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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 23(1): 35, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has received increasing clinical attention. To investigate the diagnostic value of diastolic function parameters derived from planar gated blood-pool imaging (MUGA) for detecting HFpEF in coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (coronary artery disease, CAD) patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven CAD patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50% were included in the study. Based on the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), the patients were divided into the HFpEF group (LVEDP ≥ 16 mmHg, 47 cases) and the normal LV diastolic function group (LVEDP < 16 mmHg, 50 cases). Diastolic function parameters obtained by planar MUGA include peak filling rate (PFR), filling fraction during the first third of diastole (1/3FF), filling rate during the first third of diastole (1/3FR), mean filling rate during diastole (MFR), and peak filling time (TPF). Echocardiographic parameters include left atrial volume index (LAVI), peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (peak TR velocity), transmitral diastolic early peak inflow velocity (E), average early diastolic velocities of mitral annulars (average e'), average E/e' ratio. The diastolic function parameters obtained by planar MUGA were compared with those obtained by echocardiography to explore the clinical value of planar MUGA for detecting HFpEF. RESULTS: The Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis of diastolic function parameters obtained from planar MUGA and echocardiography to detect HFpEF showed that: among the parameters examined by planar MUGA, the area under the curve (AUC) of PFR, 1/3FF, 1/3FR, MFR and TPF were 0.827, 0.662, 0.653, 0.663 and 0.809, respectively. Among the echocardiographic parameters, the AUCs for average e', average E/e' ratio, peak TR velocity, and LAVI values were 0.747, 0.706, 0.735, and 0.633. The combination of PFR and TPF showed an AUC of 0.856. PFR combined with TPF value demonstrated better predictive value than average e' (Z = 2.020, P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: Diastolic function parameters obtained by planar MUGA can be used to diagnose HFpEF in CAD patients. PFR combined with TPF was superior to the parameters obtained by echocardiography and showed good sensitivity and predictive power for detecting HFpEF.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem do Acúmulo Cardíaco de Comporta , Diástole
2.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675377

RESUMO

Objective: To identify and describe the certainty of evidence of gynecology and obstetrics systematic reviews (SRs) using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Method: Database searches of SRs using GRADE, published between 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2020, in the 10 "gynecology and obstetrics" journals with the highest impact factor, according to the Journal Citation Report 2019. Selected studies included those SRs using the GRADE approach, used to determine the certainty of evidence. Results: Out of 952 SRs, ninety-six SRs of randomized control trials (RCTs) and/or nonrandomized studies (NRSs) used GRADE. Sixty-seven SRs (7.04%) rated the certainty of evidence for specific outcomes. In total, we identified 946 certainty of evidence outcome ratings (n = 614 RCT ratings), ranging from very-low (42.28%) to low (28.44%), moderate (17.65%), and high (11.63%). High and very low certainty of evidence ratings accounted for 2.16% and 71.60% in the SRs of NRSs, respectively, compared with 16.78% and 26.55% in the SRs of RCTs. In the SRs of RCTs and NRSs, certainty of evidence was mainly downgraded due to imprecision and bias risks. Conclusions: More attention needs to be paid to strengthening GRADE acceptance and building knowledge of GRADE methods in gynecology and obstetrics evidence synthesis.

3.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615636

RESUMO

Cannabidiol (CBD) from Cannabis sativa is used in cosmetics in North America due to its antibacterial and antioxidant properties, but has been prohibited in many countries except recently; so, finding a non-intoxicating CBD alternative and elucidating the structure-function relationship of CBD analogues is becoming increasingly relevant. Herein, a set of CBD analogues including 8,9-dihydrocannabidiol (H2CBD) was synthesized, and their antibacterial, bactericidal, and antioxidant activity, as well as their structure-function relationship, were studied. The results present a catalytic selectivity near 100% towards H2CBD with a production yield of 85%. Each CBD analogue presented different antibacterial and antioxidant activity. It is revealed that the phenolic hydroxyl moiety is an essential group for CBD analogues to perform antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Among them, H2CBD presented much stronger antibacterial activity than the assayed popular antibiotics. H2CBD and Compound 4 presented very similar radical scavenging activity and inhibition on lipid oxidation to vitamin C, but better thermostability. Moreover, H2CBD presented lower toxicity to human skin fibroblasts at concentrations up to 64-fold higher than its MIC value (1.25 µg/mL) against S. aureus. Above all, in all property experiments, H2CBD presented extremely similar performance to CBD (p < 0.05), including similar time-kill kinetics curves. This research finds H2CBD to be an alternative for CBD with very high potential in the aspects of antibacterial, bactericidal, and antioxidant activity, as well as lower toxicity to human skin fibroblasts.


Assuntos
Canabidiol , Cannabis , Humanos , Canabidiol/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
4.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-11, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36591949

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the pathological mechanism of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediating neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and the potential role of the TLR4 coreceptor myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2). METHODS: In the study, we inhibited MD2 with the chalcone derivative L2H17 and we utilized a laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) mouse model and Tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)-challenged rhesus choroid-retinal endothelial (RF/6A) cells to assess the effect of MD2 blockade on CNV. RESULTS: Inhibiting MD2 with L2H17 reduced angiogenesis in CNV mice, and significantly protected against retinal dysfunction. In retina and choroid/retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tissues, L2H17 reduced phospho-ERK, phospho-P65 but not phospho-P38, phospho-JNK, and reduced the transcriptional levels of IL-6, TNF-α, ICAM-1 but not VCAM-1. L2H17 could protect RF/6A against TBHP-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis, via inhibiting the TLR4/MD2 signaling pathway and the following downstream mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) activation. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibiting MD2 with L2H17 significantly reduced CNV, suppressed inflammation, and oxidative stress by antagonizing TLR4/MD2 pathway in an MD2-dependent manner. MD2 may be a potential therapeutic target and L2H17 may offer an alternative treatment strategy for nAMD.

5.
Mil Med Res ; 10(1): 1, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593475

RESUMO

Obesity is one of the most serious global health problems, with an incidence that increases yearly and coincides with the development of cancer. Adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) are particularly important in this context and contribute to linking obesity-related inflammation and tumor progression. However, the functions of ATMs on the progression of obesity-associated cancer remain unclear. In this review, we describe the origins, phenotypes, and functions of ATMs. Subsequently, we summarize the potential mechanisms on the reprogramming of ATMs in the obesity-associated microenvironment, including the direct exchange of dysfunctional metabolites, inordinate cytokines and other signaling mediators, transfer of extracellular vesicle cargo, and variations in the gut microbiota and its metabolites. A better understanding of the properties and functions of ATMs under conditions of obesity will lead to the development of new therapeutic interventions for obesity-related cancer.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Neoplasias , Humanos , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias/complicações , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Exp Mol Med ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653443

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a major role in the development of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Sirtuin 5 (SIRT5) participates in the maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis through its desuccinylase activity. However, it is still unclear whether succinylation or SIRT5 is involved in the impairment of mitochondria and development of IDD induced by excessive mechanical stress. Our 4D label-free quantitative proteomic results showed decreased expression of the desuccinylase SIRT5 in rat nucleus pulposus (NP) tissues under mechanical loading. Overexpression of Sirt5 effectively alleviated, whereas knockdown of Sirt5 aggravated, the apoptosis and dysfunction of NP cells under mechanical stress, consistent with the more severe IDD phenotype of Sirt5 KO mice than wild-type mice that underwent lumbar spine instability (LSI) surgery. Moreover, immunoprecipitation-coupled mass spectrometry (IP-MS) results suggested that AIFM1 was a downstream target of SIRT5, which was verified by a Co-IP assay. We further demonstrated that reduced SIRT5 expression resulted in the increased succinylation of AIFM1, which in turn abolished the interaction between AIFM1 and CHCHD4 and thus led to the reduced electron transfer chain (ETC) complex subunits in NP cells. Reduced ETC complex subunits resulted in mitochondrial dysfunction and the subsequent occurrence of IDD under mechanical stress. Finally, we validated the efficacy of treatments targeting disrupted mitochondrial protein importation by upregulating SIRT5 expression or methylene blue (MB) administration in the compression-induced rat IDD model. In conclusion, our study provides new insights into the occurrence and development of IDD and offers promising therapeutic approaches for IDD.

8.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655379

RESUMO

Dietary salt (NaCl) is essential to an organism's survival. However, today's diets are dominated by excessive salt intake, which significantly impacts individual and population health. High-salt intake is closely linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially hypertension, through a number of well-studied mechanisms. Emerging evidence indicates that salt overconsumption may also be associated with metabolic disorders. In this review, we first summarize recent updates on the mechanisms of salt-induced CVD, the effects of salt reduction and the use of salt substitution as a therapy. Next, we focus on how high-salt intake can impact metabolism and energy balance, describing the mechanisms through which this occurs, including leptin resistance, the overproduction of fructose overproduction and ghrelin, insulin resistance and altered hormonal factors. A further influence on metabolism worth noting is salt's reported role in inducing thermogenesis and increasing body temperature, leading to an increase in energy expenditure. While this result could be viewed as a positive metabolic effect, namely by promoting a negative energy balance to combat obesity, caution must be taken with this frame of thinking given the deleterious consequences of chronic high-salt intake on cardiovascular health. Nevertheless, this review highlights the importance of salt as a noncaloric nutrient in regulating whole body energy homeostasis. Through this review, we hope to provide a scientific framework for future studies to systematically address the metabolic impacts of dietary salt and salt replacement treatments. In addition, we hope to form a foundation for future clinical trials to explore how these salt-induced metabolic changes impact obesity development and progression, and to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms that drive these changes. This is done with the aim of developing novel therapeutics for obesity and CVD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 109: 154564, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cinobufacini, a sterilized hot water extract of dried toad skin, had significant effect against several human cancers. However, there are few studies reporting the effect of cinobufacini on pancreatic cancer. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of cinobufacini on the progress of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Cell counting, EdU incorporation and flow Cytometry were performed to evaluate the effect of cinobufacini on cell cycle and growth. MIA-PaCa2 cells were implanted into the nude mice to determine whether cinobufacini represses PDAC progression in vivo. Luciferase reporter assay, western blotting and qPCR were carried out to measure the activity of NF-κB pathway and the alteration of YEATS2 and TAK1. Ectopic gene expression introduced by plasmids was used to verify the molecular mechanism. RESULTS: Our results showed that cinobufacini induced cell cycle arrest and inhibited the growth of PDAC cell in vitro, and repressed MIA-derived PDAC in vivo. Cinobufacini inhibited the phosphorylation of IKK, IκB and NF-κB p65 in PDAC cells. Furthermore, cinobufacini decreased the abundance of intracellular YEATS2 and total TAK1 protein in a time- and dose dependent manner. Ectopic expression of YEATS2 re-elevated the level of TAK1 and phosphorylated IKKα/ß, IκBα and p65 after cinobufacini treatment in PANC-1 cells. CONCLUSION: Cinobufacini retards the growth and progression of PDAC in vitro and in vivo through YEATS2/TAK1/NF-κB axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Camundongos Nus , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 868: 161592, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646214

RESUMO

The Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn removal efficiencies achieved by flushing with FeCl3 were determined in a field experiment using soil contaminated with multiple metals. Soil was first flushed with FeCl3 and then with FeCl3 or a mixture of chelators. Flushed soil was amended with lime and organic matter to revitalize the soil, then the soil was used to grow Zea mays and Brassica juncea. The heavy metal concentrations in groundwater were determined to assess the risks of leaching caused by soil flushing. The Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn removal efficiencies were 70%, 40%, 33%, and 17%, respectively, when FeCl3 (25 mmol (kg topsoil)-1) was applied. The second washing generally did not significantly decrease the heavy metal contents of the soil but the second FeCl3 washing did decrease the Pb content. Pb leached from topsoil was partly retained by the subsoil 20-40 cm deep. The Zea mays yields were significantly lower but the Brassica juncea yields were significantly higher after the combined soil flushing and amendment treatment than after only the amendment treatment. This indicated that soil flushing only negatively affected growth of deep-rooted Z. mays. The Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations in Z. mays grains and the edible parts of B. juncea grown in remediated soil were below the Chinese tolerable limits for contaminants in food. Washing with FeCl3 did not increase groundwater contamination during the study. The results indicated that flushing soil with FeCl3 and subsequent amendments is a technically feasible method for remediating agricultural soil contaminated with Cd.

11.
Adv Mater ; : e2210787, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656993

RESUMO

Although immunotherapy has revolutionized oncotherapy, only ∼15% of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients benefit from the current therapies. An immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) and dysregulation of the polycomb ring finger oncogene BMI1 are potential reasons for the failure. Herein, to promote immunotherapeutic efficacy against HNSCC, we developed an injectable nanocomposite hydrogel with a polymer framework (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) that is loaded with both imiquimod encapsulated CaCO3 nanoparticles (RC) and cancer cell membrane (CCM) coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles containing a peptide-based proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTAC) for BMI1 and paclitaxel (PepM@PacC). Upon injection, this nanocomposite hydrogel undergoes in situ gelation, after which it degrades in the TME over time, releasing RC and PepM@PacC nanoparticles to respectively perform immunotherapy and chemotherapy. Specifically, the RC particles selectively manipulate tumor-associated macrophages and dendritic cells to activate a T-cell immune response, while CCM-mediated homologous targeting and endocytosis delivers the PepM@PacC particles into cancer cells, where endogenous glutathione promotes disulfide bond cleavage to release the PROTAC peptide for BMI1 degradation and frees the paclitaxel from the particle pores to elicit apoptosis meanwhile enhance immunotherapy. Thus, our nanocomposite hydrogel, which was designed to exploit multiple known vulnerabilities of HNSCC, succeeds in suppressing both growth and metastasis of HNSCC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Brain Behav Immun ; 107: 76-86, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198341

RESUMO

Current treatments for chronic pain are unsatisfactory, therefore, new therapeutics are urgently needed. Our previous study indicated that KATP channel openers have analgesic effects, but the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. We speculated that KATP channel openers might increase suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 expression to induce inflammatory tolerance and attenuate chronic pain. Postoperative pain was induced by plantar incision to establish a chronic pain model. Growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6)-/- and Axl-/- mice were used for signaling studies. The microglia cell line BV-2 was cultured for the in vitro experiments. The KATP channel opener significantly attenuated incision-induced mechanical allodynia in mice associated with the upregulated expression of SOCS3. Opening KATP channels induced the expression of SOCS3 in the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway in microglia, inhibited incision-induced mechanical allodynia by activating the Gas6/Axl-SOCS3 signaling pathway, and induced inflammatory tolerance to relieve neuroinflammation and postoperative pain. We demonstrated that opening of the KATP channel opening activated Gas6/Axl/SOCS3 signaling to induce inflammatory tolerance and relieve chronic pain. We explored a new target for anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects by regulating the innate immune system and provided a theoretical basis for clinical preemptive analgesia.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Animais , Camundongos , Dor Crônica/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória , Trifosfato de Adenosina
13.
Food Funct ; 14(2): 911-920, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537732

RESUMO

Background: Epidemiological evidence regarding the relationship between dietary antioxidant vitamin intake and ovarian cancer (OC) survival is not clear. Herein, we aimed to first evaluate this topic in a prospective cohort study in China. Methods: The present study included participants from the Ovarian Cancer Follow-Up Study, which was a hospital-based prospective cohort study including OC patients who were aged 18 to 79 years during 2015-2020. The information on the intake of antioxidant vitamins, consisting of vitamin A, retinol, α-carotene, ß-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E, and other diet information was obtained through a 111-item food frequency questionnaire. Deaths were recorded until March 31, 2021. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models. Results: There were 130 (18.49%) deaths among 703 OC patients during a median 37.19 months follow-up. In the multivariable-adjusted model, the highest tertile of dietary vitamin C (HR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.25-0.75, P for trend <0.05) and ß-carotene intake (HR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.31-0.87, P for trend <0.05) was inversely associated with the overall survival of OC when compared with the lowest tertile group. Retinol, vitamin A, vitamin E, and α-carotene consumption showed no association with OC survival. Of note is that the multiplicative interaction was identified between vitamin C intake and residual lesions in OC survival (P for interaction <0.05). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that pre-diagnostic higher vitamin C and ß-carotene intake was associated with improved OC survival.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Vitaminas , Vitamina A , beta Caroteno , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Dieta , Vitamina E , Ácido Ascórbico , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(21): 5838-5848, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472002

RESUMO

Hd-Zip, a unique transcription factor in plant kingdom, influences the growth, development, and secondary metabolism of plants. Hd-zip Ⅳ is thought to play an important role in trichome development of Schizonepeta tenuifolia. This study aims to explore the functions of StHD1 and StHD8 in Hd-zip Ⅳ subfamily in peltate glandular trichome development. To be specific, the expression patterns of the two genes and interaction between the proteins encoded by them were analyzed based on transcriptome sequencing and two-hybrid screening. The subcellular localization was performed and functions of the genes were verified in tobacco and S. tenuifolia. The results showed that StHD1 and StHD8 had high similarity to HD-Zip Ⅳ proteins of other plants and they all had the characteristic conserved domains of HD-Zip Ⅳ subfamily. They were located in the nucleus. The two genes mainly expressed in young tissues and spikes, and StHD1 and StHD8 proteins interacted with each other. The density and length of glandular trichomes increased significantly in tobacco plants with the overexpression of StHD1 and StHD8. Inhibiting the expression of StHD1 and StHD8 by VIGS(virus-induced gene silencing) in S. tenuifolia resulted in the reduction in the density of peltate glandular trichomes, the expression of key genes related to mono-terpene synthesis, and the relative content of limonene and pulegone, the main components of monoterpene. These results suggested that StHD1 and StHD8 of S. tenuifolia formed a complex to regulate glandular trichomes and affect the biosynthesis of monoterpenes.


Assuntos
Lamiaceae , Tricomas , Tricomas/genética , Tricomas/metabolismo , Lamiaceae/genética , Tabaco/genética , Monoterpenos/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(50): e2210338119, 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472959

RESUMO

Salt stress impairs nutrient metabolism in plant cells, leading to growth and yield penalties. However, the mechanism by which plants alter their nutrient metabolism processes in response to salt stress remains elusive. In this study, we identified and characterized the rice (Oryza sativa) rice salt tolerant 1 (rst1) mutant, which displayed improved salt tolerance and grain yield. Map-based cloning revealed that the gene RST1 encoded an auxin response factor (OsARF18). Molecular analyses showed that RST1 directly repressed the expression of the gene encoding asparagine synthetase 1 (OsAS1). Loss of RST1 function increased the expression of OsAS1 and improved nitrogen (N) utilization by promoting asparagine production and avoiding excess ammonium (NH4+) accumulation. RST1 was undergoing directional selection during domestication. The superior haplotype RST1Hap III decreased its transcriptional repression activity and contributed to salt tolerance and grain weight. Together, our findings unravel a synergistic regulator of growth and salt tolerance associated with N metabolism and provide a new strategy for the development of tolerant cultivars.

16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 558, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatic embryogenesis (SE) was recognized as an important tool for plants to propagate. However, our knowledge about the proteins involved in early SE including the callus dedifferentiation is still limited, especially in the economic woody tree - Eucalyptus. RESULTS: We used the data-independent acquisition mass-spectrometry to study the different proteome profiles of early SE of two Eucalyptus species-E. camaldulensis (high regeneratively potential) and E. grandis x urophylla (low regenerative potential). Initially, 35,207 peptides and 7,077 proteins were identified in the stem and tissue-culture induced callus of the two Eucalyptus species. MSstat identified 2,078 and 2,807 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in early SE of E. camaldulensis and E. grandis x urophylla, respectively. They shared 760 upregulated and 420 downregulated proteins, including 4 transcription factors, 31 ribosomal proteins, 1 histone, 3 zinc finger proteins (ZFPs), 16 glutathione transferases, 10 glucosyltransferases, ARF19, WOX8 and PIN1. These proteins might be involved in the early SE of Eucalyptus. By combining the miRNA and RNA-Seq results, some miRNA ~ gene/protein regulatory networks were identified in early SE of Eucalyptus, such as miR160 ~ TPP2, miR164 ~ UXS2, miR169 ~ COX11 and miR535 ~ Eucgr.E01067. Further, we found SERK, WRKY, ZFP and ABC transporter might be related with high SE potential. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study identified proteins involved in the early SE and related to the high regeneration potential of Eucalyptus. It greatly enhanced our understanding of the early SE and the SE capacity of Eucalyptus.


Assuntos
Eucalyptus , MicroRNAs , Eucalyptus/genética , Proteoma/genética , Madeira , Desenvolvimento Embrionário
17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1056857, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466285

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2022.959698.].

18.
BMJ Open ; 12(12): e066359, 2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report how the Chinese mainland battled its first omicron wave, which happened in Tianjin, a metropolis with 14 million residents. We also sought to better understand how clinical features affected the timing of viral clearance. DESIGN: A retrospective study of the omicron wave in Tianjin between 8 January 2022 and 3 March 2022. SETTING: Except for the first cases on 8 January, all the omicron cases were identified through PCR mass testing in the residential communities. Residential quarantine and serial PCR mass testing were dynamically adjusted according to the trends of new cases. PARTICIPANTS: All the 417 consecutive PCR-positive cases identified through mass screening of the entire city's 14 million residents. 45.3% of the cases were male, and the median age was 37 (range 0.3-90). 389 (93%) cases had complete data for analysing the correlation between clinical features and the timing of viral clearance. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: Time to viral clearance. RESULTS: Tianjin initiated the 'dynamic zero-COVID' policy very early, that is, when daily new case number was ≈0.4 cases per 1 000 000 residents. Daily new cases dropped to <5 after 3 February, and the number of affected residential subdivisions dropped to ≤2 after 13 February. 64% (267/417) of the cases had no or mild symptoms. The median interval from hospital admission to viral clearance was 10 days (range 3-28). An exploratory analysis identified a feature cluster associated with earlier viral clearance, with HRs of 3.56 (95% CI 1.66 to 7.63) and 3.15 (95% CI 1.68 to 5.91) in the training and validation sets, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The 'dynamic zero-COVID' policy can suppress an omicron wave within a month. It might be possible to predict in advance which cases will require shorter periods of isolation based on their clinical features.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Políticas , China/epidemiologia
19.
World J Diabetes ; 13(12): 1001-1013, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578864

RESUMO

Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) and poor wound healing are chronic complications in patients with diabetes. The increasing incidence of DFU has resulted in huge pressure worldwide. Diagnosing and treating this condition are therefore of great importance to control morbidity and improve prognosis. Finding new markers with potential diagnostic and therapeutic utility in DFU has gathered increasing interest. Wound healing is a process divided into three stages: Inflammation, proliferation, and regeneration. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which are small protected molecules transcribed from the genome without protein translation function, have emerged as important regulators of diabetes complications. The deregulation of ncRNAs may be linked to accelerated DFU development and delayed wound healing. Moreover, ncRNAs can be used for therapeutic purposes in diabetic wound healing. Herein, we summarize the role of microRNAs, long ncRNAs, and circular RNAs in diverse stages of DFU wound healing and their potential use as novel therapeutic targets.

20.
World J Diabetes ; 13(12): 1014-1034, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578870

RESUMO

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) have become one of the important causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with diabetes, and they are also a common cause of hospitalization, which places a heavy burden on patients and society. The prevention and treatment of DFUs requires multidisciplinary management. By controlling various risk factors, such as blood glucose levels, blood pressure, lipid levels and smoking cessation, local management of DFUs should be strengthened, such as debridement, dressing, revascularization, stem cell decompression and oxygen therapy. If necessary, systemic anti-infection treatment should be administered. We reviewed the progress in the clinical practice of treating DFUs in recent years, such as revascularization, wound repair, offloading, stem cell transplantation, and anti-infection treatment. We also summarized and prospectively analyzed some new technologies and measurements used in the treatment of DFUs and noted the future challenges and directions for the development of DFU treatments.

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