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1.
Bioengineered ; 13(1): 905-916, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974805

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is believed to be one of the most common cardiovascular diseases, and it is seriously threatening the health of people in the world. The extracellular vesicles (EVs) isolated from mesenchymal stem cells and zinc finger antisense 1 (ZFAS1) have been believed to be involved in the regulation of MI, but the mechanism has not been fully clarified. Left anterior descending artery ligation was used to establish MI animal model, hypoxia treatment was applied to establish MI cell model. CCK8, transwell, and wound healing methods were applied to measure cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Overexpression of ZFAS1 was established via transfecting pcDNA-ZFAS1. Overexpression of ZFAS1 significantly reversed the influence of EVs on cell migration, invasion, and apoptosis. Similar effect of EVs and ZFAS1 on morphological changes of MI rat heart tissues were also observed. The activation of Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway by EVs was remarkably suppressed by pcDNA-ZFAS1. Inhibitor of Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway remarkably reversed the impact of EVs on the cell viability. EVs might improve MI through inhibiting ZFAS1 and promoting Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. This study might provide a new thought for the prevention and treatment of MI damage through regulating ZFAS1 or Akt/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

2.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-9, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001812

RESUMO

Keloid is a disease that seriously affects the aesthetic appearance of the body. In contrast to normal skin or hypertrophic scars, keloid tissue extends beyond the initial site of injury. Patients may complain of pain, itching, or burning. Although multiple treatments exist, none is uniformly successful. Genetic advances have made it possible to explore differences in gene expression between keloids and normal skin. Identifying the biomarker for keloid is beneficial to the mechanism exploration and treatment development of keloid. In this study, we identified seven genes with significant differences in keloids through weighted gene co-expression network analysis(WGCNA) and differential expression analysis. Then, by the Lasso regression, we constructed a keloid diagnostic model using five of these genes. Further studies found that keloids could be divided into high-risk and low-risk groups by this model, with differences in immunity, m6A methylation, and pyroptosis. Finally, we verified the accuracy of the diagnostic model in clinical RNA-sequencing data.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is a common worldwide disease with a higher mortality rate. Studies on esophageal cancer patients with bone metastasis are rare. Our study focused on the clinicopathological features of patients with bone metastasis using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database to further explore the risk factors and survival for bone metastasis. METHODS: Esophageal cancer patients with bone metastasis were extracted from the SEER database. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used to study the risk factors for bone metastasis. Univariable analysis and multivariable Cox regression were performed to reveal the survival and prognostic factors for bone metastasis. The competitive risk model was made to compare the association with bone metastasis among different causes of death. Propensity score matching was used to reduce the bias. RESULTS: Male, middle esophagus, with brain metastasis, without lung metastasis and without liver metastasis were major independent risk factors of bone metastasis. Older age, poorly differentiated and undifferentiated, with brain metastasis and with liver metastasis were major independent prognostic factors of bone metastasis. Patients with bone metastasis had a worse prognosis before and after propensity score matching than patients with other metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Esophageal cancer patients with male sex, middle esophagus and brain metastasis were more likely to have bone metastasis. Compared to patients with other metastatic sites such as liver, brain and lung, patients with bone metastasis had a worse prognosis. Our findings provide recommendations about clinical guidelines for esophageal cancer patients with bone metastasis.

4.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 155: 109981, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007923

RESUMO

d-Pantoic acid (D-PA) is an essential intermediate for the production of d-pantolactone. Here, three d-lactonohydrolases (D-Lacs), namely, Fm-Lac from Fusarium moniliforme SW-902, Fp-Lac from Fusarium proliferatum Nirenberg ECU2002, and Fo-Lac from Fusarium oxysporum AKU3702 were heterogeneously expressed in Pichia pastoris. The constructed recombinant strains produced D-Lacs of 1263 U/mL, 1025 U/mL, and 948 U/mL in a 3-L fermenter, respectively. Simultaneously, these three D-Lacs were used to resolve racemic pantolactone (DL-PL), the hydrolysis rate by Fo-Lac over 40% and the enantiomeric excesses was 99% after 4 h reaction, which outperformed Fm-Lac and Fp-Lac. Under the 800 mL scale reaction, the hydrolysis rate of DL-PL reached 39.2% with a D-PA concentration of 144.6 g/L and space-time yield of 36.2 g/L/h correspondingly. This is the highest catalytic efficiency reported so far, which shows that D-Lac heterologously expressed by P. pastoris has excellent industrial application prospects.

5.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential of molecular amide proton transfer (APT) MRI for predicting the risk group of abdominal tumors in children, and compare it with quantitative T1 and T2 mapping. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 133 untreated pediatric patients with suspected abdominal tumors from February 2019 to September 2020. APT-weighted (APTw) imaging and quantitative relaxation time mapping sequences were executed for each subject. The region of interest (ROI) was generated with automatic artifact detection and ROI-shrinking algorithms, within which the APTw, T1, and T2 indices were calculated and compared between different risk groups. The prediction performance of different imaging parameters was assessed with the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis and Student's t-test. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were included in the final analysis, including 24 neuroblastomas (NB), 18 Wilms' tumors (WT), and 15 hepatoblastomas (HB). The APTw signal was significantly (p < .001) higher in patients with high-risk NB than those with low-risk NB, while the difference between patients with low-risk and high-risk WT (p = .69) or HB (p = .35) was not statistically significant. The associated areas under the curve (AUC) for APT to differentiate low-risk and high-risk NB, WT, and HB were 0.93, 0.58, and 0.71, respectively. The quantitative T1 and T2 values generated AUCs of 0.61-0.70 for the risk stratification of abdominal tumors. CONCLUSIONS: APT MRI is a potential imaging biomarker for stratifying the risk group of pediatric neuroblastoma in the abdomen preoperatively and provides added value to structural MRI. KEY POINTS: • Amide proton transfer (APT) imaging showed significantly (p < .001) higher values in pediatric patients with high-risk neuroblastoma than those with low-risk neuroblastoma, but did not demonstrate a significant difference in patients with Wilms' tumor (p = .69) or hepatoblastoma (p = .35). • The associated areas under the curve (AUC) for APT to differentiate low-risk and high-risk neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, and hepatoblastoma were 0.93, 0.58, and 0.71, respectively. • The quantitative T1 and T2 indices generated AUCs of 0.61-0.70 for dichotomizing the risk group of abdominal tumors.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022640

RESUMO

Correction for 'Engineering lithiophilic Ni-Al@LDH interlayers on a garnet-type electrolyte for solid-state lithium metal batteries' by Wei Liu et al., Chem. Commun., 2021, 57, 10214-10217, DOI: 10.1039/D1CC02932K.

7.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 42(1): 37-55, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that constantly change their morphology through fission and fusion processes. Recently, abnormally increased mitochondrial fission has been observed in several types of cancer. However, the functional roles of increased mitochondrial fission in lipid metabolism reprogramming in cancer cells remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the role of increased mitochondrial fission in lipid metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: Lipid metabolism was determined by evaluating the changes in the expressions of core lipid metabolic enzymes and intracellular lipid content. The rate of fatty acid oxidation was evaluated by [3 H]-labelled oleic acid. The mitochondrial morphology in HCC cells was evaluated by fluorescent staining. The expression of protein was determined by real-time PCR, iimmunohistochemistry and Western blotting. RESULTS: Activation of mitochondrial fission significantly promoted de novo fatty acid synthesis in HCC cells through upregulating the expression of lipogenic genes fatty acid synthase (FASN), acetyl-CoA carboxylase1 (ACC1), and elongation of very long chain fatty acid protein 6 (ELOVL6), while suppressed fatty acid oxidation by downregulating carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A) and acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (ACOX1). Consistently, suppressed mitochondrial fission exhibited the opposite effects. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo studies revealed that mitochondrial fission-induced lipid metabolism reprogramming significantly promoted the proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells. Mechanistically, mitochondrial fission increased the acetylation level of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) by suppressing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)/Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) signaling. The elevated SREBP1 then upregulated the expression of FASN, ACC1 and ELOVL6 in HCC cells, while PGC-1α/PPARα suppressed the expression of CPT1A and ACOX1. CONCLUSIONS: Increased mitochondrial fission plays a crucial role in the reprogramming of lipid metabolism in HCC cells, which provides strong evidence for the use of this process as a drug target in the treatment of this malignancy.

8.
NMR Biomed ; : e4689, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994025

RESUMO

Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) imaging benefits from a longer saturation duration and a higher saturation duty cycle. Dielectric shading effects occur when the RF wavelength approaches the object size. Here, we proposed a simultaneous parallel-transmission-based CEST (pTx-CEST) sequence to prolongate the saturation duration at a 100% duty cycle and improve the radiofrequency (RF) saturation homogeneity in CEST imaging. The simultaneous pTx-CEST sequence was implemented by switching the CEST saturation module from the non-pTx to pTx mode, using the pTx functionality with both transmit channels being driven simultaneously (instead of time-interleaved). The optimization of amplitude ratio and phase difference settings between RF channels for best B1 homogeneity was performed in phantoms of two different sizes mimicking the human brain and abdomen. The optimal amplitude and phase settings generating the best B1 homogeneity in the phantoms were used in pTx-CEST scans of the human study. The comparison of the maximum achievable saturation duration between the non-pTx-CEST and pTx-CEST sequences was performed in a protein phantom, healthy volunteers, and a metastatic brain tumor patient. The optimal amplitude ratio and phase difference setting between transmit channels manifested circular (CP) and elliptical polarization (EP) in the head-sized and abdomen-sized phantoms. In the brain, the maximum saturation durations achieved at a 100% duty cycle using the simultaneous pTx-CEST sequence were prolonged to 2240ms, 3220ms, 4200ms compared to 980ms using the non-pTx-CEST sequence at repetition times of 3s, 4s, and 5s, respectively. The longer saturation duration helped improve the image contrast between the tumor and the normal tissue in the patient. The optimized EP mode saturation pulses yielded improved uniformity of CEST signals acquired from the human abdomen. The proposed simultaneous pTx-CEST sequence enabled essentially arbitrarily long saturation duration at a 100% duty cycle and helped reduce the dielectric shading effects with the optimized RF setting.

9.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131787, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365168

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are important mutagen prevalent in the contaminated sites, bringing potential risks to human health. Iron oxides are important natural components in soils. Pyrene removal in soil using persulfate (PS) oxidation activated by microwave (MW) and magnetite (Fe3O4) was investigated. Fe3O4 significantly promoted pyrene removal in the soil; 91.7 % of pyrene was degraded within 45 min treatment. Pyrene removal rate in the Fe3O4/MW/PS system was 5.18 and 3.00 times higher than that in the Fe3O4/PS and MW/PS systems. Increasing in Fe3O4 dosage, PS concentration, MW temperature, and soil moisture content in the selected range were conducive for pyrene degradation. SO4•-, •OH, O2•-, and 1O2 were responsible for pyrene degradation, and the conversion of Fe (Ⅱ) in the Fe3O4 to Fe (Ⅲ) contributed to the formation of O2•- and 1O2. Characteristic bands of pyrene were more obviously destroyed by the Fe3O4/MW/PS oxidation, in comparison with MW/PS oxidation. Ring hydroxylation and ring-opening reactions were the main degradation pathways of pyrene. The toxicities of the formed byproducts were significantly reduced after treatment. This study provided a promising option for pyrene contaminated soil remediation.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico , Humanos , Micro-Ondas , Pirenos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 609: 414-422, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906913

RESUMO

Highly efficient catalysts are required to solve the intrinsically sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Herein, chromium doped cobalt carbonate hydroxide nanowire array on Ni foam (Cr-CoCH/NF) has been synthesized for the enhancement of OER activity and stability. Compared with pure CoCH/NF, Cr0.2-CoCH/NF, the optimal doping of Cr, shows a low overpotential of 203 mV at the current density of 10 mA cm-2 and a small Tafel slope of 84 mV dec-1 in 1.0 M NaOH. In addition, there is little deterioration in electrocatalytic performance after 1000-cycle cyclic voltammetry and the high activity can be maintained over 25 h. Density functional theory calculations reveal the Cr doping can regulate the electronic structure of nearby Co active center to achieve great enhancement of OER activity.

11.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132109, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492414

RESUMO

The influx of rainfall runoff intensifies phase partition of the pollutant in receiving water bodies, and the phase partition plays an important role in the speciation transformation and spatial partition of pollutants. In this study, the Meishe River on Hainan Island, China, was adopted as the research area, and palladium (Pd) was selected as the target pollutant. The purpose of this study was to explore phase partition of Pd in receiving water bodies and the underlying influential mechanism. The partition coefficients (Kds) of Pd between water and suspended particulate matter in receiving water bodies and rainfall runoff were 0.74 (0.1 × 10-2 - 8.75) and 2.74 (0.5 × 10-2 - 15.70), respectively. These results indicated that Pd dominated the dissolved phase in the receiving water bodies and that Pd dominated the particulate phase in rainfall runoff. Variations in the Kd value of Pd in the receiving water bodies were relatively smooth over time during the precipitation events in May and June. There were no significant differences in phase partition of Pd between the receiving water bodies and rainfall runoff. The Kd value for Pd in the receiving water bodies showed a fluctuating upward trend over time during the precipitation events in August, and the difference in Kd values of Pd between the receiving water bodies and the rainfall runoff were large. Variations in the Kd value of Pd among sections of the receiving water bodies could be roughly divided into two categories, namely, U and inverted-U types. After rainfall runoff converged for 20-25 min, the Pd phase transitions were more frequent within 7 m downstream of the outfall. The Kd value of Pd in the receiving water bodies was correlated with pH, Eh, and total suspended solid (TSS), and the correlation coefficients were 0.52, -0.57, and 0.84, respectively (p < 0.05). Compared with rainfall runoff, pH, Eh, TSS had less influence on phase partition of Pd in receiving water bodies. This might be attributed to the dilution effect of natural water and the unique dynamic mechanism of rivers.


Assuntos
Movimentos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Paládio , Chuva , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1374-1379, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492473

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic reduction of nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) has broad prospects for green and sustainable NH3 production. Due to the electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (eNRR) performance of transition metal compound may be restricted with low yield rate, we develop transition metal interface engineering to improve the eNRR performance. Although the edge of MoS2 catalyst is active, the MoS2(001) surface is inert for N2 electroreduction. Through the hydrothermal and electrodeposition methods, Fe(OH)3 as N2 and H+ channels coated on MoS2 nanosheets array (MoS2@Fe(OH)3/CC) is synthesized. Such catalyst exhibits excellent eNRR performance in 0.1 M Na2SO4 with high Faradaic efficiency (2.76%) and NH3 yield rate (4.23 × 10-10 mol s-1 cm-2) at - 0.45 V (vs. RHE). This work may provide a new electrocatalyst synthesis pathway for artificial N2 fixation. Density functional theory calculations show that electrodeposition Fe(OH)3 can accelerate eNRR process rate of MoS2.

13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 196: 113703, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656853

RESUMO

A sandwiched photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor based on BiOI/Bi2S3/Ag2S was designed for the quantitative detection of cytokeratin-19 fragments (CYFRA21-1) in serum. In this work, due to the intervention of the narrow band gap Bi2S3, the absorption of the light source by the BiOI/Bi2S3 heterostructure has been significantly enhanced. Meanwhile, the matched band structure of BiOI, Bi2S3 and Ag2S promoted the rapid transfer of electrons between the conduction bands and effectively inhibited the recombination of electron-hole pairs, thus enhanced the photoelectric signals. Sulfur and nitrogen co-doped carbon quantum dots (S,N-CQDs) with up-conversion luminescence properties provided more light energy for the base materials. On the other hand, S,N-CQDs were combined with Ab2 through polydopamine (PDA), as secondary antibody labels, further enhanced the sensitivity of the sensor. Herein, the linear range of the sensor was from 0.001 to 100 ng mL-1 and the detection limit was 1.72 pg mL-1. In addition, the sensor provides a feasible way for the detection of tumor markers due to its excellent selectivity, repeatability and good stability.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Pontos Quânticos , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Carbono , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Imunoensaio , Queratina-19 , Limite de Detecção , Nitrogênio , Enxofre
14.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113926, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731962

RESUMO

Hybrid flocculant polyacrylamide-ferric chloride (PAM-FeCl3) was developed to improve the dewaterability of sewage sludge and the dewatering performance, properties of treated sludge, composition and morphology distribution of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) were investigated. The physicochemical properties of the PAM-FeCl3 were characterized, and its effectiveness as a sludge conditioner was evaluated. The results indicated that PAM-FeCl3 conditioning was able to promote sludge dewaterability. Simultaneously, PAM-FeCl3 neutralized the negative charges on the surface of sludge particles and increased the sludge floc size. Besides, PAM-FeCl3 also formed a rough and porous floc structure that reduced sludge compressibility. Meanwhile, the exciting emission matrix analysis suggested that PAM-FeCl3 can effectively disintegrate of EPS fraction in sludge and decompose the aromatic protein-like substances as well as the humic acid-like substances in EPS. Additionally, the larger sludge floc formation, electrostatic interaction and adsorption bridging effect resulted in compression of sludge structure and the decomposition of EPS fractions and improved sludge dewatering performance.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Esgotos , Filtração , Proteínas , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Água
16.
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci ; 380(2214): 20210126, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802265

RESUMO

Men who have sex with men (MSM) make up the majority of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among young people in China. Understanding HIV transmission dynamics among the MSM population is, therefore, crucial for the control and prevention of HIV infections, especially for some newly reported genotypes of HIV. This study presents a metapopulation model considering the impact of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to investigate the geographical spread of a hypothetically new genotype of HIV among MSM in Guangdong, China. We use multiple data sources to construct this model to characterize the behavioural dynamics underlying the spread of HIV within and between 21 prefecture-level cities (i.e. Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, etc.) in Guangdong province: the online social network via a gay social networking app, the offline human mobility network via the Baidu mobility website, and self-reported sexual behaviours among MSM. Results show that PrEP initiation exponentially delays the occurrence of the virus for the rest of the cities transmitted from the initial outbreak city; hubs on the movement network, such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Foshan are at a higher risk of 'earliest' exposure to the new HIV genotype; most cities acquire the virus directly from the initial outbreak city while others acquire the virus from cities that are not initial outbreak locations and have relatively high betweenness centralities, such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Shantou. This study provides insights in predicting the geographical spread of a new genotype of HIV among an MSM population from different regions and assessing the importance of prefecture-level cities in the control and prevention of HIV in Guangdong province. This article is part of the theme issue 'Data science approach to infectious disease surveillance'.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino
18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 125: 104879, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736021

RESUMO

The elastic modulus at the single trabecular level is an important parameter for the understanding of the mechanical behavior of trabecular bone. Current methods are commonly limited by the irregular trabecular shape and the accuracy of displacement measurement. The aim of this study was to propose a method to estimate the trabecular modulus overcoming some of these limitations. For high-precision displacement measurements, in-situ compression within a synchrotron radiation based X-ray tomograph was used. Trabecular displacements were subsequently estimated by a global digital volume correlation algorithm, followed by high-resolution finite element analyses to account for the irregular geometry. The trabecular elastic moduli were then estimated by comparing the loads from the finite element analyses with those of the experiments. With this strategy, the average elastic modulus was estimated to 3.83 ± 0.54 GPa for three human trabeculae samples. Though limited by the sample size, the demonstrated method shows a potential to estimate the mechanical properties at the single trabecular level.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos
20.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 14: 1815-1818, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34880640

RESUMO

Aim: Male, 68 years old, suffering from prurigo nodularis for 7 months, and did not show any significant improvement after oral and topical medications. After 4 months of acupuncture treatment, the NRS for itch scores decreased from 9 to 1; the NRS for sleep scores increased from 5 to 9; HADS decreased from 14 to 2; DLQI decreased from 9 to 5; IGA decreased from 4 to 3. After a 2-month follow-up, the patient was stable in all aspects without new rash. Conclusion: Acupuncture is a feasible method for the treatment of prurigo nodularis.

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