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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130160, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283216

RESUMO

With the large-scale application of LiFePO4 (LFP) in energy storage and electric vehicles, the recycling of spent lithium LFP batteries has gained more attention. However, recycling spent LFP is less economically feasible owing to the poor economic value of Fe products, which causes a problem for both the efficiency and economy. This work proposes a highly economical acid-free mechanochemical approach for the efficient and selective extraction of lithium (Li) from spent LFP battery cathode materials. The selective release of 98.9 % of Li from the LFP crystal structure is achieved at a reaction time of 5 h, a rotational speed of 500 rpm, and sodium citrate (Na3Cit) to LFP mass ratio of 10. Meanwhile, Fe is reserved in the form of FePO4 in the olivine structure. The use of Na3Cit as a co-milling agent ensures a pollution-free recovery process and efficient extraction of Li+. The chelation of Li+ with organic ligands (Cit3-) is the key to the efficient selective recovery of Li+ from the olivine LFP structure via the mechanochemical process. The economic analysis indicates that the method is feasible and ensures industrial viability. The acid-free mechanochemical (MC) process reported in this work provides a novel route to selectively recover Li from spent LFP efficiently and highly economically.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 605-609, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has an important role in neurons and is closely associated with psychiatric disorders. The development of bipolar disorder (BD) may differ between genders. Existing studies have shown that plasma GDNF levels are altered in patients with BD. In this study, we investigate whether the GDNF levels in patients with BD differ in terms of gender. METHODS: Participants were divided into the BD group (n = 76, with 26 males and 50 females) and healthy control (HC) group (n = 89, with 35 males and 54 females). Plasma GDNF levels were detected via multifactor assay. Clinical symptoms of patients with BD were collected and assessed using the Hamilton Depression-17 Inventory, Hamilton Anxiety-17 Inventory, Young's Mania Rating Scale, and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. RESULTS: The GDNF levels were significantly higher in all participants in the HC group (F = 4.262, p < 0.05) compared with those in the BD group. In the HC group, the males (t = 4.814, p < 0.001) presented significantly higher levels than the females. The plasma GDNF levels in males in the BD group (t = 3.022, p < 0.05) were significantly lower than those in males in the HC group. CONCLUSION: Differences in plasma GDNF levels are associated with the gender of patients with BD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/sangue , Caracteres Sexuais
3.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134549, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283307

RESUMO

Enzymatic browning has been a significant factor affecting the sale of fresh noodles. This study used a combination of physical and chemical methods to achieve a long-lasting and effective anti-browning effect in fresh noodles. The results showed that the combinations of citric acid (CA), NaOH, and KOH with heat treatment blunted the polyphenol oxidase activity and improved the color of fresh noodles. Specifically, the L* value of fresh noodles stored at 6 °C treated by the combination of CA and 75 °C (CHFN-75) at 72 h (81.71) was significantly higher than that of the control at 72 h (74.42). Mixolab and confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that the combined treatment affected the protein and starch of the flour. However, the hardness and chewiness of the cooked noodles increased only slightly, and the adhesiveness decreased slightly. The innovative combination can be used as an effective way to delay the darkening of fresh noodles.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Triticum , Farinha/análise , Culinária , Amido
4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1234: 340522, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328721

RESUMO

At the end of 2019, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a cluster of atypical pneumonia caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been known as a highly contagious disease. Herein, we report the MXene/P-BiOCl/Ru(bpy)32+ heterojunction composite to construct an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein (CoVNP) determination. Two-dimensional (2D) material ultrathin phosphorus-doped bismuth oxychloride (P-BiOCl) is exploited and first applied in ECL. 2D architectures MXene not only act as "soft substrate" to improve the properties of P-BiOCl, but also synergistically work with P-BiOCl. Owing to the inimitable set of bulk and interfacial properties, intrinsic high electrochemical conductivity, hydrophilicity and good biocompatible of 2D/2D MXene/P-BiOCl/Ru(bpy)32+, this as-exploited heterojunction composite is an efficient signal amplifier and co-reaction accelerator in the presence of tri-n-propylamine (TPA) as a coreactant. The proposed MXene/P-BiOCl/Ru(bpy)32+-TPA system exhibits a high and stable ECL signal and achieves ECL emission quenching for "signal on-off" recognition of CoVNP. Fascinatingly, the constructed ECL biosensor towards CoVNP allows a wide linear concentration range from 1 fg/mL to 10 ng/mL and a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.49 fg/mL (S/N = 3). Furthermore, this presented strategy sheds light on designing a highly efficient ECL nanostructure through the combination of 2D MXene architectures with 2D semiconductor materials in the field of nanomedicine. This ECL biosensor can successfully detect CoVNP in human serum, which can promote the prosperity and development of diagnostic methods of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19 , Humanos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Bismuto , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Water Res ; 227: 119344, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402098

RESUMO

Surface complexation between arsenite (As(III)) and colloidal metal hydroxides plays an important role not only in the immobilization and oxidation of As(III) but also in the cycle of the metal and the fate of their ligands. However, the photochemical processes between Cu(II) and As(III) are not sufficiently understood. In this work, the photooxidation of As(III) in the presence of Cu(II) under neutral pH conditions was investigated in water containing 200 µM Cu(II) and 5 µM As(III) under simulated solar irradiation consisting of UVB light. The results confirmed the complexation between As(III) and Cu(II) hydroxides, and the photooxidation of As(III) is attributed to the ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) process and Cu(III) oxidation. The light-induced LMCT process results in simultaneous As(III) oxidation and Cu(II) reduction, then produced Cu(I) undergoes autooxidation with O2 to produce O2•⁻ and H2O2, and further the Cu(I)-Fenton reaction produces Cu(III) that can oxidize As(III) efficiently (kCu(III)+As(III) = 1.02 × 109 M-1 s-1). The contributions from each pathway (ρrCu(II)-As(III)+hv = 0.62, ρrCu(III)+As(III) = 0.38) were obtained using kinetic analysis and simulation. Sunlight experiments showed that the pH range of As(III) oxidation could be extended to weak acidic conditions in downstream water from acid mine drainage (AMD). This work helps to understand the environmental chemistry of Cu(II) and As(III) regarding their interaction and photo-induced redox reactions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Metais , Cinética , Oxirredução , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Água
6.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413676

RESUMO

The anode-free lithium metal battery is considered to be an excellent candidate for the new generation energy storage system because of its higher energy density and safety than the traditional lithium metal battery. However, the continuous generation of SEI or isolated Li hinders its practical application. In general, the isolated Li is considered electrochemically inactive because it loses electrical connection with the current collector. Here we show an abnormal phenomenon that the lost capacity appears to be recovered after cycles when the isolated Li reconnects with a deposited Li metal layer. The isolated Li reconnection is ascribed to the chemical induction of the block copolymer coating. The migration of Li+ is affected by the electron delocalization and the electron cloud density of the polymer, which determine the conversion direction of Li+. Based on the mechanism, we propose a strategy to slow down the capacity decay of the anode-free lithium metal battery.

7.
Mol Immunol ; 152: 123-128, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334345

RESUMO

Human, rat, and mouse C-reactive protein (CRP) possess distinct expression patterns, but have similar conformations and conserved in vivo functions. We have previously demonstrated that this level-function mismatch is delicately tuned by the hidden activities of unfolded CRP. The cholesterol-binding sequence (CBS; a.a. 35-47) is a major functional motif exposed on monomeric CRP, which is the unfolded and activated conformation of CRP. We replaced the CBS of rat CRP with that of either mouse or human CRP, yielding two grafting mutants with unaffected pentameric assembly. However, these mutants exhibited altered cellular foldability and conformational activation efficiency that matched those of the CRP that provided the grafted CBS. These results indicate that CBS is a critical regulatory motif, whose variation maintains the pentameric assembly of CRP but derives distinct cellular foldabilities and conformational activation efficiencies, therefore helping to ensure that CRPs with various expression patterns exhibit overall conserved functions.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Colesterol , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/química , Conformação Proteica
8.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 14(1): 171, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397166

RESUMO

Nowadays, obesity is one of the largest public health problems worldwide. In the last few decades, there has been a marked increase in the obesity epidemic and its related comorbidities. Worldwide, more than 2.2 billion people (33%) are affected by overweight or obesity (712 million, 10%) and its associated metabolic complications. Although a high heritability of obesity has been estimated, the genetic variants conducted from genetic association studies only partially explain the variation of body mass index. This has led to a growing interest in understanding the potential role of epigenetics as a key regulator of gene-environment interactions on the development of obesity and its associated complications. Rapid advances in epigenetic research methods and reduced costs of epigenome-wide association studies have led to a great expansion of population-based studies. The field of epigenetics and metabolic diseases such as obesity has advanced rapidly in a short period of time. The main epigenetic mechanisms include DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation and so on. DNA methylation is the most investigated epigenetic mechanism. Preliminary evidence from animal and human studies supports the effect of epigenetics on obesity. Studies of epigenome-wide association studies and genome-wide histone modifications from different biological specimens such as blood samples (newborn, children, adolescent, youth, woman, man, twin, race, and meta-analysis), adipose tissues, skeletal muscle cells, placenta, and saliva have reported the differential expression status of multiple genes before and after obesity interventions and have identified multiple candidate genes and biological markers. These findings may improve the understanding of the complex etiology of obesity and its related comorbidities, and help to predict an individual's risk of obesity at a young age and open possibilities for introducing targeted prevention and treatment strategies.

9.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 31: 7130-7143, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355732

RESUMO

Weakly supervised object localization (WSOL) aims at localizing objects with only image-level labels, which has better scalability and practicability than fully supervised methods. However, without pixel-level supervision, existing methods tend to generate rough localization maps, which hinders localization performance. To alleviate this problem, we propose an adversarial transformer network (ATNet), which aims to obtain a well-learned localization model with pixel-level pseudo labels. The proposed ATNet enjoys several merits. First, we design an object transformer ( G ) that can generate localization maps and pseudo labels effectively and dynamically, and a part transformer ( D ) to accurately discriminate detailed local differences between localization maps and pseudo labels. Second, we propose to train G and D via an adversarial process, where G can generate more accurate localization maps approaching pseudo labels to fool D . To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to explore transformers with adversarial training to obtain a well-learned localization model for WSOL. Extensive experiments with four backbones on two standard benchmarks demonstrate that our ATNet achieves favorable performance against state-of-the-art WSOL methods. Besides, our adversarial training can provide higher robustness against adversarial attacks.

10.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 31: 7165-7178, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367912

RESUMO

Visible-infrared person re-identification (VI-ReID) is challenging due to the large modality discrepancy between visible and infrared images. Existing methods mainly focus on learning modality-shared representations by embedding images from different modalities into a common feature space, in which some discriminative modality information is discarded. Different from these methods, in this paper, we propose a novel Modality-Specific Memory Network (MSMNet) to complete the missing modality information and aggregate visible and infrared modality features into a unified feature space for the VI-ReID task. The proposed model enjoys several merits. First, it can exploit the missing modality information to alleviate the modality discrepancy when only the single-modality input is provided. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to exploit the missing modality information completion and alleviate the modality discrepancy with the memory network. Second, to guide the learning process of the memory network, we design three effective learning strategies, including feature consistency, memory representativeness and structural alignment. By incorporating these learning strategies in a unified model, the memory network can be well learned to propagate identity-related information between modalities and boost the VI-ReID performance. Extensive experimental results on two standard benchmarks (SYSU-MM01 and RegDB) demonstrate that the proposed MSMNet performs favorably against state-of-the-art methods.

11.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378799

RESUMO

Connectivity-based parcellation (CBP) studies for exploring cerebral topographic organization have emerged rapidly, likely due to the joint developments of non-invasive imaging technologies and advances in computing science. CBP studies have extended our understanding of human brain development and many brain-related disorders such as Parkinson's Disease (PD), and have provided promising approaches to guide electrode placement during the planning of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. This work reviews prevalent CBP methods, summarizing the methodological advantages and limitations of each. As PD is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, we particularly focus on data-driven parcellation studies in this disease, providing researchers with a comprehensive overview of PD-specific atlases and their applications. We show that, while many advances have been achieved, heterogeneity in the PD population still provides an ongoing challenge to find a robust consensus on regional representation. Although some parcellation-driven studies exhibit encouraging achievements, these PD-specific parcellations are still limited and most approaches depend on a single modality. We discuss the future directions of parcellation-driven PD exploration and surgical planning, with the aim to inspire future investigation into connectivity-based parcellation for PD.

12.
Adv Mater ; : e2208157, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398497

RESUMO

Chirality is ubiquitous in biological systems, which is closely related to biological functions, life process, and even pathogenesis of diseases. However, the interface between the chirality of synthetic materials and organisms, particularly the immune system, remains poorly understood. Here, supramolecular chiral polymer micelles (SCPMs) are prepared by complexing antigenic proteins with chiral amino acid modified polyethyleneimine. The introduction of chirality not only reduces the toxicity of cationic polymer, but also benefits cell uptake and antigen presentation. Especially, D-chirality presents the lowest cytotoxicity, while promotes the highest expression level of costimulatory molecules on dendritic cells compared to L-chirality and achirality. The superiority of D-chirality to stimulate dendritic cell maturation is supported by immunization with D-SCPMs, which achieves significant antigen-specific proliferation of T cells in the spleen, lymph nodes and tumor of mice. Chirality-mediated antigen processing and presentation is demonstrated by D-SCPMs self-assembled from chiral alkaline histidine or neutral phenylalanine modified polyethyleneimine and tumor associated ovalbumin or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike 1 antigenic protein. Immunoactivation enabled by D-chirality opens a window to prepare potent nanotherapeutics for disease prevention and treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Foods ; 11(22)2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429189

RESUMO

There has been a growing awareness of the dietary shift from traditional staples to animal-derived foods during the urbanization of developing countries. Less discussed is how the global food landscape will accommodate such changes in diet. Our study aims to use the GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project) model to predict the future food landscape based on the dietary shift in developing countries, represented by China, India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, under a 2030 urbanization scenario. The results show that the average global outputs of fish, meat, and dairy products increase by 0.26-2.85%, along with an expansion in their trade volume by 2.10-13.95%, by 2030. To ensure that dietary changes can be met in developing countries, Asia and America need to strengthen their positions with respect to global food production share, while Africa is developing to become a non-negligible growing force. Accordingly, globalized food trade is characterized by a centralized export and, conversely, by a decentralized import, clearly indicating an expanding net-import tendency in populous developing countries. These findings highlight the adaptation scheme of global food production and trade patterns under a 2030 urbanization scenario, as urbanization accelerates dietary change in developing countries.

14.
Molecules ; 27(22)2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36432145

RESUMO

The adsorption of antibiotics on minerals is an important process in their environment behavior. The adsorption behavior of antibiotics on iron-containing minerals and the effect of co-existing cations and anions were studied in this work. Magnetite, hematite, goethite and kaolin were selected as the representative minerals and characterized by SEM, XRD and BET. A total of eight antibiotics, including three quinolones, three sulfonamides and two mycins were chosen as the research targets. Results showed a higher adsorption amount of quinolones than that of sulfonamides and mycins on the surface of iron-containing minerals in most mineral systems. The adsorption isotherms of quinolones can be well fitted using the Freundlich models. The effects of five cations and five anions on the adsorption of quinolones were investigated, among which Mg2+, Ca2+, HCO3- and H2PO4- mainly showed significant inhibition on the adsorption, while the effects of K+, Na+, NH4+, Cl-, NO3- and SO42- showed less. Natural surface water samples were also collected and used as media to investigate the adsorption behavior of quinolones on iron-containing minerals. The buffering capacity of the natural water kept the reaction solution at circumneutral conditions, and the adsorption amount was mostly promoted in the goethite system (from 0.56~0.78 µmol/g to 0.52~1.43 µmol/g), but was inhibited in the other systems (magnetite: from 1.13~1.33 µmol/g to 0.45~0.76 µmol/g; hematite: from 0.52~0.65 µmol/g to 0.02~0.18 µmol/g; kaolin: from 1.98~1.99 µmol/g to 0.90~1.40 µmol/g). The results in this work help to further understand the transportation and fate of antibiotics in an aqueous environment.


Assuntos
Ferro , Quinolonas , Adsorção , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico , Caulim , Minerais , Cátions , Água , Sulfonamidas
15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(45): 20923-20930, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327099

RESUMO

InP-based quantum dot (QD) light-emitting diodes (QLEDs) provide a heavy-metal-free route to size-tuned LEDs having high efficiency. The stability of QLEDs may be enhanced by replacing organic hole-injection layers (HILs) with inorganic layers. However, inorganic HILs reported to date suffer from inefficient hole injection, the result of their shallow work functions. Here, we investigate the tuning of the work function of nickel oxide (NiOx) HILs using self-assembled molecules (SAMs). Density functional theory simulations and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure put a particular focus onto the molecular orientation of the SAMs in tuning the work function of the NiOx HIL. We find that orientation plays an even stronger role than does the underlying molecular dipole itself: SAMs having the strongest electron-withdrawing nitro group (NO2), despite having a high intrinsic dipole, show limited work function tuning, something we assign to their orientation parallel to the NiOx surface. We further find that the NO2 group─which delocalizes electrons over the molecule by resonance─induces a deep lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level that accepts electrons from QDs, producing luminescence quenching. In contrast, SAMs containing a trifluoromethyl group exhibit an angled orientation relative to the NiOx surface, better activating hole injection into the active layer without inducing luminescence quenching. We report an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 18.8%─the highest EQE among inorganic HIL-based QLEDs (including Cd-based QDs)─in InP QLEDs employing inorganic HILs.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(47): 21728-21740, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394272

RESUMO

NMR chemical shift changes can report on the functional dynamics of biomacromolecules in solution with sizes >1 MDa. However, their interpretation requires chemical shift assignments to individual nuclei, which for large molecules often can only be obtained by tedious point mutations that may interfere with function. We present here an efficient pseudocontact shift NMR method to assign biomacromolecules using bound antibodies tagged with lanthanoid DOTA chelators. The stability of the antibody allows positioning the DOTA tag at many surface sites, providing triangulation of the macromolecule nuclei at distances >60 Å. The method provides complete assignments of valine and tyrosine 1H-15N resonances of the ß1-adrenergic receptor in various functional forms. The detected chemical shift changes reveal strong forces exerted onto the backbone of transmembrane helix 3 during signal transmission, which are absorbed by its electronic structure. The assignment method is applicable to any soluble biomacromolecule for which suitable complementary binders exist.

17.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1025531, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440430

RESUMO

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has a high disability rate and brings a large disease burden to patients and the country. Significant sex differences exist in both the epidemiological and clinical features in MDD. The effect of sex on brain function in MDD is not clear now. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and ALFF are widely used research method in the study of brain function. This research aimed to use ReHo and ALFF to explore gender differences in brain function images in MDD. Methods: Eighty first-episode drug-naive patients (47 women and 30 men) with MDD and 85 age, education matched healthy volunteers (47 women and 31 men) were recruited in our study and participated in resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans. ReHo and ALFF were used to assess brain activity, two-way ANOVA and post hoc analysis was conducted to explore the sex difference in MDD. Correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between abnormal brain functioning and clinical symptoms. Results: We observed sex-specific patterns and diagnostic differences in MDD Patients, further post hoc comparisons indicated that women with MDD showed decreased ALFF value in the right superior occipital gyrus and decreased ReHo value in the left calcarine and left dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus compared with HC females and men with MDD. Men with MDD showed decreased ReHo value in the right median cingulate gyrus compared with HC males and increased ReHo value in the left dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus compared with HC males, we also found that HC males showed higher ReHo value in the right median cingulate gyrus than HC females. Conclusions: Men and women do have sex differences in brain function, the occipital lobe, calcarine, DLPFC, and DCG were the main different brain regions found between male and female in MDD, which may be the biomarker brain regions that can help diagnose and treat MDD in men and women.

18.
Water Res ; 228(Pt A): 119364, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413833

RESUMO

In recent years, graphene oxide (GO) as a new carbon material has been widely investigated as adsorbent and catalyst. However, effects of GO on the micro-pollutants such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) under sunlight remains unclear. In this study, the degradation of PPCPs in a simulated sunlight-GO photocatalytic system was systematically investigated. Specifically, GO rapidly degrade 95% of acetaminophen (APAP) within 10 min under simulated sunlight irradiation (λ ≥ 350 nm). The influencing factors such as APAP concentration, pH, GO dosage, water matrixes (Cl-, NO3-, HCO3-, SO42-, Ca2+, Fe3+and fulvic acid) were investigated. At a GO dosage of 100 mg L-1 and an initial pH of 7, the APAP (5 µM) photodegradation kinetic constant kobs was calculated to be 0.4547 min-1. In practical applications, the GO photocatalysis system still degrade over 90% APAP within 60 min in real surface water. The electron spin resonance and radical scavenging experiments revealed that the dominated active species for degrading APAP was photogenerated holes (h+), while other mechanisms (1O2 and O2•-/HO2•) played a minor role. Furthermore, the photochemical transformation of some other typical PPCPs were comparatively studied to reveal the relationship between degradation kinetics and molecular structure. Based on descriptive variables including molar refractive index parameter, octanol-water partition coefficient, dissociation constant and dipole moment, a quantitative structural-activity relationship (QSAR) model for predicting pseudo-first-order rate constants was established with a high significance (R2 = 0.996, p < 0.05). This study helps to understand the interaction between GO and PPCPs and its effects on the photochemical transformation of PPCPs in water.

19.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229750

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and the main pathology behind most cardiovascular diseases and the overactivation of macrophages initiates the development of atherosclerosis. However, the specific functions of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in macrophages remain elusive. Macrophages derived from monocyte (THP-1) were treated with ox-LDL and were used to generate atherosclerosis in an in vitro model. NLRP3 inflammasome markers were examined using quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. Cytokines were measured using ELISA. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was utilized to detect nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and TRIM64 interactions. A fat-rich diet was applied to ApoE-/- mice for in vivo studies. ox-LDL promoted TRIM64 expression in a time-dependent manner. According to loss- and gain-of-function analyses, TRIM64 enhanced the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and the expression of downstream molecules. TRIM64 directly interacted with IκBα and promoted IκBα ubiquitination at K67 to activate NF-κB signaling. We detected direct binding between NF-κB and the TRIM64 promoter, as well as enhanced TRIM64 expression. Our study revealed an interaction between TRIM64 and NF-κB in the development of atherosclerosis. TRIM64 and NF-κB formed a positive feedback to activate NF-κB pathway. ox-LDL induces foam cell formation and TRIM64 expression TRIM64 regulates ox-LDL-induced foam cell formation, pyroptosis and inflammation via the NF-κB signaling TRIM64 activates NF-κB signaling by ubiquitination of IκBα NF-κB inhibition attenuates atherosclerosis in HFD-induced ApoE (-/-) mice.

20.
Opt Express ; 30(12): 21822-21832, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224894

RESUMO

Motivated by the goals of fabricating highly reliable, high performance, and cost-efficient self-powered photodetector (PD) for numerous scientific research and civil fields, an organic-inorganic hybrid solar-blind ultraviolet (UV) PD based on PEDOT: PSS/exfoliated ß-Ga2O3 microwire heterojunction was fabricated by a flexible and cost-effective assembly method. Benefiting from the heterojunction constructed by the highly crystalline ß-Ga2O3 and the excellent hole transport layer PEDOT: PSS, the device presents a high responsivity of 39.8 mA/W at 250 nm and a sharp cut-off edge at 280 nm without any power supply. Additionally, the ultra-high normalized photo-to-dark current ratio (> 104 mW-1cm2) under reverse bias and the superior detectivity of 2.4×1012 Jones at zero bias demonstrate the excellent detection capabilities. Furthermore, the hybrid PD exhibits a rapid rise time (several milliseconds) and high rejection ratio (R250/R365: 5.8 × 103), which further highlights its good spectral selectivity for solar-blind UV. The prominent performance is mainly ascribed to the efficient separation of the photogenerated carriers by the large built-in electric field of the advanced heterojunction. This flexible assembly strategy for solar-blind UV PD combines the advantages of high efficiency, low cost and high performance, providing more potential for PD investigation and application in the future.

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