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1.
J Cancer ; 15(6): 1613-1623, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370383

RESUMO

Comprehensive analysis of mortality and causes of death (COD) in cancers was of importance to conduct intervention strategies. The current study aimed to investigate the mortality rate and COD among cancers, and to explore the disparities between age. Initially, cancer patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2019 from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database were extracted. Then, frequencies and percentage of deaths, and mortality rate in different age groups were calculated. Meanwhile, age distribution of different COD across tumor types was illustrated while the standardized mortality ratios (SMR) stratified by age were calculated and visualized. A total of 2,670,403 death records were included and digestive system cancer (688,953 death cases) was the most common primary cancer type. The mortality rate increased by 5.6% annually in total death, 4.0% in cancer-specific death and 10.9% in non-cancer cause. As for cancer-specific death, the age distribution varied among different primary tumor types due to prone age and prognosis of cancer. The top five non-cancer causes in patients older than 50 were cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, other causes, COPD and associated conditions, diabetes as well as Alzheimer. The SMRs of these causes were higher among younger patients and gradually dropped in older age groups. Mortality and COD of cancer patients were heterogeneous in age group due to primary tumor types, prone age and prognosis of cancer. Our study conducted that non-cancer COD was a critical part in clinical practice as well as cancer-specific death. Individualized treatment and clinical intervention should be made after fully considering of the risk factor for death in different diagnosis ages and tumor types.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 795, 2023 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37620771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to evaluate survival outcome and limb function in cancer patients with proximal limbs metastasis. Associated factors on survival outcome and limb function were identified. The comparative analysis between intramedullary nailing and prosthesis surgery in cancer patients with proximal limb metastasis was performed. METHODS: In this five-center retrospective study, patients diagnosed with limbs metastasis were collected. Descriptive statistics was used and log-rank test was performed to analyze the survival in subgroups. The Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to identify the independent prognostic factors. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scoring system was used to evaluate limb function after surgery, and t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) was utilized in subgroup analysis. RESULTS: A total of 316 patients with limb metastasis were included with mean age at 61.0 years. The most common primary tumor was breast, followed by renal cancer and lung cancer. The median overall survival was 24.0 months and the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 86.9%, 34.7% and 6.8%, respectively. Primary tumor type, visceral metastasis and chemotherapy were proved to be the independent prognostic factors. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score was 20.5, significant difference was observed in subgroup of solitary/multiple bone metastasis, with/without pathological fracture, and type of surgery. CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that primary tumor type, visceral metastasis and chemotherapy were three factors affecting the survival of patients. Compared with intramedullary nailing, the patients underwent prosthesis surgery showed better limb function, this procedure should be encouraged in patients with indication.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extremidades/cirurgia
3.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 506, 2023 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37271825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor. The current study was conducted to describe the general condition of patients with primary osteosarcoma in a single cancer center in Tianjin, China and to investigate the associated factors in osteosarcoma patients with lung metastasis. METHODS: From February 2009 to October 2020, patients from Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, China were retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the overall survival of osteosarcoma patients. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to analyze the prognostic factors of all osteosarcoma patients and those patients with lung metastasis, respectively. Furthermore, risk factors for developing lung metastasis were identified in synchronous lung metastasis (SLM) and metachronous lung metastasis (MLM) patients. RESULTS: A total of 203 patients were involved and 150 patients were successfully followed up for survival status. The 5-year survival rate of osteosarcoma was 70.0% and the survival months for patients with SLM and MLM were 33.3 ± 12.6 and 45.8 ± 7.4 months, respectively. The presence of lung metastasis was one of the independent prognostic factors for prognosis of osteosarcoma. In patients with lung metastasis, twenty-one (10.3%) showed lung metastasis at the diagnosis of osteosarcoma and 67 (33%) were diagnosed with lung metastases during the later course. T3 stage (OR = 11.415, 95%CI 1.362-95.677, P = 0.025) and bone metastasis (OR = 6.437, 95%CI 1.69-24.51, P = 0.006) were risk factors of SLM occurrence. Bone metastasis (OR = 1.842, 95%CI 1.053-3.224, P = 0.032), good necrosis (≥ 90%, OR = 0.032, 95%CI 0.050-0.412, P < 0.001), elevated Ki-67 (OR = 2.958, 95%CI 1.098-7.969, P = 0.032) and elevated LDH (OR = 1.791, 95%CI 1.020-3.146, P = 0.043) were proved to be independent risk factors for developing MLM. CONCLUSION: The overall survival, prognostic factors and risk factors for lung metastasis in this single center provided insight about osteosarcoma management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Osteossarcoma , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incidência , Prognóstico , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , China/epidemiologia
4.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 239, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36918809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has become the most common malignant tumour worldwide. Distant metastasis is one of the leading causes of breast cancer-related death. To verify the performance of clinicomics-guided distant metastasis risk prediction for breast cancer via artificial intelligence and to investigate the accuracy of the created prediction models for metachronous distant metastasis, bone metastasis and visceral metastasis. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 6703 breast cancer patients from 2011 to 2016 in our hospital. The figures of magnetic resonance imaging scanning and ultrasound were collected, and the figures features of distant metastasis in breast cancer were detected. Clinicomics-guided nomogram was proven to be with significant better ability on distant metastasis prediction than the nomogram constructed by only clinical or radiographic data. RESULTS: Three clinicomics-guided prediction nomograms on distant metastasis, bone metastasis and visceral metastasis were created and validated. These models can potentially guide metachronous distant metastasis screening and lead to the implementation of individualized prophylactic therapy for breast cancer patients. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first study to make cliniomics a reality. Such cliniomics strategy possesses the development potential in artificial intelligence medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inteligência Artificial , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366178

RESUMO

Object detection is a critical technology of environmental perception for autonomous driving vehicle. The Convolutional Neural Network has gradually become a powerful tool in the field of vehicle detection because of its powerful ability of feature extraction. In aiming to reach the balance between speed and accuracy of detection in complex traffic scenarios, this paper proposes an improved lightweight and high-performance vehicle-pedestrian detection algorithm based on the YOLOv4. Firstly, the backbone network CSPDarknet53 is replaced by MobileNetv2 to reduce the number of parameters and raise the capability of feature extraction. Secondly, the method of multi-scale feature fusion is used to realize the information interaction among different feature layers. Finally, a coordinate attention mechanism is added to focus on the region of interest in the image by way of weight adjustment. The experimental results show that this improved model has a great performance in vehicle-pedestrian detection in traffic scenarios. Experimental results on PASCAL VOC datasets show that the improved model's mAP is 85.79% and speed is 35FPS, which has an increase of 4.31% and 16.7% compared to YOLOv4. Furthermore, the improved YOLOv4 model maintains a great balance between detection accuracy and speed on different datasets, indicating that it can be applied to vehicle-pedestrian detection in traffic scenarios.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Pedestres , Humanos , Acidentes de Trânsito , Algoritmos , Redes Neurais de Computação
6.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1029913, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419879

RESUMO

Background: Visceral sarcomas are a rare form of soft tissue sarcoma. This study aimed to evaluate the survival and prognostic factors and effective treatments for visceral sarcomas. Methods: All patients with visceral sarcoma referred to our center between January 2010 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method and a log-rank test were used for survival analysis. Results: A total of 53 patients with visceral sarcoma were analyzed in this study with the median age at diagnosis of 57 (range, 24-77) years. Among them, 37 (69.8%) and 16 (30.2%) patients had localized and metastatic diseases at the initial presentation, respectively, and 44 patients underwent surgical resection. The median follow-up, event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 63.0 (range, 2-130), 42.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 10.879-73.121) and 45.0 months (95% CI 9.938-80.062), respectively. The 5-year EFS and OS rates were 44% and 46%, respectively. Univariate analysis of prognostic indicators illustrated that metastasis at presentation, surgery, surgical margin and the types of surgery were significantly associated with OS and EFS. In this study, combined chemotherapy or radiotherapy had no effects on EFS and OS. Conclusion: Primary visceral sarcoma is an uncommon and aggressive malignant tumor with a higher rate of local recurrence. In the largest cohort of visceral sarcomas in China to date, we identified metastases at presentation, surgery, surgical margin, and the types of surgery as independent predictors of survival. The combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy did not affect survival.

7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1045458, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387155

RESUMO

Bone metastasis is one of the comorbidities of advanced lung cancer, eventually leading to an impaired quality of life. We present a case of a lung adenocarcinoma patient with synchronous bone metastasis. The patient possessed a superior survival time of more than five years under multidisciplinary treatment. Considering the balance of life expectancy and limb function, the metastatic site on the right humerus was successively surgically managed. Based on the present case, we emphasized the importance of treatment choice between anti-tumor and bone management in the long-term survival of cancer patients with synchronous bone metastasis.

8.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 315, 2022 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative real time ultrasound-assisted flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage in the treatment of parapelvic cysts, and to review recently published relevant literature. METHOD: This is a retrospective study in which the clinical data of 47 patients who underwent flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage of parapelvic cysts in our center from March 2017 to March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. A literature search was conducted to review and summarize relevant reports on endoscopic treatment of parapelvic cysts published in the past 10 years. RESULTS: Among 47 patients with parapelvic cysts who underwent flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage, 12 (25.53%) cases had a typical cyst wall bulging into the collecting system under flexible ureteroscope. As the cyst wall was thin and translucent in these cases, ultrasound was not used during the operation. The cysts of the remaining 35 patients were located with the aid of intraoperative real time ultrasound, and all underwent successful operation. No serious surgical complications occurred after surgery. The patients were followed up for 12-24 months after operation. The cyst in one case was observed larger than its original size before operation, so recurrence was considered. In another two cases, the diameters of the cysts were more than half of their original diameters before operation. Thus, the efficacy was poor in the three cases. For the remaining 44 cases, there was no obvious cyst observed or the diameter of the cysts was less than half their preoperative level. CONCLUSION: The approach of ultrasound-assisted flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage in the treatment of parapelvic cysts is safe and effective, which helps to solve the problem of localization of atypical parapelvic cysts on endoscopic findings.


Assuntos
Cistos , Doenças Renais Císticas , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Cistos/cirurgia , Drenagem , Humanos , Doenças Renais Císticas/cirurgia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscopia
9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 899501, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967822

RESUMO

Background and aim: Leucopenia (LP) greatly limits the efficacy of chemotherapy in osteosarcoma patients. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of osteosarcoma patients before chemotherapy, assess the risk of LP during the perichemotherapy period, and explore the association between malnutrition and LP. Materials and methods: This study retrospectively analyzed osteosarcoma patients treated in the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, China, between January 2009 and December 2020 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Malnutrition in adolescents (5 to 19 years old) and adults (≥20 years old) was diagnosed using WHO AnthroPlus software (version 1.0.4) and Global Leadership initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM), respectively. According to the diagnostic criteria of LP in CTCAE 5.0, patients were divided into the LP group and the non-LP group. Results: A total of 245 osteosarcoma patients were included. The incidence of malnutrition was 49.0%, and the incidence of LP was 51.8%. The incidence of malnutrition in adolescent patients was 53.1%, and their incidence of LP was 55.2%; the incidence of malnutrition in adult patients was 43.1%, and their incidence of LP was 47.1%. Logistic regression analysis showed that malnutrition before chemotherapy was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of LP after chemotherapy (OR = 6.85, 95% CI = 2.16-25.43; and OR = 35.03, 95% CI = 6.98-238.46 in mildly and severely malnourished young patients; OR = 6.06; 95% CI = 1.43-30.16; and OR = 38.09, 95% CI = 7.23-285.78 in mildly and severely malnourished adult patients, respectively). The results showed that age and nutritional status had a joint effect on the occurrence of LP. Conclusion: The nutrition status of osteosarcoma patients before chemotherapy is significantly correlated with the occurrence and severity of LP during peri-chemotherapy period. During osteosarcoma chemotherapy, necessary nutritional support should be given to patients of different ages to correct their malnutrition status in a timely manner, ultimately improving the efficacy of chemotherapy and the prognosis of patients.

10.
J Bone Oncol ; 35: 100443, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815184

RESUMO

Background: Over the past few decades, a vast number of articles focused on bone metastasis have been published. Bibliometric analysis is helpful to determine the qualities and characteristics and to reveal the influential articles in this field. Methods: All the databases in Web of Science were utilized to identify articles published from 1961 to 2020. The top 100 most cited articles on bone metastases were involved for degree centrality analysis and analyses on publication time and citations, journals, authors, geographical distribution, research institutions, and research keywords. Results: The selected articles were published mainly from 1986 to 2015. The 100 most cited articles were selected from a total of 67,451 citations out of 90,502 publications with a density of 50.239 citations/year. Citations per article ranged from 357 to 2167. The leading country was USA, followed by Canada and United Kingdom. The most frequently studied themes were clinical management of bone metastasis from different malignancy origins. A co-authorship analysis revealed an intense collaborative activity between countries and institutions. Conclusions: This study identified the top 100 most cited articles on bone metastasis. Publication time, area, and theme distribution were thoroughly analyzed. The present study highlighted some of the most influential contributions to the field. Clinical and academic communities have shown a sustained interest in the management of bone metastasis.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 899544, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721072

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the non-cancer causes of death (COD) in cancer patients with synchronous bone metastasis (BM) that is based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Methods: The retrospective cohort study included malignant cancer patients with synchronous BM diagnosed from 2010 to 2018 in the SEER database. The frequencies and proportion of non-cancer COD were calculated and analyzed in different genders, ages, and races subgroups. Results: A total of 97,997 patients were deceased and included into the current study and 6,782 patients were died of non-cancer causes with a male predominance (N = 4,515, 66.6%). Around half of deaths (N = 3,254, 48.0%) occurred within 6 months after diagnosis while 721 patients were deceased after 3 years. Lung and bronchus cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, kidney and renal pelvis cancer, and liver cancer were proved to be the top five cancer types resulting in non-cancer caused death. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were the leading non-cancer cause of death (N = 2,618), followed by COPD and associated conditions (N = 553) and septicemia, infectious and parasitic diseases (N = 544). Sub-analyses stratified by gender, age and race were performed and the similar results with slightly difference were observed. Conclusions: Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were the main non-cancer cause of death in cancer patients with synchronous BM. Other non-cancer causes included COPD, septicemia, infectious and parasitic diseases, and so on. These findings should be considered by physicians. Physicians can counsel cancer patients with BM regarding survivorship with death causes screening and focus on prevention of non-cancer deaths.

12.
Breast J ; 2022: 7140884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711898

RESUMO

Purpose: Bone metastasis in breast cancer remains globally concerned. Accurate survival estimation would be beneficial for clinical decision-making, especially for the patients with potential indications of surgery. Based on a retrospective cohort from China, the study aimed to construct a prognostic prediction nomogram for breast cancer patients with bone metastasis. Methods: Breast cancer patients with bone metastasis diagnosed between 2009 and 2017 in our department were retrospectively selected. The total cohort was divided into construction and validation cohorts (ratio 7 : 3). A nomogram was constructed to predict the probability of survival, and the performance of model was validated. Results: A total of 343 patients were enrolled with 243 and 100 patients in construction and validation cohorts, respectively. The median overall survival for the total cohort was 63.2 (95% CI: 52.4-74.0) months. Elevated ALP (HR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.16-2.51; P=0.006), no surgery for breast cancer (HR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.30-3.70; P=0.003), synchronous bone metastasis (HR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.22-3.22; P=0.006), and liver metastasis (HR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.20-2.37; P=0.003) were independent prognostic factors for worse survival. The independent predictors and other five factors (including age at diagnosis, ER status, PR status, Her-2 status, and the performance of bisphosphonate) were incorporated to construct the nomogram. The C-index was 0.714 (95% CI: 0.636-0.792) and 0.705 (95% CI: 0.705) in the construction cohort and validation cohort, respectively. All the calibration curves were close to the 45-degree line, which indicated satisfactory calibration. Conclusion: A retrospective study aiming at prognostic estimation of breast cancer patients with bone metastasis was designed. Four independent prognostic factors were identified and a prognostic nomogram was constructed with satisfactory discrimination and calibration. The model could be used in survival estimation and individualized treatment planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(12): 5023-5033, 2022 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35640086

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the trends of plasma drug concentration changes after high-dose methotrexate (MTX) treatment of osteosarcoma (OS), analyse the risk factors for leukopenia (LP) after MTX treatment, and establish a LP prediction nomogram. METHODS: A total of 35 OS patients at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital between 2017 and 2021 were collected (the construction cohort). Another 12 OS patients between 2019 and 2021 in P.A. Hertsen Moscow Oncology Research Center were involved (the external validation cohort). Peripheral venous blood MTX concentration (CMTX) was monitored at 0h, 6h, 24h, 48h and 72h after MTX administration. The characteristics were collected: age, sex, body surface area, lesion site, pathological subtype, pathological fractures, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) clinical stage, MTX dose, tumour necrosis, Ki-67 index, erythrocyte count, haemoglobin count, white blood cell count, platelet count (PLT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), bilirubin, albumin concentration, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, and lactate dehydrogenase. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for LP occurrence. Significant factors were used to construct the prediction nomogram. RESULTS: A total of 128 MTX chemotherapy cycles from 35 OS patients were included. Female, Ki-67>20%, CMTX>112µmol/L at 6h, PLT, and AST were risk factors for post-chemotherapy LP occurrence. The LP prediction nomogram was created and validated. CONCLUSIONS: Female, CMTX at 6h, Ki-67 index, AST and PLT before MTX treatment were risk factors for LP in OS patients who received MTX treatment. The established nomogram can guide personalized LP prediction in OS patients receiving MTX chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Leucopenia , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Leucopenia/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Nomogramas , Osteossarcoma/patologia
14.
Orthop Surg ; 14(4): 714-719, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Based on a large public cohort, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of distant metastases in patients with osteosarcoma, to evaluate the survival of patients with different metastases and to reveal the related risk and prognostic factors for distant metastases. METHODS: The information of osteosarcoma patients with or without distant metastases was retrospectively extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result database from January 2010 to December 2015. Patients were excluded if they were diagnosed at autopsy or via death certification. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival in the entire cohort and across patients with metastases to different organs. The related prognostic factors were investigated by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. The logistic regression method was used to reveal the risk factors for the development of different metastases. The effects of different variables on the survival and prevalence of distant metastases were compared using subgroup analysis. Variables with P < 0.05 in the univariate regression analysis were further examined using multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 1470 osteosarcoma patients (mean age 30 ± 22 years) were included, among which 278 patients (18.9%) were initially diagnosed with distant metastasis. The median follow-up duration was 33.0 (30.2-35.8) months. The lung was the most common metastatic site (83.8%), followed by the bone (21.9%), liver (2.9%), and brain (2.2%). A total of 232 patients (83.5%) presented only one distant metastatic site, while the other 46 patients showed two or more metastatic sites. A lower proportion of metastasis was observed in patients aged from 25 to 59 years [odds ratio (OR) = 0.59; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.37-0.95]. More metastases were noted in patients with T2/T1 (OR = 1.91; 95% CI: 1.28-2.84), T3/T1 (OR = 4.48; 95% CI: 1.78-11.30) and N1/N0 stages (OR = 6.66; 95% CI: 2.68-16.56). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates for metastatic patients were 57.3% (95% CI: 50.8%-63.8%), 25.3% (95% CI: 18.8%-31.9%), and 18.1% (95% CI: 10.2%-26.0%), respectively. Metastatic patients older than 25 years were prone to have poor survival and a relatively better prognosis (hazard ratio = 0.41; 95% CI: 0.25-0.69) was noticed among those who underwent surgery on the primary site. Different metastatic organs have homogeneous and heterogeneous risk and prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The high incidence of initial distant metastasis in osteosarcoma and the inconsistent predictive factors should be given more attention in the clinical management of patients with osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Criança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 770958, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35280784

RESUMO

Background: Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and paraganglioma (PGL) are relatively rare neuroendocrine tumors. The factors affecting patients with early death remain poorly defined. We aimed to study the demographic and clinicopathologic pattern and to develop and validate a prediction model for PHEO/PGL patients with early death. Methods: Data of 800 participants were collected from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database as a construction cohort, while data of 340 participants were selected as a validation cohort. Risk factors considered included the year of diagnosis, age at diagnosis, gender, marital status, race, insurance status, tumor type, primary location, laterality, the presence of distant metastasis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to determine the risk factors. R software was used to generate the nomogram. Calibration ability, discrimination ability, and decision curve analysis were analyzed in both construction and validation cohorts. Results: PHEO and PGL patients accounted for 54.3% (N=434) and 45.7% (N=366), respectively. More than half of tumors (N=401, 50.1%) occurred in the adrenal gland, while 16.9% (N=135) were in aortic/carotid bodies. For the entire cohort, the median overall survival (OS) was 116.0 (95% CI: 101.5-130.5) months. The multivariate analysis revealed that older age (versus age younger than 31; age between 31 and 60: OR=2.03, 95% CI: 1.03-4.03, P=0.042; age older than 60: OR=5.46, 95% CI: 2.68-11.12, P<0.001), female gender (versus male gender; OR=0.59, 95% CI: 0.41-0.87, P=0.007), tumor located in aortic/carotid bodies (versus tumor located in adrenal gland; OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.27-0.87, P=0.015) and the presence of distant metastasis (versus without distant metastasis; OR=4.80, 95% CI: 3.18-7.23, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of early death. The predictive nomogram included variables: age at diagnosis, gender, primary tumor location, and distant metastasis. The model had satisfactory discrimination and calibration performance: Harrell's C statistics of the prediction model were 0.733 in the construction cohort and 0.716 in the validation cohort. The calibration analysis showed acceptable coherence between predicted probabilities and observed probabilities. Conclusions: We developed and validated a predictive nomogram utilizing data from the SEER database with satisfactory discrimination and calibration capability which can be used for early death prediction for PHEO/PGL patients.

16.
J Cancer ; 13(2): 393-400, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35069889

RESUMO

Purpose: Based on the one of the largest hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) population with bone metastasis (BM) from the single center in Tianjin, China, the present study aimed to investigate the risk and survival of synchronous bone metastasis (sBM) and metachronous bone metastasis (mBM) in HCC, and to reveal characteristics and related factors of HCC patients with bone metastasis. Methods: HCC patients with bone metastasis between 2009 and 2017 from Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital, Tianjin, China, were involved. Chi-square test/ Fisher's exact test and Logistic regression were used to estimate the risk factors of bone metastasis in HCC. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival of HCC patients, and the Log-rank test was used to analyze the survival of HCC patients. The prognostic factors of HCC patients with BM were identified via Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable COX regression model. Results: Among 4421 HCC patients, 128 patients with BM were identified. Of the 128 patients with BM, 77 patients (60.16%) were with sBM and 51 patients (39.84%) were with mBM. The incidence of sBM in HCC was 1.74% at initial diagnosis. The most common metastatic site of sBM was rib, followed by lumbar, thoracic, and sacral. The median latency time from HCC diagnosis to mBM was six months. The most common site of mBM was thoracic, followed by lumbar, sacral and rib. Alcohol-drinking history (P=0.027), numbers (P=0.023) and size (P=0.008) of intrahepatic tumor, lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), serum ALP (P=0.004) and HGB (P=0.004) level were found to be correlated with the occurrence of BM. The overall survival between non-BM and BM were statistically different (P=0.028). Conclusion: The incidence of sBM in HCC was 1.74% at initial diagnosis. The median latency time from HCC diagnosis to mBM was 6 months. The characteristics between occurrence and prognosis showed significant difference between sBM and mBM. Early identification of high-risk BM population was essential for the improvement of both quality of life and prognosis. The revealed related factors can potentially guide sBM and mBM identification and early diagnosis in HCC.

17.
Cancer Biol Med ; 19(6)2021 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817950

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sarcomas are a group of rare malignancies with various subtypes. Patients with metastatic sarcoma who have failed traditional treatments can possibly achieve better prognoses from using novel therapies, including anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1)-based therapies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 24 metastatic sarcoma patients from June 15, 2016 to December 30, 2019. These patients mainly received angiogenesis inhibitors combined with anti-PD-1 therapy after they became resistant to traditional treatments. Furthermore, 8 patients underwent panel DNA and whole transcript sequencing. RESULTS: Six patients received 2 cycles of anti-PD-1 therapy and were included in the safety evaluation only group. The median follow-up time was 5.77 months. The median progression-free survival was 7.59 months, the overall response rate was 16.7% and the disease control rate was 55.6%. Based on whole exome and transcript sequencing data, there was no association between TMB, TNB, MSI, HLA-LOH, and PD-L1 expressions and sarcoma types with clinical responses. Immunotherapy efficacy and bioinformatics analyses indicated higher intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) in progressive disease (PD) patients and lower ITH in partial response (PR) and stable disease patients. A higher percentage of immune cell infiltration, especially monocytes, was observed in PR patients. Active stromal gene expression was increased in PD patients but decreased in PR patients. Enrichment analysis revealed that an increased TGF-ß signaling pathway was reversely correlated with anti-PD-1 efficacy, while a decreased inflammatory response signaling pathway was positively correlated with anti-PD-1 efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed PD-1 inhibitors combined with anti-angiogenesis agents were effective and well-tolerated. ITH, monocyte ratio, stroma subtypes, and the status of immune-associated signaling pathways may be related with anti-PD-1 based therapy.


Assuntos
Sarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia
18.
Front Genet ; 12: 753948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650603

RESUMO

Objectives: To establish and validate a nomogram integrating radiomics signatures from ultrasound and clinical factors to discriminate between benign, borderline, and malignant serous ovarian tumors. Materials and methods: In this study, a total of 279 pathology-confirmed serous ovarian tumors collected from 265 patients between March 2013 and December 2016 were used. The training cohort was generated by randomly selecting 70% of each of the three types (benign, borderline, and malignant) of tumors, while the remaining 30% was included in the validation cohort. From the transabdominal ultrasound scanning of ovarian tumors, the radiomics features were extracted, and a score was calculated. The ability of radiomics to differentiate between the grades of ovarian tumors was tested by comparing benign vs borderline and malignant (task 1) and borderline vs malignant (task 2). These results were compared with the diagnostic performance and subjective assessment by junior and senior sonographers. Finally, a clinical-feature alone model and a combined clinical-radiomics (CCR) model were built using predictive nomograms for the two tasks. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were performed to evaluate the model performance. Results: The US-based radiomics models performed satisfactorily in both the tasks, showing especially higher accuracy in the second task by successfully discriminating borderline and malignant ovarian serous tumors compared to the evaluations by senior sonographers (AUC = 0.789 for seniors and 0.877 for radiomics models in task one; AUC = 0.612 for senior and 0.839 for radiomics model in task 2). We showed that the CCR model, comprising CA125 level, lesion location, ascites, and radiomics signatures, performed the best (AUC = 0.937, 95%CI 0.905-0.969 in task 1, AUC = 0.924, 95%CI 0.876-0.971 in task 2) in the training as well as in the validation cohorts (AUC = 0.914, 95%CI 0.851-0.976 in task 1, AUC = 0.890, 95%CI 0.794-0.987 in task 2). The calibration curve and DCA analysis of the CCR model more accurately predicted the classification of the tumors than the clinical features alone. Conclusion: This study integrates novel radiomics signatures from ultrasound and clinical factors to create a nomogram to provide preoperative diagnostic information for differentiating between benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian serous tumors, thereby reducing unnecessary and risky biopsies and surgeries.

19.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 6533049, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512796

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a kind of lethal cancer. Although there are mature treatment methods, there is still a lack of rigorous and scientific means for cancer diagnosis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a kind of noncoding RNA (ncRNA). Recent studies find that alteration of lncRNA expression is related to the occurrence of many cancers. In order to find lncRNAs which can effectively predict the prognosis of ccRCC, RNA-seq count data and clinical information were downloaded from TCGA-KIRC, and gene expression profiles from 530 patients were included. Then, K-means was used for clustering, and the number of clusters was determined to be 5. The R-package "edgeR" was used to perform differential expression analysis. Subsequently, a risk model composed of 10 lncRNA biomarkers significantly related to prognosis was identified via Cox and LASSO regression analyses. Then, patients were divided into two groups according to the model-based risk score, and then, GSEA pathway enrichment was performed. The results showed that metabolism- and mTOR-related pathways were activated while immune-related pathways were inhibited in the high-risk patients. Combined with previous studies, it is believed that these 10 lncRNAs are potential targets for the treatment of ccRCC. In addition, Cox regression analysis was used to verify the independence of the risk model, and as results revealed, the risk model can be used to independently predict the prognosis of patients. In conclusion, our study found 10 lncRNAs related to the prognosis of ccRCC and provided new ideas for clinical diagnosis and drug development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Software , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
20.
Urol Int ; 105(9-10): 906-915, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: miR-155-5p as an important microRNA has been extensively studied for its biological functions and mechanisms in various cancers. However, the role and underlying mechanisms in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remain to be further elucidated. METHODS: Bioinformatics methods were implemented to analyze differentially expressed genes in the cancer genome atlas database. qRT-PCR and Western blot were employed to detect the expression of miR-155-5p and paternally expressed gene 3 (PEG3) mRNA as well as protein expression. Cell lines with miR-155-5p knockdown or miR-155-5p/PEG3 co-overexpression were constructed. A series of experiments including the MTT method, wound healing assay, and transwell assay were carried out to detect the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells in different treatment groups. Bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase assay were conducted to confirm the targeting relationship between PEG3 and miR-155-5p in ccRCC. RESULTS: miR-155-5p was found to be significantly upregulated in ccRCC cells, while PEG3 exhibited significantly low expression. The downregulation of miR-155-5p could inhibit cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC. miR-155-5p could inhibit the expression of PEG3. The overexpression of miR-155-5p could promote cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas overexpression of PEG3 could significantly attenuate such effect. Therefore, miR-155-5p may promote cell growth of ccRCC via inhibiting PEG3 expression. CONCLUSION: These findings validated the effect of miR-155-5p/PEG3 on ccRCC cells and provided novel potential targets for the prognosis and treatment of patients with ccRCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transdução de Sinais
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