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1.
Environ Pollut ; 347: 123758, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492747

RESUMO

Individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) are particularly vulnerable to dementia, but it remains unclear whether air pollution exposure links with higher risk of dementia among those with CVD. The data were derived from the UK Biobank study (UKB). Dementia-free participants with CVD at baseline were included. Air pollution exposure was assessed through land use regression models, including particulate matter (PM2.5, PM2.5-10, and PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and nitrogen oxides (NOX). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate the associations between air pollution exposure and incident dementia among individuals with CVD. Air pollution was associated with dementia among individuals with CVD, and the hazard ratios of dementia associated with each interquartile range (IQR) µg/m3 increase in air pollution were 1.07 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.12) for PM2.5, 1.10 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.15) for PM10, 1.08 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.14) for NO2 and 1.05 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.09) for NOx. Associations between air pollution and all-cause dementia were found to be significant among individuals with hypertension. Adverse effects of air pollution were also observed for Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), with a higher effect for AD. Observed associations remained similar in subgroups of APOE ε4 carriers and noncarriers, although there was a higher risk difference across different air pollution concentration among these individuals carrying APOE ε4. Air pollution emerges as a critical risk factor for dementia among individuals with CVD, regardless of genetic susceptibility indicated by the APOE genotype. Notably, individuals with hypertension might be susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution, leading to a higher incidence of dementia. Understanding these impacts on dementia among individuals with CVD may promote better targeted prevention and clinical management strategies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doença de Alzheimer , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Estudos Longitudinais , Apolipoproteína E4 , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Genótipo
2.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04032, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299774

RESUMO

*Joint senior authorship. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have observed the adverse effects of ambient fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) on heart failure (HF). However, evidence regarding the impacts of specific PM2.5 components remains scarce. METHODS: We included 58 129 patients hospitalised for HF between 2013 and 2017 in 11 cities of Shanxi, China from inpatient discharge database. We evaluated exposure to PM2.5 and its components ((sulphate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonium (NH4+), organic matter (OM) and black carbon (BC)), along with meteorological factors using bilinear interpolation at each patients' residential address. We used multivariable logistic and linear regression models to assess the associations of these components with in-hospital case fatality, hospital expenses, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Increase equivalents to the interquartile range (IQR) in OM (odds ratio (OR) = 1.13; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.02, 1.26) and BC (OR = 1.14; 95% CI = 1.02, 1.26) were linked to in-hospital case fatality. Per IQR increments in PM2.5, SO42-, NO3-, OM, and BC were associated with cost increases of 420.62 (95% CI = 285.75, 555.49), 221.83 (95% CI = 96.95, 346.71), 214.93 (95% CI = 68.66, 361.21), 300.06 (95% CI = 176.96, 423.16), and 303.09 (95% CI = 180.76, 425.42) CNY. Increases of 1 IQR in PM2.5, SO42-, OM, and BC were associated with increases in length of hospital stay of 0.10 (95% CI = 0.02, 0.19), 0.09 (95% CI = 0.02, 0.17), 0.10 (95% CI = 0.03, 0.17), and 0.16 (95% CI = 0.08, 0.23) days. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ambient SO42-, OM, and BC might be significant risk factors for HF, emphasising the importance of formulating customised guidelines for the chemical constituents of PM and controlling the emissions of the most dangerous components.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Tempo de Internação , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
3.
Food Chem ; 445: 138700, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359567

RESUMO

Food prone to spoilage has a huge food safety hazard, threatening people's health, so early detection of food spoilage is a continuous and urgent need. Herein, we developed a dual-mode response sensor, alizarin complexone@UiO-66-NH2, which can accurately detect pH. The sensor demonstrated significant changes in color from pale yellow to deep pink, while the fluorescence shifted from light blue to blue violet. Moreover, both UV absorption and fluorescence intensity showed a linear correlation with pH raging from 4.5 to 7.5. These results indicate that the sensor effectively responds to pH, making it suitable for detecting the freshness of perishable food. To put this into practice, we integrated the sensor with cellulose-based filter paper to determine the freshness of shrimp and beef, which was proved to be effective in assessing freshness. In the future, it can be combined with intelligent colorimetric and fluorescence instruments to achieve visual detection.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas , Colorimetria , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Ácidos Ftálicos , Alimentos Marinhos , Bovinos , Animais , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 83(5): 564-575, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin (EPO) known as an erythrocyte-stimulating factor is increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Nevertheless, the function of EPO in the process of RA and relative mechanism needs to be further clarified. METHODS: The level of EPO in serum and synovial fluid from patients with RA and healthy controls was determined by . Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice were constructed to confirm the role of EPO on RA pathogenesis. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of EPO-treated fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) were screened by transcriptome sequencing. The transcription factor of neuraminidase 3 (NEU3) of DEGs was verified by double luciferase reporting experiment, DNA pulldown, electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. RESULTS: The overexpression of EPO was confirmed in patients with RA, which was positively associated with Disease Activity Score 28-joint count. Additionally, EPO intervention could significantly aggravate the joint destruction in CIA models. The upregulation of NEU3 was screened and verified by transcriptome sequencing and qPCR in EPO-treated FLS, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 was screened and verified to be the specific transcription factor of NEU3. EPO upregulates NEU3 expression via activating the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)-STAT5 signalling pathway through its receptor EPOR, thereby to promote the desialylation through enhancing the migration and invasion ability of FLS, which is verified by JAK2 inhibitor and NEU3 inhibitor. CONCLUSION: EPO, as a proinflammatory factor, accelerates the process of RA through transcriptional upregulation of the expression of NEU3 by JAK2/STAT5 pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Eritropoetina , Sinoviócitos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Neuraminidase/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Eritropoetina/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Proliferação de Células
5.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 8(3): 552-563, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238436

RESUMO

The geographic expansion of Homo sapiens populations into southeastern Europe occurred by ∼47,000 years ago (∼47 ka), marked by Initial Upper Palaeolithic (IUP) technology. H. sapiens was present in western Siberia by ∼45 ka, and IUP industries indicate early entries by ∼50 ka in the Russian Altai and 46-45 ka in northern Mongolia. H. sapiens was in northeastern Asia by ∼40 ka, with a single IUP site in China dating to 43-41 ka. Here we describe an IUP assemblage from Shiyu in northern China, dating to ∼45 ka. Shiyu contains a stone tool assemblage produced by Levallois and Volumetric Blade Reduction methods, the long-distance transfer of obsidian from sources in China and the Russian Far East (800-1,000 km away), increased hunting skills denoted by the selective culling of adult equids and the recovery of tanged and hafted projectile points with evidence of impact fractures, and the presence of a worked bone tool and a shaped graphite disc. Shiyu exhibits a set of advanced cultural behaviours, and together with the recovery of a now-lost human cranial bone, the record supports an expansion of H. sapiens into eastern Asia by about 45 ka.


Assuntos
Fósseis , Crânio , Humanos , China , Europa (Continente) , Antropologia Cultural
6.
Atherosclerosis ; 388: 117396, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38086281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lack of physical activity (PA) and sarcopenia is a known risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD). However, considering their coexistence in the middle-aged and elderly population, the interaction of these two factors remains uncertain. Here, we investigated the interactive effects of PA and sarcopenia on IHD. METHODS: We extracted 344,688 participants free of IHD at baseline from the UK Biobank. PA was classified into low, moderate, and high according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Sarcopenia was identified in accordance with the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People 2. Cox proportional hazard models were applied to estimate the effect of PA and sarcopenia on incident IHD and its subtypes. We also used objective PA data measured by wrist-worn devices to repeat these analyses. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 11.7 years, 24,809 (7.2%) participants developed incident IHD. Lack of PA was associated with a higher risk of IHD after adjusting for potential confounders. The hazard ratio (HR) was 1.09 (95% CI: 1.05-1.13) for individuals without sarcopenia and 1.29 (95% CI: 1.17-1.42) for those with sarcopenia. Regarding the joint effect, the combination of low PA and sarcopenia was associated with the highest risk of IHD, with an HR of 1.54 (95% CI: 1.44-1.66), and both additive and multiplicative interactions were significant (RERI 0.27, 95% CI: 0.14-0.39, p-interaction <0.01). For subtypes of IHD, the interaction was pronounced in acute myocardial infarction and chronic ischemic heart disease. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a synergistic interaction between lack of PA and sarcopenia on the risk of IHD. Findings from this study may help facilitate more effective primary prevention of IHD.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Sarcopenia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Incidência , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Exercício Físico
7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(21)2023 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37959888

RESUMO

Micro- and nanoplastics (MNPs) are polymeric compounds widely used in industry and daily life. Although contamination of aquatic products with MNPs exists, most current research on MNPs focuses on environmental, ecological, and toxicological studies, with less on food safety. Currently, the extent to which aquatic products are affected depends primarily on the physical and chemical properties of the consumed MNPs and the content of MNPs. This review presents new findings on the occurrence of MNPs in aquatic products in light of their properties, carrier effects, chemical effects, seasonality, spatiality, and differences in their location within organisms. The latest studies have been summarized for separation and identification of MNPs for aquatic products as well as their physical and chemical properties in aquatic products using fish, bivalves, and crustaceans as models from a food safety perspective. Also, the shortcomings of safety studies are reviewed, and guidance is provided for future research directions. Finally, gaps in current knowledge on MNPs are also emphasized.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37952094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia has been identified as a risk factor for increased mortality in individuals with CKD. However, when considering individuals with mild kidney dysfunction prior to CKD, the impact of sarcopenia on adverse outcomes, particularly mortality, remains uncertain. METHODS: This study included 323 801 participants from the UK Biobank. Mild kidney dysfunction was defined as eGFR between 60 and 89.9 mL/min/1.73 m2, and sarcopenia was defined according to the criteria of the 2019 European Working Group of Sarcopenia in Older People. Cox proportional hazard models with inverse probability weighting and competing risk models were used for analysis. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 11.8 years, 20 146 participants died from all causes. Compared with participants with normal kidney function and without sarcopenia, those with mild kidney dysfunction or sarcopenia had significantly increased risks of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR): 1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12 to 1.19; HR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.20 to 1.37]; those with both mild kidney dysfunction and sarcopenia had an even higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.52 to 1.71), with a significant overall additive interaction (relative risk due to interaction 0.17, 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.29). Further subgroup analyses revealed that the associations of probable sarcopenia with all-cause and cause-specific mortality (non-accidental cause, non-communicable diseases, and cancer) were stronger among participants with mild kidney dysfunction than those with normal kidney function. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that sarcopenia and mild kidney dysfunction synergistically increase the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Early recognition and improvement of mild kidney function or sarcopenia in older people may reduce mortality risk but would require more prospective confirmation.

9.
Opt Express ; 31(16): 26410-26417, 2023 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37710503

RESUMO

We propose and investigate a class of aperiodic grating structure which can achieve perfect Talbot effect under certain conditions. The aperiodic grating structure is obtained by the superposition of two or more sine terms. In the case of two sine terms, the Talbot effect can be realized when the period ratio of two terms is arbitrary. While in the case of more than two sine terms, the period ratios of each term must meet certain extra conditions. The theory has been further verified by numerical simulations. It expands the field of Talbot effect and is of potential significance for subsequent research applications such as optical imaging and measurement.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 460: 132372, 2023 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37633014

RESUMO

No previous study has examined the impact of air pollution on the cardiovascular disease (CVD) trajectory, especially among asthmatic subjects. Based on the UK Biobank cohort, we retrieved 292,227 adults free of asthma and CVD aged 37-73 years at recruitment (2006-2010). Annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides (NO2 and NOx) were assessed at each individual's addresses. We used multi-state models to estimate the associations of air pollution with the trajectory from healthy to incident asthma, subsequent CVD, and death. During a median follow-up of 11.7 years, a total of 6338 (2.2%) participants developed asthma, among which, 638 (10.1%) subsequently proceeded to CVD. We observed significant impacts of various air pollutants on the CVD dynamic transitions, with a more substantial effect of particulate matter pollutants than gaseous air pollutants. For example, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for per interquartile range increase in PM2.5 and PM10 were 1.28 (1.13, 1.44) and 1.27 (1.13, 1.43) for transitions from incident asthma to subsequent CVD. In conclusion, long-term air pollution exposure could affect the CVD trajectory. Distinguishing the effect of air pollutants on CVD transition stages has great significance for CVD health management and clinical prevention, especially among asthma patients.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Asma , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/epidemiologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Material Particulado/toxicidade
11.
Talanta ; 259: 124494, 2023 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37004395

RESUMO

Mercury ion (Hg2+), as one of the most poisonous heavy metal ions, could seriously damage mental and neurological functions thus causing severe diseases. A fluorescent ratiometric sensor based on semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) and rhodamine spirolactam derivate was developed for the detection of Hg2+. The Pdots were prepared by Poly [(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-co-(1,4-diphenylene-vinylene-2-methoxy-5-{2-ethylhexyloxy}-benzene)] (PDDB) with emitting strong green fluorescence. The organic fluorescence dye N-(rhodamine-B) lactam-hydrazine (RhBH), as Hg2+-recognizing monomer, was conjugated to the surface of Pdots. Hg2+ could specifically trigger ring-opening process of RhBH and thus induce strong Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) effect, resulting in the green fluorescence decrease of Pdots (energy donor) and red emission derived from the ring-opened RhBH (energy acceptor) increasing. PDDB@RhBH showed a sensitive and reversible response toward Hg2+ and had a great performance on resisting interferences from various biological analytes. Additionally, both fluorescent imaging in living cells and zebrafish, and systemic toxicity analysis in rats demonstrated that PDDB@RhBH was a great potential fluorescent sensor for quantitative Hg2+ imaging in living systems.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Mercúrio , Ratos , Animais , Polímeros , Mercúrio/análise , Peixe-Zebra , Rodaminas , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Íons
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 881: 163406, 2023 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37054795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The link between ambient air pollution and the incidence of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been widely studied. However, the associations of air pollution with the dynamic progression to multimorbidity and mortality of these diseases are unknown. METHODS: This study included 162,334 participants from the UK Biobank. Multimorbidity was defined as the coexistence of at least two of hypertension, diabetes, and CKD. Land use regression was used to estimate annual concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), PM10, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Multi-state models were used to assess the association between ambient air pollutants and the dynamic progression of hypertension, diabetes, and CKD. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 11.7 years, 18,496 participants experienced at least one of hypertension, diabetes, and CKD, 2216 experienced multimorbidity, and 302 died afterwards. We observed differential associations of four air pollutants on different transitions from healthy status to incident disease (hypertension, diabetes, or CKD), to multimorbidity, and to death. The hazard ratios (HRs) of each IQR increment in PM2.5, PM10, NO2, and NOx for the transition to incident disease were 1.07 [95 % confidence intervals (CI): 1.04, 1.09], 1.02 (1.00, 1.03), 1.07 (1.04, 1.09), and 1.05 (1.03, 1.07), but the associations with the transition to death were significant for NOx only [HR: 1.04 (95 % CI: 1.01, 1.08)]. CONCLUSIONS: Air pollution exposure might be one important determinant for the incidence and dynamic progression of hypertension, diabetes, and CKD, suggesting that more attention should be paid to ambient air pollution control in the prevention of hypertension, diabetes, and CKD, as well as their progression.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Incidência , Multimorbidade , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade
13.
BMC Biotechnol ; 23(1): 6, 2023 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36869335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by facilitating angiogenesis and is a promising therapeutic target for RA treatment. Herein, we generated a fully human CTGF blocking monoclonal antibody (mAb) through phage display technology. RESULTS: A single-chain fragment variable (scFv) with a high affinity to human CTGF was isolated through screening a fully human phage display library. We carried out affinity maturation to elevate its affinity for CTGF and reconstructed it into a full-length IgG1 format for further optimization. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) data showed that full-length antibody IgG mut-B2 bound to CTGF with a dissociation constant (KD) as low as 0.782 nM. In the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, IgG mut-B2 alleviated arthritis and decreased the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we confirmed that the TSP-1 domain of CTGF is essential for the interaction. Additionally, the results of Transwell assays, tube formation experiments, and chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assays showed that IgG mut-B2 could effectively inhibit angiogenesis. CONCLUSION: The fully human mAb that antagonizes CTGF could effectively alleviate arthritis in CIA mice, and its mechanism is tightly associated with the TSP-1 domain of CTGF.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo , Trombospondina 1 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Imunoglobulina G
14.
Food Chem ; 416: 135805, 2023 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36878118

RESUMO

Aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) that could contaminate agricultural products has received sustained attention due to its high toxicity and wide distribution. Therefore, sensitive and facile detection method for AFB1 is significant for food safety and control. In this work, a ratiometric fluorescence NMOFs-Aptasensor was developed based on the combination of Cy3-modified aptamer and zirconium-based nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOFs). NMOFs served as energy donors, and Cy3 labeled on the AFB1 aptamer was used as an acceptor. An energy donor-acceptor pair was fabricated in the NMOFs-Aptasensor. With AFB1 selectively caught by the AFB1 aptamer, the fluorescence of the NMOFs-Aptasensor changed via fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), and the fluorescence spectra changed accordingly. The ratiometric fluorescence signal was utilized to quantitatively measure AFB1. The reported NMOFs-Aptasensor presented great detection performance from 0 to 3.33 ng mL-1, with an LOD of 0.08 ng mL-1. Moreover, the fluorescence sensor was successfully applied to detect AFB1 in real samples.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Limite de Detecção , Aflatoxina B1/análise , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(6): 7978-7986, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727599

RESUMO

The promotion of magnetic field on catalytic performance has attracted extensive attention. However, little research has been reported on the performance of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for the modulating intrinsic magnetism of the catalyst under a magnetic field. Herein, we adjusted the intrinsic magnetism of the CoxNi1-xFe2O4-nanosheet by adjusting the ratio of Co and Ni, and researched the relationship between the OER activity and the intrinsic magnetism. The results indicate that the CoFe2O4-nanosheet has the most OER activity increases in the magnetic field due to the optimal intrinsic magnetism. The required overpotential of CoFe2O4-nanosheet@NF to reach a current density of 10 mA cm-2 was reduced by 21 mV under about 100 mT magnetic field compared with no magnetic field, and the degree of improvement of OER activity of different magnetic catalysts in the same magnetic field is positively correlated with the intrinsic magnetism of the catalyst. Therefore, magnetic field assistance provides a new, effective, and general strategy to improve the activity of electrodes for water splitting.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970122

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics, and further understand primary central nervous system T-cell lymphoma (PCNSTCL) in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of PCNSTCL in children and adolescents were collected from December 2016 to December 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotypic, and molecular pathologic features were analyzed, and relevant literatures reviewed. Results: There were two male and three female patients with a median age of 14 years (range 11 to 18 years). There were two peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified, two anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive and one NK/T cell lymphoma. Pathologically, the tumor cells showed a variable histomorphologic spectrum, including small, medium and large cells with diffuse growth pattern and perivascular accentuation. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization showed CD3 expression in four cases, and CD3 was lost in one case. CD5 expression was lost in four cases and retained in one case. ALK and CD30 were expressed in two cases. One tumor expressed CD56 and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA. All cases showed a cytotoxic phenotype with expression of TIA1 and granzyme B. Three cases had a high Ki-67 index (>50%). T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement was clonal in two cases. Conclusions: PCNSTCL is rare, especially in children and adolescents. The morphology of PCNSTCL is diverse. Immunohistochemistry and TCR gene rearrangement play important roles in the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Adolescente , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T
17.
Food Chem ; 397: 133792, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917785

RESUMO

The active coatings supplemented with epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) (0.16 %, 0.32 %, and 0.64 %, respectively) combined with superchilling storage (-3 ± 0.2 °C) were used to reduce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content, and inhibit lipid and protein oxidations of large yellow croaker during 42 days of superchilling storage. EGCG coatings delayed lipid and protein oxidations by inhibiting the generation of H2O2, malondialdehyde (MDA) and carbonyl groups, and maintaining a higher Ca2+-ATPase activity and sulfhydryl content. We also observed that EGCG treatments maintained myofibrillar organized secondary structure by keeping higher α-helix content, and also stabilized tertiary structure during superchilling storage. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) revealed that EGCG treatments might improve the association of water molecules with protein for fixed water. In addition, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images both showed that these treatments could delay the myofibrillar degradation of fresh fish. Overall, we report that the active coatings containing EGCG treatments protect the lipid and protein of large yellow croaker during superchilling storage.


Assuntos
Catequina , Perciformes , Tragacanto , Alginatos/química , Animais , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/química , Catequina/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Perciformes/metabolismo , Água
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 934061, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990694

RESUMO

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been recently acknowledged as an ideal biomarker in the early disease course, participating in the pathogenesis of pannus formation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, existing approaches for the detection of or antagonist targeting CTGF are either lacking or unsatisfactory in the diagnosis and treatment of RA. To address this, we synthesized and screened high-affinity single-stranded DNA aptamers targeting CTGF through a protein-based SELEX procedure. The structurally optimized variant AptW2-1-39-PEG was characterized thoroughly for its high-affinity (KD 7.86 nM), sensitivity (minimum protein binding concentration, 2 ng), specificity (negative binding to other biomarkers of RA), and stability (viability-maintaining duration in human serum, 48 h) properties using various biochemical and biophysical assays. Importantly, we showed the antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities of the aptamers obtained using functional experiments and further verified the therapeutic effect of the aptamers on joint injury and inflammatory response in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, thus advancing this study into actual therapeutic application. Furthermore, we revealed that the binding within AptW2-1-39-PEG/CTGF was mediated by the thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) domain of CTGF using robust bioinformatics tools together with immunofluorescence. In conclusion, our results revealed a novel aptamer that holds promise as an additive or alternative approach for CTGF-targeting diagnostics and therapeutics for RA.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Neovascularização da Córnea , Animais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/farmacologia , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/diagnóstico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Pannus
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7118, 2022 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504960

RESUMO

Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) in children and adolescents is a rare type of T/NK cell neoplasms. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathological and genetic features of this rare entity of lymphoma. We evaluated the clinical, histopathological and molecular features of 22 young people with NKTCL, including 15 males and 7 females, with a median age of 15 years. The results revealed that the nasal site was the most involved region while non-nasal sites were observed in 27.3% out of all cases. The tumor cells were composed of small­sized to large cells and 19 (86.4%) cases exhibited coagulative necrosis. The neoplastic cells in all patients were positive for CD3 and the cytotoxic markers. Nineteen (86.4%) cases were positive for CD56. Reduced expression of CD5 was observed in all available cases. CD30 was heterogeneously expressed in 15 (75.0%) cases. All 22 patients were EBV positive. Seven (36.8%) out of all the 19 patients during the follow-up died of the disease, and the median follow­up period was 44 months. Moreover, patients treated with radiotherapy/chemotherapy showed significantly inferior OS compared with the untreated patients. High mutation frequencies were detected including KMT2C (5/5), MST1 (5/5), HLA-A (3/5) and BCL11A (3/5), which involved in modifications, tumor suppression and immune surveillance. These results suggest that NKTCL in children and adolescents exhibits histopathological and immunohistochemical features similar to the cases in adults. Active treatment is necessary after the diagnosis of NKTCL is confirmed. Furthermore, genetic analyse may provide a deep understanding of this rare disease.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Células T Matadoras Naturais , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-1 , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Masculino , Células T Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(3)2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35323431

RESUMO

Biological amines are organic nitrogen compounds that can be produced by the decomposition of spoiled food. As an important biological amine, histamine has played an important role in food safety. Many methods have been used to detect histamine in foods. Compared with traditional analysis methods, fluorescence sensors as an adaptable detection tool for histamine in foods have the advantages of low cost, convenience, less operation, high sensitivity, and good visibility. In terms of food safety, fluorescence sensors have shown great utilization potential. In this review, we will introduce the applications and development of fluorescence sensors in food safety based on various types of materials. The performance and effectiveness of the fluorescence sensors are discussed in detail regarding their structure, luminescence mechanism, and recognition mechanism. This review may contribute to the exploration of the application of fluorescence sensors in food-related work.


Assuntos
Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Histamina , Fluorescência , Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos
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