exerted a neuroprotective effect via the PI3K/AKT pathway, inhibiting inflammation, apoptosis and autophagy.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191937

RESUMO

Transition metal oxides have recently been demonstrated as highly attractive anodes for high-capacity lithium ion batteries, whose electrochemical properties could be further improved through rational architecture design and incorporating reliable conductive network. Herein, mesoporous γ-Fe2O3 spheres/graphene aerogel composites were synthesized via a solvothermal pathway followed by suitable annealing. Experimental results reveal the uniform mesoporous structure and well-dispersed γ-Fe2O3 spheres with the size of 300-400 nm embedded in the mesopores of the graphene aerogel network. Compared with α-Fe2O3/graphene aerogel and pure γ-Fe2O3, the as-synthesized composite delivers, at the first cycle, a high discharging capacity of 1080 mAh g-1 at current density of 200 mA g-1. Even at much higher current density of 8000 mA g-1, satisfactory discharging capacities of 421.5 mAh g-1 can still be achieved. Upon 100 charging-discharging cycles, the specific capacity of as high as 890.5 mAh g-1 at 200 mA g-1 is maintained. The enhanced electrochemical properties could be attributed to their favorable three-dimensional graphene aerogel network, which accounts for the improved structural stability and electronic conductivity of γ-Fe2O3 during the lithiation/delithiation process.

12.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208372

RESUMO

A new flexible memory element is crucial for mobile and wearable electronics. A new concept for memory operation and innovative device structure with new materials is certainly required to address the bottleneck of memory applications now and in the future. We report a new nonvolatile molecular memory with a new operating mechanism based on two-dimensional (2D) material nanochannel field-effect transistors (FETs). The smallest channel length for our 2D material nanochannel FETs was approximately 30 nm. The modified molecular configuration for charge induced in the nanochannel of the MoS2 FET can be tuned by applying an up-gate voltage pulse, which can vary the channel conductance to exhibit memory states. Through controlling the amounts of triggered molecules through either different gate voltage pulses or gate duration time, multilevel states were obtained in the molecular memory. These new molecular memory transistors exhibited an erase/program ratio of more than three orders of current magnitude and high sensitivity, of a few picoamperes, at the current level. Reproducible operation and four-level states with stable retention and endurance were achieved. We believe this prototype device has potential for use in future memory devices.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159858

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease and optimum gene targeting treatment is often impermissible. We aim to determine the intratumoral genomic heterogeneity of prostate cancer and explore candidate genes for targeted therapy. Exome sequencing was performed on 37 samples from 16 patients with prostate cancer. Somatic variant analysis, copy number variant (CNV) analysis, clonal evolution analysis and variant spectrum analysis were used to study the intratumoral genomic heterogeneity and genetic characteristics of metastatic prostate cancer. Our study confirmed the high intratumoral genetic heterogeneity of prostate cancer in many aspects, including number of shared variants, tumor mutation burden (TMB), variant genes, CNV burden, weighted genome instability index (wGII), CNV profiles, clonal evolutionary process, variant spectrum and mutational signatures. Moreover, we identified several common genetic characteristics of prostate cancer. Alterations of DNA damage repair genes, RTK/RAS pathway associated gene RASGRF1 and autophagy gene EPG5 may be involved in tumorigenesis in prostate cancer. CNV burden and DNA damage repair (DDR) genes may be associated with metastasis of prostate cancer.

14.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 73: 8-13, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced flow into the brain or decreased jugular venous outflow from the brain may serve as a potential biomarker for Parkinson's disease (PD). Our goal was to compare the presence of vascular abnormalities, flow, and increases in midbrain iron content (a hallmark of the disease) in patients with PD. METHODS: A total of 85 PD patients and 85 healthy controls (HCs) were imaged at 3T. We assessed vascular abnormalities using magnetic resonance (MR) venography, average cerebral blood flow using 2D flow quantification, and substantia nigra iron content using susceptibility mapping. RESULTS: Fifty-two percent (52%) of the PD subjects showed venous structural and functional abnormalities in the two most severe categories, while ony 14% of the HC group showed these abnormalities. Total arterial flow (tA) was significantly lower for the PD group (10.9 ± 1.8 ml/s) compared to the HCs (11.6 ± 2.1 ml/s) (t = 2.28, p = 0.02). Of the PD patients (HCs), 42% (14%) had little flow on the left side. PD patients had higher heart rates and lower perfusion and the lower perfusion correlated with increased iron content in the substantia nigra. CONCLUSION: Some PD patients showed abnormal left internal jugular veins, lower tA, higher heart rates, and lower perfusion relative to HCs. These indicators could serve as early biomarkers for PD and create new avenues for future studies regarding the etiology of PD.

15.
Environ Int ; 137: 105479, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070803

RESUMO

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) present a global public health problem. Microorganisms are the main cause of hospital-acquired infections, and the biological contamination of hospital environments can cause the outbreak of a series of infectious diseases. Therefore, it is very important to understand the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospital environments. This study examines the concentrations of aerobic bacteria and E. coli in ward environments and the airborne transmission of bacterial drug resistance. The results show that the three wards examined have an average aerobic bacterial concentration of 132 CFU∙m-3 and an average inhalable aerobic bacterial concentration of 73 CFU∙m-3, with no significant difference (P > 0.05) among the three wards. All isolated E. coli showed multi-drug resistance to not only third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics, but also quinolones, aminoglycosides, and sulfonamides. Furthermore, 51 airborne E. coli strains isolated from the air in the three wards and the corridor were screened for ESBLs, and 12 (23.53%) were ESBL-positive. The drug-resistance gene of the 12 ESBL-positive strains was mainly TEM gene, and the detection rate was 66.67% (8/12). According to a homology analysis with PFGE, 100% homologous E. coli from the ward at 5 m and 10 m outside the ward in the corridor shared the same drug-resistance spectrum, which further proves that airborne E. coli carrying a drug-resistance gene spreads out of the ward through gas exchange. This leads to biological pollution inside, outside, and around the ward, which poses a direct threat to the health of patients, healthcare workers, and surrounding residents. It is also the main reason for the antibiotic resistance in the hospital environment. More attention should be paid to comprehensive hygiene management in the surrounding environment of hospitals.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108463

RESUMO

We develop a method to prepare hollow FeP/Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which could be used as highly active and efficient electrocatalysts. The Fe@Fe3O4/CNT hybrids were first synthesized by annealing the CNTs adsorbed with Fe(NO3)3, followed by controlled phosphorization treatment. They exhibit an outstanding catalytic activity for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with a low overpotential of 229 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2, a high turnover frequency value of 0.35 s-1 at an overpotential of 300 mV, and an ultralow Tafel slope of 27.6 mV dec-1, which is much better than that of FeP/Fe3O4, FeP/CNTs, Fe3O4/CNTs, and the commercial RuO2 electrocatalyst. More importantly, the Tafel slope is much lower than most non-noble metal-based OER electrocatalysts reported in the previous literature studies as far as we know. The excellent OER performance benefits from the electron transfer from Fe3O4 to FeP confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, together with good conductivity of CNTs. This hybrid structure supported on conductive CNTs may offer an efficient method to design earth-abundant and low-cost electrocatalysts for OER in practical applications.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(3): 2498-2506, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023223

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a common complication in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We investigated whether the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) is related to HT. Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke within 24 h of symptom onset were included in this study. HT was diagnosed by follow-up brain imaging after admission, and was classified as asymptomatic or symptomatic according to whether patients showed any neurologic worsening. Logistic regression was performed to estimate the association between MHR and HT. Of the 974 enrolled patients, 148 (15.2%) developed HT, and 24 (2.5%) patients experienced symptomatic HT. Compared to the highest MHR tertile (> 0.37), the lowest MHR tertile (< 0.22) was associated with 1.81-fold increase (95% CI 1.08-3.01, P = 0.024) in the odds of HT and 3.82-fold increase (95% CI 1.04-14.00, P = 0.043) in the odds of symptomatic HT after adjustment for possible confounders. Using a multivariate logistic regression model with restricted cubic spline, we found that elevated MHR was associated with a decreased risk of HT and symptomatic HT. In summary, lower MHR was independently associated with increased risk of HT and symptomatic HT in patients with ischemic stroke.

18.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072764

RESUMO

Insomnia is a common clinical disease that can seriously damage the normal lives of sufferers. Suan-Zao-Ren decoction has been used to treat insomnia for a long time. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of Suan-Zao-Ren decoction is still not clear. In this study, the nontargeted metabolomics based on high-resolution mass spectrometry and multiple statistical approaches were initially used to investigate the changes of potential serum and brain biomarkers and metabolic pathways in the insomnia model rat. Principal component analysis-discriminate analysis indicated that the Suan-Zao-Ren decoction treatment improved the metabolic phenotype insomnia. Moreover, the heatmap analysis identified the most important biomarkers involved in insomnia. According to the pathway analysis, phenylalanine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and so on were recognized as the most affected metabolic pathways associated with insomnia disease. These findings provided a comprehensive understanding of the regulative effects of Suan-Zao-Ren decoction on the host metabolic phenotype of the insomnia rats. Our work demonstrated that the metabolomics approach is a promising tool that could help us to conduct the exploration of the therapeutic effects and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines.

19.
J Mol Model ; 26(3): 56, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048049

RESUMO

The activation or functionalization of the saturated C-H is an extremely active field at present. We have explored the triplet state thioxanthone in reactivity of the hydrogen transfer reaction between donors and acceptors. In our works, two donors with quasi-inert sp3 C-H of skipped diene (3,6-nonadiene) and cyclic acetals (benzodioxole) reacted with type II photoinitiators (triplet state of thioxanthone series, TXs) as acceptors are investigated. The excited energies of TXs were obtained by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). TXs show obvious photosensibility based on their low reorganization energies (< 60 kcal mol-1). The isoentropy reactions had linear geometries of transition state (TS). The distortion/interaction model was used to probe the existence of interaction between acceptors and donors in saddle point. The distortion energy and activation barrier of benzodioxole are much higher than those of the corresponding 3,6-nonadiene. The lower bond dissociation energy noticeably affect the transition state. The reaction of triplet state of TXs with skipped dienes were found to have an anomalous low tunneling factors by using Wigner correction and early transition state by using the bond-energy-bond-order method. The triplet state of TXs photoinitiator can induced the hydrogen abstraction from saturated cyclic acetals and the skipped alkadienes. The hydrogen abstraction experiment are confirmed by UV and real-time FTIR.

20.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 47, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Non-HDL-C) is associated with haemorrhagic transformation (HT) after acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to explore the association between Non-HDL-C and HT, as well as compare the predictive values of Non-HDL-C and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) for HT. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled AIS patients within 7 days of stroke onset. Participants were divided into four categories according to quartiles of Non-HDL-C. HT was assessed by follow-up brain imaging. We assessed the association between Non-HDL-C, LDL-C and HT in multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2043 patients were included, among whom 232 were identified as HT. Compared with the highest quartiles, the first, second and third quartiles of Non-HDL-C were associated with increased risk of HT (adjusted odds ratios [ORs] 1.74 [95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-2.78], 2.01[95% CI 1.26-3.20], and 1.76 [95% CI 1.10-2.83], respectively, P for trend = 0.024). Similar results were found for LDL-C. There was significant interaction between Non-HDL-C and age (P for interaction = 0.021). The addition of Non-HDL-C and LDL-C to conventional factors significantly improved predictive values [Non-HDL-C, net reclassification index (NRI) 0.24, 95%CI 0.17-0.31, P < 0.001; LDL-C, NRI 0.15, 95%CI 0.08-0.22, P = 0.03]. CONCLUSIONS: Low Non-HDL-C was associated with increased risks of HT. In addition, Non-HDL-C has similar effects as LDL-C for predicting HT.

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