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1.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30559, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726134

RESUMO

To solve the problem of insufficient low-carbon operational motivation among cold chain logistics enterprises due to the high investment costs of low-carbon assets and considering the promotional effect of environmental regulatory policies and green credit, an evolutionary game model was constructed for the government, cold chain logistics enterprises, and financial institutions. The stability strategies of each participating entity and the stability of the system equilibrium point were analyzed, and the relevant conclusions were verified through numerical simulations. The research results indicated the following: (1) the initial willingness of the three parties to participate increased, the low-carbon operation of cold chain logistics enterprises and the speed of green credit services provided by financial institutions accelerated, and the rate of strict government regulation slowed down. (2) Moderate subsidies and taxes were conducive to the joint participation of the three parties. (3) Increasing the subsidy for green credit provided positive incentives for financial institutions to provide green credit services, while reducing credit interest rates accelerated the low-carbon operation rate of cold chain logistics enterprises.

2.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0299696, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728335

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused the COVID-19 disease, which represents a new life-threatening disaster. Regarding viral infection, many therapeutics have been investigated to alleviate the epidemiology such as vaccines and receptor decoys. However, the continuous mutating coronavirus, especially the variants of Delta and Omicron, are tended to invalidate the therapeutic biological product. Thus, it is necessary to develop molecular entities as broad-spectrum antiviral drugs. Coronavirus replication is controlled by the viral 3-chymotrypsin-like cysteine protease (3CLpro) enzyme, which is required for the virus's life cycle. In the cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 3CLpro has been shown to be a promising therapeutic development target. Here we proposed an attention-based deep learning framework for molecular graphs and sequences, training from the BindingDB 3CLpro dataset (114,555 compounds). After construction of such model, we conducted large-scale screening the in vivo/vitro dataset (276,003 compounds) from Zinc Database and visualize the candidate compounds with attention score. geometric-based affinity prediction was employed for validation. Finally, we established a 3CLpro-specific deep learning framework, namely GraphDPI-3CL (AUROC: 0.958) achieved superior performance beyond the existing state of the art model and discovered 10 molecules with a high binding affinity of 3CLpro and superior binding mode.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , Aprendizado Profundo , SARS-CoV-2 , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , COVID-19/virologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730558

RESUMO

Cyclophilin B(CypB), a significant member of immunophilins family with peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) activity, is crucial for the growth and metabolism of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Sporothrix globosa (S.globosa), a principal pathogen in the Sporothrix complex, causes sporotrichosis. Transcriptomic analysis identified the cypB gene as highly expressed in S. globosa. Our previous study demonstrated that the recombinant E.coli strain containing SgcypB gene failed to produce sufficient product when it was induced to express the protein, implying the potential toxicity of recombinant protein to the bacterial host. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that SgCypB contains transmembrane peptides within the 52 amino acid residues at the N-terminus and 21 amino acids near the C-terminus, and 18 amino acid residues within the cytoplasm. AlphaFold2 predicted a SgCypB 3D structure in which there is an independent PPIase domain consisting of a spherical extracellular part. Hence,we chose to express the extracellular domain to yield high-level recombinant protein with PPIase activity. Finally, we successfully produced high-yield, truncated recombinant cyclophilin B protein from S.globosa (SgtrCypB) that retained characteristic PPIase activity without host bacterium toxicity. This study presents an alternative expression strategy for proteins toxic to prokaryotes, such as SgCypB.

4.
Toxicon ; 243: 107745, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718841

RESUMO

A method for simultaneous determination of 12 mycotoxins in Pericarpium Citri Reticulataeby HPLC-MS/MS was established to analyze the residues of mycotoxins, inwhich from Three Gorges Reservoir area of China, including AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, T-2, FB1, FB2, FB3, ZEN, OTA, OTB and DON.In addition, a probabilistic assessment model based on Monte Carlo simulation method was established in combination with pollution data, and the health risk assessment was carried out by the exposure limit method (MOE).The results showed that the method with strong specificity, good linearity and accurate recovery was established and could be used for the determination of 12 mycotoxins in Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae.In general, the total pollution rate of different degrees of pollution in the 36 batches of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae sampleswas 75 %. It should be noted thatthe proportion of positive samplescontaminated by one toxin was the highest (59.26 %), and the detection rate of FB3 in Pericarpium Citri Reticulataewas the highest (66.67%), followed by AFG1 (44.44 %), indicating that the medicinal material polluted by AFG1 and AFB3 alone or simultaneously was more serious. Specifically, the detection rate of mycotoxins in Chongqing was the highest (92.31%) on account of the high temperature and humidity in Chongqing, followed by Southeast of Sichuan (83.33%) and West of Hubei (45.45%).On the other hand, the MOE of AFB1 and AFB2 calculated were both greater than 10000, indicating that the health risk of AFB1 and AFB2 exposure caused by taking Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae was low, but the risk of high intake population was higher than that of conventional intake population, which needed to be paid attention to. This study can provide a reference for the safety assessment of clinical medication of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae inThree Gorges Reservoir area.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740078

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are well-established for treating end-stage heart failure, but this therapy is only available to Chinese patients in recent years. The CH-VAD is the first used fully magnetically levitated pump and the most widely used device in China. This study reports the long-term outcomes of a cohort supported by the CH-VAD for the first time. METHODS: From June 2017 to August 2023, 50 consecutive patients received CH-VAD implantation in Fuwai Hospital. Clinical data were collected during follow-up and retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics included a mean age of 47.9±13.9 years, 90% male, and 26% ischemic etiology. The INTERMACS profile revealed 12% Profile 1, 56% Profile 2, 26% Profile 3 and 6% Profile 4. Mean support duration was 868 ± 630 days (range 33 days-6.4 years). Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 96% (95% confidence interval [CI], 85 to 99) at 6 months, 93% (95% CI, 79-98) at 1 year, 93% (95% CI, 79-98) at 2 years and 89% (95% CI, 71-96) at 3 years. 40 patients (80%) currently remain on support, 3 were bridged to recovery, 2 received transplant, and 5 expired during support. Major adverse events included right heart failure (10%), surgical related bleeding (8%), arrhythmia (8%) and driveline infection (16%). Major hemocompatibility-related adverse events were limited to 3 non-disabling strokes and 1 gastrointestinal bleeding. There was no major device malfunction during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The largest single-center experience with the leading LVAD in China shows high survival with low complication rates, demonstrating the CH-VAD is safe and efficient in providing long-term support for end-stage heart failure patients.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1308: 342667, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-efficiency and highly reliable analysis of microRNAs (miRNAs) in bodily fluids highlights its significance to be extensively utilized as candidates for non-invasive "liquid biopsy" approaches. DNA biosensors based on strand displacement amplification (SDA) methods have been successfully designed to detect miRNAs given the efficiently amplified and recycled of the target sequences. However, the unpredictable DNA framework and heavy reliance on free diffusion or random reactant collisions in existing approaches lead to delayed reaction kinetics and inadequate amplification. Thus, it is crucial to create a modular probe with a controlled structure, high local concentration, and ease of synthesis. RESULTS: Inspired by the natural spatial-confinement effect based on a well-known streptavidin-biotin interaction, we constructed a protein-DNA hybrid, named protein-scaffolded DNA tetrads (PDT), which consists of four biotinylated Y-shaped DNA (Y-DNA) surrounding a streptavidin protein center via a streptavidin-biotin bridge. The streptavidin-biotin recognition system significantly increased the local concentration and intermolecular distance of the probes to achieve enhanced reaction efficiency and kinetics. The PDT-based assay starts with the target miRNA binding to Y-DNA, which disassembles the Y-DNA structures into three types of hairpin-shaped structures via self-primed strand displacement amplification (SPSDA) and generates remarkable fluorescence signal that is proportional to the miRNA concentration. Results demonstrated that PDT enabled a more efficient detection of miRNA-21 with a sensitivity of 1 fM. Moreover, it was proven reliable for the detection of clinical serum samples, suggesting great potential for advancing the development of rapid and robust signal amplification technologies for early diagnosis. SIGNIFICANCE: This simple yet robust system contributes to the early diagnosis of miR-21 with satisfactory sensitivity and specificity, and display a significantly improved nuclease resistance owing to their unique structure. The results suggested that the strategy is expected to provide a promising potential platform for tumor diagnosis, prognosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Biotina , DNA , MicroRNAs , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Estreptavidina , MicroRNAs/sangue , Humanos , Estreptavidina/química , DNA/química , DNA/sangue , Biotina/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Limite de Detecção
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741463

RESUMO

Double perovskite films have been extensively studied for ferroelectric order, ferromagnetic order, and photovoltaic effects. The customized ion combinations and ordered ionic arrangements provide unique opportunities for bandgap engineering. Here, a synergistic strategy to induce chemical strain and charge compensation through inequivalent element substitution is proposed. A-site substitution of the barium ion is used to modify the chemical valence and defect density of the two B-site elements in Bi2FeMnO6 double perovskite epitaxial thin films. We dramatically increased the ferroelectric photovoltaic effect to ∼135.67 µA/cm2 from 30.62 µA/cm2, which is the highest in ferroelectric thin films with a thickness of less than 100 nm under white-light LED irradiation. More importantly, the ferroelectric polarization can effectively improve the photovoltaic efficiency of more than 5 times. High-resolution HAADF-STEM, synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction and absorption spectroscopy, and DFT calculations collectively demonstrate that inequivalent ion plays a dual role of chemical strain (+1.92 and -1.04 GPa) and charge balance, thereby introducing lattice distortion effects. The reduction of the oxygen vacancy density and the competing Jahn-Teller distortion of the oxygen octahedron are the main phenomena of the change in electron-orbital hybridization, which also leads to enhanced ferroelectric polarization values and optical absorption. The inequivalent strategy can be extended to other double perovskite systems and applied to other functional materials, such as photocatalysis for efficient defect control.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9253, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649416

RESUMO

In order to realize the intelligent monitoring of the high-precision positioning of the hole position and the real-time control of the verticality of the pile, an intelligent monitoring system was developed based on the combination positioning technology of BDS and UWB and the biaxial tilt sensor, and the numerical simulation and comparative analysis of the verticality of the pile were carried out by abaqus. The deviation of pile foundation in different directions and the deviation of pile body are controlled by the monitoring system, and abnormal warning is made when the deviation exceeds the permissible range.Through the application of intelligent monitoring system in the pile foundation engineering area of Changshui Airport, it is found that the plane offset and perpendicularity of all piles meet the standard requirements and the construction error is controlled at a small value. The results show that the application of intelligent inspection system can not only ensure the construction quality of pile foundation, but also meet and improve the level of digitization and information technology of smart construction site.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anxiety superimposed on late life depression (LLD) results in greater changes to prefrontal and medial temporal brain regions compared to depression alone. Yet, the combined impact of anxiety and depression on cognition in LLD has not been thoroughly investigated. The current study investigated whether annual changes in state and trait anxiety were associated with cognitive changes in older adults with major depression. We hypothesized that the presence of anxiety among older depressed adults would be associated with worse cognitive performance in the domains of memory and executive functioning over time. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal observational study of older adults with LLD who were offered antidepressant treatment. SETTING: Academic Health Center. METHODS: Participants included 124 adults aged 60+ who met criteria for major depression at baseline. The association between anxiety and cognition was examined with separate multilevel linear models that addressed both between-subject and within-person effects of state and trait anxiety on cognitive functioning tests. RESULTS: Individuals who experienced annual increases in anxiety above his/her personal average also experienced cognitive decline. Increases in state anxiety were associated with declines in memory and global cognition. By contrast, increases in trait anxiety were associated with declines in mental flexibility and memory. These findings remained significant even when controlling for changes in depression over time. CONCLUSION: In LLD, individual increases in state and trait anxiety were associated with cognitive declines in different domains.

10.
Regen Ther ; 27: 279-289, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617444

RESUMO

Introduction: Cell transplantation is an emerging and effective therapeutic approach for enhancing uterine adhesions caused by endometrial damage. Currently, human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (HUCBMCs) have been extensively for tissue and organ regeneration. However, their application in endometrial repair remains unexplored. Our investigation focuses on the utilization of HUCBMCs for treating endometrial injury. Methods: The HUCBMCs were isolated from health umbilical cord blood, and co-cultured with the injured endometrial stromal cells and injured endometrial organoids. The cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by cck8 assays and flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PTEN, AKT and p-AKT. Immunofluorescence assay revealed expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) -related markers such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and TGF-ß1. The endometrial thickness, fibrosis level, and glandular number were examined after the intravenous injection of HUCBMCs in mouse endometrial models. Immunohistochemistry was employed to assess changes in growth factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) as well as fibrosis markers α-SMA and COL1A1. Additionally, expressions of EMT-related proteins E-cadherin and N-cadherin were evaluated. Results: HUCBMCs significantly improved the proliferation and reduced the apoptosis of damaged endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), accompanied by up-regulation of phospho-AKT expression. HUCBMCs increased endometrial thickness and glandular count while decreasing fibrosis and EMT-related markers in mouse endometrial models. Furthermore, EMT-related markers of ESCs and endometrial organoids were significantly decreased. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that HUCBMCs plays a pivotal role in mitigating endometrial injury through the attenuation of fibrosis. HUCBMCs may exert a reverse effect on the EMT process during the endometrium reconstruction.

11.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28022, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586320

RESUMO

Bian-Se-Tong mixture (BSTM) is an optimized formulation based on the classical prescription "Zhizhu pill", which is widely used in the clinical treatment of slow-transit constipation (STC). The potential molecular mechanism of BSTM therapy for STC was investigated by network pharmacology prediction combined with animal experiments. The active components of BSTM were screened via the TCMSP platform. The GeneCards, OMIM and DrugBank databases were used to search for STC targets. With the help of the Biogenet tool, a protein interaction network between drugs and disease targets was constructed, and the intersection network of the two was extracted to obtain the key targets of BSTM in the treatment of STC. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses of key targets were carried out with Metascape. Loperamide hydrochloride was used to establish an STC rat model, and the key targets and related pathways were preliminarily verified. The important signaling pathways included the PI3K-Akt, MAPK, IL-17, cAMP, and cell cycle signaling pathways. The experimental results showed that BSTM treatment increased the body weight of STC rats and increased the fecal particle number, fecal water content and intestinal carbon ink promotion rate within 24 h. Further pathological changes in the colon of the rats were also observed. In-depth mechanistic studies have shown that BSTM can significantly reduce the apoptosis of intestinal Cajal cells, downregulate the expression of Bax and c-Caspase 3, upregulate the expression of Bcl-2 and c-kit, and promote the phosphorylation of AKT. The results showed that BSTM can significantly relieve constipation in STC rats via a mechanism related to activating the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and improving Cajal cell apoptosis.

12.
Ultrasonography ; 43(3): 209-219, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644636

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This cross-sectional cohort-comparison observational study investigated the value of high-frame-rate vector flow (V Flow) imaging for evaluating differences in carotid plaque shape and biomechanical parameters in patients with mild stenosis according to a recent history of ipsilateral ischemic stroke. METHODS: The present study included 352 patients from February 2023 to October 2023, who were categorized as symptomatic or asymptomatic based on a history of recent ischemic stroke and ipsilateral ischemic lesions detected on head computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. A Mindray Resona R9 system was used for B-mode ultrasonography and V Flow imaging. The upstream and downstream surfaces of the plaques were examined at the carotid bifurcation for wall shear stress (WSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI), and turbulence index, which performed peri-plaque biomechanical condition. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine associations between plaque shape, V Flow parameters, and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: Symptomatic patients exhibited higher WSS values for the upstream and downstream surfaces of carotid plaque, as well as higher OSI and turbulence index values for the downstream surface. Type Ⅲ plaques and higher WSS and OSI values for the downstream surface of the plaque were significantly associated with ischemic stroke. Type Ⅲ plaques were more prevalent in symptomatic patients and demonstrated much higher WSS and OSI values for the downstream plaque surface in both groups. CONCLUSION: High-frame-rate V Flow imaging could assess peri-plaque biomechanical forces and may provide effective imaging biomarkers for early prediction of ischemic stroke in patients with mild stenosis.

13.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27202, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486724

RESUMO

Purpose: The controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score is an important tool for predicting the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, its effectiveness is relatively insufficient. This study aimed to screen for more effective clinical indicators as supplements to the CONUT scoring system and improve the predictive value of CRC prognosis. Patients and methods: Between 2014 and 2020, the clinical information of all CRC patients in our unit was retrospectively collected, and the CONUT scores were calculated based on the levels of serum albumin (ALB), lymphocytes (LC), and total cholesterol. The included patients were divided into the following three groups: normal nutrition (0-1), mild malnutrition (2-4), and moderate-to-severe malnutrition (5-12). The correlations between the CONUT score and baseline characteristics and clinical indicators were evaluated. Results: This study ultimately included 5014 CRC patients. The nutritional status of patients with colon cancer (CC) was worse than that of rectal cancer (RC). The nutritional status was worse in men than in women. The older the patient, the poorer the nutritional status, and the poorer the nutritional status, the longer the hospital stay. In addition, poor nutritional status in patients is indicated by higher values of neutrophils (NE), monocytes (MC), eosinophils (EOS), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), carcinoembryogenic antigen (CEA), and lower values of white blood cells (WBC), basophils (BAS), haemoglobin (HB), total protein (TP), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), aspartate transaminase (AST), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Indicators that significantly correlated with the CONUT score reflected the immune nutritional status, including WBC (odds ratio [OR] = 0.036, P < 0.001), NE (OR = 30.815, P < 0.001), MC (OR = 41.388, P < 0.001), EOS (OR = 27.577, P < 0.001), BAS (OR = 0.006, P = 0.046), and LDL (OR = 0.319, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Additional variables such as WBC, NE, MC, EOS, BAS, and LDL may be used as supplementary indicators in the CONUT scoring system to more effectively predict the clinical prognosis of CRC patients.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 353, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504158

RESUMO

NUP155 is reported to be correlated with tumor development. However, the role of NUP155 in tumor physiology and the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) has not been previously examined. This study comprehensively investigated the expression, immunological function, and prognostic significance of NUP155 in different cancer types. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that NUP155 was upregulated in 26 types of cancer. Additionally, NUP155 upregulation was strongly correlated with advanced pathological or clinical stages and poor prognosis in several cancers. Furthermore, NUP155 was significantly and positively correlated with DNA methylation, tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, and stemness score in most cancers. Additionally, NUP155 was also found to be involved in TIME and closely associated with tumor infiltrating immune cells and immunoregulation-related genes. Functional enrichment analysis revealed a strong correlation between NUP155 and immunomodulatory pathways, especially antigen processing and presentation. The role of NUP155 in breast cancer has not been examined. This study, for the first time, demonstrated that NUP155 was upregulated in breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA) cells and revealed its oncogenic role in BRCA using molecular biology experiments. Thus, our study highlights the potential value of NUP155 as a biomarker in the assessment of prognostic prediction, tumor microenvironment and immunotherapeutic response in pan-cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Apoptose , Mama , Proliferação de Células/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética
15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(7): 728-741, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver injury is common in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Excessive autophagy often leads to an imbalance of homeostasis in hepatocytes, which induces lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial iron deposition and ultimately leads to ferroptosis. Our previous study found that milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8) alleviates acinar cell damage during SAP via binding to αvß3/5 integrins. MFG-E8 also seems to mitigate pancreatic fibrosis via inhibiting chaperone-mediated autophagy. AIM: To speculate whether MFG-E8 could also alleviate SAP induced liver injury by restoring the abnormal autophagy flux. METHODS: SAP was induced in mice by 2 hly intraperitoneal injections of 4.0 g/kg L-arginine or 7 hly injections of 50 µg/kg cerulein plus lipopolysaccharide. mfge8-knockout mice were used to study the effect of MFG-E8 deficiency on SAP-induced liver injury. Cilengitide, a specific αvß3/5 integrin inhibitor, was used to investigate the possible mechanism of MFG-E8. RESULTS: The results showed that MFG-E8 deficiency aggravated SAP-induced liver injury in mice, enhanced autophagy flux in hepatocyte, and worsened the degree of ferroptosis. Exogenous MFG-E8 reduced SAP-induced liver injury in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, MFG-E8 mitigated excessive autophagy and inhibited ferroptosis in liver cells. Cilengitide abolished MFG-E8's beneficial effects in SAP-induced liver injury. CONCLUSION: MFG-E8 acts as an endogenous protective mediator in SAP-induced liver injury. MFG-E8 alleviates the excessive autophagy and inhibits ferroptosis in hepatocytes by binding to integrin αVß3/5.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Ferroptose , Glicolipídeos , Glicoproteínas , Gotículas Lipídicas , Pancreatite , Camundongos , Animais , Fator VIII , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite/complicações , Doença Aguda , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Autofagia , Família de Proteínas EGF , Proteínas do Leite/metabolismo , Proteínas do Leite/farmacologia
16.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 381, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inaccurate colposcopy diagnosis may lead to inappropriate management and increase the incidence of cervical cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of colposcopy in the detection of histologic cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) in women with transformation zone type 3 (TZ3). METHODS: Records from 764 patients with TZ3 who underwent colposcopy-directed biopsy and/or endocervical curettage in Putuo Hospital China between February 2020 and March 2023 were retrospectively collected. Colposcopy was carried out based on 2011 International Federation of Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy (IFCPC) and Colposcopy nomenclature. The diagnostic performance of colposcopy for identifying CIN2 + was evaluated compared with biopsies. The Kappa and McNemar tests were used to perform statistical analyses. RESULTS: Among the study population, 11.0% had pathologic CIN2+. The relative sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of colposcopy for histologic CIN2 + were 51.2%, 96.5%, 64.2% and 94.1%, respectively. The senior colposcopists (80.6%) had a higher colposcopic accuracy to diagnose histologic CIN2 + than junior colposcopists (68.6%). In subgroup analyses, age group ≥ 60 years (70.3%) showed lowest diagnostic accuracy when compared with age groups of < 45 years (84.4%) and 45-59 years (74.9%). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest an increased risk of diagnostic inaccuracy of colposcopy in identifying CIN2 + in those ≥ 60 years of age with TZ3, and the accuracy of colposcopy is required to be further improved.


Assuntos
Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas , Displasia do Colo do Útero , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Colposcopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Colo do Útero/patologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Biópsia
17.
Foods ; 13(6)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540844

RESUMO

Banana is a typical cold-sensitive fruit; it is prone to chilling injury (CI), resulting in a quality deterioration and commodity reduction. However, the molecular mechanism underlying CI development is unclear. In this study, cold storage (7 °C for 5 days) was used to induce CI symptoms in bananas. As compared with the control storage (22 °C for 5 days), cold storage increased the CI index and cell membrane permeability. Moreover, we found that the expression levels of the WRKY transcription factor MaWRKY70 were increased consistently with the progression of CI development. A subcellular localization assay revealed that MaWRKY70 was localized in the nucleus. Transcriptional activation analyses showed that MaWRKY70 processed a transactivation ability. Further, an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) assays showed that MaWRKY70 was directly bound to the W-box motifs in the promoters of four lipoxygenase (LOX) genes associated with membrane lipid degradation and activated their transcription. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that MaWRKY70 activates the transcription of MaLOXs, thereby acting as a possible positive modulator of postharvest CI development in banana fruit.

18.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542855

RESUMO

Benzimidazole fungicides are a class of highly effective, low-toxicity, systemic broad-spectrum fungicides developed in the 1960s and 1970s, based on the fungicidal activity of the benzimidazole ring structure. They exhibit biological activities including anticancer, antibacterial, and antiparasitic effects. Due to their particularly outstanding antibacterial properties, they are widely used in agriculture to prevent and control various plant diseases caused by fungi. The main products of benzimidazole fungicides include benomyl, carbendazim, thiabendazole, albendazole, thiophanate, thiophanate-methyl, fuberidazole, methyl (1-{[(5-cyanopentyl)amino]carbonyl}-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl) carbamate, and carbendazim salicylate. This article mainly reviews the physicochemical properties, toxicological properties, disease control efficacy, and pesticide residue and detection technologies of the aforementioned nine benzimidazole fungicides and their main metabolite (2-aminobenzimidazole). On this basis, a brief outlook on the future research directions of benzimidazole fungicides is presented.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/metabolismo , Carbamatos/farmacologia , Tiofanato , Antibacterianos
19.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113930, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507412

RESUMO

Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) differentiate into myelin-producing cells and modulate neuronal activity. Defects in OPC development are associated with neurological diseases. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) contributes to neural development; however, the mechanism by which m6A regulates OPC development remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that PRRC2B is an m6A reader that regulates OPC development and myelination. Nestin-Cre-mediated Prrc2b deletion affects neural stem cell self-renewal and glial differentiation. Moreover, the oligodendroglia lineage-specific deletion of Prrc2b reduces the numbers of OPCs and oligodendrocytes, causing hypomyelination and impaired motor coordination. Integrative methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing, RNA sequencing, and RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing analyses identify Sox2 as the target of PRRC2B. Notably, PRRC2B, displaying separate and cooperative functions with PRRC2A, stabilizes mRNA by binding to m6A motifs in the coding sequence and 3' UTR of Sox2. In summary, we identify the posttranscriptional regulation of PRRC2B in OPC development, extending the understanding of PRRC2 family proteins and providing a therapeutic target for myelin-related disorders.


Assuntos
Células Precursoras de Oligodendrócitos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Oligodendroglia/metabolismo , Bainha de Mielina/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Diferenciação Celular/genética
20.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e28451, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545136

RESUMO

Objective: This research aims to examine the involvement of lymphocyte subsets and inflammatory cytokines in the development and progression of COVID-19. Methods: 164 COVID-19 patients were admitted to hospital between December 2022 and January 2023. Based on lung CT scans and whether it is necessary for intensive care unit (ICU) admission, they were categorized into: severe groups (84) and mild disease groups (80). Peripheral blood were also collected from 101 healthy examinees and 164 patients. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to measure the absolute and relative counts of lymphocyte subsets, while chemiluminescence was used to detect the level of inflammatory cytokines. Results: The COVID-19 patient group exhibited lower count of lymphocytes subsets than healthy control group. Moreover, COVID-19 patient case presented higher content of cytokines (IL-6, IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α) expression compared to healthy control case. Within the COVID-19 patient group, individuals with severe disease showed lower counts of lymphocytes subsets than the mild disease case. Furthermore, IL-6 levels in severe case were higher than the mild disease patients case. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis confirmed IL-6 (odds ratio: 0.985 [0.977-0.993]), CD3+ T cells (odds ratio:1.007 [1.004-1.010]), CD8+ T cells (odds ratio:1.016 [1.009-1.023]), and CD19+ B cells (odds ratio:1.011 [1.002-1.020]) independently predicted severe progression. ROC curve results indicated AUC for lymphocytes in patients with severe COVID-19 was 0.8686 (0.8112-0.9260), CD3+ T cells was 0.8762 (0.8237-0.9287), CD8+ T cells was 0.7963 (0.7287-0.8638), CD4+ T cells was 0.8600 (0.8036-0.9164), CD19+ B cells was 0.7217 (0.6434-0.8001), NK cells was 0.6492 (0.5627-0.7357), age was 0.6699 (0.5877-0.7521), diabetes was 0.5991 (0.5125-0.6857), and IL-6 was 0.7241 (0.6479-0.8003). Furthermore, the ROC curves for different factors (CD3+ T cells, age, IL-6) yielded an AUC of 0.9031 (0.8580-0.9483). Conclusions: The research indicated that COVID-19 patients experience a decrease in lymphocytes subset and an increase in the inflammatory factor IL-6, particularly in the severe case group. As a result, the count of lymphocyte subset (CD3+ T cells) and the content of inflammatory cytokine (IL-6) can serve as predictive markers for assessing the severity of COVID-19 and developing treatment plans efficacy.

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