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1.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 29332-29339, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684669

RESUMO

An approach for generating cycloidal pattern of liquid crystal (LC) molecules based on interference-free and single exposure is illustrated. The spatial manipulation of polarization state is achieved using birefringent prism and wave plates. And then, the spatially variant polarization of exposure beam is transferred to LC molecules by azo-dye photo-sensitive layer. Consequently, the LC samples fabricated shows periodically cycloidal texture and diffraction efficiency more than 99%. The measured period Λ and diffraction angle are in good consistency with theoretical results. Thus, this exposure method provides an effective and robust way for fabricating large-area LC elements, therefore paving the way for widespread applications of high-performance diffractive LC devices.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225421, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721814

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132596.].

3.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691337

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in children and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in certain genes influence risk of ALL. Although FOXO3 had been demonstrated to be involved leukemia, the role of FOXO3 polymorphisms was still not clear. In the present study, we explored the association of FOXO3 SNPs with ALL risk in Chinese children. We genotyped four polymorphisms (rs17069665 A>G, rs4945816 T>C, rs4946936 C>T, and rs9400241 A>C) of FOXO3 in 425 ALL cases and 1339 health controls. The associations were estimated by odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Further analyses were performed to explore associations of rs17069665 and rs9400241 with ALL susceptibility in terms of age, gender, immunophenotype, minimal residual disease (MRD), and other clinical characteristics. We found rs17069665 related to the increased ALL risk (OR = 1.76; 95% CI = 1.02-3.04), rs9400241 related to decreased ALL risk (OR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.64-0.99). The effects of rs17069665 on ALL risk were more predominant in males and children < 10 years, and patients with lower rates of platelet or neutrophil. As for rs9400241, the effects were more predominant in children < 10 years, and in patients with pre B ALL, positive MRD, anemia, or hepatomegaly. In conclusion, FOXO3 gene polymorphisms influence the risk of ALL in children and might be a potential biomarker for ALL susceptibility.

4.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 405, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of extremely preterm (EP) infants have survived worldwide. However, few data have been reported from China. This study was designed to investigate the short-term outcomes of EP infants at discharge in Guangdong province. METHODS: A total of 2051 EP infants discharged from 26 neonatal intensive care units during 2008-2017 were enrolled. The data from 2008 to 2012 were collected retrospectively, and from 2013 to 2017 were collected prospectively. Their hospitalization records were reviewed. RESULTS: During 2008-2017, the mean gestational age (GA) was 26.68 ± 1.00 weeks and the mean birth weight (BW) was 935 ± 179 g. The overall survival rate at discharge was 52.5%. There were 321 infants (15.7%) died despite active treatment, and 654 infants (31.9%) died after medical care withdrawal. The survival rates increased with advancing GA and BW (p < 0.001). The annual survival rate improved from 36.2% in 2008 to 59.3% in 2017 (p < 0.001). EP infants discharged from hospitals in Guangzhou and Shenzhen cities had a higher survival rate than in others (p < 0.001). The survival rate of EP infants discharged from general hospitals was lower than in specialist hospitals (p < 0.001). The major complications were neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, 88.0% (1804 of 2051), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 32.3% (374 of 1158), retinopathy of prematurity (any grade), 45.1% (504 of 1117), necrotizing enterocolitis (any stage), 10.1% (160 of 1588), intraventricular hemorrhages (any grade), 37.4% (535 of 1431), and blood culture-positive nosocomial sepsis, 15.7% (250 of 1588). The multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that improved survival of EP infants was associated with discharged from specialist hospitals, hospitals located in high-level economic development region, increasing gestational age, increasing birth weight, antenatal steroids use and a history of premature rupture of membranes. However, twins or multiple births, Apgar ≤7 at 5 min, cervical incompetence, and decision to withdraw care were associated with decreased survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed the short-term outcomes of EP infants at discharge in China. The overall survival rate was lower than the developed countries, and medical care withdrawal was a serious problem. Nonetheless, improvements in care and outcomes have been made annually.

5.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-10, 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736383

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is considered as a major pathogenesis in myocardial damage; however, effective therapies are limited so far. The present study aimed to investigate the in vitro antioxidative mechanism of Catalpol in cardiomyocytes. The results indicated that Catalpol attenuated high glucose (HG)-induced apoptosis in mouse cardiomyocytes via significantly downregulating long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (Neat1) expression. Furthermore, Catalpol downregulated Neat1 expression and attenuated apoptosis by inhibiting production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HG-treated cardiomyocytes. Moreover, Catalpol also suppressed HG-induced degradation of IκBα and the nuclear localization of nulear factor-κB (NF-κB) by decreasing the intracellular ROS levels. Additionally, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and dual-luciferase activity assays validated that NF-κB bound to Neat1 promoter to activate Neat1 expression. In summary, these results implied that Catalpol protected mouse cardiomyocytes against oxidative injury at least partly through ROS-NF-κB-Neat1 axis.

6.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; : 1-4, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708009

RESUMO

The Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), initiated in 2001, has now become the largest twin registry in Asia. From 2015 to 2018, the CNTR continued to receive Chinese government funding and had recruited 61,566 twin-pairs by 2019 to study twins discordant for specific exposures such as environmental factors, and twins discordant for disease outcomes or measures of morbidity. Omic data, including genetics, genomics, metabolomics, and proteomics, and gut microbiome will be tested. The integration of omics and digital technologies in public health will advance our understanding of precision public health. This review introduces the updates of the CNTR, including study design, sample size, biobank, zygosity assessment, advances in research and future systems epidemiologic research.

7.
Langmuir ; 35(47): 15275-15286, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665888

RESUMO

Conventional drug delivery systems for natural clay materials still face critical challenges in their practical application, including multiple bacterial infections, combined infection of bacteria and fungi, and low sterilization efficiency. In this work, we address these challenges using the multifunctional montmorillonite nanosheet-based (MMT-based) drug nanoplatform, which involves the antibiotic 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), antibacterial metal copper ions, and quaternized chitosan (QCS). Composite material QCS/MMT/5-FCCu can can strongly inhibit Staphylococcus aureus (a typical Gram-positive bacterium), Escherichia coli (a typical Gram-negative bacterium), and Candida albicans (a fungus) because 5-FC coordinates with copper ions in situ and due to the deposition of QCS. The subsequent drug release behavior of 5-FCCu was studied, and the results show an initial high concentration kills microorganisms and long-acting sustained release inhibition. Moreover, in vivo wound experiments and toxicity experiments show the promotion of wound healing and excellent biocompatibility. As a demonstration of the utility of the latter, we have shown that the MMT-based smart platform can be used for the treatment of mixed infections of wounds.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 48(46): 17153-17157, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714566

RESUMO

Metal-organic polyhedra (MOPs) have attracted considerable research interest due to their unique cavity structure and fascinating physicochemical properties. However, their poor hydrostability and low processability hinder their applications seriously. Here we report a polymerization strategy (self-polymerization or copolymerization with styrene) to crosslink discrete MOP molecules, through which hydrophilic MOPs become hydrophobic, thus enhancing their hydrostability obviously. The obtained polymers exhibit much better selective CO2 adsorption performance than bulk MOPs. Moreover, the processability of these materials is greatly improved and solid-state materials with different shapes (e.g. cylindrical, tapered, and cubic) can be produced through utilizing their easy-curing and molding properties.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765753

RESUMO

Insects can exhibit flexible olfaction that is sensitive to complex natural chemical environments. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) in insects' antennal chemosensilla can act as transporters of plant volatiles and pheromones across the sensillar lymph. Although the physiological functions of OBPs have been widely reported, it is still unclear how OBP binds to ligands with various structures in detail. Here, we further investigated the ligand-binding modes and characteristics of AcerOBP2 from the Eastern honey bee (Apis cerana). The results showed that, as a specific protein distributed below the base of chemosensilla on the antennal surface, AcerOBP2 was strongly bound with the candidate floral volatiles and bee pheromones. By docking analysis and site-directed mutagenesis, four different binding modes were found in the five AcerOBP2 mutants between six ligands. Two key amino acids, Ser123 and Lys51, play a key role in AcerOBP2 binding to odors, depending on the presence or absence of hydrogen bonds. In addition, the binding modes depend on their chemical structures and the binding poses of the diverse ligands. These results not only further prompted the functional basis of the relationship between the chemical structures of odorants and bee OBPs, but also revealed the complexity of the flexible behavioral modes of odor binding in insect olfactory systems.

10.
J Vis Exp ; (153)2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762458

RESUMO

Auditory processing in the cochlea depends on the integrity of the mechanosensory hair cells. Over a lifetime, hearing loss can be acquired from numerous etiologies such as exposure to excessive noise, the use of ototoxic medications, bacterial or viral ear infections, head injuries, and the aging process. Loss of sensory hair cells is a common pathological feature of the varieties of acquired hearing loss. Additionally, the inner hair cell synapse can be damaged by mild insults. Therefore, surface preparations of cochlear epithelia, in combination with immunolabeling techniques and confocal imagery, are a very useful tool for the investigation of cochlear pathologies, including losses of ribbon synapses and sensory hair cells, changes in protein levels in hair cells and supporting cells, hair cell regeneration, and determination of report gene expression (i.e., GFP) for verification of successful transduction and identification of transduced cell types. The cochlea, a bony spiral-shaped structure in the inner ear, holds the auditory sensory end organ, the organ of Corti (OC). Sensory hair cells and surrounding supporting cells in the OC are contained in the cochlear duct and rest on the basilar membrane, organized in a tonotopic fashion with high-frequency detection occurring in the base and low-frequency in the apex. With the availability of molecular and genetic information and the ability to manipulate genes by knockout and knock-in techniques, mice have been widely used in biological research, including in hearing science. However, the adult mouse cochlea is miniscule, and the cochlear epithelium is encapsulated in a bony labyrinth, making microdissection difficult. Although dissection techniques have been developed and used in many laboratories, this modified microdissection method using cell and tissue adhesive is easier and more convenient. It can be used in all types of adult mouse cochleae following decalcification.

11.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(1): 478-493, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731362

RESUMO

The assessment of myocardial motion plays a promising role in the evaluation of cardiac function. This study aims to propose a novel framework of global estimation of the myocardial motion using radio-frequency (RF) data. The framework consists of B-mode image reconstruction, displacement estimation, myocardium extraction, and image fusion. The RF data of murine heart in parasternal long-axis (PLAX) view were collected for B-mode image reconstruction and displacement estimation. The vectorized normalized cross-correlation (VNCC) approach was proposed to globally estimate the displacements of the RF frames, while a sum-table based normalized cross-correlation (STNCC) was performed as reference algorithm. The bimodal fusion images were obtained to visualize the motion and anatomical structure of myocardium by an improved fast mapping algorithm (IFMA). In comparison with STNCC, the computation time of displacement using VNCC reduced by approximate 10s. The myocardial motions of anterior wall and posterior wall during one cardiac cycle were similarly tracked by VNCC as that of STNCC. The averaged absolute error in displacement between the two methods ranges from 1 to 3µm. The obtained myocardial elastographic images using VNCC intuitively present the morphological and mechanical changes during the contraction period of left ventricle. The results demonstrate that the proposed framework is an efficient tool for the estimation of myocardial motion reflecting cardiac systolic function. This approach has potentials to provide visualized information of myocardium for diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

12.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 560-572, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the dietary intake quantity and quality of high school students in Shanghai education. METHODS: From 2015 to 2016, Shanghai center for Disease Control and Prevention, divided the school into three levels(urban area, suburban area and rural area) according to the economic level and population composition of the street where the school was located. The probability-proportional-to-size sampling technique was used to select 19 high schools, from which 9 boys and 9 girls from same class were randomly recruited for each grade. A total of 1026 students were recruited. The survey included general situation questionnaire and dietary inquiry. Participants were required to complete the standardized questionnaire form through face-to-face interviews with trained interviewers. Chinese Dietary Guidelines(2016) was used to evaluate dietary quantity while China healthy diet index(CHDI) was used to evaluate dietary quality. RESULTS: The medians of intake of grain, vegetables, fruits, meat/livestock, fish/shrimp, eggs, milk and milk products, bean and bean products, cooking oil, cooking salt were 313. 8, 189. 7, 66. 3, 179. 2, 34. 7, 48. 9, 133. 3, 33. 3, 27. 1 and 6. 0 g/d within high school students, respectively. In both boys and girls, the medians of intake of vegetables, fruits, fish/shrimp, dairy products were lower than reference standard and meat/livestock was higher(P<0. 05). The intake differences among different area's high school students upon grain, vegetables, fruits, poultry/livestock, fish/shrimp, dairy products, beans/nuts, cooking oil, cooking salt were statistically significant(P<0. 05). The CHDI median total score of high school students was 68. 5 in Shanghai. 75. 2% of the CHDI total scores were between 60 and 80. The vegetable score, dark vegetable score, fruit score and total CHDI score in boys were significantly lower than those in girls(P<0. 05). The urban area CHDI score was significantly higher than suburban's and countryside's(P<0. 05). CONCLUSION: Both dietary structure and dietary quality are inappropriate and unfit within high school students in Shanghai, the urban area's condition is better than another two. We suggest to increase intake of vegetables, fruits, fish/shrimp, dairy products while decrease poultry/livestock's consumption.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Nutricional , Verduras , Animais , China , Cidades , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes
13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13995, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570735

RESUMO

The goal of this work was to investigate the molecular profiles and metastasis markers in Chinese patients with gastric carcinoma (GC). In total, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on 74 GC patients with tumor and adjacent normal formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples. The mutation spectrum of these samples showed a high concordance with TCGA and other studies on GC. PTPRT is significantly associated with metastasis of GC, suggesting its predictive role in metastasis of GC. Patients carrying BRCA2 mutations tend not to metastasize, which may be related to their sensitivity to chemotherapy. Mutations in MACF1, CDC27, HMCN1, CDH1 and PDZD2 were moderately enriched in peritoneal metastasis (PM) samples. Furthermore, we found two genomic regions (1p36.21 and Xq26.3) were associated with PM of GC, and patients with amplification of 1p36.21 and Xq26.3 have a worse prognosis (P = 0.002, 0.01, respectively). Our analysis provides GC patients with potential markers for single and combination therapies.

14.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 760, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcription factors act as important regulators of transcription networks. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors have been shown to be involved in multiple biological processes in plants. However, no information is available for the bZIP family in Cleistogenes songorica, which is an important xerophytic and allotetraploid grass in desert grasslands. RESULTS: In this study, 86 CsbZIPs were identified in the allotetraploid C. songorica genome. For location analysis, CsbZIPs were distributed evenly across two subgenomes of C. songorica. Phylogenetic tree analysis among three species indicated that CsbZIPs were evolutionarily more closely related to OsbZIPs than AtbZIPs. Syntenic and phylogenetic analyses confirmed that the CsbZIPs were mainly expanded by whole-genome duplication events. Furthermore, it was determined that rice and C. songorica might have undergone purified selection during their long evolutionary history by calculating the Ks values and Ka/Ks ratios of orthologous gene pairs. By analysing the expression patterns of CsbZIPs in different tissues and under abiotic stresses, 21 CsbZIP genes were differentially expressed between chasmogamous (CH) and cleistogamous (CL) flowers, including two FLOWERING LOCUS D (FD) genes. In shoots and roots, 79.1 and 87.2% of the CsbZIP genes, respectively, displayed transcript changes under at least one stress treatment, such as heat, cold, drought and salt. Strikingly, 17 common CsbZIP genes showed differential expression under stress response and during CL flowering. Co-expression network, GO annotation and real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses revealed a close relationship between CL flowering-associated genes and abiotic stress-related genes. CONCLUSIONS: BZIP TFs were comprehensively analysed and identified in allotetraploid C. songorica. Our results provide insights into the evolutionary history of the bZIP family in C. songorica and provide abiotic stress-responsive and CL-associated candidate CsbZIP genes for potential applications in the genetic improvement of plants.

15.
Arch Med Res ; 50(5): 233-240, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice (OJ) could seriously affect the biochemical and immune functions in the body. Up to now, there are still poor evidences about the role of dexmedetomidine in OJ. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Sham operation group (Sham group, n = 10), obstructive jaundice group (OJ group, n = 10), OJ + dexmedetomidine group (D group, n = 10), OJ+ dexmedetomidine +LY294002 group (DL group, n = 10). The expressions of phospho-Akt(p-Akt), HIF-1α(hypoxia inducible factor-1α), Akt mRNA, HIF-1αmRNA, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in different groups were evaluated. RESULTS: The lung injury score was decreased in OJ group compared with that in DL group. The expression of the HIF-1α protein, p-Akt protein, Akt mRNA, and HIF-1α mRNA in OJ group were significantly increased (p <0.05) (vs. S group). Meanwhile, these protein molecular were significantly higher in the D group than that in OJ group (p <0.05). However, the mRNA expressions of these molecular in OJ group were significantly lower than that in D group (p <0.05). The concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in OJ group and D group was significantly up-regulated compared with that in S group (p <0.05). Meanwhile, IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations were significantly up-regulated in DL group compared with that in group D (p <0.05). The concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly decreased in the D group and DL group compared with that in OJ group (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine can attenuate lung injury in obstructive jaundice rats through PI3K/Akt/HIF-1α signaling pathway. Meanwhile, dexmedetomidine can reduce the concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in obstructive jaundice rats.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623350

RESUMO

Leaf angle is a key parameter that determines plant architecture and crop yield. Hormonal crosstalk involving brassinosteroid (BR) plays an essential role in leaf angle regulation in cereals. In this study, we investigated whether abscisic acid (ABA), an important stress-responsive hormone, co-regulates lamina joint inclination together with BR, and, if so, what the underlying mechanism is. Therefore, lamina joint inclination assay and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis were performed here. ABA antagonizes the promotive effect of BR on leaf angle. Hundreds of genes responsive to both hormones that are involved in leaf-angle determination were identified by RNA-Seq and the expression of a gene subset was confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results from analysis of rice mutants or transgenic lines affected in BR biosynthesis and signaling indicated that ABA antagonizes the effect of BR on lamina joint inclination by targeting the BR biosynthesis gene D11 and BR signaling genes GSK2 and DLT, thus forming a multi-level regulatory module that controls leaf angle in rice. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that BR and ABA antagonistically regulate lamina joint inclination in rice, thus contributing to the elucidation of the complex hormonal interaction network that optimizes leaf angle in rice.

17.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661461

RESUMO

CD8+ T cell responses are necessary for immune control of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). However, the key parameters that dictate antiviral potency remain elusive, conceivably because most studies to date have been restricted to analyses of circulating CD8+ T cells. We conducted a detailed clonotypic, functional, and phenotypic survey of SIV-specific CD8+ T cells across multiple anatomical sites in chronically infected rhesus macaques with high (> 10,000 copies/mL plasma) or low burdens of viral RNA (< 10,000 copies/mL plasma). No significant differences in response magnitude were identified across anatomical compartments. Rhesus macaques with low viral loads (VLs) harbored higher frequencies of polyfunctional CXCR5+ SIV-specific CD8+ T cells in various lymphoid tissues and higher proportions of unique Gag-specific CD8+ T cell clonotypes in the mesenteric lymph nodes relative to rhesus macaques with high VLs. In addition, public Gag-specific CD8+ T cell clonotypes were more commonly shared across distinct anatomical sites than the corresponding private clonotypes, which tended to form tissue-specific repertoires, especially in the peripheral blood and the gastrointestinal tract. Collectively, these data suggest that functionality and tissue localization are important determinants of CD8+ T cell-mediated efficacy against SIV.

18.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614914

RESUMO

To explore the molecular mechanism of the response of Masson pine (Pinus massoniana), the main coniferous tree in southern China, to high CO2 stress, transcriptome sequencing was carried out to analyze the genome-wide responses of annual seedlings under different durations (0 h, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h) of high CO2 stress. The results showed that a total of 3080/1908, 3110/2115 and 2684/1483 genes were up-/down-regulated after 6 h, 12 h and 24 h of treatment, respectively, compared with control check group (CK, 0 h). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that most of these differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were enriched in energy metabolism, carbohydrate synthesis, cell wall precursor synthesis and hormone regulation pathways. For energy metabolism, the expression of most genes involved in photosynthesis (including the light reaction and Calvin cycle) was generally inhibited, while the expression of genes related glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and PPP pathway was up-regulated. In addition, the increase in the CO2 concentration induced the up-regulation of gene expression in the sucrose synthesis pathway. Among all starch synthesis genes, GBSS (granule-bound starch synthase) had the highest expression level. On the other hand, during the synthesis of hemicellulose and pectin (cell wall precursor substances), the expression levels of GMD (GDP-mannose 4,6-dehydratase), MGP (Mannose-1-phosphate guanylyl transferase) and RHM (Rhamnose biosynthetic enzyme) were the highest, suggesting that the synthesis of the raw materials hemicellulose and pectin in Masson pine under stress were mainly supplied by GDP-Man, GDP-Fuc and UDP-Rha. Finally, stress inhibited gene expression in the ABA (Abscisic Acid) synthesis pathway and induced gene expression in the GA (Gibberellin), SA (Salicylic acid), BR(Brassinolide) and MeJA (Methyl Jasmonate) pathways. Stomatal switches were regulated by hormonal interactions. This experiment elaborated on the response and molecular mechanism of Masson pine to CO2 stress and aided in screening carbon sequestration genes for the corresponding molecular research of Masson pine in the future.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(20)2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615163

RESUMO

Body surface potential mapping (BSPM) is a valuable tool for research regarding electrocardiograms (ECG). However, the BSPM system is limited by its large number of electrodes and wires, long installation time, and high computational complexity. In this paper, we designed a wearable four-electrode electrocardiogram-sensor (WFEES) module that measures six-channel ECGs simultaneously for ECG investigation. To reduce the testing lead number and the measurement complexity, we further proposed a method, the layered (A, N) square-based (LANS) method, to optimize the ECG acquisition and analysis process using WFEES modules for different applications. Moreover, we presented a case study of electrode location optimization for wearable single-lead ECG monitoring devices using WFEES modules with the LANS method. In this study, 102 sets of single-lead ECG data from 19 healthy subjects were analyzed. The signal-to-noise ratio of ECG, as well as the mean and coefficient of variation of QRS amplitude, was derived among different channels to determine the optimal electrode locations. The results showed that a single-lead electrode pair should be placed on the left chest above the electrode location of standard precordial leads V1 to V4. Additionally, the best orientation was the principal diagonal as the direction of the heart's electrical axis.

20.
Neuroradiology ; 61(12): 1447-1456, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511919

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Punctate white matter lesions (PWML) are common in preterm neonates and have also been reported in the full term. While most studies focus on white matter abnormalities, gray matter (GM) alterations are generally ignored due to the lack of abnormalities on conventional MRI. This study aims to investigate whether magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a sensitive and practical method to detect occult alterations of deep GM nuclei in these neonates. METHODS: Neonates with PWML and controls with no MRI abnormalities were retrospectively studied. Apparent diffusion coefficient values and metabolic ratios (Cho/Cr, NAA/Cho, and NAA/Cr) in the lenticular nucleus and the thalamus were compared between the PWML and control groups. RESULTS: Forty-two neonates with PWML (grades I, II, and III contained 14, 21, and 7 subjects, respectively) and 50 controls were enrolled. Apparent diffusion coefficient values in the lenticular nucleus and the thalamus were not significantly different between the PWML and the control groups. The NAA/Cho ratio was significantly lower in the PWML group than in the control group in both regions, whereas a lower NAA/Cr ratio was only observed in the thalamus. Significantly lower ratios of NAA/Cho in both regions and NAA/Cr in the thalamus were detected in the grade II and III subgroup, whereas the thalamic NAA/Cho ratio was decreased in the grade I group compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a sensitive method for detecting the occult deep GM abnormalities for the study cohort of neonates with PWML when compared with subjects without PWML.

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