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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131833, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426128

RESUMO

Due to the poor living and healthcare conditions, preterm birth (PTB) in rural population is a pressing health issue. However, PTB studies in rural population are rare. To explore the effects of air pollutants on PTB in rural population, we collected 697,316 medical records during 2014-2016 based on the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between air pollutants and PTB and the modifying effects of demographic characteristics. Relative contribution and principal component analysis-generalized linear model (PCA-GLM) analysis were used to explore the most significant air pollutant and gestational period. Our results demonstrated that PTB risk is positively associated with exposure to air pollutants including PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NO2, and CO, while negatively associated with O3 exposure (P < 0.05). In addition, we found that NO2 was the largest contributor to the risk of PTB caused by air pollutants (26.5%). The third trimester of pregnancy was the most sensitive exposure window. PCA-GLM analysis showed that the first component (a combination of PM, SO2, NO2, and CO) increased the risk of PTB. Moreover, we found that rural women who are younger, had higher educated, multi-parity, or smoke appeared to be more sensitive to the association between air pollutants exposure and PTB (P-interaction<0.05). Our findings suggested that increased air pollutants except O3 were associated with elevated PTB risk, especially among vulnerable mothers. Therefore, the effects of air pollutants exposure on PTB should be mitigated by restricting emission sources of NO2 and SO2 in rural population, especially during the third trimester.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Nascimento Prematuro , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , População Rural
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114456, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333105

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy which lacks effective treatment and has a poor prognosis. ß-Elemene refers to a natural Curcuma wenyujin-derived single molecular entity, which exhibits various biological activities, and is especially well-known for it's antitumor properties. AIM OF THE RESEARCH: LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, and PDK1 have displayed oncogenic roles in many tumors, participating in the initiation and progression of cancers by mediating multiple signaling pathways. However, there are only a few reports about their roles and mutual relationship in the growth of HCC cells. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the expression of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, and PDK1 and their interaction with ß-Elemene in HCC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MTT, a Colony formation assay, and flow cytometry were employed to evaluate the growth of HCC and LO2 cells under ß-Elemene. LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1 plasmids were transfected into HCC cells by a transient transfection assay, and the expression and interaction of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1 were assessed via qRT-PCR and western blotting. RESULTS: ß-Elemene suppressed HCC cell growth through the downregulation of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1. The results demonstrated a reciprocal interaction among LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1. Exogenous overexpression LncRNA HOTAIR or SP1 eliminated the suppressive effects of ß-Elemene on them, and both of which regulated PDK1 expression in HCC cells. Additionally, exogenously overexpressed SP1 or LncRNA HOTAIR prevented ß-Elemene inhibition of the protein-level expression of PDK1, whereas overexpressing PDK1 had no effect on SP1, though it still weakened the inhibition of cell growth and LncRNA HOTAIR expression by ß-Elemene. CONCLUSION: ß-Elemene suppresses HCC cell proliferation via through the regulation of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, PDK1 and their interaction.

3.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5291, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854105

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 46A1 (CYP46A1) is a key enzyme responsible for metabolizing cholesterol to 24-hydroxycholesterol in brain, which might be served as a therapeutic target for several neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Huntington's disease (HD). However, an applicable, sensitive and reliable method for the precise measurement of CYP46A1 activities in complex biological samples remains limited. In this study, a novel ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for highly sensitive and selective determination of 24-hydroxycholesterol was developed to characterize CYP46A1 activity. The mass spectrometric detection was performed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) of for 24-hydroxcholesterol at m/z 385.2→367.2. The limit of quantification for 24-hydroxycholesterol of this UPLC-MS/MS method was as low as 10 nM, which was quite lower than previous methods. The method also showed favorable accuracy and precision. Meanwhile, the short-term and long-term stability of this method was fully validated. In addition, the method was successfully applied to investigate the kinetic properties of 24-hydroxycholesterol formation by CYP46A1.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1187: 339144, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753584

RESUMO

A simple, rapid and robust method to quantify SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) is urgently needed for determining COVID-19 serodiagnosis, vaccine development and evaluation of vaccine efficacy. In this study, we report sandwich/competitive immuno-sensors based on lateral chromatography micro-interface for accurate quantification of SARS-CoV-2 nAbs. Fluorescent microspheres (FMS) labeled receptor binding domain (RBD) antigen was prepared for detection of nAbs with high sensitivity. Sandwich and competitive immunoassay were conducted on the microfluidic-based sensor within 10 min and the fluorescent signal of immunoassay was analyzed by a portable microfluidic immunoassay instrument. The nAbs detection range of sandwich immuno-sensor and competitive immuno-sensor was 4.0 ng/mL to 400 ng/mL and 2.13 ng/mL to 213 ng/mL, respectively. Furthermore, the sandwich immuno-sensor was demonstrated to be comparable with existing methods and used to detect 182 clinical serum samples from vaccinated individuals. Sandwich immuno-sensor based on lateral chromatography micro-interface allowed reliable, fast, and low-cost detection of nAbs, which holds considerable potential for nAbs testing.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , Anticorpos Antivirais , Humanos , Imunoensaio , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Am J Epidemiol ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729579

RESUMO

We aimed to examine whether type 2 diabetes prevention diet, a dietary pattern previously developed for reducing type 2 diabetes risk, was associated with mortality in a US population. A population-based cohort of 86633 subjects was identified from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (study period: 1993 to 2015). Dietary information was collected with a food frequency questionnaire. A dietary diabetes risk reduction score was calculated to reflect adherence to this dietary pattern, with higher scores representing better adherence. Hazard ratios (HRs) and absolute risk differences (ARDs) in mortality rates per 10000 person-years were calculated. After a mean follow-up of 13.6 years, 17532 all-cause deaths were observed. The highest versus the lowest quintiles of dietary diabetes risk reduction score was associated with decreased risks of death from all causes (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.80; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -81.94; 95% CI: -93.76, -71.12), cardiovascular disease (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.81; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -17.82; 95% CI: -24.81, -11.30), and cancer (HRquintile 5 versus 1: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.94; ARDquintile 5 versus 1: -9.92; 95%CI: -15.86, -3.59), which were modified by sex, smoking status, or alcohol consumption in subgroup analyses (all Pinteraction<0.05). In conclusion, type 2 diabetes prevention diet confers reduced risks of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in this US population.

6.
Front Chem ; 9: 747665, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722458

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have great potential for clinical treatment of bacterial infection due to the broad-spectrum and highly effective antibacterial activity. However, the easy degradation and inactivation in vivo has been a major obstacle for their application and an effective delivery system is demanding. The surface physicochemical properties of the carrier, including surface potential, surface polarity, pore structure and morphology, have exerted great effects on the adsorption and release behavior of AMPs. This study investigated the influence of micro/nano carriers with different hierarchical structures on the loading, release and biological behavior of AMPs. Three types of AMPs-loaded hydroxyapatite microspheres (HA/AMPs MSs) with different hierarchical structures (needle-like, rod-like, and flake-like) were developed, which was investigated by the surface morphology, chemical composition and surface potential in detail. The different hierarchical structures of hydroxyapatite microspheres (HA MSs) had noticeable impact on the loading and release behavior of AMPs, and the flake-like HA MSs with hierarchical structure showed the highest loading efficiency and long-lasting release over 9 days. Meanwhile, the stability of AMPs released from HA MSs was effectively maintained. Moreover, the antibacterial test indicated that the flake-like HA/AMPs MSs showed more sustained antibacterial properties among three composites. In view of the excellent biocompatibility and osteogenic property, high loading efficiency and the long-term release properties of HA MSs with hierarchical structure, the HA/AMPs MSs have a great potential in bone tissue engineering.

7.
Neuroimage Clin ; 32: 102873, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749290

RESUMO

Degeneration of the locus coeruleus (LC) is recognized as a critical hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies have reported that noradrenaline produced from the LC has critical effects on brain functional organization. However, it is unknown if LC degeneration in PD contributes to cognitive/motor manifestations through modulating brain functional organization. This study enrolled 94 PD patients and 68 healthy controls, and LC integrity was measured using the contrast-to-noise ratio of the LC (CNRLC) calculated from T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. We used graph-theory-based network analysis to characterize brain functional organization. The relationships among LC degeneration, network disruption, and cognitive/motor manifestations in PD were assessed. Whether network disruption was a mediator between LC degeneration and cognitive/motor impairments was assessed further. In addition, an independent PD subgroup (n = 35) having functional magnetic resonance scanning before and after levodopa administration was enrolled to evaluate whether LC degeneration-related network deficiencies were independent of dopamine deficiency. We demonstrated that PD patients have significant LC degeneration compared to healthy controls. CNRLC was positively correlated with Montreal Cognitive Assessment score and the nodal efficiency (NE) of several cognitive-related regions. Lower NE of the superior temporal gyrus was a mediator between LC degeneration and cognitive impairment in PD. However, levodopa treatment could not normalize the reduced NE of the superior temporal gyrus (mediator). In conclusion, we provided evidence for the relationship between LC degeneration and extensive network disruption in PD, and highlight the role of network disorganization in LC degeneration-related cognitive impairment.

8.
Phytomedicine ; : 153845, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD), one of the most prevalent forms of liver disease, has received wide attention worldwide. However, limited efficient and appropriate therapeutic agents were responded to ALD. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a flavonoid isolated from liquorice, possesses multiple pharmacological activities. PURPOSE: The current study investigated the hepatoprotective effect of ISL against ALD and further elucidate the involvement of miR-23a-3p/peroxisome proliferative activated receptor-γ coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) in vivo and in vitro experiments. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In the study, H&E and Oil Red O staining were employed to detect liver histopathological changes and the accumulation of lipid droplets. Quantitative real-time PCR, bioinformatics, luciferase assay, immunofluorescence staining, reactive oxygen species (ROS), Western blot, and siRNA were used to further explore the mechanism of ISL protection. RESULTS: ISL significantly reduced the liver-to-body weight ratios and biochemical index. The staining results showed that ISL remarkedly ameliorated the histopathological changes in the liver. Furthermore, ISL promoted fatty acid metabolism via induction in the expression of PGC-1α-target genes PPARα, CPT1α, and ACADs, and inhibited the ROS, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 expression. Bioinformatics and Luciferase assay analysis confirmed that miR-23a-3p might bind to PGC-1α mRNA in ALD. Significantly, the expression of miR-23a-3p was increased in the ALD, which was significantly decreased by ISL. In addition, the miR-23a-3p inhibitor also promoted lipid metabolism in ALD via PGC-1α activation. CONCLUSIONS: We first demonstrated that ISL could alleviate ALD, and further verified that ISL exerted protective effects through modulating miR-23a-3p/PGC-1α-mediated lipid metabolism in vivo and in vitro.

9.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 7951-7959, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795511

RESUMO

Objective: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in children. Renal involvement is the main long-term complication of HSP, and presently there is no way to predict which children may have irreversible renal damage from the outset. This study aimed to explore the prediction value of laboratory indexes on renal involvement in children with HSP, which could help the early identification and intervention. Methods: Children with HSP hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine from June 2019 to December 2020 were included. The demographic findings, clinical features, laboratory findings including blood routine examination, serum immunoglobulin, complement, T cell subsets levels, liver and kidney function, coagulation function were recorded. Laboratory indexes were analyzed, logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors in HSP patients with renal involvement, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were further used to assess the value of prediction indexes, as well as the efficacy of combined diagnosis. Results: The study included 146 HSP patients, among them, 50 patients (34.2%) had renal involvement. Age, platelet distribution width (PDW), CD3+ and fibrinogen (FIB) were positively correlated with renal involvement, while the levels of Immunoglobulin G (IgG), C-reactive protein (CRP), and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were negatively correlated with renal involvement. The area under the ROC Curve (AUC) of these biomarkers ranged from 0.6284 to 0.7009, and among the combinations, a combination of NLR, CRP, CD3+, FIB, PDW, IgG and age had the best AUC value (0.9774). Conclusion: Age, PDW, CD3+, FIB, CRP, NLR and IgG were prediction indexes for renal involvement in HSP patients, and these indexes can be combined appropriately to improve the diagnostic efficacy.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770383

RESUMO

To improve the recognition rate of chip appearance defects, an algorithm based on a convolution neural network is proposed to identify chip appearance defects of various shapes and features. Furthermore, to address the problems of long training time and low accuracy caused by redundant input samples, an automatic data sample cleaning algorithm based on prior knowledge is proposed to reduce training and classification time, as well as improve the recognition rate. First, defect positions are determined by performing image processing and region-of-interest extraction. Subsequently, interference samples between chip defects are analyzed for data cleaning. Finally, a chip appearance defect classification model based on a convolutional neural network is constructed. The experimental results show that the recognition miss detection rate of this algorithm is zero, and the accuracy rate exceeds 99.5%, thereby fulfilling industry requirements.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Projetos de Pesquisa
11.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of the rituximab, fotemustine, pemetrexed, and dexamethasone (R-FPD) regimen followed by whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) for patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). METHODS: A prospective, single-center phase II clinical trial was conducted. Patients with PCNSL newly diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between July 2018 and July 2020 were studied. The R-FPD regimen consisted of rituximab (375 mg/m2 i.v. on D0), fotemustine (100 mg/m2 i.v. on D1), pemetrexed (600 mg/m2 i.v. on D1), and dexamethasone (40 mg i.v. on D1-5). Patients 60 years or younger who showed a complete response (CR) were treated with 23.4 Gy of WBRT after the end of chemotherapy; those older than 60 years with CR were treated with a wait-and-see approach; and those who did not show CR after the 4th cycle of chemotherapy were given salvage WBRT 30 Gy + local tumor field irradiation up to 45 Gy, regardless of age. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were included. After 2 cycles, the objective response rate (ORR) was 96.5% (28/29, 1 CR, 27 PR, 0 SD, and 1 PD). After 4 cycles, the ORR was 73.1% (19/26, 11 CR, 8 PR, 4 SD, and 3 PD). After WBRT, the ORR was 90.9% (10/11, 7 CR, 3 PR, and 1 SD). The grade III and IV toxicity responses were mainly leukopenia (20.0%), thrombocytopenia (23.3%), and anemia (10.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Fotemustine-based therapy in combination with rituximab chemotherapy followed by WBRT can improve outcomes, providing ORR benefits and favorable tolerability in patients newly diagnosed with PCNSL.

12.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 649-664, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703650

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) continues to be the most common gastrointestinal malignancy in China, and tumor metastases are a major reason for poor prognosis. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are an intriguing type of noncoding RNAs with important regulatory roles. However, the roles of circRNAs in GC metastasis have not been fully elucidated. Here, we reported that circ-transportin 3 (TNPO3) was significantly downregulated in 103 pairs of GC tissues compared with matched noncancerous tissues. The level of circ-TNPO3 expression correlated with differentiation of GC, and plasma circ-TNPO3 could serve as a potential diagnostic biomarker. Functionally, circ-TNPO3 inhibited proliferation and migration of GC in vitro and in vivo. We further verified that circ-TNPO3 competitively interacted with insulin-like growth factor 2 binding protein 3 (IGF2BP3) protein; thus, the role of IGF2BP3 in stabilizing MYC mRNA was weakened, which inhibited the expression of MYC and its target SNAIL. Taken together, circ-TNPO3 acts as a protein decoy for IGF2BP3 to regulate the MYC-SNAIL axis, thereby suppressing the proliferation and metastasis of GC. Therefore, circ-TNPO3 has the potential to serve as a therapeutic target for GC.

13.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(41): 8999-9003, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605502

RESUMO

This paper reports a convenient copper-catalyzed three-component conversion of arylhydrazine hydrochlorides to arenesulfonyl fluorides in good yields under mild conditions, using 1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2]octane bis(sulfur dioxide) (DABSO) as a sulfonyl source and N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide (NFSI) as a fluorine source based on a radical sulfur dioxide insertion and fluorination strategy. Notably, arylhydrazine hydrochloride is used as a safe precursor of aryl radicals.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 743406, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660648

RESUMO

Background: Recently, several studies have reported that the host immune response can be related to the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway. However, the associations of TNFSF11, TNFRSF11A, and TNFRSF11B gene polymorphisms in the RANKL/RANK/OPG pathway with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection outcomes remain unclear. Methods: In this case-control study, 768 persistent HCV infection and 503 spontaneous HCV clearance cases, and 1,259 control subjects were included. The Taman-MGB probe method was utilized to detect TNFSF11 rs9525641, TNFRSF11A rs8686340, and TNFRSF11B rs2073618 genotypes. The distribution of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotypes was analyzed using stata14.0. Results: SNPs rs9525641, rs8086340, and rs2073618 genotype frequencies followed the Hardy-Weinberg natural population equilibrium (p = 0.637, 0.250, and 0.113, respectively). Also, rs9525641 was significantly associated with HCV chronicity risk in recessive (OR = 1.203, 95% CI: 1.018-1.420, p = 0.030) and additive models (OR = 1.545, 95% CI: 1.150-2.075, p = 0.004). The stratified analysis showed that rs9525641 variant genotypes were associated with HCV chronicity among people older than 50 years (OR =1.562, 95% CI: 1.079-2.262, p = 0.018), females (OR = 1.667, 95% CI: 1.145-2.429, p = 0.008), ALT <40 U/L (OR = 1.532, 95% CI: 1.074-2.286, p = 0.018), and AST < 40 U/L (OR = 1.552, 95% CI: 1.095-2.201, p = 0.014). Conclusion: TNFRSF11 rs9525641 was significantly associated with HCV chronicity in the Chinese population.

15.
Pharmacotherapy ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655497

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of intravenous voriconazole (VRC) in critically ill patients with liver dysfunction and to explore the optimal dosing strategies in specific clinical scenarios for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) caused by common Aspergillus and Candida species. DESIGN: Prospective pharmacokinetics study. SETTING: The intensive care unit in a tertiary-care medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 297 plasma VRC concentrations from 26 critically ill patients with liver dysfunction were included in the PPK analysis. METHODS: Model-based simulations with therapeutic range of 2-6 mg/L as the plasma trough concentration (Cmin ) target and the free area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (ƒAUC24 ) divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (ie, ƒAUC24 /MIC) ≥25 as the effective target were performed to optimize VRC dosing regimens for Child-Pugh class A and B (CP-A/B) and Child-Pugh class C (CP-C) patients. RESULTS: A two-compartment model with first-order elimination adequately described the data. Significant covariates in the final model were body weight on both central and peripheral distribution volume and Child-Pugh class on clearance. Intravenous VRC loading dose of 5 mg/kg every 12 h (q12h) for the first day was adequate for CP-A/B and CP-C patients to attain the Cmin target at 24 h. The maintenance dose regimens of 100 mg q12h or 200 mg q24h for CP-A/B patients and 50 mg q12h or 100 mg q24h for CP-C patients could obtain the probability of effective target attainment of >90% at an MIC ≤0.5 mg/L and achieve the cumulative fraction of response of >90% against C. albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. glabrata, C. krusei, A. fumigatus, and A. flavus. Additionally, the daily VRC doses could be increased by 50 mg for CP-A/B and CP-C patients at an MIC of 1 mg/L, with plasma Cmin monitored closely to avoid serious adverse events. It is recommended that an appropriate alternative antifungal agent or a combination therapy could be adopted when an MIC ≥2 mg/L is reported, or when the infection is caused by C. tropicalis but the MIC value is not available. CONCLUSIONS: For critically ill patients with liver dysfunction, the loading dose of intravenous VRC should be reduced to 5 mg/kg q12h. Additionally, based on the types of fungal pathogens and their susceptibility to VRC, the adjusted maintenance dose regimens with lower doses or longer dosing intervals should be considered for CP-A/B and CP-C patients.

16.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 727937, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650531

RESUMO

The proximal and distal subsites of colorectal cancer (CRC) have distinct differences in their embryonic origin, epidemiology, and prognosis. Therefore, they are not considered as the same disease. However, the possible difference in microbial characterization of the two subsites of CRC is still unclear. In this study, we explored tumor microbiota diversity and composition difference in patients with proximal (N = 187) and distal CRCs (N = 142). This was carried out on cancer tissues and adjacent tissues using bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the correlation between differential flora and overall survival rate of the patients. It was found that there were significant differences in tumor microbial characteristics between the proximal and distal CRC tissues. The microbiota communities were distinctly richer in the proximal colon tumor tissues than in the distal CRC tissues. Microbial diversity and structure were relatively constant in the paracancerous normal tissues of the proximal and distal colorectum. Generally, microbial communities of CRC tumor tissues were composed of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes. Alpha diversity in the proximal and distal CRC tumor tissues was closely related to specific microflora. The abundance of Fusobacteria was associated with age of patient, tumor diameter, and tumor microsatellite instability (MSI) status of the patients. Moreover, Fusobacteria enrichment was associated with poor prognosis especially in patients with proximal colon cancers, but not in patients with distal CRC. In conclusion, proximal and distal subsites of the CRC present distinct microbiota diversity and community structures. The differences indicate that there are different risk factors across anatomical subsites of CRC, which may provide a new strategy for precise prevention and treatment of CRC in the future.

17.
Curr Drug Metab ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Imatinib, sunitinib, and gefitinib are the three most common tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, their quantitative drug-drug interaction potentials In vivo and the relationship between their structure and inhibitory activity remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the potential drug-drug interaction risk of three TKIs based on CYP3A. METHODS: 6ß-Hydroxylated testosterone formation was selected to probe the CYP3A activity in human liver microsomes. Molecular docking simulation was performed to explore the potential structural alerts. RESULTS: Imatinib exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect towards CYP3A, while the inhibitory potential of gefitinib and sunitinib were comparable to each other but weaker than imatinib. IC50 shift assays demonstrated that the inhibitory potential of all three TKIs was significantly increased after a 30-min preincubation with NADPH. The KI and Kinact values of imatinib, sunitinib, and gefitinib were 3.75 µM and 0.055 min-1, 1.96 µM and 0.037 min-1, and 9.94 µM and 0.031 min-1, respectively. IVIVE results showed that there was a 1.3- to 43.1-fold increase in the AUC of CYP3A-metabolizing drugs in the presence of the TKIs. CONCLUSION: All three TKIs exhibited a typical irreversible inhibitory effect towards CYP3A. The presence of more N-heterocycles and the resulting better binding confirmation of imatinib may have been responsible for its stronger inhibitory effect than sunitinib and gefitinib. Therefore, caution should be taken when CYP3A-metabolizing drugs are co-administrated with imatinib, sunitinib, or gefitinib.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(38): 15587-15592, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533932

RESUMO

As a fundamental chemical property, aromaticity guides the synthesis of novel structures and materials. Replacing the carbon moieties of aromatic hydrocarbons with transition metal fragments is a promising strategy to synthesize intriguing organometallic counterparts with a similar aromaticity to their organic parents. However, since antiaromaticity will endow compound instability, it is a great challenge to obtain an antiaromatic organometallic counterpart based on such transition metal replacement in aromatic hydrocarbons. Here, we report an efficient aromaticity transformation on aromatic naphthalene through the bridgehead replacement of an osmium fragment, leading to the unprecedented synthesis of metal-bridgehead naphthalene featuring a highly twisted structure as confirmed by X-ray crystallography characterization. Such a twisted conformation works together with its phosphonium substituents to release the antiaromaticity in the planar conformation of the metal-bridgehead naphthalene. Our findings prove the bridgehead involvement of transition metals in unexpected aromaticity modifications and open an avenue for novel metal-bridgehead complexes.

19.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 723948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566625

RESUMO

The cholinergic system is critical in Parkinson's disease (PD) pathology, which accounts for various clinical symptoms in PD patients. The substantia innominata (SI) provides the main source of cortical cholinergic innervation. Previous studies revealed cholinergic-related dysfunction in PD pathology at early stage. Since PD is a progressive disorder, alterations of cholinergic system function along with the PD progression have yet to be elucidated. Seventy-nine PD patients, including thirty-five early-stage PD patients (PD-E) and forty-four middle-to-late stage PD patients (PD-M), and sixty-four healthy controls (HC) underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging and clinical assessments. We employed seed-based resting-state functional connectivity analysis to explore the cholinergic-related functional alterations. Correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationship between altered functional connectivity and the severity of motor symptoms in PD patients. Results showed that both PD-E and PD-M groups exhibited decreased functional connectivity between left SI and left frontal inferior opercularis areas and increased functional connectivity between left SI and left cingulum middle area as well as right primary motor and sensory areas when comparing with HC. At advanced stages of PD, functional connectivity in the right primary motor and sensory areas was further increased. These altered functional connectivity were also significantly correlated with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale motor scores. In conclusion, this study illustrated that altered cholinergic function plays an important role in the motor disruptions in PD patients both in early stage as well as during the progression of the disease.

20.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 211: 106325, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is gradually replacing computed tomography (CT) in the examination of bones and joints. The accurate and automatic segmentation of the bone structure in the MRI of the shoulder joint is essential for the measurement and diagnosis of bone injuries and diseases. The existing bone segmentation algorithms cannot achieve automatic segmentation without any prior knowledge, and their versatility and accuracy are relatively low. For this reason, an automatic segmentation algorithm based on the combination of image blocks and convolutional neural networks is proposed. METHODS: First, we establish 4 segmentation models, including 3 U-Net-based bone segmentation models (humeral segmentation model, joint bone segmentation model, humeral head and articular bone segmentation model as a whole) and a block-based Alex Net segmentation model; Then we use 4 segmentation models to obtain the candidate bone area, and accurately detect the location area of the humerus and joint bone by voting. Finally, the Alex Net segmentation model is further used in the detected bone area to segment the bone edge with the accuracy of the pixel level. RESULTS: The experimental data is obtained from 8 groups of patients in the orthopedics department of our hospital. Each group of scan sequence includes about 100 images, which have been segmented and labeled. Five groups of patients were used for training and five-fold cross-validation, and three groups of patients were used to test the actual segmentation effect. The average accuracy of Dice Coefficient, Positive Predicted Value (PPV) and Sensitivity reached 0.91 ±â€¯0.02, respectively. 0.95 ±â€¯0.03 and 0.95 ±â€¯0.02. CONCLUSIONS: The method in this paper is for a small sample of patient data sets, and only through deep learning on 2D medical images, very accurate shoulder joint segmentation results can be obtained, provide clinical diagnostic guidance to orthopedics. At the same time, the proposed algorithm framework has a certain versatility and is suitable for the precise segmentation of specific organs and tissues in MRI based on a small sample data.


Assuntos
Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Redes Neurais de Computação , Articulação do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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