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1.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual function is an important yet understudied aspect of overall health and well-being in older adults. We aimed to examine sexual function and its correlates among people 50 years and older in China. METHODS: We enrolled people aged 50 years and older recruited from four regions in China between September 2021 and July 2022 in a multicenter cross-sectional study. Data were collected through an investigator-administered questionnaire about demographic characteristics, health characteristics, and sexual function status. Logistic regression was used to assess correlates of lower sexual function (the highest quintile of the sex-specific population distribution of Natsal-SF scores [i.e., lower functioning compared with the remaining]). RESULTS: A total of 465 women and 832 men who were sexually active in the past year were included in the analysis (mean age: 60.4 ± 7.2) [Correction added after first online publication on 12 Feb 2024. The word "years" has been changed to "year" in this sentence.]. Over a quarter of all participants were dissatisfied with their sex life. Notably, 92 women and 167 men were categorized as having a lower sexual function. Age (in men only), living in urban areas, general health status, being underweight or overweight (in men only), and having depressive symptoms were associated with lower sexual function. Among all participants, 43.1% of men and 54.0% of women experienced sexual response problems lasting 3 months or more. Less than one-third of all participants had sought help or advice for sex life in the past year. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual dysfunction and sexual dissatisfaction are prevalent among older adults in China and are associated with self-assessed poor health. More efforts are needed to better understand sexual health needs and tailor service provision.

2.
Foods ; 13(3)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338617

RESUMO

Sea buckthorn pomace (SBP) is a by-product of sea buckthorn processing that is rich in bioactive compounds. In this study, different active ingredients were extracted by using different solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, glycerol, ethyl acetate, and petroleum ether) combined with an ultrasonic assisted method. The correlation between the active ingredients and antioxidant properties of the extract was studied, which provided a research basis for the comprehensive utilization of SBP. This study revealed that the 75% ethanol extract had the highest total phenolic content (TPC) of 42.86 ± 0.73 mg GAE/g, while the 75% glycerol extract had the highest total flavonoid content (TFC) of 25.52 ± 1.35 mg RTE/g. The ethanol extract exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity at the same concentration compared with other solvents. The antioxidant activity of the ethanol, methanol, and glycerol extracts increased in a concentration-dependent manner. Thirteen phenolic compounds were detected in the SBP extracts using UPLC-MS/MS analysis. Notably, the 75% glycerol extract contained the highest concentration of all identified phenolic compounds, with rutin (192.21 ± 8.19 µg/g), epigallocatechin (105.49 ± 0.69 µg/g), and protocatechuic acid (27.9 ± 2.38 µg/g) being the most abundant. Flavonols were found to be the main phenolic substances in SBP. A strong correlation was observed between TPC and the antioxidant activities of SBP extracts. In conclusion, the choice of solvent significantly influences the active compounds and antioxidant activities of SBP extracts. SBP extracts are a valuable source of natural phenolics and antioxidants.

3.
Bone ; 181: 117038, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316337

RESUMO

Osteoblast polarity, proliferation, differentiation, and migration are essential for maintaining normal bone structure and function. While the microtubule-associated protein Map1b has been extensively studied in nerve cells, its role in bone cells is less known. We investigated the functional significance of Map1b in mouse bone marrow stromal cells (ST2) and elucidated its relationship and influence on cytoskeletal polarity and Golgi organization. Our results suggest that Map1b, as a microtubule regulatory protein, can also regulate the expression of cyclin PCNA, p-H3(S10) and migration-related protein integrin ß1, thereby affecting the proliferation and migration of osteoblasts. The downstream target gene Rgc32 was screened by RNA sequencing. Furthermore, Map1b, as a downstream mediator, regulates the Wnt5a signaling pathway. This study expands our understanding of the involvement of Map1b in bone biology and highlights its crucial role in governing osteoblast polarity, proliferation, and migration, thereby providing a basis for developing novel therapeutic strategies targeting Map1b in orthopedic medicine and promoting precision treatment modalities. Further investigations on the precise mechanisms underlying Map1b's influence on bone cell function and disease progression are needed.

4.
FEBS J ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303113

RESUMO

Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) complexed to nuclear inhibitor of PP1 (NIPP1) limits DNA repair through dephosphorylation of NIPP1-recruited substrates. However, the PP1:NIPP1 holoenzyme is completely inactive under basal conditions, hinting at a DNA damage-regulated activation mechanism. Here, we report that DNA damage caused the activation of PP1:NIPP1 after a time delay of several hours through phosphorylation of NIPP1 at the C-terminal tyrosine 335 (Y335) by a Src-family kinase. PP1:NIPP1 activation partially resulted from the dissociation of the C terminus of NIPP1 from the active site of PP1. In addition, the released Y335-phosphorylated C terminus interacted with the N terminus of NIPP1 to enhance substrate recruitment by the flanking forkhead-associated (FHA) domain. Constitutive activation of PP1:NIPP1 by knock-in of a phospho-mimicking (Y335E) NIPP1 mutant led to the hypo-phosphorylation of FHA ligands and an accumulation of DNA double-strand breaks. Our data indicate that PP1:NIPP1 activation through circularization of NIPP1 is a late response to DNA damage that contributes to the timely recovery from damage repair.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324019

RESUMO

Cascade molecular events in complex systems are of vital importance for enhancing molecular diagnosis and information processing. However, the conversion of a cascaded biosensing system into a multilayer encrypted molecular keypad lock remains a significant challenge in the development of molecular logic devices. In this study, we present a photocleavable DNA nanotube-based dual-amplified resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) system for detecting microRNA-126 (miR-126). The cascading dual-amplification biosensing system provides a multilayer-encrypted prototype with the functionality of a molecular computing cascade keypad lock. RRS signals were greatly amplified by using photocleavable DNA nanotubes and enzyme-assisted strand displacement amplification (SDA). In the presence of miR-126, enzyme-assisted SDA produced numerous identical nucleotide fragments as the target, which were then specifically attached to magnetic beads through the DNA nanotube by using a Y-shaped DNA scaffold. Upon ultraviolet irradiation, the DNA nanotube was released into the solution, resulting in an increase in the intensity of the RRS signal. This strategy demonstrated a low limit of detection (0.16 fM) and a wide dynamic range (1 fM to 1 nM) for miR-126. Impressively, the enzyme-assisted SDA offers a molecular computing model for generating the target pool, which serves as the input element for unlocking the system. By cascading the molecular computing process, we successfully constructed a molecular keypad lock with a multilevel authentication technique. The proposed system holds great potential for applications in molecular diagnosis and information security, indicating significant value in integrating molecular circuits for intelligent sensing.

6.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 1701-1714, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297716

RESUMO

We demonstrate that the spiral spectrum (also known as orbital angular momentum spectrum) of a Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) beam with topological charge (TC) l is asymmetrically broadened propagating through moderate-to-strong atmospheric turbulence, even the statistics of turbulence is isotropic. This phenomenon is quite different from that predicted in weak turbulence where the spiral spectrum of a disturbed LG beam is symmetric with respect to its TC number l. An explicit analytical expression of the spiral spectrum of the LG beam with l = 1 is derived based on the extend Huygens-Fresnel integral and quadratic approximation, which is used to illustrate the transition scenarios of the spiral spectrum from symmetry to asymmetry in weak-to-strong turbulence. The physical mechanism for the asymmetric spiral spectrum in moderate-to-strong turbulence is thoroughly discussed. Our results are confirmed by the multi-phase screen numerical simulations and are consistent with the experimental results reported in Phys. Rev. A105, 053513 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevA.105.053513 and Opt. Lett.38, 4062 (2013)10.1364/OL.38.004062.

7.
Br J Radiol ; 97(1154): 341-352, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fat radiomic profile (FRP) was a promising imaging biomarker for identifying increased cardiac risk. We hypothesize FRP can be extended to fat regions around pulmonary veins (PV), left atrium (LA), and left atrial appendage (LAA) to investigate their usefulness in identifying atrial fibrillation (AF) and the risk of AF recurrence. METHODS: We analysed 300 individuals and grouped patients according to the occurrence and types of AF. We used receiver operating characteristic and survival curves analyses to evaluate the value of imaging biomarkers, including fat attenuation index (FAI) and FRP, in distinguishing AF from sinus rhythm and predicting post-ablation recurrence. RESULTS: FRPs from AF-relevant fat regions showed significant performance in distinguishing AF and non-AF with higher AUC values than FAI (peri-PV: FRP = 0.961 vs FAI = 0.579, peri-LA: FRP = 0.923 vs FAI = 0.575, peri-LAA: FRP = 0.900 vs FAI = 0.665). FRPs from peri-PV, peri-LA, and peri-LAA were able to differentiate persistent and paroxysmal AF with AUC values of 0.804, 0.819, and 0.694. FRP from these regions improved AF recurrence prediction with an AUC of 0.929, 0.732, and 0.794. Patients with FRP cut-off values of ≥0.16, 0.38, and 0.26 had a 7.22-, 5.15-, and 4.25-fold higher risk of post-procedure recurrence, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: FRP demonstrated potential in identifying AF, distinguishing AF types, and predicting AF recurrence risk after ablation. FRP from peri-PV fat depot exhibited a strong correlation with AF. Therefore, evaluating epicardial fat using FRP was a promising approach to enhance AF clinical management. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The role of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) in AF had been confirmed, we focussed on the relationship between EAT around pulmonary arteries and LAA in AF which was still unknown. Meanwhile, we used the FRP to excavate more information of EAT in AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva , Ablação por Cateter/métodos
8.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 97, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a severe systemic inflammatory disorder manifested by a dysregulated immune response to infection and multi-organ failure. Numerous studies have shown that elevated ferritin levels exist as an essential feature during sepsis and are able to suggest patients' prognoses. At the same time, the specific mechanism of ferritin-induced inflammatory injury remains unclear. METHODS: Hyper-ferritin state during inflammation was performed by injecting ferritin into a mouse model and demonstrated that injection of ferritin could induce a systemic inflammatory response and increase neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation.Padi4-/-, Elane-/- and Cybb-/- mice were used for the NETs formation experiment. Western blot, immunofluorescence, ELISA, and flow cytometry examined the changes in NETs, inflammation, and related signaling pathways. RESULTS: Ferritin induces NET formation in a peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), neutrophil elastase (NE), and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent manner, thereby exacerbating the inflammatory response. Mechanistically, ferritin induces the expression of neutrophil macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR), which promotes the formation of NETs. Clinically, high levels of ferritin in patients with severe sepsis correlate with NETs-mediated cytokines storm and are proportional to the severity of sepsis-induced lung injury. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we demonstrated that hyper-ferritin can induce systemic inflammation and increase NET formation in an MSR-dependent manner. This process relies on PAD4, NE, and ROS, further aggravating acute lung injury. In the clinic, high serum ferritin levels are associated with elevated NETs and worse lung injury, which suggests a poor prognosis for patients with sepsis. Our study indicated that targeting NETs or MSR could be a potential treatment to alleviate lung damage and systemic inflammation during sepsis. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Sepse , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores/metabolismo
9.
Membranes (Basel) ; 14(2)2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392659

RESUMO

Graphene oxide (GO) with its atomic thickness and abundant functional groups holds great potential in molecular-scale membrane separation. However, constructing high-speed and highly selective water transport channels within GO membranes remains a key challenge. Herein, sulfonato calix[n]arenes (SCn) molecules with a cavity structure, hydrophilic entrance, and hydrophobic wall were incorporated into GO interlayer channels through a layer-by-layer assembly approach to facilitate water permeation in a water/ethanol separation process. The hydrophilic entrance enables preferential access of water molecules to the cavity over ethanol molecules, while the high hydrophobicity of the cavity wall confers low resistance for water diffusion. After incorporating SCn molecules, the membrane shows a remarkable increase in the water/ethanol separation factor from 732 to 1260, while the permeate flux also increases by about 50%. In addition, the strong electrostatic interactions between the building blocks endow the membrane with excellent swelling resistance even under a high water content. This work provides an effective strategy of constructing high-efficiency water transport channels in membrane.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(2): 158, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383528

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is a primary treatment for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is an important hurdle to effective treatment. Understanding the mechanisms underlying chemotherapy resistance in ESCC is an unmet medical need to improve the survival of ESCC. Herein, we demonstrate that ferroptosis triggered by inhibiting high mobility group AT-hook 1 (HMGA1) may provide a novel opportunity to gain an effective therapeutic strategy against chemoresistance in ESCC. HMGA1 is upregulated in ESCC and works as a key driver for cisplatin (DDP) resistance in ESCC by repressing ferroptosis. Inhibition of HMGA1 enhances the sensitivity of ESCC to ferroptosis. With a transcriptome analysis and following-up assays, we demonstrated that HMGA1 upregulates the expression of solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11), a key transporter maintaining intracellular glutathione homeostasis and inhibiting the accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA), thereby suppressing cell ferroptosis. HMGA1 acts as a chromatin remodeling factor promoting the binding of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) to the promoter of SLC7A11, and hence enhancing the transcription of SLC7A11 and maintaining the redox balance. We characterized that the enhanced chemosensitivity of ESCC is primarily attributed to the increased susceptibility of ferroptosis resulting from the depletion of HMGA1. Moreover, we utilized syngeneic allograft tumor models and genetically engineered mice of HMGA1 to induce ESCC and validated that depletion of HMGA1 promotes ferroptosis and restores the sensitivity of ESCC to DDP, and hence enhances the therapeutic efficacy. Our finding uncovers a critical role of HMGA1 in the repression of ferroptosis and thus in the establishment of DDP resistance in ESCC, highlighting HMGA1-based rewiring strategies as potential approaches to overcome ESCC chemotherapy resistance. Schematic depicting that HMGA1 maintains intracellular redox homeostasis against ferroptosis by assisting ATF4 to activate SLC7A11 transcription, resulting in ESCC resistance to chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Ferroptose , Animais , Camundongos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Proteína HMGA1a/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Proteína HMGA1b , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
11.
Food Funct ; 15(4): 2295-2313, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323487

RESUMO

NLRP3 inflammasome activation plays a key role in the development of diabetes-induced cognitive impairment. However, strategies to inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome activation remain elusive. Herein, we evaluated the impact of a walnut-derived peptide, TWLPLPR (TW-7), on cognitive impairment in high-fat diet/streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice and explored its underlying mechanisms in high glucose-induced HT-22 cells. In the Morris water maze test, TW-7 alleviated cognitive deficits in mice; this was confirmed at the level of synaptic structure and dendritic spine density in the mouse hippocampus using transmission electron microscopy and Golgi staining. TW-7 increased the expression of synaptic plasticity-related proteins and suppressed the NEK7/NLRP3 inflammatory pathway, as determined by western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis. The mechanism of action of TW-7 was verified in an HT-22 cell model of high glucose-induced insulin resistance. Collectively, TW-7 could regulate T2DM neuroinflammation and synaptic function-induced cognitive impairment by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and improving synaptic plasticity.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Juglans , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Juglans/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Glucose
12.
Adv Mater ; : e2314050, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380790

RESUMO

Self-charging zinc batteries that combine energy harvesting technology with batteries are candidates for reliable self-charging power systems. However, the lack of rational materials design resulted in unsatisfactory self-charging performance. Here, a covalent organic framework containing pyrene-4,5,9,10-tetraone groups (COF-PTO) is reported as a cathode material for aqueous self-charging zinc batteries. The ordered channel structure of the COF-PTO provides excellent capacity retention performance and ultra-fast ion transfer, with a capacity retention of up to 98% after 18000 cycles at 10 A g-1 . To visually assess the self-charging performance, two parameters, namely self-charging efficiency (self-charging discharge capacity/galvanostatic discharge capacity, η) and average self-charging rate (total discharge capacity after cyclic self-charging/total cyclic self-charging time, ν), were proposed for performance evaluation. COF-PTO achieved an impressive η of 96.9% and an ν of 30 mAh g-1 self-charge capacity per hour in 100 self-charging cycles, surpassing the previous reports. Mechanism studies reveal that COF-PTO contains abundant C = O functional groups, enabling the co-insertion of Zn2+ and H+ double ions in aqueous zinc ion batteries to achieve self-charging performance. In addition, the C = N and C = O (on the benzene) in COF-PTO are ortho structures to each other, which can easily form metal heterocycles with Zn ions, thereby driving the forward progress of the self-charging reaction and enhancing the self-charging performance. This work broadens the application scope of COF materials in aqueous zinc batteries and paves the way for designing high-efficiency self-charging batteries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362695

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Zuogui pill (ZGP) is the traditional Chinese medicine for tonifying kidney yin. Clinical and animal studies have shown that ZGP effectively enhances neurologic impairment after ischemic stroke, which may be related to promoting neurite outgrowth. This investigation aimed to prove the pro-neurite outgrowth impact of ZGP and define the underlying molecular pathway in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The major biochemical components in the ZGP were investigated using UPLC-QTOF-MS. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) was employed to stimulate SH-SY5Y cells to develop into mature neurons, followed by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation damage (OGD/R). Then the cells were supplemented with different concentrations of ZGP, and cell viability was identified by CCK-8. The neurites' outgrowth abilities were detected by wound healing test, while immunofluorescence staining of ß-III-tubulin was used to label neurites and measure their length. Western blot was employed to discover the changes in protein levels. RESULTS: ZGP improved the cell viability of differentiated SH-SY5Y cells following OGD/R damage, according to the CCK-8 assay. Concurrently, ZGP promoted neurite outgrowth and improved neurite crossing and migration ability. Protein expression analysis showed that ZGP upregulated the expression of GAP43, OPN, p-IGF-1R, mTOR, and p-S6 proteins but downregulated the expression of PTEN protein. Blocking assay with IGF-1R specific inhibitor Linstinib suggested IGF-1R mediated mTOR signaling pathway was involved in the pro-neurite outgrowth effect of ZGP. CONCLUSION: This work illustrated the molecular mechanism underpinning ZGP's action and offered more proof of its ability to promote neurite outgrowth and regeneration following ischemic stroke.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372068

RESUMO

Recent studies have indicated that dysregulation of the Hippo/Yes-associated protein (YAP) axis is associated with tumor progression and therapy resistance in various cancer types, including lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Understanding the regulation of Hippo signaling in LUAD is of great significance. Elevated levels of TRIB3, a pseudo kinase, have been observed in certain lung malignancies and are associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Our research aims to investigate whether increased TRIB3 levels enhance the malignant characteristics of LUAD cells and tumor progression through its interaction with the Hippo signaling pathway. In this study, we reported a positive correlation between elevated expression of TRIB3 and LUAD progression. Additionally, TRIB3 has the ability to enhance TEAD luciferase function and suppress Hippo pathway activity. Moreover, TRIB3 increases total YAP protein levels and promotes YAP nuclear localization. Mechanistic experiments revealed that TRIB3 directly interacts with large tumor suppressor kinase 1 (LATS1), thereby suppressing Hippo signaling. Moreover, the decrease in METTL3-mediated N6-methyladenosine modification of TRIB3 results in a substantial elevation of its expression levels in LUAD cells. Collectively, our research unveils a novel discovery that TRIB3 enhances the growth and invasion of LUAD cells by interacting with LATS1 and inhibiting the Hippo signaling pathway. TRIB3 may serve as a potential biomarker for an unfavorable prognosis and a target for novel treatments in YAP-driven lung cancer.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202319936, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372428

RESUMO

Revealing the dynamic reconstruction process and tailoring advanced copper (Cu) catalysts is of paramount significance for promoting the conversion of CO2 into ethylene (C2H4), paving the way for carbon neutralization and facilitating renewable energy storage. In this study, we initially employed density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to elucidate the restructuring behavior of a catalyst under electrochemical conditions and delineated its restructuring patterns. Leveraging insights into this restructuring behavior, we devised an efficient, low-coordination copper-based catalyst. The resulting synthesized catalyst demonstrated an impressive Faradaic efficiency (FE) exceeding 70% for ethylene generation at a current density of 800 mA cm-2. Furthermore, it showed robust stability, maintaining consistent performance for 230 hours at a cell voltage of 3.5 V in a full-cell system. Our research not only deepens the understanding of the active sites involved in designing efficient carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) catalysts but also advances CO2 electrolysis technologies for industrial application.

16.
Small ; : e2309302, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372497

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework materials are ideal materials characterized by open frameworks, adjustable components, and high catalytic activity. They are extensively utilized for catalysis. Due to decomposition and structural collapse under high temperatures and an oxygen-rich environment, the potential of thermal catalysis is greatly limited. In this research, Co-rich hollow spheres (Co-HSs) with a gradient composition are designed and synthesized to investigate their thermal catalytic properties in the ammonium perchlorate(AP)system. The results demonstrate that Co-HSs@AP exhibits good thermal catalytic activity and a high-temperature decomposition of 292.5 °C, which is 121.6 °C lower than pure AP. The hierarchical structure confers structural stability during the thermal decomposition process. Thermogravimetry-infrared indicates that the inclusion of Co-HSs successfully boosts the level of reactive oxygen species and achieves thorough oxidation of NH3 . Based on the above phenomenon, macro dynamics calculations are carried out. The results show that Co-HSs can promote the circulation of lattice oxygen and reactive oxygen species and the multidimensional diffusion of NH3 in an oxygen-rich environment. This material has significant potential for application in the fields of thermal catalysis and ammonia oxidation.

17.
Environ Res ; 249: 118431, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346481

RESUMO

Plant uptake, accumulation, and transformation of organophosphate esters (OPEs) play vital roles in their geochemical cycles and exposure risks. Here we reviewed the recent research advances in OPEs in plants. The mean OPE concentrations based on dry/wet/lipid weight varied in 4.80-3,620/0.287-26.8/12,000-315,000 ng g-1 in field plants, and generally showed positive correlations with those in plant habitats. OPEs with short-chain substituents and high hydrophilicity, particularly the commonly used chlorinated OPEs, showed dominance in most plant samples, whereas some tree barks, fruits, seeds, and roots demonstrated dominance of hydrophobic OPEs. Both hydrophilic and hydrophobic OPEs can enter plants via root and foliar uptake, and the former pathway is mainly passively mediated by various membrane proteins. After entry, different OPEs undergo diverse subcellular distributions and acropetal/basipetal/intergenerational translocations, depending on their physicochemical properties. Hydrophilic OPEs mainly exist in cell sap and show strong transferability, hydrophobic OPEs demonstrate dominant distributions in cell wall and limited migrations owing to the interception of Casparian strips and cell wall. Additionally, plant species, transpiration capacity, growth stages, commensal microorganisms, and habitats also affect OPE uptake and transfer in plants. OPE metabolites derived from various Phase I transformations and Phase II conjugations are increasingly identified in plants, and hydrolysis and hydroxylation are the most common metabolic processes. The metabolisms and products of OPEs are closely associated with their structures and degradation resistance and plant species. In contrast, plant-derived food consumption contributes considerably to the total dietary intakes of OPEs by human, particularly the cereals, and merits specifical attention. Based on the current research limitations, we proposed the research perspectives regarding OPEs in plants, with the emphases on their behavior and fate in field plants, interactions with plant-related microorganisms, multiple uptake pathways and mechanisms, and comprehensive screening analysis and risk evaluation.

18.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) can play an auxiliary role in the selection of patients with acute ischemic stroke for endovascular treatment. However, data on CTP in non-stroke patients with intracranial arterial stenosis are scarce. We aimed to investigate images in patients with asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis to determine the detection accuracy and interpretation time of large/medium-artery stenosis or occlusion when combining computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and CTP images. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 39 patients with asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis from our hospital database from January 2021 to August 2023 who underwent head CTP, head CTA, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Head CTA images were generated from the CTP data, and the diagnostic performance for each artery was assessed. Two readers independently interpreted the CTA images before and after CTP, and the results were analyzed. RESULTS: After adding CTP maps, the accuracy (area under the curve) of diagnosing internal carotid artery (R1: 0.847 vs. 0.907, R2: 0.776 vs. 0.887), middle cerebral artery (R1: 0.934 vs. 0.933, R2: 0.927 vs. 0.981), anterior cerebral artery (R1: 0.625 vs. 0.750, R2: 0.609 vs. 0.750), vertebral artery (R1: 0.743 vs. 0.764, R2: 0.748 vs. 0.846), and posterior cerebral artery (R1: 0.390 vs. 0.575, R2: 0.390 vs. 0.585) occlusions increased for both readers (p < 0.05). Mean interpretation time (R1: 72.4 ± 6.1 s vs. 67.7 ± 6.4 s, R2: 77.7 ± 3.8 s vs. 72.6 ± 4.7 s) decreased when using a combination of both images both readers (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of CTP images improved the accuracy of interpreting CTA images and reduced the interpretation time in asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. These findings support the use of CTP imaging in patients with asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Perfusão , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos
19.
Phytochemistry ; 220: 114032, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369172

RESUMO

Penicillium citrinum GZWMJZ-836 is an endophytic fungus from Drynaria roosii Nakaike. Five previously undescribed citrinin derivatives (1-5) and six intermediates related to their biosynthesis (6-11) were obtained from the extract of this strain's solid fermentation using multiple column chromatography separations, including high-performance liquid chromatography. The structures of these compounds were determined through comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, primarily using NMR and HRESIMS data. The stereochemistry was mainly confirmed by ECD calculations, and the configurations of C-7' in compounds 4 and 5 were determined using 13C NMR calculations. Compounds 4-5 and 8 showed antibacterial activity against five strains, with minimum inhibitory concentration values ranging from 7.8 to 125 µM. Compounds 4 and 7 exhibited inhibitions against three plant pathogenic fungi, with IC50 values ranging from 66.6 to 152.1 µM. Additionally, a putative biosynthetic pathway for compounds 1-5 derived from citrinin was proposed.

20.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(2): 464-485, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169584

RESUMO

Acute lung injury is a serious complication of sepsis with high morbidity and mortality. Pyroptosis is a proinflammatory form of programmed cell death that leads to immune dysregulation and organ dysfunction during sepsis. We previously found that adenosine deaminase acting on double-stranded RNA 1 (ADAR1) plays regulatory roles in the pathology of sepsis, but the mechanism of ADAR1 in sepsis-induced pyroptosis and lung injury remains unclear. Here, we mainly investigated the regulatory effects and underlying mechanism of ADAR1 in sepsis-induced lung injury and pyroptosis of pulmonary macrophages through RNA sequencing of clinical samples, caecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic mouse models, and in vitro cellular experiments using RAW264.7 cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. The results showed that pyroptosis was activated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with sepsis. In the CLP-induced septic mouse model, pyroptosis was mainly activated in pulmonary macrophages. LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells showed significantly increased activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. ADAR1 was downregulated in PMBCs of patients with sepsis, and overexpression of ADAR1 alleviated CLP-induced lung injury and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Mechanistically, the regulatory effects of ADAR1 on macrophage pyroptosis were mediated by the miR-21/A20/NLRP3 signalling cascade. ADAR1 attenuated sepsis-induced lung injury and hindered the activation of pyroptosis in pulmonary macrophages in sepsis through the miR-21/A20/NLRP3 axis. Our study highlights the role of ADAR1 in protecting pulmonary macrophages against pyroptosis and suggests targeting ADAR1/miR-21 signalling as a therapeutic opportunity in sepsis-related lung injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , MicroRNAs , Sepse , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Adenosina Desaminase/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamassomos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos Alveolares , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Piroptose , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/genética
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