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2.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849313

RESUMO

AIMS: Understanding the inhibitory effects of natural organic substances on soil-borne pathogenic fungi and the relevant molecular mechanisms are highly important for future development of green prevention and control technology against soil-borne diseases. Our study elucidates the inhibitory effect of the combined application of humic acids (HAs) and chitosan on A. solani and the light on the corresponding mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect on Alternaria solani growth by humic acids incorporated with chitosan was investigated by plate culture and the corresponding mechanism was revealed using transcriptomics. The colony growth of A. solani was suppressed with the highest inhibition rate 33.33% when swine manure HAs was compounded with chitosan at a ratio of 1:4. Chitosan changed the colony morphology from round to irregularly. RNA-seq in the HAs and chitosan (HC) treatment revealed 239 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) compared to the control. The unigenes associated with enzymes activities related to growth and biological processes closely related to mycelial growth and metabolism were downregulated. RNA-seq also revealed that chitosan altered the expression of genes related to secondary metabolism, fungal cell wall formation and polysaccharide synthesis and metabolism. Meanwhile, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) showed that, genes expression in the module positively correlated with mycelial growth was significantly reduced in the HC treatment; and the results were verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). CONCLUSIONS: The co-inhibition effect of HAs and chitosan on A. solani is associated with downregulated genes expression correlated with mycelial growth.

3.
J Dig Dis ; 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of vascular complications in acute pancreatitis (AP), to compare patient outcomes using various treatments, and to explore the related risk factors. METHODS: Consecutive AP patients admitted from January 2010 to July 2017 were retrospectively included. Demographics, vascular complications, laboratory indices, and imaging findings were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore potential risk factors of vascular complications. RESULTS: Of 3048 AP patients, 808 (26.5%) had vascular complications, including visceral vein thrombosis, sinistral portal hypertension, and arterial complications. And 38 (4.7%) patients received anticoagulant therapy and had a higher rate of recanalization (P < 0.001). Bleeding occurred in 95 (11.8%) patients, who received further treatment. Multivariate analysis identified male gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.650, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.101-2.472), hyperlipidemia (OR 1.714, 95% CI 1.356-2.165), disease recurrence (OR 3.727, 95% CI 2.713-5.118), smoking (OR 1.519, 95% CI 1.011-2.283), hemoglobin level (OR 0.987, 95% CI 0.981-0.993), white blood cell (WBC) count (OR 1.094, 95% CI 1.068-1.122), non-vascular local complications (OR 3.018, 95% CI 1.992-4.573), computed tomography severity index (CTSI) (OR 1.425, 95% CI 1.273-1.596), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score (OR 1.057, 95% CI 1.025-1.090) were related to vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular complications in AP is prevalent and their treatment is challenging. Further investigations are warranted to determine the optimal treatment strategy. Independent risk factors included male gender, hyperlipidemia, disease recurrence, smoking, WBC count, non-vascular local complications, CTSI, and APACHE II score.

4.
Reprod Med Biol ; 23(1): e12588, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854774

RESUMO

Background: Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease affecting women of reproductive age. Patients with endometriosis frequently experience severe chronic pain and have higher chances to experience infertility. Progesterone resistance is a major problem that develops during the medical treatment of endometriosis, which often leads to treatment failure of hormonal therapies. Previous studies indicated that the dysregulation of progesterone receptors (PR) is the primary factor leading to progesterone resistance in endometriosis. Methods: This review article systematically reviewed and summarized findings extracted from previously published papers available on PubMed, encompassing both experimental studies and clinical trials. Main findings: Various determinants influencing PR expression in endometriosis have been identified, including the environmental toxins, microRNAs, cell signaling pathways, genetic mutations, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines. The selective estrogen/progesterone receptor modulators have emerged as novel therapeutic approaches for treating endometriosis, offering potential improvements in overcoming progesterone resistance. Conclusion: Concerns and limitations persist despite the newly developed drugs. Therefore, studies on unraveling new therapeutic targets based on the molecular mechanisms of progesterone resistance is warranted for the development potential alternatives to overcome hormonal treatment failure in endometriosis.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fluorescence imaging-guided surgery has been used in oncology. However, for tiny tumors, the current imaging probes are still difficult to achieve high-contrast imaging, leading to incomplete resection. In this study, we achieved precise surgical resection of tiny metastatic cancers by constructing an engineering erythrocyte membrane-camouflaged bioprobe (AR-M@HMSN@P). METHODS: AR-M@HMSN@P combined the properties of aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) named PF3-PPh3 (P), with functional erythrocyte membrane modified by a modular peptide (AR). Interestingly, AR was composed of an asymmetric tripodal pentapeptide scaffold (GGKGG) with three appended modulars: KPSSPPEE (A6) peptide, RRRR (R4) peptide and cholesterol. To verify the specificity of the probe in vitro, SKOV3 cells with overexpression of CD44 were used as the positive group, and HLF cells with low expression of CD44 were devoted as the control group. The AR-M@HMSN@P fluorescence imaging was utilized to provide surgical guidance for the removal of micro-metastatic lesions. RESULTS: In vivo, the clearance of AR-M@HMSN@P by the immune system was reduced due to the natural properties inherited from erythrocytes. Meanwhile, the A6 peptide on AR-M@HMSN@P was able to specifically target CD44 on ovarian cancer cells, and the electrostatic attraction between the R4 peptide and the cell membrane enhanced the firmness of this targeting. Benefiting from these multiple effects, AR-M@HMSN@P achieved ultra-precise tumor imaging with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 15.2, making it possible to surgical resection of tumors < 1 mm by imaging guidance. CONCLUSION: We have successfully designed an engineered fluorescent imaging bioprobe (AR-M@HMSN@P), which can target CD44-overexpressing ovarian cancers for precise imaging and guide the resection of minor tumors. Notably, this work holds significant promise for developing biomimetic probes for clinical imaging-guided precision cancer surgery by exploiting their externally specified functional modifications.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The chromatin-remodeling enzymes BRG1 (brahma-related gene 1) and CHD4 (chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 4) independently regulate the transcription of genes critical for vascular development, but their coordinated impact on vessels in late-stage embryos has not been explored. METHODS: In this study, we genetically deleted endothelial Brg1 and Chd4 in mixed background mice (Brg1fl/fl;Chd4fl/fl;VE-Cadherin-Cre+), and littermates that were negative for Cre recombinase were used as controls. Tissues were analyzed by immunostaining, immunoblot, and flow cytometry. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to determine gene expression, and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed gene targets of BRG1 and CHD4 in cultured endothelial cells. RESULTS: We found Brg1/Chd4 double mutants grew normally but died soon after birth with small and compact lungs. Despite having normal cellular composition, distal air sacs of the mutant lungs displayed diminished ECM (extracellular matrix) components and TGFß (transforming growth factor-ß) signaling, which typically promotes ECM synthesis. Transcripts for collagen- and elastin-related genes and the TGFß ligand Tgfb1 were decreased in mutant lung endothelial cells, but genetic deletion of endothelial Tgfb1 failed to recapitulate the small lungs and ECM defects seen in Brg1/Chd4 mutants. We instead found several ECM genes to be direct targets of BRG1 and CHD4 in cultured endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our data highlight essential roles for endothelial chromatin-remodeling enzymes in promoting ECM deposition in the distal lung tissue during the saccular stage of embryonic lung development.

7.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 119(3): 1024-1025, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851258
8.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(2): 159-174, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Melanoma is highly malignant and heterogeneous. It is essential to develop a specific prognostic model for improving the patients' survival and treatment strategies. Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis results from the overproduction of lipid peroxidation and is an iron-dependent form of programmed cell death. Despite this, ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) and their clinical significances remain unknown in malignant melanoma. This study aims to assess the role of FRGs in melanoma, with the goal of developing a novel prognostic model that provides new insights into personalized treatment and improvement of therapeutic outcomes for melanoma. METHODS: We systematically characterized the genetic alterations and mRNA expression of 73 FRGs in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) dataset in this study. The results were validated with real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting. Subsequently, a multi-gene feature model was constructed using the TCGA-SKCM cohort. Melanoma patients were classified into a high-risk group and a low-risk group based on the feature model. As a final step, correlations between ferroptosis-related signatures and immune features, immunotherapy efficacy, or drug response were analyzed. RESULTS: By analyzing melanoma samples from TCGA-SKCM dataset, FRGs exhibited a high frequency of genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), significantly impacting gene expression. Additionally, compared with normal skin tissue, 30 genes with significantly differential expression were identified in melanoma tissues. A prognostic model related to FRGs, constructed using the LASSO Cox regression method, identified 13 FRGs associated with overall survival prognosis in patients and was validated with external datasets. Finally, functional enrichment and immune response analysis further indicated significant differences in immune cell infiltration, mutation burden, and hypoxia status between the high-risk group and the low-risk group, and the model was effective in predicting responses to immunotherapy and drug sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: This study develops a strong ferroptosis-related prognostic signature model which could put forward new insights into target therapy and immunotherapy for patients with melanoma.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Melanoma/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Mutação , Melanoma Maligno Cutâneo , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Multiômica
9.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2302019, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771986

RESUMO

PURPOSE: T cells modified with chimeric antigen receptors (CARTs) have demonstrated efficacy for hematologic malignancies; however, benefit for patients with CNS tumors has been limited. To enhance T cell activity against GD2+ CNS malignancies, we modified GD2-directed CART cells (GD2.CARTs) with a constitutively active interleukin (IL)-7 receptor (C7R-GD2.CARTs). METHODS: Patients age 1-21 years with H3K27-altered diffuse midline glioma (DMG) or other recurrent GD2-expressing CNS tumors were eligible for this phase I trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04099797). All subjects received standard-of-care adjuvant radiation therapy or chemotherapy before study enrollment. The first treatment cohort received GD2.CARTs alone (1 × 107 cells/m2), and subsequent cohorts received C7R-GD2.CARTs at two dose levels (1 × 107 cells/m2; 3 × 107 cells/m2). Standard lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine was included at all dose levels. RESULTS: Eleven patients (age 4-18 years) received therapy without dose-limiting toxicity. The GD2.CART cohort did not experience toxicity, but had disease progression after brief improvement of residual neurologic deficits (≤3 weeks). The C7R-GD2.CART cohort developed grade 1 tumor inflammation-associated neurotoxicity in seven of eight (88%) cases, controllable with anakinra. Cytokine release syndrome was observed in six of eight (75%, grade 1 in all but one patient) and associated with increased circulating IL-6 and IP-10 (P < .05). Patients receiving C7R-GD2.CARTs experienced temporary improvement from baseline neurologic deficits (range, 2 to >12 months), and seven of eight (88%) remained eligible for additional treatment cycles (range 2-4 cycles). Partial responses by iRANO criteria were observed in two of seven (29%) patients with DMG treated by C7R-GD2.CARTs. CONCLUSION: Intravenous GD2.CARTs with and without C7R were well tolerated. Patients treated with C7R-GD2.CARTs exhibited transient improvement of neurologic deficits and increased circulating cytokines/chemokines. Treatment with C7R-GD2.CARTs represents a novel approach warranting further investigation for children with these incurable CNS cancers.

10.
Shock ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early prediction of sepsis onset is crucial for reducing mortality and the overall cost burden of sepsis treatment. Currently, few effective and accurate prediction tools are available for sepsis. Hence, in this study, we developed an effective sepsis clinical decision support system (S-CDSS) to assist emergency physicians to predict sepsis. METHODS: This study included patients who had visited the emergency department (ED) of Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Taiwan, between January 1, 2020, and June 31, 2022. The patients were divided into a derivation cohort (n = 70,758) and a validation cohort (n = 27,545). The derivation cohort was subjected to sixfold stratified cross-validation, reserving 20% of the data (n = 11,793) for model testing. The primary study outcome was a sepsis prediction (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification) before discharge from the ED. The S-CDSS incorporated the LightGBM algorithm to ensure timely and accurate prediction of sepsis. The validation cohort was subjected to multivariate logistic regression to identify the associations of S-CDSS-based high- and medium-risk alerts with clinical outcomes in the overall patient cohort. For each clinical outcome in high- and medium-risk patients, we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, positive and negative likelihood ratios, and accuracy of S-CDSS-based predictions. RESULTS: The S-CDSS was integrated into our hospital information system. The system featured three risk warning labels (red, yellow, and white, indicating high, medium, and low risks, respectively) to alert emergency physicians. The sensitivity and specificity of the S-CDSS in the derivation cohort were 86.9% and 92.5%, respectively. In the validation cohort, high- and medium-risk alerts were significantly associated with all clinical outcomes, exhibiting high prediction specificity for intubation, general ward admission, intensive care unit admission, ED mortality, and in-hospital mortality (93.29%, 97.32%, 94.03%, 93.04%, and 93.97%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the S-CDSS can effectively identify patients with suspected sepsis in the ED. Furthermore, S-CDSS-based predictions appear to be strongly associated with clinical outcomes in patients with sepsis.

11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11262, 2024 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760419

RESUMO

With its increasing use in the treatment of thrombocytopenia, avatrombopag's associated adverse events (AEs) pose a major challenge to its clinical application. This study aims to comprehensively study AEs associated with avatrombopag by using real-world evidence. We curated AE reports for avatrombopag from the first quarter of 2018 to the fourth quarter of 2023 in the US Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. AEs were coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities of Preferred Terms and System Organ Classes. The reporting odds ratio, proportional reporting ratio, Bayesian confidence propagation neural network, and multi-item Gamma-Poisson Shrinker were used to investigate the relationship between avatrombopag and AE reports. Among 9,060,312 reported cases in the FAERS database, 1211 reports listed avatrombopag as "primary suspected" drug. Disproportionality analysis identified 44 preferred terms across 17 organ systems met the criteria for at least one of the four algorithms. The most commonly reported AEs were platelet count decreased (20.2%), headache (16.7%), platelet count increased (11.9%), platelet count abnormal (6.3%), contusion (2.7%), pulmonary embolism (2.3%), and deep vein thrombosis (2.1%). Unexpected AEs such as seasonal allergy, rhinorrhea, antiphospholipid syndrome, ear discomfort, and photopsia were also observed. Excluding the other serious outcomes, hospitalization (34.6%) was the most frequently reported serious outcome, followed by death (15.4%). Most reported AEs occurred within the first 2 days of initiating avatrombopag therapy, and the median onset time was 60 days. We identified new and unexpected AEs with clinical use of avatrombopag, and our results may provide valuable information for clinical monitoring and identifying risks associated with avatrombopag.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Mineração de Dados , Farmacovigilância , United States Food and Drug Administration , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Criança , Tiofenos
12.
J Psychoeduc Assess ; 42(3): 293-307, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764727

RESUMO

Research that uses self-report measures to examine the complexity of self-regulated learning (SRL) and academic challenges for adolescents is limited. This study examined the psychometric property of the Self-Regulated Learning Profile and Self-Diagnostic (SRL-PSD) instrument and addressed the multi-components of SRL and academic challenges for adolescents. Participants were 358 adolescents from a Canadian middle school. The subscales of SRL-PSD were administered to students through LimeSurvey during a 25-min instructional session over two days. Results demonstrated the SRL-PSD was a reliable and valid self-report instrument to measure adolescents' SRL practices and academic challenges. Also, all types of SRL practices and academic challenges were significantly intercorrelated. Additionally, all types of SRL practices were positively associated with school engagement, whereas all types of academic challenges were negatively associated with school engagement. Overall, this study provides a validated self-report measure for educators and researchers to examine adolescents' SRL practices and academic challenges.

13.
Front Surg ; 11: 1382759, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721023

RESUMO

Background: We aimed to compare the anesthesia induction effects of oxycodone and sufentanil on postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy, as well as changes in serum levels of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10) in the perioperative period. Methods: Sixty patients who underwent laparoscopic gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy were evenly divided into oxycodone (O) and sufentanil (S) groups. In groups O and S, oxycodone (0.3 mg/kg) and sufentanil (0.3 ug/kg) were administered, respectively, followed by propofol (2 mg/kg) and rocuronium (0.6 mg/kg). In both groups, the intraoperative electroencephalography double-frequency index was used to guide the use of sedative and analgesic drugs, assessing the follow-up analgesic effect (VAS), degree of sedation (Ramsey), and postoperative complications at seven different time points (0, 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h postoperatively). Results: Compared with the S group, patients in the O group exhibited lower VAS scores within 24 h postoperatively (P < 0.001), but there was no statistical difference between wound and shoulder pain scores (P > 0.05). Regarding postoperative awakening and extubation duration, O group patients experienced shorter times and better remedial analgesia (P < 0.05). In terms of the degree of sedation, the Ramsay score decreased at 0 h postoperatively compared with the S group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Compared with sufentanil, oxycodone anesthesia induced better postoperative analgesia and less inflammatory responses in patients undergoing laparoscopic gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy. Clinical Trial Registration: This study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University Shougang Hospital, with ethical approval (No. IRBK-2020-009), and has completed registration in the Chinese Clinical Trials Register (http://www.chictr.org.cn/) (ChiCTR2000031230).

14.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 13266-13276, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709874

RESUMO

One key challenge in postoperative glioblastoma immunotherapy is to guarantee a potent and durable T-cell response, which is restricted by the immunosuppressive microenvironment within the lymph nodes (LNs). Here, we develop an in situ sprayed exosome-cross-linked gel that acts as an artificial LN structure to directly activate the tumor-infiltrating T cells for prevention of glioma recurrence. Briefly, this gel is generated by a bio-orthogonal reaction between azide-modified chimeric exosomes and alkyne-modified alginate polymers. Particularly, these chimeric exosomes are generated from dendritic cell (DC)-tumor hybrid cells, allowing for direct and robust T-cell activation. The gel structure with chimeric exosomes as cross-linking points avoids the quick clearance by the immune system and thus prolongs the durability of antitumor T-cell immunity. Importantly, this exosome-containing immunotherapeutic gel provides chances for ameliorating functions of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) through accommodating different intracellular-acting adjuvants, such as stimulator of interferon genes (STING) agonists. This further enhances the antitumor T-cell response, resulting in the almost complete elimination of residual lesions after surgery. Our findings provide a promising strategy for postsurgical glioma immunotherapy that warrants further exploration in the clinical arena.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Glioblastoma , Imunoterapia , Linfonodos , Exossomos/química , Glioblastoma/terapia , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/imunologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Animais , Camundongos , Géis/química , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
15.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 81, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816685

RESUMO

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Studies have indicated that immune dysfunction plays a central role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in the emergence of immune dysfunction in sepsis. The major manifestations of DCs in the septic state are abnormal functions and depletion in numbers, which are linked to higher mortality and vulnerability to secondary infections in sepsis. Apoptosis is the most widely studied pathway of number reduction in DCs. In the past few years, there has been a surge in studies focusing on regulated cell death (RCD). This emerging field encompasses various forms of cell death, such as necroptosis, pyroptosis, ferroptosis, and autophagy-dependent cell death (ADCD). Regulation of DC's RCD can serve as a possible therapeutic focus for the treatment of sepsis. Throughout time, numerous tactics have been devised and effectively implemented to improve abnormal immune response during sepsis progression, including modifying the functions of DCs and inhibiting DC cell death. In this review, we provide an overview of the functional impairment and RCD of DCs in septic states. Also, we highlight recent advances in targeting DCs to regulate host immune response following septic challenge.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas , Sepse , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Sepse/imunologia , Sepse/patologia , Humanos , Animais , Morte Celular Regulada , Autofagia , Apoptose , Piroptose
16.
Thromb Res ; 238: 132-140, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review assesses the likelihood of developing dementia and cognitive impairment in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) receiving non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) as opposed to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). METHODS: We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA), which encompassed both randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. The objective was to assess the impact of NOACs and VKAs on the incidence of dementia in individuals diagnosed with AF. RESULTS: Out of 1914 studies that were screened, 31 studies were included in the final analysis, which consisted of nine RCTs or their subsequent post-hoc analyses, in addition to 22 observational studies. The meta-analysis shows that NOACs were associated with a decreased probability of developing dementia of any cause [Rate Ratio (RR): 0.88; 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI): 0.82-0.94], especially in patients below the age of 75 (RR: 0.78; 95 % CI: 0.73-0.84). Consistent patterns were observed across all forms of dementia and cognitive function decline. The overall evidence indicates notable variability in the outcome with a moderate-to-low degree of certainty. The TSA suggests that the total sample size of the included trials (155,647 patients) was significantly smaller than the required information size of 784,692 patients to discern the true effect of NOAC versus VKA in terms of reducing dementia risk. CONCLUSION: NOACs may reduce the likelihood of developing dementia in patients with AF, particularly in those under the age of 75. This review highlights the urgent necessity for thorough research to determine the efficacy of NOACs in safeguarding cognitive health.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Demência , Disfunção Cognitiva , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos Cognitivos , Idoso
17.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; : e010649, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between the temporal transitions in heart rhythms during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This was an analysis of the prospectively collected databases in 3 academic hospitals in northern and central Taiwan. Adult patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest transported by emergency medical service between 2015 and 2022 were included. Favorable neurological recovery and survival to hospital discharge were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. Time-specific heart rhythm shockability was defined as the probability of shockable rhythms at a particular time point during CPR. The temporal changes in the time-specific heart rhythm shockability were calculated by group-based trajectory modeling. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association between the trajectory group and outcomes. Subgroup analyses examined the effects of extracorporeal CPR in different trajectories. RESULTS: The study comprised 2118 patients. The median patient age was 69.1 years, and 1376 (65.0%) patients were male. Three distinct trajectories were identified: high-shockability (52 patients; 2.5%), intermediate-shockability (262 patients; 12.4%), and low-shockability (1804 patients; 85.2%) trajectories. The median proportion of shockable rhythms over the course of CPR for the 3 trajectories was 81.7% (interquartile range, 73.2%-100.0%), 26.7% (interquartile range, 16.7%-37.5%), and 0% (interquartile range, 0%-0%), respectively. The multivariable analysis indicated both intermediate- and high-shockability trajectories were associated with favorable neurological recovery (intermediate-shockability: adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.98 [95% CI, 2.34-10.59]; high-shockability: aOR, 5.40 [95% CI, 2.03-14.32]) and survival (intermediate-shockability: aOR, 2.46 [95% CI, 1.44-4.18]; high-shockability: aOR, 2.76 [95% CI, 1.20-6.38]). The subgroup analysis further indicated extracorporeal CPR was significantly associated with favorable neurological outcomes (aOR, 4.06 [95% CI, 1.11-14.81]) only in the intermediate-shockability trajectory. CONCLUSIONS: Heart rhythm shockability trajectories were associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes, which may be a supplementary factor in guiding the allocation of medical resources, such as extracorporeal CPR.

18.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 299: 12-17, 2024 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thin endometrium (TE) compromises endometrial receptivity, often leading to implantation failure and lower clinical pregnancy rates. As autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) emerges as a potential remedy, the present study focused on its therapeutic effects on TE in infertile women who underwent frozen embryo transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with TE who underwent frozen embryo transfer treatment in our hospital were included. To diminish individual variability, a self-controlled series approach was used. Two menstrual study cycles were arranged for each participant before the actual embryo transfer cycle; PRP treatment was conducted in the second cycle. Key metrics analyzed included endometrial thickness and the expression of specific endometrial biomarkers including HOXA-10, Ki67, and αvß3 integrin. Transvaginal ultrasound was employed to measure endometrial thickness on Days 11 and 14, and an endometrial biopsy was conducted on progesterone Day 5 of the first two cycles. Pregnancy outcomes were observed after the embryo transfer cycle. RESULTS: PRP treatment significantly increased the median endometrial thickness, from 5.8 mm to 6.5 mm (P = 0.0066). Additionally, PRP treatment resulted in a statistically significant increase in the H-score for all endometrial markers. Importantly, during the subsequent embryo transfer cycle with PRP treatment, two patients successfully achieved pregnancies, both culminating in live births. CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasize the potential of PRP in improving endometrial conditions, especially for individuals grappling with thin endometrium issues, as underscored by this self-comparison methodology.

20.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0296003, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787854

RESUMO

Maintenance of the intestinal epithelium requires constant self-renewal and regeneration. Tight regulation of proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem cells within the crypt region is critical to maintaining homeostasis. The transcriptional co-factors ß-catenin and YAP are required for proliferation during normal homeostasis as well as intestinal regeneration after injury: aberrant signaling activity results in over proliferation and tumorigenesis. Although both YAP and ß-catenin activity are controlled along canonical pathways, it is becoming increasingly clear that non-canonical regulation of these transcriptional regulators plays a role in fine tuning their activity. We have shown previously that MAMDC4 (Endotubin, AEGP), an integral membrane protein present in endosomes, regulates both YAP and ß-catenin activity in kidney epithelial cells and in the developing intestinal epithelium. Here we show that MAMDC4 interacts with members of the signalosome and mediates cross-talk between YAP and ß-catenin. Interestingly, this cross-talk occurs through a non-canonical pathway involving interactions between AMOT:YAP and AMOT:ß-catenin.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Endossomos , Fatores de Transcrição , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina , Humanos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas de Sinalização YAP/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Camundongos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Células HEK293 , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Ligação Proteica
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